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ABERDEEN UNIV^,?^ 

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http://www.archive.org/details/fastiacademiaema01univuoft 



RECORDS 

OF THE 

MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY 
ABERDEEN 



j-?5 Copies printed. 
No. M 



THE ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY PRESS. 



Um w 



3f asti 

amlremiae jWatiscallana^ 

Hber^onensis: 



SELECTIONS FROM THE RECORDS 

OF THE 

MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY % 



MDXCIII— MDCCCLX 



EDITED BY 

PETER JOHN ANDERSON, M.A., LL.B. 



VOLUME I 

ENDOWMENTS 



ABERDEEN 
"^rinteb for iBc '^ew ^patbinq @Ctt6 

MDCCCLXXXIX 




Movemur nescio quo pacto locis ipsis in quibus eorum quos diligimus aut admiramur 
adsunt vestigia. Me quidem ipsae illae nostrae Athenae non tarn operibus magnificis 
exquisitisque antiquorum artibus delectant, quam recordatione summorum virorum, ubi 
quisque habitare, ubi sedere, ubi disputare sit solitus; studioseque eorum etiam sepulchra 
contemplor. — Cic. 



Founded nth November, 1886. 

|3atronesa : 
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN. 



o:F:FiOE-BEj^:EaEiJ.s iFOia isss-es. 

THE EARL OF ABERDEEN. 



!3tc£-|3rjsil>tnts : 



The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, 

The Duke of Fife, K.T. 

The Marquis of Huntly. 

The Earl of Strathmore. 

The Earl of Southesk, K.T. 

The Earl of Kintore. 

The Lord Forbes. 

The Lord Saltoun. 



K.G. 



The Lord Provost of Aberdeen, 

The Principal of the University of Aberdeen. 

Charles Elphinstone-Dalrymple, of Kinellar 

Lodge. 
George Grub, LL.D. 

Alexander Forbes Irvine, of Drum, LL.D. 
John Webster, of Edgehill, LL.D. 



©rbmatg .^ttemljers of donnril : 



The Bishop of Aberdeen and Orkney. 

William Alexander, I^L. D., Aberdeen. 

Colonel James Allardyce, Aberdeen. 

George Burnett, LL.D., Lyon King of Arms. 

James A. Campbell, of Stracathro, LL.D., M.P. 

The Rev. Professor Christie, D.D., Deceased. 

The Rev. James Cooper, Aberdeen. 

William Cramond, Cullen. 

Peter M. Cran, City Chamberlain, Aberdeen. 

John Crombie, of Balgownie Lodge. 

Alexander Davidson, of Desswood. 

Charles B. Davidson, Aberdeen. 

The Rev. John Davidson, D.D., Inverurie. 

Thomas Dickson, LL.D., H.M. General Register 

House. 
Francis Edmond, of Kingswells, LL.D. 
John Philip Edmond, London. 
Robert F. O. Farquharson, of Haughton. 
James Ferguson, Edinburgh. 
William Ferguson, of Kinmundy. 
The Rev. James Gammack, LL.D. 
James Murray Garden, Aberdeen. 
Henry Wolrige-Gordon, of Esslemont, 
The Rev. Walter Gregor, LL.D., Pitsligo. 



Alexander Kemlo, Aberdeen. 

Colonel William Ross King, of Tertowie. 

The Rev. William Forbes-Leith, S.J., Selkirk. 

George Arbuthnot-Leslie, of Warthill. 

David Littlejohn, Sheriff-Clerk, Aberdeen. 

James Matthews, of Springhill. 

The Rev. John G. Michie, Dinnet. 

James Moir, Rector of the Grammar School, 

Aberdeen. 
Arthur D. Morice, Aberdeen. 
Charles Rampini, Sheriff- Substitute, Elgin. 
Alexander Ramsay, Banff. 
Major John Ramsay, of Barra. 
Alexander W. Robertson, Aberdeen. 
William Forbes Skene, D.C.L., LL.D., H.M. 

Historiographer for Scotland. 
The Rev. William Temple, Forgue. 
Alexander Walker, Aberdeen. 
George Walker, Aberdeen. 
Robert Walker, Aberdeen. 
John Forbes White, LL.D., Dundee. 
John Dove Wilson, LL.D., Sheriff-Substitute, 

Aberdeen. 
The Rev. John Woodward, Montrose. 



Peter John Anderson, 2 East Craibstone Street, Aberdeen. 

1r£!tsn«r : 

Patrick Henderson Chalmers, Deceased. 

Farquharson Taylor Garden, 13 Union Terrace, Aberdeen, Interim Treasurer. 

^ubitors : 
James Augustus Sinclair, C.A., Aberdeen; and George Cooper, C.A., Aberdeen. 



NOTE. 

The first volume, now jssued, contains the original foundations 
of the Marischal College and University, and notices of its 
later endowments. The second volume will deal with the 
system of education and with the Fasti proper. It will include 
the names of teachers and of students, from the date of the 
earliest extant register to i860, when the separate existence 
of the University was brought to a close. 

The general Introduction to the work is meanwhile 
postponed, and the editor also reserves the acknowledgment 
of aid given to him by many kind friends. He would now 
merely express his obligations to the Senatus of the University 
of Aberdeen, for unrestricted access to their records. 



I 



CONTENTS. 

I. Charter under the great seal, by King James VI., granting 

in liferent to George, fifth Earl Marischal, and in fee 
to his son William Keith, whom failing to others therein 
named, the lands and barony of Altrie, including the 
lands formerly belonging to the Monastery of Deer ; the 
templar lands of Dunottar and Fetteresso, &c. ; and the 
crofts and annuals formerly belonging to the Black 
Friars and to the White Friars of Aberdeen ; all resigned 
by said Earl for new infeftment as above : Also granting 
de novo to said Earl the barony of Altrie, with annexations 
made thereto ; subject to reservations in favour of Robert, 
Laird of Altrie, and Margaret, Countess Marischal, and 
to restrictions on alienation by said William. Dalkeith, 

26th September, 1592 . 

la. English abstract of the foregoing 33 

II. Charter and Erection by George, fifth Earl Marischal, 

setting forth his knowledge of the lack of means in the 
North of Scotland for obtaining a liberal and Christian 
education, his desire to remove this reproach, and his 
consequent determination to found a " Gymnasium " in 
Aberdeen ; granting therefor the properties formerly 
belonging to the Gray, the Black, and the White Friars 
of Aberdeen, and to the chaplainries of Bervy and of 
Cowy ; laying down rules as to the election, admission, 
and duties of a Rector, a Dean of Faculty, a Principal, 
three Regents (to be attached to special professorships), 
six Bursars, a Steward, and a Cook; prescribing the 
curriculum of study, and the method of graduation ; 
forbidding the residence of women within the walls, and 
the alienation of any of the College property ; and pro- 

b 



X CONTENTS. [1593-98. 

PAOB 

viding for the maintenance of the general discipline of 
the institution, and for periodical visitations by the 
Chancellor (whose election is not referred to), the Rector, 
and the Dean of Faculty. Aberdeen, 2nd April, 1593 . 39 

lla. Translation of the foregoing 60 

Note on the University of Fraserburgh .... 78 

III. Instrument of Sasine on the lands of the Black and of the 

White Friars, granted propriis manibus by the Earl to 
Bishop David Cunningham on behalf of the College. 

2ist April, 1593 80 

Ilia. Abstract of the foregoing 82 

IV. Instrument of Renunciation of liferent of said lands, by 

Margaret, Countess Marischal, in favour of the College ; 
and of subsequent Ratification by the Earl. 21st April, 

1593 . 82 

IVa. Abstract of the foregoing 83 

V. Minute of the General Assembly of the Kirk ratifying the 

Earl's Foundation. 26th April, 1593 .... 84 

VI. Act of Scots Parliament ratifying the same, under condition 

that all masters and members shall be subject to juris- 
diction of magistrates outwith the walls of the College. 
2ist July, 1593 84 

VII. Minute by the Town Council of Aberdeen approving 

resignation of the Gray Friars' property in favour of the 

Earl. 4th September, 1593 85 

Note on the Earliest College Buildings . . . . 87 

VIII. Minute of Town Council ordaining Town Clerk to deliver 
Foundation to Principal Howie. 20th September, 1594 . 89 

IX. Charter, by James Leslie of Durno, granting to Principal 

Howie and his successors the Brewcroft of Miltoun in the 
Garioch, to augment the insufficient rental of the College, 
and to furnish bursaries for youths of the name of Leslie. 
Miltoun of Durno, 9th October, 1596 .... 89 
IXa. Abstract of the foregoing 91 

X. Rental of the College, drawn up by Principal Howie. 

1593-98 92 



I6l2.] CONTENTS. 



XI 



I 



XL Rental of the College, drawn up by Principal Gray. 

1601-06 loi 

XII. Charter by Patrick Jack, Dyer, granting to the Principal 

and Masters two feuduties of 20s. and 26s. 8d. Scots, 
to augment the College rental. 25th January, 1606 . 109 
Xlla. Abstract of the foregoing 112 

XIII. Minute of Town Council granting ;^ioo towards a 
Library for Earl Marischal's books. 30th August, 1609 112 

XIV. Extract from Will of John Johnston, Professor in St. 
Mary's College, St. Andrews, bequeathing 1000 merks to 
found a bursary, tenable for four years by a student of 
Divinity, at Aberdeen or St. Andrews : the election to be 
vested in the Principal of the College and the School- 
master of the said town, under direction of the Lairds of 
Caskieben and Crimond : candidates of testator's family 
or name to be, cceteris paribus, preferred. St. Andrews, 

29th July, 1611 113 

Note on Heraldic Ceiling in Old Marischal College . . 118 

XV. Minute of Town Council sanctioning erection of a loft in 

the old Kirk for the use of masters and students. 8th 
April, 1612 120 

XVI. Disposition by Dr. Duncan Liddell, mortifying to the 
Colleges of New and Old Aberdeen the town and lands of 
Pitmedden, with adjacent salmon fishings, the rents and 
feuduties thereof to be applied to the maintenance of six 
bursars, each for six years, four to be spent in the study 
of Philosophy, and two in teaching Mathematics ; the 
testator's kindred to have a preference, and the manage- 
ment to be entrusted principally to the Provost, Baillies, 
and Council of Aberdeen ; surplus rents to be devoted to 
increasing the disponer's library, also mortified ; the 
college selected to be at the option of the bursar's 
parents ; each bursar at the end of his course to deliver 
a public oration and invite the students to a contest in 
Latin and Greek verse, the winner to receive £^ Scots ; 
if the Colleges decay, the endowment to be devoted to 



kii CONTENTS. [1617. 

PAGE 

the maintenance of poor men's sons at the Grammar and 
Song Schools ; if the mortification be diverted from its 
proper use, the lands to return to the mortifier's heirs ; 
the liferent being reserved to the mortifier. Edinburgh, 
I2th June, 1612 120 

XVII. Will of Dr. Duncan Liddell, confirming the foregoing 
mortification, but with preference to the College of New 
Aberdeen, and bequeathing 6000 merks to the Council for 
the maintenance of a Professor of Mathematics : a 
learned man to have 400 merks yearly, and one of meaner 
gifts 200 or 300 merks, and the surplus to be devoted to 
the maintenance of the libraries of the Colleges (that of 
New Aberdeen having the preference) and of the poor of 
Aberdeen : the executors to give a rose noble to Principal 
Gray for delivering a funeral oration after testator's 
death, and to erect two monuments to his memory, in 
the town of Pitmedden and in the kirk of New Aberdeen. 
Aberdeen, 9th December, 1613 131 

Note on the Professorship of Mathematics .... 142 

XVIII. Minute of Town Council embodying extract from Will 
of Dr. James Cargill, bequeathing to the Magistrates and 
Council 4000 merks to found four bursaries of four years 
each ; testator's kindred to be preferred, failing whom 
town's bairns. Will dated at Aberdeen, 1614 ; Minute, 

13th March, 1616 149 

XIX. Minute of Town Council granting ;£'20o to Mr. David 
Wedderburne for teaching high class after death of 
Principal Gray. 26th July, 1615 . . . . .154 

XX. Minutes of Town Council granting an annual stipend of 

;^6oo Scots to Mr. William Forbes, one of the ministers 
of the burgh, in consideration of his teaching a weekly 
lesson of Theology in the College ; the community to be 
stentit for the superplus of said stipend attour the town's 
Kirk annuals and interest on Patrick Copland's endow- 
ment, nth December, 1616, and 7th January, 1617 . 156 
XXr. (i, 2) Deeds of gift by Mr. Patrick Copland, Preacher to 



1 62 1.] CONTENTS. xiti 

PAGE 

the Navy and Fleet of the East India Company, morti- 
fying to the Provost, Baillies, and Council two sums of 
2000 merks each, to maintain a learned Divine in the 
College ; under condition that, if the Earl Marischal 
place a Reader in Divinity in the said College, the 
Trustees shall be at liberty to apply the interest to the 
use of Hospital of the burgh, or to maintain poor scholars. 
London, 27th January, 16I7 ; i8th July, 1622 . . . 159 
(3) Entry in Town Council Register anent a third gift by 
the same of 2000 merks. Summer Islands, ist February, 

162^ 164 

Note on Copland's Endowment 166 

Note on the Professorship of Divinity ..... 178 

XXII. Act of Scots Parliament ratifying Dr. Liddell's mortifica- 
tion of the lands of Pitmedden, uniting thereto the 
teindsheaves thereof dissolved from the parsonage of 
Kinkell, and confirming a Crown charter of mortification 

to be expede thereupon. 28th June, 1617 . . . 181 

XXIII. Minute of Town Council referring to Will of David 
Chalmerlane, Surgeon to the late Queen, bequeathing to 
the Provost, Baillies, and Council 1000 merks Scots 
towards the maintenance of the College. Will dated 

1618 ; Minute, 13th June, 1621 182 

XXIV. Minute of Town Council granting a yearly stipend of 
80 merks to Mr. David Wedderburne, for teaching a 
weekly lesson of Humanity. loth February, 1620 . 185 

XXV. Minute of Town Council sanctioning the disjunction of 
the instruction of the high class from the Principalship, 
and the appointment of a fourth Regent — as inducements 
for Mr. William Forbes to accept the Principalship. ist 
March, 1620 186 

XXVI. Minute of Town Council sanctioning the appointment 
of Dr. Patrick Dun to the Principalship, and assigning 
him a stipend of 300 merks (from Chalmerlane's mortifica- 
tion and the superplus of Liddell's), subject to the pay- 
ment of a salary to the fourth Regent, nth July, 1621 . 187 



XIV 



CONTENTS. [1656. 



XXVII. Minute of Town Council agreeing, in view of a promise 
by Mr. William Guild, minister of King-Edward, that 
he will mortify a house for an entrance to the College, to 
build the said entrance and a stationer's shop thereat. 

nth June, 1623 189 

XXVIII. Charter by William, sixth Earl Marischal, ratifying 
his father's erection of a Gymnasium, and mortification 
thereto of the lands of the Black and of the White Friars; 
but specially excepting the lands of the chaplainries of 
Bervy and Cowy. Fetteresso, 7th October, 1623 . . igo 

XXVII la. Abstract of the foregoing 194 

XXIX. Extract from Will of Thomas Reid, Latin Secretary to 
James I., bequeathing to the town of Aberdeen, for behoof 
of the College, his library, and 6000 merks to maintain a 
librarian : Mr. Robert Downy, the testator's nephew, 

to have the offer of the librarianship. 19th May, 1624 • ^94 
Note on the early College Librarians 200 

XXX. Minute of Town Council referring to Will of David 
Chalmer, cordiner, bequeathing 3^100 equally between the 

Kirk and the College of Aberdeen. 26th May, 1624 . 205 

XXXI. (i) Extract from Will of Alexander Irving of Drum, be- 
queathing to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, inter alia, 
£10,000 Scots, to found four Grammar School bursaries 
of £80 each, four Philosophy bursaries of £100 each, and 
two Divinity bursaries of 200 merks each — all tenable for 

four years. Kellie in Angus, 26th December, 1629 . . 207 
(2) Deed by Sir Alexander Irving, Knt., referring to the 
mortification by his father, the refusal by the Council to 
accept the money on the conditions laid down by the will, 
and the decree (of 27th February, 1633) by the Lords of 
Session enjoining the said Sir Alexander to retain the sum 
mortified free of interest until Whitsunday, 1640, and 
thereafter to procure land yielding annually the requisite 
£1000 Scots ; and destinating for the purposes of the 
mortification the lands of Kinmuck and Richarcharie. 
Drum, I2th April, 1656 210 



1 64 1.] CONTENTS. XV 

PAGE 

XXXII. Minute of Town Council sanctioning transference of the 
Kirk Library to the College, and the erection of shelves 

for its reception. 25th January, 1632 .... 218 

XXXIII. Minutes of Town Council referring to bequest to the 
College by William Jamesone, Writer, Edinburgh, of his 
mathematical instruments and books. 5th September, 
1632; 23rd January, 1633 . . . . . . 221 

XXXIV. Charter by Mr. William Guild, one of the ministers of 
the burgh, granting to the Provost, Baillies, and Council 
a house in the Broadgate for an entrance to the College. 

nth March, 1633 , 223 

XXXIV«. Abstract of the foregoing 225 

XXXV. Minute of Town Council embodying letter from Dr. 
Alexander Reid, London, to the Provost and Baillies, 
intimating a donation of ^^'no sterling towards the 
maintenance of two or three poor scholars, with pre- 
ference to his own kindred. Letters dated London, 4th 
October, 1633 ; Minute, 6th November, 1633. . . 226 

XXXVI. Minute of Town Council, granting a backhouse, pre- 
viously occupied by Dr. WiUiam Forbes, now Bishop of 
Edinburgh, to serve as chambers for students, on condition 
that the College renounce all claim to the Grayfriars Kirk. 

nth December, 1633 230 

XXXVII. Minute of Town Council referring to mortification of 
2000 merks Scots by Principal Dun towards the repara- 
tion of the College, damaged by fire. 4th December, 

1639 231 

XXXVIII. Will of Dr. Alexander Reid, London, bequeathing, 
inter alia, £100 sterling to augment the salaries of the 
Regents, and his books of divinity and philosophy to the 
College Library. London, ist February, 16^^ . . . 234 

XXXIX. Rental of the College. 1640 [?] 236 

XL. Minute of Town Council, referring to mortification by 

Barbara Forbes, relict of WilHam Johnstone, Professor 
of Mathematics, of her husband's books and instruments, 
for the use of students. 17th February, 1641 . . • 246 



» 



Xvi CONTENTS. [1642. 

PAGE 

XLI. Will of Sir Thomas Crombie of Kemnay, Knt., appointing 
the sale after his death of the lands of Kemnay and 
Cragerne, and bequeathing from the price thereof to the 
Provost, Baillies, and Council, 10,000 merks Scots to found 
eight bursaries of 100 merks each, tenable for four years, 
and 10,000 merks, the interest thereof to augment the 
stipends of the Principal and Regents. Kemnay, 5th 
July, 1640 248 

XLI I. Charter under the great seal, by King Charles I., setting 
forth his desire to apply part of the revenues of the 
abolished bishoprics towards the maintenance of Uni- 
versities; the appointment of a Commission to enquire 
into state of the Aberdeen Colleges, and the report 
thereby in favour of a yearly grant of ^f 500 sterling ; 
uniting the said Colleges into one University to be 
called King Charles' University ; and mortifying there- 
to (in the proportion of two thirds to the old College 
and one third to the new) all the revenues of the late 
Bishopric of Aberdeen ; one third of the share of the 
old College to be applied at first to the repair of the 
College and the supply of a competent library ; under 
reservation of a payment of ;£"2253 Scots to Mr. James 
Sandilands, Commissary of Aberdeen. Holyrood House, 
8th November, 1641 255 

XLIIa. Abstract of the foregoing ...... 260 

XLIII. Act of Scots Parliament ratifying the foregoing, under 
reservation to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, of 
the teinds and patronage of the Kirk of St. Nicholas, 
and to the Earls Marischal of the presentation of the 
Principal and Regents in the Marischal College. 17th 
November, 1641 261 

XLIV. Minute of Town Council granting 400 merks for the 
repair of the College, and instituting a weekly lesson in 
Hebrew. 23rd November, 1642 ..... 264 

XLV. Minute of Town Council instituting a lesson in Arithmetic. 

2ist December, 1642 264 



i65i.] 



CONTENTS. 



XVll 



XLVI. Act oi Scots Parliament repealing an Act of nth June, 
1640 (which enacted that those holding Bishopric lands 
should not be in mora for non-payment of duties from 
ist April, 1638), and directing the payment of duties 
formerly exigible by Bishops, &c., to the Universities and 
towns of St. Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen, and Edin- 
burgh, conform to the several mortifications thereto. 
23rd July, 1644 265 

XLVI I. Discharge by the Principal and Masters to Alexander 
Alexander, Executor under will of John Strachan, Minister 
of Bishoptoune in Sussex, bequeathing residue of his 
estate to the College ; amount remaining not exceeding 
;^8o Scots. Will dated 18th September, 1648 ; and 
Discharge, i6th June, 1676 266 

XLVIII. Extract from College Accounts intimating revival by 
the Principal and Regents of the office of Humanist, with 
a yearly stipend of 200 merks, increased afterwards to 
300, 400, and 500 merks. 1650-53 269 

XLIX. Letter from William Ross conveying Extract from Will 
of his brother, Dr. Alexander Ross, bequeathing to the 
Senate of Aberdeen ;^200 sterling, to found two bursaries. 
Will dated 21st February, 1653 272 

L. Ordinance by the Lord Protector, confirming the grant to the 
University of Aberdeen of the property of the Bishopric ; 
and adding a further yearly sum of 200 merks sterling from 
the Customs of Aberdeen — two thirds to the New Town, 
one third to the Old Town College — for the augmentation 
of the stipends of the Principals and Masters. 8th 
August, 1654 276 

LL (i) Letter from the Commissioners of Customs to the Col- 
lector at Aberdeen authorising payment of the sums 
granted by the foregoing. Leith, 2nd September, 1654 • 278 
(2) Order from Privy Council anent said payment. Edin- 
burgh, 27th February, 165I 279 

LII. (i) Deed by Gift of Dr. William Guild of Miltoun of Murt- 
hill, mortifying to the Master of Hospital, Deacon, Con- 

c 



xviii CONTENTS. [1659. 

PAGE 

vener, and other Deacons of the Crafts of Aberdeen, 5000 
merks Scots, or at the option of his heirs a house in the 
Castlegate, to found three bursaries for craftsmen's sons — 
under supervision of the eldest minister of Aberdeen. 
Aberdeen, 15th September, 1655 . . - . . 280 
(2) Disposition by Christine and Margaret Guild, sisters 
to late Dr. William Guild, conveying to the Master of 
Hospital, &c., the foresaid house in terms of Dr. Guild's 
Mortification. Aberdeen, 9th February, 1663 . . . 282 

LIII. Minute of Town Council referring to bequest by Dr. Robert 

Dun of his books to the College, gth December, 1657 . 286 

LIV. Charter, under the great seal, by the Lord Protector, 
confirming the provisions of the Ordinance of 8th August, 
1654 (No. L.). Edinburgh, i8th June, 1658 . . .287 

LV. Will of William Ross of Rossyle, bequeathing, inter alia, 
two-thirds of his estate to the University of Aberdeen, to 
found bursaries for students bearing the name of Ross — 
four in philosophy of 200 merks for four years, and four 
in divinity of 300 merks for four years. Preston, 25th 
January, 1659 291 

LVI. Disposition by Catherine Rolland, widow of Dr. William 
Guild, setting forth her late husband's approval of her 
design to mortify, for pious uses, the lands of Miltoun of 
Murtle, and his disposition to her for a like purpose of the 
lands of Ardfork and Kilblain, held by him in wadset ; 
and mortifying to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, the 
Principal of the College, and the heir male of the 
mortifier's nephew, James Rolland (as trustees) the 
said lands of Murtle, Ardfork, and Kilblain, to found, 
inter alia, four College bursaries in philosophy, for de- 
cayed burgesses of guild's sons. Each to receive 10 bolls 
victual, or money equivalent, yearly for four years ; 4 
bolls at his laureation, and thereafter ^^20 yearly for two 
years if he study divinity — the mortifier's nearest of kin 
to have the preference ; also (in lieu of 1000 merks be- 
queathed by Dr. Guild) two bursaries for honest husband- 



1 677-] CONTENTS. xix 

PAGE 

men's sons of the parish of King Edward — each to receive 
9 bolls at Grammar School or College (or — at option of 
the minister and elders of King Edward — this to be de- 
voted to poor of parish). Aberdeen, gth December, 1659 • 294 

LVII. Extract from College Accounts referring to subscriptions 
obtained at Eton, Cambridge, and Oxford towards build- 
ing new Public School. 1659-60 ..... 304 

LVIII. Act of Scots Parliament confirming erection by Earl 
Marischal, and Act of Ratification of 21st July, 1593 (No. 
VI.), and of new granting all privileges pertaining to any 
free College within the realm. 20th March, 1661 . . 306 

LIX. Act of Scots Parliament rescinding, intey alia, the Act of 

17th November, 1641 (No. XLIIL). 28th March, 1661 . 308 

LX. Act of Scots Parliament assigning for a term of five years 
from 1664, towards the maintenance of the four Uni- 
versities, y^ per cent, on the revenues of the bishops and 
archbishops, and 6 per cent, on those of the lower 
clergy ; also the stipends of all vacant kirks for a term 
of seven years from 1664. nth October, 1663 . . 309 

LXI. Extract from Buik of Register referring to a gift of books 

by William Leslie of Balquhain. 1669 . . . .311 

LXI I. Act of Privy Council confirming to the University of 
Aberdeen the grant of vacant stipends in diocese of 
Aberdeen, and all benorth the same, for period 1664-71. 
23rd August, 1670 311 

LXIII. Act of Scots Parliament renewing to the Universities 
the grant of vacant stipends (the University of Aberdeen 
being assigned those within the dioceses of Aberdeen, 
Murray, Ross, and Caithness), for a term of seven 
years from 1672. loth September, 1672 . . . 313 

LXIV. Deed of gift by James Milne, elder, merchant, burgess of 
Aberdeen, mortifying to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, 
2500 merks Scots, to found two bursaries, with preference 
to kindred of mortifier and of his spouse, Elspet Donald- 
son, who shall be entitled to hold the bursaries for a fifth 
year. Aberdeen, 2nd June, 1677 ..... 316 



XX CONTENTS. [1685. 

PAGE 

LXV. Deed of gift by Robert Gumming, merchant in Elgin, 
mortifying to the Provost, Baillies, and Council goo 
merks Scots, to accumulate till it produce £^0 interest 
to be paid to a bursar, with preference to kindred of 
mortifier, failing whom to town's bairns. Pitmuxton, 
14th July, 1677 320 

LXVI. Obligation by Mr. John Buchan, Regent and Common 
Procurator of King's College, binding himself and his 
successors to make forthcoming at all times to the 
Masters and Members of Marischal College the writs 
and evidents relative to certain sums of money bequeathed 
to the two Colleges equally by Will of Mr. George 
Melville, Minister of Alford, for the maintenance of 
bursars, each to receive £40 Scots yearly. Will dated 
14th November, 1678 ; Obligation, 1682 .... 323 

LXVII. Instrument of Sasine on a house in the Broadgate, 
mortified for the use of the College by Patrick Chrystie, 
elder, merchant. 17th March, 1684 .... 326 

LXVIIfl. Abstract of the foregoing 327 

LXVIII. Instrument of Sasine on a house in the Castlegate, 
mortified to the College by William Maine, bowman, to 
found a bursary of 5^40 Scots for a student of the 
mortifier's kindred, and to augment the stipends of the 
Principal and Masters and help to maintain the fabric of 
the College. 30th October, 1685 328 

LXVIIIa. Abstract of the foregoing 330 

LXIX. Act of Scots Parliament assigning the vacant stipends, 
for the term 1685-go, of the diocese of Aberdeen, and the 
dioceses benorth the same, except that of Orkney, to the 
•uses of the Colleges of Aberdeen, and the upkeep of the 
bridges within the said dioceses. 22nd May, 1685 . . 330 

LXX. Draft Assignation, the Principal and Masters to Dr. 
Patrick Chalmers, conveying to him all right to the 
lands, &c., of Lentush, &c., adjudged to the assigners in 
satisfaction of a sum of 2000 merks Scots bequeathed to 
the College by Will of George Keith of Lentush, to help 



1695-] CONTENTS. xxi 

PAGE 

to educate two bursars. Will dated 6th June, 1685 5 
Assignation, 1708 331 

LXXI. Will of John Turner, merchant in Dantzic, enjoining 
his executors to purchase land in Scotland, to be 
burdened, inter alia, with payments of 200 merks yearly 
to any Regent in either College bearing the name of 
Turner ; and of 100 merks yearly to each of four scholars 
at Marischal College, two to be presented by the Magi- 
strates and Council, and two by the testator's heirs. 
Dantzic, 17th January, 1680 337 

LXXII. Disposition by Dr. Alexander Adam, Anstruther 
Wester, mortifying, inter alia, to the Principal and 
Masters of Marischal College, certain crofts of knd, to 
found two bursaries for students of mortifier's or his 
wife's kindred, or of names of Adam, Davidson, and 
Simpson. Anstruther Wester, loth August, 1691 . . 341 

LXXIII. Signature for a Charter by King William III. and 
Queen Mary, granting £"1200 sterling yearly to the 
Scottish Universities, for the maintenance in each of a 
Professor of Divinity *' from abroad," and ten bursars in 
Divinity " to goe abroad " in their third and last year. 
Kensington, 28th February, 169^ 346 

LXXIV. Charter, under the great seal, by King William III., 
referring to the foregoing signature, and setting forth the 
desirability of cancelling certain of its provisions, and of 
apportioning the grant ; and assigning ;^300 sterling to 
the University of Aberdeen, ,^40 for two bursars in 
Divinity, and (after payment of the debts of the Uni- 
versity) ;;^ioo for a second professor of Theology, and 
£160 for other eight bursars : patronage reserved to 
Crown. Kensington, 29th April, 1695 .... 348 

LXXIVa. Abstract of the foregoing 35^ 

LXXV. Act of Scots Parliament assigning to the College (till 
the next session), towards the expense of erecting new 
buildings, the vacant stipends of kirks whereof the Earl 
Marischal is patron. 17th July, 1695 .... 351 



xxii CONTENTS. [1700. 



PAGE 



Note on College Buildings of 1682-1712 .... 353 

LXXVI. Will of John Fraser, student of Divinity, bequeathing 
to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, 1000 merks Scots to 
found a bursary ; testator's nephew to be the first holder, 
and thereafter his kindred and those bearing the name of 
Fraser to be preferred. 01dAberdeen,i8th September, 1695 361 

LXXVI I. Act of Scots Parliament, referring to recommendation 
(dated 20th August, 1696) by Commissioners of Visitation, 
renewing (for another session) the Act of 17th July, 1695 
(No. LXXV.), and extending the grant to kirks on Lord 
Kintore's lands. 28th August, 1696 .... 367 

LXXVI n. Extract from College Accounts referring to legacy of 

500 merks Scots by Dr. Patrick Sibbald. 1697 . . 369 

LXXIX. Act of Scots Parliament renewing (for another session) 
the Act of 28th August, 1696 (No. LXXVIL). 31st 
August, 1698 369 

LXXX. Letter, under the great seal, by King William III., 
referring to the signature of 28th February, 1693 (No. 
LXXIII.), the charter of 29th April, 1695 (No. LXXIV.), 
and a grant to King's College of ist March, 1698 ; and 
apportioning the ;f300 between the two Colleges, two- 
thirds to King's and one-third to Marischal. Kensington, 
30th November, 1699 371 

LXXXa. Abstract of the foregoing 374 

LXXXI. Extract from Buik of Register embodying excerpt from 
will of Alexander Galloway, elder, bequeathing to the 
Principal and Masters ;£"iooo Scots to found a bursary in 
Arts and Divinity. Aberdeen, 17th February, 1700 . . 378 

LXXXI I. Minute of Synod of Aberdeen granting 1000 merks 
Scots from the vacant stipend of the Professor of Divinity 
at King's College towards the formation of a Theological 
Library at Marischal College. 4th April, 1700 . . 380 

LXXXI 1 1. Letter of Presentation by William, ninth Earl 
Marischal, erecting a chair of Medicine, and appoint- 
ing Dr. Patrick Chalmers of Fedrett first professor. 8th 
August, 1700 . • 381 



I7I4.] 



CONTENTS. 



xxm 



LXXXIV. Minutes of Town Council authorising expenditure 
of money on books. 20th August, 1701. 9th October, 
1702 383 

LXXXV. Disposition by John Davidson, merchant, mortifying 
to the Principal and Masters, and the heirs male of 
George Davidson of Cairnbrogie, an annuity of 50 merks 
Scots, to found a bursary ; with preference to kindred of 
mortifier, or of his spouse, Christian Smith, failing whom, 
to those of names of Davidson or Smith. Said annuity to 
be uplifted from a tenement of land in the Broadgate. 
Aberdeen, 21st February, 1706 384 

LXXXVI. Act of Scots Parliament providing for perpetual 
maintenance of the four Universities. i6th January, 

1707 386 

LXXXVII. Act of British Parliament granting to each of 
Scottish Universities the right to receive a copy of 
every work registered at Stationers Hall. 1709 . . 387 

LXXXVIII. Act of Parliament granting to each of the Scottish 

Universities a " draw back" of duties on paper. 1711 . 391 

LXXXIX. Codicil to Will of Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, bequeathing, inter alia, an annuity of 1000 merks 
Scots, to found four philosophy bursaries of 150 merks, 
tenable for four years, and two divinity bursaries of 200 
merks, tenable for two years ; the laird of Leys, if of 
family of Burnet, to nominate, and the Principal and 
Regents to present. 24th October, 171 1 

XC. Letter under the privy seal by Queen Anne, granting £210 
yearly from the Civil List to the Principals and Masters 
of the two Colleges. 31st May, 1712 .... 

XCL Deed of gift by Gilbert Ramsay, Rector of Christ Church, 
Barbados, mortifjdng to the Principal and Masters of 
Marischal College ;^400 sterling, to found four bursaries. 
Sir Alexander Ramsay of Balmain to be patron, and pre- 
ference to be given to students of the name of Ramsay, 
whom failing, to natives of Birse. Barbados, 24th June, 
1714 396 



392 



395 



XXiv CONTENTS. [l73^- 

PAGE 

XCII. Letter under the privy seal by King George I. re- 
newing the portion of Anne's grant (No. XC.) relating 
to Marischal College, and sanctioning the application of 
the grant for the years 1716-17 to the purchase of instru- 
ments. 2ist May, 1718 ....... 401 

XCIII. Excerpt from Will of William Lorimer, London, be- 
queathing 3^120 sterling to the Magistrates and Council^ 
to found- a bursary, preference to be given to mortifier's 
kindred, whom failing, to Town's children. 4th January, 
1722 403 

XCIV. Excerpt from Will of Mr. Walter Denune, Minister at 
Golspie, bequeathing 1000 merks Scots to found a 
bursary. The presbyteries of Dornoch and Tain to be 
conjunct patrons, with consent of heirs of Hector Monro 
of Navarre, and preference to be given to mortifier's 
kindred, failing whom, to natives of Sutherlandshire and 
Ross-shire, nth November, 1725 ..... 407 

XCV. (i) Minute of Commissioners of Supply for Aberdeenshire 
sanctioning a grant in furtherance of the teaching of Ex- 
perimental Philosophy. 5th May, 1726 .... 408 
(2) Minute of Town Council sanctioning a grant for the 

same purpose. 27th September, 1726 .... 409 

XCVL Will of Gilbert Ramsay, Barbados, bequeathing, inter 
alia, to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, ;^iooo sterling 
to found a chair of Oriental Languages ; ;^200o for four 
divinity bursaries ; and 3^800 to augment the testator's 
Philosophy bursaries (No. XCL). Sir Alexander Ramsay 
of Balmain to be patron. 21st February, 1727 . . . 412 

XCVn. Letter under the privy seal by King George IL con- 
firming the grant (No. XCIL) by George L 9th April, 1729 416 

XCVin. Bond by William Christall, Master of Trades Hos- 
pital, for sum of 3^1000 Scots, mortified by John Moir, 
Rector of West Tinfield, Yorks, to the Deacon Convener, 
Seven Deacons, and Master of Trades Hospital, to found 
a bursary for tradesmen's sons, with preference to name 
of Moir. 7th August, 1736 417 



1768.] CONTENTS. 



XXV 



XCIX. Will of Charles Gordon, Vicar of Little Baddow, Essex, 
bequeathing, inter alia, £200 sterling to the Provost, 
Baillies, and Council, to found a bursary, with pre- 
ference to name of Gordon. Patronage to Duke of 
Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen, and Council alternately. 
8th June, 1737 419 

C. Minute of Town Council sanctioning application of a year's 
income of bursary funds under their charge to erection of 
new buildings. 12th October, 1737 . . . . . 423 
Note on College Buildings, 1737-41 . . . . . 425 

CI. Disposition by Margaret Gairden, relict of late James Skene, 
mortifying to the Principal and Masters a tenement in the 
Netherkirkgate to found a bursary, with preference to 
names of Gairden and Ross. Aberdeen, 7th February, 1738 427 

CII. Letter from William Montgomery, London, executor under 
Will of Rev. Alexander Smith, intimating bequest by 
latter to the College of ;£'ioo sterling, to found a bursary. 
Will dated 15th July, 1741 ; letter, 7th March, 174^ . 429 

Cin. Deed of gift by Thomas Forbes of Little Leighes, Essex, 
Clerk, mortifying to the Principal and Masters 2000 merks 
Scots to found a bursary, with preference to name of Forbes. 
Little Leighes, gth Februafy, 174^ 431 

CIV. Will of John Paterson, London, bequeathing, inter alia, to 
the Principal, ^^300 Bank annuities, to found a bursary, - 
with preference to testator's kindred, name of Paterson, 
and sons of Hammermen burgesses ; and jf 100 East 
India annuities to augment the salary of the Professor 
of Medicine. 6th August, 1762 433 

CV. Deed of trust by William Lorimer, Westminster, mortifying 
to the Provost, Magistrates, and Council, and the Principal 
and Masters, ;^200 sterling to found a bursary at the 
Grammar School and College, vwith preference to mor- 
tifier's kindred. 6th December, 1764 .... 434 

CVI. Deed of trust by John Gray, London, mortifying to the 
Principal and Professors ^^looo sterling to found two 
Mathematical bursaries. London, 19th December, 1768 440 



V 



XXVI 



CONTENTS. - [180I. 



CVII. Will of Alexander Cruden, London, bequeathing, inter 

■ alia, to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, £100 sterling 

to found a bursary, with preference to testator's kindred 

and names of Cruden and Pyper. Aberdeen, loth April, 

1770 444 

CVIII. Minute of Town Council granting ^^21 towards purchase 

of philosophical instruments. 26th September, 1770 . 447 

CIX. Minute of Town Council granting a site for an astronomical 

observatory. 3rd February, 1781 448 

ex. Minutes of Board of Trustees for Encouragement of Manu- 
factures in Scotland, granting ^^50 per annum for three 
years towards formation of collection of models of 
machines. 26th February and 5th March, 1783 . . 451 

CXI. Excerpt from Will of Sir William Fordyce, Knt., be- 
queathing his Medical Library to the College and 
j^iooo four per cents, to found a Lectureship in Agricul- 
tural Chemistry and Natural History. 24th December, 

1790 452 

CXn. Testamentary Deed and Codicils by Dr. John Lorimer, 
London, mortifying to the Provost, Baillies, and Council, 
5^200 to found two bursaries to be held by mortifier's 
kindred : any surplus to accumulate towards a bursary in 
Medicine. London, 1793-95 455 

CXin. Letters from William Ruddiman, London, remitting 

3^250 to found a bursary. 1794-1824 .... 459 

CXIV. Trust Disposition by Barbara Black, relict of Principal 
Blackwell, conveying to the Principal and Masters the 
lands of Pilmuir, for the endowment of a Professorship of 
Chemistry and the foundation of a Prize Discourse : any 
surplus to be divided among the Principal and Masters. 
Pilmuir, i8th May, 1793 461 

CXV. Deed of trust by David Mitchell, of Holloway Down, 
mortifying to the Principal and Masters ^^2000 three per 
cent, annuities to found six bursaries, with preference to 
names of Mitchell and Forbes, failing which, to natives 
of Aberdeen. London, 2nd April, 1801 .... 468 



I8l5.] CONTENTS. 



XXVll 



CXVI. Excerpt from Will and Codicils of John Henderson of 
Caskieben, bequeathing £1500 and 3^500 to found ten 
bursaries, with preference to name of Henderson : 
patronage to testator's heir-at-law. Caskieben, 1801-2 . 471 

CXVn. Testamentary Letter by Sir Alexander Ramsay Irvine 
of Balmain, Bart., bequeathing ;^iooo to augment Gilbert 
Ramsay's bursaries (Nos. XCI. and XCVL). Harlsey, 
I2th August, 1802 473 

CXVin. Letter from James Adams, London, intimating invest- 
ment of ;^225 to found a bursary for a student from 
Fordyce. King's Lynn, 1806 ...... 474 

CXIX. Will of John Mather, Madras, bequeathing, inter alia, 
to the Provost and Magistrates annuities of £^0 and £^0, 
to found six and eight bursaries, for students without 
restriction, and for students from Foveran and Fyvie. 
Fort St. George, i8th February, 1807 .... 475 

CXX. Will of Rev. James Stuart, bequeathing, inter alia, to the 
Magistrates ^Tiooo three per cents, for the better educa- 
tion of youth at Mar. Coll., with preference to name of 
Stewart. Newbury, 3rd May, 1809 .... 478 

CXXL Letter, under the privy seal, by King George HL, 
granting £337 annually from the Civil List to augment 
the salaries of the Principal and Professors. Carlton 
House, 17th October, 1812 481 

CXXn. Will of James Cruickshank, New Deer, bequeathing to 
the Principal and Professors ;^400 to found a bursary for 
a student of the name of Cruickshank, Top, or Tap. 
Toukshill, 14th December, 1813 . . . . . 483 

CXXHL Will of John Farquhar, Ishapore, bequeathing, inter 
alia, ;£'200 per annum to every Regent in Scotland, and 
founding Chairs of Mathematics and Astronomy in King's 
and Marischal Colleges. Calcutta, 7th March, 1814 . 485 

CXXIV. Supplementary Trust Deed by John Gordon of Murtle, 
enjoining his trustees to pay ^^50 per annum to a Lecturer 
on Practical Religion in Marischal College, and, if they 
see it advisable, the same sum for a like purpose in 
King's College, nth August, 1815 .... 487 



XXVl'ii CONTENTS. [183O. 

PAGE 

CXXV. Minute of the Society of Advocates in Aberdeen 
sanctioning the appointment of a Lecturer on Scots 
Law and Conveyancing. 2nd January, 1819 . . . 489 

CXXVI. Excerpt from Will of John Forbes of New, bequeathing 
;f 200 per annum Long Annuities to found eight bursaries 
at the two Universities, tenable by students of Arts or of 
Divinity. 2nd May, 1820 492 

CXXVII. Will of William Davidson, Bayswater, bequeathing to 
the Principal and Professors 3^600 four per cent, annuities 
to found two bursaries for students of the names of David- 
son, Knowles, Sim, Ramsay, Simpson, Leslie, Cooper, 
Collie, Thorn, Forbes, Gerard, or Gordon ; with pre- 
ference to testator's kindred. 24th June, 1825 . . 492 

CXXVI n. Excerpt from Will of George Hogg of Shannaburn, 
bequeathing to the Principal and Professors £300 to 
found a bursary, with preference to name of Hogg, which 
failing, to testator's kindred, ist June, 1826 . . . 494 

CXXIX. Excerpt from Will of Adam Martin, Piccadilly, be- 
queathing to the Provost, Principal, Professors, and 
Senior Minister, ^^looo to found three competition 
bursaries. 1829 495 

CXXX. Excerpt from Will of William Paterson, Nigg, be- 
queathing j^8o to augment John Paterson's endowment 
(No. CIV.). Nigg, 7th February, 1827 .... 495 

CXXXI. Codicil to Will of Alexander Scott, M.D., of Craib- 
stone, bequeathing ;£'500 to found a bursary, in patronage 
of Bishop of Aberdeen, for a student educating for the 
ministry of the Scotch Episcopal Church, with preference 
to a poor clergyman's son ; and ;£"5oo to found a bursary, 
in patronage of Presbytery of Strathbogie, for a native of 
Huntly or said Presbytery educating for ministry of 
Established Church of Scotland, with preference to a poor 
clergyman's son. Craibstone, 23rd December, 1830 . 497 

CXXXII. Deed of trust by George Clerihew, Aberdeen, 
enjoining his trustees to pay to the Principal and 
Professors ^^150 (being the amount of bursaries held by 



1856.] CONTENTS. xxix 

PAGE 

his four sons) to found a competition bursary. Aberdeen, 

3rd February, 1832 499 

CXXXIII. Commission, by King William IV., founding a Chair 
of Church History, endowing the same with £^0 per 
annum, and appointing Principal Daniel Dewar thereto. 
St. James's, 23rd February, 1833 500 

CXXXIV. Letter from the Treasury intimating appropriation of 
;£"! 5,000 towards rebuilding Marischal College. 28th 

June, 1834 502 

Note on College Buildings of 1836-45 503 

CXXXV. Excerpt from Will of Mrs. Josephine Booth or 
Launie, bequeathing to the Principal and Professors 
^500 to found two bursaries : with preference to name 
of Booth. loth December, 1834 5^5 

CXXXVL Act of Parliament repealing in part the provisions of 

No. LXXXVII. 20th August, 1836 . . . . 515 

CXXXVII. Excerpt from Will of James Kinloch, London, 
bequeathing to the College £1000 to found three 
bursaries. 29th August, 1836 520 

CXXXVIIL Letter by Queen Victoria founding a Chair of 

Humanity, ist May, 1839 •••,••• 520 

CXXXIX. Letters by Queen Victoria founding Chairs of Anatomy 

and of Surgery, nth October, 1839 - • • • • 524 

CXL. Excerpt from Will of Dr. William Boxill, bequeathing 
P^7oo three per cents to found a Mathematical bursary. 
i6th July, 1846 525 

CXLL Letter from Mrs. Ann Bruce intimating donation of £250 

to found a bursar5\ ist May, 1849 5^6 

CXLH. Minute of Town Council sanctioning annual grant of a 
gold medal to most distinguished graduate. 2nd September, 
1850 526 

CXLHL Letter from Dr. Francis Edmond intimating presenta- 
tion, by Miss Agnes Melvin, of late Dr. Melvin's Library, 
loth September, 1856 527 

CXLIV. Deed of Mortification by Dr. Alexander Henderson of 
Caskieben, conveying to the Principal and Professors 



XXX CONTENTS. [i860. 

PAGE 

3^1000 Bank of England Stock to found a Chair of 
Medical Logic and Medical Jurisprudence. 26th August, 

1857 529 

CXLV. Letter from Dr. Alexander Kilgour to the Lord Provost 
intimating gift of £'j$ 17s. to found a prize for Latin and 
Greek verse. 5th October, 1857 532 

CXLVI. Codicil to Deed of Settlement by Dr. Alexander Hen- 
derson of Caskieben bequeathing his books, &c., to the 
College Library. London, nth December, 1857 . . 533 

CXLVII. Excerpt from Will of Alexander Cowe, Surgeon, be- 
queathing £300 to found a bursary. Lonmay, loth May, 
1858 534 

CXLVin. Will of Rev. George Dingwall, Auchterless, be- 
queathing 3^500 to found a bursary, with preference to 
names of Dingwall and Fordyce, and to natives of 
parish of Auchterless or Presbytery of Turriff. Turriff, 
3rd June, 1858 ... - 534 

CXLIX. Minute of Senatus referring to gift of books by Sir 
John Forbes, M.D. (31st March, 1859). 5^^ April, 

1859 . 536 

CL. Three Letters from Dr. Neil Arnott, London, relating to 
his gift of ;^iooo to found a prize for distinction in 
Physics. 15th June, 1859 ; 30th October, 1866 ; ist 
February, 1869 537 

CLL Will of Dr. Robert Wilson, bequeathing his Library and 
objects of vertu to the University of Aberdeen, to be re- 
tained in Marischal College buildings ; also, the residue 
of his estate to defray expenses of a travelling scholar, 
and to found an archaeological museum. 15th May, 1862 541 

CLIL (i) Excerpt from Act 22 and 23 Vict., Cap. 83, enjoining 
Commissioners under the Act to fix a date for the Union 
of University and King's College, and Marischal College 

and University. 2nd August, 1858 547 

(2) Ordinance by said Commissioners fixing 15th Sep- 
tember, i860, as the date required. loth January, i860 548 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

George, fifth Earl Marischal,/rom the portrait after Jamesone, the 

property of the University of A berdeen Frontispiece 

TO FACE PAGE 

Arms of George, fifth Earl Marischal, from the painting by 
Alexander Dingwall Fordyce, Esq., of the heraldic ceiling 
formerly in the Public School of Marischal College . . i 

William, sixth Earl Marischal, /rom the portrait by Jamesone, the 

property of Major the Hon. Robert Baillie-Hamilton . . 190 

Thomas Reid, Secretary to James VI., from the portrait, the 

property of the University of A berdeen .... 194 

Principal Patrick Dun, from the portrait by Jamesone, the property 

of the Grammar School, Aberdeen ..... 231 



Er 




ARMS OF GEORGE, FIFTH EARL MARfSCHAL. 

From Heraldic Ceilinq erected circa 1682. 

(See page 118). 



^HOW a:»B « CO ..TMlIf 



RECORDS OF MARISCHAL COLLEGE 

AND UNIVERSITY. 

I. 

King James VI. grants to George, fifth Earl Marischal^ in liferent, and to his son 
William in fee, inter alia, the possessions of the Preaching or Black 
Friars and of the Carmelite or White Friars of Aberdeen, resigned by the 
said George for new infeftment. 26th September, 1592.* 

Jacobus Dei gratia Rex Scotorum omnibus probis hominibus totius 
terre sue clericis et laicis salutem Sciatis nos nunc post nostram 
perfectam et legitimam etatem viginti quinque annorum completam 
et postremam nostram generalem reuocationem dedisse concessisse 
et disposuisse ac hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse tenoreqiie 
eiusdem dare concedere et disponere ac hac presenti carta nostra 
confirmare predilecto nostro consanguineo et consiliario Georgio 
Mariscalli Comiti domino Keith etc in vitali redditu pro omnibus 
vite sue diebus ac Willelmo Keith suo filio legitimo primo genito 
in feodo et hereditate suisque heredibus masculis de corpore suo 
legitime procreandis quibus deficientibus prefato nostro predilecto 
consanguineo et consiliario Georgio Mariscalli comiti suisque here- 
dibus masculis de corpore suo proprio legitime procreatis seu pro- 
creandis libere ac hereditarie iterum reuersuri quibus deficientibus 
nostro consanguineo Roberto domino de Altrie suisque heredibus 
masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis seu procreandis quibus 
deficientibus Joanni Keith feoditario de Trowpe suisque heredibus 

* A portion of this grant deals with properties other than those afterwards belonging 
to Marischal College, but as the charter is of considerable local interest and has not hitherto 
been printed, it is thought desirable to give it entire. See English abstract, page 31. 

A 



2 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [lS92. 

masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis seu procreandis quibus 
deficientibus Joanni Keith de Ravynniscraig suisque heredibus mas- 
culis de corpore suo legitime procreatis seu procreandis quibus omnibus 
deficientibus prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario 
Georgio Mariscalli comiti suisque legitimis et propinquioribus here- 
dibus masculis et assignatis quibuscunque arma et cognomen de Keith 
gerentibus omnes et singulas terras dominia baronias annuos redditus 
decimas ac alias particulariter subtuspecificatas viz Totas et integras 
terras dominium et baroniam de Altrie specialiter in se compre- 
hendentem omnes et singulas terras dominia baronias molendina 
piscarias silvas parcas forrestas mansiones maneries decimas garbales 
aliasque decimas firmas annuos redditus census canas custumas 
deuorias cum tenentibus tenandriis libera tenentium seruitiis pomariis 
hortis et aliis proficuis juribus et emolumentis ab antiquo ad 
monasterium et patrimonium de Deir spectantes seu juste spectare 
valentes et de quibus abbates et conuentus eiusdem vllo tempore 
preterito in possessione fuerunt videlicet maneriem de Deir ab antiquo 
monasterium de Deir nuncupatum cum omnibus et singulis domibus 
edificiis pomariis hortis et singulis suis pertinentiis jacentibus infra 
clausuram et precinctum dicti loci cum terris dominicalibus lie Cuthill 
nuncupatis terris de Clerkhill terris de Quairtelhous ac molendino 
fullonis earundem molendinum de Creichie cum terris molendinariis 
multuris et sequelis eiusdem terras de Dennis terras de Mekill 
Auchrydie terris [sic] de Awchmwmgell terras de Carnebarroch cum 
molendinis et multuris earundem terras de Lyttill Auchryddie terras 
de Craigmylne cum molendino terris molendinariis multuris et sequelis 
earundem terras de Glenkriach terras de Lyttill Elrig terras de Auld- 
mad cum molendino terris molendinariis et multuris earundem teiTas 
de Badforsky cum molendino terris molendinariis multuris et sequelis 
earundem terras de Auchlek terras de Aucherb terras de Ciyalie 
terras de Skyllimarno terras de Auchmacher terras de Altre terras 
de Byffie lie Raw de Byffie et lie Parkhous de Byffie terras de 
Brinthill molendinum de Bruxie cum multuris eiusdem cum nouo 
molendino de Bruxie super aqua de Innerugie stante terras de 
Scroghill terras de Kirktoun de Deir terras de Benwallis terras de 
Mekill Elrik cum molendino terris molendinariis multuris et sequelis 
earundem terras de Fechill terras de Monkhill terras de Grange de 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 3 

Rahill lie Fischertoun de Peiterheid cum portubus anchoragiis et 
piscariis eiusdem terras de Kaikinsche terras de Monkisholme terras 
de Oviralterlandis de Foverne terras de Nethir Alterlandis de Foverne 
vnum annuum redditum trium librarum sex solidorum et octo denari- 
orum annuatim leuandum de Tulloch vnum annuum redditum triginta 
trium solidorum quatuor denariorum annuatim leuandum de Toukis 
, vnum annuum redditum quadraginta solidorum annuatim leuandum de 
Sauchoipe de Kynmondie omnia et singula tenementa et domos 
jacentes infra burgum nostrum de Abirdene ab antiquo ad dictum 
monasterium de Deir et patrimonium eiusdem spectantes totam et 
integram salmonum piscariam de Innervigie in aqua salsa et recenti 
molendinum monasterii de Deir infra parietes dicti monasterii lie 
Kirktoun de Deir omnes jacentes infra vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Abirdene terras de Barrie jacentes infra vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Banff cum tenentibus tenandriis feudifirme firmis libere tenentium 
seruitiis juribus et priuilegiis earundem quibuscunque cum omnibus 
et singulis decimis garbalibus aliisque decimis proficuis et emolumentis 
omnium et singularum ecclesiarum parochialium de Deir Petervgie 
Foverne et Kynedwarde et singularum terrarum infra parochias eius- 
dem situatarum omnes jacentes infra vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Abirdene et diocesim eiusdem ab antiquo dicto monasterio vnitas et 
annexatas ac vnam partem patrimonii eiusdem existentis cum 
omnibus juribus privilegiis et pertinentiis quibuscunque ad eiusdem {sic] 
spectantibus seu juste spectare valentibus Vnacum portu et burgo 
baronie de Keitinsche alias Kaikinsche cum pecuniis portuariis vulgo 
lie hevin siluer paruis custumis anchoragiis deuoriis et casualitatibus 
ad eiusdem [sic] spectantibus et singulis suis pertinentiis ac cum 
aduocatione donatione et jure patronatus omnium et singularum 
rectoriarum predictarum ecclesiarum parochialium de Deir Petervgie 
Foverne Kynedward omnes perprius ad predictum dominium et 
baroniam de Altre vnitas et annexatas Necnon omnes et singulas 
terras temporales* de Dunotter et Fedderresso terras de Clerkinscheillis 
terras de Tulliequhillie Malamuk et croftas in Banchirie omnes 
jacentes infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Kincardin tertiam partem 
molendini vulgo lie Schirrefmylne nuncupati cum multuris eiusdem 

* "Templarias," in Registrum Secrcti Sigilli., Ixiv. 14. 



4 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

jacentis infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Elgin et Forres cum partibus 
pendiculis annexis connexis lie outsettis molendinis siluis piscariis 
tenentibus tenandriis et libere tenentium seruitiis omnium et singu- 
larum predictarum terrarum cum pertinentiis Acetiam omnes et 
singulas terras croftas tenementa domos edificia hortos acras annuos 
redditus ac alia particulariter subtusspecificata olim fratribus pre- 
dicatoribus et Carmelitanis vulgo lie blak and quhite freiris burgi 
nostri de Aberdene spectantes et pertinentes viz Croftam terre 
lie Yaird croft nuncupatam jacentem inter terras adami mar 
et croft ex orientali lie womanishill ex occidental domum 

gilberti andersoun lie blakfreiris mainis et kirk nuncupatam ex 
australi lacum ex boreali partibus Croftam terre nuncupatam 
the Sow croft jacentem inter publicam viam nostram ex orientali 
dennyburne ex occidentali croftam georgii harrowis ex australi et 
publicam viam nostram ex boreali partibus Croftam terre lie Craig- 
well croft nuncupatam jacentem inter croftam magistri gilberti bissat 
ex orientali croftam terre georgii watsoune ex occidentali croftam 
andree dunneis ex australi publicam viam nostram ex boreali partibus * 
Croftas terrarum lie Cwnnyngharolleis nuncupatas per patricium gray 
seniorem et joannem dortie eius subtenentem pro presenti occupatas 
jacentes in orientali territorio de abirdene inter terras cunicularias 
vulgo lie lynkis ex australi et orientali partibus croftas dauidis 
men3eis senioris lie gallowhillis nuncupatas ex boreali partibus t 
Tres rigas terrarum jacentes extra lie Crabstane inter lie heidriggis 
ex orientali croftam nuncupatam alexander leithis croft ex occidentali 

* See in Mar, Coll. Charter Chest :— 

Mass X., No. 21. Sasine, John Myrtoun, burgess, to Sir Thomas Myrtoun, Archdeacon 
of Aberdeen, of, inter alia, " dimedietatem occidentalem unius crofti vulgariter 
vocati the CragAvel croft in territorio croftorum de Rubbislaw . . . inter 
croftum georgii bissat ex orientali ex vna et croftum joannis collisone ex 
occidentali partibus ab altera et croftum fratrum carmelitanorum ex australi et 
communem viam regiam versus boream". 12th May, 1528. 
■ Ibid., No. 15. Charter of the same, Sir Thomas Myrtoun to the Black Friars. 17th 
October, 1528. 

+ Ibid., No. 13. Charter, Elizabeth, daughter of late Adam Kymmeson, to John 
Curvour of Banfe and Mariota his spouse, of "illam dimedietatem terrarum 
et croftorum meorum de le Cuningar hillis Jacentem infra libertatem et terram 
dicti burgi de Aberdene". 15th May, 1481. 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 5 

publicam viam nostram ex australi et croftam georgii watsoune ex 
boreali partibus * Croftam terre nuncupatam Fill the Cop per 
agnetem men3eis et gilbertum falconer eius subtenentem pro pre- 
sent! occupatam jacentem in orientali territorio de abirdene inter 
croftam alexandri culane ex australi croftam joannis irving de kin- 
cowsie etiam lie fil the cop nuncupatam ex boreali lie futheis myre 
ex orientali et nostram communem viam ex occidental! partibus t 
Aliam rigam terre per dictam agnetem et eius subtenentem ante- 
dictum occupatam jacentem apud lie Gallowgaitheid inter croftam 
quondam magistri roberti lumsdene ex australi terram quondam andree 
murray ex boreali lie breidfuird ex occidental! et nostram communem 
viam ex orientali partibus Duas rigas terrarum in lie Fluris jacentes 
inter lie Gallowhillis ex orientali publicam viam nostram ex occidental! 
croftas alexandri malysoun ex australi et croftam olim gilberto kyntor 
spectantem ex boreali partibus Rigam terre lie Barbouris croft 
nuncupatam jacentem inter publicam nostram viam ex orientali 
lie crukit myre ex occidental! croftas magistri georgii lumsdene ex 
australi et croftam alexandri rutherfurde ex boreali partibus Rigam 
terre jacentem inter communes cunicularias lie commoun lynkis 
ex orientali terras willelm! vmphray ex occidental! garrakis wynde 
ex australi et croftam alexandri culane ex boreali partibus Aliam 
rigam terre jacentem in territorio de Futhie per gilbertum blak de 
present! occupatam jacentem inter terras diet! gilbert! blak heredibus 
quondam andree mar spectantes ex boreali terras heredum quondam 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 
■' Mass X., No. 21. Sasine, as above, of, intcY alia, " [dimedietatem] alterius viz 
duas ly riggis jacentes apud Crabbistane inter croftam johannis mar ex orientali 
ex vna et croftum georgii bissat ex occidentali partibus ab altera croftum fratrum 
carmelitarum versus boream et communem viam regiam qua itur ad pontem 
dee fluminis versus austrum Et dimedietatem alterius viz ane rig jacentem apud 
predictum lapidem vulgariter vocatum the crabbistane inter croftum andree murray 
ex orientali et croftum georgii bissat ex occidentali partibus ab altera communem 
viam regiam versus austrum et croftam johannis Murray versus boream". i2th 
May, 1528. 

Ibid., No. 15. Charter, as above. Compare the description of the White Friars' 
Three Butts, occupied by Janet Ailhous, infra, pp. 15-6. 

t Mass. i.. No. 5. Charter, by King James III., confirming to the Black Friars, inter 
alia, the croft of Fyl the Cop. 30th September, 1477 {Reg. Mag. Sig., vol. ii., 

p. 266). 



6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

gilberti gray ex australi He furde mark ex occidentali et communes cuni- 
cularias lie commoun lynkis ex orientali partibus * Vnam rigam terre 
prope lie Gallowgaitheid jacentem inter lie gallowgaithillis ex orientali 
publicam viam nostram ex occidentali croftam andree jak ex australi 
et croftam alexandri malysoune ex boreali partibus t Croftam terre 
lie Incroft nuncupatam infra parietes lapideas per jacobum men3eis 
et eius subtenentes pro presenti occupatam jacentem in lie scuilhill 
inter locum dictorum fratrum predicatorum per gilbertum andersoun 
nunc occupatum ex orientali lie womanehill ex occidentali communem 
lacum ex boreali et publicam viam nostram exeuntem ad lie 
womanehill ex australi partibus Croftam terre lie Sowcroft 
[Foircroft ? J] nuncupatam jacentem prope gymnasium gramma- 
ticale per alexandrum chalmer et eius subtenentes pro presenti 
occupatam inter terras quondam georgii bisset ex australi nostras 
communes vias ex orientali et boreali partibus et lie den burne ex 
occidentali Longam rigam terre per alexandrum malysoune pro 
presenti occupatam jacentem in boreali territorio de abirdene inter 
rigam terre domino de garthlie olim spectantem nunc joanni johnnes- 
toun pertinentem ex boreali vnam croftam terre prefato alexandro 
malysoune spectantem et communem viam nostram ex occidentali 
partibus Croftam terre lie Pringill croft nuncupatam per alexandrum 
joifray et suos subtenentes pro presenti occupatam jacentem in occiden- 

• Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass. ix., No. 23. Charter, Alexander Fynne to William Lioune, of, inter alia, " vnam 
terram vastam cum le rig eidem adiacenti cum pertinentiis jacentem in vico 
furcarum extra portam ex occidentali parte vie qua itur ad canoniam aberdonen- 
sem inter terram joannis more ex australi ex vna et terram quondam alexandri 
rollande ex boreali partibus ab altera communem viam regiam versus occidens 
exfendentem in longitudine ad le gallow hillis versus oriens ". 28th April, 
1518. 

Ibid., No. 24. Sasine on the same lands (John More and Gilbert Kintor on south ; 
Thomas Euing and Gilbert Malyson on north), William Lyowne of Colmalegy to 
White Friars. 24th January, 155*. 

+ Ibid., No. 23. Charter, Alexander Fynne to William Lioune, of, inter alia, 
"vnam terram jacentem in Futy inter terram johannis cullane ex boreali ex vna 
et terram willelmi watt ex australi partibus ab altera maris fluxum versus 
occidens et le linx versus oriens", 28th April, 1518. 

J See p. 92. Also confirmed by King James III.'s Charter, 1477. 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 7 

tali territorio croftarum de aberdene inter croftam quondam gilberti 
gray ex australi croftam quondam gilberti collestoune ex boreali 
partibus croftam quondam joannis andersoun ex orientali et terras de 
rubbislaw ex occidentali partibus * Duas paruas croftas terrarum 
jacentes insimul et contigue infra predictum occidentale territorium 
inter croftam collegii de abirdene ex orientali croftam quondam georgii 
watsoune ex occidentali lie crawstane [sic] ex australi et communem 
viam nostram ex boreali partibus Longam rigam terre per quondam 
magistrum gilbertum bissat occupatam olim jacentem infra dictum 
occidentale territorium de aberdene inter lie langlandis fratribus 
carmelitanis de aberdene spectantes ex occidentali lie doucat bray 
ex orientali et viam exeundi ad crawstane ex australi partibus Octo 
rudas terrarum jacentes infra territorium ville de Kyntor per joannem 
leslie in Kintor pro presenti occupatas quarum quatuor rude iacent in 
boreali territorio dicte ville de Kyntor inter terras heredum quondam 
alexandri keith in auquhorsk ex boreali et ex australi partibus terras 
alexandri chalmer de balnacraig ex orientali et nostram communem 
viam ex occidentali partibus alias duas rudas earundem jacentes in 
dicto boreali territorio de Kyntor inter terras heredum dicti quondam 
alexandri keith ex occidentali et australi partibus terras joannis chalmer 
in fintrie ex occidentali [sic] et terras altaris sancte crucis ex orien- 
tali et alias duas rudas earundem jacentes in australi territorio de Kintor 
inter terras olim patricii andersoun et nunc joanni gordoun de glasgow 
forrest spectantes dk orientali terras olim andree scherare et nunc 
dicto mariscalli comiti spectantes ex occidentali communem moram 
nostram ex australi et communem viam nostram ex boreali partibust 
Totam et integram maneriem cum domibus edificiis hortis 
pomariis vstrinis horreis columbariis ac aliis domibus dictorum 
fratrum predicatorum de aberdene per gilbertum andersoun pro 
presenti occupatam jacentem in lie schuilhill inter gymnasium gram- 

* See description of same croft among White Friars' properties, p. 15, 

t See Inventory of Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. : — 

Mass xvii., No. 9. Charter, John de Keth to the Black Friars, of his crofts in 

Kintore. 4th September, 1397. 
Ibid., No. 4. Charter, Robert de Camera to the Black Friars, of his four crofts in 

Kintore. 2nd May, 1398. 
Both these deeds are now missing, but see Kennedy's Annals, ii. 70-1. 



8 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

maticale ex orientali croftam terre dictorum fratrum predicatorum ex 
occidentali vnam publicam viam ex australi et lacum ex boreali 
partibus Vnacum omnibus et singulis aliis terris croftis acris domibus 
edificiis et singulis suis pertinentiis ac cum specialibus et particulari- 
bus annuls redditibus inferius specificatis dictis fratribus predicatoribus 
spectantibus et pertinentibus viz Vnum annuum redditum decem 
librarum de terris dominicalibus vulgo lie mainis de Donotter cum 
pertinentiis annuatim leuandum jacentibus infra vicecomitatum nostrum 
de Kyncardyne * Vnum annuum redditum sex librarum tredecem 
sollidorum et quatuor denariorum de terris de Banchorie et devynnyk 
annuatim leuandum jacentibus infra dictum nostrum vicecomitatum 
de Kyncardyne t Vnum annuum redditum decem librarum annuatim 
leuandum de terris de Fuddeis jacentibus infra vicecomitatum de 
Abirdene X Vnum annuum redditum sex librarum tredecem solidorum 
et quatuor denariorum annuatim de terris de New Leslie leuandum 
jacentibus infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdene § Vnum annuum 
redditum quatuor librarum annuatim de terris de Creichie leuandum 
jacentibus infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrun de Abirdene. Vnum 
annuum redditum quadraginta solidorum annuatim de terris de 

domino de petcapel spectantibus leuandum jacentibus infra 

• Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass i., No. i6. Charter, William, third Earl Marischal to the Black Friars, of an 
annuity of ten pounds from the lands of Dunottar. 22nd August, 15 10. 

Ibid., No. 17. Precept of Sasine. I of same date. 

IbiJ., No. 18. Instrument of Sasine. J 

+ Ibid,, No. 5. Charter by King James III; confirming to the Black Friars, inter alia, a 
grant (20th January, 136^) by King David II. of one hundred shillings sterling 
from the Barony of Banchory Devenick. 30th September, 1477 (Cf. Reg. Mag. 
Sig., Vol. i., p. 25 ; ii., p. 266). 

t Ibid., No. 5. Charter by King James III., confirming to the Black Friars, inter alia, 
a grant by Master Richard Forbes, Dean of Aberdeen, of an annual rent of ten 
pounds Scots from the lands of Futhes. 30th September, 1477. (Cfl Reg. Mag. 
Sig., Vol. ii., pp. 241, 266.) 

Mass xviii., No. 3. Confirmation of Act of Lords of Session (15th June, 1552) anent 
same lands. 5th February, 155^. 

I Mass xiv., No. 3. Charter, Alexander Leslie de eodem, to the Black Friars of ten 

merks yearly from the lands of New Leslie. 21st October, 1524. 
Mass XX., No. 6. Sasine thereon. 24th October, 1524. 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 9 

dictum nostrum vicecomitatum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
quadraginta solidorum annuatim de terris de Synnaboth leuandum 
jacentibus infra dictum nostrum vicecomitatum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum quatuor librarum annuatim de terris de Creichman- 
nogate leuandum jacentibus infra dictum nostrum vicecomitatum de 
Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum quadraginta solidorum annuatim 
de terris de Ranystoun leuandum jacentibus infra dictum nostrum 
vicecomitatum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum viginti 
solidorum annuatim de terris de lye hillis de Dyce leuandum 
jacentibus infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdene * 
Vnum annuum redditum tredecem librarum sex solidorum et 
octo denariorum annuatim de terris de Lyttill Arnage leuandum 
jacentibus infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdene t 
Vnum annuum redditum triginta solidorum annuatim de terris de 
Bannacuthill leuandum jacentibus infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum 
de Abirdene t Vnum annuum redditum octo librarum annuatim de 
terris de Ardoyne in garreach leuandum jacentibus infra dictum 
vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdeine Vnum annuum redditum quad- 
raginta solidorum annuatim de terris de Birsmore leuandum jacentibus 
infra dictum vicecomitatum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
quadraginta solidorum annuatim de villa de Inverrwrie leuandum 
jacenti infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass xvlii., No. 6. Precept of Sasine, Alexander Johnston of that Ilk to the Black 
Friars of an annual rent of twenty shillings Scots from his lands of Woodland, 
Little Dyce, Corshill, Crag, Standing Stanes and Buchthill "jacentibus in 
foresta mea de Cordise infra vicecomitatum de Aberdene". 13th January, 

t Mass xiv., No. 8. Charter, William de Haya to his son, William de Haya, of the 

lands of Little Arnadge, &c. i8th October, 1457. 
Ibid., No. 4. Charter, William Hay of Ury to the White Friars of twenty merks 

yearly out of his lands of Little Arnadge. i6th March, I4|^, 
Ibid., No. 9. Charter, Master Gilbert Hay to Thomas Hay, son of late William 

Hay of Ury, of the lands of Little Arnadge, subject to the payment aforesaid. 

5th October, 1473. 
Ibid., No. 5. Precept of Sasine. 5th October, 1473.] 

J Mass xviii., No. 2. Precept of Sasine, Earl of Errol to the Black Friars, of an anuual 
rent of thirty shillings on the lands of Balmacuthill, 29th January, 145I. 

B 



lO MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

annuum redditum quadraginta solidorum annuatim de terris de 
Segyden leuandum jacentibus infra vicecomitatum nostrum de * 

Vnum annuum redditum quinque librarum sex solidorum et octo 
denariorum annuatim de terris de leuandum jacentibus 

infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Vnum annum redditum 

quadringinta solidorum annuatim de terris de Forg leuandum jacenti- 
bus infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Bamff t Vnum annuum redditum 
octo librarum de terris de domino de Lysk spectantibus leuan- 

dum jacentibus infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum de Abirdene 
Vnum annuum redditum viginti quatuor librarum annuatim de lie 
tolhous burgi nostri de Abirdene leuandum Vnum annuum red- 
ditum quatuor sollidorum annuatim de terra quondam joannis peiterkyn 
leuandum jacenti in lie gallowgait ex orientali parte eiusdem infra 
dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum quin- 
que solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam joannis litstar 
jacenti ex occidentali parte de lie gallowgait infra dictum nostrum 
burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum decem solidorum 
annuatim de terra quondam margarete kintore spectanti leuandum 
jacenti infra dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum 
redditum duodecem solidorum annuatim de terra quondam thome 
cargill spectanti leuandum jacenti ex occidentali parte de lie gallowgait 
infra dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch, :— 

Mass XV., No. i. Copy Charter, William de Kergill to the Black Friars of an annual 

rent of four pounds sterling from his lands of Segidene and Crechmond " in 

regalitate de Garviach ". Undated. 
Ibid., No. 2. Instrument anent annual rent from lands of Segedene. 14th 

April, 1467. 
Ibid., No. 3. Instrument anent annual rent from lands of Seggydene. 26th 

May, 1467. 
Ibid,, No. 4. Charter, Patrick Leslie to Black Friars, of annual rent of forty 

shillings from lands of Segyden. gth September, 1487. 
Ibid., No. II. Instrument of Sasine on last. 14th October, 1487. 
Ibid., No. 12. Confirmation, by Queen Mary, of Decreet (15th June, 1552), 

Black Friars against Alex. Leslie of Pitcaple, for annual rent of forty shillings 

from lands of Cremonth " infeft to thame be umquhile Williame Carngill ". 

5th February, 1553. 
Ibid., No. 5. Confirmation of do. by do. 14th April, 1556. 

+ Also confirmed to Black Friars by King James III.'s Charter of 1477. 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 



II 



viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatim de terra elizabethe 
leslie spectanti jacenti in occidentali parte de lie gallowgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum sex 
solidorum octo denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam 
patrici men3eis jacenti ex occidentali parte dicti lie gallowgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum sex 
solidorum octo denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra elizabethe 
annand spectanti jacenti ex occidentali parte de lie gallowgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum septem 
decem solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam allano putra 
spectanti jacenti ex dicta occidentali parte de lie gallowgait infra 
dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum duo- 
decem solidorum annuatim leuandum de terris magistro andree gray 
spectantibus jacentibus in lie nethir kirkgait infra dictum nostrum 
burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum sex solidorum octo 
denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra thome kay pistoris jacenti 
infra burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum quin- 
que solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam magistri roberti 
lummisdene jacenti ex orientali parte de lie gallowgait infra dictum 
nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum tredecem 
solidorum quatuor denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam 
mariorie gray jacenti in lie gaistraw infra dictum nostrum burgum de 
Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum quadraginta solidorum annuatim 
leuandum de terra quondam francisci chantoune jacenti in lie gaistraw 
infra dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
quadraginta solidorum annuatim de terra elizabethe annand jacenti in 
lie schaipraw infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum viginti solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra 
alexandri culane jacenti prope lie fleschous infra dictum burgum 
nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum septemdecem 
solidorum leuandum annuatim de terra quondam domini alexandri 
robesoun jacenti apud portum de futhie infra dictum nostrum 
burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum octo solidorum 
annuatim leuandum de terra quondam waited brechin jacenti apud 
lie keyheid infra dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum 
lannuum redditum sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatim 
euandum de terra quondam andree huntar jacenti in lie ouir 



12 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

kirkgait infra dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum viginti solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra 
domini de essilmounth jacenti in capite de lie ovirkirkgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
triginta sex solidorum annuatim leuandum de terris dauidis low 
jacentibus in lie castellgait ac lie kirkgait nethir infra dictum 
burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum quin- 
quaginta duorum solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra joannis 
andersoun in Innerrowrie Vnum annuum redditum sex soli- 
dorum octo denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra willelmi 
rannaldsoune jacenti infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene 
Vnum annuum redditum viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum 
annuatim leuandum de dimedia rete vulgo lie halffnet de lie raik de 
Abirdene* Vnum annuum redditum quinquaginta solidorum annuatim 
leuandum de crofta prope lie justice mylnes lie braidcroft nuncupata 
ad heredes quondam thome lindesay spectanti Vnum annuum red- 
ditum viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatim leuandum de 
molendinis vulgo lie justicemylnes nuncupatis gilberto men3eis pre- 
posito de Abirdene spectantibus * Vnum annuum redditum quadra- 
ginta solidorum annuatim leuandum de croftis perprius gilberto 
men3eis et nunc duncano donaldsoun seniori et joanni donaldsoun 
spectantibus jacentibus prope dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene 
Perprius ad predictos fratres predicatores de Abirdene spectantes et 
pertinentes vt premissum est Necnon omnes et singulas terras croftas 
tenementa domos edificia hortos acras annuos redditus ac alias parti- 
culariter subtuspecificatas olim dictis fratribus Carmelitanis vulgo 
lie quhite freiris de Abirdene spectantes viz Croftam terre lie 
Doucat croft nuncupatam jacentem inter croftam martini howe- 
soun ex orientali croftam lie langlands nuncupatam ex occidentali 
nostram publicam viam ex australi et croftam georgii watsoun ex 
boreali partibus Croftam terre lie Langlands et Cuttingis nuncupatam 
per joannem men3eis et suos subtenentes pro presenti occupatam 
jacentem in occidentali territorio croftarum de Abirdene viz dictum 
Langlands jacentem inter croftas quondam thome bisset ex occidentali 
croftam heredum quondam martini howysoun ex orientali lie suell 

• Confirmed to Black Friars by King James III.'s Charter of 1477. 



1592] GRANT OF friars' LANDS. I3 

et hauche de clayhillis ex australi et croftam nuncupatam the aucht 
rude quondam gilberto men3eis spectantem ex boreali partibus* 
Croftas terrarum lie Pynermwk [sic] Sowcroft et Hilcroft nuncupatas 
per magistrum robertum chalmer et suos subtenentes occupatas omnes 
jacentes contigue in occidentali territorio de Abirdene inter croftam 
sancti joannis euangeliste ex occidentali lie deneburne ex orientali 
lie ladywellcroft ex australi nostram publicam viam ex boreali partibus 
vnacum duabus paruis metis vulgo lie Buttis terrarum per jonetam 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Massi., No. 11. Charter, William Crab to the White Friars of, hiter a^a, "illud croftum 
quod dicitur ly Cuttinges iacens ad fines croftorum thome kynidy et quondam 
johannis crab quod habuit a johanne colini ex parte orientali et terras thome 
spryng et andree turyne ex parte occidentali Et illud croftum iacens in ripa 
de ly clayhillis ex orientali parte vie predicte tendentis versus ly clayhillis inter 
lacum de dee ex parte orientali et boreali et terram thome kynidy ex parte 
australi". 2nd December, 1399. 

Ibid., No. 12. Confirmation of last by Robert, Duke of Albany. 5th July, 1413. 
(Cf. Reg. Mag. Sig., Vol. i., p. 253.) 

Cf. also :— 

Mass X., No. 31. Charter, Colin, son of Adam, to John Crab, burgess, of "illas duas 
perticatas terre mee , cum pertinentiis jacentes in tenemento del Denburn ex 
boreali parte vie regie qua itur a riuulo del Denburn versus molendina jus- 
ticiarii inter terram mauricii clerici versus orientem ex parte vna et terram 
radulfi stut pistoris versus austrum ex parte altera et illas duas perticatas terre 
mee cum abbreviacione jacentes ex australi parte eiusdem vie regie inter 
terram predicti johannis crab versus orientem ex parte vna et terram dominicam 
filii galfridi sissoris versus occidentem ex parte altera ". ist March, 13^^. 

[Missing.] Charter, John Crab to White Friars, of annual rent of one merk sterling 
from lands in Gallowgate or in territory of the Denburn. 24th March, 13^^. 

Mass X., No. 27. Charter, Adam de Gardropa, laird of Rubbyslaw, to John Crab, of 
lands within his lordship of the Denburn, "cum perticata mea que dicitur le 
Stocrod". Friday after 14th September, 1351. (CL Reg. Mag. Sig., Yol.i., p. 22.) 

Mass i., No. 3. Charter by King David II., confirming to the White Friars, inter 
alia, Crab's grant of i^f^. 7th May, 1361. 

Mass X., No. 23. Charter by^King David II., confirming to John Crab a grant by 
Adam de Gardropa of annual rent of 28s. sterling from lands in the territory of 
the Denburn. 20th October, 1363. 

Ibid., No. 25. Charter, Laurentius de Foty to John Crab, of a croft "jacens ex 
boreali parte communis vie regie infra territorium croftorum baronie del Rubbys- 
law inter crofta predicti Johannis Crab coUateratim jacentia tam ex parte 
occidentali quam orientali et prout idem croftum confrontatur a dicta via regia 
in sua longitudine vsque ad les Cuttynges ". ist June, 1373. 

Mass xii., Nos. 54, 65. Charter, John Crab to White Friars, of an annual rent of ten 
merks from lands in Rubislaw beyond the Denburn, or from lands in Gallow- 



14 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

ailhous occupatis jacentibus in territorio de futhie inter terras 
quondam andree murray ex australi et terras dauidis quhyte ex boreali 
terras alexandri culane ex orientali et littus maris vulgo lie fluid mark 
ex occidentali * Croftam terre lie Ladycroftland alias Welcroft nun- 
cupatam jacentem in occidentali territorio de Abirdene inter lie pyner- 
mwk ex orientali croftam quondam martini howesoun ex occidentali 
croftam quondam magistri jacobi burnet ex australi et lye cuttingis 
joanni men3eis spectantes kintoris croft croftam sancti joannis euan- 

gate, Castlegate, Upperkirkgate, Netherkirkgate, Shiprow, and Green. St. 
Bartholomew's day, 1382. 

Mass X., No. 12. Charter by King Robert II., confirming last. 31st August, 1384. 
(Cf. Reg. Mag. Sig., i., 153). 

Mass xii.. No. 70. Charter, William, son of John Crab, confirming his father's gift 
of 1382. 17th April, 1385. 

Mass X., No. 14. Protestation, by the White Friars, anent, inter alia, John Crab's 
gift of 1382 and William's confirmation of 1385. 3rd October, 1401. 

Ibid., No. 24. Charter, Laurentius de Futy to the White Friars, resigning the feu- 
duty payable to him by John Crab and his heirs under the grant of 1373. ist 
April, 1403. 

Ibid., No. 22. Instrument, by Paul, son of John Crab, ratifying gifts by his 
father and brother. 7th January, 140^. 

Mass xi.. No. 10. Charter, Paul Crab to White Friars, confirming gift by his 
brother. 8th January, 14^. 

Mass X., No. I. Charter, Paul Crab to the White Friars, of "my four rude of 
lande the quilk I had of colyssonys ayris liande in the soilzhe of rubislaw at 
the grene ende that is to say twa rude liande within the dowcroft and twa 
rude lande on the south half of the kyngis gette with the aucht rude and 
the cuttyngis the quilk is callit abowe sanyns strekand southe fra the aucht 
rude and the litil rig that lijs south fra the stok rude to saynt mary wele 
my croft that I hald of colisonys ayris of the eist side and the croft of 
master johnne lethe of the west side ". 8th January, 14°^. 

• Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch.:— 

Mass. i., No. 13. Charter, William de Camera to the White Friars, of two crofts 
"ex australi parte vie regie qua itur a vico viridi ad ly crabistane quorum 
vnum iacet inter croftum pertinens ad altare beati Johannis evangeliste 
situatum in ecclesia parrochiali beati Nicholay versus occidens ex parte 
vna et ly stokrude versus oriens ex parte altera prout se extendit in longi- 
tudine a fine crofti quondam Johannis de Resservate versus boriam vsque ad 
croftum dictorum fratrum quod vocatur ly welcroft ex australi parte fontis 
beate marie versus austrum : Aliud croftum iacet inter ly stok rude versus 
occidens ex vna parte et croftum Thome de Camera versus oriens ex parte 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. It) 

geliste ex boreali partibus * Octo rudas terrarum jacentes inter 
terras georgii watsoun ex orientali croftam gilberti gray ex occidental! 
croftam martini howesoun ex australi et nostram publicam viam 
ex boreali t Croftam terre lye Pringiliscroft nuncupatam jacentem 
inter croftam joannis andersoun ex orientali riblaw ex occidentali 
croftam gilberti gray ex australi et croftam gilberti collesoun ex 
boreali J Vnam croftam terre jacentem inter croftam georgii watsoun 
ex orientali croftam fratrum predicatorum ex occidentali croftam duncani 
donaldsoun ex australi et croftam magistri gilberti bisset ex boreali 
Tres metas lie Buttis seu rigas terrarum per jonetam ailhous occupatas 
quarum due jacent in occidentali territorio de Abirdene prope lie 

altera prout se extendit a dicta via regia versus boream vsque ad latus de ly 

stokrude in summitate montis versus austrum ". 8th August, 1421. 
Mass X., No. 16. Tack of Pynerneuk, Sovvcroft, and Hillcroft, White Friars to 

Isobel Holland and Master Robert Chalmer. 6th May, 1556. 
Ibid., No, 9. Charter of same, with Butts at Futtie, burgh to Robert Chalmer, 

29th November, 1585. 
Ibid., No. 20. Instrument of Sasine to Robert Chalmer. 8th December, 1585. 
Mass XX., No. II. Discharge by Earl Marischal of Process of Removing against 

Robert Chalmer. 28th June, 1590. 
Mass X., No. 17. Assignation of Tack, James, son of Robert Chalmer, to Leonard 

Leslie. 22nd July, 1609. 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass i., No. 11. Charter, William Crab to the White Friars of, inter alia, a croft 
" iacens in territorio de ly Denburn . . . prope fontem beate marie quod dicitur 
ly Wellcroft tendens in longitudine a via tendente versus ly Clayhillis ex parte 
orientali vsque croftum quod computatur pro octo perticatis terre ex parte 
occidentali et croftum heredum Mathaei pynches ex parte orientali ". 2nd 
December, 1399. 

+ Ibid., No. II. Charter, William Crab to the White Friars of, inter alia, a croft 
"iacens in territorio de ly Denburn . . . quod computatur pro octo perticatas 
terre inter terram Roberti filii colini ex parte orientali et terram Walteri de 
tulach ex parte occidentali ". 2nd December, 1399. 

X Mass xvi.. No. 7. Charter, Agnes, daughter of Adam, late burgess, to Adam Pyngyl, 
burgess, of a croft " quod vocatur Crag . . . jacens in tenemento del Denburne 
inter les buttys andree de morauia versus boream ex parte vna et les pollys versus 
austrum ex altera et terram laurencii de foty versus orientem ex parte vna et 
terram fratrum beate trinitatis versus occidentalem ex parte altera ". ist July, 1363. 

Ibid., No. 8. Charter, Adam Pingle to the White Fiars, of the same, 4th November, 
1381. (Cf. Reg. Mag. Sig., Vol. i., p. 25.) 



l6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

crawstane inter terras duncani donaldsoun ex orientali et croftam 
quondam georgii bisset ex occidental! croftas fratrum predicatorum ex 
boreali et nostram communem viam ex australi partibus tertiam rigam 
earundem jacentem inter terras quondam andree murray ex orientali 
croftam quondam georgii bisset ex occidentali lie braidcroft ex boreali 
nostram publicam viam ex australi partibus * Croftam terre vulgo lie 
Wellcroft nuncupatam per joannem forbes et eius subtenentes pro 
presenti occupatam inter lie pennermwk ex orientali littus maris vulgo 
the fluidmark ex australi terras magistri jacobi burnet ex occidentali lie 
hilcroft ex boreali partibus Totam et integram maneriem cum 
domibus edificiis hortis pomariis vstrinis horreis ac aliis domibus et 
columbariis dictorum fratrum Carmelitanorum per willelmum men3eis 
seniorem et eius subtenentes pro presenti occupatam omnes jacentes 
contigue inter nostram communem viam ex orientali [sic] et occidentali 
partibus littus maris lie fluidmark ex australi et terras olim spectantes 
thome men3eis ex orientali partibus Totam et integram illam 
paruam domum per quondam magistrum jacobum burnet et nunc per 
catherinam chalmer occupatam jacentem inter hortum per patricium 
malysoun occupatum ex orientali terras dictorum fratrum carmelitan- 
orum per willelmum men3eis occupatas ex occidentali et australi 
partibus et nostram communem viam ex boreali t Totam et integram 
illam domum cum horreo et lie smiddie per alisonam horner et 
robertum smythe occupatam jacentem inter terras per dictum 
magistrum jacobum burnet olim occupatas ex orientali terras quondam 
joannis barry ex occidentali hortum fratrum carmelitanorum ex 
australi et nostram communem viam ex boreali partibus Totam et 
integram illam vstrinam horreum et paruam domum per andream 
nasmyth subtenentem willelmi men3eis pro presenti occupatas 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass XX., No. lo. Assedation, by David Mar to Janet Ailhous, relict of umquhile 
John Fraser, burgess, of the said rigs, the two in the West territory being 
described as having "the croft sumtyme pertening to the quytc freris on the 
north ". 3rd August, 1573. 

+ Mass i.. No. 3. Charter by King David IL, confirming, inter aha, a grant (13th 
January, 127^) by Catherine, daughter of Walter de Welles, to the White 
Friars, of a tenement lying "in vico qui dicitur le grene in burgo de Aberden 
inter terram dictorum fratrum que est ex parte occidentali et terram Stephani 
dicti Syphun que est ex parte orientali ". 7th May, 1361. 



I 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 1 7 

Totum et integrum ilium hortum ac duas domos vulgo lie malthousis 
nuncupatas per willelmum men3eis et eius subtenentes pro present! 
occupatas jacentes inter terras roberti angus ex orientali littus 
maris vulgo lie fluidmark ex australi et nostram communem viam ex 
occidentali et boreali partibus Totam et integram illam vstrinam 
super monticulam per andream thoris et helenam hornar pro 
presenti occupatam jacentem inter nostram communem viam ex 
orientali australi et boreali partibus denburne ex occidentali 
Totum et integrum ilium hortum lie stank yaird nuncupatum 
per wilhelmum men3eis pro presenti occupatum jacentem inter 
nostram communem viam ex orientali australi et boreali partibus 
ac terras andree guthrie edwardi donaldsoun et andree thoris 
ex occidentali Totam et integram illam paruam domum jacentem 
infra parietes fratrum carmelitanorum per andream nasmyth sub- 
tenentem willelmi men3eis pro presenti occupatam inter nostram 
communem viam ex orientali occidentali et australi partibus et terram 
per helenam hornar occupatam ex boreali Totum et integrum illud 
tenementum ante et retro subtus et supra cum horto et pertinentiis 
jacens ex boreali parte viridi iuxta locum dictorum fratrum carmelitan- 
orum per jacobum makie et issobellam ross pro presenti occupatum 
inter terras andree williamsoun et jacobi wysman pistoris ex orientali 
terras quondam thome peirie andree edy nunc spectantes ex occidentali 
terras thomft huntare et nostram communem viam ex australi partibus * 
Vnacum omnibus et singulis aliis terris croftis acris domibus edificiis 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass viii., No. 14. Charter, Matthew Pynsach, burgess, to the White Friars, of an 

annual rent of five merks from his lands in Futy, Castlegate, and the Green, and 

near the Denburn. 31st March, 1350. 
Mass i,. No. 3. Charter by King David confirming to the White Friars, inter alia, 

the preceding grant. 7th May, 1361. 
Mass. X., No. II. Charter, John de Etale, grandson of Mathew Pynchaste, ratifying 

a charter by his mother Alice Pynchaste to the White Friars, of the various 

lands burdened by her father. 4th July, 1399. 
Ibid., No. 14. Protestation by the White Friars anent, inter alia, Mathew 

Pynches' grant. 3rd October, 1401. 
Mass xii.. No. 55. Charter, Mathew Pynchest, burgess, to White Friars, of land in 

the Green. 4th May, 1405. 
Ibid., No. 61. Charter, do. to do. of annual rent of 6s. 8d. from land in the 

Green. 4th May, 1405. 

C 



1 8 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

et singulis suis pertinentiis quibuscunque ubicunque infra regnum 
nostrum jacent dictis fratribus Carmelitanis de Abirdene quouis- 
modo perprius spectantibus et pertinentibus ac cum specialibus et 
particularibus annuis redditibus inferius specificatis dictis fratribus 
Carmelitanis perprius spectantibus et pertinentibus viz Vnum annuum 
redditum duodecim librarum annuatim leuandum de teiris de Ardoyne 
in gareauche jacentibus infra vicecomitatum de Abirdene* Vnum 
annuum redditum viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatim 
leuandum de terris de Haltoun de Arduine domino Petcapill spec- 
tantibus jacentibus infra dictum nostrum vicecomitatum de Abirdene 
Vnum annuum redditum viginti solidorum annuatim leuandum de 
tribus domibus jacentibus in villa de Kintor infra dictum nostrum 



* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :- 

Mass xiii., No. 6. Charter, Thomas Leslie to his brother William Leslie, of lands 

at Ardoune. 31st March, 1488. 
Ibid., No. 9. Precept of Sasine by Thomas Leslie. 31st March, 1488. 
Ibid., No. 17. Instrument of Sasine to William Leslie. loth April, 1488. 
Ibid., No. 18. Instrument of Sasine, Thomas Leslie to Gilbert Fitchet, of lands 

at Ardoune. 28th May, 1506. 
Ibid., No. 7. Charter, Gilbert Fitchet to the White Friars, of the same. 26th 

June, 1506. 
Ibid., No. 8. Precept of Sasine by Gilbert Fitchet. 26th June, 1506. 
Ibid., No. 5. Charter by King James IV., confirming grant to Whjje Friars. 24th 

January, 1508. (Cf. Reg. Mag. Sig., Vol. ii., p. 703.) 
Ibid., No. 10. Instrument of Sasine, to White Friars. 25th February, 151°. 
Ibid., No. 16. Precept of Sasine by White Friars to George Leslie. 24th May, 

1520. 
Ibid., No. 12. Instrument of Sasine, to George Leslie. 25th May, 1520. 
Ibid., No. 15. Charter, George Leslie to White Friars, of twenty shillings 

yearly 15 . 

Ibid., No. II. Instrument of Sasine to White Friars of amount of twenty 

shillings. 25th May, 1520. 
Ibid., No. 13. Resignation, George Leslie to White Friars. i6th November, 

1523- 
Ibid., No. 14. Decreet, White Friars against Henry Leslie for violent occupation 

of lands. 22nd April, 1532. 
Ibid., No. I. Notarial copy Charter, White Friars to Walter Leslie, of the lands, 

for payment of twelve pounds yearly. 17th May, 1543. 
Ibid., No. 4. Notarial copy Precept of Sasine by White Friars. 17th May, 1543. 
Ibid., No. 3. Decreet by Commissar, for payment of twelve pounds out of lands 

of Ardoune. 9th April, 1547. 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 1 9 

vicecomitatum de Abirdene* Vnum annuum redditum viginti solid- 
orum annuatim leuandum de villa de Inverrurie jacenti infra dictum 
nostrum vicecomitatum de Abirdene t Vnum annuum redditum 
quadraginta solidorum annuatim leuandum de molendino de Leslie 
domino Leslie spectanti jacenti infra vicecomitatum nostrum de t 
Vnum annuum redditum viginti sex solidorum octo 
denariorum annuatim leuandum de terris quondam joanni thow 
in cowny olim spectantibus et nunc ad prefatum nostrum 
predilectum consanguineum et consiliarium pertinentibus leuandum 
jacentibus infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Kincardin Vnum 
annuum redditum trium librarum annuatim leuandum de Freiris 
glen jacenti in lie Mernis infra dictum nostrum vicecomitatum 
de Kincardin § Vnum annuum redditum viginti solidorum 
annuatim leuandum de crofta terre nuncupata Lochfildill croft 

* See Inventory of Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass xvii., No. 12. Sasine, William Udny, of annual rents of 13/4 and 6/8 out of 

the lands of Kintore. ist October, 1498. 
Ibid., No. 2. Charter, William Udny to Duncan Reid, Vicar of Glenbucket, of 

the same. 3rd November, 1498. 
Ibid,, No. 7. Sasine, Duncan Reid to White Friars, of the same. 3rd November, 

1498. 
All these deeds are missing. 

+ Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass xvii.. No. 8. Instrument anent lands of Inverury, Alexander Forbes v. Gilbert 

Menzies. gth Sept., 1430. 
Ibid., No. I. Charter, Adam Clark to the White Friars, of an annual rent of 6/8 

from his lands in Inverury. 17th January, 147 . 
Ibid., No. 3. Charter, John Andrew, senior, to Master Richard Forbes, Dean of 

Aberdeen, of an annual rent of 6/8 from his lands in Inverury. gth July, 1478. 
Ibid., No. 6. Charter, John Andrew, junior, to Master Richard Forbes, of an 

annual rent of 6/8 from his lands in Inverury. gth July, 1478. 
Ibid., No. II. Sasine on 3 and 6. 19th Sept., 1478. 
Ibid., J^o. 10. Charter, Richard Forbes to the White Friars, of his two annual 

rents of 6/8 from lands in Inverury. 4th November, 1478. 
Ibid., No. 5. Sasine on 10. gth November, 1478. 

t Mass xiv., No. 2. Charter, John Leslie to the White Friars, of forty shillings yearly 

out of the Mill of Leslie. 23rd August, 1549. 
Ibid., No. I. Precept of Sasine. 23rd August, I54g. 

§ Mass vii., No. i. Charter, James Fraser of Frendraught to White Friars, of lands of 
Little Glensaucht. ist May, 1402 (missing). 



20 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. I 592. 

jacenti prope dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdeine * Vnum annuum 
redditum sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra 
gilberti malysoun jacenti ex australi parte de lie castelgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
viginti .quatuor solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra joannis 
malysoun jacenti ex australi parte de dicto lie castelgait infra 
dictum nostrum burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
viginti solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra olim andree men3eis 
spectanti jacenti prope fratres predicatores infra dictum burgum 
nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum triginta sex solid- 
orum annuatim leuandum de vna terra jacenti in virido quondam 
patricio hanniball spectanti infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene 
Vnum annuum redditum tredecem solidorum quatuor denariorum 
annuatim leuandum de terra jacenti in dicto virido andree guthrie 
spectanti nunc infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum sexdecem solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra 
gilberti wobster jacenti in dicto virido infra dictum nostrum burgum 

Mass vii., No. 2, Confirmation of do. by King Robert III. 12th October, 1403 

(missing). 
Ibid., No. 3. Charter of sale of said lands, White Friars to Duncan, son of John. 

20th February, 14 1^- 
Ibid., No. 9. Precept of Sasine of do., White Friars to Andrew, son of Duncan. 

2nd October, 1436. 
Ibid., No. 4. Assedation of do., White Friars to Alexander Strachan of Dulyvarde. 

i8th January, 144^. 
Ibid., No. 5. Obligation thereanent by Alexander Strachan. Of same date. 
Ibid., No. 6. Instrument of Sasine on No. 2. 6th September, 1446. 
Ibid., No. 7. Charter, Alexander Strachan to the White Friars, of all his rights to 

said lands, and of an annual of two marks from lands of Pettyl. 6th December, 

1459- 
Ibid., No. 8. Copy Charter, White Friars to James Keith of Drumtocher, of lands 
of Glensaucht, for an annual of 4^ merks. 13th June, 1565. 

• Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass. XV., No. 7. Sasine, John Colysoune, burgess, to the White Friars, of an 
annual rent of twenty shillings, "de terris meis de louchfeldis cum territorio 
anteriore le kill et rudis eidem annexis jacentibus ex parte occidental! de 
abberdene prout se extendit a via regia qua itur a dicti burgo versus 
canoniam de abberdene ex orientali ex vna et le bradfurde ex occidentali 
partibus ab altera inter lacum de abberdene versus austrum et communem le 
longrig versus boream". 12th May, 1489, (C/.Chaiiet in RegistrumAberd.,u. 301.) 



I 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 21 

de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum viginti sex solidorum octo 
denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra walteri fergussoun jacenti 
in dicto virido infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum quinquaginta trium solidorum quatuor denariorum 
annuatim leuandum de terra dauidis trynet jacenti in dicto virido infra 
dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum decem 
solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra gilberti burnet jacenti 

infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum tredecem solidorum quatuor denariorum annuatim 
leuandum de terra gilberti Kintor jacenti apud lie Keyheid infra dictum 
burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum duodecem solid- 
orum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam barbare low spectanti 
jacenti in orientali parte de lye castelgait infra dictum burgum 
nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum viginti quatuor 
solidorum annuatim leuandum de terra quondam 
parkye junioris jacenti in dicto lie castelgait infra dictum nostrum 
burgum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum viginti solidorum 
annuatim leuandum de terra patricii mwre jacenti in lie castelgait 
infra dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
annuatim leuandum de terris alexandri rattray extendens ad summam 
jacentibus in capite dicti lie castellgait * infra 
dictum burgum nostrum de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum 
trium solidorum quatuor denariorum annuatim leuandum de terra 
willelmi chalmer jacenti extra portum trinitatis de Abirdene Vnum 
annuum redditum sex solidorum octo denariorum annuatun leuan- 
dum de terra joannis barris jacenti infra dictum nostrum burgum 
de Abirdene Vnum annuum redditum viginti solidorum annuatim 
leuandum de terris joannis howesoun jacentibus infra dictum lie 
gallowgait infra dictum burgum de Abirdeine Perprius ad prefatos 
fratres Carmelitanos dicti nostri burgi de Abirdeine spectantes et 
pertinentes vt premissum est Vnacum omnibus et singulis aliis terris 
annuis redditibus croftis acris domibus edificiis tenementis hortis ac 

* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch. :— 

Mass viii., No. 10. Charter, John Rattray, burgess, to the White Friars, of an annual 
rent of 24/ from his house in the Castlegate, 23rd July, 1539- With endorsed 
ratification by Robert, son of John Rattray. 20th September, 1542. 

I bid. No. II. Precept of Sasine. 23rd July, 1539. 



22 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

singulis suis pertinentiis ubicunque infra nostrum regnum jacent 
prefatis fratribus predicatoribus et Carmelitanis de Abirdeine per- 
prius quouismodo spectantibus et pertinentibus Quequidem omnes 
et singule prefate terre dominia barronie annui redditus ac alie parti- 
culariter et generaliter supraspecificate cum omnibus earundem per- 
tinentiis perprius prefato nostro predilecto consanguine© et consiliario 
Georgio mariscallii comitis heriditarie pertinuerunt Et quas ipse per 
procuratores suos ad hoc legittime constitutos et literas suas patentes 
in manibus nostris tanquam in manibus domini sui superioris earundem 
apud Dalkeith sursum reddidit pureque et simpliciter per fustum et 
baculum resignauit ac totum jus et clameum proprietatem et posses- 
sionem tam petitorium quam possessorium que et quas in eisdem 
habuit habet seu quouismodo habere potuit omnino quieteclamauit 
imperpetuum pro hac noua carta et infeodacione per nos nostro sub 
magno sigillo prefato nostro predilecto consanguine© et consiliario 
Georgio Mariscalli comiti in vitali redditu ac dicto Willelmo Keith 
suo filio primo genito in feodo et hereditate suisque heredibus masculis 
et assignatis respectiue et successiue supranominatis sub specialibus 
conditionibus reservationibus restrictionibus prouisionibus reuersione 
regressu ad longum subtusspecificatis et non aliter desuper in debita 
forma danda et conficienda prout in dicta resignatione latius 
continetur Insuper nos pro bono fideli et gratuito seruitio nobis per 
prefatum nostrum predilectum consanguineum et consiliarium prestito 
et impenso ratificauimus approbauimus ac pro nobis et nostris 
successoribus pro perpetuo confirmauimus tenoreque presentis carte 
nostre ratificamus approbamus ac pro nobis et successoribus 
nostris pro perpetuo confirmamus omnia et singula infeofamenta cartas 
precepta sasinarum instrumenta ac alias euidentias prefato nostro 
predilecto consanguine© et consiliari© suisque predecessoribus de 
predictis terris dominiis barroniis annuls redditibus ac aliis particu- 
lariter et generaliter suprarecitatis cum omnibus earundem pertinentiis 
vll© temp©re preterit© diem date presentis carte nostre precedent! 
factas datas et concessas Ac v©lumus et c©ncedimus ac pr© nobis 
nostrisque success©ribus decernimus et ©rdinamus quod huius 
generalitas tanti erit effectualitatis validitatis et sufficientie in 
omnibus respectibus ac si omnia et singula predicta infeofamenta carte 
precepta et sasinarum instrumenta ad longum de verb© in verbum 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 23 

in hac presenti carta nostra inserentur Preterea nos pro bono 
fideli et gratuito seruitio nobis per prefatum nostrum predilectum con- 
sanguineum et consiliarium prestito et impenso de nouo ex certa 
scientia et proprio motu dedimus concessimus et disposuimus tenore- 
que presentis carte nostra damus concedimus et disponimus prefato 
nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario Georgio mariscallj comiti 
durante vita sua ac prefato Willelmo Keith suo filio natu maximo in 
feodo et hereditate suisque heredibus masculis et assignatis respectiue 
et successiue supra nominatis Omnes et singulas predictas terras 
dominium et baroniam de Alter specialiter in se comprehendentes terras 
dominia baronias molendina piscarias siluas parcas forrestas man- 
siones maneries decimas garbales aliasque decimas firmas annuos 
redditus census canas custumas deuorias cum aduocationibus dona- 
tionibus ac patronatuum juribus tenentibus tenandriis libere tenentium 
seruitiis ac aliis particulariter suprarecitatis ad prefatum dominium 
perprius unitis et annexatis Et similiter de nouo vniuimus et annex- 
auimus tenoreque presentis carte nostre vnimus et annexamus ad 
prefatum dominium de Deir [Alter ?] aduocationem donationem et jus 
patronatus vicarie antedicte ecclesie parrochialis de Petervgye ac 
prebende de Deir infra ecclesiam cathedralem de Abirdene fundate 
vnacum decimis garbalibus aliisque decimis terrarum de Fethill cum 
pertinentiis jacentium infra dictum vicecomitatum nostrum de Abir- 
dene perprius ad prefatum monasterium de Deir spectantes et per 
abbatem et conventum eiusdem in manibus nostris simpliciter 
resignatas et dimissas ita vt eiusdem ad prefatum dominium de 
Altre annexari possunt Necnon de nouo dedimus concessimus 
et disposuimus tenoreque presentium damus concedimus et dis- 
ponimus prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario 
Georgio mariscalli comiti in vitali redditu ac prefato Willelmo 
suo filio in feodo et hereditate suisque heredibus masculis respec- 
tiue et successiue predictis omnes et singulas predictas terras eccles- 
iasticas de Donnotter et Fedderesso predictas terras de Clerkinsheillis 
predictas terras de Tilliquhillie Mallamuk et croftas in Banchorie pre- 
dictam tertiam partem antedicti molendini lie shirefmilne nuncupati 
et multuras eiusdem cum partibus pendiculis annexis connexis lie 
outsettis molendinis siluis piscariis tenentibus tenandriis libere 
tenentium seruitiis earundem et suis pertinentiis Acetiam omnes 



24 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

et singulas predictas terras croftas tenementa domos edificia hortos 
acras annuos redditus et alias tarn particulariter quam generaliter 
supraspecificatis olim prefatis fratribus predicatoribus et carmelitanis 
de Abirdene spectantibus et pertinentibus vbicunque infra regnum 
nostrum iacent vnacum omnibus jure titulo interesse iuris- 
clameo tam petitorio quam possessorio quam seu quas nos nostri 
predecessores et successores ad easdem seu ad aliquam earundem 
partem vel ad census firmas proficua et deuorias earundem de 
quibuscunque annis seu terminis preteritis habuimus habemus seu 
quouismodo habere vel clamare poterimus aut poterint ratione warde 
releuij nouintroitus eschaete forisfacture recognitionis purprisionis 
disclamationis bastardie infeofamentorum sasinarum seu retornatuum 
reductionis totius aut maioris partis alienationis aut virtute quorum- 
cunque actorum nostri parliamenti legum seu constitutionum nostri 
regni aut ob quamcunque aliam causam actionem seu occasionem 
preteritam Renunciando et exonerando eisdem cum omnibus 
actione et instantia earundem pro nobis et successoribus nostris 
prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario ac dicto 
Wilhelmo suo filio suisque heredibus masculis respectiue et successiue 
predictis pro nunc et imperpetuum cum pacto de non petendo ac 
cum supplemento omnium defectuum tam non nominatorum quam 
nominatorum quos tanquam pro expressis in hac presenti carta 
nostra haberi volumus Saluo tamen et reseruato libero tenemento 
siue vitali redditu omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum 
dominij et baronie de Altrie specialiter in se comprehendentis 
terras dominia barronias molendina siluas piscarias cum parcis 
forrestis mansionibus maneriis decimis garbalibus aliisque decimis 
firmis annuis redditibus censibus canis custumis deuoriis aduocationi- 
bus donationibus patronatuum iuribus tenentibus tenandriis libereque 
tenentium seruitiis ac aliis particulariter suprarecitatis perprius ad 
dictum dominium vnitas et annexatas vnacum aduocatione donatione et 
jure patronatus predicte vicarie antedicte ecclesie parochialis de Peter- 
vgye ac antedicte prebende de Deir infra dictam ecclesiam cathedralem 
de Abirdeine fundate ac cum prefatis decimis garbalibus aliisque de- 
cimis predictarum terrarum de Fethill cum pertinentiis nunc de nouo 
ad predictum dominium de Altrie vnitarum et annexatarum vt 
premissum est predilecto nostro consanguineo Roberto domino de Altrie 



1 592-] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 2$ 

omnibus vite sue diebus Vnacum vna rationabili tertia omnium et 
singularum predictarum terrarum dominij et barronie de Altrie necnon 
predictarum terrarum ecclesiasticarum de Donotter et Fodderesso 
ac dictarum terrarum de Clerkinschellis Tulliequhillie Mallamuk 
croftarum in Banchorie ac antedicte tertie partis prefati molendini lye 
schirefmylne nuncupati et multuris eiusdem ac suis pertinentiis ac 
etiam omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum croftarum 
tenementorum hortorum annuorum reddituum ac aliarum tam 
particulariter quam generaliter suprarecitatarum olim prefatis fratribus 
predicatoribus et carmelitanis de Abirdene spectantium predilecte 
nostre domine Margarete Hwme mariscalli comitisse sponse prefati 
nostri predilecti consanguinei et consiliarij Georgij mariscalli comitis si 
ante ipsam decedere contigerit pro omnibus vite sue diebus Ac etiam 
reseruata plena potestate ac speciali libertate priuilegio et licentia 
prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario Georgio mariscalli 
comiti assedationes longas et breues omnium et singularum predictarum 
terrarum dominiorum baroniarum decimarum annuorum reddituum 
ac aliarum particulariter supra recitatarum cum pertinentiis aut de 
aliqua earundem parte post suum decessum colonibus et tenentibus 
fundi absque diminutione presentis rentalis locandi et assedandi 
quas assedationes sic locandas dictus Willelmus suique heredes 
respectiue et successiue predicti obseruare et perimplere tenebitur et 
tenebuntur Prouiso tamen quod nullo modo licitum erit prefato 
Willelmo suisue heredibus predictis prefatas terras dominia baronias 
decimas annuos redditus ac alias predictas seu aliquam earundem 
partem cuicunque persone vel quibuscunque personis vendere alienare 
impignorare resignare assignare seu disponere aut in assedationibus 
longis seu breuibus vllo tempore futuro locare aut vlla debita 
contrahere seu contractare pro quibus antedicte terre dominia 
barronie decime annui redditus ac alie prescripte aut aliquam 
earundem partem [sic] ab ipsis appretiari seu euinci poterit absque 
speciali assensu et consensu dicti nostri predilecti consanguinei et 
consiliarij Georgij mariscalli comitis sui patris durante vita sua prius 
petito et obtento ac post suum decessum ante etatem dicti Willelmi 
suorumque heredum viginti quinque annorum completam absque speci- 
alibus consensu et assensu Francisci comitis de Erroll domini Thome 
Lyoun de Auldbar militis Alexandri domini de Home Willelmi Ker de 

D 



26 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

Cesfurde domini Jacobi Howme de Coldinknowis militis aut eorum 
maioris partis pro tempore viuentium similiter prius petitis et obtentis 
aut si secus fecerit seu fecerint tunc et in eo casu vel in aliquibus his 
casibus precedentibus hoc presens infeofamentum expirabit et ipsis 
nullius erit valoris roboris efficatie et effectus simili modo ac si nunquam 
in rerum natura extitisset ac si antedicta resignatio nunquam facta 
fuisset Necnon prouiso quod quandocunque contigerit prefatum nos- 
trum predilectum consanguineum et consiliarium Georgium mariscalli 
comitem in sua propria vita ac post eius decessum suos assignatos 
per ipsum legittime constitutos persoluere et deliberare prefato 
Willelmo suisue heredibus respectiue et successiue antedictam sum- 
mam viginti librarum vsualis moneti regni nostri vno die inter 
solis ortum et occasum in ecclesia de Donotter tunc et in eo casu 
dictus Willelmus suique heredes respectiue et successiue predicti 
tenebuntur omnes et singulas predictas terras dominia baronias 
decimas garbales annuos redditus ac alias particulariter et generaliter 
suprarecitatas cum omnibus earundem pertinentiis in manibus nostris 
nostrorumque successorum iterum resignare in fauorem dicti nostri 
predilecti consanguinei et consiliarij Georgij mariscalli comitis et 
heredum tallie respectiue et successiue predictorum pro nostra noua 
carta in infeodatione hereditarie per nos nostro sub magno sigillo 
prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario Georgio mariscalli 
comiti hereditarie ac heredibus masculis et tallie predictis suisque 
assignatis desuper in debita forma danda et conficienda ac omnes et 
singulas predictas terras dominia barronias decimas garbales aliasque 
decimas annuos redditus ac alias particulariter et generaliter suprareci- 
tatas cum omnibus earundem pertinentiis ab ipsis eorumque heredibus 
et assignatis renunciare et extradonare prefato nostro predilecto con- 
sanguineo et consiliario Georgio mariscalli comiti suisque heredibus 
masculis et tallie predictis ac suis assignatis vnacum omnibus jure 
titulo interesse jurisclameo proprietate et possessione quem seu quas in 
et ad easdem seu ad aliquam earundem partem habuerunt habent seu 
quouismodo in futurum habere vel clamare poterint Et si contigerit 
dictum Willelmum suosue heredes antedictos ipsos a receptatione dicte 
summe absentare legitima premonitione ipsis per spatium quindecim 
dierum personaliter aut ad eorum habitacionis locum in presentia 
notarij et testium vt congruit prius facta tunc et in eo casu licitum 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 27 

erit prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario Georgio maris- 
calli comiti suisque heredibus masculis et assignatis predictis plenum 
et liberum regressum et ingressum in et ad omnes et singulas predictas 
terras dominia baronias decimas annuos redditus et alias particulariter 
et generaliter suprarecitatas cum omnibus earundem pertinentiis 
absque vllo juris processu habere simili modo et adeo libere ac si 
antedicta resignatio ac presens infeofamentum desuper sequens nun- 
quam extitisset nihilominus dicta summa viginti librarum in manibus 
cuiuscunque persone responsalis ad vtilitatem et commodum dicti 
Willelmi suorumque heredum prescriptorum consignabitur et de- 
ponetur Insuper volumus et concedimus ac pro nobis nostrisque 
successoribus fideliter promittimus dicto nostro predilecto consanguineo 
et consiliario Georgio mariscalli comiti suisque assignatis quod quando- 
cunque antedicta reuersio per ipsos prefato Willelmo suisque heredibus 
respectiue et successiue predictis perimpleta erit tunc et in eo casu 
prefatus noster predilectus consanguineus et consiliarius Georgius 
mariscalli comes suique heredes masculi tallie et assignati plenum 
et liberum regressum et ingressum in et ad proprietatem et heredi- 
tariam possessionem omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum 
dominiorum baroniarum decimarum annuorum reddituum ac aliarum 
particulariter et generaliter suprarecitatarum cum omnibus earundem 
pertinentiis habebunt simili modo et adeo libere sicuti antedicta resig- 
natio aut hoc presens infeofamentum nunquam in rerum natura exti- 
tissent Et nos nunc ex tunc et tunc ex nunc tenore prefate carte 
nostre prefatum nostrum predilectum consanguineum et consiliarium 
Georgium mariscalli comitem suosque predictos in immediatos heredi- 
tarios tenentes nobis omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum 
dominiorum baroniarum decimarum annuorum reddituum ac aliarum 
particulariter et generaliter suprarecitatarum recipimus admittimus 
ratificamus approbamus et confirmamus tenendarum de nobis et 
successoribus nostris adeo libere omni tempore futuro sicuti ante 
predictam resignationem et hoc presens infeofamentum tente fuerunt 
absque vllo impedimento preiudicio eschaeta forisfactura recognitione 
seu periculo quocunque dicto nostro predilecto consanguineo consiliario 
Georgio mariscalli comiti suisue predictis inde fiendo quouismodo in 
futurum renunciando et exonerando omni actione et instancia earundem 
pro nobis et successoribus nostris pro nunc et imperpetuum Quod- 



28 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

QUIDEM presens infeofamentum prefatus Willelmus pro seipso suisque 
heredibus respectiue et successiue predictis tenore presentis carte 
nostre sub prouisionibus et conditionibus supraspecificatis accepit et 
accipit nunc et omni tempore future Preterea volumus et concedimus 
ac pro nobis et successoribus nostris decernimus et ordinamus quod 
vnica sasina nunc per prefatum nostrum predilectum consanguineum 
et consiliarium Georgium mariscalli comitem in vitali redditu ac per 
prefatum Willelmum suum filium natu maximum in feodo et hereditate 
et omni tempore affuturo per suos heredes masculos respectiue et suc- 
cessiue predictos apud fundum de Altrie capienda stabit et ipsis erit 
sufficiens sasina pro antedicto integro dominio et baronia de Altrie cum 
decimis annuis redditibus feudifirme firmis aduocationibus donationibus 
et patronatuum juribus tenentibus tenandriis libere tenentium seruitiis 
et omnibus pertinentiis particulariter et generaliter supra expressis 
perprius et nunc de nouo per presens infeofamentum antedicto 
dominio et barronie vnitis et annexatis Necnon quod vnica sasina 
per ipsos super fundum terrarum ecclesiasticarum de Fetteresso 
capienda stabit et ipsis erit sufficiens sasina pro omnibus et singulis 
predictis terris ecclesiasticis de Donotter et Fedderesso terris de 
Clerkinscheillis Tulliequhillie Mallamuk croftis in Banchorie et tertia 
parte molendini lie schireffismylne nuncupati cum tenentibus tenandriis 
libere tenentium seruitiis et omnibus earundem pertinentiis Et 
similiter- quod vnica sasina per ipsos super fundum vbi principalia 
messuagia prefatorum fratrum predicatorum et carmelitanorum ab 
antiquo situata fuerunt stabit et ipsis erit sufficiens sasina pro 
omnibus et singulis predictis terris croftis tenementis domibus horreis 
acris et annuis redditibus tam generalibus quam specialibus perprius 
ad prefatos fratres predicatores et carmelitanos de Abirdene spectanti- 
bus non obstante quod non jacent insimul et contigue sed in diuersis 
partibus et vicecomitatibus super quo nos pro nobis et successoribus 
nostris dispensauimus et tenore presentis carte nostre dispensamus pro 
nunc et imperpetuum Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas pre- 
dictas terras dominium et baroniam de Altrie specialiter in se compre- 
hendentes terras dominia baronias molendina piscarias siluas parcas 
forrestas mansiones maneries decimas garbales aliasque decimas 
firmas annuos redditus census canas custumas deuorias cum aduo- 
cationibus donationibus patronatuum juribus tenentibus tenandriis 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 29 

liberetenentium seruitiis ac aliis particulariter et generaliter supra 
recitatis perprius ad dictum dominium vnitas et annexatas ac cum 
aduocatione donatione et jure patronatus dicte vicarie de Pettirvgie 
ac dicte prebende de Deir infra predictam ecclesiam Cathedralem 
de Aberdene fundate vnacum antedictis decimis garbalibus aliisque 
decimis predictarum terrarum de Fethill cum pertinentiis nunc de 
nouo ad prefatum dominium de Altre vt premissum est vnitarum et 
annexatarum Necnon omnes et singulas predictas terras ecclesias- 
ticas de Donotter et Fedderesso dictas terras de Clerkinscheillis dic- 
tas terras de Tulliequhillie Mallamuk croftas in Banchrie et tertiam 
partem molendini predicti lie schirrefismylne nuncupati cum multuris 
eiusdem partibus pendiculis tenentibus tenandriis libere tenentium 
seruitiis earundem et omnibus suis pertinentiis Ac etiam omnes et 
singulas predictas terras croftas tenementa domos edificia hortos 
acras annuos redditus ac alias tam particulariter quam generaliter 
supra specificatas olim predictis fratribus predicatoribus et carmelit- 
anis de Aberdene spectantes vbicunque infra regnum nostrum jacent 
prefato nostro predilecto consanguineo et consiliario Georgio mariscalli 
comiti in vitali redditu pro omnibus vite sue diebus ac dicto Willelmo 
Keith suo filio natu maximo suisque heredibus masculis respectiue et 
successiue predictis hereditarie De nobis et successoribus nostris 
in feodo hereditate liberis dominiis et baroniis imperpetuum per omnes 
rectas metas suas antiquas et diuisas prout jacent in longitudine et 
latitudine in domibus edificiis boscis planis moris marresiis viis semitis 
aquis stagnis riuolis pratis pascuis et pasturis molendinis multuris et 
eorum sequelis aucupationibus venationibus piscationibus petariis 
turbariis carbonibus carbonariis cuniculis cuniculariis columbis col- 
umbariis fabrilibus brasinis brueriis et genestis siluis nemoribus et 
virgultis lignis tignis lapicidiis lapide et calce cum curiis et earum 
exitibus herezeldis bludeuetis et mulierum merchetis cum furca fossa 
sok sak thole theme wert wair wrak vennesoun infangtheiff out- 
fangtheiff pit et gallous cum communi pastura liberoque introitu et 
exitu ac cum omnibus aliis et singulis libertatibus commoditatibus 
proficuis asiamentis ac justis suis pertinentiis quibuscunque tam non 
nominatis quam nominatis tam subtus terra quam supra terram 
procul et prope ad predictas terras dominia baronias aliasque tam 
particulariter quam generaliter supra specificatas cum suis pertinentns 



30 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

spectantibus seu juste spectare valentibus quomodolibet in futurum 
libere quiete plenarie integre honorifice bene et in pace absque vllo 
reuocatione contradictione aut obstaculo aliquali Reddendo annua- 
tim dictus noster predilectus consanguineus et consiliarius Georgius 
Mariscalli comes dominus Keith etc. durante vita sua ac post eius 
decessum dictus Willelmus eius filius suique heredes masculi re- 
spectiue et successiue predicti nobis et successoribus nostris pro 
predictis terris dominio et baronia de Altrie summam centum et 
quadraginta librarum in die festi penthecostes nomine albefirme tan- 
tum Ac pro predictis terris ecclesiasticis de Donotter summam 
quinque mercarum sex solidorum octo denariorum vnacum summa 
quadraginta denariorum in augmentationem Ac pro predictis terris 
ecclesiasticis de Fedderesso summam septem librarum quatuor decem 
solidorum et quatuor denariorum ad duos anni terminos consuetos 
festa videlicet penthecostes et sancti martini in hieme per equales 
portiones vnacum vna holla granorum lie serieand corne nomine 
feudifirme cum summa quadraginta denariorum annuatim in aug- 
mentationem rentalis Pro predictis terris de Clerkinscheillis sum- 
mam quatuor librarum cum quadraginta denariis in augmentationem 
rentalis Ac pro predictis terris de Tulliequhillie Mallamuk et croftas 
in Banchrie cum pertinentiis summam decem librarum vnacum summa 
sex solidorum et octo denariorum annuatim in augmentationem rentalis 
Ac pro predicta tertia parte dicti molendini lie schirrefmylne nun- 
cupati summa quadraginta solidorum cum duobus solidis annuatim in 
augmentationem rentalis ad dictos duos anni terminos consuetos festa 
videlicet penthecostes et sancti martini in hieme per equales por- 
tiones nomine feudifirme necnon heredes dicti Willelmi duplicando 
dictam feudifirmam primo anno eorum introitus ad prefatas terras 
cum pertinentiis prout vsus est feudifirme tantum Necnon pro pre- 
dictis terris toftis croftis hortis annuis redditibus ac aliis supra- 
speciticatis perprius ad dictos fatres predicatores et carmelitanos 
de Abirdene spectantibus summam quadraginta librarum monete 
regni nostri ad dictos duos anni terminos consuetos festa videlicet 
penthecostes et sancti martini in hieme pauperibus hospitalitatis de 
Abirdene dandam et applicandam prout nos nostrique successores 
dirigemus vt nobis videbitur expediens In cuius rei testimonium 
huic presenti carte nostre magnum sigillum nostrum apponi precepimus 



1 592-] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 3 1 

Testibus predilectis nostris consanguineis et consiliariis Joanne domino 
Hammiltoun etc. commendatario monasterii nostri de Abirbrothok 
Archibaldo Angusie comite domino Dowglas Dalkeith et Abirnethy 
etc. reuerendissimo ac venerabili in Christo patre Patricio Sancti 
andree archepiscopo Waltero priore de Blantyre nostri secreti sigilli 
custode dilectis nostris familiaribus et consiliariis domino Joanne 
Maitland de Thirlestane milite nostro secretario Alexandre Hay de 
Eister Kennett nostrorum rotulorum registri ac consilji clerico 
Ludouice Bellenden se Auchnoule milite nostre Justiciarie clerico et 
magistro Roberti Scott nostre cancellarie directore apud Dalkeith 
vigesimo sexto die mensis Septembris anno Domini millesimo quin- 
gentesimo nonagesimo secundo et legni nostri vigesimo sexto. 

From the Registrum Magni Sigilli, Lib. xxxviii., No. 25. Sasine was 
taken nth and i6th January, 1593.* 



* The properties of the Black and the White Friars, falling to the Crown after the 
Reformation, had been granted on a 19 years' tack to the Queen's " dailie seruitour," 
Captain Hew Lauder, 17th February, 156^ {Registrum Secreti Sigilli, xxxiv. 59 : cf. Aber- 
deen Town Council Register, xxvi. 102), for a yearly payment of ;^io Scots. By a letter of 
6th June, 1567 (Mar. Coll. Ch. Chest, Mass xx.. No. 8), Her Majerty confirms the said tack, 
" sen the making of the quhilkis our said souerane lady be hir charter vnder hir greit seill 
eftir hir generall reuocation hes infeft the provest baillies counsall and communitie of the 
burght of Aberdeine the landes &c pertenand to the saidis freiris . . . albeit hir maiesties 
mynd nor will the tyme of the granting of the said infeftment was not nor yit is that the samyn 
suld be ony wyss preiudiciall to the said tak during the yeiris contenit thairin nor yit suld 
comprehend the landis &c pertenand to the saids freiris except only the said sowme of ten 
pundis contenit into the said tak to be payit to thame yeirlie be the said Hew". Of this 
infeftment to the Burgh I can find no other trace either in the Burgh archives or in the 
Reg. Mag. Sig. or Reg. Sccr. Sig. Before the 3rd February, 156^, Lauder had resigned his 
rights, for on that date a new tack, for a like period of ig years and for the same rent, is 
granted to David Mar, burgess of Aberdeen (Reg. Seer. Sig., xxxvii. 36 : cf. Mar. Coll. 
Ch. Ch., vi. 97 ; xx. 10; i. 24"). 

On 23rd October, 1571, the Friars' lands are granted in feu to Captain Andrew Chisholm 
for a reddendo of fourteen merks Scots (Reg. Seer. Sig., xl. 16); but the Captain falling "in 
bello pro defensione authoritatis nostre in borealibus partibus regni nostri," before sasine had 
been taken, the grant is renewed in favour of his only lawful daughter Janet Chisholm, 
6th August, 1572 (Reg. Seer. Sig., xli. 7). 

On i6th December, 1581, without any reference to the Chisholms, the same lands are 
granted in feu to William Leslie, brother german to John Leslie of Balquhane (Reg. Seer. Sig. , 
xlviii, 73) ; but on 28th October, 1583, there is a charter conveying the same to the burgh, to 
pay the composition for which it appears the inhabitants were stented in jooo merks (Council 



32 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [lS92. 

Reg,, xxxi. 575 ; Burgh Ch. Ch., A'' 27, 28, 29; Reg, Seer, Sig., xHx. 172 ; Reg, Mag, Sig,, 
XXXV. 763). The professed object of the grant was the endowment of the Poors' Hospital, 
but this purpose was not carried into effect, for on 14th March, 158$, a charter of uovodamus 
to Wm. Leslie appears (Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., i. 6, 7, 25; Reg, Seer, Sig., liii. 131; Reg. 
Mag. Sig,, XXX. 69), wherein the temporary grant to the burgh is accounted for " occasione 
absentie predict! magistri Willelmi tempore nouissimi belli nostro in regno concitati". 
By a contract of nth April, 1587, between Leslie and George Earl Marischal (Mar. 
Coll. Ch. Ch., ii. 42), the former agrees to transfer his rights to the Friars' lands, "for 
the qlkis premisses the saids George erll merschell and his foirsaids sail content 
and delyuer to the said m"" Wm Lesly his aris executoris and assignais the soume 
of tuelff thowsand Merkis vsuall moe of this realme betuixt the deat heiroff and the 
feist of Candilmes nixt to cum in this instant yeir of god Jm vc four scoir and 
sewine yeiris Prouyding allwayis gif the said erll or his foirsaids payis and delyueris 
to the said mr W«n or his foirsaids wtin the toune of new Abd vpone the secund 
day of nor nixt to cum in this instant yeir of god Jm vc four scoir and sewine 
yeiris the sowme of sex thowsand merkis vsuall mony of this realme togidder in ane 
soume stampt plakis and peneis exceptit and in caise of the said mr Wm or his foirsaids 
absence and vtheris hawand his lau' power or of their refuisall to resaue the samen reallie 
and wt effect offeris the said sowme of sex thowsand merkis moe foirsaid to the said 
mr Wm and his foirsaids at the duelling hous of James Lesly elder wtin the brut of Abd. 
the said day and therefter deponis and consignis the samen in the hands of mr Alexr 
Cheine persone of snaw and commissar of Abd and failyeing of him in the hands of m<" 
Thomas Lesly burges of Abd to the vtilitie and profeit of the said mr Wm and his foir- 
saids thane and in that caice and na wtherwayis the said erll and his foirsaids to be frie 
releifeit and dischargeit of the super plus of the caid principall sowme of tuelff thowsand 
merkis attour and abow the said sowme of sex thowsand merkis sua that the said erll 
and his foirsaids in the caice above wrtine salbe allenerlie subiectit and obleist in the 
payment of sex thowsand merkis moe foirsaid Attour it is conuenit and agreit betuixt 
the foirsaid parteis that John Lesly in Kintor sail hawe of the said erll the ruids of land 
lyand w'in the territorie of Kintor qlkis pertenit to the said freiris of Abd presently occupeit 
be the said Wm Lesly for yeirly payment of fourtie shillingis to the said erll and his foirsaids 
allenerlie dureing all the dayis off the said John Lesleis lyftyme And the foirsaid parteis are 
content &c." 

On the 17th of May, 1587, the Earl has a crown charter of the Friars' lands {Reg. 
Seer. Sig,,lv, 88; Reg, Mag, Sig., xxxvi. 345; precept of sasine in Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., 
i. 23) ; but this falling under the Revocation of 29th July, a new grant became necessary. 
It bears date 29th July (Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., i. 8, 19; Reg. Seer, Sig., Iv. 124; Reg. Mag, 
Sig,, xxxvi. 420). To secure more detailed enumeration of the properties, the Earl resigns 
for new infeftment to himself, 9th January, 158^ (Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., i. 20, 21) ; and 
again, for infeftment to himself in liferent and to his son, William, in fee, 26th Septem- 
ber, 1592 (Reg. Seer. Sig., Ixiv. 147; Reg, Mag, Sig., xxxviii. 25; instrument 
of sasine, i6th January, 159^ in Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., ii. 34). Finally, a charter is granted 
to William alone on 21st October, 1612 (Reg, Seer. Sig,, Ixxxi. 147; Reg, Mag. Sig., xlvii. 
48) ; instrument of sasine, 12th November, in Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., ii. 35). 



I 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 33 

la. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

The King grants in liferent to George Earl Marischal, and in fee to his 
eldest son William Keith, and the heirs male of his body, whom failing, in 
succession to George Earl Marischal, Robert laird of Altrie, John Keith, feuar 
of Troup, John Keith of Ravenscraig, and the heirs male of their bodies, 
whom failing, to George Earl Marischal and his heirs and assignees whatso- 
ever bearing the name of Keith : — 

The lands and barony of Altrie, including the lands, &c., formerly be- 
longing to the Monastery of Deer, viz., the manor of Deer, kirk lands of 
Cuthill, lands of Clerkhill, Quairtelhouse (and fulling mill thereof), mill of 
Creichie, with mill lands, &c., lands of Dennis, Mickle Auchrydie, Auch- 
mumgell, Carnebarroch, with mill, &c.. Little Auchrydie, Craigmylne, with 
mill, &c., Glenkriach, Little Elrig, Auldmad, with mill, &c., Badforsky, 
with mill, &c., Auchlek, Aucherb, Cryalie, Skillimarno, Auchmacher, Altre, 
Byffie (Raw of Byfifie and Parkhouse of Byfifie), Brinthill, Mill of Bruxie with 
multures, with the new mill of Bruxie on the water of Inverugie, Scroghill, 
Kirktown of Deer, Benwallis, Mickle Elrig, with mill, &c., Fechill, Monkhill, 
Grange of Rahill, the Fishertown of Peterhead, with harbours, &c., lands of 
Kaikinch, Monksholm, Upper and Nether Alterlands of Foveran; annuals 
of 3/. 6^. 8^. from Tulloch, i/. 3J. 4^. from Toukis, 2/, from Sauchope of 
Kinmundy ; tenements and houses within the burgh of Aberdeen ; salmon 
fishing of Inverugie ; mill of the monastery of Deer ; lands of Barrie ; with 
tenants, &c., and with all teinds, &c., of the parish churches of Deer, Peterugie, 
Foveran, and Kingedward, and lands in these parishes : Together with the 
harbour and burgh of barony of Keitinch, or Kaikinch, with haven-silver, &c. ; 
the patronage of the parish churches of Deer, Peterugie, Foveran, and King 
Edward ; all belonging to the barony of Altrie. 

And all the templar [?] lands of Dunottar and Fetteresso, lands of 
Clerkinsheils, Tulliquhillie, Mallamuk, and crofts in Banchory, and third 
part of the Sheriff mill, with multures. 

And also all the crofts, annuals, &c., of old belonging to the Black 
Friars of Aberdeen — viz.. Yard Croft, between Adam Mar's Croft and 

's croft on E., Womanhill on W., Gilbert Anderson's house, 
Black Friars' manse and kirk on S., Loch on N. ; Sow Croft between 
highway on E. and N., Denburn on W., George Harrow's croft on S. ; 
Craigwell Croft between Master Gilbert Bissat's croft on E., George Wat- 
son's on W., Andrew Dun's on S., highway on N. ; Cunningharholes 

E 



34 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

(occupied by Patrick Gray, senior, and John Dortie, his sub-tenant), 
in E. territory, between Links on E. and S., David Menzies senior's crofts, 
called Gallow hills, on N. ; Three Rigs beyond Crabstane, between Headrigs on 
E., Alexander Leith's croft on W., highway on S., George Watson's croft on 
N. ; Fill the Cop Croft (occupied by Agnes Menzies and Gilbert Falconer, her 
sub-tenant) in E. territory, between Alexander CuUen's croft on S., John 
Irving of Kincowsie's croft (also called Fill the Cop) on N., Futtie's mire on 
E., and highway on W. ; Rig, at Gallowgate head (occupied by said Agnes 
and Gilbert), between late Master Robert Lumsden's croft on S., late Andrew 
Murray's on N., Broadford on W., and highway on E. ; Two Rigs in the 
Floors between the Gallowhills on E., highway on W., Alexander Malyson's 
crofts on S., and croft formerly Gilbert Kintore's on N. ; Barbour's Croft, 
between highway on E., Crooked Mire on W., Master George Lumsden's crofts 
on S., and Alexander Rutherford's croft on N. ; Rig between Links on E., 
William Humphrey's lands on W., Garrakis wynd on S., and Alexander CuUen's 
croft on N. ; Rig in Futty (occupied by Gilbert Black), between lands of said Gil- 
bert, now belonging to late Andrew Mar's heirs, on N., late Gilbert Gray's heirs' 
lands on S., ford mark on W., and links on E. ; Rig near Gallowgate head, be- 
tween Gallowgate hills on E., highway on W., Andrew Jack's croft on S., and 
Alexander Malyson's on N. ; Incroft, within the stone walls (occupied by 
James Menzies and his sub-tenants), in the Schoolhill, between the Black- 
friars' place (occupied by Gilbert Anderson), on E., Womanhill on W., Loch 
on N., highway to Womanhill on S. ; Sowcroft [Forecroft?], near the Grammar 
School (occupied by Alexander Chalmer and his sub-tenants), between late 
George Bisset's lands to S., highways to E. and N., and Denburn to W. ; 
Long Rig, in N. territory (occupied by Alexander Malyson), between rig 
formerly Laird of Gartly's, now John Johnston's, on N., a rig of Alexander 
Malyson's and highway on W. ; Pringle's Croft, in W. territory (occupied by 
Alexander Jaffray and his sub-tenants), between late Gilbert Gray's croft on 
S., late Gilbert Collison's on N., late John Anderson's on E., and Rubislaw 
on W.J two small adjacent crofts, in W. territory, between College croft on 
E., late George Watson's on W., Crawstone on S., and highway on N. ; Long 
Rig, in W. territory (formerly occupied by late Master Gilbert Bisset), between 
Langlands of White Friars on W., Dowcot Brae on E., and way towards 
Crawstone on S. ; Eight Roods in Kintore (occupied by John Leslie), four 
m N. territory, between lands of heirs of late Alexander Keith of Auquhorsk 
on N. and S., lands of Alexander Chalmer of Balnacraig on E., and highway on 
W., two also in N. territory, between lands of said Alexander Keith's heirs on 
W. and S., lands of John Chalmer in Fintrie on W. [N. ?], and lands of Altar 



1592.] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 35 

of Holy Rood on E., and two in S. territory, between lands formerly of Patrick 
Anderson, now of John Gordon of Glasgowforrest, on E., lands formerly of 
Andrew Scherar, now of said Earl Marischal, on W., common moor on S., 
highway on N. ; Black Friars' Manor, with houses, yards, &c. (occupied by 
Gilbert Anderson), in Schoolhill, between Grammar School on E., Incroft 
on W,, highway on S., Loch on N. ; Together with the following annuals : — 
10/. from Mains of Dunottar; 6/. i^s. 4^. from lands of Banchory and 
Devenick ; 10/. from lands of Fuddes ; 6/. ly. ^d. from lands of New 
Leslie ; 4/. from lands of Creichie ; 40s. from lands of be- 

longing to Laird of Pitcaple ; 40s. from lands of Synnaboth ; 4/. from lands 
of Creichmannogat ; 40s. from lands of Ranystoun ; 20s. from lands of Hills 
of Dyce ; 13/. 6s. 8d. from lands of Little Arnage ; 30^. from lands of 
Bannacuthill ; 8/. from lands of Ardoyne ; 40^. from lands of Birsmore ; 
40s. from town of Inverurie ; 40^. from lands of Seggieden ; 5/. 6s. Sd. from 
lands of ; 40^'. from lands of Forg ; 8/. from lands of 

, belonging to Laird of Lysk ; 24/. from the Tolhouse of 
Aberdeen ; 4^. from late John Peterkin's land on E. of Gallowgate ; 5^. from 
late John Litster's land on W. of do. ; los. from late Margaret Kintore's land 
in Aberdeen; 12^. from late Thomas Cargill's land on W, of Gallowgate; 
26s. 8d. from Elizabeth Leslie's land on W. of do. ; 6s. 8d. from late Patrick 
Menzies' land on W. of do. ; 6s. 8d. from Elizabeth Annand's land on W. 
of do.; 17^. from Allan Putra's land on W. of do.; 12s. from Master Andrew 
Gray's lands in Netherkirkgate ; 6^. Sd. from land of Thomas Kay, baker in 
Aberdeen ; 5^. from late Master Robert Lumsden's land on E. of Gallowgate ; 
13^. 4d. from late Marjory Gray's land in the Ghaist row ; 40s. from late 
Francis Chantoune's land in do. ; 40s. from Elizabeth Annand's land in the 
Shiprow ; 20s. from Alexander Cullen's land near the Flesh house ; lyj. from 
late Alexander Robeson's land at harbour of Futty ; Ss. from late Walter 
Brechin's land at the Keyhead ; 6s. 8d. from late Andrew Hunter's land in 
the Upperkirkgatb ; 20s. from the laird of Essilmont's land in the head of do. ; 
^6s. from David Low's lands in Castlegate and Netherkirkgate; 52J. from 
John Anderson's land in Inverurie; 6s. 8d. from William Ranaldson's land 
in Aberdeen ; 26s. 8d. from a half net of the Raik fishings ; 50J, from the 
Braid croft, near the Justice Mills, belonging to late Thomas Lindsay's heirs; 
26s. 8d. from the Justice Mills, belonging to Gilbert Menzies, provost of 
Aberdeen ; 40s. from crofts formerly of Gilbert Menzies, now of Duncan 
Donaldson, senior, and John Donaldson : all the aforesaid of old belonging 
to the Black Friars of Aberdeen. 

And also all the crofts, annuals, &c., of old belonging to the White 



36 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

Friars of Aberdeen — viz., Doucat Croft, between Martin Howeson's croft 
on E., Langlands on W., highway on S., and George Watson's croft on 
N. ; Langlands and Cuttings, in W. territory (occupied by John Menzies 
and his sub-tenants), Langlands between late Thomas Bisset's crofts on W., 
late Martin Howeson's heirs' croft on E., swell and haugh of Clayhills on 
S., and late Gilbert Menzies' Eight Rood croft on N. ; Pynernook, Sow- 
croft, and Hillcroft lying adjacent, in W. territory (occupied by Master Robert 
Chalmer and his tenants), between St. John the Evangelist's croft on W., 
Denburn on E., Ladywell croft on S., highway on N. ; Two Butts, in 
territory of Futty (occupied by Janet Ailhous) between late Andrew Murray's 
lands on S., David Whyte's on N., Alexander CuUen's on E., and Flood- 
mark on W. ; Ladycroftland or Well croft, in W. territory, between Pyner- 
nook on E., late Martin Howeson's croft on W., late Master James Burnet's 
on S., Cuttings belonging to John Menzies, Kintore's croft, and St. John the 
Evangelist's croft on N.; Eight Roods, between George Watson's lands on E., 
Gilbert Gray's croft on W., Martin Howeson's on S., and highway on N. ; 
Pringle's croft, between John Anderson's croft on E., Rubislaw on W., Gilbert 
Gray's croft on S., and Gilbert Colleson's on N. ; Croft, between George 
Watson's croft on E., Black Friars' on W., Duncan Donaldson's on S., and 
Master Gilbert Bisset's on N. ; Three Butts (occupied by Janet Ailhous), two 
in the W. territory near the Crawstone, between Duncan Donaldson's lands 
on E., late George Bisset's croft on W., Black Friars' crofts on N., and high- 
way on S., the third between late Andrew Murray's lands on E., late George 
Bisset's croft on W., Braid croft on N., and highway on S. ; Wellcroft (occupied 
by John Forbes and his sub-tenants), between Pynernook on E., Floodmark 
on S., Master James Burnet's land on W., Hill croft on N. ; White Friars' 
Manor, with houses, yards, &c. (occupied by William Menzies, senior, and 
his sub-tenants), between highway on E. [N. ?] and W., Floodmark on S., 
and lands formerly of Thomas Menzies on E. ; Small house (occupied 
by late Master James Burnet, and now by Catherine Chalmer), between 
Patrick Malyson's yard on E., White Friars' lands (occupied by William 
Menzies) on W. and S., and highway on N. ; House and yard and smithy 
(occupied by Alison Horner and Robert Smyth) between lands formerly 
occupied by Master James Burnet on E., late John Barry's lands on W., 
White Friars' yard on S., and highway on W. ; Kiln yard and small house 
(occupied by Andrew Nasmyth, sub-tenant of William Menzies) ; Yard and 
two Malthouses (occupied by William Menzies and his sub-tenants), between 
Robert Angus' lands on E., Floodmark on S., highway on W, and N. ; Kiln on 
the hillock (occupied by Andrew Thoris and Helen Hornar), between highway 



1 592-] GRANT OF FRIARS' LANDS. 37 

on E., S., and N., Denburn on W. ; Stankyard (occupied by William Menzies), 
between highway on E., S., and N., and lands of Andrew Guthrie, Edward 
Donaldson, and Andrew Thoris on W. ; Small house, within White Friars' 
walls (occupied by Andrew Nasmyth, sub-tenant of William Menzies), be- 
tween highway on E., W., and S., and land occupied by Helen Hornar 
on N. ; Tenement and yard, on N. of Green near White Friars' Place 
(occupied by James Mackie and Isabella Ross), between lands of Andrew 
Williamson and James Wiseman, baker, on E., late Thomas Peirie's lands, 
now Andrew Edy's, on W., Thomas Hunter's and highway on S. : Together 
with the following annuals : — 12/. from lands of Ardoyne in Garioch ; 26s. Sd. 
from Lord Pitcaple's lands of Haltoun of Arduine ; 20s. from three houses in 
Kintore ; 20s. from town of Inverurie ; 40s. from Mill of Leslie, belonging 
to Laird of Leslie ; 26s. 2>d. from lands in Kincardineshire formerly of late 
John Thow in Cowny, now of Earl Marischal; 3/. from Friars Glen in the 
Mearns ; 20^-. from Lochfield croft in Aberdeen ; 6s. 8d. from Gilbert Maly- 
son's land on S. of Castlegate ; 24s. from John Malyson's land on S. of do. ; 
20s. from land formerly Andrew Menzies', near Black Friars ; ^6s. from late 
Patrick Hannibal's land in Green; 13^. 4^. from Andrew Guthrie's land in do. ; 
1 6s. from Gilbert Webster's land in do. ; 6s. Sd. from Walter Ferguson's land 
in do. ; 53J. 4^. from David Trynet's land in do. ; los. from Gilbert Burnet's 
land in ; 1 35. 4^. from Gilbert Kintor's land near Keyhead ; 

12s. from late Barbara Low's land on E. of Castlegate; 24s. from late 
Parky junior's land in Castlegate ; 20s. from Patrick Mure's 
land in do. ; from Alexander Rattray's land in head of Castlegate ; 

3J. 4d. from William Chalmer's land without the Trinity Port ; 6s. 8d. from 
John Barris' land within the burgh; 2o.r. from John Howeson's lands in 
the Gallowgate : all the aforesaid of old belonging to the White Friars of 
Aberdeen. 

All which lands, &c., previously pertained in heritage to George Earl 
Marischal, and are now resigned by him for this new infeftment in liferent 
to himself, and in fee to his son William and others as above. 

Further, the King confirms all prior infeftments : and de novo grants to the 
said George, &c., the barony of Altrie, annexing thereto the patronage of the 
parish church of Peterugie, and of the prebend of Deer in the cathedral of Aber- 
deen, with the teinds of the lands of Fethill, formerly belonging to the monastery 
of Deer, and resigned by the abbot and convent for such annexation ; the 
kirklands of Dunotter and Fetteresso, lands of Clerkinsheils, Tilliquhillie, 
Mallamuk, crofts in Banchory, and third part of Sheriff mill ; and all the 
crofts, &c., of the Black Friars and White Friars of Aberdeen. Reserving 



38 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

for Robert, laird of Altrie, a liferent of the barony of Altrie, with new annexa- 
tions thereto ; for Margaret Hume, Countess Marischal, a liferent of one- 
third of all foresaid barony, kirk lands, &c., and friars' lands ; and for George 
Earl Marischal the power to give tacks, long or short, of the foresaids. Providing 
that it shall not be lawful for said William and his heirs to make any aliena- 
tion or tack thereof without consent of said George, and after his death 
before the said William or his heirs attain the age of twenty-five years, of 
Francis Earl of Errol, Thomas Lyon of Auldbar, knight, Alexander Lord 
Home, William Ker of Cesfurd, James Home of Coldinknowes, knight, or 
of a majority of the survivors thereof; and that on payment at any time, 
after fifteen days' warning, within the church of Dunnotter, by the said George 
or his assignees, to the said William and his heirs, of the sum of twenty 
pounds Scots, the said William, &c., shall be bound to resign all rights in 
favour of the said George, &c., who shall thereupon resume full possession 
as before present charter. Which infeftment the foresaid William accepts. 

Further, the King grants that sasines shall suflSce, to be taken at Altrie for 
the barony of Altrie, at Fetteresso for the kirklands, &c., and at the principal 
messuages of the Friars for the lands thereof. 

To be held the foresaids by the said George, &c., &c., of the King. 

Paying, for the barony of Altrie, 140/. ; for the kirklands of Dunotter, 
5 1 merks, with 40^. of augmentation ; for the kirklands of Fetteresso, 7/. 
14J. 4//. and a boll of serjeand corn, with 40^. of augmentation ; for the lands 
of Clerkinsheils, 4/., with 40^^. of augmentation ; for the lands of TuUie- 
quhillie, Mallamuk, and crofts in Banchorie, 10/., with 6s. 8^. of augmenta- 
tion ; for the third of the Sheriff mill, 40s., with 2s. of augmentation, and 
double feu-duty at entry of heirs ; and for the Friars' lands, 40/. , to be 
applied to the poor of the hospital of Aberdeen, as the King shall direct. 

Sealed at Dalkeith, 26th September, 1592. Witnesses : John Lord 
Hamilton, Commendator of Arbroath ; Archibald Earl of Angus, Lord 
Douglas, Dalkeith, and Abernethy ; Patrick, Archbishop of St. Andrews ; 
Walter, Prior of Blantyre, Keeper of the Privy Seal ; John Maitland of 
Thirlestane, Knight, King's Secretary ; Alexander Hay of Easter Kennett, 
Clerk of the Rolls, Register, and Council ; Louis Bellenden of Auchnoule, 
Knight, Justice Clerk ; and Master Robert Scott, Director of Chancery. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 



II. 



39 



George, fifth Earl Martschal, founds a public Gymnasium [p. 41, 1. 7] or 
Academia [p. 41, 1. 16] or Collegium [p. 42, 1. 8] or Universitas 
[p. 56, I, 7] in Aberdeen, endowing the same with the former possessions 
of the Black Friars and of the White Friars of Aberdeen, and 7vith the 
lands of old belonging to the Chaplainries of Bervie and of Cowie, 
2nd April, 1593.* 

Georgius Comes Mariscallus, Dominus Keyth et Altrie, Omni- 
bus et Singulis vere Christianis aeternam in Domino Salutem. 

Cum ortus, conditionis et officij memores instituissemus pro virili, 
Ecclesiae, Patriae et Reipublicae prodesse, et si qua possemus ratione in 
medium consulere, animadvertentes serioque nobiscum reputantes, 
quanta in inscitia atque ignoratione plerique versentur ; ut pessime 
habeant, turpissime nequissimeque in vita bene beateque instituenda 
errantes, adeoque misere desciscentes ; ut pro innata morum corruptela 
omni scelere commaculati, gravissima jactura et naufragio saepe pereant, 
unde Ecclesiae, Patriae et Reipublicae plurimum damni accedit ; quod 
vel eo maxime contingit, quod honesta, ingenua et Christiana educatio 
atque institutio multis in locis hie vel deficiat vel negligatur, ut pie 
ac probe educati, atque in humanitatis artibus instituti, quam 
paucissimi reperiantur, quorum opera atque studio Ecclesia efflorescat, 
Patria enitescat, et Respublica magis magisque amplificetur, in Dei 
gloriam, civiumque salutem et incolumitatem : Huic nos malo tandem 
consultum cupientes, ut quos Deus Optimus Maximus singulari 
dementia et bonitate dignatus est, cum quod alia in nos contulerit 
beneficia, turn quod maxime sinceriori atque uberiori sui cognitione 

* See translation of the Foundation Charter on page 60. Compare the First Book of 
Discipline, " Of the Erection of Universities," and the terms of the other post- Reformation 
foundations : — " Buchanan's Reformation " of the University of St. Andrews, 1579 (printed 
in the Evidence of the 1826-30 Commission, vol. iii., p. 183) ; the " Erectio Regia " of the 
University of Glasgow, 1577 {Evidence, vol. ii., p. 239; Mnnimenta Univcrsitatis Glasgttensis, 
vol. i. , p. 103) ; the Charter of the University of Edinburgh, 1582 (Evidence, vol. i., App. 5 ; 
Craufurd's History, p. i ; Bower's History, vol. i., p. 389) ; and the " Nova Fundatio " of 
the University and King's College of Old Aberdeen. The last has not hitherto been printed, 
either in the Fasti Aberdoncnscs or elsewhere. The passages quoted in subsequent Notes are 
taken from the copy in Professor Knight's MS. Collections, vol. v., p. 1787. 



40 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

illustravit, et proinde dum inseverit animo nostro affectum et sensum, 
ut nihil nobis magis sit in votis, quam de Ecclesia, Patria et 
Republica, quam optime mereri : Jd constituimus, non sine pruden- 
tissimorum et gravissimorum hominum consilio et judicio, bene 
subducta ratione, ut quod a nobis praestari poterat sedulo faceremus, 
et quam vel optarent vel exigerent a nobis opem homines, tam 
iniqua miseraque errorum [rerum, C.R.*] conditione noti [non, C.R. 
& B.R.] excusaremus [recusaretmis, C.R.], quin ultro et libentissime 
communi consuleremus utiHtati, dum ahas ut res temporaque postula- 
rent, tum praesertim in pubHca [piierili, C.R. & B.R.] disciplina, quae 
hie in Borealibus hujus Regni Scoti^e partibus passim desideratur, 
instituemus juvanda [desiderentur, instituenda adiuvanda, C.R. & B.R.] 
et promovenda, ut quae hactenus incommoda et detrimenta, Ecclesia, 
Patria et Respublica, maximo bonorum omnium dolore senserunt, 
quatenus propitio Deo per nos fieri possit, quam primum et 
diligentissime resarcirentur. Neque hujus nostri instituti alia ratio 
est, quam ut aliorum, quibus nihil antiquius quam de Ecclesia, 
Patria, et Republica quam optime mereri, tum majorum multorum 
[nostrorum, C.R. & B.R.], qui idem assidue factitarunt, exemplo 
et vestigiis insistentes, Ecclesiae, itidem Patriae et Reipublicae 
adiumento et ornamento esse possemus. Itaque quod olim in hoc 
regno Scotia, ut alibi passim factum est, Reges, Principes, Proceres 
et Episcopi, Ecclesiae, Patriae et Reipublicae imprimis studiosi, 
Collegia instituere et condidere, domicilia Musis sacra, et quasi 
Seminaria, ubi juventus pie et ingenue educaretur, in bonarum 
literarum atque Artium studijs, qui inde in omnes Reipublicae partes, 
ut commodum videretur, transferri possint, sive ad propagandam 
Divini Verbi praedicationem in ecclesijs, sive ad pueritiam rectius 
instituendam, sive ad Politiam administrandam, sive ad alios usus 
sicubi vel Ecclesia vel Respublica postularet ; atque haec Collegia 
publicas studiosorum [sttidiorum, B.R.] Scholas satis amplis redditibus 
et stipendijs donarunt, ad benigne honesteque alendos Praeceptores, 
ipsos Artium Professores, et quosdam etiam Discipulos, premente 
inopiA, ut de suo vitam nequirent tolerare : Nos eadem inducti 
ratione, quod felix faustumque sit, Deum Optimum Maximum 
comprecantes, ut huic nostro incepto favere dignetur, in Nominis sui 

* See page 60. 



I 



1593.] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 4I 

gloriam, Ecclesiae propagationem, et Republicae emolumentum id 
dirigat, ut bene semper huic operi cedat, neque unquam collabi aut 
intercidere patiatur, instituere volumus Abredoniae, quae Nova dicitur 
ad Veteris discrimen, quse urbs de nobis bene merita est, et hoc 
nostro beneficio praesertim devincta, de nobis et successoribus nostris, 
deque nostra tota familia porro rectius merituram confidimus, 
publicum Gymnasium, in aedibus quondam Franciscanorum, quarum 
translatio in hunc usum maxime opportuna et commodissima visa est, 
ubi et caeteris artibus humanitatis, ipsaque Philosophia et sinceriore 
pietate, maxime instituatur atque erudiatur juventus, idoneis et doctis 
tradita praeceptoribus, quibus nostro beneficio dabuntur stipendia 
quae conveniant. 

Itaque donamus et concedimus libere et gratuito atque a nobis 
et successoribus nostris in perpetuum alienamus et transferimus 
et ad mortuam ut ajunt manum dimittimus praeceptoribus et studiosis 
caeterisque ordinarijs Academiae nostrae membris, a nobis constitutis 
et constituendis, totum et integrum mansum et manerias, glebas, 
hortos, claustra, Ecclesiam cum puteis, quae olim pertinebant ad fratres 
Franciscanos vulgo Gray Freiris Abredonenses prout muris cinguntur 
et limitantur, ex parte orientali vici vulgo Bredgett vocati ; Omnes 
et singulas terras, croftas, rudas, rigas, pomaria, horrea, columbaria, 
tenementa, domos, aedificia, hortos, acras, annuos redditus, feudi- 
fremas, ustrinas, manerias, aliaque quaecunque fratribus praedicatoribus 
et Carmelitanis de Aberdeine, vulgo Black and Whytt Freiris ; Et 
territoria et agros pertinentes ad Nos in Bervy, quondam capellaniam 
de Bervy, ac etiam capellaniam de Covy, vulgo Div^e Marine voca- 
tam, ad nos spectantem, ut latius continent singula in chartis et 
evidentijs nostris quae hie generaliter notasse sufficiet, ac si essent 
specialiter expressa : Tenenda et habenda a [de, C.R.] nobis et succes- 
soribus nostris Mariscalli Comitibus, in pura et perpetua Elymosina : 
Reddendo inde devotarum orationum suffragia tantum. Et quia haec 
omnia ex mera nostra liberalitate Academias nostrae donamus et 
conferimus, proinde nos et haeredes nostros ab omni evictionis et 
varantizationis vinculo liberos esse volumus, facto nostro duntaxat 
excepto, Hos autem proventus [provectus, B.R.] et redditus annuos 
in juventutis aedificationem atque institutionem liberaliter collates, 
in tot personas distribui volumus, videlicet, Gymnasiarcham, Prae- 

F 



42 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

ceptores tres, quos Regentes vocant, Academiae Alumnos sex, Oecono- 
mum, Coquum ; et ut Academise aedes sartae tectae conserventur, has 
omnes dictas personas Collegialiter vivere, id est intra septa Academiae 
simul cibum sumere et dormire volumus.* 



De Officio Gymnasiarchae Ejusque SALARio.t 

Gymnasiarcham probum et pium hominem imprimis esse oportet, 
cui tota Academia et singula ejus membra curae sint, cuique in sin- 
gulas Collegij nostri personas jurisdictionem committimus ordinariam ; 



* The following parallel passages are from the Nova Fundatio of University and 
King's College : — 

Collegium viginti ordinariis vel residentibus personis constituatur : Gymnasiarcha 
quem Principalem vocant, quatuor Regentibus quorum primus erit Sub-principalis, Prae- 
ceptore Grammatico, jEconomo, duodecim pauperibus studentibus, duobus servis altero 
Principalis altero Sub-principalis, et Coquo. ... Ac primum quidem omnes viginti duos 
personas (Praeceptore Grammatico excepto) collegialiter vivere hoc est intra septa Collegii 
simul et cibum sumere et dormire volumus. 



t Gymnasiarcham autem, quem principalem vocant, pium et probum hominem esse 
oportet, in totum Collegium et singula illius membra subesse oporteat, cui in singulas 
Collegii nostri personas jurisdictionem committimus ordinariam. Is in sacris Uteris probe 
institutus, ad aperienda fidei mysteria et reconditos Divini Verbi thesauros idoneus, 
linguarum etiam gnarus et peritus sit oportet, imprimis vero Hebraice et Syriace, cujus 
Professorem esse instituimus (linguam enim sacram ut par est promovere inter subditos 
nostros cupimus ut Scripturarum fontes et mysteria rectius aperiant). . . . Prae victu et 
honorario ei et famulo suo constituimus in presentiarum pro ratione redituum, quos jam 
habet Collegium, viginti quatuor boUas farinae avenariae seu hordei et ducentas mercas 
monetae Scotiae. 

Quartus regens, quem Subprincipalem nominamus . . . physiologiam omnem eamque 
quae de natura animalium utpote imprimis necessariam de Graeco Aristotelis contextu 
enarrabit ; Geographiam et Astrologiam profitebitur, necnon generalem etiam cosmo- 
graphiam et temporum a condito mundo supputationem, quae res ad alias disciplinas et 
Historiarum cognitionem non parum lucis adfert, quibus sub anni finem sanctae linguae 
prjecepta una cum earundem nonnulla praxi adjunget. . . . Quoniam vero hujus quarti 
regentis opera et laboribus Colophonam philosophico studio imponi volumus, ac pileo 
coronatos adolescentes ad graviora studia alacrius contendere, . . . eidem, cum suo famulo 
pro annuo victu et salario assignamus ut Collegii redditus nunc se habent, viginti quatuor 
hollas farinae avenaticae et octuaginta libras monetse regni nostri Scotiae. 



1593] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 43 

is in sacris literis probe instructus, ad aperienda fidei mysteria et 
reconditos Divini Verbi thesauros idoneus, Lingvarum etiam gnarus et 
peritus esto, imprimis vero Hebraicse et Syriacae quam propagari cupi- 
mus; in singulas septimanas Die Lunse in Sacris Literis doceat horam 
unam ; Jdem post octo acromaticos libros quos tertius Regens ex- 
plicabit, reliquam Physiologiam omnem e Grseco Aristotelis contextu 
enarrabit, cui addet brevem anatomiae explicationem ; Jdem geo- 
graphiam, chronologise [chronologiam, C.R. & B.R.] et Astronomiae 
principia proponet ; Hebraicam insuper Grammaticam cum aliqua 
praeceptorum praxi adjunget. Post confectum studiorum curriculum 
pileo Magisterii donabit idoneos. Cui cum publicse disciplinae onus 
incumbat (sic enim pro rato volumus) et ipsius famulo quod [quam, 
C.R. & B.R.] necessarium esse putamus assignamus, tres hordei 
celdras et Centum Mercas moneti [monetae, C.R.] hujus regni. 



De Officio Regentium Eorumque Salario.* 

Proximus post gymnasiarcham Regens Arithmeticae et geo- 
metriae elementa, selectiora ex Aristotelis libris Ethicwn et Politicwn 
e Graeco contextu explicabit, quibus et Ciceronis libros de officijs, ad 
mores melius informandos et lingvam Latinam locupletandam ad- 
junget, et sub anni tertij finem Aristotelici Organi Physici acroamaticos 
libros interpretabitur. Tertius ordine Organum Logicum et prae- 

* Tertius [Regens] Arithmeticae et Geometriae Rudimenta, Selectionem ex Aristotelis 
organo Logico, una cum ejusdem libris Ethicton et Politicwn e Graeco contextu enarrabit ; 
quibus et librorum Marci Tullii de Officiis ad mores melius reformandos et linguam Latinam 
locupletandam explicationem adjunget. . . . Proximus prascepta inventionis, dispositionis, et 
elocutionis quam possit facili methodo suos auditores . . . docebit, usumque praeceptorum 
ex optimis utriusque linguae authoribus prasceptis adjunget, adolescentesque tum scribendo, 
tum declamando exercebit, ut in utriusque linguas facultate pares ad Philosophiae praecepta 
capessenda magis idonei evadere possint. . . . Primae et infimae classi praefectus Gr^cae 
linguae institutionem profitebitur, addita enarratione quam facillimorum et optimorum 
authorum utriusque linguae, eosdemque frequenti styli exercitio, sex primis mensibus 
Latinae compositioni, reliquis sequentibus Graecae inscription! assuefaciet. . . . Unicunque 
horum regentium pro annuo victu et salario, prout Collegii reditus nunc se habent, unam 
chalderam farinae [avenaticae, una cum quadraginta septem libris et septem decem solidis 
monetae regni nostri assignamus. 



44 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

ceptorum inventionis et judicij praxin ex optimis utriusque lingvae 
authoribus docebit, adolescentes turn scribendo turn declamando 
exercebit, ut in utriusque lingvae facultate pares progressus facere 
possint. QUARTUS qui et infimus Graecae Lingvae institutionem pro- 
fitebitur, addita enarratione quam facillimorum authorum utriusque 
Lingvae ; eosdemque frequenti styli exercitio, sex primis mensibus 
Latinae compositioni, reliquis sequentibus Graecae scriptioni assvefaciat, 
quibus adjunget breve Compendium aliquod Jnventionis et Judicii 
Logici. HoRUM autem trium Stipendium par esto, cedant nimirum 
singulis, viginti quatuor bollae hordei et quadraginta librae in victum 
et annuum salarium. 



De Praesentatione et Admissione per Cancellarium, Rectorem, 
Decanum Facultatis, etc.* 

Omniumque electio et admissio erit ad hunc modum. Prae- 
ceptorum omnium nominatio, quam praesentationem vocant, quoties 
locus morte, dimissione, vel discessu vacabit, penes Comitem Maris- 
CALLUM Fundatorem, ejusque haeredes erit ; Examen autem et ad- 
missio penes hos vel horum partem majorem, nempe Academiae 
Cancellarium, si Minister verbi sit, Rectorem, Decanum Facultatis, 
Veteris Academiae Gymnasiarcham, Novae Abredoniae Ministrum, 
Ministros Verbi in Fetteresse et Deir. Et si eligendus erit Gymnasi- 

• Quoties vero dictum GjminasiarchaB munus quovis modo vacari contigerit, Regentes 
qui pro tempore fuerint ejusdem vacationis denunciationem dicti Gymnasiarchae Electoribus 
ilico facere tenebant, ut illi certiores facti alium virum gravem et idoneum qui id muneris 
obeat sufficere possent ; Cujusquidem Electionis legittimum tempus erit intra Sexaginta dies 
a denunciatione vacationis dicti muneris. Quod si subscripti electores distulerint Elec- 
tionem Gymnasiarchae, turn numerus eorum major, praescripto tempore sexaginta dierum 
jam exacto, electionem absolvit, idque intra quadraginta dies post exactos priores sexaginta. 
Examinatio et Electio dicti Gymnasiarchae ad Prefectum seu Primarium novi sui theologici 
Collegii in Academia Andreana, Cancellarium Universitatis Aberdonensis, qui est Episcopus 
Aberdonensis, Rectorem Universitatis, Decanum Facultatis, Sub-principalem Collegii, tres 
reliquos Regentes ejusdem Collegii ita ut omnes tres unum tantummodo habeant suf- 
firagium, Ministrum Ecclesiae Novae Aberdoniae, Gymnasiarcham Collegii Edinensis. Et 
quemcunque hi omnes aut eorum pars major, una cum Cancellario et uno ex duobus dictis 
Gymnasiarchis Andreano et Edinensi, consentientibus votis in unum eligerint, reliquis 
absentibus et ad diem indictum ubi legitime admoniti fuerint non comparentibus, illius 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 45 

archa hujus novae Academise, suffragium unum habeant tres 
Academiae Regentes ; in Regentium vero electione, Gymnasiarcha 
suffragium ferat. Quod si omnes electores in electione non inter- 
fuerint, eorum pars major, ut dictum est, electionem ratam faciat. 
Consummabitur vero electio intra diem sexagesimum a die Vacationis 
praecedenti, edicto publico in valliis [valvis, C.R. & B.R.] Collegii 
et templi novae Abredoniae per Decanum Facultatis et Academiae 
Praeceptores [affixo, C.R. & B.R.] per eosdem citatis ad diem 
electioni indictum ministris a Deir et Fetteresse. 



Regentes ad Novas Transilire Professiones non Debent.* 

NoLUMUS autem Academiae nostrae Praeceptores ad Novas pro- 
fessiones transilire, sed ut in eadem professione se exerceant, ut 
adolescentes qui gradatim ascendent, dignum suis studijs et ingenijs 
nanciscantur praeceptorem, ni aliter Cancellarius, Rector, Gymnasi- 



rata erit Electio. At si nullus prasdictorum Gymnasiarcharum duorum adfuerit et consuit, 
irrita sit Electio : quamquidem examinationem electionem et admissionem procedere 
volumus, edicto publico valvis Collegii Aberdonensis et Ecclesiarum tarn veteris quam novas 
Urbis per Regentes affixo supra praemonitione triginta dierum ad minimum. , . 
[Sub-principalis] electio erit penes Cancellarium Universitatis, Rectorem, Decanum Facul- 
tatis, Principalem Collegii, Ecclesiae Novas Aberdoniae Ministrum, tres Regentes ejusdem 
Collegii, ita ut hi tres unum tantum habeant suffragium, aut si minus una omnes adesse 
possint, volumus ex prenominatis electoribus quatuor, id est qui quatuor suffiragia tenent 
ad minimum interesse, et ex his quatuor Principalem Collegii una cum Ministro Novae 
Aberdoniae alioquin irritam fore electionem ; fietque ejus electio infra mensem a die vaca< 
tionis edicto publico a Principali affixo super valvis Collegii et Ecclesiarum Novae et Veteris 
Aberdoniae. . . . Eligentur autem hi tres Regentes vel eorum aliquis, quoties vacare 
ejusmodi locum contigerit, per Universitatis Cancellarium, Rectorem, Decanum Facultatis, 
Collegii Principalem, Sub-principalem, Novae Aberdoniae Ministrum, tres Regentes ejusdem 
Collegii ita ut &c. 

* Quatuor autem hos regentes noluimus (prout in Regni nostri academiis olim mos fuit) 
novas professiones quotannis immutare, quo factum fuit ut dum multa profiterentur, in 
paucis periti invenirentur, verum voluimus ut in eadem professione se exerceant, ut adoles- 
centes qui gradatim ascendunt, dignum suis studiis et ingeniis praeceptorem reperire 
quaeant quod si Gymnasii fuerit, idque Gymnasiarchae Subprincipali, Rectori, 

Cancellario, Decano Facultatis, visum fuerit, aut ex his tribus nimirum Principali, Sub- 
principali, Decano Facultatis, tres reliqui Regentes, ex eorum decreto, mutare inter se 



46 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

archa, Decanus Facultatis, et Novae Abredonia Minister de uno aut 
aliquo praeceptore altero Academiae emolumento secus statuerit. Ut 
AUTEM cum fructu Praeceptores juventuti praeesse possint, et Juventus 
in studijs praeclaros progressus facere, erit Gymnasiarchae, Rectori, 
Cancellario, Decano Facultatis, authores qui Juventuti praeponi, [pro- 
poni, B.R.] debeant praescribere, ita tamen ut omnes authores ijs 
linguis, quibus primum scripserunt, Studiosis enarrentur. Volumus 
etiam praefatos nostros Regentes, eorum curae commissos, docendo, 
scribendo, declamando, disputando, quam diligentissime in palestra 
literaria exerceant, praesertim vero duarum infimarum classium 
studiosos, quotidianae compositioni assuefacere [assuefieri, C.R. & 
B.R.], horamque unam quotidie ad minimum hac in re consumere ; 
Jtidem, post exactos primos octodecim menses, studiosos omnes, 
singulis mensibus publicis declamationibus, tam Graece quam Latine 
alternatim exerceri, utque hac pia emulatione magis inflammentur 
studia, studiosos omnes in decurias distribui, et singulo quoque mense 
ita censuram agi, ut doctissimus quisque caeteris omnibus praeferatur. 



provincias possunt ; qui etiam authores juventuti proponendos singulis annis praescribent, 
ita tamen ut omnes iis linguis quibus primum scripserunt studiosis enarrentur. Volumus 
etiam praefatos nostros Regentes eorum curae commissos docendo, scribendo, declamando, 
disputando, quam diligentissime in palaestra literaria exerceant, praesertim vero duarum 
infimarum classium studiosos quotidianas compositioni assuefieri, horamque unam quotidie 
ad minimum hac in re consumere. Item post exactos primos octodecim menses, studiosos 
omnes singulis mensibus publicis declamationibus tam Graece quam Latine diligenter 
exercere utque hac pia emulatione magis inflammentur studia, studiosos omnes in decurias 
distribui, et singulo quoque mense ita censuram agi ut doctissimus quisque caeteris 
omnibus praeferatur.* 

• Coniijare also : — 

Item that the youth may atteane vnto perfite knawledge of humanite and trew philosophie 
We ordain that in aither of the vther twa collegis viz. Sanctleonardis and Sanctsalvatouris thair 
sail be besyde the principall foure ordinair professouris or regentis euerie ane continewing in his 
awin professioun. — St. Andrews, Reformation. 

Tres autem hos regentes nolumus prout in reliquis regni nostri Academiis consuetudo est 
nouas professiones quotannis immutare quo fit vt dum multa profiteantur in paucis periti inueni- 
antur verum in eadem professione se exerceant vt adolescentes qui gradatim ascendunt dignum' 
suis studiis et ingeniis preceptorem reperire queant. — Glasgow, Erectio Regia. 

In the College of Edinburgh, from the outset until 1708, the teaching was on the old plan 
of regents. Cf. Sir A. Grant's Story, Vol. L, pp. 147, 262. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 47 

Qui Sunt Admittendi, et Gradu Magisterii Donandi, etc.* 

Adh^c volumus neminem in studiosorum numerum in primum 
ordinem admitti, nisi qui diligenti exploratione per Decanum, Gymnasi- 
archam, ties Regentes, Praeceptores utriusque Scholae Grammatices, 
aut eorum alterum, ad id juratos omnes, dignus eo ordine censebitur. 
Singulis quoque annis ordinum promotiones, per gradus progressionis 
fieri volumus, ita ut primi ordinis studiosi ad secundum transeant, 
secundi ad tertium, tertij ad quartum, quarti denique absolute studio 
Philosophico Laurea Magisterii donentur. Jn quibus gradibus hoc 
diligentur caveatur ne quisquam indignus promotione in superiorem 
ordinem transeat, nisi justo examine per Decanum Facultatis, Gym- 
nasiarcham, tres Regentes, Praeceptores Scholarum veteris et novae 
Abredoniae, aut eorum alterum, ad id juratos publice omnes, per eos 
habito. Si quis autem per eos promotione indignus censeatur, in 
eodem quo prius permanebit ordine, donee dignus promotione ad 
superiorem per eos judicabitur. Has examinationes, promotiones, 
et in Academiam nostram admissiones, singulis annis Calendis Octobris 
inchoari volumus. Singulis diebus Dominicis, in singulis Classibus 
lectionem Dominicam sacram [lectionem sacram, C.R.] ex Novo Testa- 
mento Graeco proponi volumus, ita ut primae Classi Evangelium 
Divi Lucae, Secundae Acta Apostolorum, Tertiae Epistolam Divi 

* Adhsec volumus neminem in Studiosorum numerum in primum ordinem admitti, 
nisi qui diligenti exploratione per Decanum, Principalem, Sub-principalem, tres Regentes, 
Praeceptores utriusque Scholse Grammatices, aut eorum alterum, ad id juratos omnes, 
dignus eo ordine censebitur. Singulis quoque annis ordinum promotiones per gradus 
progressionis fieri volumus, ita ut primi ordinis studiosi ad secundum transeant, secundi 
ad tertium, tertii ad quartum, quarti denique absoluto studio philosophico laurea magisterii 
donentur. In quibus gradibus hoc diligenter caveatur, ne quisquam indignus promotione 
in superiorem ordinem transeat, nisi justo examine per Decanum Facultatis, Principalem, 
Sub-principalem, tres Regentes, Magistros Scholarum Novae et Veteris Abredoniae, aut 
eorum alterum, ad id juratos publice omnes per eos habito, Siquis autem per eos pro- 
motione indignus censebitur, in eodem quo prius permanebit ordine, donee dignus pro- 
motione ad superiorem per eos judicabitur. Has examinationes, promotiones, et in 
Collegium nostrum admissiones, singulis annis Calendis Octobris inchoare volumus. 
Singulis diebus Dominicis in singulis classibus lectionem sacram ex Novo Testamento 
proponi volumus, ita ut primae classi Evangelium Divi Lucae, secundae Acta Apostolorum, 
tertiae Epistolam Divi Pauli ad Romanos, quarts Epistolam ad Hebraeos, sui prasceptores 
mane hora sexta perlegant, hora vero quarta pomeridiana eandem prelectionem, a suis 
quisque discipulis exigat. 



48 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Pauli ad Romanos, quartae Epistolam ad Hebraeos, sui praeceptores 
mane hora sexta perlegant, hora vero quarta pomeridiana eandem 
lectionem a suis quisque Discipulis exigat. 

De Primarii Authoritate in Regentes deque Electione Sex 

bursariorum.* 

Potestas autem emendandi et corrigendi dictos Regentes erit 
penes dictum Gymnasiarcham, quem penes erit Academia ejicere et 
exterminare, si postpositis eorum officijs (ter ut dictum est) admoniti, 
resipiscere noluerint ; cognita tamen causa, et adhibito consilio Rectoris 
et Decani Facultatis. Porro paupertatis cura habita, et quod multi 
prae inopia [per inopiam, B.R.] a bonis Uteris deterreantur, adjunximus 
Alumnos sex quos Bursarios vocant, eisque singulis assignamus pro 
annuo victu, ex redditibus dictae Academiae, triginta libras ; eos pauper- 
tatis nomine commendatos esse volumus, quibus parentes et amici 
prae inopia [per inopiam, B.R.] victum suppeditare non queant, eosque 
ingenij praestantia et Grammaticae facultatis peritia bonisque moribus 
valere. Electio admissio et collatio dictorum Bursariorum erit ad 
banc formam. Gymnasiarcha, vel ipso absente publico programmate 
valvis Academiae affixo, viginti dies ante Calendas Octobris omnibus id 
beneficij expetentibus, denunciabit, ut ad eum diem se sistant examini 
per Rectorem, Decanum Facultatis, novae Abredoniae Ministrum, 
Gymnasiarcham, tres praeceptores quibus unicum concedimus suffra- 
gium, juratos omnes, quique diligenti exploratione habita, paupertatis 

* Potestas autem emendandi et corrigendi dictos Regentes erit penes dictum Princi- 
palem et Sub-principalem, quibus etiam potestas erit eosdem Collegio ejiciendi si postpositis 
eorum ofHciis, ter ut dictum est, admoniti resipiscere noluerint, cognita tamen causa, et 
adhibito consilio Rectoris et Decani Facultatis. Porro paupertatis habita cura, et quod 
multi ab inopia a bonis Uteris deterreantur, adjunximus duodecim pauperes studentes quos 
Bursarios vocant, iisque singulis assignamus pro annuo victu ex redditibus dicti Collegii 
triginta libras. Eos paupertatis nomine commendatos esse volumus, quibus parentes et 
amici prae inopia victum et amictum suppeditare non queant, eosque ingenii praestantia et 
grammaticae facultatis peritia, bonisque moribus valere. Electio admissio et collatio dict- 
orum Bursariorum erit ad banc formam. Principalis, vel ipso absente Sub-principalis, 
publico programmate valvis Collegii affixo, viginti dies ante Calendas Octobris, omnibus 
id beneficium expetentibus denunciabit, ut ad eum diem se sistant examine per Rectorem, 
Decanum Facultatis, novae Aberdoniaj Ministrum, Principalem, Sub-principalem, tres 
Regentes quibus concedimus unum sufifragium, juratos omnes, quique diligenti explora- 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 49 

et doctrinse nomine eo beneficio maxime egere, eoque digni reperiantur, 
ut in Bursariorum album adscribantur. Loco electionis horum nomi- 
natio penes Mariscallum ejusque haeredes erit. Examen, admissio, at 
collatio, penes Cancellarium, Rectorem, Gymnasiarcham, Decanum 
Facultatis, quibus curae erit providere, ne divites pauperum loco 
admittantur, neve fuci alvearia depascant, atque eos tantum in Aca- 
demiam recipere, qui Patri^ ornamento et Ecclesi^ usui esse pos- 
sint. Hos autem pauperes nostros humilitatis et obedientiae exemplar 
esse volumus, et per omnia praeceptoribus morem. gerere, quod nisi 
fecerint, potestatem facimus dicto Gymnasiarch^ et praeceptoribus 
eos puniendi, et pro ratione delicti usque ad eorum ejectionem e 
dicta Academia inclusive, si propter eorum contumaciam id promeriti 
fuerint. Hi longis togis induti sint, et praecincti zona pellicea alba, 
quatuor digitis lata, et horum erit hebdomadatim et vicissim omnium 
in Academia dormientium cubicula bora quinta circuire, studiosos 
ad studia excitare, lumenque hyeme afferre, nee non alia leviora 
ministeria in aula prandii aut coenae tempore, imprimis ferculis et 
dapibus mensae imponendis, aqua ministranda detrectare, quae sine 
studiorum suorum dispendio a Gymnasiarcha, caeterisque praecep- 
toribus, illis injungentur. Eorum in Academia ingressus Calendis Octo- 
bris sit, permaneantque in studio literario, et Academiae sumptibus 
(ut dictum est) alantur totos quatuor annos, quod tempus idoneum 
judicamus ad studium Philosophicum consummandum et Lauream 

tione habita, paupertatis et doctrinse nomine eo beneficio maxime egere, eoque maxime 
digni reperiuntur, in Bursariorum album inscribuntur. , , . Cura erit provideri, ne divites 
loco pauperum admittantur, neve fuci alveario depascantur, sed eos tantum in Gymnasium 
recipere, qui Patriae ornamento et Ecclesise usui esse poterint. Hos autem pauperes 
nostros humilitatis et obedientiae exemplar esse volumus, et per omnia praeceptoribus morem 
gerere, quod ni fecerint, potestatem facimus dicto Gymnasiarchae et Praeceptoribus eos 
puniendi, et pro ratione delicti usque ad eorum ejectionem e dicto Collegio inclusive, si 
propter eorum contumaciam id promeriti fuerint. Hi longis togis induti sint, praecincti 
zona pellicea alba, ad quatuor digitos lata, et horum erit hebdomadatim et vicissim omnium 
in Collegio dormientium cubicula hora quinta circumire, nempe matutina, studiosos ad 
studia excitare, lumenque hyeme afferre, nee non alia tenuiora ministeria in aula prandii 
aut ccense tempore, (ut in ferculis et dapibus mensae imponendis et aqua ministranda) obire 
et ejusmodi alia quae sine studiorum suorum dispendio a Gymnasiarcha, caeterisque Prae- 
ceptoribus, illis injungentur, , . . Horam ad Collegium ingressus Calendis Octobris sit, per- 
maneantque in studio literario, et Gymnasii sumptibus, ut dictum est, alantur, totis quatuor 
annis, quod tempus idoneum judicamus ad studium philosophicum consummandum et lauream 
adipiscendam, quibus exactis, novi Bursarii provideantur, donee iterum ad metam decurrerint, 

G 



50 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

adipiscendam, quibus exactis novi Bursarii provideantur, donee iterum 
ad metam decurrerint. 

De Officio CEconomi.* 

CEcoNOMUM AUTEM et provisorem hominem bonum et industrium 
requirimus, cui salus Academise sua ipsius longe sit potior; is initio 
suae administrationis cautionem praestabit, res Academiae salvas fore, 
seque bona fide administraturum ; penes eum erit omnes proventus et 
redditus Academiae qualescunque colligere, dicere diem debitoribus, 
convenire in judicio nomine Academiae, et caetera legitima [legitime, 
B.R.] peragere. Ejus erit tempestive ex Praeceptorum arbitrio 
Academiae providere in ijs quae ad victum pertinent, et fori quotidie 
curam agere in iis emendis quae ad Academiae sustentationem per- 
tinent, fructus et redditus Collegii perceptos Gymnasiarchae, tribus 
Praeceptoribus, adeoque omnibus fundatis personis distribuere, tem- 
pestive quod cuique hac nostra fundatione assignamus et bona fide 
exolvere ; nee prius Gymnasiarchae aut Regentibus, quam infimis 
fundatis personis satisfaeiat [satisfiat, B.R. & C.R.], omnibus sine 
discrimine, pro rata eujusque parte, mature debita alimenta et stipendia 
persolvat ; quorum omnium singulis septimanis Gymnasiarchae, et re- 
liquis Praeceptoribus rationem reddere tenebitur, ne qua in re minima 
fraus fiat ulli fundatae personae, qui etiam negligentiam Oeconomi et 
injuriam si fuerit ulla arguent et castigabunt : adhaec etiam adhibitis 
ubi res postulabit [postulaverit, B.R. & C.R.] Rectore et Decano 
Facultatis in consiHum, qui de remedio in omnibus imminentibus 
Academiae damnis mature provideant. CEconomi Electio penes 

* CEconomum autem et provisorem hominem bonum et industrium requirimus, cui 
salus Collegii imprimis curae sit ; hie initio suae administrationis cautionem praistabit, res 
Collegii salvas fore, seque bona fide administraturum ; penes eum erit omnes proventus et 
redditus Collegii qualescunque colligere, dicere diem debitoribus, convenire in judicio 
nomine Collegii et caetera legittime peragere. Ejus erit tempestive, ex prasceptorum 
arbitrio Collegio providere, in iis quae ad victum pertinent, et fori quotidie curam agere, 
in iis emendis quae ad Collegii sustentationem pertinent, fructus et redditus Collegii per- 
ceptos Principali, Sub-principali, tribus praeceptoribus, adeoque omnibus fundatis personis, 
distribuere tempestive, quod cuique hac nostra fundatione assignamus, et bona fide exsolvere, 
. . , prius Principali aut Subprincipali, quam infimis fundatis personis satisfiat, omnibus 
sine discrimine, pro rata eujusque parte, mature debita adjuncta et stipendia persolvat. 
Quorum omnium singulis septimanis Principali, Sub-principali, et reliquis Praeceptoribus 
rationem reddere tenebitur, ne qua in re minima fraus fiat fundatis personis, qui etiam 
negligentiam CEconomi et incuria si ulla fuerit arguent et castigabunt ; ad hasc etiam 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 5 1 

Cancellarium, Rectorem, Gymnasiarcham, Decanum Facultatis, Novae 
Abredonise Ministrum, et Regentes, vel eorum partem majorem erit. 
Approbatio et admissio penes Mariscallum ejusque haeredes, qui in 
60 munere ad tres annos ut minimum permanebit. Et quia hujus 
partes sunt tempestive providere in ijs quae ad vitam pertinent omnium 
membrorum in Academia, ut justo et equabili pretio commodius id 
prsestare possit {posset, B.R.j, volumus ut singulis annis Calendis 
videlicet Octobris ex consilio Rectoris, Decani Facultatis, Gym- 
nasiarchae, Praefecti et Ballivorum Novse et Veteris Abredonise, ad- 
junctis una cum alijs quatuor ex consilio Novae Abredoniae, pretia 
pro cibarijs omnium fundatorum Collegii, tum etiam aliorum Con- 
vivarum in Academia qui non sunt ex ejusdem fundatione, pro 
ratione caritatis vel vilitatis [utilitatis, B.R.] eorum, quae ad victum 
pertinent aestimentur et constituantur ; simulque quis dapium aut 
ferculorum numerus, quae potus et panis mensura et qualitas, quisque 
totius \toties, B.R.] tractationis modus praescribatur : quorum consilium 
hac in parte dictum nostrum Oeconomum observare et sequi volumus. 
Et quia crebro solent fieri pretiorum commutationes, ne quid damno 

adhibitis, ubi representaverit Rectori et Decano Facultatis in consilium, qui de remedio 
in omnibus Collegii imminentibus damnis mature provideant, Electio CEconomi autem fit 
ad eam formam quam in eligendis tribus inferioribus Regentibus prescripsimus, qui in eo 
munere ad minimum per tres annos permanebit. Et quia hujus partes sunt tempestive 
providere, in iis quae ad vitam pertinent omnium membrorum Collegii, ut justo et equabili 
pretio commodius id praestare possit, volumus ut singulis annis, Calendis viz Octobris, ex 
consilio Rectoris, Decani Facultatis, Principalis, Praefecti et Ballivorum nova; et veteris 
Abredoniae, adjunctis una aliis quatuor ex senatu Novae Abredoniae, pretia, pro cibariis omnium 
fundatorum Collegii, tum etiam aliorum Convivarum in Collegio qui non sint ex fundatione, 
pro ratione caritatis et vilitatis eorum quae ad victum pertinent aestimentur et constituantur, 
simulque quis dapium et ferculorum numerus, quae potus et panis mensura et qualitas, quis- 
que totius tractationis modus praescribatur ; Quorum consilium hac in parte dictum nostrum 
CEconomum observare et sequi volumus : Et quia crebro solent fieri pretiorum commutationes, 
ne quid damni vel nostro Collegio vel dicto CEconomo volumus ut ter singulis annis, 
Calendis viz Februarii, Maii, et Augusti, postea idem CEconomus ex consilio Rectoris, 
Decani Facultatis, Principalis et Magistrorum Collegii, adjunctis duobus civibus seu Ballivis 
seu consiliariis novae urbis mensuram prius pretio constituto pro cibariis augere vel minuere 
pro rerum caritate vel vilitate possit. Quoniam autem variis curis et occupationibus distrahi 
Provisorem nostrum oportebit, propter ea quae necessario ad recipiendos Collegii proventus 
ab eo impendentur, qu^ illi in rationibus deduci aequum est, ei salarii nomine assignamus et 
annumeramus pro praesenti statu reddituum Collegii, sex bollas farinse avenaticae et sexaginta 
sex libras tredecim solidos et quatuor nummos. 



52 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

vel Academiae vel dicto Oeconomo contlngat, volumus, ut postea 
singulis annis Calendis videlicet Februarij, Maij, et Augusti, idem 
Oeconomus ex consilio Rectoris, Decani Facultatis, Gymnasiarchae, 
et Regentium Academiae, adjunctis duobus Civibus seu Ballivis seu 
Consularibus novae Urbis, mensarum pretia prius constituta pro 
cibarijs augere vel minuere pro rerum caritate vel vilitate [utilitate, 
B.R.] possit. QuoNiAM autem varijs curis et occupationibus distrahi 
Provisorem nostrum oportebit, praeter ea quae necessario ad recipiendos 
Collegij proventus ab eo impenduntur, quae illi in rationibus deduci 
aequum est, ei salarii nomine assignamus et annumeramus. . . . 

COQUUS.* 

CoQUUS item idoneus eligatur per Gymnasiarcham, Regentes et 
Provisorem, qui praeparandis cibariis et excolendo horto Gymnasij 
inserviat : huic pro laboribus et victu allocamus. . . . Js olera suis 
sumptibus suppeditabit in usum membrorum fundatorum in dicta 
Academia, curabitque hortum et deambulacra munda fore in usum 
Magistrorum et Regentium, commoda reliqua horti suis sumptibus 
applicare licebit. 

DiVERSO MUNERE FUNGI NGN LICET. ITEM : De UxORE, VaCA- 
TIONIBUS, CONVIVIIS, ETC.f 

Et quo liberius Magistrorum quisque in hac Academia suo 
officio invigilare possit, cavemus ne quis omnium Magistrorum 
aliquod aliud publicum munus extra septa ejusdem sibi accersat, 
prseter quod in hac nostra fundatione et erectione injunximus, 
adeo ut neque Rectoris neque Decani Facultatis munere quisquam 
eorum fungatur. Quod si quem fundatarum personarum Uxorem 
ducere contigerit, cavemus ne uxor ejus, Alias, aut famula [uxor 

* Coquum etiam eligatur per Principalem Sub-principalem, Regentes et Provisorem, qui 
praeparandis cibariis, et excolendo horto Gymnasii inserviat. Huic pro laboribus et victu 
allocamus triginta libras ; olera suis sumptibus suppeditabit in usum membrorum dicti 
CoUegii, curabitque hortum et deambulacra munda fore in usum Magistrorum dicti CoUegii ; 
commoda reliqua horti suis usibus applicare licebit. 

+ Et quo liberius quisque in hac Academia suo officio invigilare possit, cavemus ne 
quis Magistrorum aliquid aliud publicum munus extra septa CoUegii sibi accersat, praeter 
quod in hac nostra fundatione et erectione injunximus, adeo ut neque Rectoris neque Decani 
Facultatis munere quisquam eorum fungatur. Quod si cuivis fundatarum personarum uxorem 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 53 

ejus aut familia, B.R.], intra septa Academiae versentur, nedum 
ullo modo habitent aut pernoctent. Quo autem haec nostra Academia 
et literarum cultura et morum elegantia magis efflorescat, uberioresque 
fructus haec nostra institutio proferat, volumus tarn omnes Academiae 
nostrae fundatas personas quam eo confluentes studiosos severa morum 
disciplina contineri, et ne intermissione studiorum et moribus et 
literis damnum afferatur, omnes consvetas olim a studijs Vacationes 
penitus aboleri. Vetamus etiam ne in promotionibus ad quemcunque 
[quejnque, B.R.] gradum ulla sumptuosiora Convivia agitentur, quic- 
quamve admittatur, quod praescriptam in Academiae [Academia, B.R. 
& C.R.] disciplinam quovis modo possit vel remorari vel solvere. 
Imprimis autem cavemus ne quisquam Studiosorum, Praeceptoribus 
exceptis, arma quaevis, seu ad inferendam seu ad propulsandam 
injuriam apta, utpote Loricam, thoracem ferreum, cassidem, chiro- 
thecas ferreas, gladium, pugionem, scutum, machinas, frameam, 
sclopas \sclopos, B.R. & C.R.] et id genus armorum habeat, aut 
quovis modo ijs utatur, intra vel extra Academiam, sed scalpellis 
tantum cultellisque cibis scindendis accommodis solummodo utantur ; 
qui contra fecerit primum damno et confiscatione armorum per 
Gymnasiarcham et Praeceptores mulctetur, secundo delinquens ex 
disciplina Academiae in publicis scholis verberibus castigetur, quod 
si tertio banc nostram legem violaverit, tandem indignus studiosorum 
numero Academia ejiciatur. 

ducere contigerit, cavemus ne uxor ejus, filiae, aut famulae, intra septa Collegii versentur, 
nedum ullo modo habitent aut pernoctent. Quo autem hoc nostrum Gymnasium et 
literarum cultura et morum elegantia magis efflorescat, uberiores fructus hsec nostra 
Institutio proferat, volumus tam omnes Collegii nostri fundatas personas quam confluentes 
studiosos severa morum disciplina contineri, et ne intermissione studiorum et moribus 
et literis damnum inferat, omnes consuetas olim a studiis vacationes aboleri penitus. 
Vetamus etiam ne in promotionibus ad quemcunque gradum ulla sumptuosiora convivia 
agitentur, quicquam admittatur, quod prasscriptam in Gymnasio disciplinam quovis 
modo vel possit removeri vel solvere. Imprimis autem cavemus, ne quisqum studio- 
sorum, Praeceptoribus exceptis, arma quasvis seu ad inferendam seu ad propulsandam 
injuriam apta, utpote loricam, thoracem ferream, cassidem, chirothecas ferreas gladium, 
pugionem, machceram, frameam, sclopas et id genus armorum habeat, aut quovis modo iis 
utatur in Collegio aut extra Collegium, sed scalpellis tantum cultellisque cibis scindendis 
commodis solummodo utantur ; qui contra fecerit primum damno et confiscatione armorum 
per Principalem et Sub-principalem aut Praeceptores mulctetur, secundo delinquens ex dis- 
ciplina Gymnasii in publicis scholis verberibus castigetur, quod si tertio banc legem viola- 
verit, tanquam indignus studiosorum numero ejiciatur. 



54 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

PRiEDiCTiE* quoque omnes fundatae personae intra septa Academiae 
et vescantur et dormiant : Siquis autem bursariorum, venia non 
impetrata (ut dictum est) extra Academiam dormiverit, et admonitus 
et castigatus non resipiscat, beneficio bursae statim privetur ; studio- 
sorum vero reliqui, qui cubiculis intra septa Academiae fruuntur, in 
ijsdem cubent et pernoctent, si secus fecerint, cubiculis suis moveantur. 
Jidem extra Academiam victitantes nunquam nisi destinatis ad cibum 
capiendum horis extra ipsam reperiantur, si extra cubaverint ad 
SEXTAM statirn matutinam ingrediantur, nee ante nonam exeant, 
reversis a jentaculo ante horam decimam, ante duodecimam non 
licebit exire, in eaque ad sextam vespertinam permaneant, nisi ludendi 
venia omnibus concedatur ; cum autem simul ingressi, ab aliquo 
praeceptore, qui hebdomadatim banc curam sustinebit, in campos 
deducentur et una reducentur, neque ludendi tempus ultra duas 
boras ab egressu ex Academia protrahatur, quo possint ad lectiones 
opportune redire ; huic etiam Praeceptori banc curam injungimus, ut 
bora QUINTA matutina, et [sc. hora, C.R.] nona vespertina, omnia 
cubicula invisat. Volumus etiam studiosos omnes summa Con- 
cordia pacifice inter se vivere, neminem alteri injuriam verbo vel 
facto inferre, Latino aut Graeco sermone uti, ab immodest© et impu- 
dico sermone, ab execrationibus et deierationibus omnibus, denique 
blasphemiis abstinere, horis, sacris concionibus, precibus, Sacris 

* Praedictae quoque omnes personae fundatae intra septa Gymnasii vescant et dormiant : 
siquis autem Bursariorum, venia non impetrata, ut dictum est, extra Collegium dormierit, 
et admonitus et castigatus non resipiscat, beneficio Bursae statim privetur ; studiosorum 
vero reliqui qui cubiculis intra septa Collegii fruuntur, in iisdem cubant et pernoctant, si 
secus fecerint, cubiculis suis removeantur ; iidem extra Collegium victitantes, nunquam nisi 
destinatis horis ad cibuiii capiendum extra Collegium reperiantur, si extra cubaverint ad 
sextam statim matutinam ingrediantur, nee ante nonam Collegio exeant, reversis a jenta- 
culo ante decimam, ante duodecimam non licebit exire, post prandium vero qui in Abredonia 
veteri victitant hora prima qui vero in nova ante secundam pomeridianam Collegium repetant 
et ingrediantur in eoque commorabunt ad sextam vespertinam, nisi ludendi venia omnibus 
concedatur ; turn autem simul egressi, ab aliquo Prseceptorum (qui hebdomadatim banc 
curam sustinebunt) deducentur et una reducentur, neque ludendi tempus ultra duas horas ab 
egressu e Collegio protrahetur, ita ut possint opportune ad lectiones redire ; huic etiam 
praeceptori banc curam injungimus ut hora quinta matutina et nona vespertina omnia 
cubicula invisat. Volumus etiam studiosos omnes summa concordia pacifice inter se 
vivere, neminem alteri injuriam verbo vel facto inferre, Latino aut Graeco sermone uti, ab 
inhonesto et impudico sermone, ab execrationibus et devovationibus omnibusque blasphemiis 
abstinere ; horis sacris, concionibus, precibus, sacris lectionibus. et scripturarum inter- 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 55 

lectionibus, et Scripturarum interpretationi, quam prophetiam voca- 
mus, prescriptis quam diligentissime interesse, in omnibus denique 
quae ad disciplinam Academise pertinent, legibus morem gerere, quae 
a Gymnasiarcha, ex consilio Collegarum, latae sunt, vel in posterum 
ferentur ; quibus et potestatem facimus, Statuta honesta ad [et, B.R.] 
disciplinam nostri Gymnasii sartam tectam conservandam, prout 
occasio tulerit, et e re nata, condendi et constituendi. Qui vero ad 
magisterii Lauream non promoti adhuc, tamen intra Academiam 
vivere constituerunt, ejusdem disciplinae legibus subsint, studiorumque 
rationem Gymnasiarchai et reliquis ejus Collegis reddant. Quod si 
extra Academiam degentes lectionibus tamen publicis vel privatis 
interesse cupiunt, cum omni modestia nee ullo malo exemplo in- 
grediantur, nee reliquorum studia quovis modo remorentur, hisce 
[iisve, B.R. & C.R.] exemplo noceant ; si secus fecerint [fuenni, 
B.R.], Collegio prohibeantur, 

ViSITATIO COLLEGIL* 

Et ut hsec omnia diligentius observentur, ordinamus ut hoc 
nostrum Gymnasium, ter quotannis, per Cancellarium, Rectorem, et 
Decanum Facultatis, utpote Calendis Octobris Februarii Junij, invisa- 
TUR et lustretur, ut si quid sive in doctrina seu disciplina neglectum 
vel corruptum fuerit, ex consilio et admonitione emendari et corrigi 
possit. Jmprimis vero de Religione et fidei professione diligenter 
inquiratur, et cum hie sit Satanse astus, omni modo conetur Juven- 

pretationi, quam prophetiam vocamus, prescriptis, quam diligentissime interesse, in omnibus 
denique quae ad disciplinam Collegii pertinent, legibus morem gerere, quae a Gymnasiarcha 
ex consilio collegarum latje sunt, vel in posterum ferentur ; quibus et potestatem fecimus, 
statuta honesta ad disciplinam nostri Gymnasii sartam tectam conservandarh, prout occasio 
tulerit, et pro re nata, condendi et constituendi. Qui vero ad Magisterii lauream non 
promoti adhuc, tamen intra Gymnasium vivere constituerint, ejusdem disciplinse legibus 
subsint, studiorumque rationem Principali et reliquis ejus Collegis reddant : Quod si extra 
Gymnasium degentes lectionibus tamen publicis vel privatis interesse cupiant, cum omni 
modestia, nee ullo malo exemplo ingrediantur et egrediantur, et reliquorum studia quovis 
modo remorentur, risusve exemplo noceant ; si secus fecerint, Collegio prohibeantur. . . . 
* Et ut hae omnes diligentius observentur, ordinamus, ut hoc nostrum Collegium ter 
quotannis per Cancellarium, Rectorem, et Decanum Facultatis, utpote Calendis Februarii 
Junii et Octobris invisatur et lustretur, ut si quid sive in doctrina sive in disciplina neglectum 
vel corruptum fuerit, eorum admonitione et consilio emendari et corrigi possit. Imprimis 
vero de fidei et religionis professione diligenter inquiratur, et cum hie sit Satanae astus, 
omni modo conetur juventutem ab evangelii professione denuo ad papismi tenebras (a qui- 



56 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

tutem ab Evangelij professione denuo ad Papismi tenebras, a quibus 
per Dei gratiam Regnum h<5c semel liberatum est, abducere, stricte 
mandamus ut singuli qui in banc Academiam fuerint coaptati, fidei 
professionem edant, earn nimirum, quae a Verbo Dei petita et tran- 
scripta in Regni Comitijs edita atque publicata est, idque semel ad 
minimum quotannis. Jmprimis vero cum admittuntur in Academiam 
singuli ad Gymnasiarcham, dum albo Universitatis inscribuntur 
Rectori, et dum ad gradum aliquem promoveantur Decano Facultatis, 
fidem et Religionem puram palam profiteantur, in eaque professione 
se mansuros sancte polliceantur. 

De Quorundam Stipendiis.* 

Admissi in Academiam studiosi, non tantum se in studijs dili- 
gentes, in moribus probos ; sed erga Praeceptores, Academiam, et 
publicos Ministros, gratos se prsebeant. Itaque studiosorum quisque 
annis singulis proprio Prasceptori minervale persolvat, ex arbitrio 
et estimatione Praeceptorum ; ita ut procerum et insignioris nobilitatis 
liberi tres libras, inferioris ordinis nobilitatis filii quadraginta 
solidos, agricolarum liberi et mercatorum mediocrium atque arti- 
FicuM viginti solidos, numerare jubeantur ; ab his tributis sint 
PAUPERES omnino liberi. Communi Apparitori, quem Beddellum 
vocant, singuli duos solidos in annos singulos conferant. In examina- 

bus per Dei gratiam regnum liberatum est), abducere, stricte mandamus ut singuli qui in 
banc Academiam fuerint cooptati, fidei professionem edant, eam nimirum quae a verbo 
Dei petita et transcripta in regni nostri conventibus edita atque publicata est, idque semel 
ad minimum quotannis. Imprimis vero cum admittuntur in Collegium singuli apud Princi- 
palem, dum Albo Universitatis inscribantur Rectori, et dum ad gradum aliquem pro 
moveantur Decano Facultatis, fidem et religionem puram palam profiteantur, in eaque 
professione se mansuros sancte polliceantur. 

* Admissi in Academiam studiosi, non tantum in studiis diligentes, in moribus probos, 
sed erga Praeceptores et publicos Ministros Collegii nostri grati se praebeant : Itaque studios- 
orum quisque Praeceptori proprio Minervale persolvat, ex arbitrio et estimatione Pra;ceptorum ; 
ita ut procerum et insignioris nobilitatis liberi sex libras, inferioris ordinis nobilitatis fili- 
quatuor libras, agricolarum filii et mercatorum mediocrium atque artificum quadraginta 
solidos, numerare jubeantur ; ab his tributis pauperes omnino sint liberi. Communi 
Apparitori singuli quatuor solidos in annos. In examinationibus et promotionibus singuli 
in commune Collegii aerarium haec conferant, in primo gradu primique anni examinatione 
sex solidos octo denarios, in secundo tredecim solidos quatuor denarios, in tertio viginti 
solidos, in quarto ac ultimo triginta solidos : ita ut ab his omnibus pauperes sint immunes ; 
qui vero pauperes sint habendi, praeceptorum judicium atque estimatio erit. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 57 

iionibus autem vel promotionibus singuli in commune Academiae 
serarium banc conferant. Jn primo gradu primique anni examina- 
TiONE sex solidos octo denarios, Jn secundo tredecim solidos quatuor 
denanos, Jn tertio viginti solidos, Jn quarto ac ultimo triginta : 
Jta ut ab his omnibus pauperes sint immunes ; qui vero pauperes sint 
habendi, Praeceptorum judicium atque estimatio erit. 

De Electione et Officiis Rectoris et Decani Facultatis.* 

Quia porro multa in hac nostra Academia rectori ejusdem, et 
decano facultatis provisimus, volumus ut annis singulis Calendis 
Martiis hi magistratus eligantur. Rector sit vir gravis, pius, juris 
et aequitatis cultor et peritus : Ei sit in omnes Academiae descriptos, 
quos suppositos vocant, ordinaria jurisdictio, celebrioribus Academiae 
conventibus prsesertim in Electionibus juxta ea quae prsescripta sunt 
intersit, easque actiones, absente praesertim Cancellario, moderetur, 
eaque omnia gerat, agat et exerceat, quae Rectori [sic] Academiae 
[Andreance B.R. & C.R.] Glasguensis, Edinburgensis, vel cujusvis 
alterius lege, more vel consvetudine, gerere, agere vel exercere, posse 
vel debere intelliguntur. Eligatur per omnes Academiae suppositos 
divisos in quatuor nationes, ita ut Abredonensis Diocesis propter 
frequentiorem numerum in duas Nationes secetur, Marriensem et 
BucHANENSEM, Marriae Gariota adjungatur, quod superest ad Dover- 
nam amnem Buchanae [BuchanicB, B.R. & C.R.] cedat. Reliquum 
Regni quod ad Septentrionem montis Grampij est, MoRAViENSiS 
nationis nomine, contineatur. Ultra montem Grampium ad Austrum 
vergens Angusiensis natio dicatur. Harum nationum singuli sint 
PROCURATORES, qui Rectorem ejusque Assessores eligant. Electus 

* Quia porro multa in hac nostra Academia Rectori ejusdem, et Decano Facultatis 
permisimus, volumus ut singulis annis hi magistratus eligantur. Rector sit vir gravis, pius, 
juris et aequitatis consultor et peritus ; ei sit in omnes Academiae inscriptos, quos suppositos 
vocamus, ordinaria jurisdictio, celebrioribus Academiae conventibus, praesertim in electionibus 
juxta ea quae praescripta sunt intersit, easque actiones, absente praesertim Cancellario, mode- 
retur, eaque omnia gerat, agat, et exerceat, quae Rector Andreanae vel Glasguensis Academiae, 
lege, more et consuetudine, gerere, agere vel exercere, posse vel debere intelligitur. 
Eligatur per omnes Academiae suppositos in quatuor nationes (ita ut Abredoniae diocesis 
propter frequentiorem numerum in duas nationes secetur, Marriensem et Buchanensem, 
Marriae Gariocha adjungatur, quod superest a Doverna amne Buchaniae cedat); reliquum 
regni quod ad septentrionem montis Grampii est, Moraviensis nationis nomine, contineatur ; 
ultra montem Grampium ad austrum vergens Angusiensis natio vocatur. Harum nationum 

H 



5S MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Rector jurabit se fideliter et diligenter eo munere usurum, jus aequabile 
omnibus citra personarum respectum ullum bona fide administra- 
turum, in Electionibus eadem fide ex animi sententia [scientia, 
B.R.], et in commcdum Reipublicae et Academiae suffragium laturum, 
Collegii et Academiae commodis in quibus salva pietate licet obnixe 
fruiturum [sic], neque unquam illis scientem et volentem repugna- 
turum ; denique rempublicam banc literariam pro virili sua parte 
ornaturum et aucturum. Decanus facultatis ijsdem Comitijs eligatur, 
sed per Rectorem, Cancellarium, Gymnasiarcham, tres Praeceptores, 
et novae urbis Abredonensis Ministrum, ita ut Gymnasiarcha, cum 
Ministro novae Urbis, semper ejus electioni intersint. ViR sit pius, 
literatus nee tantum in humanioribus (quas vocant) disciplinis, sed 
etiam in omni philosophia versatus, qui annuis Examinationibus 
et Promotionibus intersit et praesit, et ab examinatoribus jusjurandum 
fidelis operae ea in re praestandae exigat, curam DOCTRiNiE et dili- 
GENTi^ Praeceptorum habeat, videat ne ejus neglectione Academia 
quid detrimenti capiat, in Electionibus incorruptum Suffragium et e 
Republica ferat ; ea denique omnia exerceat, quas in Academia [sic] 
aliave Academia ad Decani Facultatis liberalium artium munus 
officiumque pertinere intelliguntur. Juret se fideliter eo munere 
usurum, bona fide et citra personarum respectum juxta Examina- 

singuli sint Procuratores, qui Rectorem ejusque Assessores eligant, Electus Rector jurabit 
se fideliter et diligenter eo munere usurum, jus aequabile omnibus citra personarum re- 
spectum ullum bona fide administraturum, in electionibus eadem fide ex animi sententia 
et in commodum reipublicae et ecclesiae suffragium laturum, et Academiae commodis salva 
pietate licet obnixe fauturum, neque unquam ilium scientem aut volentem repugnaturum ; 
denique Rempublicam banc literariam ornaturum et aucturum. Decanus facultatis iisdem 
comitiis eligatur, sed per Rectorem, Cancellarium, Gymnasiarcham, quatuor Regentes et 
novae urbis Abredoniae ministrum, ita ut Gymnasiarcha cum ministro novas urbis semper 
ejus electioni intersint. Hie sit pius, literatus, nee tantum in humanioribus quas appellant 
disciplinis, sed etiam in omni philosophia versatus, qui annuis examinationibus et pro- 
motionibus intersit et prassit, ut ab examinatoribus jusjurandum fidelis operas, in his 
praestandis, exigat : curam doctrinae et diligentiae praeceptorum habeat, videat ne ejus 
rei neglectu in electionibus incorruptum suffragium, et e republica ferat, ea denique omnia 
exerceat, quae in Andreana Academia ad Decani Facultatis liberalium artium munus 
officiumve pertinere intelliguntur. Juret se fideliter eo munere usurum, bona fide et citra 
personarum respectum, juxta Assessorum et Examinatorum judicia, et ex animi sui 
sententia, et promotionibus et gradibus pronunciaturum, Collegii et Academiae commoda 
quantum salva pietate licet promoturum, ea denique omnia diligenter acturum, quae 
Academiae Andreanae vel alterius cujusvis laudabilis Academise Decano ex officio incum- 
bere intellexerit, et e republica Christiana et literaria esse certe cognoverit. 



1593'] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 59 

torum et Assessorum judicia et ex animi sui sententia et Promo- 
tionibus et gradibus pronunciaturum, Collegij et Academise commoda 
quantum salva pietate licet promoturum, ea denique omnia diligenter 
acturum qua; Decanus [sic] Andrean^ vel alterius cujusvis laudabilis 
Academic ex officio incumbere intellexerit, et e Republica Christiana 
et literaria esse certe cognoverit. 

De Agris aut Feudis Collegij non alienandis aut perpetuo 

locandis.* 

Cavemus ne ulla tiat perpetua Agrorum aut Feudorum locatio, 
aut ad emphiteosim alienatio, aut victualium a precio [in pretia, B.R. 
and C.R.] permutatio, aut prsetextu augmentationis, meliorationis, aut 
alterius rationis, aut nominis cujuscunque ; sed in eodem genere, statu 
et conditione, in qua nunc sunt, perpetuo maneant, non obstante quovis 
consensu, approbatione, aut confirmatione quacunque. 

In quorum omnium testimonium, huic Cartas et erectioni 
nostras, manu nostra subscriptai, Sigillum nostrum appendi curavimus : 
Apud Aberden die secundo Mensis Aprilis Anno Domini Millesimo 
Quingentesimo Nonagesimo tertio : Coram his testibus Joanne Forbes 
a Petslego, Magistris Petro Blackburno, Roberto How^o, Ministris 
Aberdonensibus [Jacobo, C.R.] Crichton Juniore a Frendraucht, et 
Magistro Davide Cunynghame Ministro Aberdonias. Sic subscribitur. 

GEORGE ERLE MARSHALL. 

From a copy entered in " The Foundation Book of the CoUedge writtine 
with a fair hand" (Inventory of 1716, at which date the original 
was not extant), a small quarto volume in the Marischal College 
Charter Room (Foundation Charters : No. i). Another copy is 
inserted in the Aberdeen Town Council Register^ Vol. xU. (1603-5), 
p. 1025. A third occurs in the " Bulk off Register off J?e new 

* Quia hactenus damnosis locationibus Gymnasium nostrum plurimum detrimenti 
accepit, statuimus et ordinamus nullam locationem sive emphyteosin , vel feudifirmam sive 
in annos plures vel pauciores, aut agrorum aut decimarum aut jedificiorum aut quarum- 
cunque rerum, validam et ratam fore qua; non habeat expressum assensum et consensum 
Cancellarii, Rectoris, Decani, Principalis et Regentium simul Congregatorum testificatum 
et approbatum singulis ipsorum chirographis et sigillo communi dicti CoUegii, una cum 
subscriptione ministri Nov^ Abredonite ; alioque irrita deinceps sit locatio. 



60 MARISCHAL' COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Colledge off Abirdein [begun] be Master Gilbert Gray Principall 
Jjairof att his entrie to Jje said colledge quhilk was ]>e 29 September 
1598 3eiris ". The last copy has appended the notes : — " Producit 
21 Maij 1647 be the Lord Earle Marischall [William, Seventh Earl] 
before the Commissioners appointit by the generall assemblie". 
"Aberdein 22 Maij 1656. Producit be Mr. William Moir [Principal] 
and recordit in the books of Exchequer conforme to the severall 
acts thairanent by me W. Purves Cls." In connection with a law 
suit, Skene v. Duff, Mr. James Burnett (afterwards Lord Mon- 
boddo), referring to the copy in the Foundation Book, writes (15th 
June, 1756): "The President said that he thought the Copy of 
the Foundation Charter authentick, and as good as the originall ". 
This copy has been collated with the two others, and different 
readings have been indicated within brackets [B.R. = Buik of 
Register ; C.R. = Council Register]. 

lla. 
Translation of the Foundation Charter. 

George, Earl Marischal, Lord Keith and Altrie, to true Christians 
all and each, everlasting greeting in the Lord. 

Whereas, being mindful of our birth, position and duty, we had deter- 
mined, according to our ability, to be of service to the Church, the Country 
and the Commonwealth, and to further the general well-being by whatever 
means we could ; observing and seriously considering with ourselves in what 
darkness and ignorance most men lie, so that they exist in misery, erring 
most shamefully and wickedly as to the method of a good and happy life> 
and hence failing grievously, so that, stained from natural depravity with 
every crime, they often suffer the most complete ruin and shipwreck ; 
whence the greatest mischief is done to the Church, the Country and 
the Commonwealth ; which principally arises from the fact that an honourable, 
liberal and Christian education and training is in many places here either 
wanting or neglected, so that there are to be found very few men that have 
received a godly and upright education and have been trained in the humane 
arts, through whose exertions and zeal the Church might flourish, the 
Country become illustrious, and the Commonwealth be more and more 
enlarged, to the glory of God and the safety and security of the people : 
We, desirous that this evil should be at length attended to — it having 
pleased Almighty God to vouchsafe unto us His marvellous mercy and 



IS93-] ' FOUNDATION CHARTER. 6l 

goodness, not only in the other benefits that He has conferred on us, but 
especially in that He has enlightened us with a purer and fuller knowledge 
of Himself, implanting thereby in our mind such a disposition and under- 
standing, that we have nothing more warmly at heart than to do the 
utmost good to the Church, the Country and the Commonwealth — have 
determined, not without the advice and opinion of prudent and grave men, 
or the due consideration of our course of action, to do diligently what it is 
in our power to effect, and not to refuse the aid that men might either wish 
or demand from us in so unjust and pitiful a state of affairs, but rather 
of our own accord and most willingly to further the public good, both other- 
wise as time and circumstance might demand, and especially by establishing, 
aiding and promoting education for the young, which here, in the northern 
parts of this kingdom of Scotland, is generally deficient ; to the end that 
those disadvantages and grievances under which, to the deep grief of all 
good men, the Church, the Country and the Commonwealth have hitherto 
laboured, may (so far as under God's providence we shall be able) be most 
speedily and thoroughly removed. And this our resolution has no other 
motive than our desire to follow the example and in the footsteps of others 
whose highest aim was to benefit the Church, the Country and the Common- 
wealth as much as possible, and of many of our ancestors who zealously 
pursued the same course ; and thus to be enabled to strengthen and 
to adorn the Church, as well as the Country and the Commonwealth. 
Therefore, because of old in this realm of Scotland (as elsewhere in divers 
places) kings, princes, nobles and bishops, in their zeal for the good of the 
Church, the Country and the Commonwealth, did found and erect colleges, 
to be abodes sacred to the Muses, and, as it were, nurseries where young 
men might receive a godly and liberal education in letters and in arts, thence 
to be transferred, as should seem fit, to all parts of the Commonwealth, 
whether to spread the preaching of God's Word in the churches, or 
better to instruct the young, or to administer the government, or for other 
purposes, wheresoever either the Church or the Commonwealth might re- 
quire; and did endow these colleges as public schools for study with 
revenues and salaries sufficient to maintain, comfortably and honourably, 
the teachers being professors in Arts, and also certain students too poor 
to be able to live on their own resources : We — induced by the same motive 
(may it be happy and blessed in its results !), praying Almighty God that 
He may vouchsafe to favour this our undertaking, and may direct it to 
the glory of His name, the extension of the Church and the good of the 
Commonwealth, so that this work may always have happy issues, and that 



62 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

He may never suffer it to fall into decay or to perish — desire to found at 
Aberdeen (called New, to distinguish it from Old Aberdeen), a city which 
has deserved well at our hands, and which, being specially bound to us by 
this our benefaction, will, we trust, deserve still better of us and of our 
successors and of our whole family, a public *' Gymnasium," • in the 
buildings formerly belonging to the Franciscans (the transference of which to 
this use has seemed most opportune and convenient), where young men may be 
thoroughly trained and instructed, both in the other humane arts, and also 
in Philosophy and a purer piety, under the charge of competent and learned 
teachers, to whom shall be given from our endowment such salaries as may 
be required. 

Therefore we do give and grant freely and for nought, and do alienate 
and transfer from ourselves and from our successors, and (as they say) do 
mortify to the teachers and students and other ordinary members of our 
"Academia," appointed and to be appointed by us, all and whole the manse 
and offices, glebes, yards, cloisters, church and wells, that formerly belonged 
to the Franciscan Friars, commonly called the Gray Friars, of Aberdeen, as 
they are bounded and marked off by walls, lying on the east side of the 
street called the Braid Gate ; t all and sundry the lands, crofts, roods, rigs, 
orchards, barns, dovecots, tenements, houses, buildings, yards, acres, annual 
rents, feu duties, kilns, offices and others whatsoever, belonging to the 
Preaching and the Carmelite Friars of Aberdeen, commonly called the Black 
and the White Friars ; and the estates and lands belonging to us in Bervy, 
once the Chaplainry of Bervy, and also the Chaplainry of Cowy, commonly 
called St. Mary's,]: belonging to us ; as the particulars of each are more 
fully set forth in our charters and evidcnts, which it will suffice here to 
have noticed generally, as if they had been specially described : 

To BE HELD and had from [of] us and our successors, Earls Marischal, 
in pure and perpetual alms : 

Rendering therefor only the offering of pious prayers. 

And because we bestow and confer all these possessions out of our 

* This term is used elsewhere in the Charter only twice (p. 73, 11. 26, 38), though 
the Principal is throughout styled " Gymnasiarcha". "Academia" is applied to the 
foundation fifty-six times; "Collegium" seven times; and " Universitas " once (p. 74, 
1. 14). On p. 75, I. 22, and p. 76, 1. 6 "Academia" and "Collegium" are distinguished; 
elsewhere they seem to be used indifferently, to denote either the building or the corporation. 

t See the subsequent grant of the Grayfriars' property by the Town Council, p. 85. 

X See the Charter of Confirmation by William, 6th Earl Marischal, in which the 
-Ghaplainries of Bervy and Cowy are not included, postea. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 63 

mere liberality on our Academia, therefore we free ourselves and our heirs 
from every bond of eviction and warranting, our own deed alone excepted. 

And we desire that these revenues and annual rents, freely bestowed for 
the up-bringing and training of youth, be distributed among so many 
persons, namely, a Principal, three teachers (Regents as they are called), 
six alumni of the Academia, a Steward, a Cook ; and to ensure that the 
buildings of the Academia be kept in sufficient repair, we desire that all 
these persons live in a collegiate manner, that is, having their meals and 
sleeping within the walls of the Academia. 

The Principal, it is especially requisite, must be an upright and godly 
man, who shall look after the whole Academia and each of its members, 
and to whom we entrust the ordinary jurisdiction over each individual of 
our " College ". He must be well versed in the Scriptures, able to unfold 
the mysteries of faith and the hidden treasures of the Word of God. He 
must also be skilled and learned in languages, and especially in Hebrew and 
in Syriac, which we wish to be spread abroad. Every week upon Monday 
he shall teach in the Scriptures one hour. He shall also (after the eight 
acroamatic books which the third Regent will explain) 'set forth all the rest 
of Physiology from the Greek text of Aristotle, to which he shall add a 
short explanation of Anatomy. He shall also expound Geography, History 
and the outlines of Astronomy. Moreover, he shall also add Hebrew 
Grammar, together with some practice in the rules. After the course of 
studies has been completed, he shall invest those that are qualified with 
the Master's cap. And as the charge of public discipline falls to him 
(for such is our desire), we assign to him and his servants what we think 
to be necessary, three chalders of barley and one hundred merks money of 
this realm. 

The Regent next after the Principal shall expound the elements of 
Arithmetic and Geometry, selections from Aristotle's books of Ethics and 
Politics from the Greek text, to which he shall add Cicero's books De 
Officiis, to mould the character and extend acquaintance with the Latin tongue, 
and towards the end of the third year he shall interpret the acroamatic books 
of Aristotle's Organum Physicum. The third in order shall teach the 
Organum Logicum and a system of rules of invention and judgment from 
the best authors of both languages, and shall exercise the youths both in 
writing and in public speaking, that they may make equal progress in mastering 
both languages. The fourth, and lowest, shall profess instruction in Greek, 
explaining also the easiest authors of both languages, and shall accustom 
the students, by frequent written exercises, for the first six months to 



64 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

compose in Latin, and during the rest that follow to write Greek, to which 
he shall add a short compendium of logical invention and judgment. 
These three teachers are to have equal salaries of twenty-four bolls of barley 
and forty pounds each, for their living and annual salary. 

And the Election and Admission of all shall be as follows : — The 
nomination of all the teachers, or presentation, as it is called, whenever 
a place is vacant by death, dismissal or resignation, shall be in the hands of 
Earl Marischal, the Founder, and of his heirs ; but the examination and admis- 
sion shall be in the hands of the following persons, or of a majority thereof — 
namely, the Chancellor of the Academia, if he be a minister of the Gospel,* 
the Rector, the Dean of Faculty, the Principal of the old Academia, the 
Minister of New Aberdeen, the Ministers of the Gospel in Fetteresso and 
Deer. And if a Principal is to be elected for this new Academia, the three 
Regents of the Academia shall have a single conjoint vote ; but in the 
election of the Regents the Principal shall have a vote. If all the electors 
are not present at the election, the majority as aforesaid shall make a valid 
election. But the election must take place within sixty days from the occur- 
rence of the vacancy, by means of a public edict affixed to the doors of the 
College and of the Church of New Aberdeen by the Dean of Faculty and 
the teachers of the Academia, the same persons having to cite the Ministers 
of Deer and Fetteresso for the day appointed for the election. 

It is our desire that the teachers of our Academia shall not shift 
about to new professorships, but shall work in the same professorship, 
that the youths who ascend step by step may have a teacher worthy of their 
studies and talents ; unless, for the benefit of the Academia, it be other- 
wise determined by the Chancellor, Rector, Principal, Dean of Faculty and 
minister of New Aberdeen with respect to one or other of the teachers. f 

* The Earls Marischal seem to have acted as Chancellors till the forfeiture of the title 
in 1716. 

t There can be no doubt that for about half a century this provision of the Charter was 
complied with, the teachers of the bajan, semi, tertian and (after 1620) magistrand classes 
being styled Professors of Greek, Logic, Moral Philosophy, and Natural Philosophy respec- 
tively. Thus William Forbes is Professor of Logic circa 1601 (Irving's Lives of Scottish 
Writers, ii. 2), and Patrick Dun seems to have succeeded him before 1610 (MS. C^. 3. 70, 
Aberd. Univ. Library). William Wedderburn, Andrew Massie, and James Sibbald sign 
epitaphs in Lachryma AcadcmicE Marischallance sub Obituin Maccnatis ct Fundatoris s»i 
munificentissimi, nobilissimi ct ilhistrissimi Gcorgii, Cotiiitis Marischalli, &'C. (Aberd., 1623), 
as Professors of Greek, Logic, and Natural Philosophy. William Ogston, after teaching the 
tertian class for seven years, receives in 1626 a presentation to the chair of Logic " the key of 
the whole College and the courss throf verie long and thairfoir requyring ane learned diligent 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 65 

But, that the teachers may preside over the youths with advantage, and that the 
youths may make excellent progress in their studies, it shall be the duty of the 
Principal, Rector, Chancellor and Dean of Faculty to prescribe the authors 
that are to be laid before the youths, provided, however, that all the authors 
be explained to the students in those languages in which they originally 
wrote. It is also our desire that our foresaid Regents shall accustom those 
committed to their care to teach, write, declaim, dispute, with the utmost 
diligence in the literary arena, but especially the students of the two lowest 
classes, to compose daily ; and shall devote one hour at least to this every 
day. Likewise, after the first eighteen months, all the students are to be 
exercised every month in public declamation in Greek and in Latin alter- 
nately, and, with a view to encourage their studies more by this worthy 
emulation, all the students are to be divided into sections of ten, and every 
month a trial is to be held, so as to put the most proficient among them 
at the head of the rest. 

Moreover we desire that none be admitted into the first class of the 
body of students unless he be deemed fit for that class after a careful 
examination by the Dean, Principal, three Regents, the teachers of both 
Grammar Schools, or one of them, all being sworn for that purpose. Every 
year, too, we desire the promotion of the classes to take place by steps of 
advancement, the students of the first class passing to the second, those 
of the second to the third, those of the third to the fourth, and those of 

and cairfull maister to teach the same . . . quhairin if he should be found to be deficient and 
after due admonionis not amending then and in that caice the said Mr William to be bound 
... to demit the said second class absolutelie and to tak him to the third class" (Mar. Coll. 
Ch. Ch., " Professorships," No. i). On the title page of his Oratio Fvnebris, in Obitum 
maximi virorum Gcorgil, Marischalli Comitis, &c. (Aberd., 1623), Ogston is styled Professor of 
Moral Philosophy. John Seton is Professor of Natural Philosophy in 1627, and Hugh 
Gordon, Professor of Logic in 1630. William Aidie, William Blackball, and John Ray sign 
epitaphs in LachrymcB Academice Maresckallance in Obitum illustrissimi Comitis Mareschalli, 
Wilhelmi, &c. (Aberd., 1635), as Professors of Greek, Logic, and Moral Philosophy. 

Further proof is afforded by the names of the Regents presiding at the annual defence of 
Theses by candidates for degrees. In Session 1642-43 John Ray presides, and from that date 
to Session 1714-15 the names recur in cycles of four ; from 1717-18 to 1752-53 in cycles of 
three.* But James Sibbald presides annually from 1622-23 to 1625-26, and John Seton from 
1626-27 to 1636-37 (C/. J. P. Edmond's Aberdeen Printers). 

* No classes met during Sessions 1715-16 and 1716-17. In 17x7 one of the Regents was, in 
tardy compliance with an Act of Visitation of 1700, set apart for the duties of Professor of Greek. In 
1753 the other Regencies became Professorships of Civil and Natural History, of Natural Philosophy, 
and of Moral Philosophy respectively. The sister University in Old Aberdeen adhered to the Regency 
system till the close of the century. 

X 



66 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

the fourth, having completed the curriculum of philosophy, being invested 
with the Master's laurel. In these steps it must be carefully guarded 
against that no one unworthy of promotion pass into a higher class 
except after a fair trial, conducted by the Dean of Faculty, Principal, 
three Regents, the masters of the schools of Old and New Aberdeen or 
one of them, all being sworn publicly for that purpose. If anyone is 
considered unworthy of promotion, he must remain in the same class as 
before until he is by them considered worthy of promotion to a higher class. 
These examinations, promotions and admissions into our Academia we desire 
to begin every year on the first day of October. Every Lord's Day, we 
desire that in each of the classes the reading of a sacred Sunday lesson 
be given from the Greek New Testament, so that at six o'clock in the 
morning the first class shall have read to it by its teacher St. Luke's 
Gospel, the second class the Acts of the Apostles, the third the Epistle of 
St. Paul to the Romans, and the fourth the Epistle to the Hebrews, and 
that at four o'clock in the afternoon each teacher shall examine his students 
upon the same lesson. 

The power to check and correct the said Regents shall belong to 
the said Principal, who shall be authorised to expel and cut off from the 
Academia, if on occasion of negligence in their duties after three admonitions 
as aforesaid they refuse to reform ; but the case must be investigated, and 
advice taken from the Rector and the Dean of Faculty. 

Further, having a care to provide for poverty, and inasmuch as many 
are prevented by indigence from enjoying a good education, we have added 
six alumni, bursars as they are called, and we assign each of them as his 
annual living from the revenues of the said Academia thirty pounds, desiring 
them to be recommended on the ground of poverty, being such as their 
parents and friends cannot support from indigence, and being distinguished 
for talent, acquaintance with grammar, and good character. The election, 
admission and comparing of the said bursars shall be in this form. The 
Principal (in his absence by a public proclamation affixed to the gates of 
the Academia) shall give notice twenty days before the first day of October 
to all desirous of a bursary to appear on that day for examination by 
the Rector, Dean of Faculty, Minister of New Aberdeen, Principal and three 
teachers (to whom we grant a single conjoint vote), they being all sworn ; 
in order that, after a careful examination has been held, those candidates 
found to be most in need of a bursary in respect of poverty and scholarship, 
and to be worthy thereof, may have their names enrolled in the bursars' album. 
In place of this election, the nomination of bursars shall belong to the Marischal 



1593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 67 

and his heirs. The examination, admission and comparing of such shall be in 
the hands of the Chancellor, Rector, Principal and Dean of Faculty, whose 
duty it shall be to provide against the admission of the rich in place of 
the poor, and the plundering of the hives by drones, and to receive into 
the Academia only such as may prove ornaments to the Country and of 
service to the Church. We desire, moreover, these our poor students to be 
a pattern of humility and obedience, complying with the wishes of the teachers 
in every respect; and if they fail to do so, we empower the said Principal 
and teachers to punish them in proportion to their offence, even to their 
expulsion from the said Academia, if they have deserved it by their 
contumacy. These bursars are to wear long gowns, girt with a white leather 
belt four fingers broad ; and it shall be their duty week about at five o'clock 
to go round the apartments of all sleeping within the Academia, to waken 
the students for their work, and to bring light in winter, and also not to 
decline other lighter duties in the dining hall or at supper time, particularly 
in placing the dishes and courses on the table and in supplying water, such 
as may be imposed on them by the Principal and other teachers with- 
out injury to their studies. Their entry to the Academia shall be on the 
first day of October, and they are to remain in the course of literary 
study and to live at the expense of the Academia as aforesaid for four whole 
years, a time we consider sufficient to finish the study of philosophy and 
to obtain the laurel, at the end of which period new bursars shall be pro- 
vided for till they in turn have reached the goal. 

The Steward and Purveyor we require to be an honest and industrious 
man, who prefers the welfare of the Academia to his own. At the begin- 
ning of his duties he shall give security that the property of the Academia 
shall be safe, and that he will faithfully manage its affairs. It shall belong to 
him to collect all the income and revenues of the Academia whatsoever, to 
call debtors to account, to appear in court for the Academia, and to do 
everything lawful on its behalf. It shall be his duty regularly to provide 
the Academia, according to the will of the teachers, with all the necessaries 
of life, to go to market every day, purchasing articles for the mainten- 
ance of the Academia, to distribute the income and revenues derived by 
the College among the Principal, the three teachers, and, indeed, all the 
persons on the foundation, and to make these payments regularly in good faith, 
according to the assignment aforesaid in this our foundation. He shall not 
satisfy the Principal or Regents before the lowest persons on the foundation, 
paying to all without distinction, according to the stated proportion of each, the 
aliment and salary regularly due. And of all he shall be bound to give 



68 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

an account every week to the Principal and the rest of the teachers, 
lest any the least injury be done to any person on the foundation : and they 
shall also enquire into and punish the negligence of the Steward, and his 
injustice if there has been any ; consulting, however, when necessary, with the 
Rector and the Dean of Faculty, so as to provide in time against all losses 
threatening the Academia. The election of the Steward shall be in the hands 
of the Chancellor, Rector, Principal, Dean of Faculty, Minister of New Aber- 
deen, and Regents, or a majority thereof. His approval and admission shall 
be in the hands of Marischal and his heirs ; and he shall continue at least 
three years in the office. And as it is the duty of this official regularly to 
provide the necessaries of life for all members of the Academia, in order that 
this may be more conveniently done at a just and equal price, we desire 
that every year, on the first day of October, with advice of the Rector, Dean 
of Faculty, Principal, Provost and Bailies of New and of Old Aberdeen, together 
with other four Councillors of New Aberdeen, the prices of provisions be 
estimated and fixed, in proportion to their dearness or cheapness, for the main- 
tenance of all on the foundation of the College, and also of the other inmates of 
the Academia, though not on the foundation thereof ; and that it be at the same 
time settled what shall be the number of dishes and courses, what the quantity 
and quality of bread and drink, and what the manner of the whole treatment ; 
and their advice in this matter we desire our said Steward to observe and follow. 
And as prices frequently vary, to prevent loss to the Academia or to the said 
Steward, we desire that at later periods in every year — viz., on the first 
days of February, May and August — the said Steward, with advice of 
the Rector, Dean of Faculty, Principal and Regents of the Academia, 
together with two citizens, Bailies or Councillors of the New Town, be 
at liberty to raise or lower the prices of provisions previously fixed, 
according as things are dear or cheap. And as our Purveyor will be 
troubled with various cares and duties, we assign and allot to him by way of 
salary the sum of ... in addition to his necessary expenses in collecting 
the College revenues, which it is right should be repaid to him in settling his 
accounts. 

A suitable Cook also shall be appointed by the Principal, Regents and 
Purveyor, whose duty shall be to prepare the food and cultivate the garden of 
the Gymnasium. For his services and maintenance we allow . . . He 
shall supply vegetables at his own expense for the use of the members on the 
foundation in the said Academia, and shall see that the garden and grounds are 
neatly kept for the use of the Masters and Regents, being allowed to appro- 
priate to himself the remaining garden produce. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 69 

And that each master in this Academia may attend more freely to his 
own duty, we forbid any of the masters to accept any other public office 
without the walls thereof beyond what we have enjoined in our foundation 
and erection ; so that no one of them shall discharge the duty of Rector 
or Dean of Faculty. And if any of the persons on the foundation be 
married, we forbid his wife, daughters or maidservant to dwell, or in any way 
stay or spend the night, within the walls of the Academia.* 

And that this our Academia in the advancement of learning and the 
refinement of manners may flourish more and more, and that this our insti- 
tution may produce more abundant fruits, we desire that all the persons on 
the foundation, as also all students resorting to our Academia, be governed 
by a strict code of discipline ; and, to prevent injury to learning and morals 
by intermission from studies, that all vacations formerly allowed be entirely 
done away with. We prohibit also any sumptuous feasts taking place on 



* A blank form of presentation, dated 1626 and preserved in the Mar. Coll. Charter 
Chest (" Professorships," No. i), is interesting as showing the strict celibacy enforced in 
practice on the regents. 

" William Erle Marshall Lord Keithe and Altrie, &c., Vndoubtit Patrone of the 
colledge Marshall within the burghe of Aberdein, fundat be vmqll George Erie Marshall our 
dearest father of most nobill memorie To our lowits the rector deane of facultie and princi- 
pall of our said colledge and wtheris hawand wot in the tryall and admissione of the regentis 
thairof greting in god ewirlasting Forsameikill as the office of ane of the regentis of the said 
colledge is now wacand in our hands as patrone forsaid be admissione of . . . who hes dimittit 
his place of regentship in respect he is callit to ane wther functione, and we being informed of 
the literatur qualificatione and conversatione of . . . and of his habilitie and graces to dis- 
chairge the office and dewtie of ane regent in the said colledge : Thairfoir we have nominat 
and presentit, and be thir presentis (wpone conditione alwayes as is wndervrytten) nominats 
and presents the said ... to the said wacant plaice and office of ane of the regentis of 
our said colledge, and to the provisione stipend and whole casualities belonging thairto ; 
Requyring yow heirfor to try and examin the literatur qualificatione and conversatione 
of the said . . . and he being found apt and qualified to dischairge the office of ane regent 
within our said colledge that ye admit him thairto and to the provisione stipend and whole 
casualities dew to his plaice, and that ye authorize him with yor testimonial! of admissione 
theirvpone in dewe forme as effieirs with this alwayes conditione that the said . . . remaine 
a single persone and nowayes marie nor tak ane wyff so long as he remaines in the said 
office of ane regent qnn if he sail happin to failzie in marling a wyff, in that case ipso facto 
immediatlie eftir his mariage he sail tyne and amit his said office of regentshipe and whole 
benefit thairof; Lyk as it sal be lesum to ws in case of his mariage to present ane wther 
immediatlie thaireftir to occupie his place without any citatione proses or declarator to be 
wsed against him for his depravatione. Qrvnto the said . . . consentis and agreis and 
accepts this presentatione with that conditione and qualitie and no wthervayes. In 
witness quhairof, &c." 



TO MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

occasion of any of the steps of advancement,* or the introduction of any- 
thing that could in any way interfere with or relax the discipline prescribed 
in the Academia. But especially we forbid any of the students, with the 
exception of teachers, to possess any arms either of offence or defence, 
such as a coat of mail, steel breastplate, helmet, steel gauntlets, sword, dagger, 

* In the pleadings in the Catanach case it was maintained that the phrases, " ad 
quemcunque gradum " and "ad gradum aliquem " should be translated "to zny Dcgrcc'\ 
But cf, p. 65, 1. 20, and p. 74, 1. 29. The case is interesting as establishing the right of 
Marischal College to be considered a separate University, and as such to grant degrees in the 
higher faculties. 

On 31st May, 1743, James Catanach, Advocate in Aberdeen, " after strict examination," 
by David Verner, LL.D., one of the Regents,* was made LL.D. of Marischal College. This 
was preparatory to his being nominated for the office of Civilist in King's College, vacant 
through the death of Sir William Forbes, Bart., of Monymusk.+ The only other candidate 
was Charles Hamilton Gordon, a member of the Edinburgh bar, and an alumnus of King's 
College, who, however, did not pretend to be a graduate of any University. 

The election was appointed to take place on the 8th of June, when five of the King's 
College Senatus voted for Catanach, ^ and four for Gordon. § Commissary Paterson, who acted 
as returning officer, refused to admit either.candidate, and brought an action of multiplepoinding 
before the Lords of Session, praying the Court to determine which had been duly elected. 

Gordon, who appeared for his own interest, maintained : || 

1. That Marischal College had been founded as an institution for teaching in Arts only, 
and had been authorised to confer degrees in that faculty, but had never received legal 
authority to grant degrees in Divinity, Law, or Medicine. 

2. That even if Marischal College had received legal authority to grant degrees in 
Divinity, Law, and Medicine, as well as in Arts, it could not yet exercise this authority in 
Law, in consequence of its not possessing any founded professor in that faculty, as it possessed 
in the three other faculties. 

3. That even if Marischal College had the power to confer the degree of Doctor of 
Laws, such degree did not constitute the Doctorate in Civil Law contemplated in the founda- 
tion, where it is implied that the graduate has undergone a curriculum of study in that faculty, 

* Dr. Verner, though one of the Professors of Philosophy, had studied Law in the Universities 
of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in 1724 was appointed by the Senatus of Marischal College to lecture 
on Law to professional students. 

f In Bishop Gavin Dunbar's refoundation of the College of St. Mary of the Nativity, afterwards 
called King's College, it is provided that the College shall consist of forty-two members "ex quibus 
in primis erunt quatuor doctores . . . tertius in jure civili ... si tales commode haberi possunt: 
alioquin in eisdem facultatibus licentiati cum rigore examinis, qui infra annum a die admissionis 
eorundem in dicto Collegio ad doctoratus gradum singuli in prefatis facultatibus se faciant pro- 
moveri ". 

J The sub-principal, medicincr, and three regents. 

§ The principal, humanist, and professors of divinity and of Oriental languages. 

II Information for Mr. Charles Hamilton Gordon, Advocate, against James Catanach, Procu- 
rator in Aberdeen. June 28, 1744. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 7I 

shield, instruments of war, spear, guns, and all such kind of arms, or to use them 
in any way, either within or without the Academia ; allowing them to use 
only open and table knives. The breaker of this rule shall, on his first ofiFence, 
be punished by the Principal and teachers with the loss and confiscation 
of the arms ; on his second offence he shall receive stripes in the public school, 

and has passed through the degrees of Bachelor and of Licentiate, before being received as a 
candidate for the Doctorate ; that it was after such ancient degrees in Civil Law had ceased to 
be conferred, amidst the changes that attended the Reformation, that Marischal College was 
erected, and consequently that it never possessed at all, in regard to such degrees, the powers 
of the Universities of Papal origin ; and that an Advocate at the bar of the Court of Session, 
in virtue of his trial in Civil Law by the Faculty, was a Licentiate in Civil Law, and in virtue 
of his admission by the Court, subsequent to such trial, was equal if not superior to a Doctor 
in Civil Law. 

4. That even if Marischal College had power to grant degrees in Civil Law, it had not 
conferred the degree in question in a proper manner, or on a candidate properly qualified to 
receive the degree, but had conferred it only as a colourable and fraudulent qualification. 

Catanach contested each of these propositions, maintaining, at great length, the right of 
Marischal College and University to confer qualifying degrees in all the faculties, including 
Law.* 

The Lord Ordinary (Lord Kilkerran) remitted the question to the whole Court, who 
decided, July 20, by a majority, that Catanach was not duly qualified ; and, after a renewed 
and more searching discussion, December 4, adhered to this decision.f 

Upon appeal, the House of Lords reversed the decision of the lower Court, April 11, 
1745, finding that Dr. Catanach did possess the indispensable qualification.^ 

In the Charter Room at Marischal College is preserved § a copy of a Memorial to the 
House of Lords (in connection with the Catanach case) " on behalf of the Rector, Principal, 
and Professors of His Majesty's Marischal College and University in the City of Aberdeen," 
who assert their privileges as a University. The paper is well written : it contains seven 
arguments : 

* Information for James Catanach, LL.D., Advocate in Aberdeen, against Mr. Charles 
Hamilton Gordon, Advocate at Edinburgh. June 29, 1744. 

■^Petition of Mr. James Catanach, LL.D., Advocate in Aberdeen, and of Mr. Alexander 
Burnet, Sub-Principal, Dr. James Gregory, Professor of Medicine, Mr. Alexander Raitt, Mr. Daniel 
Broadfoot, and Mr. John Chalmers, Regents in the Kitig's College of Old Aberdeen, who, with the four 
Procurators chosen by thetn, were the Electors of Mr. Catanach to be Civilist in the said College. 
July 27, 1744, 

Answers for Mr. Charles Hamilton Gordon, Advocate, to the Petition of James Catanach and 
others. Nov. i, 1744. 

Memorial for Mr. James Catanach, LL.D., Advocate in Aberdeen, and of ^c, ^c. [ut supra]. 
Nov. 26, 1744. 

X The Case of James Catanach, LL.D., Sfc, the Appellant. 

The Case of Charles Hamilton Gordon, the Respondent. 

House of Lords Journals, xxvi. 483. 

Eaton's Cases decided in the House of Lords upon Appeal from Scotland. 1849. Vol. ii., App. 

§ " University Rights and Privileges," ii. 2. 



72 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

according to the laws of the Academia ; and if he break the law a third time, 
he shall then, as being unworthy to be reckoned a student, be expelled from 
the Academia. 

All the foresaid persons on the foundation shall eat and sleep within 
the walls of the Academia ; and if any one of the bursars, without obtaining 

1. The Foundation Charter contemplates regular matriculation "dum albo UnivcrsUatis 
inscribuntur " ; graduation " dum ad gradum aliqucm promoveantur " and " in promotionibus 
ad quemcunque gradum " ; and the erection of new chairs " personae constitute et consti- 
tuendce ". 

2. The ratifying Act of Parliament (21st July, 1593) recognises the University's absolute 
jurisdiction within its own precincts — " which no simple College ever had " : — " the maisteris 
memberis studentis bursaris and haill inhabitantis of the said college is and salbe in all tymes 
heirefter subject to the iurisdiction of the provest bailies and counsaili of the said burgh of 
Abirdene in all things to be done or committit be thame ontwith the wallis of the said 
college". So in the Act of Confirmation of 20th March, 1661. 

3. The Charter institutes a Chancellor, a Rector, and a Dean of Faculty, with the same 
powers as in St. Andrews, Glasgow, Edinburgh, " Vel alterius cujusvis laudabilis Academias". 

4. The Acts of 1593 and 1661 grant " all fredomes franchises liberties frie privilegis and 
iurisdictioun that to any frie college within this realme be law and practik is knawin to 
appertene ". 

5. Other Acts of Parliament acknowledge it as a separate University e.g., that of 
August 21, 1663, " for the establishment and constitution of a National Synod ". 

6. Successive Sovereigns have addressed and treated it as a University. 

7. Its members have enjoyed and exercised all the powers and privileges of a University 
undisturbed and unquestioned for upwards of 150 years.* 

On the whole, King's College derived benefit from this suit, for it prevented in all 
probability the introduction of a custom of giving the office of Civilist to a non-resident 
Edinburgh lawyer. The recognition of the University status of Marischal College by the 
highest Court of Law in the Kingdom checked, for some time, the revival in an acute form of 
the exclusive pretensions of King's College ; but during the " Fusion " controversy the 
jealousy of the rival colleges again found an outlet in print. Much curious information 
regarding obscure points in local academic history will be found in two pamphlets, now 
somewhat scarce: "Has Marischal College, in New Aberdeen, the power of conferring 
Degrees in ^Divinity, Laws, and Medicine?" Aberdeen: D. Wyllie & Son. 1850, 51 pp. 
[" Drawn up by a Committee of Senatus " — but mainly the work of Professor David 
Thomson.] " The Right of Marischal College and University, Aberdeen, to confer Degrees, 
not only in Arts, as admitted, but in Divittity, Laws, and Medicine ; Vindicated against the 
Attacks of the responsible Administrators of King's College and University, Old Aberdeen; 
and shewn to have been affirmed, more than a Hundred years ago, by the House of Lords, as 
the Supreme Court of Appeal, under the Instructions of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke. By one 
of the Professors [Thomas Clark, M.D.]. Aberdeen: Lewis Smith. 1853. 55 pp. 

* Cf. An Account of the Erection of the Marischal College and University in the City of 
Aberdeen [1736], p. 4. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 73 

leave (as aforesaid), sleep without the Academia, and, on being admonished 
and punished, do not amend, he shall be instantly deprived of his bursary ; and 
the other students that have chambers within the Academia must retire to rest 
and pass the night therein, otherwise they shall be ejected from their chambers. 
Those living without the Academia shall never be found without it, except at 
the hours appointed for meals ; if they sleep without, they must enter exactly 
at six o'clock in the morning, and not go out before nine o'clock ; and when 
they return from breakfast before ten o'clock it shall not be lawful for them 
to go out before twelve o'clock ; and they must remain within till six in the 
evening, unless leave of play be given to all ; and when having entered to- 
gether they are taken out into the fields and brought back by the teacher 
that has this duty for the week, they shall not extend their time of play 
beyond two hours from the time when they leave the Academia, in order 
that they may more seasonably return to their lessons. This teacher we 
also enjoin to visit all the chambers at five o'clock in the morning and nine 
o'clock in the evening. We also desire all the students to live peacefully 
and in the greatest mutual harmony ; to injure each other by neither word 
nor deed ; to speak in the Latin or in the Greek tongue ; to abstain from 
unmannerly and indecent conversation, and from all cursing and swearing 
and blasphemy of any kind ; to attend most diligently at the hours, sacred 
addresses, prayers, sacred readings and the interpretation of Scripture (which 
we call prophecy), all as prescribed ; in fine, in all matters appertaining to 
the discipline of the Academia, to obey the laws tliat have been made, 
or that may hereafter be made, by the Principal, with the advice of his 
colleagues ; to whom, also, we give the power of drawing up and enacting 
just statutes for preserving intact the discipline of our Gymnasium as 
occasion may demand, and for special purposes. Those persons, also, who, 
although not yet promoted to the dignity of Master, have determined 
to live within the bounds of the Academia, shall submit themselves to 
the disciplinary laws thereof, and give an account of their studies to the 
Principal and the rest of his colleagues. And if living without the Aca- 
demia they nevertheless desire to be present at public or at private 
lectures, they must enter with all modesty, and setting no evil example, 
and must in no way hinder the studies of the rest or injure them by their 
example ; if they act otherwise, they are not to be permitted to enter 
the College. 

And that all these rules be more diligently observed, we ordain that 
this our Gymnasium shall be visited and inspected by the Chancellor, the 
Rector and the Dean of Faculty thrice every year— that is to say, on the 

K 



74 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593. 

first days of October, February and June — to the end that if anything 
either in doctrine or discipline have been neglected or corrupted, it may by 
their advice and warning be amended and corrected. But above all things 
shall diligent inquisition be made concerning religion and the profession 
of faith ; and since such is the cunning of Satan that in every way he 
endeavours to lead away youth from the profession of the Gospel back to 
the darkness of Popery, from which by the grace of God this kingdom has 
been once freed, we strictly command that all who shall be elected into 
this Academia shall make a profession of faith, that Confession, namely, 
which, taken and transcribed from the Word of God, has been put forth 
and published in the Parliament of the realm ; and this shall be done 
once at least every year. But especially before the Principal at their 
admission into the Academia, before the Rector at their matriculation 
in the album of the *' Universitas,"* and before the Dean of Faculty 
at every step of advancement,t each shall make a public profession 
of faith and true religion, and shall promise faithfully to abide in that 
profession. 

The Students admitted into the Academia not only must be diligent 
in their studies and pure in their morals, but must show themselves grateful 
towards the teachers, the Academia, and the public officers. There- 
fore each one of the students shall every year pay to his teacher a fee 
according to the judgment and estimate of the teachers ; in such wise that 
the children of the nobles and of the higher gentry be ordered to pay three 
pounds; the sons of the lower gentry, forty shillings; the children of farmers and 
of merchants of the middle class and of craftsmen, twenty shillings : from these 
payments the poor shall be altogether exempt. To the common servant, called 
the Beadle, each student shall pay two shillings yearly. At examinations, more- 
over, and at promotions, each shall pay into the general fund of the Academia 
as follows : — At the first step and the examination of the first year, six 
shillings and eightpence ; at the second, thirteen shillings and fourpence ; 
at the third, twenty shillings ; at the fourth, and last, thirty shillings ; in 
such wise that from all these payments the poor shall be exempt, who 
are to be reckoned poor being left to the judgment and estimate of the 
teachers. 

Further, because in this our Academia we have provided many duties 
for the Rector and the Dean of Faculty thereof, we desire that these officials be 
elected annually on the first day of March. The Rector shall be a grave, 

• The only occiirrence of this term in the Charter. + See note on p. 70. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER. 75 

godly man, a lover of law and justice, and well skilled therein. He shall have 
ordinary jurisdiction over all the enrolled members of the Academia (called 
Supposts) ; shall be present at all the more important meetings of the 
Academia, especially at elections, as above prescribed, and preside thereat, 
especially in the absence of the Chancellor ; and shall conduct, manage 
and execute all matters that the Rectors of St. Andrews, Glasgow, Edinburgh 
or any other [Academia] are, by law, custom or usage, understood to be able and 
bound to conduct, manage and execute. He shall be elected by all the Sup- 
posts of the Academia divided into four nations, in such wise that the 
Diocese of Aberdeen, on account of the greater number, be divided into 
two nations. Mar and Buchan, the Garioch being included in Mar, and 
the rest, as far as the river Deveron, belonging to Buchan. The remainder 
of the kingdom north of the Grampians shall be comprehended under the 
name of the Moray nation. All to the south of the Grampians shall be 
known as the Angus nation. Procurators, chosen one by each of the 
nations, shall elect the Rector and his Assessors.* The Rector, when elected, 
shall swear that he will faithfully and diligently perform the duties ; that he 
will, with good faith, administer equal justice to all, without any respect of 
persons ; that in elections he will give his vote with the same good faith, 
according to his conviction, and for the interest of the Commonwealth 
and the Academia; that he will zealously forward the interests of the 
College and the Academia so far as consistent with religion, and never in 
anywise knowingly and willingly do what is detrimental to themj in fine, 
that, to the best of his ability, he will adorn and augment this Republic 
of Letters. 

The Dean of Faculty shall be elected at the same meeting, but by the 
Rector, Chancellor, Principal, the three teachers, and the Minister of New 
Aberdeen, provided that the Principal, with the Minister of the new town, shall 
be always present at his election. He shall be a godly man, and well read, 
and conversant not only with the so-called polite letters, but with all philosophy. 
He shall be present and preside at the annual examinations and promotions, and 
shall administer to the examiners an oath that they will faithfully perform their 
duty ; shall have a care of the teaching and diligence of the teachers ; shall see 
to it that the Academia suffer no loss by his neglect ; shall give an uncorrupted 
vote in elections according to the good of the Commonwealth; in fine, 
shall execute all those matters that in [St. Andrews], or in any othet Academia, 

* The only mention of Assessors in the Charter. The latter practice was to appoint 
four. 



7^ MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

are understood to appertain to the duty and office of a Dean of the Faculty 
of liberal Arts. He shall swear that he will faithfully perform the duties; 
that in promotions and steps of advancement he will decide with good faith 
and without respect of persons, according to the judgment of the Examiners 
and Assessors and his own conviction ; that he will promote the interests of 
the College and the Academia so far as consistent with religion ; in fine, that 
he will diligently do everything that he shall understand to belong to the 
office of Dean at St. Andrews or at any other praiseworthy Academia, and shall 
assuredly know to be for the advantage of the Christian and literary 
Commonwealth. 

We forbid any perpetual leasing out of lands or feus, or alienation to 
emphyteusis, or commutation of victual for money, whether on pretext of 
augmentation, or improvement, or for any other reason, or under any 
name whatsoever. But they shall remain for ever in the same circumstances, 
state and condition in which they now are, notwithstanding any consent, 
approbation or confirmation whatsoever.* 

In witness of all which we have caused our seal to be appended 
to this our Charter and Erection, subscribed with our hand at Aberdeen, the 
second day of the month of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand five 
hundred and ninety-three, before these witnesses : — John Forbes, of Pitslego ; 
Master Peter Blackburne, Master Robert Howie, Ministers of Aberdeen ; 



* Notwithstanding this stringent prohibition a perpetual feu was granted five years after 
the foundation of the College. The charter, which is preserved in the Mar. Coll. Charter Chest 
(Mass xii., No. 72), narrates that the principal Master Gilbert Gray " cum expressis consensu 
et assensu nobilis et potentis domini Georgii comitis Mariscalli domini Keyth et ab Altrie etc 
patroni et fundatoris dicte academie necnon vnanimi consensu omnium membrorum eiusdem 
vtilitate dicti collegii in hac parte vndique preuisa pensata et diligenter considerata matura et 
diligenti habita deliberatione inter membra eiusdem cum dicto patrono ... ad feudifirmam 
seu emphiteosim perpetuam hereditarie dimittere . . . honesto viro Andree Williamsoun 
textori burgensi . . . totum et integrum illud tenementum vastum et penitus dirutum et in- 
hospitatum cum horto eiusdem et suis pertinentiis olim occupatum per Ingramum Skletter 
dicto collegio nunc in proprietate incumbens jacens infra dictum burgum in vico viridi ex parte 
boreali eiusdem vici inter terras dicti Andree Williamsoun Joannis Patric Jacobi Wyisman et 
Alexander J affray ex orientali parte terram olim Vilhelmi Voss in Birsbeg nunc vero Andree 
Adye pollentarii ex occidental! parte hortum Vilhelmi Fraser versus boream et communem 
viam regiam versus austrum . . . Tenendum . . . de nobis . . . Reddendo . . . firmam 
quatuor librarum monete Scotie ..." The charter is signed by the Earl, the Principal, the 
Dean of Faculty, and the Minister of Deer. 

The next alienation of property that can be traced is the feu to the Magistrates, in 1732, 
of the ground on which Gordon's Hospital was built. 



1 593-] FOUNDATION CHARTER* ff 

[James] Crichton, younger, of Frendraucht ; and Master David Cunningham, 
Minister of Aberdeen. 

(Signed) GEORGE ERLE MARSHALL.* 



* The following criticism on the Foundation Charter is inserted in the volume of 
"College Rentals, 1593-1764". The paper is undated, but from the reference to three 
Regents must be earlier than 1620. 

" Factis in the Fundatiottn. 

" I. Thair is mony thingis giwin to the Colledge for ane pairt of thair rentall qlk 
nether wee gett nor ar able to gett sic as the chapleines of Bervie and Cowy and the haill 
blak freiris rent 

" 2. Thair is ane grj^er task imposed wpone the principall nor all the prinllis of Scotland 
hes laid wpone theme yea nor they ar able to bear and yit les stipend nor the meinest 
prinll of Scotland hes yea nor any regent of Saint Androis Edr Glascow yea nor the 
subprinll of the auldtoune college yea nor any regent in the Colledge considdering the 
accidentis of thair classes 

" 3. Thair is no perfyt number of regentis as in wther colledgis to witt four to compleit 
the four yeiris cours and so the burdeine of the fourt regent lyis on the prinll and making 
of m>^ and all publict actis q^by he is owerquhelmed with painis and is nott able to follow 
furth the colledge effairis in law or els quhair 

" 4. The regentis hes assignit theme be the fundatioun the half of the prinllis stipend in 
bear rent and moir nor the half in silver rent and hes not the tent pairt of his burdeins and 
so thair is no proportioun 

" 5. Thair is no distinct forme sett doune for chuising ane chanceller nor reall difference 
of electioun betuix a prinll and a regent qlk sould be in effect becaus of thair distinct offices 
and places 

"6. Thair is no certaine stipend assignit to the ceconomus and cook suppois thair 
traiuellis justlie deserve itt and ernestlie requyre itt 

" 7. Thair is apoyntit sex Bursaris and yit no certaine prouisioun for theme and althocht 
thair war provisioun yit the thing apoyntit to wit threttie pundis pro singulis a year war nott 
able as prycis now gois to susteine them 16 or 17 weikis. 

" 8. All things ar confuisit and sparplit heir and thair without order and nott dewlie sett 
downe in articlis as they sould be 

" 9. A hous is apoyntit to be haldin and yit no rowme nether assignit nor knawin qr it 
salbe nor quhow it salbe susteinit or qr materiallis salbe bed for the furnitor of itt 

" 10. The Pl of the Aldtown is put in for on of the admitteris and yit will not 
acknawledge this College for schoole or College and whrfor shuld he have mor preheminence 
over ws nor we have over him and his settis." 



78 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l592. 

Note on the University of Fraserburgh. 
It is not generally known that for a brief period there existed in Aberdeenshire, in full 
working order, not merely the " Keingis Colledge of Auld Aberdene " and the " Academia " 
of George, Earl Marischal, but a third legally constituted university, having its seat in the not 
far distant seaport of Fraserburgh. 

On 1st July, 1592, Sir Alexander Eraser, lineal ancestor of Lord Saltoun, obtained from 
James VI. a charter of Novodamus of the lands of Philorth. In the new grant the town 
of Faithlie is erected into a burgh of barony, to be called in all time coming the Burgh and 
Port of Eraser. " Insuper," so runs the deed, *' damus et concedimus plenariam libertatem et 
potestatem prefato Alexandro Eraser . . , collegium seu collegia infra dictum burgum de 
Eraser edificandi, universitatem erigendi . . . et generaliter omnia alia et singula immuni- 
tatem et privilegium unius universitatis concernentia, in amplissima forma et modo debito, in 
omnibus respectibus, ut conceditur et datur cuicunque collegio et universitati infra regnum 
nostrum erectis seu erigendis, faciendi, agendi et exercendi " {Reg. Mag. Sig., xxxvii. 481). 

Sir Alexander did not allow the powers thus conferred on him to lie idle, for he at once 
began to erect buildings for the contemplated university. Eive years later we find the Scottish 
Parliament recognising his patriotic exertions, and providing that he should be reimbursed for 
part of his outlay. 

" Our Souerane Lord and thrie estatis of this Parliament vnderstanding that Sir 
Alexander Eraser of Eraserbrughe, knycht, being of deliberat mynd and purpois to erect ane 
Vniuersitie within the said brughe, with all priuelegis appertaining thairto, according to the 
tenour of hes infeftment, his begwn to edifie and big vp collegis, quhilkis nocht onlie vill tend 
to the great decoirement of the cuntrey, bot also to the advancement of the loist and tint 
youthe in bringing tham vp in leirning and vertew, to the great honour and weill of our said 
Souerane Lord and natioun, quhilk honorabill intentioun and poUicie maid and to be maid be 
the said Sir Alexander, vpone his exhorbitant and large expensis, aucht and suld be furtherit 
and advancit, and the said Sir Alexander nocht onlie allowit thairintill, bot also helpit and 
supportit to do the samin ; Thairfoir our said Souerane Lord and thrie estatis of the present 
Parliament, for the further advancement of the said brughe and collegis, and for the sustenta- 
tioun and intertenement of maisteris, teichearis and officemen, within the collegis of the samin, 
hes, with expres consent and assent of the said Alexander, dotit, gewin and mortefeit the 
personagis, vicaragis, prebendareis, chaplanreis and altarageis of the paroche kirkis of Phil- 
lorthe, Tyrie, Kremound, and Rathyn, haill teyndis small and great, landis, rowmes and 
possessionis appertening thairto, proffitis, dewteis, annualrentis, and emolumentis quhat- 
sumevir, and ad manum mortuam disponit the samin to the saidis college or collegis ; Pro- 
vyding alwayis the saidis ministeris of the saidis college or collegis ather serve the cure of the 
saidis kirkis, or then the saidis maiisteris, with advyis of the patron, furneis sufficient men for 
serveing the cure of the saidis kirkis, sua that the parochineris be nocht frustrat of the sacre- 
mentis, teicheing and preicheing of the word of God " [Acts of Parliament of Scotland, Vol. iv., 
p. 146 ; December 16, 1597). 

There can be no doubt that the arrangement for the supply of teachers herein set forth 
was actually- called into operation. In 1598 Charles Eerme, M.A., "a man of obscure 
parentage but exceedinglye piouse," who had been elected one of the Regents in the Univer- 
sity of Edinbiu-gh in 1589, was called to the ministry at Eraserburgh, " where there was ane 
beginning of an University, over which he had charge ". (Craufurd's Univ. of Edinb., pp. 33, 
42, and Wodrow's Collections on Life of Ferme, to be printed for New Spalding Club.) 

The sanction of the supreme court of the kirk was, however, necessary to reconcile Mr. 



1592.] UNIVERSITY OF FRASERBURGH. 79 

Ferme to his double duties. This was given by the General Assembly which met at Montrose 
in March, 1600 : " Anent supplicatioun given in be the Presbiterie of Deir, makand mentioun 
that quher the Laird of Philorth having erectit ane Colledge vpun the toune of Fraserbrughe, 
and agreit with Mr. Charles Ferme to be both Pasteur of the said brugh and Principal of his 
Colledge ; quhilk burdein the said Mr. Charles refuses to accept vpon him, without he be 
commandit be the Generall Assemblie : Desyreand, therfor, ane command to be given to the 
said Mr. Charles to accept both the said charges, as at mair length is containit in the said 
supplicatioun : The Generall Assemblie having at length considderit the necessitie of the 
said wark, and how the said Laird of Philorth has refusit to intertaine a Pastour at the said 
Kirk, vnlesse he vndertake both the said charges, therfor commands and charges the said 
Mr. Charles Ferme to vndertake and awaite vpon, as weill the said Kirk, as to be Prin- 
cipall of the Colledge of Fraserbrughe ". {The Bookc of the Universall Kirk of Scotland, 
Vol. iii. , p. 958.) 

The then incumbents of the other three charges mentioned in the Act of Parliament 
were — Crimond : John Gordon, M.A., second son of Alexander Gordon of Lesmoir. Rathen: 
Duncan Davidson, previously Regent in University and King's College, Old Aberdeen. 
Tyrie : John Howesoun, son of David Howesoun, Minister of Aberdour. 

For five sessions the work of the newly founded college probably went on without 
interruption, but in 1605 the ecclesiastical troubles of the time gave a death-blow to the 
scheme. Mr. Ferme was one of those devoted sons of the Church who convened at Aberdeen, 
and constituted the Assembly there in July, 1605, irrespective of the royal pleasure. The 
inevitable result was that, with seventeen others, he was denounced by the Privy Council on 
the i8th of the same month " for unlawfully assembling against the letters and charges of his 
Majesty ". Having undergone imprisonment at Stirling, in the Castle of Doune, and for 
three years in the Isle of Bute, Mr. Ferme was finally allowed to return to his cure, where he 
zealously discharged his duties, teaching both in public and in private, till, worn out by study 
and shattered by incessant toil and sufferings, he died Sept. 24, 1617, aged fifty-one. 
" Through his industry, by the divine blessing, such a light blazed forth that even children 
could render an account of their faith, and that not without some feeling of piety, A Tydeus 
in body, he was a Hercules in spirit." (Hew Scott's Fasti Ecclesice Scoticancs, Vol. iii., p. 626.) 

After the death of Mr. Ferme we find no trace of the university. It was, indeed, 
unlikely that it could survive the removal of its head and the rivalry of the now flourishing 
Marischal College of Aberdeen, Nor have we any evidence as to the nature of the course of 
study at Fraserburgh, But there is no reason to suppose that it differed in any essential 
details from that enjoined in the charter of Marischal College (1593), and in the Nova 
Fundatio of King's College, ratified by the same Parliament of 1597. 

So late as 1793 a portion of the college buildings was still to be seen in Fraserburgh — a 
quadrangular tower of three stories. (Sir John Sinclair's Stat. Ace. of Scotland, Vol. vi., p. 9.) 
But this tower was demolished many years ago, A large house to the left on entering the town 
is said to have been erected with materials taken from the college. Four stones built into the 
front of this house bear inscriptions, probably renewed at the time of the removal. These are : 

Trust in God, for He is good. 

His Mercy is for ever. 

Give Him thanks for all you have. 

For He is the only giver. (Pratt's Buchan, p. 158.) 

These stones alone now remain to tell of the University of Fraserburgh. 



So MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593- 

III. 

David Cunningham, Bishop of Aberdeen, in name of the Masters, Regents, and 
Members of the New College, takes Sasinefrom the Earl Marischal propriis 
manibus of the lands of the Black and of the White Friars. 21st April, 
1593- 
In DEI NOMINE Amen per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum 
Cunctis pateat Evidenter et sit notum quod anno Incarnationis domi- 
nice Millesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo tertio Mensis vero Aprilis 
die vigesimo primo et regni Supremi domini nostri regis Jacobi sexti 
anno vigesimo sexto In mei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum 
presentia personaliter comparuit Nobilis et potens dominus Georgius 
Comes Marischali dominus Keyth et Altre &c Qui animo deliberate 
matura deliberatione prehabita Accessit personaliter cum venerabili 
viro Magistro Dauide Cuninghame Episcopo Abredonensi testibusque 
inferius scriptis ad fundum vbi templa aedificia et domus fratrum 
predicatorum et Carmelitarum burgi de Abredene edificata et con- 
structa fuere Et ibidem tanquam apud principalia messvagia et 
mansiones dictorum fratrum actualem realem et corporalem posses- 
sionem sasinamque hereditariam aedificiorum domuum hortorum man- 
sionum dictorum fratrum predicatorum et carmelitarum infra dictum 
burgum situatorum Necnon omnium et singularum croftarum rigarum 
terrarum tenementorum feudifirmarum et annuorum reddituum tam 
infra dictum burgum et territoria eiusdem quam extra predictum 
burgum olim dictis fratribus spectantium et incumbentium jacentium 
infra dictum burgum et territoria eiusdem vel in quocunque alio regni 
scotiae loco jacent nunc ad dictum comitem spectantium ratione 
sue Infeodationis earundem Memorato Magistro Dauidi Cuninghame 
Episcopo Abredonensi procuratoris nomine Noui Colledgij per dictum 
nobilem comitem infra dictum burgum de abredene in loco fratrum 
Minorum eiusdem in medio dicti burgi situate de nouo et recenter 
fundati nomine magistrorum Regentium et Membrorum eiusdem col- 
ledgij juxta tenorem fundationis mortificationis et erectionis per 
eundem Comitem conserte eius manu et sigillo in ampla et autentica 
forma subscripte et roborate dictus comes fundator dicti colledgij suis 
propriis manibus per donationem terre et lapidis fundi dictorum 
edificiorum et hortorum in signum realis et hereditarie possessionis 



1 593-] SASINE ON FRIARS' LANDS. 8l 

eorundem edificiorum mansionum hortorum domuum terrarum croft- 
arum rigarum annuorum reddituum et feudifirmarum tarn infra dictum 
burgum territoria eiusdem quam extra Cum dicto colledgio omni 
tempore affuturo remanentium juxta mentem et tenorem dicte funda- 
tionis et mortificationis Super Quibus Omnibus et singulis 
Memoratus Magister Dauid Cuninghame Episcopus Abredonensis 
nomine dicti colledgij infra dictum burgum per prefatum comi- 
tem de nouo et recenter fundati et erecti Magistrorum Regentium 
et membrorum eiusdem a me notario publico subscript© sibi fieri 
petijt Instrumentum seu Instrumenta vnum vel plura publicum seu 
publica Acta erant hec super fundis habitationum seu man- 
sionum dictorum fratrum predicatorum et carmelitarum respectiue et 
successiue horam inter vndecimam et duodecimam diei presentibus 
ibidem honorabilibus viris loane Forbes de Petslego Alexandro Ban- 
nerman de Vatertoun Joanne Keth Roberto Kar seruitoribus dicti 
Comitis Magistris Petro Blakburne et Roberto Howye Ministris verbi 
dei ecclesie dicti burgi Magistro Patricio Cheine Georgio Forbes 
Vilhelmo Gray tribus balliuorum eiusdem burgi Dauide Cargil 
thesaurarij eiusdem burgi Magistro Thoma Cargill ludimagistro 
eiusdem Dauide Robertsoun et Thoma Dicksoun duobus sergean- 
dorum prefati burgi testibus ad premissa vocatis pariterque rogatis. 

Et ego vero magister Thomas mollesonus Abredonensis diocesis 
clericus regali auctoritate notarius publicus per dominos consilij iuxta 
tenorem acti parliamenti juratus et creatus burgique de Abredene scriba 
comunis premisse possessionis dationi mansionum domuum edificiorum 
feudifirmarum annuorum reddituum supra specificatorum per dictum 
comitem marischalli suis propriis manibus dicto episcopo aberdonensi 
nomine noui collegii infra burgum de Aberdein per dictum comitem 
erecti ceterisque omnibus dum sic vt premittitur dictis actis factis 
vnacum prenominatis testibus presens personaliter interfui eaque omnia 
et singula sic fieri vidi sciui et audiui ac in notam cepi Ideo hoc 
presens publicum instrumentum manu aliena fideliter scriptum exinde 
confeci signaui et subscripsi In fidem robur et testimonium veritatis 
omnium et singulorum premissorum requisitus et rogatus. 

From the original Instrument in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room, Mass. iii., 

No. 56. The Sasine is recorded in the Sasine Register of the Burghy 

Vol. xxiv., f. 79(5. 

L 



82 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Ilia. 

Abstract of foregoing Sasine. 

On 2ist April, 1593, between the hours of eleven and twelve, compeared 
George Earl Marischal, and at the places of the Black and of the White 
Friars did personally infeft Master David Cunningham, Bishop of Aberdeen, 
procurator for the New College, in all the properties of the said Friars, morti- 
fied by the said Earl for behoof of the said College : whereon the said Master 
David craved instruments. Present : John Forbes of Pitsligo ; Alexander 
Bannerman of Waterton ; John Keith and Robert Kar, servants of the Earl ; 
Masters Peter Blackburn and Robert Howie, ministers of Aberdeen ; Master 
Patrick Cheine, George Forbes, and William (iray, baillies ; David Cargill, 
treasurer ; Master Thomas Cargill, rector of the Grammar School ; David 
Robertson and Thomas Dickson, town Serjeants. All certified by Thomas 
MoUison, town clerk, notary public. 

IV. 

Margaret Home, Countess Marischal, renounces, in favour of the Neiv College, her 
liferent interest in the lands of the Black Friars and of the White Friars. 
21st April, 1593. 

In dei nomine Amen per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum 
cunctis pateat euidenter et sit notum quod anno Incarnationis Domi- 
nica millesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo tertio mensis vero aprilis 
die vigesimo primo et regni supremi dni nostri regis Jacobi Sexti anno 
vigesimo sexto In mei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum pre- 
sentia necnon presentia honorabilis viri vilhelmi Gray vnius balliorum 
burgi de Aberdene personaliter comparuit nobilis Domina Margareta 
home comitissa de Mershell vxor nobilis et potentis domini georgii 
comitis Mariscalli domini Keyth et altrie extra presentiam sui mariti 
Que comitissa non vi aut metu ducta nee errore lapsa seu quouis dolo 
vel fraude circumuenta sed mature auisata Jureque suo certiorata 
Animo non variante vt apparuit renunciauit sue coniuncte Infeo- 
dationi et vitali redditui cum omni titulo jure et proprietate que 
et quas dicta Margareta comitissa de Mershell habet habuit aut 
habere poterit in vel ad aedificia mansiones domos hortos terras 
tenementa croftas rigas annuos redditus feudifirmas que olim pertine- 
bant ad fratres predicatores et Carmelitanos dicti burgi tam infra 
dictum burgum territoria eiusdem quam extra eundem burgum in quo- 



IS93-] COUNTESS MARISCHAL'S RENUNCIATION. 83 

cunque alio regni Scotie loco Et hoc in gratiam et fauorem Noui 
collegij per dictum comitem eius maritum infra dictum burgum in loco 
fratrum minorum eiusdem de nouo et recenter erecti magistrorum re- 
gentium et membrorum eiusdem collegij cum eodem collegio remanentes 
secundum mentem et tenorem fundationis mortificationis et erectionis 
dicti comitis sui sponsi Et jurauit dicta comitissa quod ad dictam 
Renunciationem faciendam non fuit compulsa seducta neque quouis 
modo coacta sed quod eandem libere et spontane fecit Et quod 
in contrarium ejusdem nusquam clam vel palam in Judicio nee extra 
judicium deueniet sub penis periurii infamie et inhabitatis Renun- 
ciando omni juris exceptionis et preuilegio in gratiam mulierum 
facto et speciatim senatus consulti telliani Et intervallo medio 
idem georgius comes Mariscalli comparens in presentia dicti vilhelmi 
gray balliui Ratificavit predictam Renunciationem factam per dictam 
Margaretam home comitissam eius vxorem de dictis edificijs hortis 
domibus mansionibus tenementis terris croftis rigis annuis redditibus 
et feudifirmis in fauorem dicti collegij magistrorum regentium et 
membrorum eiusdem modo supradicto factam ratificauit et approbauit 
eidem renunciationi suum consensum et assensum interposuit Super 
quibus omnibus et singulis Alexander Rutherfurd procuratorio nomine 
dicti collegij a me notario publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit presens 
publicum Instrumentum Acta erant hec in hospitio dicti comitis 
infra dictum burgum in vico castri eiusdem ex australi parte eiusdem 
vici et in domo anteriore hora duodecima diei aut eo circa presentibus 
Ibidem Dauide episcopo abredonensi magistris petro blakburne roberto 
howie ministris verbi dei dicti burgi magistro patricio cheyne georgio 
forbes duobus balliorum eiusdem magistro thoma cargill ludimagistro 
dicti burgi et magistro duncano skene notario publico testibus ad 
premissa vocalis pariterque rogatis. 

From the Sasine Register of the Burgh of Aberdeen, Vol. xxiv., f. 80. 

IVa. 

Abstract of foregoing Renunciation. 
On 2 1 St April, 1593, about the hour of twelve, compeared Margaret 
Home, Countess Marischal, at the Earl's house on the South side of 
the Castlegate, and, her husband not being present, did renounce her con- 
junct infeftment and liferent of the properties of the Black and of the White 



84 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Friars [v. supra^ p. 38] in favour of the New College, swearing that she 
did so under no compulsion. Thereafter compeared the Earl and did ratify 
the Countess' renunciation. Whereon Alexander Rutherford, as procurator 
for the College, craved instruments. Present : David, Bishop of Aberdeen ; 
Masters Peter Blackburn and Robert Howie, ministers thereof ; Masters Patrick 
Cheine and George Forbes, baillies; Master Thomas Cargill, rector of the 
Grammar School; and Master Duncan Skene, notary public. 

V. 

The General Assembly of the Kirk approve and affirm the Earl MarischaVs 
Foundation, 26th April, 1593. 

Dundie the tw^entie sext day of April!, 1593. 

The General] Assemblie of the Y Kirk, having imployit certaine 
of J?^ godly and best learned Brether of thair number, to Y sighting, 
and considering of this Fundatione and erection following thair judge- 
ment and approbation hairof, after reasoning had in Y matter, Hes 
Given and gives thair consent and approbatioun thairto, and approves 
and afiirmes Y same in all Y headis thairof, after Y forme and tenor of 
the same Sic subscribitur 

From a copy appended to the transcript of Earl Marischal's Charter in 
the " Foundation Book " of Mar. Coll., p. 18. Another coj^y in the 
Town Council Register, Vol. xli., p. 1032, bears the subscription T. 
Riche. 

VI. 

The Scots Parliament ratify the Earl MarischaPs Foundation. 2\st July, 1593. 

OuRE SouERANE LoRD and estaitis of )?is pnt parliament, Vnder- 
standing that george Erll merschell lord keith T:c hes laitlie foundit 
and erectit ane college w'^'in J?e burgh of new abirdene and dotit the 
same w' dyuerg rentis and patrimony of his awin propre landis, ffor 
advanceing of the qlk also the provest bailies, counsaill and coiiiwnitie 
of the said burgh, hes gevin to the said Erll, the place kirk clois and 
3ard qlkis appertenit sumtyme to the gray freiris of abirdene to be an- 
next to the said college as at mair lenth in the Ire} of fundatioun and 
erectioun of the said college is ^tenit Thairfoir his hienes and es- 
taitis foirsaidis. Ratifies apprevis and confermis the said fundatioun 
and erectioun qlk is of the dait the day of aprile J"V fourscoir 



1 593-] TOWN council's resignation. 85 

threttene 3eiris, w' all the clauss^ articles heidis and conditionis thairin 
^tenit And forder gevis and disponis thairto, all fredomes franchises, 
liberties, frie priuileges, and iurisdictioun, that to ane frie college w'^'in 
this realme be law and practik is knawin to appertene, Provyding al- 
wayes that the masteris meberis, student^ bursaris, and haill inhabi- 
tantis of the said college is and salbe in all tymes heirefter subiect to 
the iurisdictioun of the provest, bailies and counsaill of the said burgh 
of abirdene in all thingis to be done or comittit be thame, outw' the 
wallis of the said college and w'Mn the tritores or fredome of the said 
burgh 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland^ Vol. iv.(i8i6), p. 35, cap. 
48. An extract, certified by Sir John Skene, Clerk Register, is pre- 
served in Mar. Coll. Charter Room ("Foundation Charters," 6) ; and 
a copy is entered in the "Foundation Book," p. 19. 

VII. 

The Tojvn Council agree to resign the possessions of the Gray Friars in favour of 
the Earl Marischal. 2 d^th September, 1593. 

The Said day Thomas Meng3eis prouest, M'' Patk Cheyne George 
Forbes and William Gray Baillies, Alexander Rutherfuird, Johne Col- 
lesoun, Dauid Cargill, Andro Scherar, Alexander Ewyn Thomas Duvie 
persones of the counsell of the said burche, voitit thocht guid and ex- 
pedient, that the gray freiris place thairof hous bigingis kirk and yaird 
of the samen salbe resignit in fauouris of ane Nobill and potent Lord 
George erll Merschell, Lord Keith and Altrie To be giffin be the said 
erll to be ane college, according to his constitutioun and erectioun th^'of 
The said erll makand the Leiffing Rent Revennew and annuell rentis 
promesit and granttit be him abefoir to the said college To Remane 
th''with annexed thairvnto, according to the fundatioun and Institutioun 
And the said college nawayis to be translatit fur' of this bur' to ony''"" 
place And the premisses beand performit be the said erll The forsaid 
Resignatioun of the said place to be maid in the said erlis fauors, and 
na vther wayis. And to travell w' the said erll to the effect forsaid The 
said Thomas Meng3eis prouest, George Forbes maister Patk Cheyne and 
Willeam Gray bailleis, w' Alexander Rutherfuird and Johne Collesone 
wer appointit and nominat be the remanent personis of the counsall 
abouespecifiet. And maister Richard Irwyng dean of gild Robert 



86 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1593- 

Meng3eis and W"" Jak personis of the con 

sentit that the said place 

signit vnyvayis in fauoris 

natioun Jjrof salbe maid 

uors of the said college . . . . , 

be haldin be J?' said ....>■ 

comunitie of this hurt 

And na vther wayis 

maid vthervayis that the 

Note and Instrument etc. 

From the To7an Council Register^ Vol. xxxiv., p. 964. 

A portion of the leaf has been torn, but the tenor of what is missing can be learnt from 
an account of the transaction given in A Memorial for the Right Honourable the Earl 0/ Find- 
later, from the Magistrates and Council of Aberdeen, concerning the Union of the two Colleges 
of Aberdeen, laid before his Lordship as sole Arbiter, for determining the points underwritten, 
November, 1754. 

"There was in the royal burgh of Aberdeen in the time of popery several orders 
of churchmen, as the Grayfriars, Blackfriars, Whitefriars, and Trinityfriars ; and after 
the reformation, the town of Aberdeen obtained a right to the place, mansion-houses, 
church-gardens, &c., which was possessed by the Grayfriars, not only by a grant from the 
crown, but also by purchasing in several claims and titles which private persons had thereon, 
which cost the town a good deal of money, as appears by their ancient records, and so they 
obtained full possession of the same, and uplifted the rents forth of houses and gardens for 
several years, and applied the same for subsisting poor persons in the town's hospital, until the 
year 1593, when the Earl oi Marischal set a project on foot, of founding and erecting a regular 
College within the burgh of Aberdeen, and endowing the same with the rents of several lands, 
particularly those which belonged to the Black and Whitefriars of the said burgh, whereof he 
had obtained a grant from King fames VI. 

" But the mansion-houses of the Grayfriars were thought to be the most proper place for 
a seat to the college ; and as that was the possession and property of the'town oi Aberdeen, 
the Earl applied to the then magistrates and council, to see if they would encourage so good 
an undertaking for the benefit of their town, and make a donation of the Grayfriars manses 
and gardens for a seat to the college, being in the centre of the town. 

" Accordingly, the town council upon the z^th September, 1593, agreed to resign the said 
Grayfriars place, mansion-houses, kirk, and yard, in favours of the Earl of Marischal, to be 
given by him the said Earl, to be a college, according to the institution and erection thereof. 
The said Earl making . . . and no otherwise [ut supra], 

"This act was not unanimous, some of the members of council dissented, and contended 
that the Town should only make the donation directly in favours of the masters and members 
of the college, to be holden in all time thereafter of the town-council as immediate superiors 
thereof. However, as the majority was for resigning in favours of the Earl of Marischal, he 
made an ample foundation and erection of a college, called in all time thereafter, The 
Marischal College of Aberdeen, and the Earl to be undoubted patron thereof". Memorials, 
&•€., relating to the Union of the King^s and Marischal Colleges of Aberdeen [Aberdeen] 1755, 



1 593-] EARLIEST COLLEGE BUILDINGS. 87 

pp. 21-3. (A scarce tract, not reprinted in A Complete Collection of the Papers relating to 
the Union of the Xing'" s and Marischal Colleges of Aberdeen. Aberdeen, 1787.) 

On the 13th of June preceding, the Council " deuysit decernit concludit and ordainit 
all in ane voice the soume off Auchtene hundreth merkis vsuall scottis moe to be payit and 
delyuerit to the said Patrik [eldest lawfuU sone to umquhill Andro Jak burges of the said 
burgh] for himself and in name of the said Gilbert his brother for the heretabill richt disposi- 
tion and resignatioun maid be thame to the toun off the saidis gray freris place houssis yardis 
and pertinentis " {T. C.R., xxxiv. ,841). On igth October, 1576, the property in question had been 
" sett heretabille in few ferme" by the Council to David Indeauth, Andrew King, and Andrew 
Jak, the highest bidders, for a yearly feumaill of forty pounds, to be " deput and consignit to 
the support of the indigent and puir in thair hospitall " : under special reservation of the "kirk 
and the lytill hacht howss passand furth of the queyir on the eist syd wall of the said kirk 
callit the Jowalhowss as it is presentlie mercheit betuix four stane vallis," and of the "grait 
foryett cloiss and passage to the kirk be the grait dur and be the lytill dur" (T, C. /?., xxix. 18). 

It is difficult to see how the intention expressed by the Council on 24th September to 
resign this property in favour of the Earl, can be reconciled with the definite grant by him of 
the same, contained in the foundation charter, dated 2nd April preceding. (See p.. 41.) The 
Act of Parliament of 2 1st July states that " the provest bailies counsaill and commwnitie of 
the said burgh hes gevin to the said Erll the place, kirk, &c." (p. 84). 

Parson Gordon's account of the transaction is as follows : " Ccenobium ipsum abre- 
donenses anno 1593 Septembris 4 dono dederunt ea tamen lege ut academiam philosophicam 
conventus loco subrogaret Georgius Kaethus illustrissimus Mareshallanus comes nee abnuit 
Mareshallus qui vel eodem anno academiam istam ejusque jura diplomate Regis serenissimi 
Jac. 6ti sancita rataque instituit " (Adv. Libr. MS., 34-2-8). Thus rendered by the con- 
temporary translator : " In the yeer 1593, Sept"s the fourt, the tounsmen, by a publict deed, 
gave away the building of the convent itselfif to the richt honorable George, erle Marishall 
of Scotland ; hot upon conditione that he would erect a philosophic colledge ther. Nor did 
Marishall declyne to doe so, for that same very yeir he foundit ane academic ther, whoes 
priviledges he procured to be ratified by the most illustrious Prince James the 6th his letters 
patents for that effect." Of such ratifying letters patent, other than the Act of Parliament of 
2ist July, I can find no trace. ^ 

Note on Earliest College Buildings. 

The original College consisted of such parts of the Greyfriars monastery as were saved 
from the fury of the Reformers. The Franciscans, the last of the monastic orders to obtain a 
settlement in Aberdeen, acquired in 1469 from Richard Vaus, dominus de Many, the ground 
belonging to him on the East side of the Gallowgate, " pro quo vt dicitur potuit accepisse 
centum libras ". (MS. Necrologia Coenobii — now in Univ. Library — Jan. xvii.) The consent 
of the Bishop, the King, and the Pope was subsequently obtained in the usual manner. (Mar. 
Coll. Charters, Mass i., No. 2). 

It does not appear that at the time of the Reformation the Franciscans had acquired any 
other property in land save two small additions noted in the Necrologia. 

Thomas Myrtoun, Archdeacon of Aberdeen, " contulit ad augmentum conuentus 
terram suam inter terram Andree Culan et conuentum a parte occidentali 
jacentem valoris septuaginta marcarum ". 
David Colisoun, " contulit particulam quandam tenementi sui pro ampleatione 
claustri : pro cuius anima primogenitus eius construxit transitujn ad chorum ". 



88 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l593. 

The fabric erected by the Friars is described by Keith as " of a great length. ... It has 
a Church, with a little Steeple, which was constantly rung for conveening the Scholars to all 
publick Lessons in the College." (Cat. of Scotch Bishops, p. 276.) 

No plan of the monastery is extant. The shell of the church has been preserved, but in 
1769 a portion, twenty feet in length, was sacrificed to enlarge the College entrance, a new 
aisle being erected at the same time, projecting from the east side. 

The names of the contributors to the original building fund have been handed down in 
the Necrologia. 

William Hay, Earl of Erroll, " qui murum australem totius conuentus in magna parte 

suis sumptibus construxit ". 
Master John Flescher, Chancellor of Aberdeen, " qui dedit pro structura domus 

nostre borialis xx libras ". 
Gavin Dunbar, Bishop of Aberdeen, "qui nouam ecclesiam funditus construxit: 

cuius constructure mille quadringentas marcas dedit ". 
Robert Colane, " qui suis expensis dormitorium pro magna parte con.struxit ". 
Andrew Ravyner of Davolr, "qui in sua vita contulit pro structura conventus xx 

marcas : in morte vero reliquit xxiiij marcas ". 
William Steuart, Bishop of Aberdeen, " qui pro comparatione fundi ex parte ecclesie 

boriali xl libras contulit ". 
William Crechtone, Rector of Oyne, " qui in morte xl libras legauit ex quibus pro 

magna parte murus borialis orti nostri inferioris fuit constructus ". 
Master John Maitland, Subdean of Ross, " qui dedit pro structura huius conuentus 

infra mediam partem vnius anni centum marcas ". 
William Chalmer of Balnacrag, " qui dedit xx libras pro . . . fabrica loci". 
John Murray, "qui dedit pro structura huius conuentus vna vice simul xx libras preter 

paruas elimosinas ". 
William Elphinstoun, Rector of Clat, " qui dedit ... ad constructionem gabuli chori 
veteris x marcas : ac in fine dierum suorum pro constructione ecclesie nostre noue 
deposuit centum libras ". 
Robert Schand, Rector of Alves, "qui dorsum altaris Beate Virginis fieri fecit". 
Duncan Scherar, Rector of Clat, "qui contulit pro firatrum structuris . . . supra 

quadraginta libras ". 
Duncan Burnat, Rector of Methlic, " qui contulit xiiij lib pro structura . . . conuentus ". 
Master Alexander Galloway, Rector of Kinkell. "Is ecclessiam nouam laudi diui 
Francisci dicatam Gauini Dunbeir episcopi sumptibus erexit : necnon et suis 
expensis aram in Sancti lohannis Baptiste honorem construi fecit". 
Egidia Blair, Domina de Row, "que . . . contulit pro constructione huius naue 
ecclesie . . . cxx marcas ". 
On 29th December, 1559, the Greyfriars resigned their property within the burgh "hos- 
picia edes et ortos " into the hands of the Magistrates (Town's Charters, A^ 18; Town Council 
Register, xxiii. 269 ; Register of Privy Council, i. 201), who eight years later obtained a charter 
from James VI. confirming their right to the same, they engaging to establish therewith a public 
hospital for orphans, poor children, and disabled persons (Charters, A'^ 19, T. C. R., xxvii. 232). 
This design was not carried into effect, and the grant fell under the King's General Revocation 
of 29th July, 1587, on which date a new deed was executed in favour of George, Earl of Huntly 
{Reg. Mag. Sig., xxxvi. 395), from whom we find the Council reacquiring the property in 1589. 
(T. C. R., xxviii. 292, xxxiii, 158; Reg. of P. C, ii. 391.) 



1596.] BREWCROFT OF MILTOUN. 89 

VIII. 

The Town Council ordain the Clerk to deliver the Foundation to the Principal. 

20th September, 1594. 

The Said day The Prouest Bailleis and Counsall ordanit Maister 
Thomas Mollisone clerk To delyuer to Maister Robert houye minister 
Maister and Principall off the new erectit college within the'burght 
The erectioun and fundatioun off the said College seallit and Subscrivit 
be the erle merschall qlk is presentlie in the said M"" thomas handis 
Receavit be him at command off the consall fra Maister Johne hay one 
off the clerkis off his maties sessioun Quilk erectioun the said Maister 
Thomas be vertew off the said Ordinance delyuerit to the said Maister 
Robert quha oblegit him to exhibit and produce the samen quhen he 
salbe requirit be the Prouest Bailleis and consall off this burght befoir 
the Lordis off sessioun or commiss^'^^ off abirden as they sail think ex- 
pedient to be transsvmit at thair Instance as ane evident concerning 
thame. 

From the Town Council Register, vol. xxxv., p. 405.* 



IX. 

James Leslie of Durno grants to Principal Robert Howie and his successors the 
Brew Croft of Miltoun in the Garioch. ^th October, 1596. 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris vel audituris Jacobus Leslie de 
Durno Eternamin Domino Salutem Quia clarissimus mariscalli comes 
ad eternam sui nominis laudem Aberdonie nouum erexit collegium cum 
laudabili conatu reipublice literarie incremento totique ecclesie utili- 
tati voluit consulere, Sed in quo tamen ob defectum annuorum reddi- 
tuum fere supprimuntur doctorum virorum ibidem commorantium felices 

* The Earl writes to Mr. Peter Blackburne : " M Peter Blacburne, Minister of Aberdein yea 
shal efter the sight herof delywer to M Robert Hovye the Principal of our new erected Col- 
ledge within the burgh of Aberdein the whole old wreitis evidentis and chartouris concerning 
the landis croftis and annuel rentis somtyme belonging to the Whyte and Black frieris of 
Aberdein and now given and mortified be vs to the said Colledge qlks wreitis and evidentis 
we delyvered to you abefore in keping, and thir presentis shal be sufficient warrand to yow for 
delyvering'of them to the said M Robert. Subscrywed with our hand att Abd the tent of Sep- 
tember 1595. Marshall." - From the original in the Mar, Coll. Ch. Room, "Inventories," No. i. 
Mr. Howie's receipt is appended. 

M 



go MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l596. 

conatus, Et ne ego pro exiguis meis facultatibus tanto reipublice 
seminario deessem cum memorata ilia in sacris Uteris vidua obulum 
meum offerre constitui : Noueritis itaque me cum expressis consensu 
et assensu Gulielmi Leslie de Vardess patris mei et Magdalene Erskein 
coniugis mee, meis vtilitate et commodo in hac parte undique preuisis 
et diligenter consideratis ex certis causis rationi consonis animum 
meum ad hec mouentibus, et presertim ad Dei laudem et bonarum 
literarum quoad me fieri potest augmentationem : donasse concessisse 
titulo oneroso alienasse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse, tenore- 
que presentium dare concedere titulo oneroso alienare et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmare Magistro Roberto Houie primario et procuratori 
communi dicti collegii suique successoribus primariis et procuratoribus 
collegij antedicti tanquam ad manus mortuas ToTAS et integras quatuor 
terre acras (vulgo four riggis of land commonlie callit the Brew croft of 
the Miltoun) cum suis priuilegiis solitis et consuetis partibus pendiculis 
et pertinentiis earundem occupatas jampridem per Alexandrum Ander- 
son in Brigend nunc vero per meipsum Jacentes infra regalitatem de 
Garioch et vicecomitatum de Abirdein vnacum pastura et focalibus in 
campis et marresiis dicte ville de Miltoune quantum juste spectare 
debet et convenit dicte crofte : Tenendas et habendas totas et integras 
quatuor terre acras (vulgo four riggis of land commonlie callit the Brew 
croft of Miltoun) cum suis priuilegiis solitis et consuetis partibus pen- 
diculis et pertinentiis earundem occupatas vt supra prefato Magistro 
Roberto Houie suisque successoribus predictis de meis heredibus et me 
meisque assignatis in feodo et hereditate ac libera alba firma hereditarie 
in perpetuum . . . Reddendo inde annuatim dictus Robertus Houie 
suique successores mihi meis heredibus et assignatis unum denarium 
usualis monete regni Scotie in festo pentecostes super solum et fundum 
dictarum terrarum nomine albe firme si petatur tantum . . . Prouiso 
omnimodo quod non erit licitum dicto primario aut eius successoribus 
dictas terras aut hereditarie vendere vel eas in perpetuam emphyteusim 
dimittere aut cuivis locare aut assedare nisi propter solutionem quatuor 
bollarum hordei annuatim sicut de presenti pro dictis terris soluitur: 
Prouiso etiam si qui sint temporibus futuris dicti collegij alumni vulgo 
bursarij et si qui ingenui adolescentes de familia mea oriundi et ea de- 
ficiente de familia de Vardess et ea deficiente de nomine Leslie qui sese 
cum consensu meo et meorum heredum presentauerunt vt admittantur 



1596.] BREWCROFT OF MILTOUN. 9I 

ad bursum in dicto collegio, quod sicut quivis alius alumnus vel bur- 
sarius qui in eodem collegio fuerit, admittantur: In cuius rei testi- 
monium huic presenti carte mee preceptum sasine in se continenti 
manu Magistri Gulielmi Raye notarij publici scripto ac manu mea 
necnon manibus mei patris ac coniugis subscripto sigillum proprium 
est appensum apud Miltoun de Durno nono die mensis octobris anno 
Domini millesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo sexto coram his testibus 
Joanne Leslie de Balquhane Magistro Gulielmo Leslie de Mekill 
Varthill Joanne Leslie apparenti de Balquhane et Magistro Roberto 
Paip adwcato 

[Sic subscr.] James Leslie w* my hand 

Magdaleine Erskyne w' my hand 
Balquhine witnes 
Johne Leslie wittnes 
W" Leslie of Veradess consentis 
From the original Charter in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room, Mass X., No. 
10. Sasine on this Charter was taken by Principal Robert Howie, 
13th April, 1597. See Mass X., No. 29.* 

IXa. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

James Leslie of Durno, with consent of his father, William Leslie of 
Wardes, and of his wife, Magdalene Erskine, in order to augment the insuffi- 
cient rental of the newly founded college, mortifies to Master Robert Howie, 
principal and common procurator thereof, and his successors, four rigs of land 
commonly called the Brewcroft of the Miltoun, lying in the Garioch, formerly 
occupied by Alexander Anderson in Brigend and now by the mortifier, with 
rights of pasture and fuel in the fields and bogs of the Miltoun : To be held 
of the mortifier, his heirs, and assigns in blench farm, for yearly payment of 
one penny Scots at Pentecost : Providing that all sale or perpetual loca- 

* No permanent benefit to the College was derived from this mortification. In the 
Rental of 1598 the Croft is valued at four bolls malt [infra, p. 92] ; but from the Rental of 
1606 [infra, p. 105] we learn that " We get presentlie nothing thrfor. For it is laid waist be 
discord betwixt the laird of Wardes and James [Leslie] ". In a return made to the University 
Commissioners of 1826-30 (Evidence, Vol. iv., p. 255) reference is made to " A Charter 
granted to the College in 1596, on a croft called the Brew Croft, the situation of which has 
not been at present clearly ascertained ". It is believed that the croft now forms part of the 
estate of Logie Elphinstone. (Cf. Scottish Notes and Queries, ii. 13, 159.) 



92 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l598. 

tion of the lands shall be forbidden ; and that deserving youths descended 
from the family of the mortifier, or that of Wardes, or bearing the name of 
Leslie, shall be entitled to claim bursaries at the said College. Sealed at 
Miltoun of Durno, 9th October, 1596, and signed by James Leslie, Magdalene 
Erskine, John Leslie of Balquhain, John Leslie, younger of Balquhain, and 
William Leslie of Wardes. 

X. 
Principal Robert Howie's Rental of the College. 1598. 
Begynis the rental! quhilk M'^ Robert Howye first principall off 
J?e new colledge off Aberdein maid and collectit sen his 
entrie J?rto in anno 1593 till J?is present 3eir 1598 
Item imprimis for tuo croftis occupied be Gilbert Still 14 bollis bear 
Item for the Incroft of the Black freris occupied be James Men- 

3es subtennent 6 bollis beare 

He hes no set or tak of it bot may be removed 
Item for the Cunninger hillis occupied be Robert Forbes 
Whairof he has a sett because he payes almost the fulle 
jjewtie * 8 bollis bear 

Item for the Forcroft of the Blacfreris lying at the west gewall 
of S Nicholas kirk presentlie occupied be Alex*^ Chalmer 
provost Whairof he has a verball sett in the presence of 
the Bishop and M George Chalmer bot vnder the promise 
of a gratitude in money qlk I shuld haif imployed vpon 
the reparing of our schoole qlk I have not as yet got- 
tin t 6 bollis malt rin mett 

Item for tuo riggis lying at the Gallowgett head occupied be 
Alex"" Malyson Whairof he has no sett bot a naked word 
in favour of his brother M Thomas for whose cause I ewer 
owersaw him 2 bollis bear 

He ought to be highted for he receaves sex bollis from the 
tennent 
Item for the Brew croft of the miltoun of Dorno occupied be 
Alex'' Anderson in Brigend doted to the College be James 
Leslie of Dorno son to the Laird of Vardes 4 bollis malt rin mett 

* •• Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 5, against Patrick Gray, elder, August 21, 1593 ; and 
P' 30» against Robert Forbes, elder, June 17, 1596. 

t /6/d.| p. 7, against Alexander Chalmer of Cults, August 21, 1593. 



1 598-] PRINCIPAL HOWIE'S RENTAL. 93 

Item for the Wheitt freris yardis presentlie occupied be James 

Nicolson Whairof he receaved a sett of sex yeares with 

provision it shuld expyre ipso facto he not paying at the 

term appointed * 4 bollis malt rin mett 

I dout whidder it be malt or bear for I haif no coppie of his 

assedation Ansu : it is bear rin mett 



30 bollis bear 
14 bollis malt 

Item for the Gray freris garding qlk is the gardine of our 

manse 50 markis 

It should pay more hot we dispense with Jhon Crafurd 
because he is occupied in our farmis 
Item from James Nicolson in the Whyit freres for his house and 
yard presentlie occupied be himself qlk hee hes in few 
of vs 8 markis 

Item for the Smiddie lying at the Whyit freres presentlie occu- 
pied be William Smyth t 6 markis 
He wald be removed at the nixt Vitsonday because he is 
an ewel debtour 
Item from Jhon Mitchel for his house yard barn and kill lying at 
the Whyit freres qlk he holdis in few of vs the chartour 
is maid hot lying in my Lord Marschallis handis 25 markis 
Item out of the barronrie of Fiddes payed be my old ladie 

Forbes coniunct fier 15 markis 

The old evident of the mortification of this anvel to the 
Black freres is wrettin on parchment in the toune of 
Aberdeinis locked book 14 feb"J 1469 
Item from the goodman of New Leslie for his landis in New 

Leslie 10 markis 

Item from Duncan Leslie presentlie Laird of Pitcappel for tuo 
several anvellis auchtand forth of his landis of Cremonth 
and the haltoun of Arduin 5 markis 

* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 30, against Thomas Mollyson and John Mitchell, 
June 17, 1596. 

f Ibid., p. 30, against Robert Smith, September 23, 1595; and p. 42, against William 
Smith, July 4, 1600. 



94 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l598. 

Item for a croft called Fill-the-Cop and another lying at the head 
of the gallowgett marching with Patrik Forbes croftis 
apertaining somtyme to his good father Alex"" Rutherfurd 
qlk ar now occupied be Alex"" Chalmer provest who 
entered vpon Thomas Nicolsonis sett qlk is not yett 
expyred 6 markis 

Item out of the landis of Banchorie Devenik as the laird of Ban- 
chorie is bound be an act in the tovne of Aberdeins 
bookis the 24 day of Junij 1598 in presence of the provest 
and a bail3e * 10 markis 

He restis only this Martimes terme cumming 1598 
Item for the Lang Landis qlk Jhon Men3es holdis in feu of the 

Whyit freres 10 lib 9 s 10 d 

Item for the landis qlk M Thomas Men3es holdis of the Whyit 

freris in feu 5 lib 

Item for the Marie Wall croft sutyme appertaining to David 
Men3es holding also in feu of the Whyit freres now occu- 
pied be Vilyeam Lorimer 3 lib 
Nota thir two croftis wer given out conjunctlie to old 
Gilbert Men3es be the Whyit freres for 8 lib sexs 
as there original chartour bearis bot they haue in 
there several chartouris diminished the rental and 
maid it only aucht lib qlk should be receaved vnles 
it be payed according to the first sett 
Item for the Whyit freres yard occupied somtyme be Patrik 
Malyson now be Thomas Malyson and his subtennent 
Jhon Mitchel Whairof the said Thomas has no sett bot 
was ewer owersein be me for M Thomas Malyson cause 
against the qlk Thomas we have a decreit of removing 
ano 1596 in our book of processe 12 markis 
for so it payis presentlie The colledge wald dispense no 
more jvith the dewtie of it 
Item out of Alex Cullenis house presentlie occupied be him self t 20 s 



• Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., Mass ii., No. 42. 

t " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 3, against Alex. Cullen, June 26, 1593. 



1598.] PRINCIPAL HOWIE'S RENTAL. 95 

Item forth of land lying in the grein occupied somtyme be Pat- 
rik Hannibal now appartaining to Edvard Donaldson in 
few Whairof he has maid a disposition of a part to Robert 

[?] in Torrie * 36 s 

Item of Thomas Kayis hous and baikhouse in the neather 

kirkgettt 6s 8d 

Item of Alex"" Hoomis house lying in the south syid of the Castel- 

gait besyid M George Jhonstonis land | 13 s 4 d 

Item of Robert Grayis house neather kirkgait called S Barbara 

land § 10 s 

Item out of Alex"" Fidleirs land without Putties port || 16 s 

Item out of Jhon Miln house laxfisher presentlie occupied be 

his wyf, lying at the Trinitie port H 3 s 

Item of the house presentlie occupied be Marjey Rolland appar- 
taining somtyme to Marjorie Endiach ** 12 s 

Item forth of Alex"" Vidouson house in the schiprow occupied be 

himself tf 6s 8d 

Item forth of the house lying in the grein nixt to Andro Vilyeam- 

sonis house appartaining to Andro Darg t| g s 

Item forth of Andro Adyes landis of the grein in name of the 

several anuellis §§ 22 s 8 d 

Item forth of the house occupied be Jhon LesHe and M Thomas 
Leslie in the neather kirkgait appartaining sumtymes to 
the laird of Balquhyne || {| 6 s 8 d 



* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 14, against Edward Donaldson, November i, 1593. 

flbid., p. 10, against Thomas Kay, October 30, 1593. 

t Ibid., p. I, against Alex. Home, June 26, 1593. 

§ Ibid., p. 9, against Robert Gray, October 30, 1593. 

II Ibid., p. 15, against Alex. Mylne or Fidler, November 6, 1593. 
11 Ibid., p. 12, against John Myll, November i, 1593. 

** Ibid., p. 6, against Mariorie Endeauth and Olipher Udny, September 18, 1593. 
ff Ibid., p. 16, against Alex. Widdowson, November 15, 1593. 

Xt Ibid., p. 16, against Andrew Darg, Jan. 14, 159^ ; and p. 49, against Robert Darg, 
July 12, 1622. 

§§ Ibid., p. 18, against Andrew Adie, Jan. 21, 159^. 

II II Ibid., p. 25, against James Leslie, elder, Feb. 18, isgj- 



96 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [iSpS. 

Item forth of Vmphrayes croft qlk M Thomas Leslie held of the 

old Colledge and hes laitlie alienat to Andro Skeyne lying 

at the Gallowget head * 6 s 8 d 

Item forth of an land lying on the south syid of S Nicolas kirk 

yard appartaining to Valter Vatson t lo s 

Item forth of three several landis of Andro Gothrais in the grein 

partlie in name of ane anuell partlie of a few dewtie X 27 s 

Item forth of an land lying on the south syid of the grein pre- 

sentlie occupied be Gabriel Staker and Elspet Tulidaff § 13 s 4d 
Item forth of ane house lying besyid the Castel hil occupied be 

George Straquhin and Margaret Duthie || 12 d 

Item from Robert Steuart and Ambrose Gordon forth of three 

tenement lying in the head of the Castelgait IF 16 d 

Item forth of the Lochfield croft appartaining to the airis of 

James Rolland presentlie occupied be James Seton ** 20 s 

Item forth of ane house lying without the Justice port nixt to 

Vilyeam Ronaldsonis presentlie occupied be James Stra- 

quhyne and his Wyif the relict of vmqll Vilyeam 

Gardin +f 6s 8d 

Item forth of Andro Vilyeasonis land the vobster in the north 

syid of the grein presentlie occupied be himself ft 6 s 

Item forth of the justice milnes now in the toune of Aberdenes 

handis §§ 26 s 8 d 

Item forth of Henrie Petries close haldin in few of the freres || || 20 s 

* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 19, against James Leslie, elder, Jan. 21, 159^. 
t Ibid., p. 24, against Walter Watson, Feb. 18, 159^. 

* Ibid., p. 20, against Andrew Guthrie, Jan. 28, 159^. 

§ Ibid., p. 25, against Elspet Tulidaff and Gabriel Staker, Feb. 25, 159* * 

II Ibid., p. 20, against George Strachan and Margaret Duthie, Jan. 21, 159*. 
IT Ibid., p. 21, against Robert Stewart and Ambrose Gordon, Jan. 28, 159*. 
•* Ibid., p. II, against Elizabeth Leslie, Oct. 30, 1593 ; p. 26, against James Seton, 
March 20 [11 ?], 159*. 

tt Ibid., p. 27, against Mariorie Chapman, March 3, 159*. 

tX Ibid., p. 28, against Andrew Williamson, March ii, 159^ ; and p. 48, against Gilbert 
Williamson, July 2, 1622. 

§§ Ibid., p. 23, against Robert Perie and John Kay, Feb. 4, 159*. 

nil Ibid., p. 13, Edward White and Henry Petrie, Nov. i, 1593. 



1598.] PRINCIPAL HOWIE'S RENTAL. 97 

Item forth of the house qlk Petfoddellis is biggand betuix his 

gryit house and Andro TuHdaffis tenement * 20 s 

I beleif he hes a redemption of his anvel forth of the freres 
handis alwayis he hes maid ane payment of it 
Item forth of the gryit anguel house thecked with hedder lying 
owerforanent Robert Andersonis house as we go to the 
thorne appartaining to George Gray somtymes to the 
airis of James Fenton 10 s 

The decreit is not insert in this book but it is in the 
book of our processe, it hes an error in it for it 
beris 13 s whilas the just anvel is but ten s 
Item forth of ane house lying on the south syid of the Grein 
holdin in few of the Whyit freris presentlie occupied be 
Vilyeam Kay and Margarat Barrie lyand ower anent the 
duelling of Andro Adyef vii s 

Item forth of an litil butt of land lying on the north syid futtie 
marchand with the landis of vmqll Duncan Donaldson 
giwing in sett to M Robert Chalmer for certain 3eiris 6 s 8 d 
I know not weill the headis of the assedation 
Item M Robert Chalmer for Pynour nuikj 5 lib 

Item Gilbert Anderson for the manse of the Black freris 40 s 

■Item from Gilbert Blak for his croft 90 s- 

Item Laurence Mercer for his loft 12 mark 

.Item Mathew Guild 8 mark. 

Item forth of Thomas Chein the marineris house lying on the 
head of the Castelgait, appartaining somtymes to the 
Rattrayis now occupied be himself 24 s 

The decreit vpon this anvel is in the book of our processe 
Item forth of ane land on the grein inhabited now be on 
Marschall lying nixt vnto the trinitie burn called Madie 
Vause land sett out in few laitlie be Robert Men3es § 6 s 8 d 



* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 29, against Gilbert Menzies of Pitfoddels, Sept. 2, 1595. 
t Ibid., p. 5, against Margaret Barry and William Kay, Aug. 21, 1593. 
t Ibid., p. 22, against Mr. Robert Chalmer, Feb. 4, isqI 

§ Ibid., p. 29, against Robert Menzies and William Hoggis, Sept. 2, 1595. 

N 



98 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [iSQ^. 

I think we haif som tytil to the heritable richt of this 

land be the disposition of Thomas Men3es to the 

Whyit freres 

Item forth of Alex' Ramsayes house presentlie occupied be 

him on the West syid of the schipraw in name and 

behalf of a few dewtie 40 s 

Item from Jhon Leslie of Kintor for certain landis qlk he 

holdis of our Colledge lying besyid Kintor 40 s 

Item from three several men in Kintor for there anvel forth 

of there houses 20 s 

Ewerie on yearlie an half mark Jhon Leslie wil instruct 
yow of there names 
Item forth of Gilbert Pinnies land now pertaining to M 

Andro Clerk lying on the west syid of the schipraw ids. 

His own chartour makis record of it 



Suma totalis is sevin score sevin lb. ten s. 10 d. or 221 mks. 4 s. 2d. 

Anvellis to be Persewed 

Qlk wilbe evicted without anie difficultie 
Item first out of the house and baikhouse of Thomas Kellie 

yunger * 20 s. 

To instruct it we hawe an evident produced somtyme 
against Gilbert Whyit his nighbour hot the old 
rental in parchment schewis it should light vpon 
this house for it is domus et clibanus Alex Jaffray 
in vico furcarum that is the bredgait in the qlk 
house old Alex"^ Jaffray duelt Gilbert Whyit decreit 
of absolution wil cleir it also that this house is 
astricted 
Item forth of the miln of litil arnage appartaining to the Erl 

of Errol 20 markis 

To instruct we have a decreit before the Commissare 
against the tenents ; lett the decreit be transferred 
vpon the present tenents 

* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 38, against Gilbert Whyte and Thomas Kellie, Feb. 
5, 1600. 



IS9^-] PRINCIPAL HOWIE'S RENTAL. 99 

Item forth of the landis of Ranistoun pertaining to Alex*" 
Tulidaff a brother son of Thomas Tulidaff minister at 
Foveran 40 s 

Payed of old to the Blak freres I beleif tho' production 
of his owne charter will cleir this ; also they war 
in vse of payment to David Mar 
Item forth of the maines of Dunnoter 10 lib 

Payed of old to the Blak freres for the qlk the house of 
Marschal had ther burial plaice in the Blak freres 
M Thomas Molyson hes in the old tounis bookis a 
coppie of the donation of this anvel to the Blak freres 
Item given be King David Bruce and ratified vnder his gryt 

seal out of the customes of Aberdein 16 markis 

Consule M Thomas Men3es who hes acquittances vpon 
this 
Item forth of the landis of Galcorse apartaining to R Abir- 

crombye of Birkinboig 7 markis 

There is a decreit in the Commissaris bookis evicted be 

M Vilyeam Anderson anno 1591 in favouris of Jhon 

Duncan tail3eour who was maid assignay to this 

anvel aganst the laird Item vse of payment and 

also the laird of Findlatour as having the third 

pairt of these landis for his entrie gawe me anno 

1597 in Junie 5 lib in pairt of payment The 

and the other tutor Jhon Aber- 

crombie hes payed nothing 

Item persew James Men3es and to remoue him from three litil 

croftis qlk Janet Ailhouse occupiet and ar now laboured 

be Jhon Sibbald lying at the Craibstane David Mar 

sold them as his owne they being the blak freris M 

Robert Chalmer wil sufficientlie instruct yow in that 

point for David Mar in his assedationis settis them to 

Jhon Fraser and Janet Ailhous hot as takisman and 

not heritour The copies of the assedationis ar in M 

Robert Chalmeris Handis Besyid that my Lord 

Marschal is seasit in them as yow wil see in his 

seasing 



r 



£00 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [iSpS. 

Item to persew M George Bisset and to remoue him from 
the doucat croft qlk his forbearis gawe out of old 
to the Blak freris and whairof his father gat a sett 
from David Mar as the copie of the assedation wil 
schew 

Item to persew and remoue Alex*^ Jaffray from our croft 
called pringel croft by and on the west territorie of 
Aberdein qlk payes to him seven bollis bear and an 
half He has possessed it most wronguslie this fywe 
yeare be an assedation dated since the erection 
of our Colledge qlk was bot laitlie marked be me 
whairat I was mekle offendat pairtlie at his guyl 
and at my sleuth who had not tryed his right 
sooner He payed be his wrong assedation only 
4 lib Their passed in his owne house a sub- 
mission betuix him and me in the handis of M 
Jhon Forbes for a fyf years tak bot because M 
Jhon had not sett dovne his entrie and also was 
ower favourable to him in the dewtie ego resilui 
M John maid that he sould pay 20 lib in gerson for 
his fyfe year to be payed to me before the feast 
of Martimes in anno 1598 As to his wrong as- 
sedation I haif it 

Item to persew Gilbert Anderson from the Black freris manse 
and yardis, who at the erection of our Colledge had 
no set as my Lord testified then in the presence of 
M Peter Blackburn M Thomas Cargil M Robert 
Howye, also my Lords missive to the minister will 
schow the same Now he produces ane sett for his 
owne lyftyme and nyntin yeare to his son qlk is be 
an antidait out of all dout and obtained be his 
son who he enterprysed to cast my Lords cannoun 
Gilbert Anderson payes to M Vilyeam Skeyn onlie 
xl s 

Item to persew Gilbert Blak who also occupies our croft 
lying in futtie be an antidait as I am informed and as 
I hoip wil try 



l6o6.] PRINCIPAL GRAY'S RENTAL. lOI 

Item to remember that the croft called fill the cop ar the two 
croftis qlk Thomas Nicolson gat in sett for the space 
of 17 yeares and ar now in Alex"" Chalmers handis for 
4 lib dewtie Wil fall in the Colledge handis after the 
expyring of seven yearis 
M Robert Chalmer croft called pynour nuik lying at the bow 
brig is occupied be him be an assedation sett be the 
freris for his lyftyme and a nyntyne year tak for pay- 
ment of 5 lib 
Item out of freres glen or the landis of litil Glensache occupied 

and appartaining to M James Keyth of Powbourn 3 lib 

He was alwayes readie him self to pay bot he sturred 
with tyrannis alledging he might haive gottin if he 
lyked a discharge of the whole anvel from my Lord 
Marschal 
Item the 12 lib of pension out of the landis of Arduin pre- 
sentlie payed to M Thomas Leslies son wil efter seven 
yearis fal in the Colledge handis 
Item to persew for the 24 lib payed of the tow of the towne 
of Aberdein to the Black freris 

From a paper in the volume of "College Rentals, 1593-1764". The 
Title is from an incomplete copy of the same in the " Buik of 
Register ". 

XL 

Principal Gilbert Gray's Rental of tJie College. 1606. 

Ane Perfyte Rentall of the haill Geir of the Black and Whyte 
friers croftes within this Brughe dotted be My Lord 
Marischall To the Colledge thereof, sett doune be Mr 
Gilbert Gray second principall therof anno 1601 [-1606] 
Item for the friers lands of Bervie and Cowie mortified to ws 
be My Lord, wee gett nothing therof For neither have 
wee rentall therof nor evidents to persew be 
Item for the eight ruides in Kintoir John Leslies sone is pre- 
sentlie warnit therefray And after decreit there will be 
yeirlie to the Colledge as wee are informit iij bolls 

As for the Crofts within this Brughe 



I02 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1606. 

Item the Incroft occupied be James Men5eis payes at the 

hiest 18 bolls 

Item the Forecroft occupied be Alex"" Chalmers wyfe payes 18 bolls 
Item the Craigwell croft now in the Colledge hands gives 14 bolls 
Item the Cuningar hills occupied be Robert forbes gives pre- 

sentlie but 12 bolls 

althoughe it gave sometymes 16 bolls 
Item Fill the Coipe and Barbours rigge occupied be Alex*^ 

Chalmers wyfe is 10 bolls 

Item the riggs occupied be Alex"" mollesone 6 bolls 

Item Jannet Elehous buttes occupied be James men3eis 5 bolls 

Item the Dowcatt rigg occupied be Mr George Bissett 5 bolls 

Item tuo riggs in futtie occupied be Gilbert Black iij bolls 

Item ane rigg occupied be Thomas Johnstoune and now be 

Mr William Andersone 
Item the Pringles croft occupied be Alex'' Jaffray 
Item 8 ruides occupied be Mr Thomas Men3eis 
Item the Langlands in John Men3eis hands 
Item the Waill croft occupied be William Lorimer 
Item Pynours niuk be Mr Robert Chalmer 

Summa of the haill bear all the crofts within this 
Brughe may be is eight scoire and sevin bolls 
or ten chalders adde sevin bolls inde 

Summa totalis 

Item of thes eight scoire sevin bolls there is fewit be the 

fewars [friars ?] qrof the Colledge can never mend 

themselves but be reductione As Mr William Leslie 

first and my Lord himself nixt essayed before the 

-^ Lords of Session as followes 

lib s d 

Item to John Men3eis the Langlands, 34 bolls For the 

qlk wee only gett g g 10 

Item to Mr Thomas Men3eis the 8 ruides giving 14 bolls 

qrfor wee gett onlie 540 

Item to William Lorimer the Waill croft payes 8 bolls qrfor 

wee get onlie 320 



2 


bolls 


8 bolls 


14 


bolls 


34 


bolls 


8 bolls 


10 


bolls 


167 


bolls 


170 


bolls 



l6o6.] PRINCIPAL GRAY'S RENTAL. IO3 

Item be my lord himself tuo rigges in Futtie gevin in lyfrent to 
Gilbert Black the couper payes 3 bolls, for the qlk the 
Colledge receaves onlie 200 

Item Mr Robert Chalmer hes his lyfrent and 19 yeirs tack 
therafter of the Pynour niuk sett to him be the friers and 
allowit be my lord as he sayes befor our fundatione This 
croft payes him ten bolls For the qlk wee gett onlie 500 
These fyve makes three scoire nyne bolls bear qlk the 
Colledge inlaikes of the forsd rentall of eight scoire 
sevin bolls bear forsd And that be reasone of fewes 
and lyfrent tacks For the qlk wee only have of 
silver 24 15 10 

This only wee have for four chalders and fyve bolls of our 

rentall qlk being deducit of of the full rentall forsd 

to witt ten chalders and sevin bolls rests only to 

the Colledge to be gottin in sex chalders bear 

and 2 bolls or four scoire and eighteen bolls or 

in all fyve scoire bolls For the 

haill is 167 bolls, fewit heirof is 6g bolls or four 

' chalders fyve bolls So to make wp againe the forsd . >. ■ 

167 bolls will rest 98 bolls or sex chalders tuo 

bolls to be gotten in at all in any tyme heirafter 

Wpon the qlks haill remanent croftes and possessors 

thereof I obtainit decreits before the lords of 

Sessione* after they hade defendit against the 

Colledge ane yeir and ane halfe and therafter 

causit them take ane 3 yeirs assedatione of the 

Colledge subt with their hands in this present 

book and so putt them in this rentall following 

Item the Forecroft occupied be Alex"" Chalmers wyfe payit to Mr 

Robert Howie first principall 6 bolls I sett it to hir for 9 

bolls Alwayes it payes to hir eightein as is befor said t 9 bolls 

* Session decreets, July 31, 1600 ; March 4, 1601 ; July 20, 1602. Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., 
Mass. ii., No. 42. 

t " Buik of Register." Assedations, p. i. To Alexander Chalmers of Cults and Jean 
Lumsden. Aug. 28, 1601, - 



I04 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1606. 

Item the Incroft occupied be James Men3eis payit to Mr 
Robert 6 bolls I have putt it till nyne Alwayes it 
payes him yet eightein bolls * g bolls 

Item Alex"" Molysones tuo rigges payit Mr Robert tuo bolls 

I have sett it for three but it payes sex t 3 bolls 

Item Mr Robert sett the Cuningarrhills for 19 yeirs tack to 
Robert forbes for eight bolls But I reducit his tack 
•befor the Lords and causit him accept ane asseda°ne 
of me for three yeirs only as the rest did for g bolls 
It payes him tuelve at the leist X 9 bolls 

Item the Dowcatt rigg occupied be Mr George Bissett The 
Colledge befor my entrie had nothing for it neither any 
right or decreit vpon it till I obtanit it befor the Lords 
after it hade dependit fyve sessiones I sett him ane 3 
yeirs tack thereof for tuo bolls and ane halfe yeirlie 
Alwayes it payes § 2^ bolls 

Item tuo rigges at the Craibstone Wee hade no right nor 
decreit vpon them till I obtanit it agst James Men3eis 
befor the Lords then sett them to him for tuo bolls 
and ane halfe Alwayes it payes fyve bolls || 2j bolls 

Item Pringles croft occupied be Alex"" J affray The Colledge 
hade nothing throf till I obtanit it at his hands after 
his promise made being in perill in the sea Notwith- 
standing he hade ane tack subscryvit be my lord for 
many yeirs to rune for 4 lib I have sett it in the 
Colledge name to the outtermost availl to witt for eight 
bolls II 8 bolls 



* Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., Mass. ii., No. 42. To James Menzies, burgess. Sept. 
4, 1601. 

+ " Buik of Register," Assed., p. 9. To Alexander Mollison, burgess. Sept. 14, 1601. 
t Ibid., p. 5. To Robert Forbes, elder, burgess, and Jean Gray. Aug. 31, 1601. 

§ Ibid., p. II. To Mr. George Bissat of Petmukstone. Nov. 10, 1601. 

II Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., Mass ii., No. 42. To James Menzies, burgess. Sept. 4, 1601. 

H "Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 43. Against Alexander Jaffray and Walter 
Duncan. Aug. 5, 1600. 



l6o6.] PRINCIPAL gray's RENTAL. IO5 

His renuncia°ne of his croft in the Colledge favours is 
insert in this Booke * 
Item Gairtlies rigg I first obtanit decreit thrvpon Therafter 
sett it to Mr WilHam Andersone in whose hands it wes 
devolvit be Thomas Johnstoune his good brother be 
privat alienatione I causit Mr William renunce all vther 
right of it and take ane asseda°ne subt with his hand 
in this book for halfe a boll bear Alwayes it payes 
him tuo bolls t 2 firls 
Item as for Gilbert Stills croft callit Craigwell it came in 
Colledge owne possessione in Mr Roberts tyme and is 
at the full duetie to witt fourtein bolls % 14 bolls 
Item in Mr Roberts rentall the whyte friers yeard occupied 
be James Nicolsone is sett for foure bolls bear rind 
mett qrvpon I have made the s'* James ane new 
sett for 27 merks yeirlie Alwayes I reckone it yett as 
foure bolls bear 4 bolls 
As for the Brew croft of the milne of Durno dottit be 
James Leslie to our Colledge reckonit in Mr Roberts 
rentall for 4 bolls bear Wee get presentlie nothing 
thrfor . For it is laid waist be discord betuixt the 
laird of Wardes and James 
Sua for the haill Colledge croftes, the whyte friers yeard being 
reckonit thrwith for 4 bolls, thrfor the Colledge hade in 
Mr Roberts tyme in all onlie the number of 40 bolls 
bear But there is eikit heirto be me the number of 
tuentie one bolls bear and ane halfe Sua that the Col- 
ledge present rentall now in bear is threescoire one 

bolls and a halfe 61 bolls 2 firlots 

Item my lord Marischall sett Thomas Nicolsone fill the coipe 
and Barbors rigg for ig yeirs for 4 pund yeirlie To 
the qlk tack Alex"" Chalmers wyfe is made assigney be 
George Nicolsone Now his tack is expyrit and it will 

* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 45. Jan. 10, i6oi. 

t Ibid,, Assedations, p. 7. To Mr. William Anderson, burgess. Aug. 30, 1601, 
I Ibid., Decreets, p. 42. Against Gilbert Still. July 4, 1701, 

O 



I06 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1606. 

fall on the Colledge hand the nixt witsonday to witt 

1607 : thes croft then will pay 10 bolls yeirlie is 10 bolls 

71 bolls 2 fir* 

Sua the haill bear Rentall that the Colledge can be advancit 
till if all the crofts be sett to the outermost by our present rentall 
qlk is 61 bolls will draw to 35 bolls bear onlie For thes tuo being 
eikit makes up againe the haill number of fourscoire and sexteen 
bolls bear as wes aforsaid above the qlk the Colledge can nothing 
be eikit till the deaths of Mr Robert Chalmer and Gilbert Black 
and 19 yeirs therafter except onlie in three bolls for the ruides of 
Kintoire 

Now these 35 bolls qrby ,the Colledge may be onlie advancit may 
be gottin in at the nixt Sett For at this present witsonday 1606 
wee have obtanit decreits of removing befor the Provest and Baillies 
of Aberdein against all the possessors of the haill Colledge croftes 
Sua if they be putt at and the lands sett to the outermost the 
forsd rentall may be fullfillit 

These haill croftes within this Brughe reckonit at the hiest as 
they now pay if they were all in our possessione would be only 167 
bolls yeirly, but thereof first is to be deducit of fewes and lyfrents 
69 bolls as sd is, Sua will rest of all to be gottin in at an}' tyme 
heirafter to the Colledge only the number of 98 bolls of the qlks 
presently wee have but 57 bolls qrof Mr Robert Howie in his tyme 
wan in 36 throf, And I in my tyme hithertill is 21 therof as the 
rentall forsd bears, sua tht of the haill 98 bolls forsd will rest yet 
to be gotten in only 41 bolls bear qlks now is in the hands as 
followes, viz (betuixt the In and Fore crofts 18 bolls, betuixt the 
buttes of James Men3eis and Mr George Bisset 5 bolls vpon 
Alex'' Mollesones riggs 3 bolls vpon Mr William Andersones 2 bolls 
vpon Robert Forbes croft 3 bolls vpon Fill the coipe and Barbors 
rigs 10 bolls) if the forsds crofts stand at the present rentall Qlk 
41 bolls being gotten in as said is then the haill rentall of the 98 
bolls might be fullfillit to the Colledge qlks will be the hiest that 
ever it can be advancit till qll Mr Robert Chalmers and Gilbert 
Black lyfrents and 19 yeirs tacks run out except onlie if for the 



l6o6.] PRINCIPAL gray's RENTAL. I07 

ruides of Kintoir wee perchance gett 3 bolls and reckoning Nicol- 
sones yeard for 4 bolls qlk now gives onlie 27 merks, qlks tuo eikit 
to the former 98 bolls if wee were in full possessione of all as they 
now pay would make in all ane hundreth and foure bolls, the qlk 
althoughe it were made present payment of to the Colledge yet would 
not satisfie ilk master conforme to the fundatione his stipend, For 
therby wee should have amongst ws sex scoire bolls bear yeirlie, 
to witt the principall 48 ilk ane of the 3 regents 24 bolls, So wee 
would want of our full stipend yet 16 bolls althoughe the rental! 
forsd were haillie fullfillit as it is here designit, Of the qlks wee 
want presentlie as said is 41 bolls by the ruides of Kintoir and 
vther thinges and also the forsd sextein bolls 
finis 1° augusti 1606 

The Silver Rentall 
in Mr Robert Howies tyme will draw to the soume of Two 
hundreth merks the rest is found null and not payments 
Now Eiked heirto be me as followes 
Item for the lands of Pockburne yeirlie 300 

Andrew Keith hes taken ane acquittance from me heir- 
vpon extant in this book 
Item the goodman of Harthill for the lands of Ardvne holden 

of the whyte friers yeirlie 12 o o 

He took ane charter of confirmatione from me thervpon 
and ane acquittance for Mertimes sex hundreth and 
fyve and Witsonday sex hundreth and sex yeirs 
And payit therfore the said duetie to Mr William 
Forbes regent 
Item Androw Williamsone for Craibs house and yeard in the 

grein 4 punds 

He took ane few charter thrvpon fra me 
Item out of James Robertsones hous tuo merks 

Qrvpon there is ane seasine taine be me to the Colledge 
As likewayes vpon 20 s out of Hendrie Patries hous to the 

Colledge 20 s 

Item vpon John Riddells hous * a merk 

* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 40. Against Patrick Leslie, younger, and John 
Riddell. Feb. 15, 1600. 



108 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1606. 

Item vpon Gilbert Gordones hous * tuentie s 

Item vpon Hellen Allanes hous f ten s 

Item vpon Alex*^ Kempts croft X 6 s 8 d 

Wpon all thes there is decreit obtanit be me extant in 
this book 
Item Warthill Leslie 40 s 

Item eikit vpon the yeard maills by Mr Roberts Rentall 

yeirlie ten merks 

Item vpon Gilbert Blacks duetie halfe ane merk 

Item the laird of Rannystoune for his lands 40 s 

Vpon whom I obtanit decreit befor the Comissary this 
witsonday ane thousand sex hundreth and sex yeirs 
As likewayes I obtanit decreit this same against my lord forbes 

for 10 libs out of the lands of Fiddes 10 libs 

And the laird of Pitcaple for fyve merks 

Out of his lands perpetuallie for all tyme coming Sua 
corroborating in thes tuo Mr Roberts rentall and of 
my owne procurement hes eikit to his rentall The 
soume of Thirtie three pund sextein shilling Or fiftie 
merks nyne shilling 4 d 

48 libs 3 s 4 d 



Farder there may be eikit in silver dueties verie meikle if wee 
hade the black friers wreats and evidents be the laik qrof the 
Colledge wants presentlie their haill anvells We hear onlie that thes 
wreats should be in my lord Atholls keeping hade to Dunkell by 
ane frier Abercrombie § 

From the " Buik of Register ". 



* " Buik of Register," Decreets, p. 37. Against Gilbert and David Gordon, burgesses. 
Oct. 4, 1599. 

f Ibid., p. 35. Against Hellen Allan. Sept. 7, 1599. 
t Ibid., p. 34. Against Alex, and John Kempt, &c. Sept. 7, 1599. 
§ '* Mr. Gilbert Gray . . . acted verie much for the advantage of the College, did find 
out the evidents stollen away to Atholl be a frier, and did evict be law manie of the rents of 



l6o6.] PATRICK jack's FEUDUTIES. IO9 



XII. 

Patrick Jack^ dyer, grants to the principal and regents two feuduties of 20s. 
and 26s. Sd. to augment the College Rental. 2^th January, 1606. 

Omnibus hanc Cartam visuris vel audituris Patricius Jak tinctor 
burgensis de Aberdene filius legittimus senior quondam Andree Jak 
burgensis dicti burgi Eternam in domino Salutem Noueritis me 
vtilitate et commodo in hac parte vndique prouisis matura delibera- 
tione prehabita ex certis causis rationi consonis animum meum ad 
hoc monentibus et presertim zelo et amore bonarum literarum motum 
Dedisse . . . venerabili viro Magistro Gilberto Gray Primario 
Collegij noue Abredonie infra burgum de Aberdene per nobilem et 
potentem dominum Georgium comitem Mariscalli dominum Keyth 
et Altrie fundati Regentibus et magistris dicti collegij eorumque 
successoribus dicti collegij primarijs regentibus et magistris duas 
feudifirmas meas subscriptas cum dicto collegio primarijs regentibus 
et magistris eiusdem inperpetuum remanendas in augmentationem 
annul census eiusdem collegij Viz illam feudifirmam meam annuam 
viginti solidorum vsualis monete regni Scotie annuatim leuandam et 
percipiendam ad duos anni terminos vsuales penthecostes viz et 
sancti martini in hyeme per equales duas medias portiones De 
tota et Integra ilia portione horti olim fratribus minorum dicti burgi 
in patrimonio incumbentis et nunc ad Henricum Patrie burgensem 
dicti burgi hereditarie spectantis Que horti portio per me meum 
patrem necnon Gilbertum Jak filium secundum genitum dicti quon- 
dam Andree meum fratrem germanum quondam Thome Duwye 
burgensi dicti burgi in feudifirma hereditaria locabatur pro annua 

the College, and did encrease them verie much and wes verie famous in his tyme." Note, 
circa 1661, in the " Buik of Register ". 

In the Burgh Ch. Ch. (" Chaplain's Feuduties," No. 51) is an " Inventar of the Wreittis 
and ewidentis belonging to the Black frieris of Abirdeine serchit and fund out be the Industrie 
and trawellis of Sr Thomas Mengzes of Cultis Knycht Prouest of Abirdeine and Walter 
Robertsoun clerk depute of the said burghe Quhilkis wreittis wer tackin away and carryit 
southe be frier Abircromby the tyme of the Reformatioun of religioun within this kingdome 
quhilk wes in the yeir of God 1559 yeiris and no knawlege could be gottin of the saidis 
wreittis till tyme to wit July 1G17 ". Principal Patrick Dun certifies that he received all the 
writs " furth of the toun of Aberdenes chartour Kist" on December 23, 1625. 



no MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1606. 

solutione dicte feudifirme et dicta horti portio jacet infra dictum 
burgum in orientali latere vie late vici furcarum contigue ad terram 
dicto quondam Thome Duwye spectantem et nunc memorato Hen- 
rico Patrie incumbentem inter terram Thome Fergussone ex boreali 
parte commune passagium quo ingreditur per portam anteriorem 
borealem ad dictum locum fratrum minorum ex australi parte parie- 
tem lapidum versus oriens et nouam terram dicti Henrici versus 
occidens et dicti horti portio extenditur in longitudine ex boreali 
latere ad spatium viginti vnius vlnarum et ex australi latere viginti 
trium vlnarum Necnon aliam meam feudifirmam annuam viginti 
sex solidorum et octo denariorum monete ante dicte leuandam et 
percipiendam annuatim ad terminos supradictos per equales duas 
portiones vt predicitur de toto et integro illo terre tenemento de 
presenti occupato per Jacobum Robertsone aurifabrum burgensem 
dicti burgi et ad eundem hereditarie spectanti jacenti infra dictum 
burgum in dicto vico vie late furcarum ex orientali latere eiusdem 
vici inter terram heredum quondam Joannis Barbour ex boreali 
parte terram Gilberti Johnestoune ex australi parte templum dic- 
torum fratrum minorum versus oriens et communem viam regiam 
versus occidens Tenendas et habendas predictas duas annuas 
feudifirmas memorato Magistro Gilberto Gray primario dicti collegij 
regentibus et magistris eiusdem eorumque successoribus dicti collegij 
primarijs regentibus et magistris a me heredibus meis et assignatis 
de supremo domino nostro rege in feodo et hereditate ac in liberum 
burgagium imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatim primarius 
regentes et magistri dicti collegij eorumque successores servitium 
burgagium quantum pertinet ad dictas feudifirmas memorato domino 
nostro regi et suis successoribus tantum ... In cuius rei testi- 
monium huic presenti carte mee per Thomam Smythe seruitorem 
magistri Thome Mollisoune scribe communis dicti burgi de Aberdene 
scripte meaque manu subscripte sigillum meum proprium vnacum 
sigillo honorabilis viri magistri Richardi Irwyng vnius balliuorum 
dicti burgi ac datoris sasine huiusmodi sunt appensa Apud Aber- 
dene vigesimo quinto die mensis Januarij anno domini millesimo 
sexcentesimo sexto coram his testibus Roberto Irwyng filio dicti 
Richardi Irwyng balliui Roberto Patrie filio dicti Henrici Patrie 
Georgio Clark notario publico Thoma Mollisoune vno sergeandorum 



l6o6.] PATRICK JACK'S FEUDUTIES. Ill 

dicti burgi dicto magistro Thoma MolHsoune et prefato Thoma Smyth 
scriba presentium Prouiso quod ego dictus Patricius heredes uel 
assignati mei non obstante varantizatione suprascripta nullo mode 
astricti erimus uel obligati nisi varantizare dictas duas feudifirmas 
prefato primario regentibus et magistris dicti collegij et eorum suc- 
cessoribus a facto nostro proprio duntaxat coram testibus supraspeci- 
ficatis die anno et mense supradictis 

[Sic subscr.] Patrik Jak with my hand 

Robert Irving vitnes 
Mr Richard Irvyng ball witnes 
George Clark witnes 

From the original Charter in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room, Mass ix., 
No. 14.* 



* Sasine on this Charter was taken by Principal Gilbert Gray, and recorded (Burgh 
Register, xxx., f. 2176.) 25th January, 1606. There are also preserved in the Mar. Coll. 
Charter Room (Mass ix., No. 10) Instrument of Sasine to Andrew Jack on feuduty of two 
marks granted him by Patrick Robertson, 15th January, 158^ ; and (Mass vi., No. 96) 
holograph Assignation by Patrick Jack to the College of certain arrears of feuduties on the 
tenement of James Robertson, in the following terms: 

" Be it kend till all men be thir presents Me Patrick Jack litster burges of Aberdene to 
have maid and constitute and be thir presents titulo oneroso makis and constituts the 
principal] and mrs of the college of new Aberdene my very lawfull vndoubted and irrevocable 
cessionaris assignayis and donatoris veluti in rem suam cum dispositione libera in and 
to the sovme of tua merkis yeirly restand and awand thir yeiris bygane 

befoir the feist of vitsonday in this present yeir ane thousand sax hundreth and sax 
yeiris by James Robertsone goldsmith for the few dewtie of his cloiss inner hous and yaird, 
turnand and transferrand fra me in the persone of the saids mrs of the college all richt and 
tytill of richt clame or intrest in any vayes competent to me of the saids few maills restand 
to me the yeirs above specifaid wt power to thm or thr procuratoris to call follow and 
persew thrfoir compone transact and agrie thranent as they shall think expedient, and finally to 
do and exercise al vther thingis as freely as I micht haue done my selfe befoir the making 
heirof be thir presents subt wt my hand at Aberdene the xxviij of July 1606 befoir thir 
vitnessis William Gordon my seruitor and Androw Jak my sone 

[Signed] " Patrik Jak with my hand 

" William Gordoune vitnes 
" Androw Jak witness " 



1X2 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1609. 

XI la. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 
Patrick Jack, dyer, eldest lawful son of late Andrew Jack, burgess, grants 
to Master Gilbert Gray, Principal, and the Regents and Masters of the College 
of New Aberdeen for augmentation of the College rental, a feuduty of 20s. 
Scots from part of the garden formerly belonging to the Minor Friars, and 
now to Henry Patrie, burgess (such portion having been leased by said Patrick, 
his father, and Gilbert, his brother, to late Thomas Duwye, burgess, for said 
feuduty), lying on E. of Broadgate next to land formeriy Thomas Duwye's 
now Henry Patrie's, between Thomas Fergusson's land on N. and entrance 
to Minor Friars' Place on S., stone wall on E., and said Henry's land on W, ; 
and twenty ells broad at the N., twenty-three ells at the S. : and another feu- 
duty of 26J. Zd. Scots from a tenement of James Robertson's, goldsmith, 
burgess, lying on E. of Broad Gate between late John Barbour's heirs' land 
on N., Gilbert Johnstone's on S., Minor Friars' Church on E., and highway 
on W. To be held by the said Gilbert, &c., from the said Patrick, of the 
King, in fee and heritage and free burgage. Paying therefor burgage service 
only. Sealed at Aberdeen, 25th January, 1606. Witnesses : Robert Irving, 
son of Richard Irving, baillie ; Robert Patrie, son of Henry Patrie ; George 
Clark, notary; Thomas MoUison, town serjeant; Master Thomas MoUison, 
town clerk ; Thomas Smyth, his servant. 

XIII. 

The Town Council grant ;^ioo towards a Library for Earl MarischaFs 
books. 2>'^th August, 1609. 

The said day J?e Prowest Baillies and Counsell grantit and con- 
sentit to gif ]?e sowme of Ane hundreth Pundis mo^ out of jje townis 
commoun guid for repairing ane hous wMn ]?e college of J^is burghe 
To be ane commoun Librarie to the said college for keiping and 
preserwing of J?e Librarie of buikis promest to be gevin thairvnto 
be ane nobill and potent lord george erle merschell Lord Key' and 
altrie etc. fundator of ]?e said college w' conditioun that J?e said 
erle gif his Librarie of buikis to J^e said college and na vjjerwais 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. xliv., p. 50.* 

* The Earl's promise appears not to have been fulfilled. On 20th April, 1614, the 
Council sanction the application of the ;^ioo to "repairing of ane hous within the said 
college to be ane Librairie for ressaueing and inputting thairin of the bookes left to the said 
College be Doctor Liddell" {T. C. R., xlvi. 649). 



I6U.] JOHN JOHNSTON'S BURSARY. IIJ 



XIV. 

John Johnston, by his latter 7vill and testament, bequeaths the sum of one thou- 
sand nierks for the maintenance of a student of divinity. 29M July^ 
161 1.* 

In the first I leave as ane tocken of my small thankfullness to 
my guid and gratious god quho gratiouslie hes visited me w' mercie 
fra tyme to tyme (to quhais blessed name I rander euirlasting thanks 
and praise throw his deir sone Jesus Chryist my onlie Savior) 
Thairfoir I leave for his Maiesties honour and seruice ane thousand 



* " Mr. John Johnston, of the Aberdeenshire family of Caskieben,* was educated at 
King's College, Aberdeen, and afterwards studied at more than one of the foreign Univer- 
sities. In 1587 he was at Helmstadt, and in 1591 he resided at Geneva. In 1592 he became 
one of the colleagues of Mr. Andrew Melville in St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, where he 
held the 'station of second Master, or professor of the New Testament. He died at St, 
Andrews of a lingering and incurable disorder on the 20th of October, 161 1. He is the 
author of a number of works of considerable rarity, as Inscriptiones Historicce Regutn 
Scotorum, Amst., 1602; Heroes ex Omni Historia Scotica lectissimi, Lugd. Bat, 1603; 
Consolatio Christiana, 1609. + He was highly respected and admired by the most eminent 
of his contemporaries, not only for his literary accomplishments and theological attainments, 
but for his singularly honourable, consistent, and amiable character." — Miscellany of the 
Maitland Club, i., p. 333. 

" Tertius memorandus venit M. Joannes Johnstonus S.S. Theologice Andreapoli 
Professor Pritnarius, de quo olim dictum. 

Prima post fundamina jacta, 
Hinc Johnstonus opem confert.1 
Hie Patrem habuit Robertum mercatorem Abredonensem, ex prisca ilia, ut videtur, Johnsto- 

* Its oldest cadet branch, that of Crimond. 

fAlso lamdi Sacri, Salmur., 161 1 ; Tetrasticha et Lemmata Sacra; Cantica Sacra ; Tcones 
Regum Judae et Israelis, Lugd. Bat., 1612, 

X These lines are quoted, with a slight alteration, from the Apotheosis contributed by David 
Wedderburn to the Oratio Fvnebris in Memoriam CI. Viri Dvncani Liddelii. Edinb., 1614. (See 
infra, p. 136.) The original runs : 

'^ Cimqne eadem[Abredonia'\ingeniis . . . 
.... prcBclarisfcEta, Lycmum 
Nobilis instituit celebre hie Keytheius heros 



Ergo gradus primi hi, prima hcec fundamina jacta. 
Hinc Jhonstonus opem confert, quo se hospite Olympus 
Nunc jactat, quondam Pindus." 
P 



114 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [161I. 

merkis to be mortifiet and imployit upoun ane annualrent for 
intertaneing ane puir scholer of best qualificatioun and hope to serve 
in the kirk of god for the space of four 3eiris successive and eftir 
another to be brocht wpe in theologie within the College of abd 
or Sanct androwis abyding in the sinceritie of doctrine and discipline 
or gif it salbe thocht meit out of the cuntrie in the moist sinceir 
vniversitie professing the doctrin of chryist gewing the power of 
laufull electioun eftir dew sufficient and vpricht tryell to the faithfull 
ministrie of the toun abyding in the sinceritie of doctrine and disci- 
pline to the principall of the said College and schoolemaister of the 
said toun be the aduyse and owersicht of the Laird of Caskiben the 
Laird of Cremound and their successors professing the treuth of 

NORUM stirpe oriundum, quae hie per plures retro annorum centurias floruit : Archiva etenim 
memorant Andream Prcetorem, et Robertum Senatorem, trecentis abhinc fere annis. Fuit 
hie omni virtutis genere instructissimus, et inter sui saeculi doctissimos, Theologus eximius, 
et consummatissimus Poeta. Nee Theologiam, assidue docendo, facunde praedicando, et 
Religiose vivendo, propagare satis habuit : Sed etiam, cum probe cognosceret, plurima esse 
ingenia, ignea, vivida et florida, qua; inedia extinguit, et duris in rebus egestas enecat, 
et opprimit, Theologice studioso alendo mille mercas consecravit, et Theologorum succes- 
sionem nunquam interituram instituit." 

Oratio in qua Inclyta Academice Marischallance Abredonensis, Nobilissimus Parens, 

Illustres McEcenates, et Exiniii Benefactores ad annum mdcxcvi com- 

memorantur. . . . Habita a Gulielmo Smith P.P. VII. Cat. Quintil., Anno 

Dom. MDCXCVI. P. 15. 

Cf. Genealogical Account of the Family of yohnston of that Ilk, by Alexander 

Johnston. Edinb., 1832. Also M'Crie's Life of Melville ; and Wodrow's Collections on Life 

ofyohn yohnston, to be printed for the New Spalding Club. 

John Johnston's arms were shown on one of the panels in the ceiling of the Public 
School in the old building of Marischal College,* as, Azure, a bend argent, in chief a hart's 
head erased of the last. On one of a series of " broads " recording the terms of sundry 
'* mortifications " to the burgh, and now hanging on the wall of a staircase in the Town- 
house.t they appear as, Argent, a saltire between four crosses patt^e sable ; on a chief gules 
three cushions or. The Caskieben arms are recorded : Quarterly : i and 4 Argent, a saltire 
sable, on a chief gules three cushions or ; 2 and 3 Azure, a bend or between three hart's heads 
erased argent attired of the second in chief, and as many cross crosslets fitchee of the 
second in base.J Nisbet § gives an impossible coat, which has been copied in A. John- 
ston's Genealogical Account, 

* See infra, p. 118. 

t The " broads " date ftxjm 1709 ( Town Council Register, Iviii. 159 ; Guildty Accounts, 1709-10). 

J Stodart's Scottish Arms, ii. 349. 

§ Syst, of Her. , 1722, 147. 



l6ll.] JOHN JOHNSTON'S BURSARY. II5 

sinceir religioun Provyding allwayis that gif their be any of my 
puir freynds or name meitt for the said rowme and benefite that 
they be respectit coeteris paribus and no wtherwayes expressly also 
provyding that my sister sone Mr Johne Sanderis gif he proffeit in 
learning and it pleas god to bestowe grace vpoun him for that holie 
calling that he be prowydeit thairto for the first four 3eiris in the 
meintyme during the lyff of my mother that the annualrent of the 
saids thousand merkes sail come to hir for hir mantenance and for 
helpe of hir bairnes and oyes during her lyftyme allanerlie and 
thaireftir the said mortificatioun to tack effect as said is And it is 
my expres will that ane lettir of mortificatioun heiranent be auten- 
ticklie and faithfullie maid in my name with aduyse of my executoris or 
ony tua of thame and at the sicht of the foirnamit persones nominat 
to the electioun and tryell Ane authentick copie thairof seillit and 
subscrywit to be put in the hands of the prouest baillies and 
counsall of the said toun to be registratt in their townis buikis ane 
vther in the hands and keiping of the ministrie of the said towne 
the third in the hands of the principall of the said college the 
fourth in the hands of the lairds of Caskiben and Crimound Forder 
my will is that gif the persone quho sail enioy this benefite sail 
happin as god forbid to mack apostacie in religioun or debosche in 
lyiff and conversatioun or that he ydlie bestow his tyme in the holie 
course and studie of Theologie That in that caice he be bound 
to refund the haill benefite quhilk he hes receauit Ordaineing that 
this mortificatioun to be maid authenticklie and faithfullie in dew 
forme be the foirsaids persones as they salbe answerabill to the 
tribunal seatt of the Lord Jesus who hes blissed ws in these latter 
dayes with the cleir licht of his blissed evangell for the quhilk be 
praise and glorie to him for euir* 

And for fulfilling of this my lettir will and legacy I haue nominat 
and be thir presenttis nominatis Robert Johnstoun of Crimound Mr 
Robert Merser minister at Ellon Mr Johne Kynneir minister at 
Lewcharis and Mr William Erskin minister at Dyninow quhome I 



* Here follow bequests to the Grammar School, Hospital, and Kirk of Aberdeen. The 
will is printed at length in the Miscellany of the Maitland Club, Vol. i. 



Il6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [161I. 

haue euir fund honest faithfull and kynd to me in my lyftyme 
executors Beseikand thame nocht to refuis to accept this binding 
willing that the executeing and expenssis thairof in this binding be 
teine of the reddiest Prowyding expreslie that gif ony quho suld 
receawe benefite be this testament mack ony contraversie to my 
executoris or discord amonge thameselffis or shawe discontentment 
that they be excludit fra all benefite of this my testament and lettir 
will In witness q''off I haue subscriuit thir presenttis with my hand 
day 3eir and place foirsaids befoir thir witnessis Mr Charles Geddy 
Mr Johne Murray Mr Johne Sanderis and Piter Midlar my seruitour 
and Mr Johne Kinneir minister at Lewcharis writer heirof 

[Sic subscr.] Mr Johne Johnstoun 

Mr Charles Geddy witnes 
Mr Johne Sanderis witnes 
Mr Johne Murray witnes 
Mr Johne Kinneir witnes 

At Sanct Androwis the fyift day of August in the 5eir of god 
J*" sex hundreth and ellewin 3eiris I Mr Johne Johnstoun ane of 
the maisteris of the new college Ratefies my testament and lettir 
will w'ttin be Mr Johne Kynneir minister the nyntie [sic] nynt day 
of July last by past in all pointis and circumstances . . . 

[Sic subscr.] Mr Johne Johnstoun 

From the Testament Testamentar in the Town House Charter Room, 
"Mortifications for Bursars," M^ 4.* 



* With this is tied up a packet (M^ 5) of papers relative to the Mortification : — 

Decreet of Lords of Council : The Town Council, Professors, &c., against the 

Executors, 29th February, 1612. 
Letters of Horning thereupon, loth March, 1612. 
Assignation : Executors to the Town Council, 4th August, 1613. 
Bond : Caskieben to the Treasurer of Aberdeen, 19th November, 1613. 
Acquittance : Mr. John Saunders of the four yearly payments of the Burse, 

November, 1619. 
Letters of Consent : Caskieben and Crimond in favour of Mr. Thomas Chalmers 

to be Divinity Bursar, 23rd April, 1633. 
Assignation (undated and unsigned) : Caskieben and Crimond to the Town Council 

of their right of presentation. 



l6ll.] JOHN JOHNSTON'S BURSARY. II7 

The last is in the following terms : — 

"Be it kend etc. We George Johnestoune of Caskybene and Robert Johnestoune of 
Cremound forsameikill etc. And becaus the powar of lauchfull electioun of the said poore 
scholar quha sould inioy the benefit of the said mortificatioun is concedit and gewin be the 
mortificatioun testament and letter will of the defunct to the faithfull Ministeris of the said 
towne of Aberdeine abyding in the sinceritie of doctrine and discipline to the Principall 
of the College and Maister of the grammer schooll of the same be the aduyse and oversicht 
of the Laird of Caskibene and laird of Cremound and thair successors professing the treuthe 
of sincear religioune Yit in considderatioune that it may sa fall out that quher consent 
and aduyse is to be craveit of the lairds of Caskybene and Cremound to the nominatioun of 
the said poore scholar quha sould injoy the benefite of the said mortificatioun The said lairds 
of Caskybene and Cremound and thair successors may be ather Minoris and so vnfitt to 
giwe aduyse or consent in the said matter or thai may be so distractit be thair vther affairis 
that thai can not convenientlie attend thairvpoun nor convene at all occasiounes for that effect 
Thairfoir I the said George Johnestoun now of Caskybene with expres consent of my saids 
Curatoris And als I the said Robert Johnestoun of Cremound for myselff be the tenor hereof 
for ws or airis and successouris Disponis assignis and transferris all right and tytill qlk we 
or ather of ws or or foirsaidis had hes or any wayes may hawe clame or pretend in any 
tyme comeing in and to the Nominatioun of the said poore scholar quha sail enjoy the 
benefite of the said mortificatioun and all consent advyse and ouersicht qlks we or ather 
of ws or or foirsaidis may clame be the said letter will and testament of the said vmqle Mr 
Johne Johnestoune to the presentatioun electioun and nominatioun of the said poore scholar 
student in Theologie To and in the persone and in fauo^s of the Prouest Baillies and 
Council and thair successouris prouest baillies and counsall thairof in all tyme comeing And 
surrogattis thame in or full richt titill and place thairof for ewir With powar to the saidis 
Prouest Baillies and Counsall and thair successouris to giwe thair consent and advyse 
to the nominatioun and electioun of the said poore scholer quha sail enioy the said benefite 
of the said mortificatioun toties quoties sa oft as the said Rowme sail walk siclyk and 
als frielie in all respects as we or or foirsaids micht have done orselffis Obleissing 
ws be thir presentis and or foirsaids to warrand this or translatioun of or richt of 
Nominatioun and consent of the said poore scholar guid valied and eifectuall to the saids 
Prouest Baillies and Counsell frome or proper facts and deidis allanerlie Lyke as I the 
said George Johnestoun of Caskiebene obleiss me with consent foirsaid To ratifie and 
approve this present »disposition and translation for my pairt throf at my perfyte age of 
xxi years complet " 



On 3rd July, 1616, the Town Council, " becaus the said Issobell Boyes [Johnston's 
mother] is latlie depairtit this lyiff," admit Master John Sanders, sister's son to the testator, 
to the benefit of the Burse for four years, in terms of the Will (Town Council Register, 
xlvii. 624). On 22nd May, 1621, he is succeeded by William Johnstoun {T. C. R., 1.6); 
and on 29th January, 1623, Alexander Wedderburn, brother to William Wedderburn, Regent, 
and to David Wedderburn, Rector of the Grammar School, is admitted to this bursary, he 
being " now presentlie in England occupiet in a pedagogic, yit being resoluit to sequestrat 
himselff from all suche cares" (T. C. R., H. 31.) 



Il8 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [161I. 

The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to this Mortification is as follows : — 
*• Maister Johne Johnstoune's Mortificatioun of Ane Thousand Marks to ana poore 

scholar student in divinitia for four yaris succassiue ane after ane vthar 
" Item the said soume of ane thousand marks is rastand in the hands of Johne Forbes 
of Petsligo and John Forbes at the mylne of Melgum his cautionar to be 
payit at Martimes 1618 conforme to their band 1000 merks 

" The profitt and annual rent quhairoff is provydit to Mr. Jon Sandars sisters sone 
to the said umqil Mr Johne for the first four yaris qlk began at the feast of 
Witsunday 1616 conforme to ane Act of Counsall maid thairanent of the 
date the third of July 1616." 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1617-18. 



At the Union of the Universities in i860 the account stood thus: — 



" 7. John Johnston's Mortification 
to a Poor Scholar to serve in 
theChurch ofGodFour Years 



Balce 1859 
II 18 8 



Revenue 
13 12 10 



Expendre 
16 12 2 



Balce i860 
.8 19 4 



Stock 
428 19 4 " 



— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

As regulated by the Aberdeen (Endowed Institutions) Provisional Order, 1881, the John- 
ston Bursary is in future to be of the value of ;f 15 per annum.* 

Note on Heraldic Ceiling in Old Marischal College. 

On 29th November, 1678, Robert Paterson, younger son of John, Bishop of Ross, t was 
promoted from a regency to the Principalship. He became the leading spirit in carrying out 
a restoration of the College buildings, effected in face of many difficulties, between the years 
1682 and 1700. The part restored included a " principal's chamer," the ceiling of which was 
adorned with thirty coats of arms, being those of the Founder, of Paterson and his seven 
predecessors in the principalship, and of twenty-one early benefactors of the College. The 
ceiling seems to have been erected at Paterson's expense, for in the accounts of the " New 
Work, 1682- 1 700," the only references to armorial decoration are — 

i68g. " Item for putting up Tourner's arms in the Colledge 3 lib." 

1698. '* Item to Charles Whit for drawing Dr. Sibbald's coat 

of arms in the principall's chamber 2 lib. 13s." 

The arms were painted on three rows of wooden panels, which in 1790 were removed to 



* This Provisional Order, following on the Endowed Institutions (Scotland) Act (41 and 42 Vict, 
cap. 48), consolidated into one general Bursary Fund, the mortifications for bursaries by John Johnston, 
Duncan Liddell, James Cargill, Alexander Reid, Alexander Ross, Sir Thomas Crombie, Catherine 
Rolland, Robert Gumming, James Milne, John Fraser, William Lorimer, Charles Gordon, Alexander 
Cruden, and John Mather— all previously under the management of the Town Council. Henceforth 
the allocation of the bursaries is as follows : Faculty of Arts, four Rolland bursaries of £2$, eight Car- 
gill of £20, one Ross of £20, one Milne and Fraser of ;^2o, one Reid and Cruden of £20, one Gordon 
and Gumming of £30, eight Crombie of £1^, and four Mather of ,^15. Faculty of Divinity, one John- 
ston bursary of £15, one Rolland of £1$, and one Lorimer of £is- Faculty of Law, two Mather 
bursaries of ^^lo. Faculty of Medicine, four Mather bursaries of ^^20, and four Liddell of £ao. 

t Nisbet's Sys/. of Her., 1722, p. 362. 



l6ll.] HERALDIC CEILING. II9 

form a ceiling for the " Public School ". There they remained for half a century, but in 
1836-40 the old building was taken down, and the panels appear to have been wantonly 
destroyed. It is fortunate that in 1833 an exact coloured drawing of the ceiling was 
executed by Mr. Alexander Dingwall Fordyce, now of Fergus, Ontario,* who has presented 
the drawing to the New Spalding Club. 

The ceiling, which seems to have measured 82 ft. by 22 ft.,+ was divided longi- 
tudinally into three rows of panels running north and south, and separated by blue 
bands. The panels of the centre row, six in number, were slightly larger than those of 
the side rows, and each contained on© shield, the upper part or chief lying towards the 
north, at which end was the entrance to the room. Each shield was placed on a plain 
blue field encircled by a floral garland, the same for all the six. Behind the garland 
was a white background bounded by Renaissance scrollwork, differing slightly in details 
throughout the series. This again was surrounded by the natural brown of the wood, 
broken only by two straight white J labels above and below, containing the inscriptions. 
From the extremities of the upper label depended two ribbons, the other ends of which were 
held by two nude winged figures seated on part of the scrollwork. 

The panels of the side rows contained each two shields lying east and west, the upper 
ends turned away from the centre row. The field on which they were placed was 
red, with floral ornamentation, and the backgrounds and scrolls as well as the garlands 
were identical throughout the series. To correspond to the altered position of the shields 
the labels ran north and south. 

The arms emblazoned were those of — 

I. Centre Row. i. Duncan Liddell. 2. Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum. 3. George, 
fifth Earl Marischal, the Founder — reproduced in colour in this volume, to face p. i. 4. The 
Burgh of Aberdeen. 5. Sir Thomas Crombie of Kemnay. 6. Secretary Thomas Reid. 

II. Dexter or Eastern Row. la. William Guild. 16. Catherine Rolland. 2a. 
John Johnston. 26. William Jameson. 3a. Patrick Copland. 36. David Chamberlain. 
4a. William Leslie of Balquhain.§ 46. Alexander Ross. 5a. William Johnston. 56. 
Robert Dun. 6a. James Cargill. 6b. Alexander Reid. 

III. Sinister or Western Row. la. Robert Howie, first principal. 16. Gilbert Gray, 
second principal. 2a. Andrew Aidie, third principal. 26. William Forbes, fourth principal. 
3a. Patrick Dun, fifth principal. 36. William Moir, sixth principal. 4a. James Leslie, 
seventh principal. 46. Robert Paterson, eighth principal. 5rt. John Turner. 56. Patrick 
Sibbald. 6a. William More of Hiltone.,'! 6b. George Melvill. 

A more detailed account of the ceiling, with a reproduction in outline of the drawing, 
will be found in the Proceedings of the Soc. of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol. xxiii, 

* Author of Records of the Family of Dingwall Fordyce, 2 vols., 1885-8. 

\ New Stat. Ac. of Aberdeenshire, 1843, P- "79« 

X Blue and unlettered in the Earl Marischal's arms. 

§ He sent " sex score of verie choice books from Breda in Holland " in 1669 {Buik of Register). 

II I have been unable to trace More's claim to a place in this array. In the accounts of 1681-2 
occurs the entry, " To Charles Divie for writting Hilton's mortification, 2 lib. 18 s.". 



I20 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6l2. 

XV. 

l^he Tmvn Council prmnde a loft in the Kirk for the use of the masters and 
students. Zih April, 1612. 

The said day The prouest bailleis and counsell finds it werie 
meit and expedient that thair be ane Loft biggit in the auld kirk 
of this burghe for the maisteris and studentis of the college thairof 
at sic pairt of the said auld kirk quhair it may be maist commo- 
diouslie had be adwyse of the counsell and Maister of kirk wark 
without preiudice to the Lichtis and daskis of the kirk And ordainis 
the Maister of wark to enter craftismen to the said wark howsoone 
the place salbe designit be the counsell to that effect and sic as 
salbe debursed thairon Ordains to be allowit to him in his comptis 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. xlv., p. 422. 



XVI. 

Dr. Duncan Liddell mortifies the lands of Pitmedden to the Colleges of New 
and Old Aberdeen, for the support of six bursars. 12th July, 161 2.* 

Be it kend to all men be thir present letters me M"" Duncane 
Liddell Doctor of Medicine Forsameekle as our auncient predicessours 
of maist notable and good memorie esteaming that they were not 
onlie borne for them self hot for the weill and profite of their 
countrie and commoun wealth seaking be all meanes the advancement 
thereof as good and profitable members of the same have not only 
foundit diverss Colledgis within this Realme for the education of the 
youthes in all kynd of Sciences and learning but have mortifiet 

• " Quartum teneat locum Duncanus Liddelius, Medicina Doctor, qui liberalitate, 
et impensis suis Academiam Marischallanam sic ornavit et auxit, ut ipsutn Patrem et 
Patronum alterum merito agnoscat : Hie honesto loco natus, et civibus Abrcdonensibus 
oriundus, et Sibi et Majoribus summam, animi virtute, et pietate, comparavit Nobilitatem 
et Gloriam. Postquam Abredonia literarum tyrocinia posuisset, peregrinationem in exteras 
regiones instituit; et post peragratam Polonia, Prussice et Germania partem maximam, 
triennio Francofurti Uteris operam fcelicissime navavit, et laurel Magisterial! Rostochii fuit 
donatus, ubi Mathesin, et Philosophiatn summa cum laude docuit ; et tandem ob singularis 
in Astronomid peritiae famam, ab illustri Tychone Brake accitus, tanta meruit Encomia, ut 
in Academia Juliaca, Mathesios Professione ornatus fuerit ; Et Medicince Doctor et Pro- 



I6l2.] DUNCAN LIDDELL'S BURSARIES. 121 

maist honorable livings for the interteyning of poore schollers affecting 
vertue and letters perceaving weill that the saids Colledgis and youth 
Weill trainit wp therein ar the werie senowis of the Republick vpon 
whais good education example and honest behaviour the good and 
Weill thereof speciallie depends howsoever the rentall living of the 
samen Colledgis by injurie of tyme and other misgovernement have 
sufferit great loss and damage to the hurt and prejudice of poore 
schollers repairing theirto and I having bestowit the greatest pairt 
of my age in forren nationis in learning of vertue and letters whereby 
(as vertue ever doth honour the possessour) so be my honorable 
education desyre and learning of vertue it hath pleasit God for to 
bliss me with worldlie substance that I have thought maist meit 
as ane person whase intention ever hes beene to be profitable in my 
countrie and commoun wealth according to the good example of our 
saidis antecessouris to bestow ane portion of my conquiess vpon the 
interteinment of such persounes as I hope in God shall be ane orna- 
ment to their countrie and ane blissing to this commoune weill seiking 
thereby the good education of the youth the augmentation and reparation 
of the misgovernit rent of the saids Colledge ane blessing to my 
cuntrie and to give goode example in steiring vp others to the like 
goode and honourable desyre And seeing I have laitlie conquiest the 



fessor Renunciatus : Hie ita se in omnibus gessit, et Spartam ornavit, ut maximo in honore 
ab omnibus sit habitus ; et Decanus Facultatis, imo et Academia Rector crearetur, et 
summis potiretur dignitatibus. Quumque maximam apud exteros meruisset glcriam, 
Germaniatn et Italiam pervagatus, plenus honorum et bonorum in patriam rediit, ut Abredonice 
cui ortum debuit, studiorum, laudum et laborum suorum, fructus consecraret. 

Voluit LiDDELius propagare Mathesin, nee spes eum fefellit : Nam sine jaetantia 
asserere ausim, maxima studiorum Mathematicorum apud ScoTos inerementa hinc Professioni 
LiDDELiAN^ deberi ; Et Academiam Marischallanam omnem, qua fruitur gens nostra, Mathesin 
longe lateque diffudisse, et reliquis Regni Athenceis, Matheniatum Professores dedisse. 

Post exaeta immortalia haec pietatis monumenta, elarissimus Liddelius in eodem 
occubuit, loco qui primos ipsius excepit vagitus. Etsi eastus et ccelebs, ut in omni vita 
pius et innoeuus, non tamen improles decessit; nam ut Epaminondas, cum ei orbitas ex- 
probaretur, respondit, se reliquisse filiam, nempe, pugnam Leuctricam, quam vicerat, quae 
non soliim sibi superstes, sed et etiam immortalis futura esset : Ita Liddelius filiam 
reliquit, Academiam nempe Marischallanam, multosque Nepotes, ejusdem Professores et 

Q 



122 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6l2. 

lands of Petmedden and teinds theirof lying within the parrochin of 
[Dyce] and Schirefdome of Abirdeine mist neare to the colledgis 
of Aberdeine within the quhilk Schirrefdome and burghe thereof my 
parents of goode memorie hade their residence and my selff was 
borne and ane good pairt of my life brought vp within the quhilk 
also my brother and sister their bairnes and children presentlie 
remaine be reason wheirof I am speciallie movit to bestow the 
benefite after specifiet vpon the Colledgis of new and aid abd vpon 
the speciall provisiounis and conditiounis vnder exprimet Wit ye 
me therefore to have mortifiet like as to the tenour therof I mortifie 
All and haill the toune and lands of Petmedden with the salmon 
fishing theirof adjacent therto on the water of Don with the teind 
sheavis and pertinents therof with full commontie and commoune pas- 
turage and libertie to cast peits and fewall in the mosses of Dyce 
win lead and transport the samen to the saids lands of Petmedden 
be the commoun passages and gaits vsit and wonnt perpetuallie in 
tyme comming for the vse of the inhabitants of the said towne all ly- 
and as said is to the saids colledgis of new and aid Aberdeine and 
their successours to remaine therewith in all tyme comming lyke as 
to that effect I mak constitute and ordeain 

and ilk ane of them conjunctlie and severallie my verie lauch- 
full vndoubted and irrevocable procurators actors factors and speciall 



Alumnos, qui laudes, memoriam, et merita Liddelii in omne propagabunt sevum." Smith's 
Oratio, Habita a.d, mdcxcvi., pp. 15, 16. 

Liddell's memory was also celebrated by Principal Gilbert Gray (v., infra, p. 136) 
and by Professor Andrew Ramsay (Poemata Sacra, Edin., 1633). An account of his life 
and writings by Professor John Stuart of Marischal College was printed at Aberdeen in 1790, 
with a portrait from a memorial brass which the magistrates caused " sinck and graive 
in the toun of Antuerp " for " Sanct Nicolas Kirk of this burgh in the pairt quhair the 
said doctor Liddell wes bureit," paying therefor "the soume of fourteine hundreth 
merkis" out of "the superplus of the fermes of Pitmedden . . . attour the payment of 
the bursars and the superplus of the profitts quhilk hes accresceit of the money mortified 
to the professor of mathematicques ". (See entries for 5th and 28th June, 1622, in 
Town Council Register, Vol. 1., pp. 302, 326, and " Notices of the Brass," by Mr. Andrew 
Gibb, in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 1875-76, p. 450, and by 
Mr. A. M. Munro in Scottish Notes and Queries for December, 1887). This account was re- 
printed in the Aberdeen Magazine for 1796, pp. 209-217, and in Professor Stuart's Essays, 
Aberdeen, 1846. Its substance was also reproduced in Chalmers' Biographical Dictionary, 
Irving's Scottish Writers, Chamhers' Scottish Biography , and Brace's Emittent Men of Aberdeen. 



I6l2.] DUNCAN LIDDELL'S BURSARIES. 123 

earand beararis givand granting and committing to them my full 
frie plaine power express command bidding and charge to compeir 
before his highnes or before the Lords Commissionars of this his 
Majesties Realme of Scotland having power to receave resignatiouns 
and graunt infeftments theirvpon and their for me and in my name 
to resigne renounce surrender simpliciter ouergive and wpgive all 
and haill the said towne and lands of Petmedden with the salmon 
fishing thereof adjacent thereto on the water of Don with the teind 
sheavis and pertinents theirof ^A^hatsomever with full commountie 
commoun pastorage and libertie to cast peits and fewall within 
the mosses of Dyce win leid and transport the samen to the saids 
lands of Petmedden be the commoun passages and gaits vsit and 
wonnt perpetuallie in tyme comming for the vse of the inhabitants 
of the said towne with all right tytle claime of right propertie or 
possession I hade hes or ony wayis may pretend theirto to the 
effect his Majestic may mortifie the saids lands fishings teinds 
priveledgis and others above written to the saids Colledgis of new 
and aid Aberdeine and their successours schollers learning vertue 
and letters theirin for now and ever and for new perpetuall 
infeftment to be given be his highnes to them therevpon in due 
forme as accords vpon the speciall provisionis and conditionis vnder 
specifiet videlicet I will decerne and ordour that there shall be 
perpetuallie susteanit with the fermes and dueties of thir lands sex 
bursars within the saids colledgis sex yeares foure during the 
vsuall tyme they pas their vsuall course of Philosophic and beis 
made masters and twa years therafter for learning forder and 
exercising thamesels and helping uther schollars by teaching Mathe- 
matiks in the same Colledge And that in hope ther will be erectit 
ane seminarie of Divinitie and uther faculties in Abd wherthrough 
they may be farther learnit and so instructed that they may be 
profitable to kirk and commounwealth and not receave ane tytle of 
master in vaine as wee sie in manie at this tyme The foure years 
qll they pas their course everie ane shall receave for ther sustentation 
fourteine holies of guid victuall half meill half malt conforme to the 
vse of the lands of Petmedden the fyft and sext yeires fyfteine holies 
and ane dusson of poultrie and other of capons or the vsuall price 
thereof with that condition that they the fyft and sext yeire teach 



124 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6l2. 

Mathematiks in that Colledge wher they pas ther course in that 
forme as I will sett doune be consent off Principalis and Regents 
in the Colledgis if onie be not qualifiet for this intent and not of 
my brother and sisters succession then any uther farr learned m"" shall 
receave this benefite for that same vse during the forsaid tyme 
vntill ane learneder bursar succeid If he be my brother and sisters 
successioun and be any wayis able to teach any pairt of Mathe- 
matiks and profite the schollaris this benefite shall not be taken from 
him Naine shall be receavit to be -of this burseris in the colledgis 
afore they be fifteine yeares old and hes leamit weil their Latine 
and Greek grammer and uther principall authors vsuall therto and 
cane make ane congruouse epystle and verse and learnit also quatuor 
species operationum arithmeticae first if [anie] of my Brother and sister 
sounes lauchfullie gottin be able for the Colledgis they shall be 
receavit before vthers and without exception If more be of my 
Brother and Sisters succession able for the Colledgis for the tyme 
the eldest poorest and learnedest shall be first admitted and the 
other abyd vntill the nixt yeare Secondlie in default of thir others 
shall be admitted to this benefite with thir conditiounes First that 
they be honest poore mens sounes burgesses of new Abd quha ar 
not able to susteine ther bairnes at the Colledge Secondlie that 
the same be past fyfteine yeares of age and be of good ingyne and 
inclinatJon and learned weill their Latine and Greek tongues Thirdlie 
becaus menie will be desyrous of this benefite the best shall be 
preferrit after diligent examination and tryall be making of Epystles 
and verse and disputing for the place Gif it chaunces that menie 
appeires equall then the poorest and best inclined shall be preferrit 
principallie if he be allyit to my brother or sisters bairnes or whois 
antecessouris hes been longest burgessis in New Abd and susteanit 
honorable offices If the pairtie agrea not then lots shall be castin 
for the place quhilk of them shall have it And becaus sic lyk benefits 
contrare to the foundation and alsoe to the great disprofite of commoune- 
wealth and schoolles hes beine meekle misused in menie yeares 
therfore to avoyde sic lyk inconveniences in this small benefite and 
that it come not in abuse or be turned in any other vses or diminishit 
my will and desyre is that the oversight and direction of this benefite 
shall not be committed onlie to the principalis and regents of the twa 



l6l2.] DUNCAN LIDDELL'S BURSARIES. 12$ 

colledgis but principallie to the Provest Bail3ies and counsell of the 
towne of new Aberdeine and ane of my neirest kinsmen chosen be 
the rest of my freinds heirto and with them to the Bishop principalis 
and regents of the twa Collegis of Aberdeine as patroni tutores et 
inspectores that no thing be done to the disprofite of bursers and 
schollers and vnder the provest and bail3ies and counsell of new 
Aberdeine the administration to be given to the thesaurar or Deane 
of Gild of new Abirdeine as Chamberlan as the provest and Counsell 
thinks expedient with that condition that he promise to administrat 
this benefite faithfullie and as it is heere sett doune and to neglect 
no thing quhilk apperteanes to the profite of the lands of Petmedden 
and this benefite and that be assistaunce of him whome my kinsman 
hes chosen for the tyme for their pairt wha in all coarts shall be 
bail5ie Secondlie to cause satisfie the bursers in due tyme of that 
qlk is constitute for everie ane of them and first of all my awne 
kinsmen and also satisfie others as followis Thridlie to pay the 
Kinges feu dueties and also the persones teind duetie in due tyme 
and that afore all other thinges that na inconvenient chaunce be 
neglecting theirof to this benefite Moreover if ony inconvenient or 
trouble comes to the lands be neightbours or others whosoever to 
advertise the patron in tyme that wronges be amendit He shall 
yearlie give compt and reckoning of all things to the provest Bail3ies 
and counsell of new Aberdeine and the rest of the patrons And 
that this be done the towne of new Aberdeine shall obleis them 
selfis to the rest of the patrons and the Chanceler and counsell of 
Scotland and if ' any wrong be done to be amendit If the lands 
be troublit be any others to take the defence on them the expenses 
being taken of the fruites of the lands and of everie bursers benefite 
equallie It shall be labourit after my deceass that everie seage in 
the Colledge have ane burser that yearlie ane new burser may be 
reseavit and twa readie to teach Mathematiks as is aforesaid And 
vntill ther places be filled the rest of the fermes of Petmedden shall 
be imployit for buying of good bookes to augment my bibliothek 
quhilk I will also mortifie to the Colledgis Yearlie quhat tyme the 
bursers are to be receavit they of my awne brother and Sisters suc- 
cession shall be advertesit be the Provest Bishop and Principalis to 
present their bairnes if they have any qualefiet for the Colledg and 



126 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6l2. 

schoolls to be resavit as befor without any exception others shall be 
presented to the bishop and Principalis of Aberdeine be the Provest 
and Counsell of new Abd and first tryit be theme and resavit vndr 
sic conditiouns as afore is sett doune Moreover quhat tyme he that 
susteanes the Chamberlans office maks his reckoning the Schollers 
and bursers quhilk injoyis this benefite in presence of their Masters 
and provest yearlie sail be censurit and if onie be found of evill 
conditiouns as Huire-Maisters theefes breakers of yeards and sic lyk 
or ar not able for the schooles and colledgis and profites not to be 
removit from this place and ane other putten therin with that con- 
dition that if he be of my brother or sisters lauchfull succession 
to receave ane yeares benefite thereafter to put him to ane 
other vocatioun if he be not of my kinsmen that yeares duetie shall 
be employit for buying of some goode auncient books to the vse of 
the bursers and Maisters of the Colledgis and to augment my 
bibliothek quhilk I will give to this vse eftir my deceass and so na 
vnwordie persone to be sufferit in that place or have this benefite 
but they onlie that are of goode hope to be learnit men and weell 
inclynit or of honest lyfe and inclination Moreover the schollers 
and bursers wha injoyis this benefite shall weare ane grave habite 
as ane black gowne or black bonnet or hatt and other claiths con- 
forme therto So long the twa Colledgis of Philosophic continews 
as at this present forme in Abd it sail be in will of the parents of 
the bursers be consent of the Bishop and Provest of new Abd quhilk 
Colledge they sail be putten to but principailie wher they ar best 
brought vp in both letters and maners and best teaching and 
discipline is They sail not be buirdit with other bursers in the 
auld Colledge if they can be better interteanit for that same pay- 
ment otherwise Yet they sail have ther chamber in the colledge 
and diligentlie be attendit on and hairdlie punishit if they fault 
At their entres in the Colledge they shall promise them to be thank- 
full for this benefite and after ther power when they ar able to do 
for themself to assist others and labour that this benefite be not 
misused but faithfullie mantained and imploy all their moyen if 
mister be for manteynance of it quhilk promise they shall repeite 
publicklie in the act when they are maid maisters with thanks- 
giving to the king for granting of this benefite for sic ane vse and 



l6l2.] DUNCAN LIDDELL'S BURSARIES. I27 

to him quhilk foundit it and ane prayer to God to excitate goode 
princes and subjects for advauncement and manteyning of learning 
and schooles and to the profite of baith kirk and commoun-wealth 
And everie ane of the bursers after he hes passit sex yeares vale- 
dicere with a publick oration in the Colledge giveing thanks to the 
kinges M for his benefite Secondlie to him wha advancit it and to 
the patrons therof As also to his masters for his faithfull institution 
with ane exhortation to others to advance and mantaine learneing 
letters schooles and Colledgis to the vse of both kirk and commoun- 
weill and vntill this thanksgiving be maid publicklie the -same burser 
shall want the quarter of the last yeares benefite and after the oration 
imediatlie reseave it Afore he hes his oration ane day or twa he shall 
invite to his oration the learned men in baith the townes be ane 
letter affixed on the colledge and kirk dore and also admonish and 
invite the Schollers in the colledgis and vniversitie to make Latin 
verse to the honour of the kinges M and thankfull remembrance 
of him that foundit the Colledge and all that augmentit it or for 
the present augments and mainteyns the samen exhorting others 
to follow their example and do the samen Wha maks the best Latine 
verse be judgment of the Maisters of the Colledge and grammer 
schoolls and other learnit men in the townes shall have ane reward 
of thrie punds Scots cum corona ex floribus capiti imponenda in 
testimonium excellentiae prae sodalibus Gif mony appear equall or 
ony doubt aryse he shall have the rewarde and honour wha by the 
Latine verse maks the best Greek verse and Latine oratioune in 
that same argument as afore And this to excitat the schollers in 
the Colledge not to neglect studia poeseos et eloquenciae But be- 
caus it will be long tyme or the first pas his sex yeares therefore 
in the meane tyme this certamen in bonis Uteris shall be institute 
yearlie the day of promotioune of the Maisters in the Colledge of 
Aberdeine and the silver taken of the dueties of Petmedden The 
rest of the dueties of the lands of Pitmedden shalbe imployit for 
buying of books to augment my Bibliothek quhilk I will give to the 
Colledge except sum customes to him that susteynes the chamber- 
lans place and that as the patron thinks expedient Gif it chaunces 
that by ony inconvenient or evill guydment baith the Colledgis 
decayis quhilk is to be fearit this benefite and other rentis shall 



128 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [f6l2. 

be distribute amonges all tuelff poore mens sounes of the new toune 
of Abd principallie of my brothef and sisters succession that ar of 
good ingyne to be manteynit at the Grammer and Song schooll 
vntill the CoUedgis be restored This ordour as I have sett doune 
shall be perpetuallie observit without fraud or guyle and not to be 
any wayis diminishit farr less to be turnit to ony other vse Iff ony 
preis to dispone this benefite otherwise or to diminish it or to 
intromett with the landes off Petmedden or ony pairt thereof to 
the hurte of the benefite or to his proper vse be vertue of this 
present it shall not availl but also he sail be punishit as ane sacri- 
legious persoune and as a traitour to his Majestie for I am assured 
that the curss of God will be vpon him and his succession If it chaunces 
be injurie of tyme or ony other occasioune that this my disposition 
be alterit or the benefite turned in other vses nor is sett doune heere 
or ony way be diminishit be whomsoever it be done then be vertue 
of thir presents the haill towne and lands of Petmedden with all the 
pertinents to returne to my aires and they to have full power and 
right to intromett therewith with that condition that they vse the 
fruites and dueties thereof for bringing vp of their bairnes in learning 
and letters and marieing of their daughters and poor madens as 
they think expedient But if naine of my kinsmen for the present 
be to persue the matter or they neglect it then onie honest man 
burges of Abd shall have that same power to persue the sacrilegious 
persoune and for his reward his succession shall have the vse of 
this benefite and their sounes lawchfullie gotten as weell and equall 
with my brother and sisters succession for ever Moreover if ony 
whaevir he be abuses this benefite and intends to turne it in ane 
other vse or diminish it then be vertue of this present his sounes 
and successione for ever shalbe haillilie debarrit therefra After the 
rentalls of the towne and lands of Petmedden be satlit and good 
tennents placit therein na gresems shall be taken but for gresems 
silver the haill tenents shall pay yearlie the Kinges few duetie 
quhilk is sex punds that be no new impositions the tennents be 
vnable to pay their fermes and dueties and so poore schollers mis- 
lippnit The rentall in fermes shall be keipit as presentlie and not 
turnit in silver The silver dueties in meall shall be keipit as the 
valour of the silver is for the present that is the vnce of silver thrie 



l6l2.] DUNCAN LIDDELL'S BURSARIES. I29 

punds Scotts or thrie punds silver ane vnce Reserving always to 
me during all the dayis spaces yeares and termes of my lifetyme 
my liferent of all and haill the lands fishing teind sheavis priveledgis 
liberties and others abowe wreittin haill mealies fermes rents cus- 
tomes dueties service profites and emoluments thereof to be vsit 
and disponit vpon be me during the said space to the said bursers 
or otherwyse as I shall think expedient In witness of the quhilk thing 
to thir presents written be M' Mathow Mitchell my servitour sub- 
scrivet with my hand my sealle appendit at Ed' the tuelft day of 
June the yeare of God 1612 yeares Before thir witnes vnderwritten 

[Signed] M'' Duncan Liddell Doctor w' my hand 
M Mitchell witnes 
Th Nicolson witnes 

From the original deed in the Town House Charter Room. "Pitmedden " 
P\ No. I.* 



* As appears from the next deed (No. XVII.) Liddell, after the date of this mortification, 
feued the lands of Pitmedden to George Strachan of Glithnot, and a crown charter (24th May, 
1614 ; pi. No. 2) is in existence confirming his feu charter of 8th December, 1613. The 
Council also granted a feu charter of the lands to Strachan and his heirs, but the transaction 
seems never to have been completed, as the rental of the lands appears in the Burgh 
Mortification accounts till 1748. In the following year the Council ordered the lands to be 
feued, and Articles and Conditions of Roup are extant dated 17th August, 1749, when the 
lands were taken out by John Forbes, merchant in Aberdeen, at ;^256 Scots of yearly feu duty. 
One fourth of this was redeemed at 24 years purchase and the remainder = ;£'i6 stg., fixed 
as the annual feu duty. This is the amount still drawn from these lands. The earliest 
regular entry in the Town's Accounts relative to this Mortification is as follows : — 

" Charge of the Rent of Petmedden mortifiet be Doctor Liddell for Interteane- 
ment of Sex Bursaris within the New College of Aberdeine 

Imprimis— I chairge myselff with the silver few dewtie of the saidis landis of the 

Martimes terme 1618 and Witsonday terme 1619 vj lib 

Item— with tuantie-sex bollis victuall halff meill half malt as for the superplus of 
the fermes of the sadis landis of Petmedden of the cropt 1618 attour the 
payment of the bursaris and of Johnne and Helene Liddelis q"< xxvj bollis 
victuall wes sauld be the Counsall to Williame Buchan at four punds 
vi sh 8d ilk boll to hawe beine payit at Witsonday 1619 conforme to 
ane Act of Counsall maid thairanent 24 Feb"^ i6ig quhilk I resavit not 
till efter Lambes in respect of the deceas of the said Willeame Buchan 
fewar the pryce of the said victuall in all extends to jcxij lib xiij s 4d 



Summa _ ane hundreth auchtene lib xiij s 4d 



I30 



MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. 



[1612. 



Dischairge of the Rent of Petmedden 

Imprimis — payit to my Lord Earle of Mar Heigh Thesaurar of this Kingdome 
the siluer few dewtie of the saids lands of Petmedden for the saidis twa 
termes conforme to the tounes infeftment throf haldin of His Maiestie 

Item — debursit for the ceque of Petmedden in chequer first to the clerk of the eqr 

Item to the ishueris 

Item in drinksiluer 



vj lib 
iiij lib 

XXX s 

xij s 



Item- 



Summa debursit in chequer xij lib ij s 

-giwen to a boy for ganging twa severall tymes to Dyce for craving the 

dewtie from Williame Buchanes wyiff viij s 



Summa 
The charge of Petmedden being 

So restis the comptar 



tuelff pundis ten s 
ane hundreth auchtene lib threttene s four d 



ane hundreth sex pundis thrie s four d " 



— Burgh Treasury Accounts, i6i8-ig. 



At the Union of the Universities in i860 the account stood thus 



Dr. Duncan Liddel's, 
to Six Bursars, being 
Children of Decayed 
Burgesses 



Balce 1859 



28 19 5 



Revenue 



Expendre 



52 12 2 



Balce i860 



20 18 10 



Stock 



1320 18 10' 



44 " 7 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 
As regulated by the Aberdeen (Endowed Institutions) Provisional Order, i88i {supra, 
p. 118), the Liddell Bursaries are in future to be four, in connection with the Faculty 
of Medicine, value ;£2o each per annum. 

The Town Council Register contains many entries regarding the Liddell bursaries. 
Subjoined are two specimens of early date. 

" Oct. 20, 1634. 

" The samen day It wes statute concludit and ordainit be the Prouost Baillies and 
Counsall, That all bursares alsweill presentit and admittit, as to be admittit heireftir to any 
of Doctour Liddellis burssis within the colledge of this burghe, sail v/ear a blak gowne 
and black bonnet both on the streittes, and in the kirk and colledge during thair four 
yeiris in philosophic to the effect they may be knawin be thair habite to be bursares, And 
if any salbe fund defective heirin, in not haveing and wearing of the said blak gowne and 
bonnet, to be depryveit of his burss fra thane furth ipso facto" (T. C. R., lii. 181, Cf. 
" Ordinance anent bursars," Oct. 26, 1642, lii. 763). 

" Dec. 21, 1636. 

" The samen day The Provost Baillies and Counsell with advyse and consent of 
Johne Liddell brother german and air to vmqll doctor Liddell, continewis mr John Ray 
ane of the Regentis of the college of this burghe with his burss of Petmedden for this 
present yeire allanerlie to wit quhill Lambes nixt to come, and siclyke gives and grantis 
ane othir of the samen burss of Petmedden to mr John Settoun regent for this present 
yeire also for teaching the principles of mathematicques in the said college at the directioun 
and appoyntment of doctor mr Willeame Johnstoun professor in respect thair is not ane 
of these who have beine bursares qualefeit to teach the same" (T. C. R., lii. 319). 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. I3I 

XVII. 

Dr. Duncan Liddell by his latter 7vtll and testament confirms his mortification 
of the lands of Fitmedden, and further bequeaths to the Council the 
sum of six thousand merks for the endowment of a Professorship of 
Mathematics. ()th December, 161 3. 

Be it kend to all men be thir present wreatt Me Mr Duncane Liddell 
doctor of medicine knowing nothing to be more certaine than death 
and the houre therof maist vncertaine perfyt in mynd to have made 
my testament and latter will as followis And remembering therwith 
that schooles and weill foundat colledges are treu seminaries of 
baith kirk and commonweill and being myndfull of my wow and 
promeis maid to my Gracious God in tyme of greit perrills and 
dangeris quherof he of his gracious goodnes releivit me Be the quhilk 
I promeist to bestow ane great part of that moyane quhilk I had 
atteined to or sould attaine vnto dureing my lyftyme for mantenance 
and learning of scholleris in colledgis and schooles and speciallie of 
new Abd the towne of my nativitie Thairfor for performance of 
my laufull wow I have alreadie assignit and disponed and be thir 
presentis assignis and dispones to be mortifiet for mantenance of six 
bursoris in the colledge of new Abd sa lang as the same standis 
ane colledge of philosophic and fail3ieing therof to the colledge of 
auld Abd and fail3ieing of thame baith to the grammer schoole of 
the hurt of Abd the landis of Petmedden quhilks I conqueist fra the 
laird of Wardes This mortificatione of these landis of Petmedden 
sail be found in my kist in the toune of Edr within the house of 
Jo" Hammiltoune apothecar quherof Mr Thomas Nicolsone commissar 
of Abd has the key to quhom and the counsall of new Abd I committ 
the performance of the said mortificatione quhilks landis of Petmedden 
mortified be me as said is sen the said mortificatione I with advyss 
has fewit to George Strachane of Glithnot for yeirlie payment of 
fourscore four bolls victuall halfe meall halfe malt for payment of the 
yeirlie few-dewtie awand furth of the saids lands to his maiestie to wit 
sex pounds besydis the teynd silver to the persoune extending to 
aught pounds And efter my deceis quhen it sail pleise god to call me 
to himselfe out of this vaile of miserie the saids sex bursoris salbe 



132 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

susteinit dureing the space of sex yeires wpon the dewties and 
fermes of the saids lands of Petmedden in maner following That 
is to say dureing the first four yeires of the saidis sex yeires quhilk is 
the vsuall tyme they pass maisteris and the tuo last yeires of the 
saids sex yeires to exerceis and teach the inferiour seidges in Arith- 
metick and the first book of Euclide and spheare And also in hope 
ther be erectit ane Seminarie of divinitie and vther faculties in Abd 
quhairin they may further learning and not to receave the name of Mr 
in vaine as wee see many The first four yeires quhill they pass 
ther courssis everie ane sail receave fourteine bolls victuall halfe 
meill halfe malt conforme to the vse of the saids lands of Petmedden 
the fyft yeir fourteine bolls victual and tuelfe merkes moe the 
sjxt yeir fourteine bolls victual and ten pounds moe And 
for better performing of my said wow and mantenance of letters I 
have left assignit and disponit and be thir presentis leavis assignis and 
dispones the soume of six thousand merkis of this realme of the 
debtis and soumis of money abovewrittin quhilk soume of six thousand 
merkes I will and ordaine that the counsall of new Abd & Mr 
Thomas Nicolsone he beand on lyve imploy and bestow wpon land 
and vther sufficient securitie and the profeit and anvelrent of 
the said sowme of six thousand merkes to be bestowit be thame 
as followis for mantenance of ane learned professor of mathe- 
matickes weill versed in Euclide Ptolemye Copernik Archimede 
alijsque mathematicis gif possible he can be hade within this 
countrie and give sick ane man cannott be hade to tak the 
learnedest man that can be hade or gottin and give more be seekand 
that place than one then let them all disput for it in all pairtis of 
mathematicks and he that is best to have the place for that yeir and 
the nixt thrid or fort yeir the vorthiest efter disputatione in mathe- 
maticks to have the said place The said professor sail teache in the 
third and fourth class Theorias Planetarum cum calculo coelestium 
motuum doctrinam sinuum et triangulorum opticam computum 
Ecclesiasticum et Geographiam and by this shall have diligent cair 
and ouersight of the bursoris of Petmedden and of the tuo teaching 
bursors that they diligentlie teach dureing their last tuo yeires of 
ther sex yeires as said is and give ane learned man be found as said 
is his stipend to be foure hundreth merks yeirlie and give he 



l6l3.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. 1 33 

teaches fyve or six tymes in the week to wit once or tuyce in 
everie seige or in tuo seidges togither thryse in that meane tyme 
quhil ane or tuo of the saids bursoris be maid Mrs and abil to teach 
as said is the said Professor sail have ane bursors dewtie by his ordinar 
stipend Bot gif ane perfyit mathematicus cannot be gottin he of 
meaner gifts sail have tuo or three hundreth merks be the sight 
of the counsall of Abd and Mr Thomas Nicolsone if he be onlyve 
and for everie lesson the said Professour omitts to teache he sail 
want XX s of his stipend And as to the superplus of the yeirlie profite 
and annuell rent of the said sex thovsand merks by and attour the 
stipend of the said professor the same salbe bestowit and employit 
be advyse forsaid for mantenence of my librarie of bookes and biblio- 
theck quhilk I destinat leaves and mortifies to the said Colledge of new 
Abd sa lang as it remaines ane Colledge and fail3ieing therof to 
the Colledge of auld Abd to be augmentit yeirlie with new books 
of most ancient mathematicks globis and instruments and thir haill 
books to be weill keipit and yeirlie visited be the said counsall of Abd 
the said Mr Thomas Nicolsone and Mr Williame Andersone they 
beand onlyve And give they be misvsed my nearest freinds sail 
intromeit therew' for ther bairnes sustentatione and learning The 
yeirlie augmentatione of the said librarie not to exceid xx merks 
and the rest of the profeit of the said sex thowsand merkes to be 
yeirlie givin and destribute wpon mooneday after witsonday among 
the poor all as followis to witt tuelfe merkes to the poore scholers of 
the Colledge and grammer schoole of the said hurt and aught merks 
to the common poore of the said newtoune of Abd The receaving 
and planting of the saids Bursoris of Petmeddene to be and beginne 
as followis efter the saids lands of Petmedden mortifiet be me as 
said is beis confirmit be his maiestie to the colledge as said is then 
tuo bursoris sail enter at the next hallowmes therefter And also 
the said professour of mathematicks with ane command from his 
maiestie or his counsall to place the professour of mathematicks above 
the regents and give him ane ordinarie houre to teiche As also the 
tuo teiching bursoris in the first tua seidges commanding the 
scholleris to heir and obey them vtherwayes my institutione will 
serve for no purpois everie bursore sail enter ane yeirlie efter ane 
vther vntill the haill sex bursoris be placeit ay and whill the places 



134 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

of the saids sex bursores be filHt I ordaine my brother John Liddell 
and my sistere Hellen Liddell to have equallie betuixt them ane 
chaulder of victuall halfe meille halfe malt yeirlie of the fermes of the 
saids lands of Petmedden and with the superplus good books globis 
and other mathematicks instruments salbe coft or then to be im- 
ployit be advyse forsaid wpon ane learned physiciane to teich once in 
the week physiologica anatomica and the saids bursoris nawayes to 
be resavit within the said colledge befoir they be fyfteine yeires of age 
and have learned his grammer with vsuall authoris with ane be- 
ginning of his greek grammer First of all gif my said brother Johne 
has ane laufull sone or successione abill for the colledge he salbe 
reseavit before anie vther Secondlie my sisters sones or successione 
without all exceptation hot the eldest and learnedst first Thirdlie 
in inlack of thir vthers salbe admittit as the sone of him who has 
in few the saids lands of Petmeddenne gif he be qualified or ony 
honest merchandis or craftismens sones of new Abd with that con- 
ditione that they be of good engyne and of the age and learning as 
is befoirwreitten and give manie be desyrand of this place the 
learnedst salbe preferrit efter disputatione And because sick benefitts 
in sundrie colledges has beene abusit these yeires bypast my will 
and desyre is that the inspectione of this benefit be not onlie 
committed to the principall and maisteris of the Colledgis bot to the 
counsell of new Abd the saids Mr Thomas Nicolsone and John Liddell 
my Brother and fail3ieing of the said Johne to the nearest of my 
kinsmen with the assistance of the bischop of Abd for the tyme he 
being ane man addictit to the advancement of learning and lettres and 
the bursoris and the professor of mathematicks salbe censured yeirlie 
att Lambmes be the patrons forsaids and gif anie of the saids bursoris 
be of evill conditiones and not qualifiet for learning they salbe 
removit from that place with the conditione that if they be of my 
brother or sisters successioun they sail receave ane yeires burse to 
put him to ane craft The bursoris sail weare ane grave habit as 
ane black gowne ane black bonnet or hatt At the bursoris entrie 
he sail promeis to be thankfull for his benefite and efter his power 
quhen he is abill to doe for himselfe to assist the saids patrones and 
labour that this benefite be not abused bot sail imploy all his 
moyane give mister be for mantenance therof quhilk promise they 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. I35 

sail publictlie repeit in the act quhen they ar maid masters with 
thanksgiving to the kingis matie for granting therof and to him 
wha foundit the samen and ane prayer to god to excitate good 
princes and subjects for advancement of learning vv^'in this realme 
And for this cause the eldest bursor quhen he is past his sex yeires 
sail colledgio et accademiae oratione publica valedicere regique et 
fundatoribus colledgij et beneficiorum gratias agere et post mortem 
regis ei parentare suae memoriam virtutem et benemeritorum parentis 
patrie hujus nostre recolere et celebrare with ane supplicatione to . 
God to preserve his successione in this kingdome The day before 
the oratioun this bursor sail invite be ane epistle affixt on the kirk 
and colledge doores the haill learned men within baith the tounes 
as also the schollaris of the colledges and grammer schoolles to 
mak verse on the same argument and he that makes best verses sail 
resave three pounds cum corona ex floribus the grammarier that 
makes best verse sail resave xl s cum corona ex floribus he that 
makes best latine and greik orationes his revard salbe taken off the 
rentis of the saids lands of Petmedden and this certamen in poesie 
and oratorie to be yeirlie tuo day befoir the promotione of Mrs be 
maid and he quha is best learned in mathematicks ex magistrandis 
sail admonish the haill schollers of baith the tounes to affixt verses 
as said is and the Mrs of the saids bursoris who is found best in 
mathematicks to receave efter he is made mr ane compas and ane 
reull as ane token of his excellencie the expenssis theiroff to be taken 
out of the lands of Petmedden And this my mortificatione I will 
to be , inviolablie keepit and observit in all poynts as heirin is sett 
doune and give this my benefite be any wayis abused that than ony 
of my brother or sisters successione sail have powar to appropriat 
the rentis forsaids to ther awne vse for mantenance of ther bairnes 
and ther educatione in learning & helping in mariage till the colledgis 
and schooles be put in good order againe And give my kinsmen 
be negligent or remiss heirin anie townismen in new Abd sail have 
the lyk power with my brother and sisters sones in the said benefite 
of Petmedden and give anie abuse be committit as said is or anie 
wrong or deids of oppressione to be done to the tennents of Pet- 
meddenn that than I will that an help and patrocine of my lord of 
Engzie be sought and imploirit quha for the favour he beares to letters 



136 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [16x3. 

will not refuiss his assistance and concurrance therto according to his 
promeis And give ane learned mathematicus can not be had I will 
that ane or tua hundreth punds be given to ane learned physitiane 
to teach ance or tuyce in the week wntill ane learned mathematicus 
be gottin And this my mortificatione and dispositione maid be me 
in maner above specifeit to stand guid and effectual in all poynts and 
articulls theroff as is declairit but anie alteratione And to that effect 
the same may stand in all tyme comming as ane solide valid and 
ane perpetuall mortificatione the said Johne Liddell my brother 
appeirand as for him his aires and assignayes has ratified and ap- 
provit the same and be thir presentis ratifies and approves the same in 
all poynts and articles thairof obleidges himself and his forsaids never 
to cum in the contrair heirof nor yet to impugne nor quarrell the 
same in anie tyme comming * 

Thus having disponit and ordoured my worldie busines remem- 
bering I am verie seik in bodie hot haill and perfect in mynd and 
that I am to depart this present lyfe at the guid pleasour of god quhen 
it sail please his godlie maiestie to call me out of this vaile of miserie to 
himselfe the houre and tyme knawin to him and wnknawin to me 
Therfoir I leave my soule to god creatour therof and my bodie to 
be honourablie buried in Sanct Nicolas kirk of Abd And constitutes 
and nominates the said Johne Liddell my brother mr David Ruther- 
fuird Wm Lowsone Allexander Jaffray and the said mr Thomas 
Nicolson or onie thrie of them my executors testamentars haill and 
vniversall intrometters with my guids geir and debtis above specifeit and 
ordaines them to fulfill and accomplish this my mortificatione latter will 
and legacie above specifeit in all poynts as is above specifeit as they 
will answer to god And that efter my departing this lyfe they cause 
mr Gilbert Gray principall of the colledge of new Abd to mak and pro- 
nounce publictlie ane funerall oratione in latine and my saids executors 
to give him for his paines ane rose nobill t And lykwayes my saids 
executors sail cause erect tua monuments ane in the toune of Petmed- 

* Here follow legacies to his brother John, sisters Jeane and Helen, nephews, nieces 
and others. 

+ This oration was pronounced 23rd December, 1613. It was printed at Edinburgh 
by Andro Hart in 1614. Poetical eulogies are subjoined, among which is an apotheosis 
of eight pages by David Wedderburn, Wedderburn, the Poet Laureate of Aberdeen, 



I6l3.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. 137 

den with this inscriptione Anno a nato Christo 1614 authoritate regis 
ordinisque regni hujus villam agrosque de Petmedden sex alumnis 
literarum studiosis in accademia Aberdonensi dicavit confirmavitque 

obtained, 6th February, 1620, a salary of 80 merks yearly from the Town Council, for which he 
undertook to teach a weekly lesson of Humanity in the College, and " to compose in Latin 
both prose and verse whatever purpose or theme, concerning the common affairs of the 
Burgh, either at home or afield, that he shall be reqiiired by any of the magistrates or Clerk ". 
In the Apotheosis we have a curious specimen of his powers of panegyric. 

As a guardian angel is conveying a soul to the upper regions an anxious enquiry as to 
the owner is begun among the Saints. At the mention of Liddell's name all doubt is set at 
rest : his fame has preceded him, 

Animce nam prcevia fama 
lam prius CBthereas superum penetraverat cedes. 

But to make it clear with what special honour Heaven's gate is to be unlocked on this 
occasion, Christ comes forward and makes a speech. 

The life of man. He points out, is short and uncertain, yet too often spent in 
disputation instead of in acts of faith. Man revives the crime of his first parent, 

praecepsque ruit dum scire laborat. 
But here is one who has not followed the example of the common herd, whose life from his 
youth upwards has been fruitful of good works. 

Et quia nulla Venus, nulli hunc fiexere hymenal, 

the Saint Virginitas shall introduce him to the mansions of the blessed, supported on the 
one hand by Simplicitas, on the other by Sobrietas. 

Liddell meanwhile has been making good use of his time on the other side of the gate. 
Being nearer the constellations than ever he was in his lifetime, he marks them well: 
the lofty Way, lactea nomen habet, Watery Orion, the Hyades, Perseus, Erigone, thy Waggons 
Bootes, etc., 

studioque indulget, utrinque 
Assueta in varias classes dum digerit arte. 
But the old man's meditations are interrupted by Virginitas, who seizes him in her 
arms, presses him to her bosom and imprints kisses, 

pura 
Oscula, nee fcedas animi exhalantia sordes, 
on his lips. She congratulates him on his continence. Nothing has prevailed to tempt him 
from the paths of purity, 

non lubrica cerni 
Lumina, non sobolis spes ulla incerta futures. 
Entering the celestial portals, they are met by the heathen muse Urania, who raises an 
important question. Rest and eternal reward have been assigned to Liddell, but in what 
particular region of Heaven is he to enjoy these blessings? Among the Mathematicians, 
suggests Urania, 

ut quibus artibus ilium 
■ Evexi has vicibus gratis iterum evehat artes. 
This proposal is, however, warmly opposed by Hygiaea, who deems the Doctors more 

S 



138 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

Duncanus Liddelius medicinae doctor* Ane other salbe erectit in 
the kirk of new Abd as Mr Thomas Nicolsone and the counsall of 
new Abd think is expedient f the expenssis taken off the lands of 
Petmedden to doe the same and to bestow wpon my funeralls and 
destributione to the poor the sowme of -ane hundreth pounds And 
this my latter will dispositione and mortificatione to be extended in 
ample and autentick forme and because thir presents are maid wpon 
ane suddentie keipand the substantiall heids therof and redactit 

honourable company, and extols Liddell's medical abilities, mentioning the honours they had 
acquired for him upon Earth. 

The dispute is referred for decision to Christ, who commissions the saint Munificentia 
to settle the matter. She, after spending some time in looking alternately at Liddell and at 
Christ, pronounces an oration, in which she takes credit to herself for the liberality of her 
hand and of her words, and declares that she is neither awed by servile fear nor overpowered 
by bashfulness when she suppresses the many topics that occur to her, leading to a decision 
of the controversy between Urania and Hygiaea. Long-winded speeches and subtle disputes 
are not the proper business of the AiiimcE SacratcE. She therefore prefers to ignore the 
other's pretensions, and to claim Liddell as her own. His Munificence is as famous as his 
Mathematics or his Medicine. The Earl Marischal, nobilis Keytheius heros, had laid the 
foundations of the College, and Johnston had yielded his aid, but it remained for Liddell to 
exalt the Lycaeum from its humble origin to the very Heavens, to make its head to touch the 
clouds. His place is therefore amidst Benefactors. 

Hactenus ilia, probant superi, fremituque secundo 

Ducitur ad catiis tandem Liddelus amicos. 

* The monument, which is in an excellent state of preservation, stands in the middle of 
a field about a mile to the north of Pitmedden House, not far from the railway station. It 
bears the above inscription * on the north side. On the south : Mterna memoricE Domini 
Dvncani LiddelliM.D. Civ. Abd, monvmentvm hoc adificari cvravit Senatvs Abredonensis A. Do 
i637.t On the west : the arms aud motto of the city of Aberdeen. On the east : the arms of 
Liddell flanked by the letters D.D.L., and having underneath the motto Sic Luceat Lvx Vestra. 
The arms are : On a bend between a mastifPs (?) head in chief and a greyhound's (?) head in 
base both couped, three stars. On the Marischal College ceiling {supra, p. 118) the field and 
stars were argent, the heads and bend (which was sinister) were gules. On the " broad " 
{supra, p. 114) the field is gules, the bend (dexter) argent, the heads (erased) or, and the stars 
sable. In all three representations, as also in that on the brass {supra, p. 122), the two heads 
are different, but it is not quite clear to what animals they belong. Stodart {Sc. Arms, ii. 
301) notes the forms: On a bend between an eagle's (?) head in chief and an otter's (?) head in 
base both erased, a mullet (Liddell of Halkertoun, 1594) ; On a bend between a bird's head 
erased in chief and a horse's head couped on base, three mullets (Liddell of Hammer, 1681). 

t See note supra, p. 122, and entry for 2nd September, 1618, in Town Council Register, 
Vol. xlviii., p. 507. 

• Ordinvm and donavit in place of ordinis and dicavit. 
t See entry for gth November, 1636, T. C. R., lii. 312. 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. 1 39 

in autentick form of testament In witnes quherof I have subcriuit the 
samen with my awin hand and with the hand of the said Johne 
Liddell my brother and appeirand air in token of his ratificatione 
approbatione and consent thairto and obleidgment above specifeit 
Wreitten be W" Craigheid servitour to Walter Rotsone clerk deput of 
the said bur' quherof I have taken instrument in the hands of Mr 
Thomas Molyssone common clerk of Abd At Abd the nynt day of 
December 1613 yeires and befoir the witnesses forsaids et sic subscr 

M*" Duncane Liddell 

Johne Liddell consentis with my hand 

W*" Lowsone bail3ie witnes 

Thomas Forbes 

Robert Johnstone bail3ie witnes 

M' Gilbert Gray witnes 

M"" W"" Gray witnes 

Patk Barbour witnes 

W" Craigheid wreitter and witnes 

From Copy Testament Testamentar extracted from the Commissary 
Records of Aberdeen (in which the deed was registered on the 
day of its execution) and entered in ** The Bulk of Register ".* 

* The Commissary Records, and the original deed, were destroyed by fire, 30th 
October, 1721. In accordance with the provisions of the Acts, 8 Geo. I., cap. 27, and 
9 Geo. I., cap. 25, the will was re-registered (from an extract) in the Commissary Court 
on i8th February, 1723. Another copy is entered in the Town Council Register, Vol. li., p. 577. 

The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to this Mortification is as follows :— 
«• The Compt of the money mortifiet be vmqil Mr Duncan Liddell Doctor of Medicine to ane 
Professor of Mathematiques within the New College of Abd sic as the same extendit 
to at the feast of Martimes 1617. 
Imprimis restand in the handis of Robert Innes of Ballweny Alexr Skene of that 
ilk and Adame Duff of Wasterardbreck his cationeris conforme to thair 
band to be payit at Martimes 1617 Ane thousand thrie hundreth 33 lib 6s 8d 

Item in the hands of Willeiam Straqn of Tibbertie and Andrew Gray at the mylne 

of Fouerane his cationer iiij<=iij lib vjs viijd 

Item in the handis of Robert Burnet Robert and George Cruickshankis his cationeris 
conforme to thair band qlk thay payit at the said terme of Martimes 1617 

Tua hundreth tuantie punds 
Item in the handis of Thomas Paitersone and James Mathosone conforme to thair 

bond qlk they payit to the Comptar at the terme foirsaid ane hundreth punds 



I40 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. . [1613. 

Item in the hands of Johnne Forbes of Petsligo and John Forbes at the mylne 
of Melguin his cationer qlk was lykwayis payit at the said terme 

ane hundreth threttie thrie lib vjs 8d 

Item in the hands of George Straqn feuar of Pettmedden conforme to ane act in 

the buikis qll^ is payit be Willeame Buchan in his name tua hundreth punds 

Item in the hands of Johnne Liddel and his cationeris 

Thrie hundreth thrie scoir sextein lib xs 

Item in the hands of Johnne Keythe of Carnetradlen and Robert Keyth his 
cationer qlk wes lykwayis payit be thame at Martimes 1617 

Thrie hundreth threttie thrie lib 6s 8d 

Item in the hands of George Ricard thesr qlk he resauit from the baillies the yeir 

bygane at the terme foirsaid vcxiiij lib xiijs 4d 

Item restand in the tounes handis, qlk wes borrowit to pay a pairt of the chairgis 

in passing of the tounes new infeftment Tua hundreth pundis 

Item the anual rent and profite of the said thrie thowsand aucht hundreth fourteine 
pundis ten sh fra the said terme of Martimes 1617 to Martimes 1618 ex- 
tendis to iijciiijxx Hb 

Item the superplus of the fermes of Pettmedden of the crop 1617 attour the thrie 
burssis extendis to tuantie sex bolls victuall qlk wes sauld for the soume 
of ane hundreth punds 

Item resauit from Willeame Buchane in name of George Straqn for four yearis 
byrun few dewtie of the landis of Pettmedden restand vnpayit be the said 
George to his Maiesties Thesr Twantie four pundis 

Summa of the haill charge is four thowsand thrie hundreth auchteine lib ten sh 

DiSCHAIRGE AND EXONERATIOUN. 

Imprimis debursit in chequer for four yeiris byrun few dewtie of the landis of Pet- 

medden conforme to the aeque of cheker producet heirwith xxiiij lib 

Item debursit in cheker for productioun of the tounes infeftment of Pitmedden vj lib xiijs iiijd 
Item to the Clerkis of cheker for the aeque of the four yeiris compt extending yeirlie 

to four punds is xvj Hb 

Item to the blak buik yeirlie the said four yeiris ilk yeir threttie shs is vj lib 

Summa debursit in cheker lij lib xiijs ^d 

Item to James Mowat for registratioun of the tounes saising of Pettmedden in the 

Clerk of Register's register x lib xiijs 4d 

Item to his servand in drink-siluer xxs 

Item for ane skyn of parchemount quhairon the saising of Pitmedden wes extractit xxvjs viijd 
Item debursit to the said James Mowat for purchessing the Archbishop of Sanct 
Androus seall to the pro"rie of resignatioun of the teyndis of Petmedden 
and for wther debursmentis at the sealling thairof xv lib is viijd 

Item to Mr John Touche for the Bischop of Abredeineis seall to the said pro''rie 

vj lib xiijs iiijd 
Item for the commoun seall of the chepture of Abdn to the said pro"rie xlvjs viijd 

Item given to Thomas Crombie Writtar to the signet registering the Laird of 
Tibbeirtie and Androw Grayis band in the buikis of Counsall and for 
raising letteris of horning thairwpoun to chairge thame for payment of the 
four hundreth punds restand be thame to the said mortefiet siluer iiij lib xiijs 4d 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. I4I 

Item to the post that brocht hame the saidis letteris vis 

Item to Mr Williame Andersone Shirreff Clerk of Aberdeen, for preceptis of arreist- 

ment to arreast the fermes of Petmedden in the tenentis handis ixs 

Item to the said Thomas Crombie for raising ane sumoundis of exhibitioun and 
registratioun of the decreit arbitrall on the marches of Pitmedden aganis 
the Laird of Caskiben and Mr James Ross vj lib xiijs iiijd 

Item giwen to adwocattis in Edr for thair consultatioun and advyise to the making 
of the charter ot mortificatioun of Petmedden in fawors of the Bursaris 

xxvj lib xiijs iiijd 
Summa lateris Ane hundreth tuentie aucht punds ten s 

The charge being four thousand thrie hundreth auchtein lib ten s 

So testis of frie money at Martimes 1618 the sowme of 

four thousand ane hundreth fourscoir ten punds 



Followis the names of the persones in quhais hands the said mortifiet silver is 
presentlie restand to be payit at Martimes nixt 1618 
In the handis of Robert Innes of Balweny Alexander Skeyne of that ilk and 
Adame Duff of Waster Arbreck his cationeris conforme to thair band 

Ane thowsand thrie hundreth xxxiij lib vjs 8d 
Item in the handis of Mr Johnne Cheyne of Arnage and James Cheyne of Pet- 
feuchie his sone George Settoun of Schethin and Thomas Skeyne of 
Raniestoun thair cationeris aucht hundreth thriescoir sex lib xiijs iiijd 

In the handis of Robert Burnet George Cruickshank and Johnne Schort his 

cationeris conforme to thair band iiijciijxxvj lib xiijs iiijd 

In the handis of Johne Liddell Johne Mitchell eldar and Johnne Mitchell youngar 

his cationeris conforme to thair band iiijc lib 

In the handis of Andro Gray at the mylne of Fouerane Harie Gordoun in Haddo 
Alexr Keyth in Newburghe and Robert Gray sone to Patrick Gray 
burges of Abd his cationeris conforme to their band iiijciij lib vjs viijd 

In the handis of Mr Robert Lumisden of Auchinleck and Robert Keythe burges 

of Abd his cationer conforme to thair band icxxxiij lib vjs viijd 

In the handis of George Ricard thesaurar fund restand be him at the fute of the 
compt of the mortifiet siluer intromettit with be him during the yeir of 
his office and appoyntit to be payit be him to the Intrant the samen at 
Martemes nixt to fill vp the said doctor Liddellis mortificatioun pro tanto 

fyve hundreth punds 
Item in the handis of Mr Johne Mortimer deane of gild qlk he is ordanit to pay in 
pairt of payment of the rest of his deane of guild compt this present yeir 
to compleit and fill wp doctor Liddells mortificatioun 

fourscoir sex punds thretteine s four d 
Summa totius extendis to the sowme of four thousand ane hundred fourscoir ten punds " 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1617-18. 

In 1704 part of the funds of Dr. Liddell's Mortification for a Professor of Mathematics, 
*tc., Dr. James Cargill's for bursars, Patrick Copland's for a Professor of Divinity, Sir 
Thomas Crombie's, Alexander Jaffray's, and Dr. Guild's, for non-academic purposes, was 



142 



MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. 



[1613. 



invested in the purchase of the undivided half of the barony of Torry. The purchase was 
made from Sir William Forbes of Monymusk, then proprietor of the undivided half, and the 
disposition was taken in favour of the Master of Mortifications for behoof of the six mortifica- 
tions. The barony remained undivided till 1785, when a submission was entered into with 
John Menzies of Pitfoddels, the heritable proprietor of the other half of the lands, with the 
result that the east half of the lands was taken over by the Master of Mortifications for his 
share. Shortly afterwards — viz., in 1786 — a start was made in feuing out the lands, and by 
1796 they were all disposed of by way of feu, including a strip known as the reserved ground, 
which was taken out for behoof of the Treasurer of Aberdeen. This transaction, in so far as 
regards the reserved ground, was in 1877 declared illegal by the House of Lords, and the ground 
reverted back to the Master of Mortifications for behoof of the various mortifications interested. 
The revenue is allocated proportionally among the mortifications according to the sum con- 
tributed by each towards the purchase price, and for convenience is divided into 100 parts 
of which — Dr. Liddel's interest is 27 parts. Dr. Cargill's (now the Bursary Fund) 10 parts, Pat. 
Copland's 12 parts, Alex. Jaflfray's 13 parts, Sir Thomas Crombie's 16^ parts,and Dr. Guild's 
21^ parts. The 27 per cent, credited to Dr. Liddel is again divided into 22 parts, of which his 
Mortification to the Professor of Mathematics receives 20 parts, and that to the University 
Library and the Poor of Aberdeen i part each. 

At the Union of the Universities in i860 the Account stood thus: — 
" I. Dr. Duncan Liddel's Balce 1859 Revenue Expends Bake i860 Stock 
Mortification — 10- 
I iths to a Professor of 
Mathematics in Ma- 
rischal College, and 
the remaining i-iith 
to the Library of the 
College and the Poor 

of Aberdeen equally 491 ^34 5 6 i33 12 9 5 i 10 3706 10 3 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 



But since the decision of the House of Lords the value of the endowment has been largely in- 
creased, and it now stands thus : — 



Do. 



do. 



271 13 9 271 13 9 o o o 7423 65" 
—Burgh Accounts, 1887-88. 



Note on the Professorship of Mathematics. 

The subsequent history of the Mathematical Chair may be traced in the following 
Extracts from the Town Council Register : — 

Oct. 27, 1619. 

The Prowest Baillies and counsall ordains George nicolson baillie to caus print the 
Edict seiking to the college a learned Mathematician and send copies thairoff to the 
Vniversities of Sanct Androis and Aberdein and to the CoHegis of Glasgw and Edinburght 
Becaus the counsall thinkis meit and expedient that the same be imprinted and sic as he 
deburssis thairon to be refoundit to him againe (T. C. R., xlix. 4x9). 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. HS 

Nov. 19, 1623. 

The Prowest, Baillies and counsall ordainis George Rickard thesaurer to give ane 
angell to Eduard Raban printer for recompence of his paines and labouris in printing 
fourscoir copies of the edict for the professour of mathematicques, quhilk is appointit to be 
serveit to the first day of Januar nixt to cum to be payit be the said thesaurer out of the 
profite of the moneyis mortefeit to the said professour, quhilk salbe allouit to the said 
thesaurer to his comptis (T. C. R., li. 77). 

May 3, 1626. 

The samen day the prouest baillies and Councell haveand consideratioun that no 
Scoiar of any worth wald wndertak the charge of the Mathematical! professioun fundat 
in the new College of this burght be wmquhill Mr Duncan liddell doctour in Phisick 
wpoun the meane gages and stipend alloted thairvnto be the said Doctour liddell To wit 
four hundreth merkes in the yeir at the most howbeit dyuers edictes hawe beine published 
to that effect And that now the moneyes left be the said Doctour liddell ar accresced to 
ten thousand merkes in stock,* out of the annuall whairof ane competent stipend may be 
furnest to ane learned man for wndertaking the said charge Thairfoir the saides Prouest 
baillies and Councell hawe nominat and chosin Mr Willeam Johnstoun Doctour in Phisick 
who is a learned scoiar weill qualified and expert in the mathematicques To be professour 
thairoff in the said College To whome thay appoint aucht hundreth merkes money to be 
giwen to him in yeirlie stipend so long as he continewes with the said professioun, and 
ordaines ane contract to be drawen wp betuixt the Councell and the said Doctour Johnstoun 
bearand the haill particular conditiounes of thair agriement with him Lykas the Councell 
giwes powar and commissioun to the Prouest baillies Deane of gild and thesaurer to agrie 
with him wpoun the conditiones And to bind and contract for the Councelles part 
Promittand to hauld firme and stabill, and the said Doctour Johnstoun Compearand 
personalie in Councell is Content to accept of the said Charge for the said stipend of Aucht 
hundreth merkes, for the space of ane yeir and longer as the Councell and he shall happin 
to aggrie thairanent Beginnin at the first day of Nouember nixt to come in this instant 
yeir of God 1626 yeires (T. C. R., li. 260). 

May 24, 1626. 

The Quhilk day Paull Meingzeis of Kynmwndie Prouest exhibite to the Councell the 
Contract past betuixt thame and Mr Willeam Johnstoun Doctour in Phisick anent the 
Mathematical! professioun fundat be wmquhill Doctour liddell in the new College of this 
burght, whilk Contract the Councell ordaines to be registrat in the townes buikes ad futuram 
rei memoriam whairof the tenour followes 

At Aberdene the tuentie thrid day of MaiJ the yeir of God im sex hundreth tuentie 
and sex yeires It is appointed and agriet betuixt the richt honorabill Paull Meingzeis of 
Kynmwndie Prouest of Aberdene Mr Alexander Cullan Robert Johnstoun Mr Alex Jaffray 
Mr Wedast Lowsone baillies of the said burght Mr Mathow lumisden Deane of Gild and 
Mr Robert farquhar Thesaurer of the said burght for thame selffes be wertew of thair saides 
offices and in name and behalff of the whole Councell of the said burght on the ane pairt, 
and Mr Willeam Johnstoun Doctour in Phisick on the wther pairt in substance and effect 
efter following That is to say fforsamekill as wmquhill Mr Duncan Liddell Doctour in 
Phisick of gude memorie, Out of the Lowe he careit to the said burght of Aberdene being 
• ijee entry for ist June, 1625 ; T, C. R., li. 175. 



144 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

the towne of his nativitie and out of his zeale to have learning floreshing within thair scoles 
be his latter will and testament Left the sowme of four thowsand merkes vsuall scottes 
money to be employed wpoun land and vther sufficient securitie be the Prouest Baillies 
and Councell of the said burght of Aberdene, and the annuelrent throf to be bestowed be 
thame for mantenance of ane learned professour of Mathematicques within the new College 
of the said burght Lyk as the said Doctour liddell hes giwen and committed the patronage 
presentatioun plantatioun and full admissioun of the said professour, with the administratioun 
and manageing of the saides moneyes, to the saides Prouest baillies and Councell of Aberdene 
and thair successoures for euer Quha for that effect receawed the said sowme of four thowsand 
merkes fra the executoures of the said Doctour Liddell at the feist of Witsonday in the yeir of 
God im sex hundreth and fyftein yeires And thay being most Cairfull conforme to the said 
charge and burding intrusted and laid wpoun thame be the said Doctour liddell, To sie his 
Godlie purpose and designe forsaid tak effect, And accordinglie to hawe the said professour 
planted and established within the said College efter the forme and ordour set doun in his 
latter will and testament The saides Prouest baillies and Councell causet publish dyuers 
Edictes in print, and causet serve and execute thame at all the Colleges and vniversiteis 
within the kingdome. Inviting all scolers that wer Capabill of the said professioun and wer 
desyrous to embrace the same vpoun the gages and stipend alloted thairvnto be the said 
Doctour liddell, To hawe Compeiret within the College of this burght at dyuers severall 
dyettes bygain to hawe wnderlyen tryall for the place and to hawe disputed for the same 
conforme to the fundatioun, Bot in respect the prouisioun and stipend allotted be the 
fundatour wes so meane To wit four hundreth merkes be yeir to the best Mathematician 
culd be had And thay of meaner giftes to hawe onlie tuo or thrie hundreth merkes be yeir, 
and withall such a laborious and toilsome task being injoyned to the professour be wertew 
of the fundatioun, Viz. to teache fywe or sex tymes everie week, no scolar of any worth 
wald condisend to accept of the charge for so meane a stipend as the most that wes allowed 
be the fundatioun rather yit to wndergo such a laborious and painfull task of teaching as 
thairin wes injoyned and preseryued whairthrow the place hes remained hitherto wnplanted, 
And the saides Prouest baillies and Councell by thair Cair and Industrie haveing brocht 
the saides moneyes to that perfectioun as that the samen ar now accresced with the byrwn 
annuelrentes thairoff to the soume of Ten thousand merkes in stock quhilk is all lyand in 
the handes of Sir Alexander Hay of Delgatie knicht wpoun a wadset of his landes and 
baronie of Ardendraucht So that out of the annualrent of the said stock ane competent 
prouisioun and stipend may be furnished to ane learned scollar that will wndertak the said 
professioun, And thay therfoir finding thame selffes bund in Deutie and Conscience to 
sie the gude intentioun and will of the defunct put in executioun causet writ to france 
for the said Doctour Johnstoun and bring him from thence to his native countrie being ane 
learned and worthie scollar weill skillet and qualifiet in Mathematicques and habill to 
wndertak the Charge of the said Mathematicall professioun, And with whome thay hawe 
agreit to accept the same in maner and wpoun the conditiounes efter following That is 
to say the saides Prouest baillies and Councell patrones forsaides nominates presentes and 
admittes the said Doctour Johnstoun to the said Mathematicall professioun fundat be the 
said Doctour Liddell within the said new College of Aberdene for the space of ane yeir 
nixt and immediatlie following the 'said Doctour Johnstoun hes entrie thairto, whilk sail 
be and begin God willing wpoun the first day of Nouember nixt to come in this instant 
yeir of God im sex hundreth tuentie and sex yeires and siclyk fra yeir to yeir thairefter 
so long as the said Doctour Johnstoun shall be pleased to continew thairwitb and giwe 



1613.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. 145 

contentment to the prouest baillies and Councell of the said burght for the tyme in the 
discharge of hes deutie in the said professioun, whairin gif he sail be fund deficient It 
is heirby declaired that as it is frie and lesome to him to demit and leave the said place 
at his pleasour efter yeir and day, So on the vther pairt wpoun defect of deutie on his 
pairt he remaining in the said place It shall be also in the will and powar of the Councell 
of the said burght for the tyme to remowe him thairfra and to mak choise of ane wther 
professour in his rowme at his [sic] pleasour as they sail find it Convenient for the gude 
of the College and advancement of the said professioun within the same Lyk as the said 
Doctour Johnstoun oblesses him selff to mak his actuall residence and remaining within 
the said burght of Aberdene dureing the whole tyme that he continewes with the said 
professioun, And to begin God willing to teache the said science of Mathematicques within 
the said College as ane frie professour vpoun the said first day of Nouember nixt to come 
and thairefter to teache and dytt tuo Mathematicall Lessones everie weik to the studentes 
of the said College and such vthers as pleases to be his auditoures to Lambes nixt thairefter, 
and so furth yeirlie to teach tuyse euerie week betuixt Hallowmes and Lambes so long 
as he Continewes with the said professioun, ffor the whilk caus the saides Prouest baillies 
and Councell Bindes and oblesses thame and thair successoures Prouest baillies and Councell 
of the said burght for the tyme. To thankfullie pay content and delyuer to the said Doctour 
Johnstoun zeirlie and ilk yeir so long as he continewes and abydes publict professour of 
mathematicques in the said College The soume of aucht hundreth merkes vsuall scottes 
money zeirlie at the feist of Witsonday the first yeires payment thairof beginnand at the 
feist of Witsonday in the yeir of God im sex hundreth tuentie and sevin yeires, And so 
furth zeirlie th^efter dureing the whole tyme of the said Doctour Johnstoun his remaining 
at the said Charge allannerlie for all stipend or any wther benefeit he may crawe for the 
said professioun dureing his continewance thairwith With the alwayes prouisioun that 
how soone the prouest baillies and Councell of the said burght shall by and Conques ane 
parcell of land to be mortified for the said Mathematicall professioun That than the said 
professour shall accept and content him selff with the mailles fermes and deuties of the 
said parcell of land in Compensatioun and full satisfactioun of the said stipend of aucht 
hundreth merkes, And the Councell and town fra thyn furth to be frie and exonerit of 
all payment of the said aucht hundreth merkes in all tyme threfter Thay alwayes giweing 
ordour for payment to the said professour of the rent of the saides landes And with Con- 
ditioun also that the said Doctour Johnstoun shall not be capabill of any vther professioun 
dignitie or office within the said College so long as he continewes professour of the 
Mathematicques except first he demit and overgiwe the said Mathematicall professioun 
and whole benefeit throf in the Councelles handes all fraud and guyll secludet. And for the 
more securitie the saides pairteis ar content and consentes that thir pwresentes be registrat 
in the buikes of Councell and Sessioun or burrow court buikes of Aberdene thairin to 
remain ad futuram rei memoriam and to have the strenth of ane act and decreit of any 
of the saides Judges with executorialles of horning vpoun ane single charge of ten dayes 
and all wther executorialles necessar to be direct thron in forme as efFeires and to that 
effect constitutes . . . thair laufuU Procuratoures Promittendo de rato Be thir presentes 
writtin be Mr George Robertsoun Writar in Aberdene and subscryuet be the saides pairteis 
day moneth yeir and place forsaides Befoir thir witnesses Walter Robertsoun commoun 
clerk of Aberdene Patrik Smyth and John Ingraham notares publict the said Mr George 
Robertsoun and Mr Patrick Dwn Doctour in Phisick Sic Subscribitur Paull Meingzeis 
Prouest Mr Alexander CuUen bailHe Robert Johnstoun baillie Mr Alex Jaffray baillie Mr 

T 



146 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

Wedast lowsone baillie M Lumysdane deane of Gild Mr Robert £arquhar thesaurer W 
Jonstoun D. Patrik Dune D. witnes Walter Robertsoun witnes Johne Ingraham witnes 
Mr George Robertsoun witnes Pa. Smith witnes (T. C. R., li. 261). 

Mar. 21, 1638. 

The said day Doctour Willeame Johnstoun professour of Mathematicques within the 
Colledge of this burghe Compeirand in presens of the Prouest Baillies and Couiisell wes 
earnestlie intreatit and desyrit be thame to contryve his Ordinar lecture of the mathe- 
maticques in a foure zeires course To the effect the studentis and heireres may hawe the 
commoun benefite at the change of everie course, as in other professiounes To the quhilk 
desyre The said Doctour Willeame Johnstoun most willinglie condiscendit and agriet and 
promeist so to do, albeit to his gryter paines as being most profitable for the schollares 
and studentis of mathematicques (T. C. R., lii. 375). 

yan, 13, 1641. Mr. William Moir, late bailie, is appointed to succeed Dr. William 
Johnston, deceased (lii. 611).* 

yuly 3, 1661. Mr. Duncan Liddell, nephew to Dr. Liddell, is, on his Majesty's recommen- 
dation, appointed to succeed Mr William Moir, resigned (liv. 270). 

Mar. 23, 1687. Mr. George Liddell is appointed professor, in respect of his father's 
" present inhabilitie " (Ivii. 250). 

May 8, 1706. Mr. George Liddell is deposed because of his fornication with Jean Bisset, 
and other offences (Iviii. 40). 

yune II, 1707. He is reponed (Iviii. 68).+ 

jfunc 13, 1716. Mr. George Liddell to be prosecuted for "several crymes and mis- 
demanners " (Iviii. 473). 

May I, 1717. He is deposed by the Commission of Visitation (Iviii. 530). A program is 
issued in the following terms : 

" Praefectus, Consules, Reliquusque Senatus Abredonensis, Bonarum artium studiosis S. 
Inter alias curas, quae nobis in hac Civitate Abredonensi, pro Republica, ex officio 
administranda, incumbunt, luventutis rite instituendse, rationem ut primas obtinere 
ducimus, ita de viris ingenio et probitate praecellentibus, qui id muneris recte 

* According to Sir Thomas Urquhart ( Tracts, ed. 1782, p. 126), Liddel, who succeeded Moir, 
was a candidate at this time. " Did the good men rulers at the helm there make any conscience of the 
honest doctor's latter will ? No, forsooth . . . for, say thay. Master Duncan hath committed the 
hainous sin of fornication and begot a young lass with child, therefore his uncle's testament must be 
made voide, in what relates to his enjoyment of that dotation. O brave logick, and curious com- 
mentary upon a latter will, for the better explanation of the mind of the defunct ! Which presbyterian 
doctrine, had it been in request in the days of Socrates, what fine pass would the world have been 
brought to ever since that time, by that ignorance which should have overclouded us through our 
being destitute of the works of Plato, Aristotle, and Euclid." 

+ " John Gordon, provost of Aberdeen, finding fault with Mr. George Liddel, professor of 
Mathematicks in the Marischal-College, turned him out of his post, and caused affix an edict upon 
the most patent door of the said College-gate, inviting all men to come and dispute for the said Mr. 
Liddel's post, assuring them of deiur digniori. But the said Mr. Liddel applied to the king's advocate, 
who assured him of his post ; so that there was no diet appointed for the dispute. One Dr. Thomas 
Bower came from London to dispute for it ; being disappointed, he protested against the magistrates of 
Aberdeen, for cost, skaith, and damage, &c." (Orem's Old Aberdeen, ed. 1791, p. 116). 



l6l3.] PROFESSORSHIP OF MATHEMATICS. 147 

obire et officio laudabiliter perfungi possint, seligendis, imprimis nos decet esse 
solicitos ; ne quid nostra incuria aut neglegentia ex hac prassenti nostra administra- 
tione Respublica in posterum detriment! patiatur. Quare rei Hterariae, turn potis- 
simum Mathematicarum scientiarum studiosos omnes monitos cupimus Professionem 
Mathematicam, a piae memorise Duncano Liddelio, Medicinae quondam Doctore, 
concive nostro, in Gymnasio Abredonensi institutam, honesto stipendio ab eodem 
annuo ditatam, virum qui earn provinciam sustinere possit desiderare. 
" Si quis huic oneri parem se sentit, et oblatam conditionem amplecti cupit, Vigesimo none 
die Mensis Augusti 1717 in publico Gymnasij Abredonensis Auditorio se sistat 
(cum Testimonijs Vitse integritatem, Orthodoxiam, et animum erga praesentem 
hujus Regni Constitutionem recte affectum ample indicantibus) ubi debito pro 
hoc munere suscipiendo, praehabito examine, editoque ad id ingenij specimine, 
ab hujus negotij procuratoribus (pro Liddelij suprema voluntate) digniori de- 
cernentur viKTjrrjpia, Nos vere pro Officio et Magistratu quem in hac Civitate 
gerimus, quaecunque a viris Patriae et Reipublicae studiosis sperari possunt hu- 
manitatis officia, ultra offerimus. Valete ; et in communem rem ope Consilioque 
concurrite. Datum Abredonias primo die Mensis Maij Anno Domini 1717 sub 
subscriptione Magistri Alexandri Thomson Secretarij nostri Sic subscribitur Al. 
Thomson." 
Sept. II, 1717. Mr. Colin M'Laurine, student of Divinity in the College of Glasgow, and 
Mr. Walter Bowman, son to Walter Bowman of Logic, undergo trial for the vacant 
chair, before Mr Charles Gregorie, professor of Mathematics, St. Andrews, and Mr. 
Alexander Burnet, Regent in King's College. The Examiners report : " They doe 
think that both the saids Mr John M'Laurine and Mr Walter Bowman are capable 
to teach the Mathematicks anywhere In most of the tryalls in the inferior pairts of 
the Mathematicks ther wes no great odds Only in Euclid Mr Bowman wes much 
readier and distincter, And in the last tryall Mr M'Laurine plainly appeared better 
acquainted with the speculative and higher pairtr, of the Mathematicks, And they 
conclude that they both excell in their own way, Mr Bowman only hath applyed 
himselfe to those things that are commonly taught and Mr M'Laurine hath made 
further advances So subscryvit Charles Gregorie Al. Burnet ". M'Laurine is 
accordingly appointed (Iviii. 555). 
Dec. 23, 1724. On consideration that M'Laurine has " been abroad and not attended to his 
charge for near thir three years," the Council appoint Mr. Daniel Gordon, one of 
the Regents " who had formerly taught Mathematicks at the University of St 
Andrews," to teach the class during the current session (lix. 151). 
jfan. 20, 1725. M'Laurine having returned, a Committee is appointed to confer with him 
anent " ist His going away without Liberty firom the Counsell. 2nd His being so 
long absent from his charge " (lix. 159). 
Apr. 27, 1725. M'Laurine appears before the Council, expresses regret, and is reponed 

(lix. 180). 
yan. 12, 1726. The Council, learning " by the Publict News Prints " that M'Laurine has 
been admitted conjunct professor with Mr. James Gregorie in the University of 
Edinburgh, declare his office vacant (lix. 225). 
jfan. 18, 1726. A committee is appointed to confer with the Masters of the College anent 
the vacancy (lix. 230). 



148 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1613. 

Feb. 23, 1726. M'Laurine intimates that he has sent his demission to the Masters 
(lix. 233). 

Feb. 23, 1726. The committee of Jan. 18 is increased and instructed not to allow "any 
Sight of the Toun's Registers to the Masters of the Colledge anent any former 
Admissions of Professors of Mathematicks, And that they should not be allowed 
to have any Extracts of such Admissions, But that the Communing upon both 
sides should be Viva voce, And only allowed the Magistrats to produce at the said 
meeting the old printed Programs " (lix. 233). 

Mar. 23, 1726. A program is issued similar to that of 1717 (lix. 240). 

jfune 8, 1726. Patrick Duff of Premnay presents a Commission of Substitution from his 
Majesty to vote at the ensuing election to the Mathematical Chair — " part of the 
patronage thereof being by the present Establishment and Laws of our Realm 
devolved upon our Crown ". The Commissioners to the Convention of Royal 
Burghs are enjoined to seek advice regarding this " (lix. 251). 

Aug. 23, 1727. After trial by Mr. Charles Gregorie, Mr. Alexander Burnet, and Mr. Daniel 
Gordon, Mr. John Stewart, son to Robert Stewart, late provost, is appointed (lix. 352). 
Mr. Alexander Charles, Advocate in Aberdeen, gives in a protest against the elec- 
tion on behalf of his son, George Charles, who " as a near Relation to the Mortifier 
ought to be prefer'd to the said office without disputing, seeing he is qualified ". 
The protest and answers made to it by the " Principall and Members of Rectorall 
meeting" are entered at length in the " Admission Book". 

Aug. 28, 1766. After trial by Prof. Vilant, St. Andrews, Prof. Thomas Reid, Glasgow, 
Prof. Gordon, King's Coll., and Prof. Skene, Marischal College, Mr. William Trail 
is chosen (Ixiii. 56). The unsuccessful candidates are Mr. Robert Hamilton, son to 
Mr. Gavvin Hamilton, bookseller in Edinbiurgh (afterwards the occupier of the chair); 
Mr. George Douglas, private teacher of Mathematics in Edinburgh ; Mr. John 
Playfair, student of Divinity, son to the Reverend Mr. James Playfair, Minister of 
the Gospel at Lifi" (afterwards Professor of Mathematics and of Natural Philosophy 
at Edinburgh) ; Mr. Adam Fullarton, one of the masters of the Grammar School 
of Aberdeen ; and Mr. Robert Stewart, eldest son of the deceased Professor 
Stewart. The arrangements for, and the scope of the examination, are detailed in 
the Minute. The examiners unanimously report Trail to be the best qualified 
candidate. The marks obtained were : Trail, 126; Hamilton, 119; Playfair, 90 ; 
FuUerton, 58 ; Stewart, 47 ; Douglas, 16. 

Sept, 3, 6, 1776. Dr. John Garioch is appointed Assistant and Successor to Dr. Trail 
(Ixiv. 85-6). 

April 8, 15, 16, 1779. Mr. Patrick Copland, Prot of Natural Philosophy, is chosen to 
succeed Dr. Trail, resigned (Ixiv. 164-6). 

Oct. 31, 1780. Professors Copland and Hamilton (Natural Philosophy) propose to exchange 
classes and duties, and the Council consent (Ixiv. 210). 

May 31, 1817. They formally exchange offices. Dr. Hamilton being elected Prof, of 
Mathematics by the Council (Ixx. 124). 

yune 5, 1817. Mr. John Cruickshank, Preacher of the Gospel, is appointed Assistant and 
Successor to Dr. Hamilton (Ixx. 127). Dr. Hamilton died 1829; and Mr. Cruick- 
shank held office till the Union of the Colleges in i860. 



1614.] JAMES CARGILL'S BURSARIES. I49 

XVIII. 

James Cargill by his latter will and testament bequeaths to the Magistrates 
and Council, inter alia, the sum of four thousand merks for the 
mainten a nee of four poor scholars. 1 6 1 4. * 

Mar. 13, 1616. 
The said day in presence of the Prouest Baillies and Counsell 
of this hurt of Aberdene convenit in thair Counsalhous Compeirit 
Dauid Cargill burges of the said burghe executor testamentar nominal 
and confermit to vmqll Maister James Cargill doctor of medicine 
his brother germane And produceit in presens of the saidis Provest 
Baillies and Counsell the iust extract of that pairt of the said vmqll 

* '^ Liddelium sequatur Jacobus Cargillus, Medicina etiam Doctor, ex Patre Thoma, 
melioris notae Mercatore Abredonensi, oriundus. Hie quatuor mercarum millia, totidem 
Philosophic studiosis alendis legavit ; pecuniam, quam ipse corpora sanando laudabiliter 
comparasset, animorum morbis tollendis consecrans. Mille praeterea publicas Grammati- 
corum Scholae, amplamque Xenodochio Eleemosynam erogavit." Smith's Oratio, p. 17. 
" Cos tulit Hippocratem, Galenum Pergama, tantis 
Una fuit nimium patriae stricta viris. 
lactat utrique pares tamen Abrtedonia civis, 

Dunaeum Medicum Liddeliumque suum. 
Cargillum adjicias, urbis ni fallor alumnos 

Unius tales patria nulla tulit. 
Tantaque non dubito si fert tria lumina tellus 
Quin coelum soles possit habere duos." 
— Dr. William Johnston in Liddel's Ars Conscrvmidi Sanitatem, 1651. 

" Of Dr. yames Cargill, oi Aberdeen, I can produce no material anecdotes, though he 
merits particular remembrance ; since it is manifest, from the nature of his communications 
to his friends, both on the continent, and at home, that he must have been extremely well 
acquainted with the botany of the age. There is sufficient evidence that he had studied 
botany and anatomy at Basil, during the time that Casper Bauhine held the professorship in 
these sciences, for whom a chair was erected in that city in 1589. This celebrated professor 
enumerates Dr. Cargill among those who transmitted seeds and specimens to him. 
Gesner records the same services on his part. At home, Lobel, in his ' Adversaria,' 
acknowledges the like communications, and repeatedly speaks of him in very respectable 
terms, as a philosopher, and as well skilled in the sciences of botany and anatomy. He 
appears to have been living in the year 1603 ; at which time he sent to Caspar Bauhine 
specimens of the Fucus digitatus, with the description, which is seen in the ' Prodromus ' of 
that author [page 154]. I know not of any publication from Dr. Cargill." Pulteney's 
Sketches of the Progress of Botany in England. London: 1790. Vol. ii., p. 2. 

Cargill's arms appeared on one of the panels in the heraldic ceiling {supra, pp. 114, 118) 
as, Gules three birds [? martlets] argent. On the "broad" the birds resemble ravens. 



ISO MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1614. 

maister James his letter Will and Testament berand his Leegacis 
Left and mortifiet be him to the poore hospital! grammer schoole and 
puir scholaris within the said burghe of Abd In forme and vpon con- 
ditiounes mentionat in the said Legacie quhairof the tennor followis 
Item I leave to the Sessiones poore of new Aberdeine to 
be mortifiet thrie hundreth merkes Item to the hospitall of new 
Aberdeine to be mortifiet fyve hundred merkes quhairof the annual! 
Thomas Marr sail absolutelie inioy during his lyftyme Item to the 
Maister of the grammer schoole of new Aberdeine to be mortified fyve 
hundreth merkes for the annuel! quhairof he sal! be obligit for the 
scollage and vther schoole exactiones whatsoever both in Englisch 
and Latine schooles, with grammer buikis authors and Englisch bookes 
vsed in the said Schoolis and that for the vse of my puire freynds 
gif nane be in the schooles forsaid bot in the College the annuel! of 
tlie forsaid fyve hundred merkis sal! be to ther vses in the College 
or gif thay be in nather the annuel! sal! be employit vpoun the edifice 
of the grammer schoole of new Aberdene gif the Insolencie of the 
Scholaris cannot be Repressit from dimolisching Let the annuel be 
gevin to the honest puir householders of new Aberdeine Item for 
mantenance of four puir scholaris and specially of my awin freyndis 
quhilkis fai!5eing to townes bairnes of new Aberdeine at the College 
quherein learning shall be thocht be the Councel! of Aberdein most 
to floorische four thousand merkes quhilkis to that effect I leave to 
be mortifeit at the expenssis of the towne of Abd becaus in sum 
measure the proffett redoundis to it everie ane of these four bursars 
to have the proffett of ane Thowsand merkis yeirlie for the space of 
four yeiris and gif they be of my Kin one yeiris proffett moir efter 
the compleiting of thair course Off all these mortificatiounes I 
constitute the Magistratis and Councel! of this towne togidder with 
my brother Dauid Cargill quhilkis fail3eing the maill bairnes of my 
brother and sisters Or my guid-brether to have the cair that na 
Dilapidatioun or away putting may in anye tyme cumming ensew 
And that the towne of Aberdeine mack the expenssis vpon the morti- 
ficatioun as said is Mair I will that euerie ane of the Legatouris 
alsweill the poore bursaris and my Brether and Sisteris and thair 
bairnes pay the quott of thair awin pairt pro rata And that thay 
mack expenssis vpon the obteining of my dettis pro rata And Incais 



I6l4.] JAMES CARGILL'S BURSARIES. 151 

of deboschit dettoris all thair losses to be pro rata The Testament 
is daited at Aberdeine the day off the yeir of 

God J"" sex hundreth and fourtene yeiris Sic subscribitur Ja Cargill 
Conforme to quhilk Letter will and Legacie of the said umqll 
Maister James Cargill and for satisfactioun and fulfilling thairof 
The said Dauid Cargill his executor above nameit at the feast of 
Martimes last bypast maid payment and delyverance to the Prouest 
Baillies and Councell of the said burghe of the saidis haill Legacies 
particularlie abovewrittin extending to the sowme of fyve thowsand 
and thrie hundreth merkis Quhilk sowme of fyve thowsand 
and thrie hundreth merkis wes wairrit and gevin out againe on 
proffeit at the said terme of Martimes last to certaine particular 
personis and thair cautioneris nominat in the bands thervpon to be 
payit at the feast of Martimes nixt to cum to the behuiff and vse of 
these to quhome the same is left and mortifeit be the defunct 
Viz four thowsand merkis for the behuiff of four bursars fyve hundreth 
merkis to the said grammer schoole fyve hundreth merkis to the said 
hospitall and thrie hundreth merkis to the behuiff of the poore house- 
halders that ressaues quarterlie almes out of the Sessioun as the saidis 
bandis produceit lykvayis this day in presens of the Councell and put 
vp in the tounis charter kist at length in thame selff does testifie In 
respect quhairoff the saidis Prouest Baillies and Councell be thir 
presentis Quytclames exoners and discharges the said dauid cargill 
executour abouenameit his airis executouris and assignayes of the saidis 
haill Legacies particularlie abouementionat and of all actioun com- 
petent aganes the said dauid or his foirsaidis for the samen simpliciter 
and for ewir But prejudice alwayes of the foirsaidis bandis gevin for 
payment of the saidis sowmes at the said terme of Martimes nixttocum 
And of sic actioun and executioun as is or may be competent be vertew 
of the saidis bandis aganes the Principall and Cautioners respectiue 
thairin nominat To the quhilk this present discharge sail mack no 
derogatioun And forder the saidis Prouest baillies and Councell obleiss 
thame and thair successouris prouest baillies and Counsell of the said 
burgh present and to cum To mack the saidis principall sowmes above- 
written furthcummand in all tyme comeing to the seuerall vses aboue 
specifiet quhairvnto the same are left and mortefeit be the defunct 
And to na vther vse Lykeas on the vther pairt notwithstanding that be 



152 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1614. 

the said legacie it is provydit that evrie ane of the Legatouris alsueill 
the poore the bursars hospitall as the brother and sisters of the defunct 
and thair barnes Sail mack the expenss pro rata vpoun the obteining 
of the defunctis dettis and in cais of deboschit dettouris all thair loss to 
be pro rata Yit the said dauid cargill executour foirsaid be thir 
presentis Renunceis all actioun he may have aganes the saidis prouest 
baillies and councell in any tyme comming for repetitioun of any pairt of 
the mortificatiounes aboue writtin be reasone of deboschit dettouris Or 
yit for any expenss maid or to be maid be him in persute or recoverie of 
any pairt of the dettis conteanit in the said testament in any tyme 
cumming Sa that the saidis mortefeit sowmes sail ewir remane haill 
to the vses respectiue aboue specifeit quhairvnto they wer left be the 
defunct not obstant of the provisioun aboue specifeit conteinit in the 
said Legacie quhairwith the said dauid cargill for him and his foirsaidis 
dispenssis for ewir And as to the annualrent and proffeit of the saidis 
mortifiet sowmes for the 3eir foirsaid viz fra Martimes last 1615 to 
Martimes nixt 1616 The samen is bestowit and employit as followis 
To wit the ane halff thairof for payment of the of the saidis 

Sowmes to the Commissar of Aberdeine And the vther halff of the said 
annuall is imployit pairtlie to the behuiff of tua Bursars viz Willeame 
Cargill brother sone to the said vmqll Maister James and James Forbes 
his sister sone and pairtlie to the behuiff of the said Thomas Mar and 
Sessiounes puire ilkane for thair awin pairtis pro rata according to the 
proportion of the legacies aboue writtin left to thame and na vtherwayis 
From the Town Council Register, vol. xlvii., p. 481.* 

• With consent of the executor, one-half of the annual rent is for the space of five 
years applied to augment the salary of the Principal : 

yunc 28, 1615. 

The Said Day the Baillies and Counsall reasoning and aduysing vpoune ane provisioune 
and stipend to the Principall that salbe socht and conveit for the College of this burgh to 
enter thairto at Michaelmes nixttocum now vacand be deceas of vmqll M' Gilbert Gray 
Last principall. And finding the provisioun qlk the said vmqll Mr gilbert had during his 
tyme to be so meane that no man of learning wilbe content thairwith it being onlie fourtie 
aucht bowis of bear be yeir and fourtie pundis of siluer thairofif tuelff pundis out of the rent 
mortifiet be the erle Merschall, and fourtie ane merkis out of the loft maillis within the 
College. Theirfoir thay inquired of Dauid Cargill gif he wilbe content that of the four 
Thousand merkis Left be vmqll Maister James Cargill doctor of Medicine his brother to the 
Intertainement of four bursaris uithin the said College, a pairt thairoff be dedicat for a 
help of the Principall his provisioun, And the said David for his pairt is content that for the 
space of fyue yeiris fra Martimes furth nixttocum in this instant yeir of god j™ sex hundreth 
and fyftene yeares, the equall halff of the said four thowsand merkis to wit twa thowsand 



i6i4.] 



JAMES CARGILL'S BURSARIES. 



153 



merkis thairof sal be employit on proffett to the vse of the principall of the said College for 
the tyme But preiudice alwayes to the said Dauid and his airis to caus imploy and bestow 
the said twa thowsand merkis thaireftir according to the will of the defunct. {Town Council 
Register, xlvii. 212.) 

The earliest entry in the Burgh Accounts relative to Cargill's Mortification is as 
follows : 

*' Compt of the four Thousand merkis mortifeit be Maister James Cargill Doctor of Phisick 
, for Intertenement of Four Bursaris within the New College of Aberdene to be payit 

at Martimes 1618 
In the hands of Willeame Straquhyn of Glenkindie and Maister Duncane Forbes 

his cautionar conforme to thair band ane thousand merks 

In the hands of Robert Keyth and Dauid Cargill his cautionar q'k was restand be 

umqll Jo" Keyt of Cowtoun ane thousand merks 

In the hands of the said Dauid Cargill and Thomas Cargill his cautionar conforme 

to thair band ane thousand merks 

In the hands of James Donaldsone and his cautionaris conforme to thair band 

fyve hundreth merks 
In the hands of Alexr Rutherfurd tua hundreth punds and in the hands of Alexr 
Chalmer youngar ane hundreth punds to be payit at Mertimes 1618 off 
the impost siluer dedicat to the wark of the bulwark qlk is appoynted to 
be payit be thame to the intrant Thesaurar at the terme forsaid in pairt of 
payment of fyve hundreth merks q'k wes lifted of the said Doctor 
Cargillis Mortificatioun out of the hands of Alexr Keyt at Martimes 
16 1 7 and debursit vpon the said wark of the bulwark thrie hundreth punds 

Item in the hands of Willeame Forbes Maister of Impost qlk he is ordanit to pay 
at the said terme of Martemes nixt in pairt of payment of ic lib restand 
be him at the fute of his compt xxxiij lib vjs viijd 

Summa four thousand merks 

The profitt and anual rent qrOf is bestowit as followis viz* for intertenement 
of Willeame Cargill and James Forbes quha ar presented to tua of the 
said burses tua hundreth merks 

To Doctor Forbes in pairt of payment of his stipend qll uther tua burses be 

presentit be the toune tua hundreth merks " 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1617-18. 
At the Union of the Universities in i860 the account stood thus : 



' 2. James Cargill's Mortifi- 
cation to Four Bur- 
sars at College being 
Town's Bairns of 
Aberdeen 



Balce 1859 



34 6 4 



Revenue 



Expenditre 



100 18 8 



Balce i860 



26 6 6 



Stock 



2674 16 4" 



92 18 10 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 
Of the revenue, £^g gs. 7d. came from the Torry feu-duties {supra, p, 141). Since 1877 
the endowment has been largely increased, Torry alone in 1887-88 contributing ;^io2 2s. iid., 
representing a stock of £2^^! 19s. sd. 

As regulated by the Aberdeen (Endowed Institutions) Provisional Order, x88i (supra, 
p. 118), the Cargill bursaries are eight in number, of ^20 each per annum, tenable for four years. 

U 



154 MARiscHAL colle(;e and university. [1615. 

XIX. 

The Town Council grant the sunt of one hundred pounds to Mr. David 
Wedderburne for teaching t/ie high class of the College, 26th 
Tidy, 1615.* 

Jul. 26, 1615. 

The Said day the Baillies new and auld counsallis Remembering 
that Immediatlie efter the deceas of Mr gilbert gray lait principall of 
the college of this bur' quhilk wes in the moneth of December last 
bypast they burdenit Mr Dauid Wedderburne of thair grammer 
schooll to tak vpon him the teiching of the hie class of the college 
of this bur' till this Lambmes nixt now instant and to determe 
the studentis of the said hie class maisteris at ilk tyme as also 
to vndergo the burding of the discipline and governement of the 
whole college induring that tyme least the college for want of a 
maister to the said hie class shuld altogidder hawe beine cassin 
Lows Promeising that the said Mr Dauid suld be gratifiet and 
revairdit for his paines and labors takin thairin as ane act maid 
thairvpon the first of feb*" last bypast proportis And vnderstanding 
that the said Mr Dauid hes dischargit a verie honest dewitie in that 
employment ewerie way as aperteined both in his teiching of the 
said hie class and government of the haill college sen the deceace 
of the said vmq" Mr gilbert as also in determing the studentis of 
the hie class maisteris to the great contentment and satisfactioun 
both of the studentis und of the counsell and haill towne Thairfoir 
in rememberance of his paineful travellis sustenit be him be this 
employment foirsaid about the college They ordane the sowme of 
ane hundreth pundis to be giwen to the said Mr Dauid in omnibus 
for the gratitude and travellis foirsaidis to be peyit to him be Mr 
willeame Moir thesaurer quhilk salbe allowit to him in his comptis 

From the Town Council Register, vol. xlvii., p. 245. f 

* Wedderburne had taught in the Grammar School since 1602. An account of his life 
and writings will be found in Collections for a History of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff 
(Spald. Club), p. 60. 

+ The preliminary proceedings relative to Wedderburne's appointment are detailed in 
two previous minutes : - 



I6l5.] WEDDERBURNE TEACHES HIGH CLASS. 155 

yan. 2, 1615. 

The Quhilk day the Baillies new and auld counsalHs being convenit in the sessioune 
hous of the kirk of this burgh immediatlie efter the ending of the sermone Anent the suppli- 
catioune gewin in to thame be the Studentis in the hie class of the college of this burgh 
makand mentioune Whairas it hes pleased God be deceas off thair principal! of guid 
memorie Maister Gilbert Gray to mack thame destitute of ane Teichar And for the love 
and affectioun they carie towardis the colledge (becaus of the cairfull educatioun quhilk they 
hawe enjoyed thairin to this present tyme) they are most desyrous to pas thair course and 
to be determinat Maisteris in it rather than in any vther college within this kingdome 
Thairfoir they all in ane consent maist humblie requestit the counsall to furnishe vnto 
thame ane learned man quhome thay may acknawledge as thair only Maister and vnder 
whose Instructioun and guid governament they may be the grace of God pas Maisteris 
at the appointed tyme As at mair lengtht wes conteanit in thair said supplicatioun 
Quhairanent the Baillies and Counsall with the Ministeris aduysing and vnderstanding 
that the presentatioune of ane qualefeit persone to occupie the place and office of the 
Principall of the said College belangis to my Lord Erie Marschall fundator and Patrone 
of the said college without whose aduyse nothing could be done in that airand Alwayes 
least the College (quhilk is the seminarie baith of Kirk and comoun weill) sould schack louse 
till the tyme as the said erle merschall be aduyse of the Towne provyid ane qualefied man 
to fill vp the emptie rowme The counsall hes burdenit Maister Dauid Wedderburne Maister 
of thair grammer school to teiche the said hie class for ane certane schort space till ane 
principall be provyidit And the said Mr David being personallie present at the command 
and earnest request of the counsall acceptit the charge foirsaid on him in tacking of the 
said hie class till ane principall be presented and admittit in place of the defunct Lykeas 
the haill Studentis of the said hie Class being also present promised obedience to the said 
maister David boithe in doctrine and discipline as to thair maister {T. C. R., xlvii. 32). 

Feb. I, 1615. 

The Quhilk day The Baillies and persones of baith the counsellis vnderwrettin being 
convenit in the counsellhous adwyesing solidlie quhow maist commodiousHe the place of 
vmqll Mr gilbert gray principall of the college of this hurt laitlie depairted may be supplied 
till Lambes nixt and the hie class of the said college teached considdering thairwith that 
M Dauid wedderburne maister of thair grammer scuill sen the deceas of the said Principall 
at thair desyre haid teached the said hie class and least that the scholeris aspyring to be 
determinat Maister at the said feast of Lambes quha or in the said hie class suld be 
frustrat of ane To teache thame and determinat thame Maisteris The counsell earnestlie 
desyred the said Mr Dauid To tak that burding on him to teache the said class till the 
said feast of Lambes in teaching thame the remanent of thair course yet vnteachit to thame 
and to determe thame Maisteris as said is Quha compeiring befoir the counsellis at thair 
earnest sute and petitioun Acceptit the said charge in and vpon him Referring to the discreit 
consideratioun of the counsell sic revaird as it pleass thame To giwe him for his trawellis 
and paines (T. C. R., xlvii. 55). 



156 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1616. 

XX. 

Th£ Town Council vote an annual stipend of six hundred pounds Scots to Master 

William Forbes * for, inter alia, teaching a lesson of theology within the 

College^ binding themselves to pay the superplus attour the interest of 

Copland's endo7vment, and to repair the Gray Friar Kirk, wth 

December^ 1616; ^th January, 161 7. 

Dec. II, 1616. 

Conforme to the quhilk act t the haill commvnitie of this burght 
being convenit within the Tolbuith vpoun the Tuentie fourt day 
^ of September last bypast They all in ane voice but oppositioun wer 
content and consentit To accept the said Mr willeame to be ane of 
thair ordinar ministeris and to contribute for his provisioun ane stipend 
to be payit in sic measure and forme as the Councell suld aggrie 
w' the said maister willeame Lyke as vpon the Tuantie nyn day of 
October last bypast immediatlie eftir sermone maid that day in the 
auld kirk of this hurt be the said Mr george hay he and the said 
Mr Johne strathauchin conforme to the powar and commissioun 
geven to thame be the said assembly mentionat in the act aboue 
writtin Admittit and ressauit the said Mr willeame forbes to the 
office of the ministrie of this burght with all dew solemnitie requisite 
in the presence of the haill congregatioun convenit in the said auld 
kirk And becaus be the ordinance of the said assemblie the said 
Maister Willeame is ordanit to be sustenit and his stipend payit 
to him for his service in the said office of the ministrie within this 
bur* and induring the same be the Prowest bailUes counsall and 
communitie thairof Thairfoir the new and auld counsallis with the 
haill deaconis of craftis of this burght presentlie assembliet conforme 
to the powar foirsaid giwen to thame be the Toun upon the said 
tuentie fourt day of September last bypast Hawe aggriet and con- 
discendit to giwe to the said maister willeame for his stipend and 
service of the ministrie of this burght and for teaching ane lessoun 
of Theologie weiklie within the college of the same so lang as his 
habilitie and healthe mey seme thairto the soume of Sex hundreth 
pundis vsuall scottis money 3eirlie To be payit to him be the 
Thesaurar of this burght for the tyme at tua vsuall termes in the 

• Afterwards PrincJjsal, infra. 

t Of the General Assembly held at Aberdeen, 13th Aug., 1616 ; transferring Mr. Forbes 
, from Monymusk. 



I6l7.] LESSON OF THEOLOGY. 157 

3eir witsonday and martemes in winter be equall portionis Lyke as 
for the said Maister Willeame his securitie of gude and thankfull 
payment thairof The saidis Prowest baiUies new and auld Counsallis 
and deaconis of craftis foirsaidis for thame selffis and thair succes- 
souris and in name and behalff of the haill Communitie of this 
burght present and to cum Become actit and obleist To content pay 
and delyuer to the said Maister Willeame forbes 3eirlie in tyme 
cumyng so lang as he remanis and continuewis resident minister 
at this burght the said soume of Sex hundreth pundis money foirsaid 
to be payit to him 3eirlie be the Thesaurar of this burght for the 
tyme at the termes of payment aboue writtin be equall portionis 
allanerlie in full satisfactioun of all that he may crawe for his stipend 
as minister of this burght and for teaching of the said publict lessoun 
of theologie The first termes payment thairof to begyn at the feast 
of witsonday nixt to cum i'"vi'= and sewintene 3eeris And the said 
maister willeame forbes being personallie present promeist as God 
suld assist him be his grace to discharge and exerce the said office 
of the ministrie diligentlie and faithfullie and to teache ane publict 
lessoun of Theologie weiklie within the College of this burght so 
lang as he remanis minister within the samen and so lang as God 
bestowis on him healthe and habilitie thairto for the stipend and 
provisioun foirsaid allanerlie and na farder Quhairwith he hauldis 
himselff content for all thingis he may crawe thairfoir 
From the Town Council Register^ Vol. xlvii., p. 820. 

yan. 7, 1617. 

The Quhilk Day The haill Commvnitie being convenit in thair 
head court It was exponit to thame be Thomas Meing3es prowest 
that vpon the ellevint day of December lastbypast The new and 
auld Councellis with the Deaconis of craftis being then convenit 
in the counsallhous had aggriet and condiscendit to give to Maister 
Willeame forbes (quha be ordinance of the lait generall and national 
assemblie hauldin at this burgh in August lastbypast is appoyntit 
ane of the ordinar ministeris of this burght) the soume of sex 
hundreth pundis money for his 3eirlie stipend and service of the 
ministrie and teaching of a lessoun of Theologie in the College of 
this burght To be payit to him be the Townis thesaurar at twa 
vsuall - termes in the 3eir Witsonday and Martemas in winter be 



158 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l^I/- 

equall portiounes The first termes payment to begyn at Witson- 
day nixt to cum And that for his securities of gude and thankfull 
payment thairof The Saidis Prowest Baillies new and auld Coun- 
cellis and Deaconis of the Craftis ar becum actit and obleist for 
thame selffis and thair successouris in name and behalff of the haill 
commvnitie To pay the same 3eirlie to the said Maister Willeame 
sa lang as he remanis actuall Minister of this burght As the act 
of Counsall maid thairwpoun of the dait foirsaid proportis And 
becaus thair is no vther meane nor moyen to pay the said 3eirlie 
stipend hot be commoun contributioun of the Commvnitie of this 
burght Except onHe the proifeitt and annuall rent off Twa thowsand 
merkis Scottis money mortefeit be Maister Patrick Copland to ane 
professor of Theologie within the College of this burght (Quhilk 
mortificatioun is expreslie conceavit and prowyidit to the behowe 
of the said Maister Willeame forbes and to his successouris 
Teacheris of theologie within the said College in all tyme comeing) 
and the Townis kirk annuallis extending 3eirlie to Sex scoir pundis 
Thairfoir desyirit the Commvnitie convenit as said is to bind thame 
selffis for peyment of the superplus of the said stipend attour the 
anuall of the said M'' patrik coplandis mortificatioun and kirk 
annuallis foirsaid Quhilk desyire the haill Commvnitie in ane voice 
but oppositioun or contradictioun thocht werie ressonabill And con- 
forme thairto voluntarlie become bund and ableist for thame and 
thair successouris To mak payment of the superplus of the said 
3eirlie stipend of Sex hundreth pundis attour the saidis kirk annuallis 
and mortificatioun foirsaid 3eirlie and ilk 3eir in tyme coming sa 
lang as the said M'' willeame remanis actuall minister at this burght 
And to that effect ar Content and consentis to be stentit 3eirlie for 
payment thairoff ilk ane for thair awin pairtis according to the 
stent roll to be sett doun thairanent And that taxtaris and stentaris 
be chosin 3eirlie to the effect foirsaid as salbe injoyned be the 
magistrattis for the tyme As lykwayis consentis for the better 
and mair readie peyment thairoff that Letteris of horning be direct 
heirwpoun at the instance of the magistrattis charging the com- 
mvnitie to conveine to cheiss taxtaris for stenting of the samen vpon 
thame and to charge the saidis taxtaris to accept the said office 
vpon thame and giwe furth ane stent roll thairwpoun As lykwayis 



1627.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 1 59 

to charge the commvnitie to mak peyment thairoff ilk ane for thair 
awin pairtis conforme to the said stent roll vnder the paine of horning 
Town Council Register, xlviii., p. 7. 

The said day the haill Towne being convenit in thair heid court 
thocht it meit and expedient that the gray frier kirk of this burght 
quhilk is situat in the middest and hart of the Towne salbe repairit 
in the haill glassin wyndoes and in daskis for the exercise of com- 
moun prayeris in tyme of winter teaching of lessounis of theologie 
and vther publict actis as the Toun happines to hawe ado And 
for that effect all in ane voice Aggriet and consentit that ane 
voluntar contributioun suld be lifted and uptakin of ilk Inhabitant 
within the toune according to thair awin discretioun and liberalitie 
and to be convertit to the vse foirsaid of the Repairing and glassing 
of the wyndoes of the said kirk and in bigging of daskis thairintill 
and na vther wayis be adwyse and directioun of the Prowest Baillies 
and Councell of this burght. 

Town Council Register, xlviii., p. 7. 

XXI. 

Patrick Copland inortifies six thousand nierks for the maintenance of a 
Professor of Divinity, 2']th January, i6i6[-i7]; i&th July, 1622; 
and 1st February, i627[-28].* 

I. 
Bee it kend till all men whome it affeirs by these presents Mee 
Master Patrik Copland preacher to the navie and fleit of the right 

* " Cargillum, excipiat M. Patricius Couplandus V.D.M. Hie Patrem habuit 
yohannem, Mercatorem Abredonenscm ; post quam domi fcelicem literis dedisset operam, 
et ex Academics hujus fontibus, rerum meliorum cognitionem hausisset, in Angliam se 
contulit ; ubi tanta pollebat doctrina et facundiA, ut a Societate Indica delectus fuerit, qui 
sacra celebraret. Nee satis habuit, pie vivere, aliosque ad fcelieitatem pradieando perducere : 
Sed etiam Religionem et Doctrinam apud posteros vigere, et valere pereupiens, arbores sevit 
multis profuturas seculis, et Professionem Thcologicam propriis instauravit sumptibus, illique 
sena Mercarum millia dieavit. Haud minus de Vera Religione, in Patria stabilienda et conser- 
vanda, quam de eadem in India propaganda, solicitus." Smith's Oratio, p. 17. 

On the heraldic ceiling [supra, p. 118) Copland's arms appeared as, Quarterly, i and 4, 
Or, three mullets gules; 2 and 3, Azure, three garbs or. On the "broad" (p. 114) we find, 
Quarterly, i and 4, Or, three mullets gules ; 2 and 3, Argent, a pale sable. Copland of Udoch 
and of Collieston bore a shakefork in the second and third quarters (Nisbet, ii., App.; Stodart, 
i., plate 102). 



I60 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1617. 

worshipfull the East India company within the realme of England 
Forsamekle as I being a borne citizen of the burgh of Abirdeen 
within the kingdom of Scotland and being brought vp from my 
childhood in their grammer-school and Colledge vntill I past my 
course in Philosophie I acknowledge myself hereby bound and 
obliged to benefite their commounwealth and to advance their 
Schooles and College so farre as lyes in my possibility And vnder- 
standing that the greatest want now in their Colledge is a reader 
of divinity Heirfore in token of my love and thankfulnes to my 
native Country Town and Colledge and out of the zeale I carie 
to the flourishing of the said Colledge that out of the same there 
may issue and come many learned men that they may vphold the 
truth and puritie of Religion now professed within the said king- 
dome seeing it hath pleased God to bless mee with meanes and to 
giue mee a heart to bestow a part thereof for helping forward the 
worke of the standing of the said Colledge For these respects wit 
yee mee to have freelie given mortified and destinate And by these 
presents freely gives mortifies and destinats to the Provost Baillies 
and Councill of the said burgh of Aberdeen and to their successours 
Provost Bailyeis and Councell thereof in all tyme comming the 
summe of Tua thowsand marks vsuall money of Scotland for the 
vse of the said Colledge in manner and vpon condition underwritten 
and no vtherwayes viz. I ordaine the said summe of Tua thowsand 
marks to be waired and layd on by the saids Provost Baillies and 
Councell on land or annuel rent where they may finde best imploy- 
ment And the yeerly annuel rent thereof to be given and bestowed 
by thame towards the help and maintenance of a learned divine 
and Linguist skilfull in the Hebrew and Greeke tongues who shal 
reside and dwel in the said Colledge or at leist in the said Town 
of Aberdeen being alwayes chosen and placed by the advyse of the 
Provost Baillies and councel of the said burgh for the tyme Quhilk 
summe of tua thowsand marks I haue compleitly payed and 
delivered before the making heirof to Robert Buchan merchant 
burges of Aberdeen Commissioner nominate by the Councel of the 
said burgh for receiving thereof To be made ever forthcomand to 
the said Town of Aberdeen to the vse foresaid whereunto the same 
is destinate and no otherwayes So that how oft the said summe 



I6l7.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. l6l 

shalbe vplifted forth of their hands to whom the same shalbe lent 
vpon wadset band or obHgation I ordaine the same to be als oft 
waired and layd on of new againe toties quoties by the saids 
Provost BailHes and councel for the time to the vse aboue specified 
With this alwayes provisioun and condition that if at any tyme here- 
after the Earle Marshall or his heirs (who are Foundators and 
Patrones of the said Colledge and have the presentation of the 
Principall and whole maisters thereof at their disposition) shal 
impute or place a Reader of Divinity within the same Colledge 
without the advice and consent of the Provost Baillies and Councel 
of the said burgh for the time In that case I will and ordaine that 
the said Divine (who shalbe impute without their advyce and con- 
sent) shall haue no benefite of this my Mortification But that the 
saids Provost Baillies and Councel shall haue full and absolute 
power to bestow and distribute the annuel rent of the said tua 
thowsand marks to the vse of the Hospital of the said burgh and 
the poore that shalbe therein or els to the vse and help of some 
poore scholars of the said Colledge as the Provost Baillies and 
Councel for the tyme shall see most expedient And that ay and 
while a Theologue be placed in the said Colledge with their consent 
Quhilk being done I will and ordaine that the annuel rent of the 
said summe shall then all whole redound to the said Divine and 
his successours who shalbe chosen with their consent as a help to 
their provision and to no otheryse Secluding hereby the Erie 
Marshel his heirs and successors from any melling or disponing 
vpon the said principall summe or annuel rents thereof in any tyme 
comming And giving hereby the absolute power and right of 
patronage thereof to the Provost Baillies and Councel of the said 
burgh for the tyme and to none others To be made forthcomand 
and the annuel rent thereof to be bestowed and employed by them 
to the vse and vpon condition aforesaid and no otherwayes as they 
will answere to God And for the greater assurance I ordain this my 
letter of mortificatioun to be registrate in the burrow court bookes 
of the said burgh and in the Register of the said Colledge therein 
to remain ad futuram rei memoriam In witnes whereof to these 
presents written and subscribed with my hand my scale is appended 
At London the Twenty-seaventh day of Januarii the j^ere of God 

X 



l62 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l622. 

one thousand six hundred and sixteen yeers a Httle before the 
embarquing of the said Master Patrik for Asia the great againe in 
his second voyage to the East Indees before these witnesses Mr. 
John mitchell preacher and Mr. George wedderburn citizen of 
Aberdeen 

[Sic subscr.] Patrik Copland 

Joh Mitchell witnes 
I George Wederburn witnes 

From the original holograph deed in the Town House Charter Room. 
" Mortifications for College." M^ 28. 

II. 

Be it knowne to all men whom it affaires by these presents 
me Mr Patrick Copland Preacher sone to vmquil Johne Copland 
burgesse of Abirdeen Forsamekle as I being a borne Citizen of the 
said burgh of Abirdeen within the kingdome of Scotland and being 
brought vp from my childheid in their Grammar Schole and 
Colledge vntill I past my course in Philosophy I acknowledge myselfe 
hereby bound and obliged to benefite their Commonwealth and to 
advance their Schooles and Colledge so farre as lyes in my possi- 
bilitie and vnderstanding that the greatest want now in their 
Colledge is a Reader of Divinitie Herefore in token of my loue and 
thankfulnesse to my native countrie towne and Colledge and out of 
the zeale I carie to the flourishing of the said Colledge that out of 
the same there may issue and come many learned men that may 
vphold the truth and puritie of Religion now professed within the 
said kingdome seing it hath pleased God to blesse mee with meanes 
and to giue mee a heart to bestow a parte thereof for helping for- 
ward the worke of the standing of the said Colledge For these 
respects witt yee mee to haue frelie given mortifiet and destinate 
and by these presents freely giues mortifies and destinats to the 
Prowest Baillies and Counsell of the said burgh of Abirdeen and to 
their successours Prowest Baillies and Counsell thereof in all time 
comming the summe of two thousand markes vsual money of Scot- 
land quhilk I have presentlie at the subscribing hereof delivered in 
readie money to Dauid Melvill merchand Commissionar for the 
said burgh of Abirdeen to be warit and employit be thame for the 



l622.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 1 63 

vse of the said Colledge in manner and vpon the conditions vnder- 
written and no otherwayes By and attour the summe of other Two 
thousand marks money forsaid mortified and friely given be mee of 
before to the samen vse conforme to my former letters of mortifica- 
tion made therevpon registrat in the townes bookes of Abirdeen 
and records of the said Colledge of the date at London the tuentie- 
seawenth day of January the yeere of God one thousand six hun- 
dred and sixteen yeeres Quhilk whole summe of Four thousand 
markes I ordaine conforme to my former mortification to be wared 
and imployed vpon land or annuel rent by the said Prowest Baillies 
and Counsell of Abirdeen present and to come where they may 
finde best imployment and the yeerely annuall rent thereof to be 
given and bestowit be thame towards the help and maintenance of 
a Learned Divine and Linguist skilfull in the Hebrew and Greek 
tongues quha shall reside and dwell in the said Colledge or at least 
in the said towne of Abirdeen being alwayes chosen and placed by 
the Prowest Baillies and Councell of the said burgh for the time 
And how oft the said summe of Four thousand markes or any parte 
thereof shalbe vplifted forth of thair hands to whom the same 
shalbe lent vpon wadset bond or obligation I ordaine the same to 
be als oft wared and laid on of new againe toties quoties by the 
saids Prowest Baillies and Councell of the said burgh for the time 
to the vse aboue specified With this provision alwayes and con- 
dition that if at any tyme hereafter the Earle Marshall or his 
heires (who are Foundators and Patrones of the said Colledge and 
haue the presentation of the Principall and haill Maisters thereof 
at their disposition) shall impute or place a Reader of Divinitie 
within the same Colledge without the advise and consent of the 
Prowest Baillies and Counsell of the said Burgh for the time In 
that case I will and ordaine that the said Divine who shall be 
impute without their aduise and consent shall haue no benefite of 
this my mortification but that the saids Prowest Baillies and 
Councell shall haue full and absolute power to bestow and distri- 
bute the annuell rent of the said Four thousand markes to the vse 
of the Hospittall of the said burgh and the poore that shall be 
therein or else to the vse and helpe of some poore schollers of the 
said Colledge as the Prowest Baillies and Counsell for the time 



l64 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1628. 

shall see most expedient And that ay and quhill a Theologue be 
placed in the said Colledge with their consent Quhilk being done 
I will and ordaine that no annuell rent of the forsaid whole summe of 
Four thousand markes shall then all whole redound to the said 
Divine and his successours who shalbe chosen with thair consent 
as a helpe to their provision and no other vse secluding hereby the 
Earle Marshall his heirs and successors from any melling or dis- 
poning vpon the said principall summe or annuel rent thaireof in 
any time comming And giving hereby the absolute power and right 
of patronage thereof to the Prowest Baillies and Councell of the 
said burgh for the time and none others To be made forthcomand 
and the annuall rent thereof to be bestowit and imployed by them 
to the vse and vpon condition afoirsaid and no otherwise as they 
will answer to God in the terrible day of appearing of the Lord 
Jesus Christ to judge the quick and the dead And for the mair 
assurance I ordaine this my Letter of Mortification to be registrate 
in the burrow Court books of the said burgh and in the Register of 
the said Colledge therin to remain ad futuram rei memoriam In 
witnesse whereof to these presents written and subscrived with my 
own hand my seal is appended At London the eighteenth day of 
July the yeere of God one thousand six hundred twentie-two 
years Before witnesses Maister Johne Michell preacher Mr. Thomas 
Addison of Lincolns Inne armiger Mr. Benjamin Browne of London 
Mr. Alexander Clerk sone to Mr. Andrew Clerk burgesse of Abirdeen 

[Sic subscr.] Patrick Copland with my hand 

Thomas Addison testis Benia. Browne testis 

Johannes Mitchell testis Alexander Clerk testis 

From the original holograph deed in the Town House Charter Room. 
" Mortifications for College." M^ 30. 

III. 

1628. 

Item by and attour the four thowsand merkis conteinit in this 
mortificatioune befoirwrittin given and mortifiet be M' Patrik 
Copland for mantenance of ane professour of divinitie fundit be 
him in the new college of aberdeine The said Mr Patrik hes given 



1628.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 165 

sen syn to the toune of aberdeine Tua Thowsand merkis money 
for the better mantenance of the said professour whilk twa Thowsand 
merkis wer resaiuit be Dauid Meluill burges of aberdeine in the 
tounes name as thair commissionar frome M"" andro ellam ane of the 
cheif secretaries of the East India companye in Londone in Sept 
1628 Conforme to the said Maister Patrikis warrand direct to the 
said M"^ Ellam to that effect and conforme to his missive direct to 
the said toune of Aberdeine willing thaime to receave the said Tua 
Thowsand merkis frome the said Mr Ellam quhilk missive is dated 
from the Overplus in Sommer Hands the first of febr i627[-8] 
Extending in all quhilk the said Mr Patrik hes mortifiet to the 
said divinitie professioun to the soume of Sex Thowsand merkis 
scottis money 

From the Town Council Register, li., p. 3.* 



* The earliest entry in the Town's accounts relative to the three mortifications by 
Copland is as follows : — 

" Compt of the soume of foure [six] thousand merkis mortifiet by Mr. Patrick Copland to ane 
Professor of Divinitie within the new college of Aberdeine. 
Item restand in the hands of William Seton of Meldrum upoun the wadset of his 

landis of Ardfork iiijm merkis 

The annuall rent qrof is peyabill yeirlie at Witsonday— the third yeiris payment 

begynnand at Witsonday 1629 — Restis as yit in the handis of the Laird of 

Meldrum 
Item restand be Patrick Austiane and his cars payabill at Witsonday 1629 jm merkis 

With the annual rent th^of sensyne 
Item the comptar chairges himself with the soume of twa thowsand merkis resauit 

be him frome Dauid Melvill at Witsonday 1629 whilk wes send by the 

said Maister Copland to the towne to be ekit to the Mortificatioun foirsaid 

and resauit be the said Dauid at Londone in Sep' 1628 ijm merkis 

Item with a half yeris annuall throf fra Martimes 1628 to Witsonday 1629 at nyne 

for the hundreth Ixxxx merkis 



Summa is iiijmvijcxxvj lib xiij s iiij d 

Whairof the Comptar charges himself with the resset abouewritten frome Dauid 

Melvill of stock and profites jmiijclxxxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Discharge of the said Resset. 

Imprimis — Leint upoun bond to George Hay of Auquharnye and John Hay his ca' 

payabill at Witsonday 1630 togidder with a yeris profite till the said terme jm lib 

Item to Alexr Rutherford and his car peyabill at the same terme with the 

profite iijcxxxiij lib vj s viij d 



l66 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1615. 

Item debursit to the Clerk for his paynes in formeing of the secuirities and compts 
of the said mortifiet moneys conforme to the said Mr Patrick Copland's 
awn directiounis given for that effect be his missive xx lib 

Summa of the Comptares Discharge extendis to the soume of jmiijcHij lib vj s viij d 



So restis the Comptar of his intromissioun forsaid xl lib " 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1628-29. 



At the Union of the Universities in i860 the account stood thus 

Revenue 



"4. Patrick Copland's and David Chamber 
Iain's, to a Professor of Divinity 



64 2 II 



Expendre 
64 2 II 



Stock 
1777 17 I 



— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 
Since 1877 {supra, p. 142) the income has been considerably increased : — 

" Do. do. 125 13 8 125 13 8 3432 o 8 " 

— Burgh Accounts, 1887-88. 

Note on Copland's Endowment. 

Mr. Copland's first intention had been to found Bursaries. The original of the 
following letter to the Rector of the Grammar School is the first of a series of twelve pre- 
served in the Town House archives : — 

I. 

To my very loving friend Mr Dauid Wedderburne this be delivered 
Very loving friend Mr Dauid Wedderburne, meeting w'h the berar Robert Buchan 
yC" townes man ; I thought good by him to remember my self vnto you and all or good 
friends wth you namely Mr Archibald Blackburne, Mr Charles Ferme, Mrs Robert Mercer 
and Wa Guild &c. And would be glad to heare from you and them, specially of the state 
of our poore church wth you, wdi now I feare is fallen into the mouth of the wolf the 
Shepheard being banished away. I heare of the death of my worthie and reverend master 
Mr Gilbert Gray, wch wounds me to the heart, becaus of yor colledge. I intended, if hee 
had been alive, to have presently bestowed two thousand marks scots for the mantainance 
of or (at least) to help to mantaine 4 poore bursers 50 m'ks a peece per annum ; and though 
the Lord hath removed him, yet if yor towne make choise of a learned and able principall 
that hath a care of the flourishing of yor colledge, specially if they choose Mr Charles 
Ferme, I meane to prosequute my purpose, and to have the money readie at an houre : It 
is in the East India Companies hands, and I can lift when I will. Wherefoir I pray you 
signifie my purpose to the town Counsel ; and my word, godwilling shalbe my deed. Thus 
looking to heare from you wth the first berar, I commit you and all or christian friends witb 
you (to whom I pray you commend mee) to God. London this 2^^ of Maij 1615. 

direct yor letters when you write to Mr Yor loving brother 

Jon Mitchel dwelling in Coleman street, Pat. Copland 

that hee may send them to mee at my 

house in Norton in Northampton shire. 



l6l5.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 167 

The Town Council, however, call his attention to the bursaries already founded — six 
by Dr. Liddell and four by Dr. Cargill (the six bursars of the Foundation charter it will 
be observed are ignored) ; and to the defective stipends of the Masters. 

June 21, 1615. 

The Baillies and Counsall having aduysedlie considderit the freyndlie letter direct be 
Maister Patrik Copland to Mr David Wedderburne schoollmaister of this burgh daited at 
Londoun the 2 of Maij last Berand that gif ane learned and qualifiet persone micht be 
had to fill the rowme of Mr. Gilbert Gray last principall of the college of this burgh 
laitlie departit this lyiff that the said Mi Patrik for the love and zeall he caries to the 
floorishching of the said college wauld bestow twa thousand merkis Scottis for the manten- 
ance or at the least for a help to manteane four puir bursaris fyftie merkis a peice per annum 
And thairby desyrand the said Mr Dauid Wedderburne to signifie that his purpose to the 
Counsell of this burghe and to returne to him thair answer Fand that heirby the said 
Mr Patrik is most cairfull to sie the standing of the said college And in ret thairof or- 
dainit ane answer to be sent back to the said Mr Patrik geving him hartlie thankis for 
his godlie intentioune and designe foirsaid And to intreat him gif it might stand with his 
contentment that his said provisioune micht be bestowit to the vse and behuiff of the 
Principall and Maisteris of the saidis college seing thair is provisioun maid alredie for ten 
bursaris and na competent provisioune as yit for principall nor maisteris And to direct this 
letter with Robert Buchane merchand bringer of the said Mr Patrik his letter foirsaid With 
powar to the said Robert to ressaue the said twa thowsand merkis fra the said Mr Patrik 
togidder with his letter and directioun to the Magistrattis and Counsall of this burgh how 
the same salbe bestowit The said Robert always finding cautioun incais of his resset of 
the said sowme fra the said Mr Patrik that he sail mack payment thairof to the Magis- 
trattis and Counsall betwixt and Michaelmes nixt or sooner within dayes efter his 

returne frome Londoun to be bestowet and imployit as the said Mr Patrik sail direct be 
his letter. (Town Council Register, xlvii. 20i. Cf. Report of Buchan in Minute of Dec. 

27, 1615, xlvii. 406.) 

Mr. Copland seems to have consented (in a letter which has not been preserved) to 

the suggestion of the Council — but only on the understanding that Mr. Charles Ferme or 

Mr. Patrick Forbes of Corse should fill the vacant Principalship. Meanwhile the Earl 

Marischal makes a different selection. 

jfune 21, 1615. 

The Said Day the Baillies and Counsall having hard the report maid be Thomas 
Mengzeis and Robert Johnestoun commissionaris nominat be the Counsall to pas to the 
Erie Marshall tuicheing the provyding of ane learnit and qualefeit persone to be principall 
of the College of this burgh qlk wes this in effect that the said Erie is weill affected to provyid 
ane qualefeit persone for the said place and that his Lo. is content with any of thir twa 
persones towit Maister Patrik Sands and Mr Alexander Home quha wes nominat to his Lo. 
be the saids Commissionaris and that his Lo. desyris the Baillies and Counsell of this burgh To 
be earnest and diligent to travell with thame for thair acceptatioun of the said place vpoun 
thame with sic possibill diligence as the necessitie of the tyme craveis. Quhairwith the 
Baillies and Counsall aggriet and thinkis any of the saidis twa persones meit and qualefiet 
for the said place And thairfoir ordains Mr Alexander Cullen baillie commissionar chosin for 
this burgh for keeping the Conventioun of Burrowis at Sanctandrous the third of Julij nixt 



l68 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1615. 

To pass immediatlie efter the dissoluing of the said Conventioun to Edr and thair to adyse 
with Mr Thomas Nicolsone comissr in the said mater and be his counsall and advyse to 
deall with anye of thame he thinks vpoun sic conditiounes as the said Mr Thomas 

and Mr Alexander can condiscend with the saidis persones or anye of thame and the said 
Mr Alexander to hawe the sowme of fyftie merkis to be payit to him be Mr Williame Moir 
thesaurar for macking his expenssis to Edinburghe by and attour the hundreth merkis 
appoyntit for macking his expenssis at the said Conventioun of burrowes qlks sowmes 
salbe allowit to the said thesaurer in his comptis (T. C. R., xlvii. 200). 

Aug. I, 1615. 

The Quhilk day the Baillies new and auld Counsall being conveinit Thocht meit 
and expedient That seeing my lord Merschall patrone of or College be aduyse of the 
Commissionaris direct from the Counsall of this burt to his Lo. hes maid choose to sute 
Maister Patrik Sands to be principall of or College now vacant be deceas of Mr Gilbert 
Gray last principall That thairfoir a Commissionar salbe direct frome this hurt to the said 
Mr Patrik with all convenient diligence To deall with him to accept the said charge 
Lyke as thai instantlie nominat Thomas Mengzes of Cultis commissionar to the effect foir- 
said To quhome thai appoint the sowme of ane hundreth merkis for macking his expenssis 
in the said comissioun To be payit to him be the Thesaurar qlk salbe allowit in his 
comptis (jT. C. R., xlvii. 247). 

A letter of remonstrance from Mr. Copland follows : 

II. 

To the right worshipfull the Provost, Bailyeis and Counsel of Abirdeen 

All these 

Right worll my humble service and heartie dutie to you all remembred ; I received the last 
of Januarij yo«" packet of lettres, bearing date the loth of the same. And according vnto 
my promise and your desire have delivered the rest of the money to Robert Buchan. In 
my former lettres (as may appear by them) I was moved at yor w. request to change my 
owne intent and purpose and to yeeld vnto yors. And that only because yor w. wrote 
vnto mee that yee were dealing wth the Laird of Corse and Mr Charles Ferme to pro- 
cure ane of them to succeid in the roome of yor worthy principall who now is with God. 
By your present letters I can vnderstand nothing of the refusall of either of them to 
vndertake that care and burden ; only yee mention one Mr Patrick Sandis of whom you 
have made choise by the advise of the Erie Marshall yor fundator and patron. The man to 
myself is unknown, only by reporte I heare hee is a great Lawyer and Philosopher, but what 
Theologue and Linguist hee is I cannot learne ; and a Divine and Linguist, as a man most 
fittest and necessary for yor Colledge is chiefly intended by the foundation, as yor w. in 
yor former lettres wrote vnto mee. Wherefore except hee prove such a one I will in no wayes 
condiscend to change my first purpose and intention, but will that still the litle mite I have 
given may be a help and reliefe for poore scholers, such as once I was my self. A litle before 
the receipt of yor w. present lettres, I received a letter from Mr Charles Ferme himself, wherein 
he makes mention of another letter of his owne and Mr Archibald Blackburnes advise to mee 
touching my donation ; wch letter I vnderstand came to yor w. sight, but is detained from 
mee, whereof I marvaile not a little ; It is safe I am sure and forthcoming, so be it, yr w. give 



I6l5.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 169 

direction I may see it, wch I doubt not yor w. will doe by the next conveniant berar. How- 
soever I have delivered the rest of the money to Robert Buchan and have taken his obligation 
for principal! and profite, wch J have sent in my lettres inclosed to Mr Charles Ferme and 
Mr Archibald Blackburne, whom if yor w. doe satisfie that it shalbe imployed to the wel of 
the Colledge according to my minde (wch I doubt not but yor w. will most willingly doe) 
then yee may receive from them Robert Buchan's present obligation, and receive the money 
when yee will. In the meane while I pray yor w. to discharge the said Robert Buchan and 
his suirties of his obligation wch yor w. haue of him. This being done vpon receipt of 
Mr Archibald and Mr Charles their lettres written to mee, I will according to yor direction 
write out on parchment my Mortification, and will scale and subscribe and send it back vnto 
yor w. that it may be recorded and kept as yor w. doe write. Only one thing there is in it 
wch I dislike, to wit, that if the Erie Marshel shall place a man wthout the consent of the Pro- 
vest, Bailyies and counsel of Abd for the tyme ; that then the vse of the said tuo thousand 
markes shall goe to the maintenance of the Ministers of Abd serving the cure. Yor Bishop- 
rick is fat enough and it may help the Ministry; or if it doe not, my desire is that yor Hospittal 
in such a case (as likewise if yor Colledge shall decay, wch God defend) may haue the 
benefite of this my donation and none else. Thus againe remcmbring my humble dutie vnto 
all of yor w. specially vnto yor \ orshipfull provest my very loving friend, I commend you and 
yor waightie affaires vnto the direction, protection and blessing of the Almighty. London 
this sixth of Februarij, 1615 [-16]. 

Yor w. townsman in all dutiefuU obedience to be comanded, 

Patrike Copland. 

III. 

The right worshipfull the Provost Bailyeis and Councel of the burgh of Abirdeen 

All these 

Right worshipfull my humble dewtie and heartie love to you all remembred,. I received 
your lettres, and according to your desire haue written vnto Mr Archibald for delivery of 
Robert Buchans bond, that yee may receive and convert the tuo thousand merks scottis 
money to the vse of Mr William forbes, of whome yee haue now made choise, and his 
successors in all times comming. Befoire the receipt of yours, I had a letter from 
Mr Androw Aidye your principall, but til I heard from your selves I thought it not fitting 
to returne him answer. And now in that yee haue made choise of a Theologe to reade 
in the schooles, I have finally and fully agreed to your request, and given my willing and 
free consent to Mr William forbes, of whom yee haue made choise, and to such others as 
the Provost, Baylifes and Councel, for the tyme shall make choice, hee being alwayes a 
learned Theologe and Linguist, and a resident in the Colledge or towne. It was neuer my 
purpose to comit the right of patronage and presentation to any vthers then the Provost, 
Bailyeis and Councel (For who should have greater care of the flourishing of their Towne 
and College then they that are Magistrats of it ?). Indeed for the first setling of a man, I 
thought it fitting (as I wrote before) that Mr Charles ferme and Mr Archibald your present 
pastor should haue a special stroke ; but it was never any part of my purpose to make 
them or any els Patrons and Presenters besids the Magistrats of the Towne. I have not 
set my letter of Mortification, nor cannot, til I see Mr Charles ferme and Mr Archibald 
Blackburne, their letter of advise. I marvel that order was not taken that Mr Archibald 
(who now hath it) should send it inclosed either in your or his lettres, seeing I intreated you 

Y 



170 MAklSCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1617. 

in my last lettres to see it. Wherefore, I pray you againe as yee desire to haue my lettres of 
Mortification that yee wold send mee their letter of advise, and then I wil, godwilling, 
put an end vnto this busienes. Thus expecting to see them, I rest 

your w. to be commanded 

[Signed] Patrike Copland. 

Norton this i8th of October 1616. 

yan. I, 1617. 

The Quhilk day Thomas Meingzeis Prouest presented in Council a letter direct to 
thame firome Maister Patrick Coupland minister of Godis Word at Nortoun in Northamptoun 
schire within England Beareand the said Maister Patrick his frie donatioun of Tua thowsand 
merkis scottis money to the vse of a Theologe for Teacheing theologie wtin the college of 
this burght Quhilk letter being read in Councell they ordaine the same to be registrat in 
the Tounis buikis ad futuram rei memoriam and the principall letter to be put vpe in the 
Townis charter kist as ane evident belanging to the Towne in all tyme cumyng Off the 
quhilk letter the tennor followis. . . . {tit supra) 

And the said Maister Archibauld Blakburne minister being personallie present in 
Councell he instantlie delyverit to thame conforme to the desyire of the said letter the said 
Robert Buchans band gewin be him to the said Mr Patrik on the soume of ellevin hundreth 
merkis in compleit payment of the said tuo thousand merkis To the effect the Councell 
may ressaue the said ellevin hundreth merkis and employ and ware the same on proffit 
with the nyne hundreth merkis ressaiued be thame abefoir quhilk compleitis and makis 
vpe the whole Tuo thousand merkis to the vse foirsaid qrvnto the same is mortifiet be the 
said M>" Patrik. {Town Council Register, xlviii. 3.) 

IV. 

To the right worshipful! the Provost Baillies and Councel of the Towne of Abirdeen 

All these 

Right worshipfull, and dearly bdoved in the Lord, I received yours, bearing date 
the first of January, the tuentie one of the same, from the right worshipfull Sr Thomas 
Smyth, Governor to the East India company. The thing yee by your letters desire to 
be by mee performed, I had done before your letters came to my hand : and now I am 
glad that ye haue procured Mr William forbes, whom I know to be both holy and learned ; 
and I doe most heartily rejoyce that my small help hath been some meanes to procure so 
sufficiently wel qualified a man. Yee shall therefore receaue my letter of Mortification, writen, 
sealed and subscribed wth my owne hand, that it may be recorded both in your Townes bookes, 
and records of your Colledge to testifie my dutie towards God, and love to my native 
Towne and Colledge. I am now againe called by the right worshipfull East India company 
to goe back to the Indees, and after much intreatie, have now at last yeelded my consent to 
goe in the James royall the Admirall of their goodlie fleet, which within a few dayes is to 
put to sea. My humble sute vnto you all is that ye wold recommend mee in your best 
devotion vnto God, that hee would vouchsafe his blessing vpon my weake labours, that I 
may be serviceable in my place to gaine glory vnto him, and to doe good vnto his people. 
If God in mercy returne mee and withall blesse my voyage I will cast in one mite more 
into his treasurie, how small soeuer it be. The many bussines which now lye vpon 



r6l7.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. I7I 

mee, and the short tyme I have, doe force mee to make an end, and to bid you all 
heartily farewel in the Lord. 

from the James riding at Erith this 23 of Jarij i6i6[-i7] 

your w. ready to be commanded 

Patrik Copland 

May 21, 1617. 

The said day Johne Cruikshank merchand burges of this burght presentit to the proueat 
baillies and counsall a missiue letter direct to thame frome maister Patrik Copland togidder 
with a buist contening the said Mr Patrikis mortificatioun of twa thowsand merkis to be 
laid vpon bank to the behowe of a professor of theologie within the college of this hurt 
Quhilk missiue togidder with the said letter of mortificatioun being red in counsall They 
ordaine the same to be registrat in the Townes bookes ad futuram rei memoriam as also 
to be registrat in the recordis of the said colledge to the effect foirsaid and the principall 
mortificatioun is to be put vpe in the Townis charter kist in sure custodie and keiping in 
all tyme comeing Quhairof the tenor followis . . . [nt supra) (T, C. R., xlviii. 107). 

VI.* 

To the right worll the Provest, Baillies and Councell of Abirdeen 

These 

Right hono", right wor^l, and wellbeloved, I received both yor welcome and louing 
letters ; the one from Dr. Donaldson my kinsman, the other from Thomas Wenton your 
townsman ; for wch and all yo>" loue expressed in them, I thanke you most heartily ; be- 
seeching the Almighty to vouchsafe mee a heart and meanes, that I may shew my thank- 
fulnes both vnto him and your selves by word and deed. You have by your letters 
in parte satisfied mee in that wch I desired to know ; And likewise yielded to my request 
touching Mr John Welsh his sone. I was the more willing to desire that favor at your 
w. hands, because his father lyes here in the Citie of London vpon the poynt of death, 
hauing a great charge of wife and children, and litle or no meanes to sustaine them : for 
neither can hee obtaine that fauour now in the time of his extremity, to returne to his 
native countrey ; nor any mantainance to comfort his comfortles family ; and being thus 
cast vpon the providence of God, I was bold to become an humble sutor vnto your w. for 
one of his sones, to be brought vp at yc Grammer schoole and Colledge. And now that 
you have granted this request, both hee, I, and his sone shall acknowledge our selues 
alwayes bound and inobliged vnto you for this fauor. I am glad to heare of the repairing 
of the materiall edifice of your Colledge, but nmch more to heare of the flooreshing of 
learning in it ; and very sory I am to heare of the departure of Mr William Forbes from 
you to Edr, and that partly for your colledge sake, and partly for his owne, who I feare 
will never be so well respected and beloued in Edinburgh as hee was in Abirdeen. But 
now he is gone, I hope God will raise you vp another in his roome that shall be able and 
willing to doe as much good as ever hee did. The small token of my loue, towit Two 
thousand markes more, wch I intend to send you, I purposed it should haue gone for the 
helpe of that Theologicall lecture read by him. But now yor Schoolemr, mr Dauid Wedder- 
burne writtes vnto mee of a Theologicall Profession erected by the Presbyterie in the old 

* For No. V. see ivfra. 



172 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l622. 

towne : and of a lecture of humanity by yor selves in your new Colledge : Wherefore if 
it seeme good vnto you to adde this vnto that wch formerly was given by my selfe, and 
bequeathed by mr Dauid Chamberlaine, I shall be willing to helpe forward the worke 
begunne by yo' selves, specially if you procure some learned man to take charge of your 
Colledge, and to read this lecture of Humanity, or rather the grounds of Divinity, wch are 
most necessary to be taught ; for I feare Dr Dunne will have too grave a burden to follow 
his owne Profession of Physick, and to attend your Colledge : And I wold be very loath that 
what I haue painefully gained with the hazard of my life, and sweat of my browes, should 
goe to any but such, as takes paines to doe his dutie. Till therefore you haue a Principall 
of yor Colledge that taketh paines himselfe by teaching as wel as ruling the youth, I 
desire that the present Two thousand Markes may goe for entertaining this youth, whome 
now I send : and that the annuel rent thereof may alwayes serue for entertaining One Burser 
(that is no Townes bairne) for his Four yeeres course ; or Two Townes children, for the same 
space ; Provyded alwayes that neither the poore Stranger nor Townes-child pay anything 
to Regent or Principall for their schooling and teaching. Further, my request vnto yo>" w. 
is, that if my Lord Marschall the patron of yor Colledge, should recall his gift, and so 
dissolue yor Colledge (as God defend hee should) that then what formerly I haue giuen, 
and what now I shall giue may be disposed of to such publique vses as Dr Howy in St 
Androis, Mr Archibald Blackburne your Minister, Robert Johneson of Cremound, and 
Mr Andro Clarke (whome I intreate to be my Overseers in this busines) or any Three of 
them shall think fit. Now if you send mee a Coppie of my former Mortification, amended 
as now I write, I will scale and confirme it, and, Godwilling send you the money, before 
my departure out of England ; which hov/ soone it will be, I certenly know not ; but I 
hope not before I heare from you, and haue setled this matter. Thus returning my humble 
dutie vnto yor w. and loue vnto all my good firiends, I rest a wel-wisher vnto yor Colledge 
and Towne 

Patrick Copland 
London this icth of March 1621 [-22] 

I haue dealt afarre off wth M"" Walter Donaldson, who showes mee that though 
there be diuers conditions offend him ; yet if hee may haue but competent meanes to doe 
good to Abirdeen where hee was borne, though they be meaner then hee may haue else- 
where ; hee will be willing to embrace them before any other. And surely if you can 
haue a learned and paineful man of your owne Towne that hath giuen good proofe of his 
learning and diligence abroad, I see not why hee should not be entertained before any 
other. Wherefore if you haue a desire to haue him, let me know ; and it will not be 
amisse to write to himselfe, what conditions you are able to make him, that you may 
haue his answer. Mr John Welsh, his sute vnto yor w. is that his sone may be placed 
in Mr. Dauid Wedderburnes house, that hee may haue an eye ouer him. [See Minute 
of Town Council, 25th April, 1622. T. C. R., 1. 271.] 

Mr. Copland's subsequent letters give us interesting glimpses of College affairs. 

VII. 

To the right worll. the Provest, Baillies and Counsell of Abirdeen 

All these 

Right wor", my humble duty remembred, yors bearing date the Thrld of October, I receiued 
the 24th of the same. By wch I perceiue that you think it a matter very hard, if not 



1623.] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. • 173 

altogether impossible, to procure Mr Robert Boyde to be Reader in yor Colledge and 
Preacher in your Pulpit ; because (as you write) he will not be admitted to such an eminent 
place as yours is, vnlesse he submit himselfe vnto your Episcopall Government, vnto wch 
hee will not yield. Vnto what passe have your Lordly Lords brought the estate of God's 
Kingdome with you, when they damme vp the gate thereof, and will suffer none to enter in 
but such as they themselves list ? Is Scotland become now so quaint and nice, that the best 
Wyne and Salt wch grew and was made wt you, cannot, the one finde a Sellar to hold it ; 
the other a Dunghill to lie vpon in their owne Countrie ? Must france and other Countries 
bereave you of yor peerles Pearles of inestimable value ? W^hat this portends, I cannot 
divine, vnles a transporting of God's Kingdome from you ; and removing of your Candlestick. 
Wei, in hope that God will yet send better dayes, and continue the light of his Gospel with 
you, I will Godwilling be as good as my word when you have procured such a man as shall 
be found worthie of yor Schooles and Pulpit. As touching my going for Virginia, my 
Resolution is the same that it was before. If that honoH Company faile not in their promise 
to mee, I will not be wanting to them. It is not any danger by the way, or difficultie there 
that stayes me from going : for, had I that whch I expect, a comfortable calling from the 
people there ; were there as many Deuils in Virginia as there be men and trees there, thether 
would I goe, for my life is not deere to mee, to doe God service there or any where els, 
whethersoeuer hee calles mee. Thus returning my humble dutie vnto your w. and the rest of 
my loving friends with you, I commit you and them to the direction and protection of the 
Almightie, and rest 

Yors to command 

Patrick Copland 
London this 27 Octob. 1623 

I had scarce made an end of my letter, when I receiued a letter from Mr Robert Boyd 
himselfe, who writes vnto mee that he thinkes that the same let or barre wch hindred his 
continuance in Edr, will stop his Admission wth you. Who knowes whether you may procure 
to him more fauor, than they could : Doe yor best to make trial : for by his letter to mee, it 
seemes he is willing if you be not wanting. Thinke not to have an able and painefull man 
wthout seeking and sending for, and making all the meanes, and vsing all the friends you can 
for his procuring. 

VIII. 

To the right wor the Provost and Baillies of the towne of Abirdeen 

All these 

Right wor'l, my humble dutie to you all remembred, I received yours from Mr Patrick 
Gordon, whereby I vnderstand that you haue been dealing this last wynter wth Mr Robert 
Boyd, to draw him to your Colledge and Pulpit ; but now are out of hope to enjoy him, 
because of your Bishops. Woe is mee that all the rest is so ruled by them, that none without 
their leave may turne the spit. Wei, howsoeuer hee be vncapable of preferment with you ; 
hee is not such vnsavoury salt, as is good for nothing, but for the dunghill. My Cousing, 
Mr Alexander Cullen, writes to mee that you are dealing with your first Primar Dr Hovi^e, 
to recall him to your schooles : and hee himselfe (as it appeares by his owne letter to mee) is 
not vnwilling, vpon your solliciting of him, and providing for him, to come. If you may 
enjoy him, it is the thing I desire, and I will put too, as I have promised, my helping hand. 
But let mee intreate you first, that the moneyes already given and procured by mee, may be 



174 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

extant, that it may be knowen in whose hands they are ; and this being done, that then they 
may be secured for euer hereafter for the vse I have mortified them vnto ; that they may not 
be embezzled nor diverted. For this is one of the maine causes ; yea, indeed, the alone cause 
why Mr Thomas Reed (with whome I have dealt) is so slack in doing you good. When you 
have secured the moneyes already given to their proper vses, and haue made it vp a 
competent meanes for a learned and an honest man ; I will then (Godwilling) send you 
the two thousand markes that I have promised. I am glad to heare that the present Earle 
Marishall hath ratified his vmqll fathers Erection and foundation of your Colledge. And as 
glad to heare of the placing and setting of Dr. Johneson in the Mathematicall Lecture 
erected by Dr Liddell. But Sorye I am to heare that you have diverited some of the meanes 
intended for that profession, to another vse : And that the rest is so ill husbanded that now 
after 13 or 14 yeeres imployment of the principall stock of Six thousand markes (Four 
thousand acknowledged by yourselves left for that vse) you are able to make an offer only of 
Six hundred markes by yeere to Dr Johneson, if he will accept of it. You have done wel to 
provide Nathaniel Welsh to a burse ; I hope you will be as good as yor words to see that hee 
does not want. Thus beseeching God for the dayly prosperity of yorselfes, yor towne and 
schooles, I commit you to the direction and protection of the Almightie and rest 

A wel wisher to all yor happienes 

Patrick Copland 
London, this 24 May, 1624 

Postscript 

Since the writing of the former, it hath pleased God to visite Mr Thomas Reed with a 
grievous feicknes, so that the physicians have given him ouer for a dead man. Though in 
the time of his health hee was slow to further yor schooles (because as hee still told mee, the 
moneyes alreadie given by Dr Liddell and others were not wel husbanded by you) yet since 
his sicknes he hath by his will bequeathed to yor Colledge, his Library wch (as he told mee) 
cost him neere vpon Three hundred pound sterling money ; together with Six thousand 
Markes in money now in the hands of his brother Mr Robert, where it shall continue, or in 
some other trustie hands, till you can procure a parcel of land that may yield Six hundred 
Markes by yeer to the keeper of yor Library, whom he hath appointed to be a Philolog to be 
named by yorselues and your Scholemaster. If God call him to himselfe, he hath taken 
course for the transporting of his bookes to yor Colledge. 

Now Mr Thomas Reed is gone, I hope you will improve his gift to the benefite of your 
Schooles. 

IX. 

To the right worll the Provest Baillies and Counsell of Abirdeen 

these 

Right worll, I received yours, together wth another from Dr Howy my maister and kinsman. 
By yours I vnderstand that you are desirous to recall him to yor Schooles and Pulpit : 
And by his it appeares that he is not altogether vnwilling to yield his consent ; there being 
(as Reason recognises) a competent maintenance provided for him. It's true that the 
not bilfilling Dr Liddels will, and the not procuring and placing of a Mathematicall Reader 
in yor Colledge, did much disharten mr Thomas Reid from doing any thing in the time 
of hie health for the flourishing of your schooles ; although both myselfe and others dealt 
very earnestly with him to that effect : And I think if hee had liued till this houre in 



l633-] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 1/5 

health, he would have done litle or nothing for you, vnles hee had heard that a Mathe- 
matician had by you been entertained, wch (as I heare) is yet to be done. And indeed 
this dallying with Dr Johneston (one whome you well approue of, and who hath given 
good triall of his abilities for that place) hath made me somewhat slower then I intended. 
As for yor fidelity in that wch I have sent, I will not charge you : My desire only is that 
you will set forward the worke, and procure Dr Howy, or some other learned man ; and 
then you shall see that I will not (God willing) be wanting. The doing of this indeed is 
that wch will incourage mee to send you what I have promised, especially if you certifie 
mee that the 5000 merks already sent is really extant and in sure hands for the vse it 
was sent. Wherefore I pray you (to the end that all men here may be satisfied, and 
never be able to open their mouth, against your fidelity : As also that others by former 
presidents, may be incouraged to doe your Scholes good for the future) to send mee a 
coppie of the Audite of yo^ Accompts, vnder the hands of yor Bp, and other Auditors. 
And if Dr Johnestone write also of his entertainement these will giue good content to 
all welwillers to yor Colledge ; and vindicate your selues from the malicious calumnies 
of all such as shall goe about to traduce yor faithfull cariadge in this trust committed to 
your charge. I give you many thanks for providing of Nathaniel Welsh wth a burse 
and care you haue of him for his apparell and books. I would gladly know how hee 
profites in his studies, and what hopes his maister conceives of him, whether he is like 
to prove a Scholer or not. Thus beseeching God to prosper his v/orke in yor hands, I 
commit you and it to his blessing, and rest 

yor v/. ever to be commanded 
London this 22 Septemb. 1624. Patrick Copland 

X. 

Right worll. Yours Aberdeene 25'h of July 1632 I received about the beginning of 
October following by the conveyance of my fellow-minister Mr George Stirke, who had 
been at London and came back from thence. Your former sent by you to Thomas Cargill 
(whereof now you have sent me a copie) either was not sent, or miscarried by the way : 
for I never saw the original. I am glad to vnderstand by you of the happie successe and 
profitable labour of Dr Barron yor Divinity Lecturer, and glader would I have beene to 
haue received a few lines either from himselfe (to v-hom I wrote, and in whose letter I 
inclosed yors of set purpose to draw a few lines from him) Doctor Dunne or Doctor Howy 
to whome also I wrote; but as yet haue no answer, which breeds some scruple in my 
heart that all is not so wel as it should be, and I desire. Wherefore if you expect any 
further pledge of my loue, I pray let mee vnderstand the truth of all yor cariage in this 
trust imposed in you, by my maister Dr Howye or Dr Baron: till wch time that I heare 
either from the one, or other, or both, I can not be induced to doe yor Towne and Scholes 
that good that I am willing otherwise to doe you. Thus returning my loue vnto you and 
recommending you and yor proceedings to the blessing of the Almightie, I rest 

yors as before willing to doe you good, if you be 
not wanting to yor selves 

From my Study an Pagets-Tribe in Sommer- Pat Copland 

Hands this first of febry i632[-33] 

If you direct yor letters to Mr Andrew 

EUam, or the Deputie of the Sommer-Ilands 

Company, they will come sately to my hands. 



1/6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1633. 

[Draft.] 

Reverend and oure dearelie beloved Brother in God yors frome yo' studie in Pagaiis 
Tribe in Sommer Hands i febrj 1632 [-33] we receawed in Maij last 1633 whairby yow signiiie 
that C former sent vnto yow by Thomas Cargill (whairof sensyne yow did receawe a copie) 
either wes not sent or miscaried by the way. As for the sending of it frome this, yow sail 
not neid (if ye pleis) to mak any doubt, for we wold be verie loath God willing in any purpose 
whatsoewir, far les in a mater of so small moment, to affirme hot that quhilk is of trewth 
So yow may be perswaded that that Letter wes sent frome ws, howsoewer miscaried. 
Farder whereas it appeires by yors that their remanes some scruple in yor hart that these 
moneyes intrusted by yow to or manageing for or divinitie professor ar not so weill 
governed as they sould be and as ye desyre, since ye had written to Doctor Baron, as 
lykewayes to Doctor Howy and Doctor Dwne, and frome nane of thame had ye receawed 
anser, howsoewir sr thay hawe not hitherto returned to yow thair anser (whairanent we hope 
thay will mak thair awin excuses) yet yow sail not neid to conceawe the least jealousie or 
suspitioun of oure careage in the busienes, for besyds that quhilk is gewin by yorselff and 
maister Chalmerlane to that divinitie lecture, we bestow yearelie a goode deall of our comoune 
goode to mak wp a competent stipend to or professor who (as we dout not he will acquaint 
yow be his awin letter) receiwes yeirlie frome ws Twelff hundreth merks of stipend, togidder 
with a fre hous for his dwellinge and coalles for serweing his hous quhilk surmounts for the 
annualrent of yor moneyes at ten for the hundreth, whereas now by Act of Parliament at 
or Kinges Matie his late being in this his ancient Kingdome it is inacted for ane law in tyme 
comeing that thair salbe no more anuall taken for the vse of moneys bot eight for the 
hundreth in a yeire. So that by this new law or towne both in yor and other mortificatiounes 
wilbe muche burdined, since we ar alreddie ingadgit and bund in payment of definite and 
constant stipends at ten for the hundreth. Newirtheles by gods grace we sail do oure best 
that nane shall hawe just cause to compleane of or careage in what is intrusted to ws in that 
kynd. In consideratioun whairof we houpe that what ye hawe intendit for the forder 
advancement of this divinitie lecture, ye will rather augment nor diminishe the same in regaird 
not onlie of oure fidelitie and care in the administratioun of what is intrvsted to ws bot also of 
the incres of oure Tounes burdine be the dounetaking of the anualrent of moneyes. All 
farder heirin remitting to yor awin pious and religious consideraone, efter remembrance of 
or toune to yOfSelff bedfellow and childreine we recomend yow and thame with yor labors in 
yor ministrie to the Blessing of God and still remaine 

Yor true and most loveing freinds to Power 

Abd 16 August 1633 Prouest Baillies and Counsell of Abd 

To the Reverend oure werie worthie 

and approwed goode freind Mr Patrik 

Copland Minister of the Evangell in 

Sommer Hands 

Memorand. Doctor Barron to wreitt a letter of this date to Mr Patrik Copland. 

XL 

To the worthy and worll the Provost Baillies and Councel of new Abirdeen in Scotland. 

All these 
Worthie and worll. Yors Abirdeen August 16 1633, I received by the conveyance of 
James Robertson at Billinsgate in London, about the 20th of October 1634. By wch 



l634-] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 1/7 

you give mee to vnderstand that by reason of a law lately made by his ma'ies 
being w'h you in Scotland, you are cast behind hand in your Mortifications, and therefoir 
desire mee to put too my helping hand to beare a parte of your burden, the rather in 
regarde of your fidelitie that way. I did ever beare an heartie affection to your Towne and 
Scholes, and if I were as wel, nay halfe so wel enabled by my Ministry here in these 
Hands, as I was by my service in the East India Companies imployment I would set 
the coape stone on that worke whereof (at your request) I layd the foundation. But it 
is otherwise with mee now then it was then. I here haue buried what in their service 
I got : And I haue expended One thousand pounds sterling and a better peny more . 
then I have got by my Ministry in these Hands. Yet I blesse God I haue not spent it 
vpon my back or bellye but some part vpon setting forward Gods works in these 
western parts of the world aswel as I haue done somewhat towards the furthering of 
letters and learning in yor Towne. Yet may I vnderstand by you that our Smoak (our 
Tobacco) will not blinde but cleare your Eyesight, I will that way helpe you the best I 
can for as yet my land and Ministry produces no other benefite to mee vnles it be food, 
and fruicts, whereof blessed be God, we have plentie of all sorts to comfort our 
selues and to serve our Neighboures. But as for money wee have it not here, neither 
haue we any vse of it. Our litle Hands are another Paradise for food and fruicts and 
sweetnes of ayer, but for white and yallow earth it yieldeth not. Wee haue the Gospel 
of the Kingdome and that contents vs, it brings competency wth it, that wee want not. 
I may now say as once Peter did to the creeple Silver and gold haue I none, but such 
as I haue that am I willing to giue : if our tobacco will doe the turne, I will God 
willing helpe you that way. Thus craving a blessing vpon your selues, your Towne and 
Scholes, I commit you all to his gracious direction and protection, and rest 

Yors euer to doe you the best 
Service I can 

Pat. Copland. 
From my study in Pagets-Tribe 
in Sommer Hands, this first 
of Jary i634[-35]. 

XII. 

To the reverend Mr Robert Blair preacher of the Gospell of Jesus Christ in New Abd in 
Scotland. By Mr Robert Smith qm God preserve. 

Grace and peace firom the rich fountaine of both 
Reverend Brother 

Though vnknown to you, or you to mee by face, yet vpon the report I have of 
you from Mr Robert Smyth a countrieman of ours, who hath often heard you preach in 
Ireland and therefrom acquainted with you ; and who also comming from the Charyb 
Hands, lying in the bay of Mexico, to our Hand sick, in a maner to death, and here 
recovering his perfect health, and bound back again to Barbados to looke for a passage 
to his wife in Middleburrow in Zeland ; vnderstanding I say by this Countryman of ours, 
that you were now removed out of Ireland and called by the Magistrats of the Towne 
of Aberdeen, where I was borne and bred, I have by his meanes conveyed these few 
lynes vnto your selfe, earnestly intreating you to acquaint me with the state of your 
scholes in new Aberdeen, specially whether the Mathematical Lecture erected by Dr Lyddel^ 
and the Divinity Lecture erected by myselfe, be full and supplied with able and diligent 

Z 



178 MARISCIIAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1625. 

Readers in the publique scholes. Dr Barron was sometimes reader of divinity in the scholes 

and preacher in ther pulpite ; since his death at Berwick, I have heard the place is vnsupplied, 

as also the other lecture which Dr Johnson sometimes read ; if so the Magistrates of the 

towne doe mee the more wrong, who earnestly sollicited mee to intrust them with my gifte, 

first and last, and faithfully promised to see it improved according to my mind, which was 

this that the darke Cymmerian corners in the North parts of Scotland might be illightned by 

the Torches kindled in that schole by my gift. I trust S"" Paul Menzes and the rest 

remember their promise : if not they dishearten mysclfe and all other Benefactors to their . 

towne and scholes, from ever inlarging ourselves any further, as I had a purpose to do if I had 

been informed of their fidelity that way : but to speake as I thinke, my hearte did misgive mee 

a little afore I had intrusted them, because by their accounts audited by their Bishop Forbes Mr 

Scrogy and others, and sent to mee vnder their hands, I perceived all of the moneyes which 

I gave for mantaining of their Schoole Reader, to be in the hands of the baillies, and other 

their friends, which I then wished them to put out of their hands and invest them vpon land 

appropriated to their ^iKonovos if ever they desired me to doe any more for their scholes : 

since which time I never received lyne from them, though every yeare, if they had pleased, 

they might have conveyed their letters to Sommer Hands, by the Deputy or any member 

of that society residing in London, who would have transmitted the same to mee. 

Having no further at present (but that the clear Sunshine of the Gospel begins to irradiate 

these western parts of the world, where it is like to sit, for which we daily bow the knees of 

our soulls vnto the father of the Lord Jesus Christ), I recommend you and the worke of the 

Lord in your owne and fellow-labourers hands to the blessing of the Almighty. I rest a 

weake yet faithful fellow-labourer in the worke of the Lords vineyard 

Patrick Copland 
From my study Pagets Tribe in Sommer 

Hands this 12th of the 12th Mo alias 

februar i646[-47] 

If you send mee a few lynes (for which I promise thankefulnesse) you may convey them 
either to Mr Smyth dwelling in Middleburrow by some of your Townes Marchands that trade 
there ; or the safer and surer way is to convey yor letter to the Deputy of the Sommer 
Hands Company residing at London, who will transmit them with the Companies letters in 
their box to their Governor and Council in Sommer Hands by their Magazine ship that they 
send to vs everie yeare about November 

Note on the Professorship of Divinity. 

The subsequent history of the Divinity Chair may be traced in the following 
minutes of the Town Council — 
Dec. 21, 1625. Mr. Robert Baron, one of the Ministers of the burgh, is chosen first 
Professor of Divinity by the Council, under a contract (engrossed in the 
minute) in terms similar to those of the contract with Dr. William Johnston 
(.supra, p. 143). Baron obliges himself "to teich and dytt tuo lessones ewerie 
weik to the studentis that shall repair to him and promisses be Godes grace 
to compleitt and perfytt the holie course in Divinitie in thrie yeires and how 
soone his first thrie yeires course shall haue ane end he fathfullie promisses 
in all tyme thairefter dureing his lyfetyme to preache in the pulpites of the 



1 795-] PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 1 79 

said burght anes everie weik". The Council undertake to pay him 700 merks 
Scots yearly, being the interest on 6000 merks (Copland's 4000; Chamber- 
lain's 1000, infra, p. 182; and 1000 of accumulated interest), with the supple- 
ment required ; and to furnish a free house "or in his optioun to giwe him 
ane hundreth merkes money yeirlie to furnish ane hous to himself within 
the said burght quhair he shall think most convenient ; as also to caus lay in 
to him yeirlie within his dwelling hous ane chalder of coilles on the tounes 
charges " : on the understanding that if any additional endowment come from 
Copland or others the interest thereof shall go to reduce the supplement to be 
paid by the town ; and that, if Principal Patrick Dun die or demit office, the 
three hundred merks paid yearly out of the Common Good to augment his 
stipend {infra, p. 187), be diverted " to mak wp and compleit with the foirsaid 
sevin hundreth merkes ane full yeirlie stipend of ane thousand merkes and 
that ay and quhill the yeirlie annuelrent and proffeitt of the moneyes mortified 
and to be mortified to the said Divinitie professioun amount to the said soume 
of ane thousand merkes quhilk being growen to that proportioun the said toun 
of Aberdene fra thyn furth to be frie of the payment of the said thrie hundreth 
merkes out of their common gude " {Town Cotincil Register, li. 222). 

May 17, 1637. A sum of " contribute be the nichtboures of this burghe 

for the distressit ministeris of the Palatinat " is " eikit and conioynit to the 
moneyes mortifiet by Mr Patrick Copland to the Divinitie Professioun . . . 
becaus the foirsaid contribution takes no effect " (Hi. 338). 

Aug. 14, 1644. Mr, James Wood, Minister of Dunnino, nominated Professor of 
Divinity and preacher in the College Kirk (liii. 5). 

Mar. II, 1646. Mr. John Seaton, Minister at Kemnay,* nominated to the Profession of 
Divinity " now vacant be deceise of vmquhill Mr Robert Baron " (liii. 71). Baron 
had died in 1639. 

Apparently neither of these nominations took effect, for 

yune 6, 1649. The Council present Mr. John Menzies, one of the Ministers of the 
burgh, to the vacant chair (liii. 220). 

yune 4, 1684. On his death. Dr. Patrick Sibbald, one of the burgh Ministers, is 
appointed Professor of Divinity and Minister of Greyfriars Kirk (Ivii. 109). 

Dec. 22, 1697. Mr. James Osborne, one of the burgh Ministers, succeeds Sibbald, 
deceased, in both offices (Ivii. 617). 

May 2, 171 1. Mr. Thomas Blackwell, Minister of burgh, succeeds Osborne, deceased 
(Iviii. 229). Blackwell was the only Professor not expelled in 1717, firom 
which date he held the Principalship in conjunction with his chair. 

yune 20, 1728. Mr. James Chalmers, Minister of burgh, succeeds Blackwell, deceased, 
as Professor and Minister of Greyfiriars ; not as Principal (lix. 428). 

May 25, 1745. Mr. Robert Pollock, Minister at Duddingston, succeeds Chalmers, 
deceased (Ix. 200, 234). Becomes Principal in 1757. 

May 24, 1759. Mr. Alexander Gerard, Professor of Philosophy, succeeds Pollock, 
deceased, as Professor and Minister only (Ixii. 250). 

yune 26, 1771. Principal George Campbell succeeds Gerard, appointed Professor of 
Divinity in King's College (Ixiii. 174, 183). 

* Professor of Natural Philosophy circa 1629-41. 



l8o MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [i860. 

Oct. 18, 1794. Dr. Campbell offers to resign, if Council agree to elect one of three — Mr. 

David Cruden, Nigg ; Mr. James Shirrefs, Aberdeen ; Mr. James Fraser, Drumoak 

They refuse (Ixvii. 41). 
yune 13, 1795. Dr. Campbell resigns unconditionally (Ixvii. 69). 
yune 15, 1795. Dr. W. Laurence Brown, late Minister of English Church at Utrecht, 

is appointed (Ixvii. 70, 94). Becomes Principal in following year. 
Sept. 7, 1827. Memorial to University Commissioners of Visitation anent provision of 

adequate salary for Professor of Divinity (Ixxi. 215). 
A^ov. 30, 1830. On Dr. Brown's death, his son, Rev. Robert J. Brown, Professor of 

Greek, is appointed to discharge the duties of the chair for a session, receiving 

;fi25 from the Council (Ixxii. q6, 97, 100). 
Sept. 20, 22, 1 83 1. Dr. Alexander Black, Minister at Tarves, appointed to the chair 

(Ixxii. 123, 126). 
yuly 17, 1843. Dr. Black resigns (Ixxvi. 221). 
Oct. 24, 27, 1843. Memorial to Government anent Endowment for Divinity chair (Ixxvi. 

243-4 ; Ixxvii. 12). 
Dec. 19, 1843. Mr. William Robinson Pirie, Minister of Dyce, is appointed to the 

vacant chair (Ixxvii. 13, 18). 
At the Union of the Universities in i860, Mr. Pirie's chair became that of Divinity 
and Church History. This he demitted in 1877 on becoming Principal. 



I 



1617.] RATIFICATION OF PITMEDDEN. 181 

XXII. 

The Scots Parliament ratify Dr. Duncan LiddelPs Mortification of the lands 
and teinds heaves of Pitmedden. 28/// June, 161 7. 

Ratificatioun to the new colledge of Abirdene. 
OuRE SouERANE LoRD vnderstanding that vmqle maister duncane 
Liddell doctoure off medicine for the lufe and fauoure qlk he bure to 
poore studentis and bursoures within his native cuntrey and fof incres 
of Letteris % Literature within the samen foundit and mortifiet all 
and haill the toun and landis off Pitmedden with salmond fisches 
moss pairtes pendicles and pertinentis thairoff Lyand wMn the Parochin 
of dyce and frefdome off abirdene Togidder with the teindscheaves 
of the saide Landis To have bene vnite annexit and incorporat thair- 
with And to that effect dissoluit fra the personage of Kinkell q^'vnto 
the saidis teyndis did apperteane Lyik as M"" Johne walker persoun 
of Kinkell for furtherance of the said gude and cheritable work with 
consent of ane Richt reuerend father Jhonne Archebischope of 
Sanctandros be thair pro"'f resignit the saidis teyndschevis in his 
Maties handis to the effect vnderwrittin Qlkis haill landis and 
teyndis wer acquyrit be the said vmq^^ m"" duncane vpoun his awin 
chairgis and with his awin money to ]7e Intent he micht have 
foundit and mortefiet the samen for the sustentatione and vpbringing 
of sex bursoures in the Colledge of abirdene And becaus ]?e said 
vmq'^ m*" duncane wes prevent it be deathe before the saidis teyndis 
wes resignit in his Maiesties handis and the said mortificatioun 
formallie perfyittit and endit Thairfore His Matie being carefull 
that sua godlie and sua cheritable ane wark suld not remayne 
vnperfyittit and want Jje laudable end q^'vnto the same wes destinat 
be the said vmq'^ m"" duncane autho'' thairoff Hes with the aduyse 
of the estaittis of this piit Parliament dissoluit fra the said personage 
of Kinkell all and haill the teyndscheavis of the saidis landis off 
Pitmedden with ]?e pairtis pendicles and pertinentis thairoff To 
remayne separat fra the said personage in all tyme Cuming And 
vnittis annexis and Incorporattis the saidis teyndschevis with the 
saidis Landis of pitmedden with the pairtis pendicles and pertinentis 
thairoff To remayne thairwith vnseparat or dewydit thairfra in ony 



t62 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1618. 

tyme cuming To the effect that the saidis haill Landis fischeingis % 
vtheris abouespcit with J?e teindschevis thairoff thairin includit may 
be foundit and mortified to the sustentatioun of the saidis bursoures 
according to the will and Lettir of Mortificatioun and pro"' of 
Resignatioun Off the saidis teindis in all poyntes Lyik as his Matie 
with consent forsaid Ratefies approves and Confermes the said 
charto*^ of mortificatioun to be exped according to the will and 
mynd of the said vmq'* m"^ duncane Liddell In all poyntes As gif 
the same wer alreddie perfyittit and exped. Qlk his Matie willis 
and declairis salbe ane sufficient right and securitie to the saidis 
sex Bursoures for bruiking and Joysing of the fructis of the saidis 
landis teyndis and fischeingis and thair patrones and overscans 
appoyntit be ])t said vmqle m' duncane for doing and observeing 
off sick chairgis and burdingis as ar committit vnto thame be the 
said Mortificatioun in all tyme Cuming And his Matie ordanis J?e 
haill Conditiounes conteanit in the said Mortificatioun to be obseruit 
and keipit '\ insert in the charto' to be extendit thairvpoun Qlkis 
haill prouisiounes and Conditiounes His Matie Lyikwayis with aduyse 
foirsaid Ratiefies and Confermes. 

From TAe Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland^ Vol. iv. (1816), p. 577, 
cap. 56.* 

XXIII. 

David Chalmerlane by his latter will and testament bequeaths to the Council the 
sum of 1000 merks Scots towards the maintenance of the College. i6i8.t 

yune 13, 1621. 

The said day, In presence of the Prouest Baillies and Counsall, 
Compeirit Thomas Cargill, burges of this burghe, And declairit that 
vmq" Dauid Chalmerlane, his brother in law, sone lauchfull to Peter 
Chalmerlane, chinirgiane to the lait Queene's Maiestie, of gude 

* The Crown Charter to the Burgh confirmed in advance by this Act bears date 20th 
August, 1617. It will be found printed in Charters, &•€., of Burgh of Aberdeen, p. 141. 

+ " Professionem a Couplando institutam auxit David Chamberlanus, Medicince itidem 
Doctor, ex Patre Patricio Abredonensi, Serenissimae Ann« Regina Chirurgo celeberrimo : 
Hie Professioni Theologtcce mille mercas adjecit." Smith's Oratio, p. 17. 



I6l8.] DAVID CHALMERLANE'S BEQUEST. 1 83 

memorie, be his letter will and testament, had left the sowme of 
Ane Thowsand merkis, vsuall money of Scotland, towardis the 
mantenance of the College of this burghe, to be imployit to that 
vse be the Prouest baillies and Counsall of this burghe, for the 
tyme, efter sic forme and maner, as the saidis prouest baillies and 
Counsall sail think most convenient, and to be maid furth cummand 
be thame to that effect in all tyme comeing Lyke as wpoune notice 
given thairof to the saidis Prouest baillies and Counsall be missiue 

Patrick Copland writes of his death : — 

v.* 

" To the right worshipful the Toune and Councel of Abirdeen in Scotland : I pray send 
these by a sure hand 

" Right worshipfuU, my dutie and love remembered to you all, I haue formerly written at 
large from Surat vnto you, and now am the briefer for that. I hope that letter yer this is 
come safely to yor hands. Dauid Chamberlaine that once lived in yc toune, and was brought 
vp in yo"" schole, being the surgeon of the royal James, is now with God, and to witnes the 
loue that hee did beare to the flourishing of yo"" scholes, hath left by his will for the mantainance 
of yo"" colledge 50 Jacobus pieces in gold. I haue sent home a coppy of his will to his father, 
and written withall, both to him and Peter Chamberlaine his heyre, that they would, as they 
loved sone and friend being alive, so now manifest the same by fulfilling that wch he was so 
willing in his lifetime to haue performed. As for my selfe it is my lot to stay heir yet in the 
Country in the royall James, in wch I went out of England : our Commander, people, and ship 
stay, and how can I forsake them ? The troubles between the Dutch and vs in these pts is 
the cause of the stay of all or forces ; what it will come vnto in the end, the Lord (who is only 
wise) knoweth : they haue begun wth the English in taking their ships, and abusing of their 
people in the Moluccos ; and now the company haue sent out another fleete with commission 
from his mat'e to right them of their wrongs. Wee haue had some bickerings wth them in the 
bay of Jackatro, and haue lost some men on both sides: they are fled for the Moluccos, and 
wee stay wth both or fleets in the straights of Sundy expecting their returne. If we once come 
to it againe, it is like wee shal haue a very bloody day : but howsoeuer, this is my comfort 
that I am in my calling, and my life is not deere vnto mee in respect of my ministery. 
Pray I beseech you that God would mantaine vs in or righteous cause, that his providence 
may be over vs, and his Angels about vs to keep and defend vs, that we may yet, if it be his 
good pleasure, be reserved for some service at home, aswel as abroad. The God of heaven 
direct Vs in all or wayes, and blesse you in all yor godly aff'aires. Amen. Commend vs to all 
that love vs in Christ Jesus, specially to such as haue the spirit of prayer 

" Yorsto be Commanded 

" Patrik Copland 

" From or Royal James this 
" 24th of february, i6i8[-i9]" 

Chalmerlane's arms were shown on the ceiling [supra, p. 118) as, Azure, an inescutcheon 
within an orle of mullets argent. So on the " broad" (p. 114), but with the mullets or. 

* Supra, p. 171. 



l84 MARISCHAL COLLE(iE AND UNIVERSITY. [1618. 

direct to thame frome M*" Patrik Copland They hed given powar 
and commission to the said Thomas Cargill to resaiwe the said soume 
and to giwe acquittance in the tounes name thairwpoune Conforme 
to the quhilk commissioun The said Thomas declairit that laitHe 
in the moneth of Maij last bypast he hed receaved in London frome 
Peter Chalmerlane executor to the said vmqll Dauid fyiftie Jacobus 
peices in gold extending to the said soume of Ane thousand merkis 
Scottis money in full satisfactioun of the foirsaid Legacie quhilkis 
fyiftie peices the said Thomas instantlie in presens of the saidis 
Prouest baillies and Counsall tauld doune in redie gold and weycht 
and delyverit the same at thair command to Robert Alex"" present 
thesaurar of this burghe quha grantit the resset thairof . . . Lykeas 
also the saidis Prouest Baillies and Counsall obleiss thame and 
thair successors prouest baillies and Counsall of this burghe present 
and to come To mack the said principall soume of ane thousand 
merkis furth cummand in all tyme comeing towardis the mantenance 
of the said college and that annualrent thairof sic as salhappin to 
be gottin for the same salbe 3eirlie imployit to that effect be the 
saidis prouest baillies and Counsall for the tyme eftir sic forme 
and maner as they sail think most convenient for the weill of the 
said college and mantenance thairof quhairon the said Thomas Cargill 
askit act and instrument. 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. 1., p. 29.* 

* The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to this Mortification is as follows : — 
" Dauid Chalmerlane sone to Peter Chalmerla:n chirurgian citizen of London be his letter will 
and testament left the soume of Ane Thowsand merkis scottis moy towardis the 
maintenance of the College of this burghe to be employit wpoun profite for that 
effect be the prouest baillies and Counsall qlk soume wes payit to them be Thomas 
Cargill in name of the exr of the said umqll Dauid at Witsonday 162 1 
Item the said soume at command of the counsall wes leint wpoun band to 

Lyell of Balmaleidie and Williame Lundie in Lumgar and George 
Johnstoun burges of Abd his cars fra Witsonday 1621 to Witsonday 
1622 
Resauit be the Comptar for the annual rent throf during the said spaice 

Ixvj lib xiij s iiij d 
Quhilk yeiris annuall restis in the comptaris hands to be delyverit to the intrant 
thesaurar at Michaelmas nixt " 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1620-21. 
Chalmerlane's Mortification was united to Copland's, and the states of the com- 
bined funds in i860 and in 18S8 have already been given, supra, p. 166. 



l620.] HUMANITY LESSON. 18$ 

XXIV. 

The Town Council grant a yearly sum of eighty merks to Mr. David 
Wedderhurne for teaching a Humanity lesson every week. xoth 
February^ 1620. 

The Quhilk day Anent the petitioun geuin in to the Prowest 
BailHes and Counsall be Maister Dauid Wedderhurne Maister of 
the grammer schoole of this burgh' . . . becaus at the earnest 
desyre of the magistrattis and council for propagatioun off Learning 
the said Mr. Dauid hes vndertakin Lykeas be thir presentis (wpoun 
the conditioune vnderwritten) he vndertackis and bindis himselff 
so lang as his health and habilitie will permitt to teache ane 
lessoun of humanitie aines everie weeke in tyme comeing within 
the college of this burgh' out of sic authoris at sic hours and after 
sic method as salbe injoyned to liim be the Counsall And 'thairwith 
to compose in latine both in prose and verse quhatsumewir purpose 
or theme concerning the commoun effairis of the Toune ather at 
hame or afield as he salbe requyred be any of the magistrattis or 
clerk in tyme comeing Thairfoir for teacheing the said humanitie 
lessoun and for composing in Latin of all matteris concerning the 
toun toties quoties as they sail occur and as he salbe requyred 
The saidis Prowest Baillies new and auld Counsallis gewis and 
grantis to the said Mr. Dauid by and attour his ordinar stipend 
forsaid gewin to him for teaching of thair grammer schoole the soume 
of fourscoir merkis yeirlie to be payit to him be the thesaurar of 
this bur' at twa vsuall termis in the yeir Whitsonday and Martimes 
in winter be equall portionis during the will and plesure of the 
Counsall 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. xlix., p. 503.* 

* By a minute of the following week, rhetoric and humanity lessons are to alternate. 

Feb. 16, 1620. 

*' The Samen day the prowest baillies and counsall Appoyntis frayday weiklie in the 
morning immediatly eftir the ending of the morning prayeris for teaching the lessoun 
of humanitie in the college of this hurt and till farder adwyisement Ordanis the ane weik 
rethorick to be teachit and the vther weik humanitie out of sic select authoris as salbe 
inioyned To begin on frayday the tuentie fvift of februar instant and ane edict to be 

AA 



l86 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1620. 

XXV. 

The Town Council, appointing Mr. William Forbes Primar on the demission 
of Mr. Andrew Aidye, disjoin the teaching of the high class from the 
Principalship, and found a fourth regency. 1st March, 1620. 

The Quhilk day The Prowest new and auld counsalHs Con- 
siddering that not onlie the 30uth that ar presentlie traynning vp 
within the college of this burght Bot lykwayis the credite and esti- 
matioun of the said College is michtelie preiudgit for want of a 
Primar thir thrie monethis past since the tyme that the said office 
waked be dimissioun of M"" andro Aidye last primar thairof And heir- 
with Considdering that Maister Andro Ramsay minister at Edinburght 
quho was socht both be the erle marschell Patrone and be the Towne 
to hawe suppliet the place is stayed and deteined at his ministrie 
and transplantatioun altogidder refuissit him ffor thir caussis and 
in respect be the erectioun and fundatioun of the said college the 
Primar is appoyntit to teache divinitie The saidis Prowest Baillies 

servit for that effect on sonday nixt both at the kirk of this hurt and the auld toun kirk 
and college" (T. C. R., xlix, 510). 

The attempt to combine the duties of Humanist in the College and Master of the 
Grammar School proved a failure. 

Oct. 20, 1624. 
*' The Quhilk day the Prowest baillies and Counsall haweand considderatioune that 
the humanitie lessone that hes beine teached these few yeiris bygaine in the college of 
this burghe be Mr Dauid Wedderburne maister of the townes grammar schole hes beine 
verie hurtfull and preiudiciall to the said grammar schole In that be occasioune thairof 
the said Mr Dauid has beine distracted frome that cair and solicitude quhilk he sould 
hawe had over his scholares both in doctrine and discipline And many greiffis hath beine 
given in both to burghe and land for the disordour of the said schole and neglect of 
dewtie in the maister both in doctrine and discipline And withall haveand consideratioune 
that the said humanitie lecture wes appointit to indure bot during the will and plesour 
of the counsall of this burghe allanerlie and to be dischargeit againe be thame as they 
fand it expedient Thairfoir and In regard of the preiudice susteaned be the said grammer 
schole throw the said humanitie lecture The prowest baillies and counsall discharges the 
said Mr Dauid Wedderburne of all farder teacheing any humanitie within the said college 
in tyme comeing And ordainis him to attend on the said grammer schole as his peculiar 
charge Lykeas they discharge the thesaurar of this burghe present and to come of all 
payment or answering the said Mr Dauid of any stipend or dewtie for the said humanitie 
lecture in any tyme heireftir" (T. C. R., li. 134). 



l62I.] FOURTH REGENT. 1 87 

new and auld counsallis adwyising how the place salbe best filled 
vpe be a worthie man both for the benifite and instructioun of the 
30uth and for purchesing credit to the College Thinkis it meit and 
expedient that Mr willeam forbes Doctour in divinitie and ane of 
the ordinar ministeris of this burght salbe earnestlie delt with to 
accept vpoun him to be Primar of the said college With this 
alwayis conditioun that he continew in his ministerie in teacheing 
twa sermonis everie weik as he dois presentlie ffor quhais better 
furtherance and help for that ministratioim thinkis it meit that thair 
salbe a fourt regent prowyidit to teiche the hie class to disburdine 
the Primar altogidder thairoff As lykwayis that the vsaid Mr willeam 
salbe free and disburdenit off macking all extraordinar mareagis and 
baptismes that ar not celebrat immediatlie efter sermone quhilkis 
salbe suppliet be his twa collegis Mr James Ros and Mr archibald 
blackburne Swa that ye said Mr willeam forbes sail hawe onlie 
the cair and charge of the discipline of the college and teacheing of 
theologie thairin and na farder 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. xlix., p. 522. 



XXVI. 

The Town Council, appointing Dr. Patrick Dun Primar on the demission of 
Mr. William Forbes, assign to him a salary of three hundred merks, 
subject to the payment of the stipend of the fo7irth regent. 11th July, 
1621. 

The Quhilk day the Prouest Baillies new and auld Counsallis 
being conveinit in the Counsalhous, haveand consideratioune that 
Mr Willeame forbes Doctour in divinitie quha wes principall of the 
college of this burghe be resone of the weyiht and burdenis of his 
chairge in the ministrie, hes dimittit his office of principalitie in the 
handis of the Earle marshall patrone of the said college quha be 
aduyise of the Magistratis and Counsall of this burghe hes preferrit 
M"" Patrick dwn Doctour in phisick to the said vacant place Lyke 
as the said M"" patrick wpoun the conditioun wndermentioned eftir 
long intreatie is moved to accept vpoun him the said office of princi- 



1 88 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1621. 

palitie And hes alredie obteinit presentatioune and admissioun thairto 
With this allwayis conditioun that quhen he salbe burdenit be nobill 
men in the cuntrie in tyme of thair seiknes to repair towardis thame 
as phisiciane That he may lesumeHe do the same without imputa- 
tioun of offence or bruck of dewtie on his pairt And the saidis 
prowest bailHes new and auld counsallis vnderstanding that thair 
is not a competent leiving provydit as 3it for the principal! of the 
said college Thairfoir in significatioun of thair gude affectioun to the 
said M"" Patrick and of thair zeall to the mantenance of the said 
college and propagatioun of learning hes giwen and grantit and be 
thir presentis Gives and grantis to the said M'^ Patrick Dwn 3eirlie 
in tyme comeing Sa lang as he continewis principall of the said 
college allanerlie and for no longer spaice the soume of Thrie 
hundreth merkis wsuall scottis money 3eirlie to be payit to him in 
maner following viz. Twa hundreth merkis to be payit with the 
annualrent of Twa Thousand merkis quhilk hes accrescit of Doctour 
Liddell his mortificatioun to ane professour of Mathimaticques within 
the said college attour the sex thowsand merkis mortifiet be him to 
that vse, To the granting of the quhilk twa hundreth merkis M"" 
Thomas Nicolsoun commissar of Aberdeen Alex"" Jaffray burgess of 
Aberdeen and Johnne Liddell brother germane to the said vmquhill 
Doctour Liddell and executouris testamentaris nominat and con- 
fermit to him consentis and agries for thair entress And ane hundreth 
merkis to be payit with the profite and annualrent of Ane Thousand 
merkis left and mortifiet be vmquhill Dauid chalmerlane towardis 
the mantenance of the said college The first 3eiris payment of the 
said Thrie hundreth merkis at the feast of Witsonday nixttocum, in 
the 3eir of god i"* sex hundreth and Twantie twa 3eiris And ordainis 
the thesaurer of this burghe quha is resaiwer of the profites of the 
said mortifiet money To maik payment of the said Thrie hundreth 
merkis to the said M"" Patrick 3eirlie and ilk 3eir at the feast of 
Witsonday sa lang as he continewis in the said office allanerlie 
Prowyding allwayis that this present grant to the said M' Patrick 
of the said soume of Three hundreth merkis in supplement of his 
stipend salbe no obligatour nor infer any preparatiue to any princi- 
pall of the said college quha sail succeid to the said M"" Patrick at 
any tyme heireftir to hawe the same or any pairt thairof In respect 



1623.] COLLEGE ENTRY. 189 

that the said thrie hundreth merkis is granted onlie to the said 
M' Patrick during his seruice and remaining in the said office 
allanerlie and to na successour eftir him And with conditioun 
lykwayis that the said M"" Patrick out of this rent and stipend 
belonging to him be vertew of the fundatioun of the said college 
sail giwe a 3eirlie stipend to the fourt regent quha teaches the hie 
class of the said college be resone the said fourt regent disburdeinis 
the said M"" Patrick of teacheing the said hie class, quhilk be the 
fundatioun is appointit to be teached be the principall 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. 1., p. 48. 

XXVII. 

The Town Council promise to build an entry to the College, and a stationer s 
shop thereat. nth June, 1623. 

The said day The Prowest baillies and Counsall haweand 
considderatioune That Maister Williame Guild minister at the kirk 
of Kingeduard sone lauchfull to Mathow Guild armourar burges of 
this burghe hes bocht and conquest on his awin proper charges a 
foirhous frome Johne Merser saidler befoir the grayfrier kirk of this 
burghe quhilk hous the said Mr Williame declairis he will mortifie 
and dedicat frielie to the toune in all convenient diligence to the 
effect that they mack a fair and commodious entrie to the college 
of this burghe and to the grayfrier kirk Thairfoir in regaird of the 
said Mr Williame his liberall and charitabill dispositioune in macking 
conquess of the said foirhous to be mortifiet to the toune for the vse 
aboue specifeit The Prouest baillies and Counsall to animat wtheris 
to the lyik charitie and liberalitie to the college promittis to the 
said Mr. Williame within the space of yearis That they 

sail big the said entrie on the tounes charges with aisler wark and 
to big a stationaris chop at the said entrie The maill quhairof the 
said Mr Wi dedicatis to the toune perpetuallie in tyme comeing 
for defraying of the charges in bigging the said entrie sa far as 
the same may extend to 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. li., p. 49. The charter by Guild 
of nth March, 1633, will be found under that date, infra. 



I90 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1623. 

XXVIII. 

William Keith, sixth Earl Marischal, ratifies his father's Foundation of a 
" Gymnasium " in Aberdeen, and of ne7V grants for the same purposes 
the same lands excepting those belonging to the chaplainries of Bervie and 
Cowie. 'jth October, 1623. 

GuLiELMUS Comes Mariscallus Dominus Keythe et Altrie 
Omnibus et Singulis verc Christianis Salutem in Domino sempi- 
ternam Sciatis nos in honorem Dei omnipotentis Ecclesise propa- 
gationem et Reipublicae emolumentum ratificasse approbasse et 
hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse tenoreque praesentium ratificare 
approbare et hac praesenti carta nostra perpetuo confirmare FuN- 
DATIONEM et erectionem publici Gymnasij fundati et instituti in 
burgo de Aberdein quae nova dicitur Abredonia per quondam nobilem 
et potentem dominum Georgium Mariscalli comitem patrem nostrum 
charissimum Virtute eius cartas seu fundationis de data apud 
Aberdein secundo die mensis Aprilis Anno Domini Millesimo quin- 
gentesimo nonagesimo tertio Vna cum donatione et mortificatione 
facta virtute eiusdem fundationis per dictum quondam nobilem 
Comitem praeceptoribus et studiosis caeterisque ordinarijs dictas 
academiae membris legitime constitutis et constituendis De omnibus 
et singulis terris croftis ruddis rigis pomarijs horreis columbarijs 
tenementis domibus aedificijs hortis acris annuis redditibus feudifirmis 
vstrinis maneribus alijsque quibuscunque ad fratres praedicatores et 
carmelitanos de Aberdein vulgo blak and quhyt freiris olim spectanti- 
bus In omnibus punctis articulis conditionibus et circumstantijs 
dictae fundationis forma pariter et effectu in eadem late expressis 
Et banc nostram confirmationem tanti volumus esse roboris et 
momcnti ac si dicta fundatio et erectio per nos ac cum nostro 
consensu facta data et concessa fuisset ac si eadem hie ad verbum 
inserta esset Non obstante quod hie non inseratur neque per nos et 
cum nostro consensu prius facta et concessa fuit penes quos omnesque 
alios defectus inde sequentes Nos pro nobis haeredibus et successoribus 
nostris per praesentes dispensavimus Preterea propter maiorem 
securitatem preceptorum et membrorum dictae accademiae et acumu- 
lando jura juribus ex certa scientia et proprio motu De Novo 



1623.] EARL WILLIAM'S RATIFICATION. I9I 

dedimus et concessimus et ad mortuam vt aiunt manum demisimus 
tenoreque prsesentis cartse de novo damus concedimus ac pro nobis 
et successoribus nostris ad manum mortuam pro perpetuo dimittimus 
dictis preceptoribus studiosis ceterisque ordinarijs dictse accademiae 
membris prsesentibus et futuris a nobis et successoribus nostris Mari- 
scalli comitibus constitutis et constituendis Omnes et singulas pre- 
dictas terras croftas rudas rigas pomaria horrea columbaria tenementa 
domos aedificia hortos acras annuos redditus feudifirmas vstrinas 
maneries aliaque quaecunque ad fratres praedicatores et carmelitanos 
de Aberden vulgo blak and quhyt freiris olim spectantes Cum omnibus 
libertatibus privilegijs officijs dignitatibus immunitatibus ac sub con- 
ditionibus et provisionibus in dicta principali carta fundationis 
contentis et specificatis in omnibus suis punctis et circumstantijs et 
non alias aliter neque alio modo Ac declaramus et ordinamus 
generalem banc nostram Ratificationem ac mortificationem supra- 
scriptam de omnibus et singulis prsedictis terris annuis redditibus et 
feudifirmis alijsque supra mentionatis tarn validam legitimam et 
efficacem esse dictis preceptoribus et membris prefatae accademiae 
praesentibus et futuris pro ipsarum perpetua gavisione earundem 
Ac si singulae terrae croftae annul redditus firme feudifirmariae 
tenementa et alia quaecunque olim ad dictos fratres predicatores et 
carmelitanos de Aberdein spectantes et pertinentes hie per expressum 
et particulariter inserta et mortificata essent Non obstante generalitate 
supradicta penes quam omnesque alios defectus inde sequentes Nos 
pro nobis et successoribus nostris pro perpetuo dispensamus Ac 
etiam declaramus et ordinamus quod vnica sasina per preceptores 
dictae accademiae apud mansionem dictorum fratrum predicatorum 
de Aberden infra burgum de Aberden de omnibus et singulis praedictis 
terris annuis redditibus feudifirmis alijsque particulariter et generaliter 
supra mentionatis capienda est et erit tam valida legitima sufficiens et 
effectualis prsefatis preceptoribus et membris dictae accademiae ac si parti- 
culares sasinae per ipsos super fundis omnium et singularum praedictarum 
terrarum croftarum domuum aedificiorum mansionum et de vnoquoque 
dictorum annuorum reddituum et feudifirmarum caperentur Non ob- 
stante quod dictae terrae croftae tenementa aliaque superius mentionata 
non simul et contigue sed procull ab ipsis et in diversis partibus 
jacent super quo nos pro nobis et successoribus nostris pro perpetuo 



\ 



192 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1623. 

dispensamus Tenendas et habendas de nobis et successoribus nostris 
Mariscalli comitibus in puram elemosinam in perpetuum Reddendo 
inde devotarum orationum suffragia ac etiam faciendo docendo et 
perimplendo omnia alia et singula quae praeceptores et membra dictae 
accademiae virtute dictae principalis erectionis et fundationis facere 
docere et perimplere tenentur secundum formam et tenorem ejusdem 
in omnibus Tantum jus vero patronatus seu presentationis Gymnasi- 
archae et praeceptorum accademiae quos Regentes vocant [quoties ?] 
locus morte demissione vel deprivatione vocabit [sic] penes comitem 
Mariscallum ejusque haeredes et successores Mariscalli Comites 
imperpetuum remanebit Exceptantes tamen et reservantes ex hac 
praesenti nostra confirmatione ratificatione et nova mortificatione 
terras et agras [sic] olim ad capellanias de Bervie et Cowye pertinentes 
in dicta fundatione et erectione per dictum nostrum quondam patrem 
concessa specificata et contenta quae nullo modo hie comprehendentur 
Necnon exceptantes et reservantes omnia et quaecunque infeofamenta 
titulos jura vel securitates per nos quocunque tempore praeterito de 
omnibus et singulis terris croftis rudis rigis pomarijs tenementis 
domibus edificijs hortis acris annuis redditibus feudifirmis alijsque 
respective supra et in dicta fundatione et erectione specificatis vel 
de aliqua earundem parte quibuscunque personae vel personis prius 
factis datis et concessis In quantum duntaxat eadem varrantizare 
tenemur et non aliter sic quod haec praesens exceptio nullam ratifi- 
cationem earundem inferet Sed licitum erit dictis preceptoribus et 
membris dictae accademiae eadem pro vt de jure congruit impugnare 
et annuUare Ac proviso etiam quod nos nostrique haeredes nullo 
modo astringemur varrantizare et defendere dictam erectionem et 
fundationem per quondam nostrum patrem concessam et banc 
nostram ratificationem et novam mortificationem eiusdem sed a 
nostro proprio facto duntaxat per nos nostrosque haeredes in 
preiudicium eiusdem imposterum fiendo et non alias aliter neque 
alio modo Sic quod quaecunque infeofamenta jura vel securitates 
per nos prius concessae si que sint nullo modo eadem varrantizare 
tenebimur Quapropter dilectis nostris Gulielmo Gray vni Balliu- 
orum burgi de Aberdeen . . . et vestrum cuilibet coniunctim et 
divisim bailliuis nostris in hac parte constitutis Salutem Vobis 
praecipimus et mandamus quatenus Gymnasiarchae seu primariae 



1623.] EARL WILLIAM'S RATIFICATION. I93 

dictae accademiae pro seipso et nomine reliquorum prasceptorum et 
membrorum eiusdem vel suo certo actornato Sasinam omnium et 
singularum praedictarum terrarum croftarum rigarum rudarum poma- 
riorum horreorum columbariorum tenementorum domuum aedificiorum 
hortorum acrarum annuorum reddituum feudifirmarum vstrinarum 
mansionum et aliorum quorumcunque ad fratres carmelitanos et 
praedicatores de Aberden vulgo black and quhyt freiris olim spectan- 
tium aliorumque tarn generaliter quam specialiter supra mentiona- 
torum cum suis pertinentibus secundum formam et tenorem subscriptae 
cartas nostrae mortificationis quam de nobis inde habent juste haberi 
faciatis tradatis et deliberetis seu alter vestrum tradat et deliberet 
visis prassentibus sine dilatione et hoc nullo modo ommittatis ad 
quod faciendum vobis et vestrum cuilibet balliuis nostris in hac 
parte antedictis nostram plenariam et irrevocabilem tenore praesentium 
committimus potestatem In cuius rei testimonium praesentibus per 
magistrum Alexandrum Cuik servitorem Thomas Crombie scribae 
signeto Regio scriptis Nostraque subscriptione manuali subscriptis 
Sigillum nostrum proprium appendi curavimus Apud Fetteresso 
septimo die mensis Octobris Anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo 
vigesimo tertio coram testibus Magistro Jacobo Ord de Dumbrek 
Magistro Willielmo Keythe in Craigie nostro servitore dicto Thoma 
Crombie insertore datae et testium et Magistro Jacobo Farquharson 
eius servo. 

[Sic subscr.] William Earll Marschall 

T Cromby witnes Mr James Orde witnes 

J Farqrsone witnes W Keithe witness 

From the original Charter in Mar. Coll. Charter Room ("Foundation 
Charters " No. 8). The deed is endorsed " Aberdene 20 May 
1656. Producit be M' William Moir and Minute taken and 
recordit in the buikes off Excheq"^ conforme to the Act th^anent 
by me W. Purvis, Cls." A duplicate of this Charter is preserved 
in the Town House Charter Room ("College," CI N° i). In each 
case the seal has disappeared.* 

* The infeftment took place on the 23rd of October in favour of Mr. Patrick Dun, 
Principal, and the other members of the College (Instrument of Sasine, Mar. Coll. Ch. Ch., 
Mass i. 27, recorded 19th November in John Mowat's Register of Sasines for the 
Sheriffdom of Aberdeen, Book iv., f. 300). 

13B 



194 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

XXVIII<7. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

William, Earl Marischal, ratifies the foundation by his late father of a 
Gymnasium in Aberdeen, and the mortification thereto of the properties of 
the Black and the White Friars, and of new grants the same for the same 
purposes, declaring a single sasine at the Black Friars Manse to be sufficient : 
To be held of him and his successors in pure alms for ever : The members 
of the Academia rendering therefor devout prayers, and fulfilling the duties 
assigned in the former foundation. The patronage of the principalship and 
[four] regencies is reserved to the Earls Marischal ; and the lands formerly 
belonging to the chaplainries of Bervie and Cowie, and granted in the former 
foundation, are specially excepted from this grant ; as are also all infeftments, 
&c., previously given by the granter on any portion of the properties conveyed, 
subject to challenge by the members of the Academia. The precept of 
sasine is addressed to William Gray, one of the Baillies of the burgh of 
Aberdeen., Signed and sealed at Fetteresso, 7th October, 1623, before 
witnesses, Mr. James Ord of Dumbreck, Mr. William Keith in Craigie the 
granter's servant, Thomas Crombie, Writer to the Signet, and Mr. James 
Farquharson, his servant. 

XXIX. 

Thomas Reid, Secretary to King James /., by his latter zvill and testament 
bequeaths to the town of Aberdeen his library of books and the sum of 
six thousand merks for the support of a Librarian. \(^th May, 1624.* 

The Testament Testamentar Latter Will and Legacy of 
Thomas Reid Esq' Secretary to his Ma'^ for the Latine 
Tongue made by himselfe in his own Chamber at my 
Lord Brookie's house in Holborn the ig day of May 
1624 

In the first The s** Thorn, finding himselfe Sick of Body but 
perfect in Memory leaves his Soul to God and to J. C. his Redeemer 

* " Vobis jam conspiciendos, imo et venerandos propono, sempiterna Regni hujus 
decora, Castorein et Pollucem, lucida ilia Scotice sydera, RiEDUM utrumque, Thomam, 
Jacobo VI a Secretis, et Alexandrum, Medicina Doctorem, quos etsi benefaciendi 
tempore dissitos, conjunctos tamen prodire volui, propter turn Sanguinis, tum Meriti 
conjunctionem. 

" Thomas in xtatis suse vere, prsegnantissimi edidit Iiigenii specimina ; post decursum 



1624.] THOMAS REID'S LIBRARY, ETC. 195 

and his Body to the Earth to be buried honestly as effeirs and 
makes his latter Will as follows 

To witt of the twenty four thousand Merks Scots Money I have 
in Scotland in the hands of my Brother M'^ Robert Reid Mn"" of 
Banchory I leave to the s*^ M"" Rob' himselfe two thousand Merks 
I leave to M'' Rob' Douny myi Sisters Son two thousand Merks 
mair I leave to my Brother D'' Alex*" Reid 4 thousan Merks w' my 
best Cloack having six Laces lined with Plush 

studium Pkilosophicum, pro literaturas humanioris Professione, se competitorem stitit, cum 
M. Davide Wcddcrburno, maximo Urbis et Acadctnice ornamento, et propter meriti 
ajqualitatem, divisum cum illo habuit imperium : Et brevi post PhilosophicB Professor, in 
hac Academia designatus fuit ; in qua provincia, se maxima omnium cum laude gessit : 
sed ad Scicntice perfectionem anhelans, in exteras migravit regiones, Plntonis, Apollonii, 
Democriti, summorumque Philosophorum exemplis ; tantiimque apud exteros inclaruit, 
at post peragratam Galliam et Gcrmaniam, public^ PhilosophicB professione, primo 
LipsicE, et deinde Rostochii, aliisque magnis ornaretur honoribus ; et tandem ob 
singularis Eruditioiiis famam, insolitam linguae Grceca et LatincB peritiam, et in rebus 
maximis gerendis dexteritatem, a Jacobo VI Rcgum doctissimo, in Angliam revocatus, et 
Regi ab Arcanis, linguasque Latinse Intcrpres constitutus esset : Quo munere, tanta cum 
fidelitate functus est, ut omnibus dilectum, et Regi charissimum se praeberet. Multas 
peragravit Regiones, omnes didicit Linguas, cunctas calluit Scientias ; et an consummatus, 
esset Historicns, Poefa, an Orator, incertum reliquit ! Eximium Poeseos specimen de 
Arte Typographica et Pyxide Nautica, aliisque variis, inter Delicias Poetarum Scotorum, 
exhibuit : Et de ejus scriptis nondum editis, sic olim cecinit Aytonus, 
" Et tu RMDE joces, opera inter manca, tninasque 

Scriptorum ingentes, queis si stiprema fuisset. 

Cum lima porrccta manus, non ulla fuisset, 

Calliopes toto Sophiceve illustrior albo, 

Quam qucB RJEDEUM proeferret pagina nomen. 

Nunc ecu rapta tuis superant tantummodo bustis, 

Paucula furtivas schediasmata fusa per horas : 

Qualiacunque tamcn sunt hcec, hcec ipsa revincent, 

Esse Caledoniis etiamnum lumen alumnis, 

Et genium, quo vel Scoti subtilis acumen, 

Vet poterunt dulces Buchanani a'quare Camcenas. 
" Nee tamen peragrinationes, non longinquitas temporis, nee Studin, nee Magnatum 
consuetudo, nee Dignitates, nee Anlicce illecebrae, R^DO, Almce hujus AcademicE 
oblivionem inducere poterant ; nam, in intentissimi sui Amoris erga Abredoniam, et 
officiosae erga Academiam banc Gratitudinis tesseram, Bibliothecce nostra maximam 
optimorum librorum copiam, quos tribus aut quatuor librarum nostratium millibus com- 
parAsset, donavit. Inter hos libros, quidam extant MSS. ut Biblia Hebraica, Historia 
Naturalis, Liturgia Sarisburiensis, &c. Qui omnes, quotquot hucusque cepit Scotia, 
tum antiquitate, tum pulchritudine multis superant parasangis ; quibus, ut et pluribus 



196 MARTSCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

And for the Love I bear to the Town of new Abd and wishing 
the new College Schools thereof should flourish Wit ye me to have 
g^ven and grantit and by the Tenor hereof gives grants and leaves 
in Legacy my whole Library of Books according to a Catalogue 
written by M' John Garden in an old Custome house Book and 
Subscryved by me * and left in the hands of M"" Patr. Gordon who 
shall be comptable for it to the Town of Aberdeen and according to 
another Catalogue written by M"" John Cheyne Parson at Kinkell 

aliis prxstantissitnis voluminibus MSS. benignissima Numinis curjl hue congestis, 
superbit Academia Marischallana. 

" Et ne post instructam Bibliothecam, deficeret librorum Gustos, R^DUS Blbliothecario, 
sena mercarum millia erogavit. 

" O insigne Pietatis monumentum, acre perennius ! Cui invidere cuncta possunt 
marmora. 

"Si qua autem spes est victuri nominis ulli, 
Si qua Novensilibus vis est conccssa Deabtis, 
Cnltores Sacrare suos, Ttia posthuma RMDE 
Innumerabilibus canescet gloria seclis.'^ 

— Smith's Oratio, p. 19. 

" Ille Bibliothecam ttj Koraa-Kevfj insignem Collegio Mareschallano dedit, dicavit : 
cum qu6 loco res nostrae essent ignoraret " (a malignant statement altogether opposed 
to the express language of Dr. Reid's will). Andrew Strachan's " Ad Orationeirj 
habitam anno 163 1 in auditorio Collegii Regii Aberdonensis Coronis," p. 37. 

For details as to Reid's life and writings consult also Town Council Register, xl. 
409, xli. 90, 415 ; Sir Robert Ayton's Epicedium in obitum ThomcB Rhcedi in the Delitice 
Poetarum Scotorum, i. 51 ; Dempster's Historia Ecclcsiastica Gentis Scotoriim, Lib. xvi., 
p. 576 (Ed. of 1829) ; Blackwell's Account of the Erection of the Marischnl College and 
University, 1736, p. 3 ; Wood's Fasti Oxonienses (Ed. of 1815), Vol. i., p. 394 ; Devon's 
Issues of the Exchequer, 1836, pp. 216, 255 ; Irving's Lives of Scottish Poets, 1804, Vol. i., p. 
132 ; Dugald Stewart's Works of Thomas Reid, D.D. (Ed. of 1863), Vol. i., pp. 3, 35, 38. 

Reid's arms were shown on the ceiling {supra, p. 118) as, Gules, a stags head 
erased argent. The "broad" (p. 114) has a curious bearing, evidently intended to be, 
Quarterly i and 4 Gules ; 2 and 3 Or, a fess gules ; over all a stag's head erased argent, 
but the painter has placed the 2nd and 3rd quarters over the head, producing a result 
indescribable in heraldic language. The baronets of Barra bore a stag's head, as did 
Bishop Reid (of the family of Aikenhead), who in 1557 bequeathed 8000 merks to found 
a College within the burgh of Edinburgh, but the Secretary was one of the Reids of 
Pitfoddels, whose bearings were wholly different (Nisbet, i. 349 ; Stodart, ii. 129, 366). 

* This Catalogue is extant in the University Library, bound up with another list 
of Reid's books classified according to size, and having every page signed by Principal 
Patrick Dun, the first librarian. Appended is an " Inventary of Bookes not comprehended 
in the Catalogue subscribed by the Defunct," holograph of Sir Robert Ayton, Reid's 
friend and panegyrist. 



1624.] THOMAS REID'S LIBRARY, ETC. 197 

left in the hands of M"" Alex"" Wedderburn Brother to M"" Da. 
Wedderburn in Abd sicklike subscryved by me Whilks Books ac- 
cording to the s'' Catalogues I ordain to be put in the Bibliotheck 
of the s'^ new College and having considered with myself that there 
is a BiBLiOTHECAR required in such a City who should be compt- 
able to the s*^ Council and Clergy of the s'^ Town and College ac- 
cording to the Catalogues of his receipt and that there could be 
none without a means q'^by to live Wit ye jne to have given and 
granted and by the Tenor hereof gives grants and leaves in Legacy 
the Summe of 6 thousand Merks Money as a Patrimony by the 
whilk the Bibliothecar of the s'^ Bibliotheck may live which Summe 
shall be employed on Profit by the s*^ Town of Abd and by the 
Advice of M' Robt and M"" Adam Reids my Brothers M"^ Dav. 
Wedderburn and M"" Andrew Clerk Advocate ay and q'^ the same 
can buy so much good Land lying in the Town or Shire as can pay 
yearly of silver rent 6 hundreth Merks Whilk Summe of six 
hundreth Merks Money as the profite and duty of the s"^ Land 
M"^ Robert Douny my Sisters Son in Case of Acceptation in during 
his Lifetime and being required in Case of refusal an other sufficient 
man to be chosen by the Principal and Regents of the s^ College 
and Mr David Wedderburn Master of the Grammar Schol or the 
Master theirof for the time shall have yearly for his Entertainment 
and Service And the s*^ Bibliothecar his duty shall be to hold 
his Door open 4 days a Week for the Scholars and Clergy to have 
the use of the Books of the s'' Bibliotheck and no ways to be 
astricted in no further Duty 

From a Document preserved in the Charter Room, Marischal College 
("Librarian" No. i), endorsed "Draught M*" Thomas Reid his 
latter Will in so far as concerns the Bibliotheck in the College 
of Abd. 1624 ".* 

* The greater part of this extract is also entered in the " Buik of Register," where 
it is stated that Dr. Reid's will was registered in the Commissary Books of Aberdeen 
4th March, 1625. See Note, p. 139. Some delay occurred in carrying out the intentions 
of the Testator. 

Dec. I, 1624. 

" The Quhilk day. The Prouest Baillies and Councell haveand consideratioun that 
the soume of Sex thousand merkis money, left be vmqll Mr Thomas Reid, secretar to 



198 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

his Maiestie for the latine tongue, for mantenance of a bibliothecaire, to attend and keip 
his librarie of bookes, quhilkis he left to the college of this burghe, is appointit, be his 
letter Will and Testament, to be employit on annuall rent, And the annuall rent thairof to 
accresce with the stock till the samen amount to suchs a soume of money, as may mack 
purches of land and heretage, within the burghe or schirrefdome of abd, extending in 
yeirlie rent to the soume of Sex hundreth merkis ; quhilk legacie of sex thousand 
merkis is not yit payit be the exrs of the said vmq" Mr Thomas, And whan the samen 
sail be payit, and employed on bank, to the vse foirsaid. It will craive a long tract of 
tyme befoir the same, with the profiles, accress to such proportioune of money as will 
purchas heretage extending in yearelie rent to sex hundreth merkis ; And withall 
considdering, if the saidis buikis sail ly still in dry wairis, during all this Interim, not 
onlie sail the most pairt of thame mothe and consume. But lyikwayis the clergie of the 
towne and college sail be defraudit of the use and benefite of the saidis buikis, for a 
long space of tyme, to the great preiudice both of church and commounweell ; for remeid 
quhairof, and to the effect the saidis bookes may be employed to the proper vse quhairunto 
they are destinat be the Defunct, It is thought meit and expedient be the Prouest 
3aillies and Counsall That the saidis haill bookes and manuscriptls sail be transported 
frome the keyheid, out of the seller quhair they are lyand, for the present, in hogheidis, to 
the college of this burghe, And thair set wp in the college librarie, be Catalogue and 
Inventar. Provyding that Mr Patrick Dun, Principall of the said college, give his band 
to the Counsall of this Burghe To mack thame all extant and furthcummand and for 
redelyuerie thairof back againe conforme to the said Catalogue how sone he salbe 
requyred be the counsall to that effect, and observand sic iniunctiounes tuicheing the 
keiping and preservatioune of the saidis bookes as salbe prescryved to him be the 
Counsall And the said Mr Patrick being personallie present is content to accept the 
custodie of the saidis bookes and to give his band to mack thame extant and furth- 
cumand and for delyverie thairof back againe conforme to the catalogue quhan he salbe 
requyred Lykeas for this effect Alexander Chalmer Deine of gild is ordainit to repair 
the Wyndowes of the college librarie and to give them plett Irne stenshounes for the 
greater securitie, and the charges to be debursed be him thairwpoune The Counsall 
ordainis to be allowit to him in his comptis." {Town Council Register, li. 143,) 

It appears that the books had to be released from an arrestment executed by his 
Majesty's printer. 

yan. II, 1626. 

" The Quhilk dey Mr Robert farquhar thesaurer of this hurt grantes and confesses that 
at the feist of Martimes last bypast he receawet frome Mr Alexr Jaffray Baillie in name 
of Mr Robert Reid executor to Umqil Thomas Reid his brother The soume of Tuo hun- 
dreth merkes money Lyk as Thomas Cargill Mr of the hospital grantes him to hawe 
receaued at the said terme of Martimes firom the said Mr Alexr JafTray in name of the 
said Mr Robert Reid the soume of sevin hundreth merkes money extending in all to 
the soume of nyne hundreth merkes Quhilk nyne hundreth merkes is in full satisfaction 
of the lyke soume payed be the Toune to Johne Bill his Maties Printer for releiff of the 
said Secretarie Reid his librarie left to the College of this burght and arrested at 
Londoun be the said Mr Bill Lyk as it is heirby declaired that tuo hundreth merkes of 
the said soume is to be employed on annuelrent ad pios vsus as the Councell shall think most 
fitting in place of the tuo hundreth merkes left in legacie be Dauid Watsone tailze°r to 



1624.] THOMAS REID'S LIBRARY, ETC. I99 

the toune and sevin hundreth merkes thairof is of the hospitall money and is to be em- 
ployed on annuelrent for the vse of the said hospitall in pairt of payment pro tanto of the 
moneyes fund restand be Dauid Adye late Mr of Hospitall at the fute of his Comptes 
thairof In respect that the Councell borrowet the said tuo hundreth merkes left be the said 
Dauid Watsone with sevin hundreth merkes of the hospitall money for payment of the said 
Mr Billes debt foirsaid." (T. C. R., li. 229.) 

The following is the earliest entry relative to Reid's Mortification in the Town's 
Accounts : 

" The compt of the moneyis left in legacie and mortifiet be vmqll Mr. Thomas Reid secre- 

tarie for the Latine tongue to or late Souerane Lord King James the Sext of 

blissed memorie for mantenance of ane Bibliothecar in the new College of Abd 

extendit at Witsonday 1627 with the annuall that has accresced thairwpoun sen the 

toune of Aberdeens intromissioun thairwith to the soume of four thousand ane 

hundreth tua pundis xv sh four d Conforme to the compt thairof subscryvit wpoun 

the XXV of Sepr 1626 quhilkis moneyis were then restand in the handis of the 

persones following : — 

Restand be Thomas Nicolsone and his cars Jmiiijclxvj lib xiij s iiij d 

Be Dauid Meluill and his cars vijcxxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Be Williame Setone of Udnye and his cars Jmiiijc lib 

Be Williame Forbes of Barnes and his cars iiicxxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Be Mr Robert Farqr iclxix lib viij s viij d 



Summa is iiijmj<=ij lib xv s iiij d 

Quhairof resaiuit be the Comptar at the said terme of Witsonday 1627 the 
soumes following from the persones eftirnamed viz. : — 
From the said Thomas Nicolsone his rest aboue writtin of Jmiiijclxvj lib xiij s iiij d 

Frome the said William Setone of Udnye the soume of Jmiiijc lib 



Summa of the comptares reset aboue speit extendes to the soume 

of ijmviijclxvj lib xiij s iiij d 

Discharge of the Comptares reset wtin written of Secretarie Reids moneyes. 

Item lent wpon band be advyise of the Magistratis and Counsall to Mr James 
Hay of Ranness Alexander Ord of Fynachtie and William Chalmer of 
Allanbwye payable at Witsonday 1628 J"" merkis 

With ane hundred merkis for a yeiris annual thairof till the said terme 

Item to Andro Birnye and Mr AleXf Jaffray his ca, payabill at the said terme of 

Witsonday 1628 Jm merkis 

With thrie quarteris annuall fra lambes till the said terme of Witsonday is 
thrie scoir fyve merkis 

Item to John Wrrie Thomas Donaldson Gilbt Leslie Robert Merser and Alexr 

Brabner his cars payable at Martimes 1627 iiijc merkis 

With ten merkis for ane quarteris annuall thairof till the said terme 

Item to the Clerk for formeing and writting of the bands and comptis of the 
saids moneys conforme to his ordinarie allowance thairanent be the exers 
of the said Secretarie Reid xx merkis 



200 MAKISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

Summa debursit be the Comptar of his intromissioun foirsaid extendis to 

the soume of Ane thousand sex hundreth threteine pundis vj s viij d 

His resset being twa thowsand aucht hundreth thrie scoir sex pundis 

xiijs iiijd 
So Testis in the Comptaris hands for want of wairing 

Ane thowsand tua hundreth fyftie-thrie punds vj s viij d 
By and atto"" the quhilk soume of ane thousand twa hundreth fyftie thrie punds 
sexs viiijd thair is lyand wpoun bank of Secretarie Reidis mortificaoun foir- 
said the soumes following in the hands of the persones particularlie eftir- 
named viz. : — 
Be the said Dauid Meluill and his Cationars to have beine payit at the said feast 

of Witsonday last 1627 vijcxxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Be Williame Forbes of Barnes and his cars to have beine payit at the said 

terme iii<=xxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Be Mr Robert Farqr payable at the said terme iclxix lib viij s viij d 

Be the said Mr James Hay of Ranness Alexander Ord and William Chalmer pay- 
able at Witsonday nixt 1628 vjciijxxvj lib xiiij s iiij d 
Togidder with ane yeiris annuall of the saids soumes till Witsonday nixt 1628 

extending to jclxxxvij lib vj s viij d 

Be the said Andro Birnye, and his car, Jm merkis, with the annuall thairof for thrie 

quarteris, till Witsonday nixt 1628, extending to thriescoir fyve merkis, is vijcx lib 
Be the said John Wrrye Thos Donaldson Gilbt Leslie Robert Merser and Alexr 
Brabner his ca^s payabil at Marts nixt 1627 four hundreth merkis wt ten 
merkis for a qrteris annuall thairof is ii^lxxiij lib vj s viij d 

Summa of Secretarie Reidis mn lyand wpoun band both of stock and profiles extendis 

to the soume of Four thousand three hundreth tuantie sex punds xv s iiij d 

Quhairof thair is payabil at Martimes nixt 1627 Jmv^xxvj lib xiij s iiij d 

And at Witsonday next 1628 ijmviijc lib ijs " 

— Burgh Treasury Accounts, 1626-27. 

At the union of the Universities in i860, the account stood thus : — 

Revenue. Expenditure. Stock. 
" 8. Thomas Reid's Mortification to a IJibliothecar 

or Librarian, Marischal College . . . 12 5 11 12 5 11 365 o o" 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

Note on the Early College Librarians. 

Principal Dun seems to have acted as librarian until 1632, when the Kirk Library 
was transported to the College [infra, p. 218], and Mr. Robert Downy was elected in terms 
of the will. The contract between Downy and the Town Council is interesting. 

" At Aberdeine The aucht day of februar the yeir of God Jn» sex hundreth threttie 
twa yeiris It is appoyntit and agriet Betuixt the richt honorabill Paull Mengzeis of 
Kynmundy Prouest of the burghe of Abirdeine Thomas Colinsone Maister Alexander Jaffray 
Andrew Meldrum George Johnstoune Baillies of the said burghe George Moreson deane 
of Gild and Johne Leslie Thesaurar of the same burghe for thameselffis be vertew of thair 
seuerall offices and in name and Behalff of the Counsall and Communitie of the said burghe 



1624.] EARLY COLLEGE LIBRARIANS. 201 

on the ane pairt and Maister Robert Downy sone Laull to vmqll Williame Downy in 
banchorie and as cautioner securitie and full debtor for and with the said Mr 

Robert on the wther pairt In forme substance and effect eflir following That is to say 
forsameikill as vmqll Thomas Reid Esquyer Secretar for the Latine tongue to oure late 
Souerane Kinge James of Blessed memorie for the lowe he caried to the said toune of 
Aberdeine and wishing the new College and schoollis thairof sould flurishe Be his latter 
will and Testament left in legacie to the said towne of Aberdeine his whole librarie of 
buikis . . . And withal . . . the soume of Sex Thowsand merkis Scottis money as a 
Patriemonie be the quhilk the Bibliothecar of the said Bibliotheke micht leiwe . . . Conforme 
quhairwnto the Prouest Baillies and Counsall of the said burghe for the tyme ressauit 
frome the executors of the said vmq'l Thomas Reid his whole Librarie of Bookis according to 
the Catologue thairof quhilkis were all imputt be thame within the librarie of the said college 
and ar yit all extant within the same in als gude cace as they was the tyme of thair 
ressett and intromissioun thairwithe Lykeas also they resaued frome the saids Exrs at 
the feast of Martimes in the yeire of God Jm sex hundrethe twentie and fyve yeiris the 
soume of Thrie Thousand four hundrethe threttene punds twa shillings wsuall scottis 
money in satisfactioun of the said legacie of Sex Thousand merkis Becaus the remanent 
thairof was exhausted pairtlie for quot and confirmatioun and pairtlie evicted fira the saids 
ex^s sen the deceis of the said vmqll Thomas for unknowin debtis not conteinit in his 
testament Quhilk soume of Thrie thowsand four hundrethe threttene punds twa shillingis 
be the carefull manageinge of the Prouest Baillies and Counsall of the said burghe for the 
tyme hes accrescit with the annualrentis thairof sen the tyme foirsaid of the said toune of 
Aberdeine thair intromissioun with the samen to the soume of Sex Thousand punds money 
foirsaid Quhairwith they intend Godwillinge howsone thay can find convenient occasion 
To by so muche land as will extend to sex hundrethe merks money in yeirlie rent or Sex 
chalderis of victuall to be a constant Provisioun and stipend to the said Bibliothecar in 
all tyme comeing for implement of the will of the defunct And in the midtyme till the 
said Occasioun of bwying some peice of land may be hade And to the intent that the 
scollars and clergie of the said Toune and colledge be not longer frustrat of the vse and 
benefite of the saids bulks The saids Prouest Baillies and Counsall hes admittit and 
ressauit and be thir presentis admittis and resaues the said Mr Robert Downye Bibliothecar 
of the said librarie dureing all the dayes of his lyftyme quho presentlie hes acceptit and be 
thir presentis acceptis the said chairge and office in and wpoun him wpoun the conditiounes 
wnderwreittin That is to say The said Mr Robert grantis him to hawe receawed the day 
and date heirof from the saids Prouest Baillies and Counsall the haill buikes within the 
said librarie quhilks appertenit to the said vmqll Thomas Reid with the haill buikis left 
to the said Colledge be vmq'l Mr Duncan Liddell doctor in Phisick Togidder also with 
all wther bulks within the said Librarie giwen thairwnto be quhatsumewir person or 
persones at any tyme bygaine conforme to the seuerall Catologues thairof subscrywit 
be the said Mr Robert Lykeas the said Mr Robert as prin'l and the said as 

caur securitie and full debtor for and with him binds and obleissis thame thair aires 
exrs assignayes and successors quhatsumewer coniunctlie and seuerallie To keip the saids 
haill books and To mak thame extant and furthcummand within the said librarie with all 
wther books that happins to be gewen and putt within the said librarie theireftir dureing 
the said Mr Robert his lyftyme conforme to the Catologues made and to be made thair- 
wpone And lyikwayes the said Mr Robert conforme to the will of the fundator sail hold 
the dore of the Librarie patent and oppin four dayes of the weeke the whole yeir alsweill 

CC 



"202 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

in tyme of vaikance as at vthir tymes To wit Mononday Wedinsday Fridday and Saturday 
everie ane of these dayes in Sommer frome Sevin ho^s till ellewin in the foirnoone and 
frome twa till fywe in the eftirnoone And in the winter frome nyne till twelff in the 
foirnoone and from twa till foure ho^s in the eftirnoone And Siclyik he sail admitt no 
Schollar to be ane ordinar student within the said librarie without ane subscrywit warrand 
frome the Magistrattis and counsall of Aberdene And these quha salbe deputt be thame 
Quhilks students at thair entrie to the said Librarie sail giwe thair aithes that they sail 
not tak out ane book furth thairof nather sail they blott any booke nor teare the leaff of 
ane booke nor fold the leaf of ane bulk quhairin gife they contravene they sail pay the 
triple of the pryce of the bulk quhilk warrand for admissioun of the saids students to the 
said Librarie the said Mr Robert sail keip and registrat the whole names of the saids 
students in ane paper buik according to the tyme and warrand Item he sail not lend 
furth ane buik to any man of quhat estate or degrie soewir he be Item he sail mak 
tables and indices of the haill buiks within the said librarie ordine alphabetico of ewerie 
science be thame selffis for the commodious vse of the saidis schollars Item he sail keip 
the saids buiks frie firome dust and corruptioun and sail hawe a fyre for that effect as 
necessitie requyres Item he sail subject himselff to all these conditiounes and quhatsoewir 
els salbe thocht fittinge be the counsall of Aberdeine for the tyme to be sett doune heirefter 
for the Weill of the saids students buiks and Bibliotheck For the quhilks caussis the saids 
Prouest Baillies and Counsall Bindis and obleissis thame and thair successors 
Prouest Baillies and Counsall of the said hurt in tyme comeing To thankfuUie content 
pey and delywer to the said Mr Robert Downye yeirlie and ilk yeire dureing all the dayes 
of his lyftyme The soume of Sex hundreth merks money foirsaid at twa vsuall termes 
in the yeir Witsonday and Martimes in winter be equall portiounes The first termes 
peyment thairof beginand at the feast of Witsonday nixttocume in the yeir of God Jm sex 
hundrethe threttie twa yeires and so furthe termelie thaireftir indureing the dayes of his 
lyftyme Prowidinge allvayes that howsone the Prouest Baillies and Councell salhappin to 
by so muche land as will extend in yeirlie rent to Sex hundreth merks vsuall Scotts money 
or sex chalders victuall for the vse of the said Bibliothecar The said Mr Robert sail accept 
the rent of the said land fra thane furth and manageing thairoff himselff in full satisfactioun 
of his said stipend of sex hundrethe merks in all tyme thaireftir dureing the space foirsaid 
all fraud and gyill secludit . . . 

[Signed] P. Menzeis prowest 

Sir T, Burnett witnes Thomas Colinsone baillie 

Patrik Dune P. witnes Mr A Jaffray baillie 

Mr Vedast Lowsone witnes A. Meldrum baillie 

Mr Robert Reid witnes George Johnstoun baillie 

Jo. Ingrahame witnes Ro. Downy " 

Town House Charter Room (" College ") C-^. No. 2 (see Relative Minute of same date, 
Towti Council Register, lii. 45). The two next papers also refer to the relations between the 
town and their first public librarian, viz. : 

C^. 3. Contract between the saids parties, proceeding on the narrative that this 
Mortification, as well as the Mortification to the kirk of Futtie, had been much reduced 
by Bankruptcies and by super expenditure, and therefore nominating the said Robert 
Downy to the Office of Catechist of Futtie, for discharge of which duty, in addition to the 
Office of Librarian, he shall be paid yearly 700 merks Scots — dated 3rd August, 1652. 

C^. 4. Contract between the saids parties, deducting certain yearly sums for the foresaid 
salary, to make up the losses in the Library, occasioned by the Librarian's negligence, 



1624.] 



EARLY COLLEGE LIBRARIANS. 



203 



amounting to ;^38g Scots, and restoring him to his office, from which he had been dismissed 
for his negligence — dated 14th November, 1659. (See T. C. R, of same date, liv. 121.) 

Robert Downy, Reid's nephew, was A.M. and Minister at Futtie. (See Irving's 
Lives of Scottish Writers, ii. 48, where he is erroneously styled Librarian of King's 
College; Maidment's Catalogues of Scottish Writers, 119; and Forbes' Funerals, 
Reprint of 1845, P- 40i') 

On Downie's death the Council nominated David Gregorie* burgess, to the vacant 

* This is David Gregorie of Kinnairdie, the ancestor of the senior line of Academic 
Gregories. Chalmers, in his General Biographical Dictionary (1812-17), Vol. xvi., p. 289, speaks 
of the Scottish Gregories, famed in mathematics and in medicine, as " this learned family which 
has given sixteen professors to British Universities", The story of the sixteen professors is 
reproduced in many later works, such as the current editions of the Encyclopcedia Dritannica, 
and Chambers's Encyclopcsdia ; but I have failed to identify more than twelve. 

Mr. Gallon introduces the Gregories in his Hereditary Genius ; indeed they furnish one 

of the strongest cases in support of his theory ; but his genealogical tree of the family is neither 

complete nor accurate so far as it goes. In the appended table are indicated, after the names of 

the professors, the Universities where they taught, their subjects, and the dates of their incumbencies. 

James Gregory. David Anderson " of Finzeauch ". 

John " of Drumoak " = Janet. 



David " of Kinnairdie ' 



James, St. And., Math., 1669-74 ; Edinb., Math., 1674-5. 



I I I I I 

David, Edinb., James, St. And., Charles, Isabel, mar. Margaret, 

Math., 1683-91; Math., 1688-01; St. And., Patrick Innes. mar. Lewis 

Oxf., Astr., Edinb., Math., Math., | Reid. 

1691-1708. 1691-1725. 1707-39. John Innes. 



James, King's Coll., 
Med., 1725-32. 



Alex. Innes, 

Mar.Coll.,Phil., 

1739-42. 



David, Oxf., 

Mod. Hist., 

1724-67. 



David, St. And., 
Math., I739-63. 



Thomas Reid, King's Coll., James, King's Coll., John, King's Coll.. Phil., 
Phil., 1751-64 ; Glasg., Med., 1732-55. 1746-49 ; do. Med., 

Phil., 1764-96. 1755-66; Edinb., 

Pract. of Med., 
1766-73. 



James, Edinb., Inst, of Med., 1776-i 
do. Pract. of Med., 1790-1821. 



Dorothea, mar. Rev. 
Archibald Alison. 

William, King's Coll., Chem., 1839-44 ; IVilliam Pulteney Alison, Edinb., 
Edinb., Chem., 1844-58. Med. Juris., 1820-1 ; do. Inst, of 

Med., 1821-1842 ; do. Pract. of 
Med., 1842-55. 

It will be seen that fourteen professors are included in this table, but the two whose names 
are italicised cannot, from their dates, be reckoned among Chalmers's sixteen. The late Sir 
Alexander Grant, in his Story of the University of Edinburgh, Vol. ii., p. 405, has thus curiously 
paraphrased Chalmers's statement :— " James Gregory [Professor 1776-1821] was the sixteenth 
professor that had spnmg from the loins of David Gregory, Esq. of Kinnairdie ". 

It may be added that a sister of David Anderson of Finzeauch was mother of George 
Jamesone, the painter, whose daughter Mary married her second cousin, Professor James Gregory. 
The present male representative of this branch of the family is William Villeneuve Gregory, 
Major, R.A. ; of the senior branch, descended from David Gregory of Kinnairdie the represen- 
tative appears to be Silas Wright Gregory of San Francisco, a citizen of the United States. 
{^Records of the Family of Gregory. By Philip Spencer Gregory, 1886.) 



204 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1624. 

office, 4th November, 1663 (Town Council Register, liv. 484) ; and on gth January, 1669 
(T. C. R., Iv. 158), Thomas Gray, son to the deceased Provost Gray, was appointed to 
succeed Gregorie. In these appointments the College seems to have acquiesced. But 
the Council having issued a Commission dated 22nd October, 1673 (T. C. R., Iv, 526) in 
favour of William Alexander, student of divinity, the College refused to recognise their 
right of patronage, and on the 30th of the same month admitted Robert Paterson, 
one of the Regents, as Librarian. This action led to a protracted lawsuit before 
the Lords of Session. The Council maintained that a public library under their 
charge existed before the date of Reid's bequest and that " Mr James Ross sometyme 
minister in Abd did keep the saids books ane great pairt of his tyme and that in the 
upper roume of the sessione house of Abd and Mr David Wedderburne efter him (in 
anno Jn>vjc and ten) in qch tyme thr wer not so much as ane shaddow of ane bibliothick 
in the coUedge and the touns biblipthick wes kepped in the said kirk sessione house at 
ane great distance from the said colledge as is notar And herefter the same was keeped by 
Mr Patrick Dune as will be proven by famous witnessis as the minister of Kintor, Mr Duncan 
Liddell and many other old men ". [Information : Magistrates to Baillie Alexander, 1675. 
Town House Charter Room C^. No. 7.] On July 19th, 1674, Mr. Robert Reid of Birnes, 
minister at Banchorie (retoured heir to Secretary Reid, his grand-uncle, August 14th), 
" divolves assignes and dispones the said right of patronage off the said Bibliothicke off 
the foirsaid Colledge Marischall and presentatione of ane Bibliothecar therwnto . . . 
frae him and his foirsaids to and in favoures off the said doctor James Leslie, principal, 
Mr Alexander Alexander, Mr Robert Patersone, Mr George Peacock, and Mr John 
Farquhar, regents of the said Colledge and their successors." [Condescendence : recorded 
13th February, 1675. Mar. Coll. Charter Room " Library," Nos. 6, 7, 8.] On June 29th, 
1675, the Lords " finds and declares that the Principall and Regents of the College of 
New Aberdeen and Master of the New Grammar School of the said Burgh have by the 
foresaid Testament and Mortification and by the condescendence and agreement past 
betwixt them and the said Mr Robert Reid in manner abovementioned, the sole and 
undoubted Right of Presentation of the Bibliothecar to the foresaid place, and that the 
said Mr Robert Paterson as being admitted and presented by them in manner foresaid has 
the sole and undoubted right to the said office haill profits and emoluments belonging 
thereto during his Liftime. And therefore decerns and ordains the said Provost Baillies 
and Town Councill of Abd and the said Mr William Alexander as having right from 
them to desist and cease from troubling and molesting the said Mr Robert Paterson in 
the peaceable possession of the said office and uplifting the haill profits and emoluments 
thereof in all time coming And also the said Defenders and their successors to make 
payment to the said Pursuer of the said soume of six hundred merks yearly of sallary." 
[Mar. Coll. Ch. Room " Library," No. 10.] 

The salary seems to have been paid very irregularly. A Memorial in Mr. Paterson's 
hand dated 1707 [No. 13] contains an *' Abstract of soums which have been taken and 
keepit from Secretary's Mortification and ought to be restored to it " showing a total 
of upwards of 13,500 pounds Scots. On 28th May, 1707, the Council agree to pay him 
during his lifetime the interest of 10,000 merks, on the understanding that at his death 
or demission no Librarian shal be appointed save at a salary of 100 merks, that the 
principal may accumulate to the sum of 10,000 merks. [T. C. Charter Room, C^ No. 8.] 



1624.] DAVID CHALMER'S BEQUEST. 20$ 

XXX. 

David Chaimer, cordincr, mortifies 100 pounds Scots to the College and Kirk. 

1624.* 

May 26, 1624. 

The said day in presence of the Prouest baillies and Counsall 
Compeirit WilHame Spence cordonar and Johne Anderson cordonar 
burgessis of Aberdeine quha being addebtit to vmq" Dauid Chalmer 
cordonar burges of the said burghe the tyme of his deceas in the 
Soume of Ane hundreth pundis money proportionalHe betuixt thame 
as is wndirwrittin Viz the said Wilhame Spence being addebtit to him 
in the soume of Ane hundreth merkis and the said Johne Andersone 
in the soume of fyftie merkes conforme to thair seuerall bandis giwen 
to the said vmq" Dauid thairwpone And in respect the said vmq" 
Dauid be his letter will and testament left in legacie to the kirk 
and college of new Aberdeine the soume of Ane hundreth pundis 
money equallie betuixt thame Reservand the annuallrent thairof to 
Janet Cardno his spous during hir lyftyme and that m"" Williame 
Chalmer thesaurar clerk quha obteinite of o"" Soverane lord the gift 
of escheat of all gudes gear moveabill and vnmoveabill quhilk per- 
teinit to the said vmq" Dauid Chalmer or vmq" Johne Chalmer his 
sone Become in his maiesties handis be the bastardrie of the said 
vmq" Dauid or as last air to the said vmq" Johne gawe his band 
notwithstanding of his said gift for payment to the prouest baillies 
and counsall of this burghe of the said soume of Ane hundreth 
pundis to be maid furthcummand be thame and to be equallie 
devydit and payit to the kirk and college of the said brugh out of 
the first and rediest of the saidis escheat gudes Thairfoir the saidis 
Williame Spence and Johnne Andersone be speciall directione of the 
said M"" Williame Chalmer donator foirsaid and for implement and 
satisfactioun of the said band payit and tauld doune in redie money 
reallie and with effect the said soume of Ane hundreth pundis to 
witt the said Williame Spence payed the soume of Ane hundreth 
markis thairof and the said Johne Andersone the soume of fyftie 

* On the " broad " of David Chamberlane [sic'] the arms are identical with those of David 
Chalmerlane [supra, p. 183], save that the field is sable. 



906 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UKIVERSITY. [1624, 

markis in presens of the saidis prouest baillies and consall quha ap- 
pointit the same to be delyuerit to George Anderson present maister 
of the Kirkwark of this burghe to the vse aboue specifeit And the 
said George being personaUie present grantit the resset of the said 
soume of Ane hundreth pundis from the saidis Wilhame Spence 
and John Andersone in name of the said M' Williame Chalmer for 
satisfactioune of his band above mentioned And be resone of his 
resset thairof the said George Andersone for him selff as Maister 
of kirkwork foirsaid and also the saidis Prouest baillies and Counsall 
for thameselffis exoners quytclames and discharges the said M"" William 
Chalmer donator foirsaid and also the saidis Williame Spence and 
Johne Andersone and ilk ane of thame thair airis ex's and assig- 
nayis of the said soume of Ane hundreth pounds and haill contentis 
of the said band giwen thairwpone be the said M"" Williame and of all 
soumes of money or legacies left be the said vmq" Dauid Chalmer 
to the said kirk and college of new Abd: or aither of thame sim- 
pliciter and for ewir Lykeas the saidis Prouest baillies and counsall 
become actit to mack the said soume of Ane hundreth pundis furth 
cummand to the said kirk and college eftir the deceas of the said 
Janet Cardno as lyikewayis to pay the ordinarie annuallrent thairof 
to the said Janet 3eirlie and termelie in tyme comeing at witson- 
day and martimes in wynter be equall portiounes during all the 
dayis of hir lyftyme 

From the Town Council Register^ Vol. li., p. 96.* 

* To the note of this bequest in " The Book of the Mortificationes of the Burgh of 
Aberdein " (Vol. i., p. 36) is appended the following in a different hand: "8th Octob. 
1658. This Mortification in so far as concernes the colledge is satisfied to the colledge 

" [Signed] Mr Wm Moir principall." 

From the "Bulk of Register" we learn the nature of the "satisfaction". "The 
toune counsel gave ane bell to the college in content of this mortificaone in the yeir 1658." 



1629.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES. 20J 

XXXI. 

Alexander Irvine; of Drum, by his latter will and testament, bequeaths to the 
Provost, Baillies, &"€ of Aberdeen the sum of ten thousand pounds Scots 
for the maintenance of bursars at the Grammar School and at Marischal 
College, 26th December, 1629/ and his son. Sir Alexander Irving, Knight, 
destinates the lands of Kinmuck and Richarcharie for behoof of the said 
bursars. 12th April, 1656.* 

I. 

The Testament legacie and letter will of Alex"" Irving of 
Drum so far as the same concernes the Town of 
Aberdene dated at Kellie in Angus 26 December 1629 

And forder because it hath pleased God the Lord of his 
mercy to prolong my days for the education and prouision of all 

* " Inter maximos Academiac Marischallanac Parenics et Patronos numerari meruit 
D. Alexander Irvinus, antiquissimus Baro de Drum, qui immense, sua munificentiA 
et pietate, non minorem sibi et posteris paravit gloriam, quam rebus praeclare in Scotia 
gestis, ab illustri Irvinorum gente, magnanimi ipsius meruere Majores; quorum in annali- 
bus, imo et omnium ore, tot egregia facinora, et tanta in Scotiam merita prostant, ut 
Irvinorum fortitudinem baud aequent, bellicosa CorncUoriim aut Scipionum nomina : Nobis 
currentibus, ex ampla Irvinorum segete, unum aut alterum memorare liceat. 

" Primo igitur intuemini Gulielmum, gentis suae Principem, Roberto Brussio 
Scotorum Regi, et Marti alteri, mordicus adhaerentem ; quern a fidelitate nulla terrebant 
pericula, nee pelliciebant praemia : Achilles hie Scoticus, ob animi et corporis fortitudinem 
et inviolabilem erga Regem amorem (a.d. 1306) Armiger Regius creabatur, et per omnes 
belli clades, Regnique ruinas, Regent impavide et constanter comitatus, omnibus interfuit 
praeliis, et maximo semper versatus in discrimine. 

" Tanti Heros dignissimam progeniam se praestitit Alexander, animi et corporis 
robore etiam insignis ; qui in praslio (a.d. 141 i) Harlaensi strenuissime rebellium /«- 
sulanorum fregit potentiam, et sanguinem fudit; hie McLennum (vel, ut habet Boetius, 
Lib. 16, Makgillan) praecipuum, post Donaldum, Hebrcdianorum Ducem, proprio interfecit 
Marte ; eo in praelio Alexander magnanimos ducebat Abrcdonenses ; quam provinciam 
Irvinorum Principes, per multos annos tenuere : Ast victoriae hujus pretium suo pependit 
sanguine, nam validissime pro Rcge dimicans, cum D Roberto Davidsono Equite Aurato, 
Consule Abredonensi, multisque aliis, in campo Martio occubuit. 

" Maxime etiam de Patria et stirpe Regia meruit {Boet., Lib. 17) Alexander Irvinus 
de Drum, qui Illustrissimum D. Gulielmum Dominum de Hay, Magnum Scotiae Con- 
stabulariutn, in Angliam comitatus erat, ut Jacobum I. Regem optimum, post octodecim 
annorum captivitatem et malorum Iliada, in patriam (a.d. 1424) reduceret. 

" Memorandum etiam hie esset, strenuum et opportunum subsidium, quod Jacobo 



208 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1629. 

my bairnes and both then and sen syn hath blessed and incressed 
my meanes Quhairof lest I should prove forgetfull in not rendering 
bak a pairt for sacred and pious vses Thairfoir for the mantenance 
of letteres Be thir presentes I Leave Mortifie and destinattes Ten 
thousand punds Scottes money quhilk is now in possession and 
keiping of Marion Douglas my spous all in gold and weight 
appointed for the vse wnderwrittin of hir awin knowlege and most 
willing consent To be presentlie delyuered to the Provest Baillies 
and Councell of Aberdene and to be bestowed and employed be 
thame wpon land and annuelrent in all tyme heirefter to the effect 
after following To wit Thrie hundreth and tuentie punds of the 
annuelrent thairof to be 3eirlie employed heirefter on four scholleres at 
the Grammar scoole of Aberdene for the space of four 3eires ilk ane 
of thame four score punds and wther four hundreth punds payed 
3eirlie to wther four scolleres at the CoUedge of New Aberdene and 
studentes of Philosophic thairat ilk ane of thame ane hundreth 
punds dureing lykwayes the space of four 3eires And als I ordain 

III. Regi, ad incitas redacto, contulit Irvinorum Princeps, cum non ex igna clientium et 
amicorum manu in (a.d. 1450) prajlio Brechincnsi. Sed quantumcunque bello claruere 
alia Irvinorum gentis decora omnium tamen gloriam auxit D. Alexander, Maecenas 
noster, qui plures, MunificentiS sui egit triumphos, quam ipsius Majores, Armis, peperere 
trophaea. Hie praeter non paucas Paupcribus, in diversis Regni locis factas donationes, 
Studiosis Linguarum, Philosophies et Theologia:, quindecim mercarum millia (a.d. 1630) 
consecravit : Quam summam, optimi Patris, optimus Filiiis, sic adauxit et collocavit, ut 
annuus agrorum proventus, nunquam defecturus, Decern literarum Studiosos magnifice alat 

" De Mascenatis nostri Mentis, Natalibus, Fortitudine, Prudentia, Magnificentia, 
Pietate denique et Literarum Atnore, pluribus enarrare non licet, nee opus est, quum facta 
ipsa proclament, quantus fiierit : Hie enim Alexander, Macedonem ilium, qui plures 
victorias quam annos numeravit, non tantum sequavit, sed superavit ; multo praestantiora 
et perenniora virtutes suae monumenta posteris relinquens, et ipsius vota plures mundos 
optantis excedens ; Noster vero Alexander, immortalibus melioris mundi delieiis, aequis- 
simo pietatis suae praemio, jam fruitur. 

" Plurimos ex hac prognatos stirpe, rerum gestarum glori& claros, silere cogor, paucis 
tantum enumeratis, qui ad par Glories et Virtutis certamen, omnes provocare possint. 
" Nam hac Irvinorum gente 
Non clarius armis, 
Non alia est, sedis melior cantanda futuris." 

— Smith's Oratio, p. 17. 

On the heraldic ceiling the Drum coat was shown as Argent, three bunches of holly 
each consisting of as many leaves slipped, vert banded gules. So recorded for Irvine of 
Drum, 1627-8. On the "broad" the arms appear as Vert, three bunches gules! 



1629.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES. 209 

to be given to wther tua Scolleres who have past thair cours of 
Philosophic being laureat Maisteres and are become studentes of 
Divinitie in the said new college of Aberdene four hundreth merks 
scottes money To ilk ane of them Tua hundreth merkes of the said 
annuelrent dureing the space of four years also and the odde tuentie 
merks quhilk with the dedicationes aboue specifeit compleites the said 
haill annuelrents of Ane thousand punds I ordane to be givin to 
any man the town of Aberdene shall appoint for ingaddering and 
furthgiwing of the said annuelrent to the saidis scolleres as is aboue 
designed Quhilkes scolleres of the kyndes aboue writtin I will and 
ordain 3eirlie in all tyme heirefter be presentit be my said executor 
as my air and his aires and successouris Lairds of Drum to the Town 
of Abd Prouest Baillies and Councell thairof and thair successouris 
quha shall be haudin to receave thame 3eirlie wpon thair presentatioun 
and shall stand obleist and comptable for the said annuelrent to be 
employed as is aboue appointed in all tyme comeing And forder 
for the love I carye to the said town of Aberdene quhilk hath long 
been entertained amongst our progenitouris but change or breik I 
leave to the New Hospital of Aberdene four hundreth merkes Scottes 
money to be employed on land or annuelrent heirefter Quhilk annuel- 
rent I appoint to be paid to ane quha shall be presented be my said air 
and his foirsaids thairto being alwayes ane gild brother of Aberdene 
and no wther Forder I leave to the town of Aberdeen Prouest 
Baillies and Councell thairof sex hundreth merkes Scottes money to 
be keiped vsed bestowed or employed by thame at thair pleasour for 
manteaning and wphaulding the aboue-designed Yle of thair Kirk 
callit the Laird of Drumes Yle I and my successouris haveing such 
pairt and portion thairof for our burialles as the said Town shall 
think most fitting and expedient at their awin will and pleasour — 
And this last Thousand merks to be payed be my said Executour 

From the extract forwarded by Marion Douglas, Lady Drum, Town 
House Charter Room, " Mortifications for Bursars," M\ 8.* 



M^. 9 contains several documents relative to the Mortification, viz. :— 
Extract Town Council Register, li. 535. 19th May, 1630. 

Instruments upon the Laird's offer and the town's refusal. 2 cop. 22nd May, 1630. 
Acquittance to the Laird: 600 merks to Kirkwork. 8th June, 1631. 

DD 



110 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1656. 

n. 

Be it kend till all men quhome it effeiris be thir presentes Me 
Sir Alexander Irwing of Drume Knicht sone air and executour con- 
firmed to the deceast Alexander Irwing of Drume Forsameikle as 
the said deceast Alexander be his latter will legacie and testament 
mortified and destinat Ten thowsand pounds Scots money quhilk 

Extract T. C. R., Hi. 53. 9th May, 1632, 
Summons, Laird against Town. 2 cop. 12th October, 1632. 
Copy Decreet, 27th February, 1633. T. C. /?., Hi. 97. 
Information for Laird. 25th May, 1649. 
Information for Magistrates. 
There is also preserved (in the coHection of " Letters Received ") a series of twenty- 
six letters or drafts of letters that passed between the Magistrates and Lady Drum and 
her son Sir Alexander, dating from 6th January, 1630, to 28th January, 1633. 
When sending the extract from her husband's will, Lady Drum writes : — 
"To my very speciall 

"My Lord proveist 

"of Aberdien 

' ' Theiss 
" Pleiss your L 

" I doubt not hot ye have hard that my Loving husband of happie memorie 
hes mortified and destinat certain soumes of money to be bestowed and imployed in sum 
religious and profitabl vsses for the benefite of your citie and scholls Qlks soumes ar in 
my custodie and salbe in readines with the first occasion to be delyvered vpon theiss con- 
ditions and fore theiss ends qlks ar specified and expressed in his letter will And becaus 
theiss moneyes ar vnprofitable so long as they remain besyd me and it is expedient that with 
al convenient diligence they be putt to theiss vsses for the qlks they ar apoynted I have 
thoucht miet to adveyise your L hierof that so ane solide and tymous courss may be taken 
by your L and theiss quhome it concerns for that effect And because my vmqll husband 
of dear memorie hes sett doun both the particular maner how theiss soumes salbe distribute 
And vpon quhat kynd of conditions and assurance (qlk I purpose to prosecute and wil not 
alter) I have caused extract the very words of his Legacie as they wer conceaved be himself 
and put doun be his awn hand This I thoucht guid to signifie to your L And so committing 
your L to the mercie of God I rest 

Your L. Loving friend 
" At Kellie M. Douglas 

" 15 Martij 1630." 

The Council, however, hesitate to undertake the Trust. 

May 19, 1630. 

" The Quhilk day The Prouest Baillies and Counsall advysing anent that pairt of the 
laird of Drumes legacie concerning the moneyes mortifiet be him for mantenance of poore 
scholares to be brocht wp in the grammer schole and College of this burghe The copie of 
the quhilk legacie wes send to thame be Marioun Douglas Ladye Drum his relict . . . 
Conforme to the quhilk legacie and for performance and accomplishment thairof sa far as 



I6S6.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES. 211 

was than in the possessioun and keiping of the deceast Marioun 
Dowglas his spouse all in gold and weght appointted for the vse 
wndirwrittin of his awin knowledge and most willing consent to 
hawe bein presentlie delyuered to the Prowost Baillies and Consell of 
Abirdene and to hawe bein best waired and imployit be thame wpone 
land or annuel rent in all tyme thairefter to the effect eftir following 

concernis the payment of the said Ten Thowsand pundis The said Marioun Douglas haveing 
directit hir missive letteris to the Prouest and bailHes of this burghe desyreing thame to 
come and resaive the same and to delyuer to hir thair acquittance and exoneratioun 
thairwpoune • Whairanent the Counsall advysing and thairwith considdering that thair 
resset of the said legacie of Ten Thowsand punds wald mak the toune lyabill perpetuallie 
in tyme comeing in yeirlie payment of Ane thowsand punds for the annuallrent thairof to be 
bestowit for mantenance of the said ten bursares whilk the toune could not wndergo without 
thair great hurt and prejudice Thairfoir they refuisit to resaive the said soume on the con- 
ditiounes above writtin conteinit in the said testament Bot to the effect the same may 
be lifted out of the said Marioun Douglas handis and may be wairit and laid wpoun 
bank to the proper wse quhairwnto the same is destinat till sic tyme as the counsall of 
this burghe may sort and agrie with Sr Alexr Irwing now of Drum Knicht wpoun some 
resonabill and equall conditiounes for setting and establisheing the said soume on the 
heretabill purches of landis for mantenance of the saidis bursares in all tyme comeing The 
Counsall thinkis it meit and expedient that the Prouest and Baillies sail writt and direct 
thair letter to the said Marioun Douglas, desyirand hir to delyuer the said Ten Thousand 
punds to the said Sir Alexr Irwing now of Drum hir sone wpoun his acquittance to be 
given to hir thairwpoune To the end he may wair the same on profile to the vse foirsaid 
whairwnto the same wes destinat and left and be comptabill and answerabill thairfoir till 
sic tyme as the counsall may agrie on resonable conditiounes thairanent as said is " 
{Town Council Register, li. 535). 

May 22, 1630. 
" The said day the Prouest Baillies and Councell haveand learned that Sr Alexr Irwing 
of Drum Knicht hes resauet from Marioun Douglas Ladye of Drum his mother the soume 
of ten thowsand pundis money all in gold in weycht left be vmqll Alexr Irwing of Drum 
his father for mantenance of poore scholares within the grammer schole and college of 
this burghe And that the said Sr Alexr is to mak reall offer thairof to the magistrattis and 
counsall of this burghe conforme to the letter will and testament of his said vmqll father 
Whairanent the Counsall advyising They all in ane voce resolued and concludit to refuis 
to receave or accept the said soume on the conditiounes conteinit in the said testament 
Viz to be lyable perpetuallie in all tyme comeing in yeirlie payment of ane thowsand 
pundis moe to the Laird of Drum and his airis for the vse of the bursares nominat in his 
fatheris testament Bot wilbe content to receave the said soume vpoun conditioune that 
the samen be laid wpoun bank qr best employment may be had and the annuall rent thairof 
to accress with the stok till the same amount to that proportioune as may mak purches 
of herell lands extending in yeirlie rent to ane thowsand punds or fyifteine chalderis victual 
And withall that the said toun of Aberdeine have a hand in the patronage and presentatioun 



212 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1656. 

To wit Thrie hundrethe and twentie pounds of the annuelrent thairof 

to be yeirlie imployit thairefter on four Schollers at the Grammer 

Schole of Abirdene for the space of four yeirs ilk ane of thame 

yeirlie Four scoir pounds money forsaid and wther four hundreth 

pounds to be peyit yeirlie to wthir four Schollers at the CoUedge 

of New Abirdein and Students of Philosophie thairat ilk ane of 

thame ane hundrethe pounds Scots dureing the lyk space of four 

yeirs And als he ordanit to be gewin to wthir twa scholleris quha 

had past thair Course of Philosophie being leirned Maistirs and being 

Students of Divinitie in the said New Colledge of Abirdeine four 

hundreth merkis Scots money viz to Ilk ane of thame twa hundrethe 

markis of the said annuelrent dureing the space of foure yeirs also 

and the od twentie marks quhilk with the deductions abone specifeit 
> 

of the bursares that sould inioy the benefite thairof Wtherwayis disassentit to hawe any 
burdeine of the resset or employment of the saids moneyis or any melling thairwith " 
(T. C. R., li. 538). 

May 9, 1632. 

*• The Quhilk day The Prouest Baillies new and auld Counsallis of this burgh . . . 
Being convenit in the Counsallhous For resolveing wpoun some gude course anent thair 
acceptatioun of the soume of Ten Thousand pundis mortifiet be vmq'l Alexr Irwing of 
Drum for mantenance of poore bursares within the Colledge of this burghe And also for 
giveing answer to Sir Alex Irwing now of Drwm Knicht his desyre of ane buriall in that 
yle of St Nicolas Kirk of this burgh whairin his predecessouris have beine in wse to be 
buried Agries all in ane voce To accept of the said mortificatioun of Ten Thowsand pundis 
and manageing thairof in all tyme comeing Provyding allwayis that sic moneyis as is ower 
the provisioun of the bursares alredie enterit Be sequestrat and employit on profile till the 
same mak out a stok of fyfteine or sexteine thowsand pundis for bying of ane heretable 
annual! of ane thowsand pundis or fyifteine chalderis victuall of heretage at the least 
And that the provisioun of the bursares and number of thame be onlie conforme to the 
will of the said defunct To witt four grammaries haveand ilk ane of thame four scoir 
pundis moy yeirlie for the space of four yeires four studentis in Philosophie haveand ilk 
ane yeirlie during thair four yeires course thairin ane hundreth punds moy And two 
studentis in Divinitie haveand ilk ane of thame twa hundreth merks yeirlie during the 
lyik spaice of four yeiris And withall that the Prouest Baillies and Counsall of this burghe 
have the patronage and admissioun of fywe of the saidis bursares in tyme comeing and 
no wtherwayis And the Counsall resaiveand satisfactioun anent the premiss in maner 
foirsaid They grant firie libertie of buriall to the said Laird of Drum his Ladie and children 
wnforisfamiliat in the yle of said kirk quhair the Lairdis of Drwm ar in wse to be buriet 
Bot refuiss absolutlie to designe any boundis of propertie to thame in the said yle for 
that effect" (T. C. R., lii. 53). 

The subsequent proceedings will be understood from the terms of the bond of 1656. 



1656.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES. 213 

complets the haill annuelrent of ane thowsand pounds money 
forsaid the said deceist Alexander ordained to be gewin to any man 
the Toun of Abirdene sould appoint for ingathering and furthe giffing 
of the said annuel rent to the saids Schollers as is abone designed 
quhilkis Schollers of the kynde abone writin he willed and ordained in 
all tyme thaireftir to be presented be me his executor and air and 
my airis and executouris Lairds of Drum to the Toun of Abirdein 
Prowost Baillies and Consell thairof and thair successours quha sould 
be holdin to resawe thame yeirlie wpoun thair presentations and stand 
obleist and comptable for the said annuelrent to be imployed as is 
abone appointted in all tyme thaireftir as the said deceast Alexander 
his lattir will and testament of the dait the twentie sext day of De- 
cembir J'" sex hundrethe twenty-nyn yeris mortificatioun and destina- 
tioun thairin specifeit at mair lenthe is conteined And in lyk maner I 
haweing raised summonds at my instance as air serweit and retourit 
to my said deceist father and as executor confirmed to him against the 
deceist Sir Paul Meng3eis of Kinmundie Kniiht Prowost of Abirdein 
than designit Paule Meng3eis Patrik Leslie the deceast Mr Widest 
Lawsone and Gilbert Collisone and Mr Thomas Gray than Baillies of 
the said Burg the deceast Mr Mathew Lumussdene Dean of Gild 
and Charles Kile than Thesaurer of the said Burgh for thamselfis 
and in name and behalf of the Consell of the same Burgh and als the 
deceast Maister Patrik Dwn Principall of the said New Colledge of 
Abirdein Mr Johne Setoun Mr John Ray Mr Hew Gordone and Mr 
Williame Aidie Regentis and Maisters of the said New Colledge and 
the deceast Mr Dauid Wedderburne Maister of the Grammer 
Schole and all and sundrie the burgessis inhabitantis and communitie 
of the said Burghe and haill Schollers and Studentis of Philosophic 
and Diwinitie in the said Colledge of Abirdein and haill scholleris in 
the Grammer Schole thairof and the tuttoris and curatoris of so 
many of tham as war minoris and all wther haweing or pretending 
to hawe entres desyring thame to be decernit to resawe from me 
the said soume and to wair and imploy the same conforme to the said 
testament quhilkis the saidis Prowost Baillies and Consell refuised to 
resawe g.s in the said summondis at lenthe is conteined In respect 
quhairof the Lordis and Consell of the Sessioun be thair decreet 
following thairupone of the dait at Edinburghe the twentie-sewint 



214 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1656. 

day of Februar J'"vj'= and threttie-thrie yeiris decernit and ordanit 
me to hawe retentione and keiping of the said sowme of Ten thowsand 
poundis money forsaid frie without payment or annuelrent for the 
same quhill the feist and terme of Witsonday in the yeir of God 
jmyjc j^nd fourtie yeirs at the quhilk terme they decernit and ordained 
me to prowyde for the vse of the saidis ten Schollers and Bursars of 
the Colledge and Scholes of New Abirdein sufficient weill holdin landis 
for imploying of the said sowme off Ten thowsand pounds worth and in 
yearlie rent to the sowme of Ane thowsand poundis money forsaid 
quhilkis landis sould be boght and acquired be me heretabillie without 
rewersione for the vse and behowe forsaid again that terme without 
fardir delay according to the destinatioun and mortificatioun of the 
said deceist Alexander Irwing and his mynd specifeit in his lattir will 
And fund and declairit that the right of presentatioun of the saids 
Scholleris and Bursaris perteined to me my airs and successouris of the 
Leiwing of Drum conforme to the lattir will of my said deceist father 
and all otheris pretending right thairto to be secludit frome my right 
of presentatioun and siclyk fand and declarit that I shoud be frie 
in all tyme cumming of all actioun instance and executioun to be 
mowed be the Prowost and Baillies of Abirdein and thair successouris 
for imployment of the said sowme of Ten thowsand poundis in ony 
wther forme and maner nor is prowydit be the said decreit And 
seeing that I ewir hawe bein willing and most willing to obtemper 
and fulfill my said deceist father his lattir will and testament anent 
the mortificatioun and destinatioun of the said sowme of Ten thowsand 
poundis and to obey the said decreit accordinglie quhilk I hawe done 
hithertill since the term of Witsunday J'"vj'= and fourtie yeirs and hes 
acquired the towne and landis of Kinmwk Peit-hill miln of Kinmwk 
miln landis and multouris of the same with the houssis biggingis 
yeardis toftis croftis outsetis tennentis tenandries and serwice of frie 
tennents pairtis pendiclis and pertinentis thairof lyand within the 
parochin of Kinkell regalitie of Lundoris and schirrefdome of Abirdein 
and als all and haill the toun and landis of Recharcharie with 
the pendicill thairof called Torren and Tomnagreen extending to half 
ane dawache or aucht oxingat of land with the houssis biggingis yardis 
wodis miln milne-landis multouris annexis connexis partis pendiclis and 
pertinentis togidder with the scheillingis grassingis and pasturage usit 



•I6S6.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES. 21$ 

and wount in Glaschscheill and Corribeg alias Reny Glass lyand within 
the parochen of Glengardin Erledome of Mar and schirrefdome of 
Abirdein quhilkis landis ar wirth in yeirlie frie rent the sowme of one 
thowsand poundis Scotis money by and attour the fewdewties teynd- 
dewties ministers' stipendis and wthers astrict furth thairof Thairfore 
and to the effect the saidis ten Scholleris and Bursaris may be payed 
yeirhe furthe of the maillis and dewties of the saidis landis according to 
the diuisioun abone writtin I the said Sir Alexander for me my airis 
and successouris hes mortified destinatit and appointted and be thir 
presentis for me and my foresaidis mortifies destinatis and appointtis 
the abone-writtin landis milnis and wthers forsaidis with the pertinentis 
for the vse and behowe of the saidis ten Scholleris yeirlie in all tyme 
heirefter to the effect the maillis fermis and dewties thairof may be 
payit to thame yeirlie for thair mantenance according to the diuisioun 
abone writin with powir to tham and thair collectouris in thair names 
to wptak the maillis fermis and dewties of the forsaidis landis for that 
effect sute call and persew thairfore and all wther thingis requisit 
to do and command that I might hawe done myself before the 
making heirof and that for implement and fulfilling of that part of 
my said deceist fatheris testament anent the mortificatione and 
destinatioun of the said sowme and Lordis of Sessioun thair decreit 
abone writin And to the effect the saidis ten Scholleris and Bursaris 
may be sufficientlie securit in the landis and wtheris abone writin 
for payment to thame according to the diuisioun abone writin of the 
maillis fermis and dewties of the saidis landis yeirlie extending to the 
said sowme of Ane thowsand poundis yeirlie in all tyme thaireftir I bind 
and faithfullie obleiss me my airis and successouris quhatsomewir to 
my landis and rentis to mak seal subscrywe and delyuer to the saidis 
ten Scholleris and thair successouris to the saidis Burses all contractis 
dispositionis charteris Procuratories of Resignationis and wther securi- 
ties requisit conteining all claussis necessar with absolute and ampill 
warrandise at all handis and that at quhat tyme and howsoone I and 
my forsaidis beis desyrit reserweand alwyse to Alexander Chalmir of 
Drymeis and William Chalmir his sone thair tak of the landis of 
Kynmwk miln and mil-landis and wtheris forsaidis for the space 
thairin conteinit for payment of the dewtie thairin mentionat as 
also reserweand siclyk to Calome M'Grigour his tak of the landis of 



2l6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1656. 

Richarcharie for the space and yeiris thairin specifeit for payment 
of the yeirlie dewtie siclyk thairin specifeit And for the mair 
securitie I ame content and consentis thir presentis be insert and 
registrat in the buikis of the High Court of Justice or Schiref-court 
buiks of Abirdein to hawe the strenthe of ane decreit thairof that 
letteris and executoriallis to be direct thairon in forme as efferis and 
on an simpill chairge of horneing ten dayes and to that effect constitutis 
Mr William Grant advocate my lawful procurators conjunctlie and 
severally to consent heirto In witness quhairof thir presentis writin be 
James Ross in Quhobs I hawe subscryuit the same with my hand at 
Drume the tuelf day of Aprile the yeir of God ane thousand sex 
hundrethe J""= feftie-sex yeiris befor thir witnessis Alexandir Thomsone 
advocat in Abirdein and the said James Ross wryter heirof 

[Signed] S' Alex Irwin 

A Thomson witness 

James Ross wryter of the premisses witness 

From the original warrant registered in the Books of Council and 
Session, 29th January, 1741.* 



* Although Sir Alexander Irving purchased the lands of Kinmuck and Richarcharie with 
the mortified money, yet it would seem that he took the titles to himself or his heirs simply, 
and not to himself and his heirs for behoof of the Bursars. He or his heirs consequently 
thought themselves at liberty to sell the lands, and they actually did sell the lands of 
Richarcharie to Mr. Farquharson of Invercauld. {College Minutes for 26th June, 1739, 
and 20th February, 1750.) 

On the 26th of August, 1808, Mr. Irvine of Drum addressed the following letter to 
the Principal of Marischal College: — 

" Sir, — I beg leave to address to you the following statement concerning the Bur- 
saries of which I have the patronage. The sum of ;^io,ooo Scots was mortified by 
Alexander Irvine of Drum in the year 1630, for maintenance of Bursaries at the Marischal 
College and Grammar School of Aberdeen, and was appointed by him to be offered to the 
Provost, Baillies, and Council, on the condition of their paying ;^iooo, or 10 per cent., 
yearly to the Bursars. This being refused on the part of the town when offered by his 
son, and the Bursars having been afterwards generally paid by the family of Drum out 
of the rents of the lands of Kinmuck, these were supposed to be mortified, although it 
appears from the records of the Teind Office that in 1676, in a decreet of augmentation 
at the instance of the minister, when it was alleged that these lands being mortified 
could not be burdened, the Lords Commissioners found that the Laird of Drum did not 
de facto mortify them, and they were burdened accordingly. Two Divinity Bursaries of 
200 merks each, making part of the above ;^iooo, have not for a long time been paid; 



1656.] ALEXANDER IRVING'S BURSARIES, 21/ 

but as I do not wish to detain any part of the mortification, it is my intention to revive 
these a few years hence. On the other hand, I have to propose that I be relieved from 
any future claim in the event of a rise of the rents of Kinmuck. The Bursars receive at 
present the free rent of the lands. In 1816 I will be enabled to make up to them 
;^iooo, or ;^83 6s. 8d, sterling, instead of about £5-/ which they have hitherto been paid. 
The practice has been to take grassums or fines, without raising the yearly rent. I wish 
not to continue to do so beyond the term of my present obligations. As the town of 
Aberdeen refused the money when offered, and both they and the College have an interest 
in the payment of the Bursaries, I expect that both will, after the payments are made up 
to ;£'iooo Scots yearly, relieve me from any claim in the lands of Kinmuck. 

"[Signed] Alexr. Irvine." 

(See College Minutes for Sept. 27, iSoS, and Dec. 31, 1813. Also in Mar. Coll. Charter 
Chest " Bursaries " : Memorial by College for opinion of counsel, Oct., 1814. Opinion of 
counsel thereupon, Nov. 18, 1815.) 

No further action was taken at that time ; and from a return made by Mr. Irvine 
to the Universities Commission of 1836-7 (Second Report, App., p. 256) it appears that 
of the rental of Kinmuck for 1832 only ;£'83 6s. 8d. went to bursars, the remaining 
;^287 13s. 2d. being " applied to the private purposes of the proprietor ". The Arts 
bursars received each his hundred pounds Scots (£8 6s. 8d.), the Divinity bursars each 
his 200 merks (;^ii 2s. 2§d.), as originally destined. 

But by a decision of the House of Lords, of 26th March, 1868, ending a protracted 
lawsuit, the lands of Kinmuck and others, subject to the deed of mortification of 12th 
April, 1656, are vested in the University of Aberdeen as trustees and administrators for the 
purposes of the foundation, and shall be held by the said University in trust always for the 
use and behoof of the bursars in the University and School of Aberdeen, as aftermentioned : 
the Lairds of Drum, defenders in the action, to have the right of presentation to all the 
bursaries. The Court of Session, to which it was remitted to draw up a scheme of 
administration, fixed, 19th July, i86g, the numbers of bursars and the amounts payable to 
them as under : 

Grammar School eight at ;i^20 

University, Arts eight at £40 

Do., Divinity four at £ys 

Recently, from diminishing rental, the amounts have, under authority of the Court, 
been somewhat reduced. 



EE 



ai8 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1632. 



XXXII. 

The Totvn Council hand over the books of the Kirk Library to the College. 

2$th January, 1632. 

The Said day The Prouest Baillies and Counsall Ordanis Mr 
Vedast lowsone m"' of kirkwark to put wp commodious seittis and 
shelffis in the College librarie for the vse of the bookes and studentis 
thairin And appointis the haill bookes within the kirk librarie to 
be transportit to the said librarie within the College thairin to 
remaine in all tyme comeing And for this eifect the saidis bookes 
to be put in Inventar and Catalogue and delyverit accordinglie to 
the Bibliothecar be the said Mr Vedast lowsone and quhat expenssis 
he deburssis in putting wp of the saidis seattis and shelffis The 
counsall ordanis to be allowit to him in his comptis 

From the Town Council Register ^ Vol. lii., p. 44.* 

• Subjoined are earlier entries relative to the Kirk Library. 

Oct. 16, 1611. 

"The said day It is thought meit and expedient that the Librarie of this hurt 
aboue the sessioun hous with the Catolog of the Buiks gewin thairto be visited and 
sichted the morne immediatlie efter the preaching be the baillies and counsall To knaw 
gif the numer of buiks contenit in the Catolog be yit extant or not " (J. C. /?., xlv. 128). 

Mar. 20, 1616. 
" The said day the Prouest Baillies and Councell hes thocht meit and expedient 
that thair salbe ane compt socht and exactit of the bischop and ministris of this hurt 
of the buikis that were gewin to the Librarie thairof And to desyre fra thame the Cata- 
logue and Inventor of the saidis buikis And appoyntis Johne Colinsone Willyam Lowsoun 
and Robert Johnesloun to deall with the Bischop and Ministris to the effect foirsaid 
and to Report again to the Councell the next counsell day" {T. C. R., xlvii. 490). 

Nov. II, 1621. 

" It is thocht meit and expedient be the magistrattis and sessioun that the bookes in 
the Kirk Librarie salbe put in catalogue and transportit to the Librarie within the college 
thair to remane in tyme cumming vpon securitie to be gewin be the kepar of the college 
to mak the saids bookes extant and furthcummand to the toun " {Register of the Kirk Sessioun 
of the Burgh 0/ Abcrdene, Vol. iv., f. 40). 

In the earliest Library Catalogue written by Thomas Gray, Librarian, 1669-73, the 
books formerly belonging to the Kirk Library are indicated, as are also those bequeathed 
by Duncan Liddell and by Thomas Reid. The following are the entries marked E. B. E. 
(Ex Bibliotheca Ecclesiastica) : — 



1632.] KIRK LIBRARY. 219 

In folio. 
Athanasij opuscula varia. Parisijs 1520 
Gabr. Biell in tertiam et quartam Sententiarum 
Joan. Brentius in evangelium Joannis 
D. Bernardi sermones et epistolae. Parisijs 15 17 
Clemens Alexandrinus rursus pure Lat. 

Joannis Chrysostomi commentarius in epist. ad Cor. cum alijs 
Dionisius Carthusianus in Epist. Cathol. 
Cypriani opera. Basiliae 
Faber Stapulensis in epistolas 
Gregorij magni opera varia. Parisijs 
Hilarij opera. Basiliae 
Hugo Sanctae Sabinae in psalmos 
Concordantiae bibliorum majores. Basileae 
Henrici Cardinalis Hostiensis sumrna 
Hieronimi Stridonensis opera varia cum notis. Vol. vi. 
Lutherus in Genesin 
N. Lyra in Scripturam sacram. Vol. v. 
P. Martyris in Epistolam ad Romanos 
Musculus in Genesin 
Originis opera varia. Vol. ii. 
Conradi Pelicani index bibliorum 

Joannes Roffensis contra Lutheranos cum Jac. Latomo contra Protestantes 
Theodoreti omnia opera Latine facta 
Tertulliani opera varia 
Bibliae sacrae textus papisticus vulgaris 

In folio minore vel quarto majore. 
Augusti explicationes variae et sententiae coll. Beda. Vol. iii.. 
Juell against Hardings 
John Calvins Institutions in English 
Magistri Gasparis praelectiones 

Eucherius in varia Scripturae loca cum alijs scriptoribus 
Des. Erasmi paraphrasis in nov. test. Vol. iii. 
Irenei opera. Basiliae 
Prosper aquilanicus 
Tindalls Works Firths and Bairnes 

In octavo. 
Bernardins Tragedy against the Pop's Suppremacy 
Chrysostomus in Pauli epistolas 

Hardings Confutatio of the Apologie of the Church of England 
CEcomenius in acta Apostolorum et epistolas. Vol. ii. 
Philbertus Hewiche in epist. ad Romanos 
Jo. Huss de Ecclesia 
Gellij Senecarij opuscula 



220 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1632. 

The following list of MSS. is appended to the Catalogue of Thomas Reid's books : — 

Manuscriptes receaued frome Dauid Meluill. 
The Hebrew bybill — perg. 
Augustin de Civitate Dei — perg. 
S. Gregorij epistolarum libri — perg. 
Isiodorus de natura hominis bestiarum &c. — perg. 
Pastorale Gregorij — perg. 

D. Augustini supra quinquaginta psalmos postremos — perg. 
Gregorius in Jobum — duobus voluminibus 
Augustini homilia super Joannem 
Augustinus in primes quinquaginta psalmos 
Augustini sermones beati de verbis domini 
Opuscula S. Augustini 42 
Exhortationes S. Bernardi 
Glossa in Esaiam Hieremiam et threnos 
Hieronimi Epistolae 

Augustinus de ordine libri duo — in vno volumine 
Augustinus contra Julianum libri sex — in vno volumine 
Ecclesiastica historia Ryffini 

Augustini tractatus vndecem de fide et legibus cancellarij Parisien 
Opus quadraginta homiliarum Gregorij 
Augustinus de concordia Evangelistarum ; Item Petrus Blesensis super Job ; Idem 

de transfiguratione domini ; Idem de conversione D. Pauli — in vno volumine 
Richardus de Sancto Victore de Patriarchis ; Hugonis de arra animae ; Bernardi liber 

de consideratione ; Gregorius in Ezechielem — in vno volumine 
Legenda quorundam Sanctorum 

Seneca de Climentia et epistolae inter Paulum et Senecam 
Ane old Latin prymer 
Officium Secundum Ecclesiam Sarum 

[Signed] Pa. Dunk, P. 



1632.] WILLIAM JAMESONE'S INSTRUMENTS. 221 

XXXIII. 

William Jamesone, writer in Edinburgh, bequeaths his mathe?natical instruments 
and books for the use of the College.* 1632. 

Sep. 5, 1632. 
The Coutisall ordaines the haill mathimaticall Instrumentes left 
be vmqll Williame Jamesone to the Colledge of this burghe quhilkis 
ar presentlie in the custodie of George Jamesone his brother to be 
delyuerit be Inventar to M"^ Williame Johnstoun Doctor in phisick 
and professor of Mathimaticques within the said Colledge to the effect 
the saidis Instrumentis may serve the proper vse quhairvnto they wer 
left be the said vmqll Williame and keipit frome Roust and Canker 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. Hi., p. 70. 

Jan. 23, 1633. 
The Said day In presence of the Prouest Baillies and Councell 
Compeirit George Jamesone painter burgess of Aberdeine air and 
executor to vmq" Williame Jamesone writtar in Edinburghe his 
brother germane and Exponit and declairit that the said vmq" 
Williame befoir his deceas left his haill mathimaticall instrumentis 
and bookes in legacie to the toune for the wse of the professor of 
mathimaticques within the Colledge of the said burghe and studentis 
in that professioun Present and to come And conforme thairto the 
said George delyuerit instantlie the saidis haill instrumentis and 
bookes at the directioun of the magistrattis and Counsall to Mr 
Williame Johnstoun doctour in phisik and present professor of mathi- 
maticques within the said colledge be ane speciall Inventar writtin 
and subscryveit be the said Mr Williame on the end of the catalogue 
of vmq" secretarie Reidis librarie mortifiet to the said Colledge to 
be maid extant and furthcummand be the said Mr Williame to the 
wse foirsaid In respect quhairof the saidis Prouest baillies and Counsell 
exoners quittclames and dischairges the said George Jamesone air 
and executor foirsaid to the said vmqll brother of the said legacie 

* "Adjungo GuLiELMUM Jamiesonum, JlfafA^i^osfautoremet Jlf«jic^JCultoremeximium, 
qui Libros Mathetnaticos atque Instrumenta, quae dum in Anglid versaretur baud modico 
emit, pretio, Nobis consecravit" (Smith's Oratio, p. 25). 

Jamesone's arms appeared on the Heraldic Ceiling as, Argent, on a saltire or [!] 
between four ships sable, a rose gules. 



J33 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1632. 

simpliciter and for ewir Quhairwpoun the said George askit act and 
instruments 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. lii., p. 90.* 

♦ •' Ane Catalogue of William Jamisones books mortified to the Liberarie of Abd " 
is given in Thomas Gray's list of books belonging to the College, see page 219. Jamesone's 
books number 599, mostly " Libri Philosophici " and " Libri Humanioris Literaturae," 
and are generally of a less valuable description than those in Liddell's and Reid's 
collections. 

Appended to Gray's list is the subjoined " Accompt of the Mathematicall Instruments 
Belonging to the Liberarie of Aberdein". This probably includes those presented by the 
relict of Professor William Johnstone {infra, under date 1641) : — 

Twa great Globs with their Cases 

Ane loadstone with ane ancher 

Ane great woodden quadrant with its foot and basis 

Twa old litle terrestriall globes 

Ane brassen Astrolabe conteaning divers Horizones qrof one is of silver 

Ane wooden Astrolabe 

Ane brasen nocturnlabe 

Ane lesser nocturnlabe in brass 

Ane brasen analemma 

Ane brasen sector ex dono D. Alexri Reed 

Ane Box of Compasses compleatlie full 

Ane analemma of timber 

Ane Gunners Quadrant 

Twa compass Reules of Timber 

Gunter's Crostaffe in brasill wood 

Theoria N. Copernici in Iron 

The plaine table for surveying in four peices with the foot and base 

Circulus aeneus cum acu magnetico 

Graphometron portabile 

Ane Aequinoxiall vniversall Horologe 

Three leaves of ane sea cart bound in timber 

Ane compass of Proportion in brass 

Three litle brasen quadrants with a round circle with ane fixed grnomon thrvpon 

Twa brass compasses q^of the legge of one is broken 

Ane old compass dyall in brass with a black leather case 

Horologium aequinoxiale portabile 

Ane quadrant within a brassen lewell or triangle 

Ane brasen graphometron with a foott 

Twa old broken Crosstaffes broken with a reule 

Duo annuli astronomici aenei Ane Planysphaere vpon timber 

Ane Instrument Called the Theodolite Ane litle timber Quadrant 

Ane other litle Compass Ane scallie broad 

Ane great timber sphaere Ane vther litle brass horologicall quadrant 

Tbeoiiae Planetarum motuum in pergameno 



1633.] COLLEGE ENTRY. 223 

XXXIV. 

William Guild mortifies to the town a house in the Broad Gate for an 
entrance to Marischal College. wth March, 1633.* 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris vel audituris magister Guliel- 
Mus Guild Minister verbi Dei in Ecclesia Burgi de Aberden 
hereditarius proprietarius Terrse Anterioris inferius bondatae .^Eternam 

* " Inter summos Academiae Marischallanae Euergetas, collocandus est D. Gulielmus 
GuiLDUS S. S. T. D. hac in Urbe Natus, et in Academia hac institutus: Vir a teneris 
annis Sacris Studiis totus deditus : Qui postquam Ecclesiae de Kingcdward curam, singular! 
cum pietate, multos per annos tenuisset, a Senatu Abredonensi, ad Evangelium praedi- 
candum vocatus ; postea S. Theologiae Doctor creatus, et Carolo I. Britanniarmn 
Monarchae, a Sacris constitutus ; tandemque ad Gymnasiarchae, in CoUegio Regio Abre- 
donensi, dignitatem erectus : In quibus omnibus muniis, universas officii sui partes, ad 
stuporem est exequutus. Hie divitiis, honore, doctrinS. et omnigena virtute coruscans, de 
Republica Literaria, et Religione, scriptis et vitS, deque Civitate hac et Academia, insolitS 
Munificcntia optime meruit ; amplumque Patrimonium piis erogavit usibus. 

" Hie enim rarae Pietatis Vir, dotnum propriis sumptibus comparavit, et ecLdem 
diruti, Academiae nostri Propylaeum, anted humile et indecorum, de novo extruxit, magnifi- 
cum et pulcherrimum reddidit, Comitisque Marischalli insignibus gentilitiis, affabre 
admodum excisis, acre proprio ornavit. 

"Idem etiam Fanum Franciscanorum (a Gavino Dumbaro Episcopo Abredonensi, 
extructum) maximis impensis reparavit, fenestrasque, numerosas admodum, vitris instruxit : 
Alexandro Stuarto Abredonensi, meridionalem tantum ejusdem partem specularibus 
ornante. Sed jam eheu ! spreta jacet Pietas, et omnium fere Charitas refrixit ! Nee ullus 
est, qui ferreo hoc saeculo, sanctissimi Gulielmi pietatem imitari, et Templum hoc jam 
pene collapsum de novo adornando, sibi perennem nominis celebritatem comparare, aut 
curet, aut cupiat. 

" In multis etiam aliis, pietatem suam testatus Gulielmus, nam amplos admodum 
reditus, Tribtis Artificum Filiis, Philosophiae studiosis ; Pauperibus etiam et Orphanis 
educandis et alendis, et senio confectis Artijicibus sustentandis, consecravit ; et Palatium, 
quod olim fuerat Gulielmi Scotorum Regis, emit, instauravit et cum Templo, hortisque 
Artijicibus Abredonensibus donavit : Denique aedes Collegii S. Leonardi, Andreapoli denuo 
aedificandas, curavit, copiosamque suam Bibliothecam Universitati Andreanae legavit. 

" Religiosissimi hujus Viri reconditam eruditionem, intaminatam sanctimoniam, et 
eximiam pietatem, praedicabunt et in aeternum celebrabunt, Doctorum chori, Academicorum, 
Civium et Artificum ccetus ; Gulielmi Fama erit immortalis, et vivet post funera 
FJr^Mi." Smith's Oratio, p. 21. 

See also An Inquiry into the Life, Writings, and Character of the Reverend Doctor 
William Guild. By James Shirrefs, D.D. Aberdeen, 1798. 

On the Heraldic Ceiling Dr. Guild's arms appeared as, Azure, a chevron or between 
three roses slipped, argent seeded gules. On the " broad " the chevron is argent, and the 
flowers (resembling sunflowers) are or, stalked and leaved gules. 



224 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1633. 

in domino salutem noueritis me naturali Inductum amore quern 
habeo et foueo erga vrbem Abredonie in qua natus et ab Incun- 
abulis educatus fui Presertim vero vt edes per Senatum populumque 
Abredonensem CoUegio nouo dicti Burgi donatae Ampliorem et 
magis Idoneum Introitum necnon pulchrius et magis conspicuum 
habeant frontispicium quod prius per terram siue domum 
anteriorem subtus designatam vetustate collapsam obscuratum 
et obstructum fuit proque diuersis aliis bonis respectibus et 
considerationibus me ad hoc mouentibus Dedisse concessisse alien- 
asse et hac present! carta mea confirmasse Necnon tenore presentium 
dare concedere alienare et hac presenti carta mea confirmare • . . 
Preposito Balliuis Consulibus et communitati dicti burgi de Aber- 
dene et eorum successoribus Prepositis Balliuis consulibus et 
communitati eiusdem burgi Imperpetuum Totam et integram illam 
Terram siue Domum meam Anteriorem quam proprie acquisiui 
conquestu et deinde non solum Introitum ad dictum Collegium 
ampliari verum etiam frontispicium ad decorum et ornatum eiusdem 
Collegii meis sumptibus edificari feci Quaequidem Terra Anterior 
jacet infra dictum burgum de Aberdene in via Lata vici furcarum 
ex orientali parte eiusdem vici Inter terram quondam Joannis Barbour 
nunc vero Patricii Barbour eius filii ex australi Terram heredum quon- 
dam Henrici Patrie ex Boreali Templum aliquando fratrum Minorum 
dicti burgi versus oriens et communem viam regiam versus occi- 
dens Tenendam et habendam Totam et integram predictam Terram 
siue Domum Anteriorem cum pertinentiis prefatis Preposito Balliuis 
Consulibus et Communitati dicti burgi et eorum successoribus predictis 
A me heredibus et assignatis meis De Supremo Domino Nostro Rege 
et suis successoribus in feodo et hereditate et in Libero Burgagio 
Imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatim dicti Prepositus 
Balliui Consules et communitas dicti burgi de Aberdene eorumque 
successores antedicti Prefato Supremo Domino Nostro Regi et suis 
successoribus seruitium Burgagium inde debitum et consuetum . . . 
In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti cartae per Walterum Robertson 
Scribam dicti burgi scriptae meaque subscriptione manuali subscriptae 
Sigillum meum proprium vnacum Sigillo honorabilis viri Magistri 
Vedasti Lowson unius Balliuorum dicti burgi ac datoris sasinae 
hujusmodi sunt appensa Apud Aberdene Vndecimo die mensis Marcij 



1633.] COLLEGE ENTRY. 22$ 

Anno Domini Millesimo Sexcentesimo Trigesimo Tertio Coram his 
testibus dicto Magistro Vedasto Lowson Balliuo Andrea Meldrum olim 
Balliuo dicti burgi dicto Waltero Robertson loanne Ingrahame scriba 
deputato eiusdem burgi Patricio Smith et Magistro Georgio Robertson 
notariis publicis 

[Sic subsc] M-- W Guild 

M'' Vedast Lowsone bailly witnes and 

giver of the seasing 
A Meldrum witnes 
W Robertson witnes 
Pa Smith testis 

Maister George Robertson witnes 
Jo Ingrahame witnes 

From the original Charter in the Town House Charter Room (M^ 
" Mortifications for College," No. 32).* 



XXXIVa. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

Mr. William Guild, Minister of the Word of God in the church of 
Aberdeen, from his love to that city, the place of his birth and education, 
and from his desire to furnish a suitable entrance to the New College, 
grants to the provost, baillies, &c., his land on the East of the Broadgate 
between the land of the late John Barbour (now of Patrick Barbour his son) 
on the South, the land of the heirs of the late Henry Petrie on the North, 
the Greyfriars Church on the East, and the King's Highway on the West 
To be held from the granter, of the King, in fee and heritage and free burgage 
for ever; the provost, &c., rendering therefor burgage service used and wont. 
Signed and sealed at Aberdeen, nth March, 1633, before witnesses: Baillie 
Vedast Lowson, ex-Baillie Andrew Meldrum, Walter Robertson, Town Clerk, 
John Ingram, Town Clerk depute, Patrick Smith, and Mr. George Robertson, 
Notaries. 

* With the Charter are tied up the Instrument of Sasine following thereon dated 
gth April, 1663 (see also Burgh Sasine Register, Vol. xxxviii., p. 2146), and eleven prior 
writs relating to the same land dated 1567 to 1623. 

FF 



226 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1633. 

XXXV. 

t 

Dr. Alexander Reid mortifies to the Prmmt and Baillies the sum of one 
hundred and ten pounds sterling: for Bursaries, ^th October, 1633.* 

Nov. 6, 1633. 

The Quhilk day In presens of the Prouest Baillies and Counsall 
Compeirit Robert Skeyne Thesaurar and produceit ane missive letter 
direct to the saidis Prouest and Baillies be Mr Alexander Reid 

* "Alexander cum Fratre [Thoma] de Mentis et Gloria certasse videtur: Quum 
in Patwit? Scholis, maximos fecisset in Uteris progressus Hippocrati nomen dedit, et propter 
uberiorem ingenii culturam, ad exteros se contulit, ubi majorem in Medicina doctrinam et 
peritiam, quam ilia ferebant tempora, adeptus est, ut doctissima ipsius opera, Anatomica, 
Chirurgica, Stc, testantur. 

" Inter Medicos Londinenses, sui temporis Primus habitus, splendide vixit, immensas 
congessit opes, et stupenda reliquit Pietatis suae monumenta : Nam praeter numerosas et 
amplissimas, Cognatis, amicis, et familiaribus, factas Legationes ; Banchorii, ubi prima 
eruditionis elementa cum vita accepit, Scholam liberam aperiendam, annuum Ecclesiastae 
reditum augendum, Bibliothecam instaurandam, et Ptochodochium extruendum curavit : 
CoUegii Regit Bibliothecam restituit ; et Pauperttm Beneficia, sumptibus non modicis 
auxit : Bibliothecam Acadcmiae Marischallanae, ab ipsius Fratre instructam, optima prae- 
stantissimorum librorum, praecipue Thcologicorum et Philosophicorum, pro temporum ratione 
collectione ditavit ; Magnetem Magni pretii cum appensa Anchora, Globum Terrestrem, et 
aenea quaedam Iiistrumenta Mathcmatica donavit : Duobus praeterea Acadcmiae nostra, 
Alumnis, ducentas libras Anglicanas erogavit : Et denique quadringentas libras Anglicanas 
duas nempe Collegio Regie totidemque Marischallano, et Literarum Humaniorum Pro- 
fessoribus legavit : Sed temporum injuria et gravissimae, quibus debitorum morte et fraude 
implicita fuit, difficultates, donationem banc hucusque frustraneam reddidere: Nam irrita 
saepc Jiunt, et sperato excidunt successu, vel optime ab hominibus instituta. 

" Audiists [sic] igitur, A. A. O. O. Nobiliutn horum Fratrum, in Nos egregia Merita, 
breviter, licet imperfecte exposita, quae si minus ore exprimere, animo tamen admirari 
jurabit : Dignas equidem pro tanta Munificentia rependere grates, non opis est nostrae ; 
sed ad Raedorum memoriam et famam, in aeternum exultabit haec Academia, et Illorum 
laudes per terrarum orbem indefessa celebrabit : £t 

" Quamvis in gelido, rcquiescant membra sepulchro, 
Fama tamen semper^ non moritura manet ". 
(Smith's Oratio, p. 21.) 

See also Professor Andrew Strachan's " Coronis" p. 41. " Non sinebant," says Mr. 
Strachan, after nine pages of fulsome eulogy, " Miltiadis Trophaea Themistoclen 
noctu dormire. Rhaedus vobis Miltiades esto. Rhaedum somniate. Rhaedum vigilantes 
cogitate. Semper vestro animo observetur Rhaedus. Cura ilium laude assequendi vos 
dormientes, cura ilia vos vigilantes teneat." 

On the Heraldic Ceiling Reid's arms were not those assigned to his brother {supra, 
p, iq6,) but Azure, an eagle's head erased argent. 



1633.] ALEXANDER REID'S BURSARIES. 227 

Doctor in Phisick quhilk the said Robert resauit from him at his 
late being in Londone Off the quhilk missive the tenor foUowes. 
To the Right worshipfull and my muche respected freyndes The 
Prouest and Baillies of the Town of Aberdein Delyver this Haveing 
persaived that wpon all occasiounes offered yow have expressed as 
loveing nursing fatheris your respect towardis our poore kinred 
in cheretably releiveing of thame for my deceassit brotheris saike 
who extendit his munificence towardis your colledge I was induced 
to promise* ane hundreth pund sterling after my death to be 
employit towards the releiff of poore studentis who sould fall out 
to pass their course in your colledge frome tyme to tyme in 
subsequent aiges nothing doubting of the Continuance of your 
former favour extendit towardis our poore kinred I thocht gude 
to be exequutor of my awin will and testament in my owne lyftyme 
I have sent unto you by Alexander Stewart a Burgess of your awin 
towne ten punds and now by Mr Robert Skeyne ane hundreth pundis 
in all no tib lauchfull money of England towardis the mantenance 
of two or thrie poore schollares as you in your wisdome sail think 
fitt I doubt not but that our poore kinred sail taste of the fruit 
of this gift befoir otheris yff they salbe presented wnto you for so 

• Raid's previous letter appears in the Town CouncU Register, Vol. Hi., p. 52 : — 

April 24, 1632. 

" The Said day compeirit Robert Skeyne merchand and produceit in presence of the 
Counsall ane missive letter direct to the Prouest and Baillies be Mr Alexander Reid Doctor 
in Phisick quhilk the said Robert hed reseauit frome him at hir, late being in Londone Off 
the quhilk missive the tenor followis To the right worschipfull and my muche respected 
freyndis The Prouest and Baillies of the Towne of Aberdeine delyver this Richt worship- 
full I cannot bot acknawledge myselff muche beholdin unto you in that you have woch- 
saffed first to grace me with your letter I ever wished the florischeing estate of your 
towne and that deservedlie Because in it I laid the fundatioon of learning and it hath 
beine the nurse of sundrie eminent persones In my will I have bequeathed unto your 
colledge these bookes alseweill manuscriptis as printed whiche I have reserved for my 
awin studies amongst which thair are sundrie treatises elseqf hardlie to be fund I have 
left also ane hundreth pund sterling towardis the mantenance of the. poore schollares This 
my letter will serve for a confirmatioun of this my Deid I wishe unto you health and all 
hapienes and will rest your trewlie affectionat freynd Alexander Reid London 8 Marchc 
1632 Whilk missive being red in presence of the Counsell They ordane the same to be laid 
up in the towns charter kist and ordanes ane letter of thankis to be drawin wp in the 
Prouest and Baillies namer, and sent to the said Mr Alexander with the first occasioun " 



228 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1633. 

you 5?all Induce otheris whome God sail enable to show thair 
bountie in lyak maner when they persaive you to be so respective 
and thankfull I sould be glad as you wishe to salute you face to 
face and to behold the plaice whairin I passed the most cairles and 
contented pairt of my Lyiff whiche onlie remaineth I wist wnto 
your towne and churche a florisching estate and will ewir Rest your 
wnfayned freynd redye to be em ploy it in all freyndlie and dewtifull 
offices 

[Signed] Alexander Read 

firome London 4 Octti 1633 

From the Tonm Council Register, Vol. Hi., p. 133.* 

• The earliest entry in the Burgh Accounts relative to Reid's Mortification is as 
follows : — 

" CoMPT of the moneyes mortifiet be Doctor Alexander Reid for help) of poore scholares 
within the New College of Aberdene at the appointment of the Provost Baillies 
and Councall of the said hurt 
Receaved be the Comptar at Martimes 1633 fro™ the said Dr Alexr Reid be 
delyverance of Robert Skene Thesaurar ane hundreth and ten punds 
Stirling money q'k in Scottis money extends to Jmijjcxx lib 

Item at Witsonday 1634 Receaved from the said Robert Skene for ane halff 
yeirs annual of the said principall sowme of ane thousand thrie hun- 
dreth tuentie punds To wit fra Martimes 1633 to Witsonday 1634 Ixvj lib 



Summa of this charge Jmiijclxxxvj lib 

Discharge. 

Imprimis lent be the Comptar at Martimes 1633 to the said Robert Skene to 
Witsonday nixt threfter 1634 vpon his band the said principall 
soume Jmiijcxx lib 

Item at command of the Councall and be thair special warrant delyvered to 
the said Doctor Reid his poore freynds and kinnisfolkes studentis in 
the said College Ixvj lib 

Summa of this discharge Jmiijclxxxvj lib 

The charge being als much Et sit eque 
Memorand the said Robert Skene keips the principall soume as yet in his hands 
and is comptabill for payment thaireof with ane half yeris annuall 
at Martimes nixt 1634 conforme to his band 
Item restand be the comptar of thir profitts sex lib becaus thair was disbursit 
Qnlie to the poore scholares threescoir punds " 

— Burgh Mortification Accounts, 1633-34. 



l633-] ALEXANDER REID'S BURSARIES. 229 

At the union of the Universities in i860 the Account stood thus : — 

Balance. Revenue. Expenditure. Balance. Stock. 

1859. i860. 

" 9. Alexander Reid's, to two 

or three Bursars 7 13 6 12 11 11 12 12 6 7 12 11 372 12 11" 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

Under the Provisional Order of 1881 (supra, p. 118), the Reid and the Cruden [infra, 
under date 1770) bursaries have been united into one of £'20 per annum. 

Reid's books, numbering 167 volumes, are included in Gray's catalogue, supra, p. 319. 



230 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1633. 

XXXVI. 

The Tawn Council grant the " backhouse " of the College to serve as a dormi- 
tory for students, on the understanding that the College renounce all 
claim to the Gray Friars' Kirk, nth December, 1633. 

The Quhilk day In presens of the Prouest Baillies and Coun- 
sall of the burghe of Aberdeine Compeirit Maister Patrick Dwn 
Principall of the Colledge of the said burghe and exponit and 
declairit to thame That for scairstie of Chamberis and want of 
beddis to serve the haill studentis within the said Colledge sindrie 
of the schollares wer forceit to ly in the Toun-hous quhair they 
war buirdit to the great hinderance of thair studies And sieing that 
Doctour williame forbes ane of the ordinar ministeris of this burgh 
quha hes his duelling in the backhous of the said colledge is callit to 
be Bishop of Edinburgh and to remowe thither shortlie he thairfoir 
earnestlie intreatit thair wisdomes of the Counsall That they wald 
be pleasit to grant him entrie to the said backhouse to the effect 
he may caus big wp chamberis and beddis thairin for the ease of the 
schollares in tyme comeing Quhairanent the saidis Prouest Baillies 
and Counsall advysing Thay find the petitionares desyre most 
reasonable And thairfoir gives and grantis libertie and licence to him 
to enter presently to the said backhous and to big wp chamberis 
and beddis within the samen for the weill and ease of the studentis 
within the said colledge in all tyme heireftir Provyding allwayis 
That the said Principall and Regentis of the said Colledge nor 
thair successouris clame nor pretend na richt to the grayfrier kirk 
of the said burghe in tyme coming But als neid beis That they 
renunce the samen in the tounis fauouris Lj'ke as it is heirby 
declairit be the saidis Prouest baillies and Counsall and als be the 
said Mr Patrik Dwn That the said Gray frier kirk is and sail be 
allwayis exceptit furth and fra the dispositioun and mortificatioun 
maid be the toun to the maisteris and memberis of the said 
Colledge of the gray friers place and 3ard thairof and that the samen 
kirk wes is and salbe speciallie and particularlie reserveit to the 
toune as ane of thair awin kirkis to be wsit be thame for Goddis 
worship and service in all tyme comeing 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. lii., p. 135. 




iia/iX}Tttv\ire Irj L' & K At.r:,i;. ft ."^.r-T'^, '^asi 



^^^ 





1639] COLLEGE REPAIRED. 23 1 



XXXVII. 

Principal Patrick Dun mortifies about two thousand merks Scots for the reparation 
of Marischal College, /^th December, 1639.* 

The Quhilk day doctor Patrick Dwn primar of the College of 
this burghe gawe in and delywered to the magistratis and counsell 

* " Omni verborum, si penes me esset, ornatu, summoque animi affectu memorandus 
est, Patricius Dunaeus, Medicinae, tum doctrina, turn usu, Doctor Praestantissimus : Hie 
ob singularem eruditionem, summamque prudentiam, primo Medicinae Profcssione in 
Collcgio Rcgio Abredonensi ornatus, et propter raras, quibus inclaruit dotes, postea Academiac 
Marischallanae Gymnasiarcha creatus fuit ; ubi non solum, Vigilantissimi et Prudentissimi 
Modcratoris, sed et etiam eximii Bencfactoris, laudes et gloriam meruit. Nam non tantiim 
Aedibus Academicis, incendio vastatis, de novo extruendis, supra duo mercarum millia 
donavit ; sed insuper perenne et indeficiens, Academiac nostrae Seminariiim, maximis in- 
struxit sumptibus, Scholam Publicam amplis ditando reditibus. Quum etenim prospiceret 
eruditissimus Vir, totam vitae spem, in semente positam esse, et maximam institutionis 
partem, a Linguae Latinac peritia pendere, quatuor instituit Praeceptores ; quibus alendis 
mille et ducentas mercas annuatim elargitus fuit ; unde Schola haec, cujus Leges et Statuta 
observanda, Disciplinam sartam tectam praestandam ; Patrimoniuni Religiose adminis- 
trandum, Praeceptores, pro suprema Bencfactoris voluntate, non ex Gratia, sed Meriti 
ratione eligendos ; statas et solennes Lustrationes obeundas, summ^ pietate, magnisque 
sumptibus, solicite semper curavit Senatiis Abredonensis ; quam magni ornarunt nominis 
Scholarchae ; et in qua, praestantissima Docendi, discendiqne adhibetur Ratio, per multos 
jam annos, nulli in universe hoc Regno secunda saltem, habetur : Ex ea etenim tanquam 
Officina quadam Literaruni et Pietatis, magno quotannis prodeunt numero, qui Dunaei 
laudes, in omne celebrabunt aevum." (Smith's Oratio, p. 25.) 

" Quantis cum opibus, tiim honoribus Galenus Dunaeum Medicum, cCim doctrina, 
turn usu praestantissimum cumularit, non divinari audeo. Non Jpri, non causidicorum 
limina teruntur magis, ac ejus aedes. Ilium salutant patricii ; v^neratur plebs. De illo 
(ut olim de Homeri Patria) certat nostra Academia, cum Mareschallano Collegio : dum 
nos ipsi Medicinae Professionem, ilia eidem Gymnasii sui curam primam detulerunt." 
(Strachan's Panegyricus Inauguralis dictus Anno 1630, p. 22. See also Arthur Johnston's 
Epigram on Dun in the Delitiae Poetarum Scotorum, Vol. i., p. 603.) 

Dun seems to have held the chair of Logic (the second Regency) in Marischal College 
in 1610, having probably succeeded William Forbes (supra, p. 64, note). He was elected 
Mediciner at King's College by the Royal Commission of Visitation in i6ig (Fasti Aberd., 
p. 278) ; and appears to have been Rector of Marischal College in the same year (Magistrates' 
Memorial, 1754). His appointment as Principal in 1621 is noted above, p. 187. 

Dun's arms appeared on the Heraldic Ceiling and on the " broad " as Gules, between 
three padlocks a sword in pale argent, hilled and pomelled or ; a mullet of the second for 
difference. So given by Nisbet (i. 437) for Charles Dun, merchant in Aberdeen. These 
arms (but without the mullet) impaled with a Tower of Aberdeen are introduced in a coat 
of arms employed by the Grammar School of Aberdeen, in which Dun endowed four 



232 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1639. 

thrie bands gewin to him be the persones following on the Soumes 
of money efter specifiet viz ane Band gewin to him be Thomas 
Collisoun on fiwe hundreth merkis and ane halff yeires bygaine 
annuell thereof Item ane Band gewin to him be Paull Meng3ies on 
Sex hundreth merkis with ane yeires bygaine annuell thairof Item 
ane band gewin to him be Thomas Paip on twa hundreth fourscoir 
merkis with ane yeiris annuell thairof quhilkis soumes of money 
aboue writtin with fywe hundreth tuentie eight merkis gewin in be 
the said Doctor Dwn in readdie moneyes the said Doctor Dwne 
destinats and appointis to be bestowit wpoun the reparatioun of the 
edifice of the said college quhilk was latlie brint be fyir Lyikas the 
saids Bands and moneyes were instantlie delyvered to Thomas 
Buck Thesaurar for the vse foirsaid who grantis the ressett thairof 
to the samen vse 

From the Town Council Register ^ Vol. Hi., p. 512.* 

masterships, enjoining the holders " to do what lyes in their power for the well of the 
College Marischal within the Burgh of Aberdein, and to prefer the same to all the 
Colleges in giving councell to their schollares to be brought up in the foresaid College 
Marischal ". {Charters, &•€., of Burgh of Aberdeen.) 

* " Upon Fridday, the 27th of September [1639], on the nicht, the eist quarter of 
Colledge Marshall suddantlie took fyre (none knowing the manner how). The people 
gatheris, but culd not get it quenshit, whill it burnt to nocht. Aluaies, it was shortlie 
biggit up agane, yit takin for an visitatioun fra God." {Spalding^s Troubles, i. 231.) 

The most particular account of this occurrence is given by Parson Gordon : — " This 
summer [1639], the Highlands and north wer reasonable qwyett, little nor nothing falling 
out ther considerable, except the fyre that kindled the Marischall Colledge of new Aberdeen 
accidentally, by neglect of servants. This fell out September twenty seventh, and was not 
tackne notice of, it fyring in the night time, till a barke, lying in the roade, gave allarum 
to the cittizens, whoise mariners came ashore, and, together with the calme night (for it 
was extremly calme), were very helpfull for to qwensh that flamme before a qwarter of the 
aedifice was burnt ; which was all the losse, except of some few bookes either embeasled 
or purloynd, or, by the trepidatione of the crowding multitude, throwne into a deepe well 
which stands in the colledge yard (or courte) ; which bookes the magistrattes of the cittye 
had givne order to carrye out of the librarye, which was next to the burning, and,* had it 
once takne fyre, would have defaced the best library that ever the north pairtes of Scotland 
saw." (History of Scots Affairs, iii. 88.) 

An incidental result of this fire is noted in the Council Minutes for 8th December 
following: — " The same day ordaines Alexander Jaffray deane of gild to send with the first 
occasion to Ingland or Holland for threttie lether buckettis for the Tounes use, and what 
he debursis thairon to be allowit to him in his comptis." (r. C. /?., Iii. 514.) 

On 23rd November, 1642, the Council " gives and grants the soume of four hundreth 



l639-] COLLEGE REPAIRED. 233 

merks money for supplie of the work of the colledge of this burgh and to help to repair 
the same". (T. C. R., lii. 771.) 

The oldest extant College accounts are those " of the renewing of the College after 
it was brunt at Michelmas 1639 and renewit in the yeir 1642 ". 

lid. s. d. 

Item fra Mr William Moir 19 o 

Item fra Doctor Dune 133 6 8 

Item fra Jon Jaffray that he geawe annence Doctor Dune that was restand 

be Thomas Paip 400 

Item mair receauit fra Doctor Dune : - 200 

Item mair fra Doctor Dune 666 13 4 

Item fra the treasourer annence Mr Wm Moir 266 13 4 

Item mair fra Doctor Dune - - 38 68 

Item fra Walter Cochroun deane of Gild that Counsall gawe - - - 266 13 4 

Summa lib. 1972 12 4 

— Mar. Coll. Accounts, vol. 1642-1682. 

The disbursements, amounting in all to 1970 lib. i8s. 8d., and extending from 2nd 
March to 15th October, 1642, are given at length in the same volume. The workmen are 
named: their wages usually £-i Scots " ane ouk"; barrowmen £2. 

The Mr. William Moir who gives 400 merks succeeded Dr. William Johnston in the 
Mathematical Chair in 1641, and Dr. Patrick Dun in the principalship in 1649. He is thus 
described (Smith's Oratio, p. 26) : — 

" Sine piaculo praeterire nequeo, M. Gulielmum Morum, inter summa Academiae 
Marischallanac decora numerandum. Hie enim eximius fuit literarum cultor, tantosquo 
in studiis Mathematicis fecit progressus ; ut postquam Praetoris in Civitate hac officio 
aliquamdiu functus fuisset, ad celeberrimi Johnstoni cathedram ; et postea ad Gymnasiarchac 
dignitatem evectus sit : Hie non tantum optimi Modcratoris, et doctissimi Professoris partes, 
maximis cum Academiae incrementis, fidelissime sustinuit ; sed et Aedibus Acadcmicis 
reparandis, quadringentas mercas erogavit." 

Moir's portrait hangs in the College Hall. His arms appeared on the Heraldic Ceiling 
as, Azure, three moor's heads couped proper. 



GG 



234 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. C^^^* 

XXXVIII. 

Dr. Alexander Reid, London, by his last will and testament, bequeaths, inter 
alia, one hundred pounds sterling to augment the salaries of the Regents. 
\st February, i639-[4o]. 

In the name of God Amen The first day of February 1639 
and in the fyfteenth yeere of the Reigne of our Soveraigne Lord 
Charles by the grace of God king of England Scotland France and 
^^ Ireland defender of the faith etc I Alexander Reade doctor of physick 

being seike and weake in body but of sound and perfect mynd and 
memory (praise be therfor given to God) doe make and declaire 

this my last will and testament in maner following * 

Iterri wheras the soume of four hundreth pounds sterling besyds 
entrest moneyes is owing' to me by the right honorabill the Earle 
of Annandaill and his suirties my will and meaning is that the said 
principall soume of four hundreth punds with all conveniency that 
may be efter my deceis be payed vnto my executores and by them 
to be payed and delyvered into the hands and possessiones of 
the provest baillies and counsell of new Aberdeine they giving 
securitie vnto my executors that all the said four hundreth punds 
shall be laid out and debursit aither vpon purchasing of lands or 
vpon entrest as they in their discretiones shall think fitt and for the 
seuerall vses and purposes heirefter expressed That is to say the 
benefitt or intrest of ane hundreth punds therof to remaine for ever 
amongst the regents of the colledge of new Aberdeine amongst them 
equally to be divydit from time to time The benefit or intrest of 
ane vther hundreth punds therof for ever vnto the schoolmaister for 
the tyme being of new Aberdeine towards the increasing of his 
stipend The benefitt or intrest of ane vther hundreth punds therof 
to be and remaine for ever vnto and amongst the regents for the 
tyme being of the colledge of Aberdeine And the benefitt or intrest 
of the vther hundreth punds to remaine for ever vnto the schoollmaister 
for the tyme being of auld Aberdeine towards the encreasing of his 
stipend Item I give to the colledge of new Aberdeine all my bookes 
of divinitie and philosophy together with Avicens works and Medicae 
Artis Principes post Hippocratem et Galcnum both in folio Item 

* The first legacies are to the church, the poor, and the school of Banchory-Ternan. 



1 639] ALEXANDER REID'S ENDOWMENT. 235 

I give to the colledge of Auld Aberdeine all my medicinall bookes 
Item I give to the colledge of new Aberdeine with its anchor a litle 
terrestiall globe a brasse quadrat with ane vther instrument for the vse 
of the professor of the mathematicks and a brasse sector . . . and 
my greatest loadstoune with the anchor that tackleth vpp . . .* 
And I make name and appoynt my said cussen Alexander Frazer 
doctor of physick and the said David Moorehead Executorss heirby 

revoking all other former wills and testaments t 

In witnes wherof I have heirunto put my hand and seall daitit 
the day and 3eir first abovewrittin 

[Signed] Alexander Reade med. doctor 

From a certified extract from the Register of the Commissary Court of 
the Bishop of London, in which the will was recorded, 24th October, 
1641. King's Coll. Charter Room, Old Shuttle xlvi., No. 21. J 

* Here follow bequests of money, furniture, clothes, jewels, pictures, medical instru- 
ments, curiosities, &c., to the testator's brothers, Mr. Robert, Mr. James, Mr. Peter; the 
sons of his brother Adam* [deceased, formerly Regent in Mar. Coll.] ; his godson Alexander 
Downie ; his sister Isabell's eldest son, and two younger sons " maisteres of Airt " ; his 
sister Elspet, spouse of Mr. Alexander Youngson, and every one of her children ; his youngest 
sister Catherine, spouse to Mr. William Burnett, minister of Kinarny ; his cousin Dr. 
Alexander Frazer ; John Wilmott, " barberr surgeon in Litle Brittaney," or alternatively 
Nicholas Darcey, the testator's servant ; Mr. David Morehead ; Mrs. Anne Cutts ; Sir 
Arthur Terynghame and Lady Terynghame ; the Earl of Bridgewater ; Mr. Ewen Davis and 
Mr. Peter Smairt, apothecaries ; Mr. Thomas Forman, chirurgeon ; Mr. John Donningstoun ; 
" my worthy friend " Dr. Balcanquo, his daughter, and her mother, Lady Hammond ; Mrs. 
Morehead ; Dr. Frazer's wife ; Isabell Edgar ; Sir Thomas Burnett of Leyes ; Mr. Alexander 
Youngson ; and Robert Reid's wife. 

t Bequests to executors ; testator's nephews James and Peter Reid ; his cousins, 
Mr. Samuel Frazer and Mr. Alexander Forbes ; Robert Reid's eldest son ; Adam Reid's wife ; 
and Thomas Cargill. The residue equally among all the children of his brothers and sisters. 
Special bequests to Lady Moore, and to Sir Peter Heymond's eldest son. 

X See opinion of Sir John Temple, Solicitor-general, anent this legacy (King's Coll. 
Charter Room, Old Shuttle xxxii.). No benefit seems to have been derived therefrom 
by either college. Cf. note on p. 226. An extract from the will is given in the " Buik 
of Register," and has appended these notes : — 

" This mortificatione is not yit payit this yeir 1655 

" Expences for raising executing and registrating of ane inhibitione against the Earle 
of Annandaill conforme to Mr W"i Thomsone vreater in Abd his account of the dait the 
23 December 1656 amountng to 33 punds los quhairof the new colledge pairt is 8 lib 7s 6d " 

* In addition to Secretary Thomas Reid — supra p. 194 — there was a seventh brother John, 
" serviter to Mr George Buchanan " (Scott's FasH, iii. 521). 



X 



236 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164O. 

XXXIX. 

Rental of 1640. 

The Rentall of the Colledge Marischall Anno 1640 extracted 
out of ane old rentall* 

The Principalls Stipend. 

Imprimis the Croft befor the Grammar Schooll lyand anent 
the west kirk doore alias kings doore called the Sowe 
[Fore?] croft sett out to one William Stevin and 
formerly to Alex' Thome and Jean Ewin fermoreis 
payes as of old to the principall eightein bolls bear 
yeirlie t 18 bolls bear 

Item the croft called the Pynorsnuik croft lyand besouth the 
bowbridge occupied be Alex"^ Harrow and now be his 
relict payes 10 bolls bear % 10 bolls 

lib. s. d. 
Item ane croft marching from the northwest syde of the stone 
house without the Gallowgateheid on the east syde of 
the kingsgate running out to the Crookit myre as they 
goe to the Gallowhills occupied be Andrew Farquhar 
fermorer payit of old 2 bolls bear but now only § 08 00 00 

* From the inclusion of Sir Thomas Crombie's endowment {infra, p. 248) it would seem 
that this rental must be of a date somewhat later than 1640. 

t See pp. 6, 92, 102, 103. On this crofl, afterwards called Caberstone croft — bounded 
by the Denburn, the Schoolhill, the tenements along the west side of the Backwynd, 
and the lane joining the Backwynd and the Denburn — the streets called Belmont Street 
and Little Belmont Street have been built. The ground was feued in 1765- to different 
feuars for a total feuduty of 42 bolls, 3 f. 2 p. bear, and £b^ gs. 6d., with ;;^i 13s. 4d. of 
teind. In 1772 the College purchased from the town part of a house in the Backwynd as 
an entry to Little Belmont Street (;^72 12s. 6d.) ; and in 1774 a ruinous tenement opposite 
Gordon's Hospital as an entry to Belmont Street (;^i3 os. 6d,) 

t See pp. 13, 97, 102, 103. This croft, lying in the angle between the Denburn and 
the south side of the Windmillbrae, was feued in 1790- , to various parties, for a total 
feuduty of 61 bolls, 2 f. x\ p. bear and ;£"ii4 6s. iid. 

§ See pp. 5, 92. Feued in 1807 for 9 bolls 2 pecks and £16 gs. 7id. to Shipmaster 
Society parts described as — 

I. Measuring 8g feet from S. to N. along W. side of King Street, bounded on E. 



1640.] COLLEGE RENTAL. 237 

lib. s. d. 
Item the great Colledge gairden occupied be Hendrie Marr 

gairdner * 40 00 00 

Item a feu out of the lands of Arduine in the Garreoch possest 

be John Leith of Newlands t 12 00 00 

Item a feu out of the house befor the gray frier kirk possest 

be John Allardes % 01 06 08 

Item out of Little Arnache now from Mr Williame More of 

Hiltoune § 13 06 08 



by said street, on N. by land of said Society, on W. by canal, on S. by land of Wrights 
and Coopers. 

2. Also along W. side of King Street, bounded on E. by said street, on N. by 
said land of Wrights and Coopers, on W. by canal, on S. by land of said Society. 

3. Lying E. of building areas on E. side of , King Street, bounded by said areas on 
W., land of said Society on N., by on E., and by lands of Wrights and 
Coopers on S. 

4. Do., do., bounded by said areas on W., by foresaid ground of said trade on N., 
Gallowhill road on E., land of said Society on S. 

Feued to New Street Trustees in i8og a portion of two rigs necessary for King Street 
60 feet in breadth gratis, and 50 feet in breadth along east side of same for building areas, 
for feuduty of 12s. 6d. 

Feued in 1809 for 3 bolls, 3 firlots, 2 pecks and £j 2s. 3d., a part described 
as measuring 2 roods and 26 falls, being the part lying westward of the canal of the 
Rigg of land belonging to said College, bounded on the S. by lands of the Wrights and 
Coopers, on the W. by the road from North Street to Mounthooly, on the N. by lands 
of the Shipmaster Society, and on the E. by the canal. 

Feued in 1813 for i boll 3 f. i p. and £^ 7s. 4^d., a part described as measur- 
ing one rood three falls, bounded on E. by canal, on S. by land of , 
on W. by road from North Street to Mounthooly, on N. by land of Wrights and 
Coopers. 

* See p. 93. Feued, 1782- , for 4 bolls, o f. if p. and £j 8s. 

+ See pp. 18, loi, 107. The superiority of Arduine, value £1 sterling, was sold in 
1813 for £100, and the price lent for behoof of the Locality funds. 

X Still paid, appearing in University Rentals thus — 
" Annuities from Houses. 
House in Broad Street : George Brantingham formerly £ s. d. 

Mellis, per J. & A. Webster o 2 2^^ " 

§ Still paid, appearing in University Rentals thus — 

" Annuities and Feuduties from Lands. 
Lands of Turnerhall : Major Turner i 2 1^ " 



238 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1640. 

Item out of the mortificatione left be Sir Thomas Crombie 
Laird of Kemnay payit be the master of mortificationes 
of the Counsell of Aberdein no 02 00 



Summa of all is 28 bolls bear 

lib. s. d. 
And of moneys 184 15 04 



The Eldest Regent or the Principalls Substitute his Stipend. 

Item the Loch croft alias the black friers' gairden lyand at 
the back of David Andersones houssis and the grammar 
schooll marching to the old watergang of the loche and 
the kings hieway by the grammar schoollhill occupied 
be Alex"" Thorne 18 bolls bear* 18 bolls 

lib 

Item tuentie one merks and a halfe from the relict of Mr 
John Alexander Marjorie Jamiesone out of the gairden 
in the grein callit the Carmelite friers gairden t 14 06 08 

* See pp. 7, 100. Feued to the Magistrates in 1732 for building Gordon's Hospital 
on. Rent 20 bolls bear, with a grassum of ;^3o. As this was the first (save one, v. p. 76) 
alienation of the original College property and expressly contrary to the Foundation Charter, 
the Act of Faculty of Nov. 29 takes care to show that the rent obtained is considerably more 
than any land had hitherto let for near Aberdeen. In the Feu-charter (17th March) the croft 
is defined as " lying within the Schoolhill of the Burgh of Aberdeen towards the Woolmanhill 
thereof contigue adjacent to the said Blackfriars Manse and Yard presently belonging to the 
Master of Mortifications of Aberdeen as Manager of the said Jean Guild's Mortification : 
betwixt the foresaid Manse and Yard formerly of the Blackfriars now belonging to the said 
Jean Guild's Mortification at the East, the King's Common High Street leading from the 
Schoolhill to the Woolmanhill and the houses feued out by the Town of Aberdeen near 
Lochermick's houses at the South and West parts, and the Lochlands belonging to Alex- 
ander and George Forbeses of Lochermick, merchants in Aberdeen, at the south part". 

t See pp. 16, 93, 105. This was the painter's daughter : see tack to her in Mar. 
Coll. Ch. Ch., xii. 6g. The Carmelites' Garden was feued in 1794 for the construc- 
tion of Carmelite Street, for a feuduty of 13^ bolls bear and £16 13s. 4d., to be 
afterwards increased to 23^ bolls bear and ;f30. In the Feu-charter of 20th January, 
1794, the ground is described as bounded " on the East by the heirs of Alexander Smith, 
late merchant in Aberdeen ; on the North by the Green and Fishery ; on the West by 
Brand's Wynd and Rannie's Lane to the north-west extremity of James Mackie's feu, 
then by the north and east of said feu along the march till it join the lane called 
Wapping Street ; and on the South by the public road from the extremity of the foresaid 
lane leading towards the Trinity till the same join the boundary of the land belonging 
to the heirs of the said Alexander Smith ". 



1640.] COLLEGE RENTAL. 239 

lib. 
Item out of the laird of Kemnayes mortificatione payit be 

the master of mortificationes of Aberdein 55 01 00 

Item the casualities of the hie classe as double stipend from 

all that are laureat 



The Regent Second to the Principall his Stipend 

Item the croft callit Cuningarhills occupied be Hendrie Demp- 
ster* 10 bolls bear 

Item the croft Fill the cape both lyand as yee goe to the 

gallowhills occupied be John Geills t 6 bolls 



* See pp. 4, 92, 102, 104, Feued in part in 1808 to Alexander Matheson, nurseryman, 
for a feuduty of 20 bolls if. i p. and £40 3s. 3d. Lease to Golf Club for 99 years, 1866, 
£2. The feu lapsed, and the croft was sold to the town, for a site for an epidemic hos- 
pital. 

The portion feued is described in the Charter (8th December, 1808) as " lying on 
the east side of the road leading from Aberdeen by the Thieves Bridge to the Old Town 
Links ; bounded on the West by the said road ; on the North by another road leading 
past the front or south side of a Barn lately built by James and George Aiken, the 
present tenants of the said Croft, which road is already partly made out, and is to be 
extended in a straight line all the way eastward to the links, and to be twelve feet in 
breadth in all time coming; on the East by the Links; and on the South by the south 
boundary of the said croft so far as the same belongs to us ". 

f See pp. 5, 94, 102. Feued in portions, for construction of Constitution Street, &c., 
in 1815 (a feuduty of 2 bolls, 3 f. i p. bear and £s i6s. 3d.) ; 1826 (;^29 i6s. 3d. and 
;^5 8s. Id.); 1835-62 (;^3 IIS. 6d.). 

1815. I rood and 6 falls. S. by the back or north wall of new Flesh Market of 
Aberdeen ; W. by the Park Road ; N. by a straight line 30 feet from and parallel to 
the back wall of said Flesh Market ; and E. by a line running northward from the east- 
most extremity of said wall and at right angles therewith. 

1826. 3 roods, 39 falls. E. by property of Aberdeenshire Canal Navigation Company ; 
W. by a street proposed to be made out by us from Constitution Street to the S. boundary 
of said croft ; and N. and S. by College Marches. 

1826. 28 falls, 30 ells. E. by croft of land called Futty's mire, feued from Ham- 
mermen trade ; W. by property of Aberdeen Canal Navigation Company ; S. by lands feued 
from George Still and others ; N. lands of James Hardie and others. 

1835. Thirty-two feet along N. side of a new road or street lately made out by 
us from Park Street to another new street of 30 feet in breadth leading from Consti- 
tution Street Southward [South Constitution Street]; N. by^property of Angus M'Pherson ; 
E., said new road; S., said new road from Park Street; W., unfenced ground. 



240 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164O. 

lib. 
Item from the said Marjorie Jamiesone out of the Carmelite 

friers gairden vther 21 merks and a halfe 14 06 08 

Item from the master of mortificationes out of Kemnayes 

mortificatione 55 01 00 

Item from William Mitchell out of his houssis and yeards 

in the grein lyand contigue to the old Carmelite 

church at the back of the trinitie gairden marching 

with the sea mark * 14 03 04 

Item a few out of the malt barnes at the friers kill occupied 

be the successors of Robert Leslie in the grein payit 

be Francis Irvine and now W"" Gellie t 6 13 04 

Item from John Archibald ane annuitie out of his hous in the 

Castellgate qch belongit to Alex"" Yooll and now to t 00 12 00 
Item Walter Darge his hous in the grein now possessed be 

John Kennie § 00 05 00 

Item out of William Leslie's tuo houssis now joyned in one 

lyand in the netherkirkgate || 00 06 08 

Item out of the house on the south kirkyeard dyck foregainst 

the Correctione hous belonging of old to John Lindsay 

caird and now to William Wright IT 00 10 00 

Item from David Gregorie out of his hous in the grein now 

belonging to William Murray Wyver ** 00 13 04 

* Still paid, appearing in University Rentals thus — 
" Annuities from Houses. 
House in Green : A. Stephen and others, per £ s. d. 

G. Grant, Advocate i 3 7y\ " 

t Do. do. 

" Friars Kiln and Barn : Messrs. Hadden & Sons, Green o 11 i,^ " 

+ This annuity is not accounted for. It does not appear in Dr. Gerard's list of " Feus 
stated in the Old Rentals but contended and not yet evicted " (Localities Accounts, 1755). 
§ Gerard's list. No. i. 
II Ibid., No. 2. 

^ Property acquired by New Street Trustees, and feu-duty still paid by Burgh, 
appearing in University Rentals thus — 

" Annuities from Houses. 

£ s- d. 
House at churchyard o o 10 " 

•* Gerard's list, No. 3. 



1640.] COLLEGE RENTAL. 24 1 

lib. 
Item from William Moir of ferriehill out of his hous lying vnder 

the castellhill * 00 01 00 

Item out of Robert Willox house without the justice port 

somtymes belonging to Nicolsone t 00 06 08 

Item out of Mr Hfew Irvine's hous in the grein belonging of old 

to Gilbert Menzeis and now to John Rosse and Thomas 

Wyllie wyver % 00 07 00 

Item from M"" WilHam -^die his hous in the grein sometyme 

possesst be William Leslie and George ^die and his 

airs and now be David ^Edie § 00 10 00 

Item from James Leslie of Wartle out of his lands of Wartle 

in the garreoch || 02 00 00 

Item from the Laird of Leslie Forbes out of the milne of Leslie 

in the garreoche H 02 00 00 

Item from Robert Glennie out of William Shands hous at the 

back of the tolboothe belonging of old to Robert Paule 

and now to ** 00 10 00 

Item from John Craigheid flesher in name of James Galloway 

for his hous in the nethirkirkgate ft 00 10 00 

Item from whyte James Skein for his hous in the broadgate 

belonging to M"" William Forbes in the hospital jj 00 10 00 
Item from M'' Robert Patrie provest out of his back hous at 

the Colledge dyck in the end of his closse §§ 01 00 00 

Item out of the lands of Banchorie Devenick from the laird of 

Leslie || || 06 13 04 



* Gerard's list, No. 4. t Ibid., No. 5. t Ibid., No. 6. § Ibid., No. 7. 
II See p. 108. Still paid, appearing in University Rentals thus — 
" Annuities, &c., from Lands. 

£ s. d. 

Little Wartle : Mr. Leslie 034" 

ir See pp. 19, 246. Do. do. 

*' New Leslie : Colonel A. L. Hay of Rannes o 14 5^*^ " 

•• Gerard's list, No. 8. +t Ibid., No. g. tt Ibid., No. 10. 

§§ Ibid., No. II. nil Ibid., No. 12. See pp. 8, 94. 

HH 



242 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164O. 

lib. 

Item out of ane hous in the heid of the castellgate neirest 
Gilbert Blacks Inland belonging to William Gordone 
and now to his sone George Gordone * 00 03 4 

Item out of the Williamsoncs hous in the grein vnder the 
kirkyeard dyck qlk now belonges to William Sangster 
over against our Carmelite friers houssis and yeards t 

00 06 08 

Item out of ane anglehous at the shore qlk of old wes 
thecked with heather and rebuildit be provest Cullen 
and baillie Robert Forbes of Robslaw and sold to 
Buchans Alexander Burnett belonging of old to George 
Gray and heirafter to James Scalone to the X 00 10 00 

Item out of ane hous nixt adjacent to M"" William Forbes 
hous and betuixt it and James Milnes hous belonging 
to the airs of John Gordone and now to Marjorie 
Simpsone his relict lyand on the west syde of the 
broadgate § 00 10 00 

Item out of M"" John Kempts croft now possesst be Baillie 

Mollesone || 00 06 08 

The Stipend of the Third Regent. 

Item out of ane croft at the Craibstoune occupied be Alex"" 

Thome 9 bolls bear 

Item out of ane croft at the Justice milles occupied be the sd 

Alex' Thome IF 5 bolls 2 firl* 

* Gerard's list, No. 13. t Ibid., No. 14. J Ibid., No. 15. See p. 97. 

§ Ibid., No. 16, but " evicted" in 1761-62, and still appears in University Rentals thus— 
*' Annuities from Houses. 
House in the Broad-street: Mrs. Taylor and others, £ s. d. 

per Marquis and Hall o. o 10 " 

II Ibid., No. 17. 

^ See pp. 4, 6, 12, 102. Lands near the Craibstone and Justice Mills were feued out 
for the purpose of building Chapel Street (in conjunction with the Tailor Trade), 1805- , 
and Huntly Street (for which an entrance to .Union Street was purchased ftom the New 
Street Trustees : feuduty to burgh, ^89 15s.) in 1821- . The ground along the former 
yields to the College of feuduties, ;£"iog 7s. 8d. ; along the latter, ;^i57 i8s. iid. 

The Longstone Croft was feued in 1804 (6 bolls and ;^I2) ; and in 1806 (15 bolls 2 f. 
and £25-15). 



1640.] COLLEGE RENTAL. 243 

lib. 

Item out of the ruids of Kintore i boll f because it payes 

4 bolls and a halfe * 12 

Item tuentie merks out of the Carmelite friers gairden from 

the relict of Peter Hill now be Alexander Tayl30ur 13 06 08 

Item from the master of mortificationes out of Kemnayes rent 

and mortificatione 55 10 00 

Item from Mr Robert Patrie now from Jhone Duncane bayl3ie 
out of his croft at the Craibstone, now Thomas Cushnies 
holding few 10 14 00 

Item from the laird of Vdnie out of the lands of fiddesmoir 

and fiddesbegg \ 10 00 00 

Item out of M*" John Findlators land at the bowbridge his 

houssis and land being fewed out + 05 06 08 

Item out of Mr William ^dies hous in the grein fold be- 
longing to James Blackball as they go to the friers 
hill § 01 07 GO 

Item out of Patrick Annands hous in the midst of the 

nethirkirkgate on the north syde|| 00 06 08 



1804 i acre lying near Windmillbrae. S. proposed Union Street ; E. lands of Hammer- 
men ; W. lands now of New Street Trustees; N. continuation of line of S. boundary of 
another croft of College, cutting off J acre from N.E. end of Longstone Croft. 

1806 to New Street Trustees. 70 ft. for street gratis. 40 ft. for building areas. 
On North side ; property of Trustees to E. and W. ; Summer road from Chapel of Ease 
to Hardgate on N. Two pieces on south side (82 ft. and 41 ft.) along Windmillbrae to 
S. ; property of Trustees to E. and W. ; and building areas to N. 

* See pp. 7, 98, loi. Reduced by augmentations of stipend till in 1784 its value was 
only £1 13s. 4d. Sold in that year to the Earl of Kintore for ^102 ids., which sum was 
applied to pay debts incurred by locality funds in improving Caberstone croft, i.e., in laying 
out Belmont and Little Belmont Streets. 

+ See pp. 8, 93, 108. Gerard's list. No. 21. 

$ Still paid, appearing in University Rentals thus— 

" Annuities, &c., from Lands. 

£ s. d. 

Part of Eight Roods: Wright and Cooper Trade 049 

Do. do. Weaver Trade 017 

Part of Well Croft do. 02 6,^" 

See below, p. 246. 
§ Gerard's list, No. 22. Ibid., No. 23. 



244 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164O. 

lib. 
Item Andrew Raites hous in the guestraw of old provest 

Leslie's and now belonging to Andrew Thomsone * 00 13 04 
Item George Morrisones hous in the closse over against the 

clerks chamber stair foot t 00 10 00 

Item the laird of pitarrow his lands of Easter Glensaucht 

alias frier's glen in the mernes qlk holds few of ws X 03 03 04 
Item Vmphrayes croft pertaining to Gilbert Leslie as yee goe 

to the old toune and now to the old toune college § 00 06 08 
Item James Brownes hous in the south syde of the castell- 

gate lyand contigue to Alex'' Cruikshanks new hous 

of old belonging to George Mdie uright and now to 

the airs of the s*^ James Broune || 01 04 00 

Item Baillie Skein for John Ingrahams houssis on the south 

syde of the heid of the castellgate IT 00 10 00 

Item Patrick Blairs hous without the Justice port on the angle 

a great hous of old belonging to John Laing** . 00 03 04 
Item the master of mortificationes for Jean Guild's hous in 

the Schoolhill at the back of the grammar school tt 02 00 00 
Item William Rollands hous in the gallowgate neir doctor 

Moirs hous now belonging to |J 00 03 04 

The Stipend of the Last and Youngest or Fourt Regent. 

Imprimis from Alex"^ Strachan fermorer foure bolls and a halfe 

beare 4 bolls and a halfe 

* Gerard's list, No. 24. f Ibid., No. 25. 

J See pp. 19, loi. The superiority was sold in i8o8 for ^45, and the price lent to 
Gray's Fund for behoof of the localities. 

§ Gerard's list, No. 26. || Ibid., No. 27. H Ibid., No. 28. ** Ibid., No. 29. 
ft Still paid by the Burgh, appearing in University Rentals thus — 
" Annuities from Houses. 

£ s. d. 

Grammar School : Master of Mortifications 034" 

tt Gerard's list. No. 30. 



1640.] COLLEGE RENTAL. 245 

Item from James Harrow for the Dowcat croft at the bow- 
bridge 3 bolls 3 fir* * 3 bolls 3 fir* 

Item from William Milne for the croft vnder the windmilne 

5 bolls and a halfe t 5 bolls and a halfe 

Item from M"" William Sibbald for eight ruides in Kintor 

4 bolls and a halfe 4 bolls and a halfe 

lib. 

Item out of the Carmelite friers gairden from 13 06 08 

Item from the master of mortificationes out of Kemnayes 

mortificatione 55 00 00 

Item from William Law for his crofts at the Crabstone a 

feu of 5 lib 4 s 5 04 00 

Item from Francis Irvine out of James Leslie's hous at the 

bowbridge 01 16 00 

Item from Alex'' Ramsayes hous now John Donaldsones in 

the shipraw % 02 00 00 

Item out of M'' William ^dies hous nixt to James Leslies 

hous in the grein Baylie Strachans little hous§ 01 02 00 

Item out of James Liddells hous and the fore hous on the 
west syde of the gallowgate neir the common vennell 
that goes to the loche |i 01 00 00 

Item out of Walter Robertsone's hous on the north syde of 

the grein of old the Williamsones housH 04 00 00 

* See pp. 12, 102, 104. Feued for 3 bolls, 3 f. to the New Street Trustees for an 
entrance to Union Terrace. 

+ This is Barbour's or Tolquhon's croft, see pp. 5, 102. Feued in 1806-7 '" two portions 
(for formation of Catherine Street) for feuduties of five bolls bear and £io, and i boll, 2 f. 
bear and £2 8s. iid. Described as lying respectively on the East and West sides of the 
Inverurie turnpike ; bounded on the East by the road leading from Gallowgatehead to Hilton ; 
on the West by the burn running from Broadford ; by lands feued from King's College on 
the South ; and by lands belonging to Hugh Hutcheon and to King's College on the North. 

X Acquired by the New Street Trustees, and still paid by the Burgh, appearing in 
University Rentals thus— 

" Annuities from Houses. 

£ '- d. 
Old Ship Tavern 03 4 " 

§ Gerard's list. No. 18. || Ibid., No. ig. 

ir Acquired by the New Street Trustees, and still paid by the Burgh, appearing in 
University Rentals thus — 

" Annuities from Houses. 

£ s- d. 
House in the Green o 6 8 " 



246 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

Uh. 

Item out of the Justice milnes from the thesaurer of Abd.* 01 06 08 

Item from Gilbert Black his crofts in Futtie t 02 08 00 

Item from M"" Robert Forbes out of Mariewell croft in few X 03 02 00 

Item from M"" James Lieth out of new leslie a feu § 06 13 04 

Item out of ane hous in the shipraw of old Alex' Milns and 

Cornelius Caddells now Baillie Burnetts and il 



XL. 

Barbara Forbes mortifies the whole books and mathematical instruments of 
Dr. William Johnston, her husband, to the Marischal Cbllege. 11th 
February, 1641.^ 

The Quhilk day Forsaemeikleas Barbarae Forbes widow and 
relict of vmqll master Williame Johnstoun doctor in phisick and 
professor of mathimaticques within the new college of Aberdein Hes 
frielie givin and mortifiet to the toune of Aberdein for the wse of 
the said colledge and particularlie for the wse of the professor and 
studentis of mathimaticques within the samen in all tyme cuming 
The haill mathimathicall bookes and instrumentis whilkis belongit 



* Still paid by the Burgh— 

" Annuities, &c., from Lands. 

£ s- d. 
Ground at Justice Mills : Treasurer of Aberdeen o 2 2y\ " 

t Still paid— 

" Croft at Footdee : Blaikie Brothers 040" 

X Still paid— 

" Marywell Croft : Shoemaker trade o 5 2" 

§ See above, p. 241. || Gerard's list, No. 20. 

H " Ut in Professorum nostrorum Albo splendet, ita in Benefactorum Choro fiilget, 
GULIELMUS JOHNSTONUS, M.D., et Mathetnatutti hie Professor: Qui ex antiquissima de 
Caskyben, erat oriundus familia, 

Phaniccs Regni qua dedit una duos, 

" Arthurum sciz, Medicum Regium, et celeberrimum astatis et gentis suas Poctam, et 
GuuELMUM, quorum uterque, stemmatis sui gloriam, summopere meritis auxit. 

" GuLiELMUS ad exteros profectus, tanta inclaruit eruditione ut peregrinus licet, 
primS Humaniorum literarum, et dcinde Philosophice Professor, in Academia Sedanensi 



164I.] WILLIAM JOHNSTON'S INSTRUMENTS. 247 

to the said doctor Williame hir husband the tyme of his deceas con- 
forme to ane Inventer and Catalogue thairof subscryuit be the 
said Barbarae this seventein day of februar instant Thairfoir the 
prowest Bail3eis and counsell of the said brughe acknoweledging 
with all thankfulnes the benefit redounding to the said toune and 
colledge be the said mortificatioun Ordaines the saidis haill mathi- 
maticall buikis and instrumentis to be put wethin the said colledge 
librarie and thair to be delyverit be inventar to master Robert 
Downie Bibliothecar to be keipit be him and maid extant and 
furthcumand in tyme cuming to the vse foirsaid whairwnto they 
ar givin and destinat be the said Barbarae Forbes lyk as they 
ordaine the said master Robert Downie to give ane not under 
~his hand to the said Barbarae wpoun his recept of the saidis haill 
buikis and instrumentis conforme to the catalogue thairof 

From the Tmvn Council Register^ Vol. lii., p. 617. 

designaretur ; in qua, se ita gessit provincia, ut et maximam famam et insolitam 
comparaverit doctrinam. Post ergo peragratas Regiones exteras, post frequentatas 
florentissimas Enropce Scholas, et lustrata bellorum Castra, a Scnatu Ahredonensi, in 
patriam revocatus, ut Superiorum Mathcmatuvi professionem, a Liddelio recens institutam, 
primus capesseret ; tanti multifariae eruditionis supellectile onustus rediit, ut inter 
praestantissimos illorum temporum Philologos, Medicos, Mathematicos, Botanicos, etc., 
meritissimo numeraretur : Et non tantum eximisL doctrinS, et rara in docendo foelicitate, 
disciplinas Mathematicas, dum in vivorum versabatur contuberniis, excolere et propagare 
annisus est ; sed etiam cavere voluit, ne a posteris negligerentur ; huncque in Laborum 
et histrtimentorutn Mathcmaticorum supplevit inopiam, omnemque, quam magnis com- 
paraverat sumptibus, supellectilem, Bibliothecee nostras legavit." (Smith's Oratio, p. 24.) 

" De GuLiELMO certe idem usurpare possumus, quod olim de Tito Imperatore sua- 
vissimo dictum est, Delicice est hiimani generis; tanta est ejus comitas, tanta urbanitas." 
(Strachan's Panegyricus Inauguralis dictus Anno 1630, p. 22.) 

See also Sir Thomas Urquhart's Tracts, 1774, p. 125 ; Jaffray's Diary, 1833, PP- 127, 
238 ; Baron's Apodixis Catholica, 1631, p. 29 ; Forbes' Funerals, Ed. of 1845, p. 365 ; Maid- 
ment's Catalogues 0/ Scottish Writers, 1833, p. 114 ; Gordon's Scots Affairs, Vol. iii., 1842, p. 
208 ; Irving's Lives, 1839, Vol. ii., p. 39 ; Johnston's jfohnstoiis of that Ilk, 1832, p. 38 ; 
Johnston's jfames Young and Rachel Cruickshank, 1850, App. p. 41.) 

On the Heraldic Ceiling the same arms were assigned to William Johnston as to 
John Johnston [supra, p. 114). Two "broads" commemorate the former, one showing 
his arms as Argent, a saltire sable, on a chief [gules] three cushions or, in base a flower 
[tulip ?] gules, stalked and leaved vert ; the other with the same bearings impaled in a 
lozenge with those of his wife, viz., Azure, three bear's heads couped argent muzzled gules, 
a rose of the last for difference. In a portrait of Johnston which hangs in Marischal 
College Hall a red flower [carnation ?J is introduced above the right ear. 



248 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

XLI. 

Sir Thomas Crombie of Kemnay, Knight, by his last will and testament, 
bequeaths to the Provost, Baillies, and Council the sum of twenty thousand 
nierks Scots for the maintenance of eight bursars, and the augmentation 
of the salaries of the Principal and four Regents, ^th July, 1641.* 

Be it kend till all men by thir presentis Me Sir thomas 
Crombie of Kemnay Knicht Forsaemeikle as I haue the landis and 
barronie of Kemnay and landis of Crageme with the maner place 
of Kemnay and richt of the teinds of tfie saids lands and all thar 
pairts pendicles and pertinents lyand within the sheriffdome of 
Abd pertaineing to heretabilie purchasit and acquirit be me in my 
awne tyme by gods onlie help and providence and seeing that I 
haue not bairnes of my awne bodie gotten to succeid to me and 
that I intend to mortifie to gods glorie ane pairt of my meanes 
and with ane vthir pairt tharoif to benifit my narrest appeirand airs 
and successors and vthirs my kinspeopell and kyndlie freinds Lykas 
I haue libertie and power be my infeftments at quhatsumewer tyme in 
my lyftyme at any tyme befor my deceis it were at the werie hour 
of my death to mack grant and subscryve sic mortificationes dis- 

* " Jam prodeat ille Academiae Atlas, Abredoniae Decus et Benefactorum Phosphorus D. 
Thomas Crombaeus a Kemnay, Eques Auratus, qui sapientiS, fidelitate, in rebus maximis 
prudent!^ et dexteritate, et in omnibus, vitae innocentii et morum suavitate, tantiim 
claruit, et de Principum optimo, et Regni primoribus meruit, ut ad Suprcmi vicccotnitis 
Abredonensis eveheretur, omnium cum gratulatione, dignitatem, quam antea maximae 
et potentissimae Regni familias tenebant semper, et ambibant ; quamque Nobilissimi 
Errolii Comites, jure haereditario tenuerunt usque ad Floudonense Praelium, in quo 
Gulielmo Errolii Comite extincto, ipsius Filius minorennis, et Nohili Parente, et Vice- 
comitis officio orbatus est. Sed Virtus, quae sola nobilitat, hunc nostrum Maecenatem et 
maximis, et optimis parem reddidit. 

" Inter omnes autem, quae Heroicam CROMBiCi animam ornabant Virtutes, nulla 
illustrior extitit, quam indefessum bene faciendi, et bene merendi studium, praecipue 
de Natalium ipsius loco, et nostra hac Academia : Illius etenim Gratiae et Benevolentiae 
magna ex parte debet Abredonia, amplitudinem, illam yurisdictionis, qu4 jam in Cajn- 
talibus fruitur. 

" Hie est, qui praeter quatuor Mercarum millia, Ptochodochiis Edinburgensi et Aber- 
donensibus legata, Academiae Marischallanae Triginta mercarum nostratium millia conse- 
cravit: Nam decem mercarum millia Octo alendis, Philosophiae stndiosis, totidemque 
augendis Gymnasiarchae et Philosophiae Professorum stipendiis destinavit, probe enim cog- 
noverat Vir optimus, quam contract! fuerint nostri Reditus, quamque fuerit Res angusta, 



164I.] SIR THOMAS CROMBIE'S ENDOWMENT. 249 

pones assignationes or vthir richts in ampill forme and in sic forme and 
maner as I sould think moist fitt and expedient And forsaemeikle as 
I haue not onlie tua sisters germane elspet and cristane crombie quha 
ar to succeid to me and ar my only lauchfull aperands airs and successors 
. , . Tharfor I ordaine and apoint the saidis landis and barronie 
of Kemney and landis of Cragerne with the teindis tharof Togidder 
with maner place tower and fortail3ie of Kemnay laitlie buildit . . . 
As sen soewer it sail pleas god to call me furth of this lyffe faill- 
3ieing of airs or bairnes ane or mair lauchfullie gottin of my owne bodie 
allanerlie and no wthirwayes To be sauld and disponit heritablie be 
my saids apeirand airs and thar spoussis or be thar airs Repre- 
senting me or them with consent of the said dame marget Kere my 
spouss to the best availl with all convenient diligence without delay 
to quhatsumewer persona or persones that will buy the same The 
true pryce worth and awaill tharoff frie of all lyverent or vthir burdins 
I estimat to the sowme of ane hundreth thousand merkis scotis 



et curta Praeccptorum Siipellcx ; et quod Honos alit Artes, omnesque gloria et praemiis 
ad studia incendantur : Ne igitur esurirent Musae, aut prae docentium media, perirent 
Literae, Nos in aeternum victur4 ipsius munificentia tibi divinxit, et ne deessent Maroncs, 
se mirificum praestitit Macccnatcm : Sed //// doctrinam, bonesque Litems propagare, 
ni etiam Rcligionem et Pietatem promovisset, non sufficiebat ; ideoque alia Decern Mer- 
carum millia, Verbi Divini in Franciscanorum Fano, Praeconi consecravit, ut juniorum 
mentes simul, et sanioris Ernditionis et purioris Religionis dementis imbuerentur. 

" O immensam munificentiam ! Aureis primaevi Christianismi temporibus dignam ! 
O gloriosam incomparabilis Viri pietatem ! quae Thomae nostro, in Sanctorum Calendario, 
locum optimo jure vendicat. 

" Tanta est hujus Liberalitatis magnitude, ut eMem obruti, referenda gratiae Nos 
impares testemur. Quanquam ergo, diversa docentium vocibus, Academia Marischallana 
perstrepat, omnium tamen vox una est, Immensd D. Thomae Crombaei largitione, 
depulsam esse inopiam et animos tum Praeceptorum, tum Studiosonim, antea marcentes 
penuriS, jam erectos et ad optima quaeque dispositos esse, Ideoque, 

Assurge quicquid uspiam est docti Chori, 

Tantoque honores exhibcto nomini, 

Cui Musa nostra pangeret carmen lubens, 

Sed Thomas major omni est praeconio." 

— Smith's Oratio, p. 23. 

In the shield assigned to Sir Thomas Crombie on the Heraldic Ceiling the bearings 
were. Argent, a bend engrailed azure between a mullet in chief and a crescent in base 
gules. The Crombie "broad" is wanting. Stodart (i., plate 118) shows a wholly 
different coat for Crombie. 

II 



250 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

molley at the leist or to any vthir soume less or mair may be had and 
gottin therfor Lykwayes I appoint and ordaine the pryce sowme and 
awaill tharoff with the sowme of twentie four thousand merkes 
monay dewe and auchtable to me to be destenat imployit satisfiet 
and payet to the particular persones and to the vses respectiue follow- 
ing Viz In the first I mortifie assigne and dispone to and in favour of 
the colledge of new abd callit Marshalls colledge the sowme of 
tuentie thousand merkes scots money Quharof the sowme of ten 
thousand for sustentatione helpe and provisione within the said col- 
ledge of aucht bursers and the anwel rent and profiet tharof accord- 
ing to aucht merkes the hundreth to be 3eirlie payit and given vp 
to ilk burser dureing the time of thar four 3eirs course as the same 
extends to 3eirlie for ilk bursars pairt to the sowme of ane hun- 
dreth merkes money And the sowme of other ten thousand mirkes 
money to be payit to the vse and benefit of the principall and four regents 
of the said colledge and the anvel rent and profitte therof acording to 
aucht merkes the hundreth to be distribut payit and 3eirlie given to 
the principall of the said colledge for the tyme onlie or to the regents 
or ather of tham in haill or in pairt at the sicht and discretione of 
the provest baillies and counsell of Abd for the tyme Quhome I 
apoint and nominat to be patrones and onlie guiders and governours to 
haue ane caire to sie the forsaid sowme of twentie thousand merkis 
warit imployit and bestowit wpon land sufficient band or anvel 
rent and the profeit and anvel rent tharof forsaid to be 3eirlie dis- 
tribut and payit and givin to the particular persons respectiue aboue 
rehearsit as they will answeire to God Lykas I will and ordaine 
that giue the bursars or any of tham being receiuit and admittit 
within ye said colledge prowydit to the forsaid 3eirlie help and pro- 
vision sail hapin to become insolent and not giue thar attendance 
and dewe obedience In that it salbe alwayes lesume to the saidis 
provest baillies and councell for the tyme patrones aboue namet 
be themselves efter sufficient tryall first takeing to depoiss and 
remove all such insolent and disobedient turbulland and de- 
boarding bursers and frae all benifit and provisione and to admitt 
and accept and receiue new bursaris in thar vice and place alse oft 
as neid beis and that at all occasiones necessar And with provisione 
also that my neirrest folk and blood friends on the father and mother 



1 64 1 -4.] SIR THOMAS CROMBIE'S ENDOWMENT. 2$! 

syd or of my name or of degree descendand ather in consanguinitie 
or affinitie salbe preferrit and haue richt befor any other person 
to the saids bursaris place benefit and prowisioun therof and to sae 
monie of tham as sail hapin to walk at all occasioftes but any ques- 
tione stop or impediment to be maid proponit or alledgit in the 
contrair * 

Be thir presentis and ane vthir copie and double therof both writtin 
and subscriuit be me now in my health nawayes being seik or infirme 
and ane doubill giwin and deliuerit be me to the trust and keeping of 
Mr Patrik Chalmer shireff clerk of Abd and the third doubill now in 
my oune custodie or to be deliuerit be me to the trust of some vthir 
freind I haue subscriuit the same at Kemnay the fyft day of Julj the jeir 
of god J^vj'^ fourtie ane 3eirs Before witnessis Mr John Seattoune 
minister at Kemnay Alex"" Simsone notar publict and Alex"" Downie 
my serwitour 

[Et sic sub"] Tho Crombie of Kemnay 

Maister Jon Seattoune minister at Kemnay witnes to the sub- 
scription of the Laird of Kemnay the fyft day of Julij 
Jmyjc fourtie ane 3eirs 

Alex"" Simsone nottar publict witnes thairto 

Alexander Downie witnes thairto 

From a copy of the Testament Testamentar entered in the Town 
Council Register^ Vol. li., p. 557. A codicil of date 22nd Feb- 
ruary, 1643, follows; then another of 5th March, 1644; and a 
third of same date in the following terms : — t 

Forder eftir due consideratione and resolution with myselff off my 
moneys and meines quherbe both my wyff and sisters ar sufficientlie 
helpit and prowydit I find me bund in conscience to provyd assigne 
and mortiefie Lykas I doe heirby presentlie mortifie assigne and 
dispone for the help and provisioun of ane sufficient minister to 
the colledge gray frier kirk off new Abd The principall sowme of ten 
thousand merkes dew to me be the earl of Findlatour conforme to 

* Here follow bequests to the Hospital and poor of Edinburgh, the Merchants' 
Hospital, Craftsmen's Hospital and poor of Aberdeen, and the Hospital and poor of Old 
Aberdeen ; also to the testator's widow, sisters, and other relatives. 

+ Another copy of a portion of the above extract is entered in the " Buik of Register ". 



252 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

his band To remane in stock and the anvelrent and profeit theroff 
to be 3earlie gewin imployit and vsit for the stipend and provision 
of the minister and to that effect allanerlie Lykas I nominat and 
apoint the Provest baillies and counsell of Abd for the tyme 
Patrones theroff as thei will answer to god Wreittin and subscriuit be 
me at Ed'^ the said fyft day off March J'^vj*^ fourtie and four 3eirs 

[Et sic sub"^] T Crombie of Kemnay * 

* The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to this Mortification is as 

follows : — 

" Charge of the moneyis mortified be the Laird of Kemnay to the Prinll and regentis in 
Marishallis College and aucht bursars thr the quhilk wes left be Kemnay to be 
20,000 merkis Bot in respect the lands wer sold wnder the value that the Laird of 
Kemnay estimat them to Thairfoir at Vitsonday 1650 the towne receavit no 
moir of the sd moneyis of thair pairt bot only 11,034 lib quhilk most be devydit 
in just two halffis the ane halff falls to the Principall and regentis and the wther 
halff to the bursars qrof 11,000 lib wes giuin out upowne the wodsett of Foveranes 
lands at 5 lib for ilk c merks and the wther 34 lib is in the Mr of Hospitalls hand 

Charge of the ane halff of the moneyis qlk falls to the Prin'' and regentis to be 
distribut amongis them according to the Counsells pleasour 
Imprimis the comptar chargis himselff w' the sowme of fyve thousand and 
fyve hundreth pundis as the halff of the sowme of elewin thousand 
pundis of Kemnays moneyis qlk is givin to the Laird of Foverane 
wpone the wadset of his lands at Witsonday for peyment of five 
punds for the hundreth merks W6 5500 o o 

Item wt the half of the sowme of threttie four pundis of the said moneyis 
qlk is restand be the hospitall qrof haveing received ane band of ane 
thousand punds by the Laird of Foverane grantit to him at Wit- 
sonday 1650 qrof the said soume is ane pt 17 o o 
Summa of the charge is fyve thousand fyve hundreth and sevintein punds 

Discharge of this half of the sd moneyis. 
Imprimis the comptar ocht to be dischargit of fyve thousand and fyve 

hundred punds qlk on the wadset of the Laird of Foveranes landis lib 55°° ° o 
Item of the sowme of seventein pundis restand be Mr Alexr Forbes Mr of 

hospitall because the samen is unpayit be him as yit 17 o o 

Item of the sowme of tuelff punds sex pennies qlk falls to this mortifica- 

tioun as the quarter of fourtie aucht punds tua shillingis givin out 

for consulting securities of Foverane and Teachmurie and for 

going to tak saising and to the notar for his paines 12 o 6 

Item of four pund ten shillingis as the half of nyn punds peyit for regraing 

tua sasines 4 10 o 

Item of four punds seven shillings as the halff of aucht punds fourtein sh 

payit out to Mr Rob' Petrie for consulting Kemnays legacies 470 



164I.] SIR THOMAS CROMBIE'S ENDOWMENT. 253 

Item of four punds seixtein shillings as the halff of nyne punds luelff sh 
payit out be Bailzie Jaffray for seiking the reg"re for inhibions 
contra Foverane 4 16 o 

Item of the sovvme of four punds tua shillings sex pennies as the halff of 
aucht punds fyve shillingis given to Alex^ Murray notar wpone 
his supplica°ne 426 

Summa of the discharge is fyve thousand fyve hundreth fourtie sex punds sextein shillingis 
The charge being fyve thousand fyve hundreth and sevintein punds 

Sua rests to the comptar tuentie nyne punds ten shillingis 

Charge of the v/ther halff of elewin thousand threttie four punds mortified to aucht 
bursaris within the New College of Abd 

Imprimis the comptar chargis himselff wt the sowme of fyve thousand and 
fyve hundreth pundis as the halff of the soume of elewin thousand 
punds of Kemnayis money quhilk givin to the Laird of Foverane 
wpone the wadset of his lands at Wits, next for peyment of fyve 
pund for the hundreth merks yeirly lib 5500 o o 

Item w' the halff of threttie four punds money of the saidis moneyis qlk is 
restand be the Mr of hospitall qi'off he receavit band from the 
Laird of Foverane on ane thousand pundes at Wits 1650 17 o o 



Summa of this charge is fyve thousand fyve hundreth and sevintein punds 

Discharge of the said money. 

Imprimis the comptar ocht to be dischargit of the sowme of fyve thousand 

fyve hundred pounds restand on the wadset of Foveranes lands lib 5500 o o 

Item of the sowme of seventein punds restand be M^ Alex"" Forbes M^ of 

hospitall and his successores 17 o o 

Item of the sowme of tuelff punds sex pennies money as the quarter 
of the sowme of fourtie aucht punds tua shillings payit be him 
for consulting Foverane and Teachmuries securities taking of the 
saising and to the notar for his paines 12 o 6 

Item of four pounds ten shillings as the half of nyne punds payit for 

regrating tua saisings 4 10 o 

Item of four pund sevin shillings as the halff of aucht pund fourtein sh 

payit be him to Mr Rot Petrie for consulting Kemnayis legacie 470 

Item of four sextein shillingis payit to Bailie Jaffray for seiking the 

reg"re for inhibitiones and saisingis contra Foverane 4 16 o 

Item of four pund tua shilling as the halff of aucht pund fyve shillingis 

givin to Alexr Murray notar for his paines wpone his supplicatioun 426 



Summa of this discharge is fyve thousand fyve hundreth fourtie sex pundis sextein schillingis 
The charge being fyve thousand fyve hundreth and sevintein punds 

Sua rests to the Comptar tuentie nyne punds ten shillings " 

— Burgh Mortification Accounts, 1649-50. 



254 



MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. 



[1641. 



The lands of Murtle were purchased by the Master of Mortifications for behoof of 
this fund in 1758, and were feued in the following year. At the Union of the Uni- 
versities in i860 the Accounts stood thus: — 



"17 



Sir Thomas Crombie's to 
the Principal and Four 
Teaching Professors of 
Marischal College 
18. Sir Thomas Crombie's to 
Eight Bursars 



Balce 
1859. 



Revenue. Expend"* 



Balce 
i860. 



13 19 4 



61 15 
88 6 



61 15 5 



Stock. 



1490 3 I 



88 8 8 13 6 8 2508 19 10" 
— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

Under the Provisional Order of 1881, the Crombie bursaries are in future to be 
eight in number of ;^i5 each per annum. 

The money destined to augment the salary of the minister of the Grey Friars' Kirk 
formed part of the sum invested in the lands of Torry (supra, p. 141). 



164I.] CHARLES I.'S CHARTER. 255 

XLII. 

King Charlem I. unites the Colleges of Old and New Aberdeen into one University^ 
endowing the same with the revenues of the abolished bishopric of Aberdeen. 
?>th November, 1641. 

Carolus Dei gratia Magne Britannie Francie et Hibernie Rex 
fideique defensor Omnibus probis hominibus suis ad quos presentes 
Htere pervenerint Salutem Sciatis quia nos considerantes statum 
episcopatuum et beneficiorum eorundem per leges et acta Parliamenti 
huius regni nostri Scotie abolitum et suppressum esse atque ideo 
fructus et redditus eisdem spectantes in manus nostras et ad nostram 
donationem cessisse Et nos e pia et religiosa nostra indole statuentes 
tantam portionem reddituum dictorum Episcopatuum et beneficiorum 
eorundem quanta auxiliandis et supplendis Universitatibus et Acca- 
demijs seu Collegijs intra antiquum hoc regnum nostrum (que sunt 
seminaria pietatis et religionis) necessaria videbitur applicare Man- 
davimus quibusdam ex nobilitate alijsque perlustrare et inquirere de 
presenti statu vniversitatis veteris Aberdonie et nostre Accademie 
eiusdem nee non nove Accademie Aberdonensis Accademie Maris- 
challane nuncupate Et quod eis imposterum suppeditandis et auxili- 
andis expediret Qui inquisitione habita eandem ad nos renunciarunt 
per quam compertum est quod preter et vltra presentes redditus 
eorundem competens sustentatio professoribus et fundatis personis 
Vniversitatis et Accademiarum predictarum respective in moderata 
via extendet ad summam quingentarum librarum monete sterline aut 
eocirca Quas quidem Accademias nobis benigne visum est in certa 
mensura supplere disponendo et mortificando eisdem integros fructus 
et reditus nuper Episcopatus de Aberdene modo subsequenti Igitur 
Nos cum avisamento et consensu predilectorum nostrorum consan- 
guineorum et conciliariorum Joannis Comitis de Loudon Domini 
Tarrin3eane et Mauchlin supremi nostri Cancellarij hujus regni nostri 
Archibaldi Marchionis de Argyll Comitis de Kintyre Domini Campbell 
et L'orne Gulielmi Comitis de Glencairne Domini Kilmaweris Joannis 
Comitis de Lindsay Domini Parbroath ac dilecti nostri conciliarij 
Domini Jacobi Carmichaell de eodera militis nostri Thesaurarij 
deputati nostrorum Commissionariorum pro Thesaurario nee non 



256 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

cum avisamento et consensu reliquorum Dominorum nostri Scacarij 
dicti regni nostri Vnivimus et ereximus tenoreque presentium 
vnimus et erigimus dictas Accademias veteris et nove Aberdonie In 
UNAM Vniversitatem omni tempore futuro Vniversitatem Caroli 
Regis de Abirdene nuncupandam Et dedimus concessimus fun- 
davimus mortificavimus et disposuimus tenoreque presentium damus 
concedimus fundamus mortificamus et disponimus dicte Vniversitati 
veteris Aberdonie de dictis Accademijs veteris et nove Aberdonie 
consistenti nunc in junctam Vniversitatem unitis Ac Principalibus 
Professoribus Regentibus alijsque membris dicte juncte Vniversitatis 
secundum distributionem seu divisionem subscriptam viz Binas 
partes ad vsum dicte veteris Accademie et vnam tertiam partem ad 
vsum dicte nove Accademie Omnes et singulas feudifirme census 
feudifirme firmas canas custumas aliosque census et devorias terrarum 
Baroniarum aliorumque subscriptorum perprius ad dictum nuper Epis- 
copatum de Aberdene spectantes viz feudifirme census feudifirme 
firmas canas custumas annuos redditus aliasque devorias et census 
terrarum et Barronie de Aberdene et terrarum et baroniarum de 
Murthhill Fetterneir Clett Tillienessell Daviott Raine et Birss 
omnes jacentium infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Aberdene Necnon 
terrarum et baronie de Fordyce jacentium infra vicecomitatum nostrum 
de Bamff et terrarum et baronie de Mortlache jacentium infra dictum 
nostrum vicecomitatum de Bamff ac acrarum terrarum veteris 
ville de Aberdene omniumque aliarum terrarum tenementorum 
domorum aliorumque quorumcunque que ad dictum nuper Episco- 
patum de Aberdene perprius pertinuerunt unacum feudifirme 
firmis feudifirme devorijs alijsque devorijs omnium et quarumcun- 
que salmonum piscariarum et retium lie nettis super aquas de Die 
et Don ad dictum Episcopatum spectantium Vna etiam cum omnibus 
et singulis decimis garbalibus Rectorie et Vicarie Ecclesiarum 
de St. Maucher et St. Nicolas omniumque aliarum Ecclesiarum 
et parochiarum que ad dictum Episcopatum pertinuerunt Ac cum 
decimis omnium et singularum salmonum piscariarum aliarumque 
piscariarum in dictis aquis de Die et Don vel in Mare seu 
quibusvis alijs locis ubicunque que perprius ad dictum Episcopatum 
pertinuerunt una cum omnibus alijs fructibus decimis Ecclesijs red- 
ditibus et alijs quibuscunque ^d dictum Episcopatum temporalitatem 



1 64 1.] CHARLES I.'S CHARTER. 257 

vel spiritualitatem eiusdem provisis vel in quorum possessione nuper 
Episcopi de Aberdene eorumque predecessores aliquo tempore preterite 
fuerunt Cum plena potestate dictis Principalibus Professoribus Re- 
gentibus alijsque membris Vniversitatis predicte nunc presentibus 
eorumque successoribus omni tempore futuro per seipsos eorumque 
communem factorem et commissionarium aliosve eorum nominibus 
levandi recipiendi et intromittendi omnes et singulas dictas feudifirme 
census feudifirme firmas canas custumas aliasque devorias predictarum 
terrarum Baroniarum salmonum piscariarum aliarumque prescrip- 
tarum cum pertinentiis Nee non omnes et singulas decimas deci- 
marumque devorias respective supra specificatas secundum divisionem 
prescriptam viz Binas partes earundem ad dictam veterem Acca- 
demiam et Unam tertiam partem earundem ad dictam novam Acca- 
demiam idque de croppa et anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo 
quadragesimo primo et annuatim et terminatim in futurum ad terminos 
solutionis earundem solitos et consuetos Ac si opus fuerit convocandi 
citandi et prosequendi pro predictis feudifirme firmis decimis alijsque 
prescriptis coram quocunque judice seu quibuscunque judicibus 
idoneis vt congruit et omnia jura dictarum terrarum decimarum 
aliorumque predictorum super clausulis irritantibus earundem vel 
super quovis alio fundamento de jure competenti vt congruit reducendi 
et annullandi Nee non assedationes dictarum decimarum locandi quae 
perprius in assedatione solite fuerunt locari cum expirabunt asse- 
dationes que adhuc stant minime expirate idque pro solutione esti- 
matarum decimarum et valoris earundem proque nulla minore asse- 
dationis devoria annuatim prout nos declaramus omnes assedationes 
cujusvis partis dictarum reddituum decimarum aliarumque predictarum 
nunc dicte Universitatis fundatarum et mortificatarum pro minore 
divoria quam iusto valore et estimatione earundem locandas ipso facto 
fore nullas et nullius valoris vie exceptionis seu replicationis absque vlla 
declaratura inde sequenti Et vt valor et estimate decime Ecclesiarum 
et parochiarum predictarum dicte Vniversitati mortificatarum melius 
dignoscantur Idcirco nos volumus et ordinamus dictos Principales 
Professores et Regentes dicte Vniversitatis causari decimas dictarum 
Ecclesiarum estimari in quantum hactenus estimate non sunt coram 
Commissionarijs per nos cum consensu Statuum constitutis vel con- 
stituendis etiamque eos ordinamus providere et provided curare 

KK 



258 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

mortificata constantia stipendia ministris cure apud dictas Ecclesias 
inservientibus secundum Acta eatenus confecta vel conficienda idque 
e decimis parochiarum suarum duntaxat Nee non volumus et ordi- 
namus quod dicte feudifirme census feudifirmarie decime aliaque pre- 
dicta distribuentur inter singulos Magistros Principales Professores 
Regentes aliasque fundatas personas et membra dicte Vniversitatis 
ac utriusque Accademie ejusdem nunc in juncta Vniversitate vt dictum 
est unite viz Bine partes earundem ad dictam veterem Accademiam 
et tertia pars earundem ad dictam novam Accademiam idque intuitu 
Commissionariorum et perlustratorum per nos et successores nostros 
dicte Vniversitati et Accademijs eiusdem respectiue predictis 
invisendorum constitutorum et constituendorum Et volumus et 
ordinamus literas nostras cornuationis et namationis per dominos 
nostri consilij et sessionis in favorem et ad instantiam dictorum 
Principalium Professorum et Regentium dicte Vniversitatis et Ac- 
cademiarum eiusdem respectiue antedictarum nunc presentium vel 
futurorum dirigi contra omnes et singulos feudifirmarios tenentes 
assedatarios aliosque quoscunque obnoxios solutioni dicte feudifirme 
firmarum firmarum decimarum divoriarum aliorumque antedictorum 
idque de dictis croppa et anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo 
quadragesimo primo ac annuatim et terminatim in futuris Et quia 
dicta Vniversitas veteris Aberdonie et nostra Accademia eiusdem pro 
present! est in aere alieno ac necessitatem reparationis habet in 
tecto plumbis tignis solijs alijsque locis eiusdem et sufficienti Librario 
caret Ideo per presentia providetur quod iusta tertia pars inte- 
grorum dictorum fructuum reddituum aliorumque prescriptorum nunc 
dicte Universitati vt dictum est mortificatorum cum integro beneficio 
omnium vacantium officiorum aut qui vacari contigerint extra dictam 
Accademiam (Humanista excepto) annuatim post datam presentium 
levabitur et applicabitur pro liberatione dicte Vniversitatis e aere 
alieno ac pro reparatione dicte veteris Accademie in tecto plumbis 
tignis solijs alijsque locis necessariis eiusdem ac pro provisione eidem 
competentis librarij semper et donee fabrica dicte Accademie integre 
reparetur e aere alieno liberetur et competent! librario suppleatur vt 
dictum est Omnimodo declaratur quod presentia concessa sunt 
cum exceptione et reservatione Magistro Jacobo Sandielandis Com- 
missario de Aberdene ac nuper clerico Synodi generalis Summe 



\ 



1 64 1.] CHARLES I.'S CHARTER. 259 

duarum mille ducentarum et quinquaginta trium librarum huius 
nostri regni Scotie ipsi per nuper Archiepiscopos et Episcopos dicti 
regni nostri debite et hoc illi persolvende de primis ac promptioribus 
feudifirme firmis feudifirmarijs alijsque redditibus praedictis ad dictum 
Episcopatum de Aberdene spectantibus de croppis et annis Domini 
millesimo sexcentesimo quadragesimo primo et quadragesimo secundo 
secundum signaturam desuper concessam cujus onus proportionaliter 
incumbet super dictam veterem Accademiam Aberdonie pro bina 
parte eiusdem et super dictam novam Accademiam de Aberdene pro 
tertia parte eiusdem Acetiam providetur et declaratur quod mortifi- 
catio presens nostra subjecta erit tenori Acti nostri Scacarij desuper 
confecti de data decimo quinto die mensis Januarij Anno Domini 
millesimo sexcentesimo quadragesimo secundo In cujus rei testi- 
monium presentibus magnum sigillum nostrum apponi precepimus 
Apud Hallyrudhous octavo die mensis Novembris Anno Domini 
millesimo sexcentesimo quadragesimo primo et anno regni nostri 
decimo septimo Written to the Seal decimo octavo Februarii 1642 

[Sic subscribitur] Scotistarvett 

From the original Charter in Mar. Coll. Charter Room ("Foundation 
Charters," No. 9). The deed is endorsed " Aberdeine the 20 May 
1656 Producit be M"" John Rowe Principal of the old coUedge of 
Abd and Minut takine and recordit in the books of Excheq'' conforme 
to the seuerall acts thairanent By me W. Purves Cls.".* 

* The subjoined extracts illustrate the granting of King Charles' charter. 

I. 

Lord Loudoune intimates the intention of King Charles I. to grant supply to 
Universities. 15th July, 1641. 

" 4. Becaus the colledges and wniversities are the seminaries of learneing And that 
they may be ]?e more able to breid men in ]?e way of knowledge and vertu fitt for the 
service of church and state His Matie intendis to grant some supplie to them out of the 
rentis of the late Beshopis And for Jje government of ]>e church That all materis 
ecclesiasticall shall be judgit by ])e Generall Assemblies and other subordinat assemblies 
of Jje church " 

From The Acts of the Parliament of Scotland, Vol. v., Reissue (1870), p. 310. 

XL 
" OvERTOURS concerning ]?e wniversities and Colledges of this kingdome To be 
represented be the generall assemblie To J)e kingis matie and parlia' 

" First becaus the good estate both of the kirk and commone wealth dependetb 



260 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

XLUa. 
Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

The king, being disposed to apply part of the revenues of the abolished 
bishoprics and benefices towards the maintenance of universities and colleges, 
has appointed commissioners to enquire into the present state of the University 
of Old Aberdeen and the King's College thereof, and of the College of New 
Aberdeen called Marischal College, who report that a yearly grant of ;^5oo 
sterling is requisite for the support of these colleges. The king therefore 
unites the Colleges of Old and New Aberdeen into one University, to be 
called in all time to come King Charles' University of Aberdeen ; and 
mortifies thereto, in the proportion of two-thirds to the old college and 
one-third to the new, all the revenues of the late bishopric of Aberdeen, 
viz. : the feu mails, feu fermes, cains, customs, and other rents and duties 
of the lands and barony of Aberdeen, and of the lands and baronies of 
Murthill, Fetterneir, Clett, Tillienessell, Daviot, Raine, and Birss, in Aberdeen- 
shire, and of Fordyce and Mortlach in Banffshire, and of the acres of Old 
Aberdeen, and of other lands, houses, &c., belonging to the bishopric ; the 
feu mails, feu duties and other duties of the salmon fishings on Dee and 



mainlie ffrom the flourishing of wniversities and colledges as ^pt seminaries of both 
Qlk cannot be expected vnles ]7e poore meanes qlk they have be helped and sufficient 
revenues be provydit for them and the same weill imployed Thairfoire that out of the 
rents of prelacies collegiate or chapter kirkes or siclyk a sufficient maintenance be provydit 
for a competent number of professors Teachers and bursars In all faculties especiallie in 
divinitie and for wpholding repairing and inlairging J?e fabrik of the colledges furneshing 
of libraries and siclyk good vses in everie wniversitie and colledge 

" NiXT for keiping of good order preveining and removeing of abusses and promoveing 
of pietie and learning It is very neidfull and expedient that there be a communioun and 
correspondence keipit betuixt all the wniversities and colledges And thairfoire that it be 
ordained that Jjr be a melting ones everie yeire at sic tymes and places as salbe agriet 
wpon of commissionars from everie wniversitie and colledge To consult and determine 
wpon Jjr commone effaires and qtsoever may concerne Y^ ^°^ ^^ ^"'^ abowe specifeit and 
wha also or some of thair number may represent what salbe neidfull and expedient for 
))e same effect to parliats and generall assemblies. 

•• Item that speciall cair be had that ]7e places of )?e professors especially of 
divinity in everie wniversitie and colledge be filled w' Jje ablest men and best affected 
to }?e reformatione and order of this kirk." 

From the Minutes of the Proceedings in Parliament on 20th August, 1641. Acts, 
Vol. v., p. 646. 



l64I.] CHARLES I.'S CHARTER. 36t 

Don ; the parsonage and vicarage teinds of the kirks of St. Machar and St. 
Nicholas and other kirks belonging to the bishopric ; the teinds of the salmon 
and other fishings in Dee and Don, or elsewhere, belonging to the bishopric ; 
and all other items of the temporality or spirituality of the same : with power 
to the Principals, Professors, &c., or their common factor, to intromit with 
the foresaids in the usual manner, and to give tacks of teinds previously on 
tack, for tack duties not less than valued teinds : With directions to value 
teinds hitherto unvalued, and to pay stipends to the ministers of parish kirks 
from the teinds of their own parishes : The foresaids to be distributed among 
the several masters, &c., of the said University and Colleges thereof, in the 
proportion assigned above. And because the College of Old Aberdeen is 
in need of repair, and has no sufficient library, one-third of its share (with all 
vacant stipends in the College, except that of the Humanist) to be applied for 
these purposes till the College be fully restored and furnished with a competent 
library. All under reservation to Mr. James Sandilands, Commissar of Aberdeen, 
of ;^2 253 Scots, to be paid to him from the readiest feu mails, &c., of crops 
1 64 1 and 1642 — the burden to be divided in above proportion between the 
two colleges. All to be subject to terms of Act of Exchequer thereanent of 
date 15th Jan., 1642. Dated at Holyroodhouse, 8th November, 1641 ; and 
written to the Seal on i8th February following. 



XLIII. 

The Scots Parliament ratify King Charles^ charter uniting the Colleges of 
Aberdeen. I'jth November, 1641. 

Our Soverane Lord and Estates of Parliament considering 
That forsameekle As it hes pleased his sacred Ma''*" out of his royal! 
zeale and fatheriie affectioune To the grouth and increase of religioune 
within this his Maties ancient and native kingdome be his signato"" of 
mortificatione Daited Jje aucht day of November instant to vnit and 
erect the tuo colledgis of Abirdeene viz The old colledge Yoi And the 
nev^ callit Mershelles colledge in ane joynt vniversitie To be callit 
in all tyme-comeing king Charles vniversitie And to found mortifie 
and dispone to ]>e saidis colledges And to Jje principalles professoures 
regentes and other memberes of the said vniversitie and colledgis 
J?'of the haill fewmailles few^fermes teyndes and other rentes that 
perteyned of before to Jje late Beshoprike of Abirdene Temporalitie 



262 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [164I. 

and spirituality therof as fallowes viz Tuo pairtes J?'of to ]>e s'^ old 
colledge And ane third pairt to Jje said new colledge To be distribute 
amonge ]>e professoures and foundit persones of the said vniversitie 
be his Maties coiiiissioneres and visitoures appoynted or to be ap- 
poynted for that effect In maner at lenth specified in the said 
Signato*" Thairfore his Matie and Estates of parliament Ratifies 
approves and confirmes J?e foirsaid Signatour and mortificatione with 
J?e charto"" appoynted to fallow therwpoun In all and sindrie heedis 
articles and circumstances therof And willis and grantes and for his 
Matie and his successoures with consent of ])e estates of parliament 
decernes and ordeanes this pnt confirmatione To be alse sufficient 
and effectuall to ]?e prin'^es professoures regentes and other memberes 
of the said joynt vniversitie now present and ther successoures in 
tymecomeing As if )?e foirsaid signatour T; charto"" of mortificatione 
foUoweing Jj'^vpoun wer word be word insert heerine Quhairanent and 
with all that may fallowe therwpoun his Matie and estates of parliat 
dispenss for evir And farder his Matie and estates of Parliament 
hes dissolved and be thir pntes dissolves All and sindrie J?e fewmailles 
fewfermes teyndis teynd dueties and otheres mentionat in )?e said 
signatour from his Maties croune and Patrimony therof and fra Ipe 
Beshoprike of Abirdene and fra all other benefices whatsoevir 
wherunto the samene were annexit of before and suppresses And 
extinguishes the name and memorie of the said Beshoprike of 
Abirdene in all tymecomeing To )?e effect ]?e foirsaidis few 
mailles few fermes teyndis teynd dueties and otheres foirsaidis 
That belonged to J^e said laite Beshoprike of befor May remaine 
with )?e prin"^ professoures regentes and other members of J?e 
said joynt vniversitie of Abirdene callit king Charles vniversitie 
As ane testimony of his Maties favour perpetuallie in all tyme- 
comeing Exceptand alwayes furth of thir presentes The teyndis 
personage and viccarage of J?e kirke of S' nicolas with the right of 
patronage of the said kirk Done in favoures of the Proveist baillies 
and counsell of the burghe of Abirdene and ther successoures To J^e 
quhilke the said mortificatione nor thir pntes shall nowayis be extendit 
reserveing also to J?e Erie mershall and his successoures his right 
of presentatio of J?e principall and regentes of ]?e said colledge 
merschell and other rightes and priviledges perteaneing to him and 



I64I.] CHARLES I.'S CHARTER. 263 

his predicessoures be J?e first fundacon and erectione of the said 
Colledge 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland^ Vol. v., Reissue (1870), 
p. 475, cap. 228.* 



* Appended is a letter from the King anent the division of the grant : — 
*' Our soueraigne Lord Considering that it hes pleased his sacred maiestie out of his 
plus dispositioune and princelie cair to literatour and religioune to dispone and mortifie to 
the universitie of Aberdene the old and new colledgis theroff the haill rents and reveneus 
of the Bischoprik of Aberdene to be devydit betuixt the said tua colledgis be the com- 
missioners and visitors appoynted and to be appoynted be his maiestie as foUowis viz the 
tua pairts of the rents of the said bischoprik to the said old colledge called the Kings 
colledge and the thrid part theroff to the said new colledge called Marschalls colledge 
Therfor his maiestie ordenis ane letter of commissione to be maid under the quarter seill 
in deu forme givand and grantand full power warrand and commissione to thame or any of 
thame to compeir in the said old colledge kirk of Auld Aberdene with pouer to thame to 
continue thair melting for the space of days and thair to devyd in the equall tua parts 
and thrid parts the haill rents of the Bischoprik of Aberdene and to appoynt quhat tua 
part and particular localitie of the samin sail appertein to the said old colledge and quhat 
thrid part and particular localitie of the samin sail appertein to the said new colledge 
The quhilk divisione being maid and the particular localitie sua appoynted each colledge 
part as said is shall accres to the former rents of the said tua several colledges and togidder 
with the former rents of the samin shall be collected ingathered and dispensed be the 
collectors and procurators of the said tua colledges as said is respective and sail be 
administrat according to the rules set doune in thair severall originall and authentik 
fundations as lykways that they consider and tak notice of the stipends and provisione of 
the principall professors and remanent masters of the said tua colledgis and out of the 
haill former rents of the said colledges and mortifications quhatsomever maid to the said 
colledge or any member of the samin as also out of this present mortificatione of the 
rents of the bischoprik of Aberdene that they appoynt set doune and determine to the 
said principal professors and remanent maisters of the said old colledge and to the 
principall and regents of the said new colledge ane sufficient honest and competent yeirlie 
stipend and that according to the proportione and rait of stipend appoynted to each 
professor maister and member of the said colledges in thair severall originall fundations 
in sua far as they shall think expedient and that they ordein the superplus of the rents 
of the said bischoprik to be imployed upon the reparatione of the edifices of the said 
colledges and mainteining of scollers in the samin or vther necessar wses as sail be thocht 
be thame expedient The quhilk divisione being sua maid be the visiters forsaid salbe 
ane sufficient warrand to the Lords of Sessione to derect lettres of horning and executorialls 
necessar as the instance of the collectors and procurators of the said colledges for thair 
awin parts as said is without any furder of Exchequer or seills Becaus the principal morti- 
ficatione is confirmed in parliament past in exchequer and the great seill is appendit 
therto Givin at our Court at Holyruidhous the day of Januar 1641 yeirs" 

(Transcript of letter in King's College Charter Room, Old Shuttle, xli,, No. 10.) 



264 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1642. 

XLIV. 

T?ie Town Council grant four hundred merks for repair of the College^ and 
introduce the teaching of Hebrew. 2 ^rd November, 1642. 

The said day the Provest BailHes and counsell gives and grants 
the soume of four hundreth merks money for supplie of the work of 
the colledge of this burgh and to help to repair the same Lykeas 
they ordaine Walter Cochrane dean of gild to deburss the said soume 
to George Men3eis present M"" of the said work quhilk soume sail be 
allowit to the dean of gild in his comptis 

The same day the Provest Baillies and counsell thinks it meit 
and expedient that ane Ebro lesson be teachit weiklie in the col- 
ledge of this burgh till Lambmes nixt and ordaines Patrik leslie 
provest and doctor Patrik dune principall of the said colledge to deal 
with Mr Johne Row ane of the tounes ministers for that effect 

From the Toivn Council Register, Vol. Hi., p. 77i.t 

XLV. 

The Town Council introduce the teaching of Arithmetic. 2\st December, 1642. 

The said day the counsell ordanes Mr Robert moreson to set cau- 
tion for his continuance with his charge in teaching the principalis 
of arithmetik within the colledge of this burgh till michaelmis nixt 
and that he shall be ane ordinar hearer of all publict lessons and 
shall not mak defection from the religion presentlie profest 

From the To^vn Council Register, Vol. lii., p. 774. 



• Cf. note on p. 233. 

+ A further notice of Mr. Row is found in the Minute for 29th September, 1643 : — 
" The said day the counsell considering the paines takin be Mr John Row in teaching 
the Hebrew tongue and for setting furth ane Hebrew Dictionar and dedicating the same 
to the counsell Ordaines Thomas Burnet thesaurar to deliuer to the said Mr John Row 
for his paines four hundreth merks scots money quhilk sail be allowit to him in his compts " 
(T. C. R., lii. 801). 



1644.] KING CHARLES' DONATION. 265 

XLVI. 

The Scots Parliament ratify King Charles' donation of the Bishops^ Rents to 
the Universities. 2 yd July, 1644. 

The Estates of parliament presentlie conveind by virtew of the 
last act of ]?e last parliament haldine be his Matie and thrie estates 
in Anno 1641 yeares Considdering that by ]?e Tuentie third act of 
his Maties secund parliament holdine in Ed"" ]?e ellevinth day of 
Junij the yeir of God 1640 yeeres Intituled In favo^es of these who 
hold the lands of Archbeshopes Beshopes and otheres memberes of 
the Chapteres (q^'by in respect they knew not to whom they should 
pay there yeirly fewdewtyes and other fewdewtyes w* they were 
bund to pay of before To Jjc said Archbeshopes Beshopes and 
otheres memberes of ther Chapteres now abolished out of this Churche 
and kingdome) fund and declaired That these who by ther infeft- 
ments Takes and otheris rights are oblidged in pay' of few and 
take dewties are obleidged in fulfilling of anie other condi°nes To Jjc 
saidis Archbeshopes [Bishops] Archdeanes Deanes or other persones 
members of the Chapteris now abolished as said is should not be 
in Mora for not payment of Jje saides Dewties and not fullfilling of 
J?e other conditiones of ther rightes And that ]?e clauss irritant of 
there infeftments Takes and other rightes should not militate aganes 
them nor 3it the certificatione of J^e act of parliament for not pay- 
ment of )7e saides Dewties and not fulfilling of J?e saides other clauss 
Dureing J^e intervall of tyme From the first of Aprile 1638 nor ther- 
eftir in tymecomeing while order wer takine by the estates of parlia- 
ment anent J^e way and maner of payt of the saids few and other 
Dewties notwithstanding of the Clauss irritant conteined in ther 
infeftmentes Takes and other rightes in maner at lenth specified in 
the said act And now sieing it hath pleased his sacred Matie out 
of his princely caire and favo'' to give and mortifie certane of these 
Archbeshoprickes Beshoprikes pryories personages and other benefices 
To )?e wniversities of St. Androwes Glasgow Aberdene Toune and 
maisteres ]?>'of and to ]?e wniversitie and Toune of Ed' in maner 
specified in the several Gifts and mortificationes made and granted 
to them theranent And that for J?e bettir mentinance of J?e maisteris 

LL 



266 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1648. 

profesSrf and other memberes of the saides wniversities and colledges 
and of the said burghe and ministers thereof For J^e furtherance of 
Learneing and pietie thereine And so it is now noto''lie knowne to 
whom these who held ther landes teyndes and others foirsaides of 
J?e saides Archbeshopes and otheres now abolyshed as said is are 
Lyable in payment Therefore and for the bettire and more reddy 
payment of Jje saides few-dewties Teynd dewties take dewties and 
otheres foirsaides The estates of parliament Declaires ]>e foir^ act 
to be expyred and to be voyde and null from this tyme forth in all 
tyme comeing And that in so farre as concernes Ipe saides wni- 
versities and burghes rextiue abovenamed To the effect that all 
such persones as were Lyable in payment of before to J?e saides 
Archbeshopes Beshopes Deanes persones and other memberes of ther ■ 
chapteres now abolished as said is shall and may be now lyable in 
payment to J^e saides wniversities and memberes therof And burghes 
and ministeres therof rextiue foirsaid conforme to there severall 
giftes and mortificationes of the samene And that in J?e same forme 
and maner as they wer Lyable of before to ]?e saides Archbeshops 
Beshops and otheres beneficed persones befor there abolishing as 
said is 

From T^e Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. vi., Reissue (1870), 
Pt. i., p. 196, cap. 192. 

XLVIL 

John Strachan, Minister of Bishoptoime in Sussex, hy his latter will and 
testament, bequeaths the residue of his estate to Marischal College. iZth 
September, 1648.* 

Be it Kend to all men be thir presenttis We Doctor James 
Leslie principall of the Colledge Marischall in Aberdein master 
Robert Patersone master George Peacock master John Farquhar 
and master John Patton regents of the said colledge Forsuameikle 
as the deceist master John Strachan late minister of Bishoptoune in 

• " Laudanda etiam est pietas, M. Johannis Strachani, Verhi Divini apud Anglos 
Ministri, qui etsi diu apud Exteros versatus, Natalis tamen Soli memor, modicam pecuniae 
summam Nostras donavit Bibliothecae," — Smith's Oratio, p. 27. 



1648.] JOHN ^TRACHAN'S ENDOWMENT. 267 

Sussex by his Letter will and testament of the dait the auchteint 
day of September J'^vj'^ fourtie aucht yeirs wherin Alexander 
Alexander late baillie of Aberdein is sole executer nominat and 
confirmit conforme to the confirmatione of the said testament at 
Westminster wpon the fourteint day of Julij J'"vj*= feftie four yeirs 
did leave and bequeath the rest of his meines and estate attour 
the legacies mentioned in his said testament to be bestowit wpon 
pious usses in Ingland and new colledge of Aberdein in Scotland 
by the discretione of the said Alexander Alexander whom he did 
nominat his executer and of the deceist master John Alexander his 
brother oversier of his said will And the said Alexander Alexander 
executer forsaid having made compt and reckoning to us of the 
haill superplus of the estate of the said defunct And the said 
defunct his particular legacies and charges of his funerall and 
debursments at law in his affairs and other charges being deduceit 
Ther is fund no more remayneing in his hands of the said defuncts 
estate any maner of way intromellit with be him but the soume of 
fourscoir ten punds scots money To which soume for better accom- 
plishment of the defuncts will he hath addit ten punds scots monie 
of his owne meines And hath made up ane hundred punds monie 
forsaid in the haill And which soume of ane hundred punds he 
hath instantlie payit in to us to be imployed upon reall sowertie 
in all tyme comeing the best way we shall think fitt as is efter- 
mentioned And the annual rent therof from witsonday last bypast 
to be made furthcumand and imployed be us yeirlie for buying of 
divinitie and philosophic books be equall proportions for the comone vse 
of students in the said brughe and colledge particularlie of the name 
of Strachan Gray or Alexander Which books is to remayne within 
the bibliothick in the said colledge And are to be markit and dis- 
tinguished wpon the backs therof by M"* Jo. Strachan in golden 
letters as being the fittest vse and end to which the said Alex"" 
Alexander executer forsaid could appoynt the rent of the said soume 
to be imployit The same being so small and inconsiderable And 
with all for better keeping of the saids books and distinguishing 
therof There is to be made wp in the said bibliothick ane press and 
roume for keeping the same from tyme to tyme as they shall happin 
to accress and be inlarged And the said Alexander Alexander executer 



268 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1648. 

forsaid and his airs maill and thair airs lineallie ar to have power in 
the moneth of Junij ance ilk sevin yeirs to call us and our successors 
in our respectiue offices to ane accompt how the annualrent of the 
said soume is imployit wpon books as aforsaid to be markit and 
placeit as is above exprest Off the which soume of ane hundreth 
punds monie forsaid we hold us weel content satisfied and payit 
Renunceing all exceptions And therfor for us and our successors 
in our respectiue offices be thir presenttis exoners and discharges 
the said Alexander Alexander executer forsaid his airs executers 
and successors of the same for now and ever And of all and what- 
sumever we can ask clame or crave from him as executer forsaid 
be vertue of the said testament Wheranent he and his forsaids 
and all others the airs and executers of the said defunct shall 
remayne quyte and frie in all tyme comeing Oblidging us and our 
forsaids to uphaud the forsaid discharge at all hands And for 
better improvment of the said soume and annualrent therof and 
making the same furthcumand for the effect above exprest We bind 
and oblidge us and our forsaids to secure the said haill soume payit 
to us as aforsaid as is above exprest and to imploy the annualrent 
therof yeirlie in tyme comeing for buying divinitie and philosophic 
books and to place the saids books in ane pres by themselves and to 
mark the same wpon the back therof as is above written And to give 
ane accompt to the said Alexander Alexander and his airs maill and 
his airs lineallie in the month of Junij ance each sevin yeirs of the 
faithfull improvement of the rent of the said moneys for the forsaid 
effect As also we grant us to have received from the said Alexander 
Alexander as executer forsaid ane band of threttie pund starline 
money restand be the deceist maister John Cruickshank somtyme of 
Covent gairdin Londone clerk to him as executor forsaid whilk band 
he did severall yeirs agoe assigne to the said Doctor James Leslie and 
therfore in cace it shall happin we should recover the said soume 
from the airs executers or administrators in law of the said deceist 
master John Cruickshank Then and in that cace we bind and oblidge 
us and our forsaids to pay in the said soume to him and his airs 
executors and assigneys (all charges to be debursit theranent being de- 
duceit) That the said soume may be imployed and mortified be him 
or his forsaids for such ane pious wse within the said colledge as 



1650.] HUMANiTY CLASS. ifip 

he or they should think fitt As also grants us to have receaved 
from the said Alexander Alexander executor forsaid ane assignatione 
to ane other desperat band of tuentie four pund sterline resting be 
on Thomas Wall of Bishopestoune in the Countie of Sussex Clerk to 
the said master John Cruickshank and assigned be the said master 
Johne to the said master Arthur Forbes attorney and doer for the 
said Alexander Alexander in all thes effairs the principall band of the 
said tuentie pund sterling being as yet in the hands of master 
Charles Murray of which is in his custodie among the 

rest of the said Master Arthur Forbes his papers And we consent 
to the registration hereof in the books of Councell and Sessione or 
any other Judges books competent within this kingdome thairin to 
remayne for ever and if neid bees that letters and executorialls may 
be direct theiron wpon six days And constitutes 
our lauchfull procurators and be thir presents written be William Rosse 
writer in Aberdein subscriuit with our hands at the said Colledge 
Marischall the sexteint day of Junij J'"vj'= thrie scoire sextein yeirs 
before witnessis John Dauidsone vnder porter in the said colledge 
and Alex'' Bruce writer in the said Brught inserter of the witnes names 

[Sic subscr] J Leslie Principall 
Al. Bruce witnes Robt. Paterson Regent and Bibliothecar 

John Dauidsone witnes Jo. Farquhar Regent 

Jo. Pattoun Regent 

From the original Deed of Discharge in the Town House Charter 
Room (Bundle 1670-79): registered in the Baillie Court 23rd 
December, 1679. 

XLVIII. 

The Principal and Regents revive the Office of Humanist (in abeyance since 
1624),* assigning therefor portions of their own stipends. October, 1650. 

Nota. When thee Colledge aggreed for Mr John Forbes to 
teach the humanitie class Octob. 1650 the condescendence was that 
hee shuld haue off set stipend yearly two hundreth merks But thee 
nixt year at the downsitting of thee Colledge October '51 the fowr 

* Supra, p. 186. 



270 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [165O. 

Regents condescended among themselves to add therwnto another 
hundreth merks to mak three hundreth merks in all for they alloted 
to him thee meall off thee yeards in thee green which is fowr scor 
off merks yearly and was twentie merk to ewry Regent for which 
fowr scor of merks which I [Robert Forbes common procurator] 
did submitt with for that effect I haue cownted for thee former year 
and for thee other twentie merks off thee hundreth ewry Regent was 
to pay proportionably five merks evrie on 

Not Mair That Octob. '52 thee principall and regents did 
condescend to giwe Mr John Forbes yet a mor competent stipend 
and for that effect alloted to him the wholl annueties and few 
duityes to mak up ane stipend of fowr hundreth merks And 
therfor I must cownt now for thee whol few duityes and annueties 
receaved this year being thee first year that they wer alloted for 
this use but first Not : Moreover that Octob. '53 when the old 
town Colledge wer in sute of Mr John Forbes to be ther humanist 
wee did further ingage ourselfs to mak wp wntoe him ane compleit 
stipend of five hundreth merks yearly 

From College Accounts of 1652-53 in Vol. 1642-83.* 

* John Forbes appears to have held office for several years ; but in 1661 he is 
Humanist at King's College. In Session i66o-6i George Whyte is Humanist at Marischal 
College. Thereafter the office seems to have again fallen into abeyance until in 1826 
a lecturer on Humanity was appointed by the Faculty. 

The following is from the Town Council Register, liii. 372. : — 

Feb. 9, 1653. 

" The said day anent the supplicatioun given in to the counsell be the maisteris and 
memberis of the New Colledge of Abirdein makand mentioun That thrie yeires sine they 
erectit ane humanitie class for making youth moir perfyt in the Latin tongue who intendit 
to be studentis in the said colledge and at this tym the kirk besyd them wes to be 
imployit and they haueing no wther place for the said imployment did desyr the maister 
of the said class to teach his schollaris and keip them all the day long thairin since thair 
ar not chalmeris in the said colledge to be spairit for them quhilk he hes done hitherto sine 
his entrie quhill of lait within this ten or tuelff dayis the maister of kirkwark hes takin 
the key of the kirk dor from ws and lockit all the dores sua that they haue no accommo- 
datioun for that class nether for ringing the bell to publict professiones Thairfoir [their] 
humble desyr wes that the counsell wold be pleasit (since they haue sum wther imployment 
for the said church) to let them haue the vse of the yll quhilk wes neirest adjacent to 
the said colledge and to devyd the samen from the bodie of the said church that the 
said class may be keipit togidder and taught and that the church receave no detrement 
by thair abed thair In respect that thir few deayis they hev heid mutch adoe to keep 



1650.] HUMANITY CLASS. 27 1 

them togidder as in the said supplicatioun at mair lenth is content Quhilk supplicatioun 
being opinlie red in Counsel! and they therewith being ryplie and at lenth advysit grantit 
the vse of the said yll for the vse of the said humanitie class during the counsellis 
pleasour allanerlie and ordanit the yll to be devydit from the church be ane tirles wall 
at the back of the dask als far distant from the daskis as the saidis daskis may be frie 
at the owersight of the maister of work and the maister of work to expend the charges 
and the supplicantis obleissis to mantein the said yll and glass window in the samen in 
the lyk caice as samen sail be at thair entrie except the ruiff syleing and wallis of the 
said yll quich the toun ar to mantein with the rest of the kirkis and ane dor to be maid 
in the wall for goeing throughe to ring the bell and temper the cloak the principal! and 
regentis being alwayis answerable for the key that non goe through bot the porter that 
ringis the bell and temperis the cloak and that the kirk suffer no preiudice thairby 

[Signed] Mr Wm Moir 

Mr Ro Forbess 
Mr A Cant 

A Birnie 
Mr T Forbes 
Mr A Quhyt" 



ajPt MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1653. 

XLIX. 

Dr. Alexander Ross, by his latter rvill and testament, bequeaths to the Council, 
inter alia, the sum of £,200 sterling, for the maintenance of two bursars 
{intimated in a letter from his Brother William Ross to the Magistrates). 
21st February, 1653.* 

Honored Sirs ; Nature doeth so obleidge me that I can not 
schow too much respect to the place wher I suck't my first breath 
But rather endeavor to performe what duetie I owe to my native 
soyle Especiallie in regaird of this occasione I execute the will of 
my deceist brother for which I have stayed heere purposlie from 
goeing to my intended journay to France vntill I saw the sattis- 
faction of what you sould have to be setled according to the testa- 
ment of my said brother deceased And as your vnited togither as 
worthie magistrats of so famous and noble a citie So I mak no 
doubt but your caire will be much for the setling of the same to 
be furthcumeing and standing as by precedent of others in the same 
nature for which I have heere set doun the verie words of the Testa- 
ment as yow have desyred in your letter to me That is I bequeath 
to the Senat of Aberdeine tua hundreth pounds sterling money to 
remayne for ever towards the mantenance of tua poore schollars by 
the use of the said money which tua poore schoollars sail be borne 
in the toune and instructed in the grammer schooll of that toun and 
then advanced to ther new colledge Who after they have atteined 
to ther degree of master of airt They sail give place to vther tua 

* "Academiae nostrae Benefactoribus annumerari meruit, Alexander Rosse, S. Thco- 
logiae Doctor; qui doctrinS et scriptis, non majus apud Nostrates, quam Exteros inclaruit; 
patrimonii, optimis, apud Anglos artibus comparati ; partem piis in Patria destinavit usi- 
bus ; et praeter mille et octingentas mercas, Ptochodochio Abredonensi donatas ; duobus 
in Academia hac, Philosophiae studiosis, ter mille et sexcentas mercas erogavit : A nobis 
etsi loco dissitus, animi tamen affectu conjunctissimus " (Smith's Oratio, p. 27). 

This voluminous writer is immortalised in the couplet of Htidibras : — 

" There was an ancient sage philosopher 

That had read Alexander Ross over ". 

Some account of his life, and of his upwards of thirty works, will be found in Chambers' 

Scottish Biography and in Bruce's Eminent Men of Aberdeen, 1841. The date of the will 

is given by Chambers from Sibbald's MSS. 

The arms attributed to Dr. Ross on the Heraldic Ceiling were, Or, a chevron between 
three water bougets sable. So on the " broad ". The bougets pertain to the Kilravock Rosses. 



l6S3-] ALEXANDER ROSS' BURSARIES. 273 

schollars which sail be chosen by the magistrats abouesaid Item 
I bequeathe to the said Senate fiftie pounds sterling money to con- 
tinue for ever towards the maintenance of tua poore men in ther 
hospitall by the vse of the said money 

These are the verie words signified in the will And if leasure 
could have permitted I would have sent you a copie of the wholl 
But thinking this would suffise I onlie set some vther particulars 
My deceas'd Brother hath ordayned also to the vniversities of Oxfoord 
and Cambridg South-hamptone and the I'le of Wight He hath 
left to the vniversities ther liberaries Oxfoord and Cambrige Fiftie 
Pounds Sterling a peice To the toune of Southhamptoune fiftie 
pounds to remayne for ever that the vse therof may be yeerlie 
payed for the mantenance of the schoolmaster Item to the same 
toune and corporatione fiftie pounds more to remayne for ewer that 
the vse thereof may be payed yeerlie to the poore housholders of al 
Saints parisch on Chist tide eve the 24 of December And that a 
Sermone of this text be preached by the minister of the parisch 
that same day Blessed be the poore in spirit for which he shall have 
los out of the said vse money My Brother hath left to diverse of 
his freinds in Legacies to the number of 60 or 80 pounds to some 
tuentie pounds to vthers threittie pounds to some ten to vthers fyve 
to some less to some more So it is that ther is a greatt deall to 
be givin Amongst others he hes given to my Cusigne Marione Rose 
of Aberdeine fiftie pounds Sterling her husband's name is Thomas 
Mitchell to whome I have written diverse tymes of purpose to send 
me her acquittance and I sail give order to pay her but cannot 
heere from her although I have written to Master Robert Paitrie 
for the same effect for schee is to blame in being so neglectfull for 
I'me verie cairfull of hir and would have hir payed speedilie Thus 
farr I thought good to informe you of the particular the generall 
whereof I did schow at large the whole Will and Testament to 
some of your Colledge who was heere in toune this last summer 
One of thes was named Mr Meinzies and vther as I remember, was 
named Master Jaffray Nevertheless I wisch some speedie course 
may be takin in tyme for the payment and setling the same for 
which I haue stay'd a long tyme heere and now is to goe suddenlie 
into France Therfore I'll entreat you all most honored Sirs to 

MM 



274 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1653. 

appoynt some honest and sufficient man in quhom you may confide 
to receave that which my brother hath left And that it may be 
punctuallie laid out for the same vse for now 'tis high tymye the 
yeere is almost expyred which is at the latter ende of Februar or 
the beginning of March The Gentleman's name who is joyn'd 
executor with my Brother George and me is Maister Andrew 
Henlye of Bramshille esqueir hee's a man of vaste estaite whose 
house is the greatest in England named Bramshill house distant 
from Londoune westward neere Hartfoorbrige threttie myles His 
father remaynes heere in Londoune harde by syde Tempill barre 
So that if I sould not be in toune when anie commissione comes 
frome you Your commissioner sail either finde him heere or at his 
house at Bramshill which is the best notice I can inform yow Hee's 
a verie wittie subtile man and as warrie as hee's riche So that those 
that's to deall with him hath neede to be circumspect and wise 
He hath purposed with me when I haue beene earnest for to dis- 
patch this bussiness of Aberdein to haue sufficient securitie of landed 
men to be responsall for the tua hundreth and feftie punds For 
which I wrote to Mr Robert Petrie Making no doubt but that hee's 
acquainted yow therewith long ere now As for the forme of the 
discharge or acquittance of the soume that's to be receaived Those 
that doeth receave the same may give that to our contentment The 
payment of those moneys is in the powar of this gentleman Mr Henlye 
who can doe nothing without ws and wee without him My Brother 
George now being in Holland I'me for him and myself both So that 
there's none but M"" Henlye and me for the present and hath beene 
all this whill bygone But if I goe as I intende to France then hee 
to be all alone This is the full ansueire in particular of your letter 
Wishing I had as much powar as good will to doe that service as 
I would to the toune and Magistrats of Aberdeine Assureing you all 
that thers none that evir was borne in that toune that's more affec- 
tionat everie way for the honor weell and prosperity of Aberdene then 
he who is most Honored Sirs Your verie loveing freind and humble 
Servant So subscryves W Ros 

From a Copy entered in The Book of the Mortificationes of the burgh off 
aberdein^ Vol. i., p. 78.* 

• See an " Act and commissioun be the Counsell to John forbes for receaving at 



I653-] 



ALEXANDER ROSS' BURSARIES. 



275 



Londoun 250 [sic] lib sterlin left be Dor Ross " of date 8th October, 1656, in the Town 
Council Register, liii. 505. 

The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to Dr. Ross' Mortification is as 
follows:— 

" Charge of the moneys mortified be Doctor Alexr Ross Doctor of Divinitie which wes 
tuo hundredth pound sterlin left be him in legacie in anno 165 yeirs to the toune 
of Abd for mantenance of tuo bursers in the new coUedg of the said burghe 
Imprimis the compter charges himselff with the sowme of tuo thousand and 
four hundredth punds Scotts money which wes the moneys left be 
the sd Doctor Ross and receavit befor Mertimes 1656 2400 o o 

Item with ane hundreth fourtie four poundis Scotts as ane yeirs annvell of 
^the sds moneys qch wes peyit be the executors of the sd deceast 
Dr Ross togidder with the sowme 144 o o 

Summa of the charge is tuo thousand fyve hundreth fourtie four pund 

Discharge. 

Imprimis the compter discharges himself of tuo thousand and four hundreth 
pund restand be John Forbes as Principall and Dr Leslie as caur 
conforme to thr band of the dait the aucht of Octor 1656 bearing 
the sowme of thrie thousand punds whereof the sd sowme of tuo 
thousand and four hundreth pund is ane part which band is in 
the name of Gilbert Hervie elder nevertheles the samen belongs 
to this mortificaon and to the hospitall and the sd band bears 
annuell to Mert 56 wherwith my successor is to be chargit 

Item with the sowme of thretie-tuo pund fourtien sh fyve d for expenss 
that falls to this mortificaon given out be John Forbes in obtain- 
ing payment of the forsd legacie 

Item to William Thomsoun student be order of the Counsell 

Item with ten punds to the clerk for his paines in this mortifica°un 



2400 



32 


14 


5 


30 








10 









Summa of the discharge is 
The charge being 



tuo thousand fyve hundreth thrie scor 

tuelff pund fourtein sh fyve d 

tuo thousand fyve hundreth fourtie four lib 



So rests payable be the Compter thrie scor eleven pund fyve sh sevin d" 



— Burgh Mortification Accounts, 1656-57. 
At the Union of the Universities in i860 the Account stood thus :— 





Balce 


Revenue 


Expendre 


Balce 


" 15. Dr. Alexander Ross', to two 


1859. 






i860 


bursars (Tov/n's bairns) 










at Grammar School and 










College 


3 6 I 


14 9 II 


8 II 8 


9 4 4 



Stock 



429 4 4 



— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

Under the Provisional Order of 1881, there will in future be one Ross bursar re- 
ceiving ;^2o per annum. 



i7^ MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1654. 



TAe Lord Protector confirms the grant to the University of Aberdeen of the 
revenues of the late Bishopric, and adds a further endowment of 200 
merks sterling annually from the Customs of Aberdeen. Sth August, 
1654. 

His Highnes the Lord Protector taking into consideration the 
great Advantage which may redound to the People of this Common- 
wealth, inhabiting in Scotland, That the Universities there should 
receive both Countenance and Encouragement, and be provided for 
with Competent Maintenance for the members of the said Universities, 
for the better training up of Youth in Piety and good Literature ; 
Doth Ordain, and be it Ordained by his Highness by and with the 
consent of his Council,* . . . that the Superiorities of the 
Lands belonging to the late Bishoprick of Aberdeen, that is to say, 
The Superiorities of the Lands of Aberdeen, formerly called the 
Barony of Aberdeen, of the Lands of Murthil, Fetterner, Clet, Tal- 
lienessel, Daviot, Reine, and Birse, all lying within the Sheriffedome of 
Aberdeen ; As also the lands of Fordice and Murtlawh, lying within 
the Sheriffedome of Bamff, together with the Superiority of the Acres 
of Old-Aberdeen, and of all other Lands, Tenements, Houses, with 
the Appurtenances formerly belonging to the said Bishoprick of 
Aberdeen, the Few-Farms, Few-Duties, Kains, Customs, Casualties, 
Teinds, Parsonage and Vicarage, Teind-Duties, and all other Duties 
of the Lands, Churches, and Parishes aforesaid ; together with all 
other Duties of the Church of Maucher and Nicholas, and of all 
other Kirks and Parishes which formerly belonged to the said 
Bishoprick; together with the Tenths of the Salmon-Fishing, and 
other Fishings upon the Waters of Dee and Don, or on the Sea, or 
any other places formerly belonging to the said Bishoprick, together 
with the whole Fruits, Teinds, Church-Rents, and other Duties any 
way belonging to the Temporality or Spirituality of the said Bishoprick 
be given, granted, doted, and mortified to the said University of 
Aberdeen, the Principals, Professors, Regents, and remanent Members 
thereof, and their Successors for ever, in manner following, that is to 

• The part relative to the University of Glasgow is printed in Munimenta Universi' 
tatis Glasguensis, Vol. i., p. 321. 



1 654-] CROMWELL'S GRANT. * 2/7 

say, To the College of Old Aberdeen Two parts in Three to be divided, 
And to the College of New-Aberdeen One third part in Three to be 
divided, with power to the Principals, Professors, Regents, and 
Remanent Members of the said University according to their Pro- 
portion and Division, aforesaid, present, and to come, and to their 
Successoris for ever, to receive Resignations, enter the Few-holders, 
Tenants, and all others, formerly called Vassals, of the said Bishoprick 
Lands, and other the premises, by Charters of Resignation, Confir- 
mation, or otherwise, to compound, transact, and agree about the 
Fines and Compositions due for the same, and to receive and take 
up the same. And to do all and every other act and thing therein 
that any Superior or Over-Lord in Scotland may do to their 
Few-holders, Tenants, and all others commonly called Vassals, 
according to Law in such Cases. And in respect of the Incompe- 
tency of the Maintenance of the Masters, Professors, and other the 
Members of the said University, and especially of the said Colledge 
of New-Aberdeen, Be it Ordained by the Authority aforesaid. That 
the sum of two hundred Marks sterling by the year, out of the first 
and readiest of the Customes of Aberdeen, shall be from henceforth 
paid unto the Principals, Professors, and other the members of the 
said University, and their Successors for ever, or to such person and 
persons as they shall from time to time appoint, to be paid Quarterly 
by even and equall portions, to be imployed for the Augmentation of 
the Provisions and maintenance of the Principals, Professors, Regents, 
and Remanent Members of the said University of Aberdeen, in 
manner following (that is to say), two parts thereof, to the said 
Colledge of New-Aberdeen ; And the other third part to the Colledge 
of Old Aberdeen ; And that the Collectors and Receivers of the said 
Customes for the time being, shall pay the same accordingly ; 
Provided always, That the Principals of either of the said Colledges 
shall have twice as much added to their Provisions out of the said 
Augmentation or yearly sum, as is added to the Provision of other 
Professors and Members of the respective Colledges ; The first 
payment to be made at or on the first day of December next, and 
so from thenceforth quarterly . . . 
Passed the Eighth of August 1654 

Henry Scobell 

CI. of the Councel 



279 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6SS. 

Wednesday, lyth October, 1655. 

At His Highnesses Council in Edinburgh, Ordered, That this 
Declaration and Ordinance be forthwith Printed and Published 

Emanuel Downing 

CI. of the Council 

From T/ie Acts of tlu Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. vi., Reissue (1872), 
Part ii., p. 831.* 

LI. 

The Commissioners of Customs for Scotland authorise the Collector of the Customs 
for Aberdeen to pay to the University the sums granted by the Ordinance of Sth 
August ; 2nd September, 1654 : and the Privy Council confirm the grant ; 
2^rd February, i655[-6]. 

I. 

By the Comission" of the Customes for Scotland 

Whereas His Highnesse the Lord Prote(^tor of the Comonwealth 
of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions thervnto 
belonginge by an Ordinance entituled an Ordinance for the better 
support of the Vniversities in Scotland and encouradgement of 
publique preachers there hath enacted & ordeyned that for the 
better encouradgement of Students in the Vniversityes of Aberdeene 
that the summe of two hundred Marks sterlinge by the yeare out 
of the first and readyest of the Customes of Aberdene shall bee from 
henceforth payd vnto the Principalis professors and other the 
members of the sayd Vniversityes of Aberdeene and theyr successors 
for ever or to such person or persons as they shall from time to 
time appoint to be payd quarterlie by even and equal portions 
to bee employed for the Augmentation of the provissions and 
maintenance of the principallis professors Regents and remanent 
members of the sayd Vniversitie off Aberdeene in manner followinge 
that is to saye two third parts theroff to the Colledge of New 
Aberdeene and the other part to the Colledge of ould Aberdeene 
and that the Collectors and Recevers of the said Customes for the 
time beinge shall paye the same accordinglye the first payment 

• See Minutes of July 26, August 3, 4, 8, in same volume, pp. 755-6. 



1654.] CROMWELL'S GRANT. 2/9 

to be made at or vppon the first daye of December next ensueinge 
the date hereof and soe from thenceforth quarterlye by even and 
equall portions 

By vertue of which Ordinance wee doe hereby give power and 
Authoritye to you and doe hereby Require you from time to 
time (out of the first and readyest of the monyes you shall Receave 
for the Customes at Aberdeene) to paye or cause to bee payd to 
the Principalis professors and Regents of the Vniversitye of Aber- 
deene and theyr successors or to such person or persons as they 
shall appoint to Receave the same the yearlye summe of two 
hundred Marks sterlinge wherof two third parts to the Principall 
professors and Regents of the Colledge of New Aberdeene and the 
other third part to the Principall professors and Regents of the 
Colledge of ould Aberdeene and theyr successors or to such person 
or persons as they shall appoint to Receave the same by quarterlye 
payments to bee by them employed as in the sayd ordinance is 
provided wheroff the first payment to be made att or vppon the 
first day of December next ensueinge the date hereof and soe 
quarterlie in even and equall portions provided always that from 
time to time you take a Receipt of the Principalis professors and 
Regents of the sayd Vniversitie (or of such person or persons as 
they shall appoint to Receaue the same) for all such summe or 
summes of monye as you shall paye to them by vertue of this 
order And for your soe doeing this with theyr Receipts shall be 
your sufficient warrant. Given vnder our hands att Leith the 2nd 
of September 1654 

[Signed] Joh Syler 

Ro Saltonstall 

To The Collecto' of the Customes 
for Aberdeene and that precinct 

From the original in the King's CoU. Charter Room, Old Shuttle xli., 
No. 15 (2). 

II. 

Att the humble desire of m*^ John Menzies in name and behalfe 
of the Vniversity of Aberdeene by Petition to the Councell They 
find thJit by an Ordinance of his highnes and Councell passed in 



28o MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1663. 

the moneth of August 1654 There is two hundred markes Sterling 
yearly setled for euer on the Vnivirsity of Aberdeene out of the 
Customes of that Port which is to be paid quarterly to the vse of the 
said Vniversity Think fitt and doe hereby order that the Collector 
of the Customes at the said Port doe from tyme to tyme quarterly pay 
vnto the Principalis of the said Vniversity or such other person or 
persons as shalbe authorized to receiue it for the vse of the said 
Vnivirsity the Summe of thirtie three pounds sixe shillings eight pence 
making two hundred markes Sterling yearly as aforesaid Taking acquit- 
tances for the same which shalbe sufficient discharges not only to 
him for payment thereof but alsoe to the Commissioners for Customes 
from tyme to tyme who are authorized vpon taking in those acquit- 
tances to giue allowance of the moneyes soe paid vpon the said 
Collectors accompts from tyme to tyme as aforesaid Giuen at 
Edinburgh the twentie seauenth day of February 165I. 

[Signed] Em. Downinge 

CI. of the Councill 

From the original in the Kings Coll. Charter Room, Old Shuttle xli,, 
No. 16. 

LII. 

Dr. William Guild of Miltoun of Murthill mortifies to the Master of Hospital, 
&'c,, of the Crafts of Aberdeen the sujn of five thousand merks, or a house in 
the Cast legate, for the maintenance of three craftsmen^ s sons as Bursars ; 15//% 
September, 1655: and his representatives elect to tnortify the house; ()th 
February, 1663.* 

I. 

Be it kend to all men be thir presentts me D"" W" Guild of 
Miltoun of Murthill out of the charitable disposition I have to the 
poore and in obedience to the Lords precepts i Tim. 6, 17 and 
Heb. 13, 16 To bound and obleiged to the M*^ Hospitall Deacon Conviner 
of the Crafts of Aberdeene for the time & remainent Deacons Lykas 
I be these presents obleiges me & my airis allanarlie to them to 
pay to them the soume of fyve thousand marks Scots money at 

• See footnote, p. 224. 



I655-] WILLIAM guild's bursaries. 281 

the next terme after my deceis for the vse aftermentioned That 
is to say for the intertaining of thrie poore boyes that ar Craftsmens 
sonnes as bursers in the new Colledge of Aberdeine that ar of good 
Ingynes & able for the said Colledge & either have not parents 
to putt them to the Colledge or whose parents ar poore & knowne 
to be unable to mantain them therat But if it shall please my airis 
rather to denude themselves of the heritable right that I haue of my 
forehouse in the Castellgate wherein I dwell and brewhouse with 
rowmes aboue on the other syd of the closse rather than to pay the 
forenamed sowme of fyve thousand marks In that case I bind & 
obleige my saids airis to denude themselves of the said heritable 
right of the saids houses in favors of the said M"^ Hospitall Deacon 
Conveener and other Deacons for the vse forenamed & to len thair 
names to the serving themselves airis to me in the saids houses & 
to purchase themselves to be infeft therin & therafter to denude 
themselves theroff omni habili modo in favors of the forenamed & vse 
before specified wpon the forenamed thair expences out of the morti- 
fications to the trinitie hospitall the same being for the helpe of 
poore craftsmens sonnes & in this case my saids airis to be free 
of the payment of the foresaid fyve thousand marks Reserving 
alwise to my wife her lyferent of the said houses & with power 
also to my selfe during my owne lyfetime to doe or dispone theron 
as hereafter I shall think expedient And with this expresse 
provision lykewise that in caice any variance be concerning the 
bestowing of any of these burses vpon any of the forespecified I 
ordaine that the eldest minister of Abd (as most conscientious to 
see Mortificationes goe right) decide in the matter & that impartiallie 
the said benefit be bestowed out of the maills of the said houses vpon 
the vnablest in means and best qualified in gifts as they shall 
answer to God Quhich house lykwise in all tym coming (that it nor 
the maills theroff' be not perverted to any other vse) I ordaine to 
be called the bursers house & that when any of them ar lavreat they 
by writt obleig themselves for the benefit receaved when God inables 
them to adde to the mortification & that this thair writt be carefullie 
keiped in the M'^ of Hospitalls box either be itself or rather in a 
book made for that purpose who shall sett the said houses be advise 
of the said Deacon Conveener and Deacons & uptak the maills theroff 

NN 



282 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1663. 

& be conjunct with them in the patronage & election of the said 
bursers And for the more securatie consents that thir presentts be 
registrate in the Court books of Justice commissar or Shireff books 
of Abd to have the strenth of ane confessit act & Judicial! decreit 
that executorialls of poynding & horning do passe wpon a single charge 
of six days & to this effect constitute my lawfull 

procurators to consent be thir presentts written and subscriuit with my 
hand At Abd the 15 day of September J'"vj"= & feftie fyve yeirs 

[Signed] W Guild 

From the original holograph deed in the Town House Charter Room 
(Bundle 1838): registered in the Baillie Court, 21st March, 1838. 

II. 

Be it kend till all men whom it effeirs We Christine and 
Margarat Guildes sisters german and coairs to the deceist Master 
William Guild of Milnetown of Murthill doctor of divinitie with 
consent of Thomas Cushny glasser burges of Aberdeine husband 
to me the said Christine And I the said Thomas for myself and 
tackinge the burding on me for my said spous and obligeand me 
for her And we all with vniforme consent and assent Forsameikle 
as the said deceist Master William Guild be his letters of 
mortification written and subscrivit with his hand of the dait the 
fyfteint day of September J'"vj'= fiftie-fyve years mentioneing that 
out of the charitable dispositione . . . as in the said Letters of 
Mortificatione of dait forsaid at lenth is conteint And now we 
the saides Christane and Margarat Guildes sisters and coairs to the 
said deceist Master William Guild with consent of the said Thomas 
Cushny husband to me the said Christine Having rather chosen 
to denude ourselvis of the heretable richt of the said forehouss in 
the Castelgait quhairein the said deceist Master William Guild did 
dwell vnder and above with the priviledges liberties and haill 
pertinents of the same Togither with the said brewhouss or 
victual houss and roumes above on the other syd of the closs In 
favours of the said Master Hospitall Deacone Convenner and remanent 
Deacones of the crafts of Aberdeine for the vse befor mentionat 
Then to pey the said soume of fyve thousand merks Scots money 



1663.] WILLIAM guild's BURSARIES. 283 

And being willing to fuUfiU the saides Letters of Mortificatione and 
the will of the said deceist Master William Guild by denudeing 
ourselvis of the said heretable richt of the said forehouss in the 
Castelgate vnder and above with the pertinents of the same 
Together with the said brewhouss or victual houss and roumes above 
on the other syd of the closs Therefore Witt ye ws the saides 
Christane and Margarat Guildes with consent of the said Thomas 
Cushny husband to me the said Christine And I the said Thomas 
for myself and tacking the burding on me for my said spouss and 
obligeand me for her and we all with vniforme consent and assent 
have given grantit and disponit And be thir presents all with vniforme 
consent and assent frae us our airs assigneyes and successours gives 
graunts and dispones to the Master Hospitall Deacone Convenner 
of the crafts of Aberdeine and remanent Deacones therof present and 
in tyme comeing heretablie and irredeemablie bot any maner of rever- 
sione redemptione or regress for the vse befor and eftirmentionat All 
AND Haill the foreland als weill vnder as above with the pertinents 
lyand in the burghe of Aberdeine in the Castelgate and south syd 
of the same betuixt the land somtyme of William Gray and now of 

at the eist the land somtyme of Robert 
Meing3ies therefter of James Mowat and now of at the west 

the inlands of the aires of Gilbert Hervie at the south and the 
kinges comone gaitt at the north With free issue and entrie to 
the said foreland vnder and above be the foregeatt vnder the same 
and turnepycke in the closs als oft as neid beis And also All 
and Haill the said houss comonlie callit the victuall houss and 
chamber above the same without the freegait in the northe end 
of the inland somtyme of John Rolland lyand in the said burghe 
in the Castelgate vpon the south syd of the same and in the 
west syd of the closs of the tenement somtyme perteining to the 
deceist James Rolland therefter to Gilbert Hervie and now to 
his airs betuixt the brewhouse adjacent to the said inland now 
of the airs of the said Gilbert Hervie within the said freegeatt at 
the south the land somtyme of the said James Mowatt and now of 
at the north the closs of the tenement of the 
airs of William Rolland at the west and the closs of the tene- 
ment of the airs of the said deceist Gilbert Hervie at the eist 



284 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1663. 

Quhich victuall houss and chamber above the same is the house 
designit be the said deceist Master William Guild to the said 
Mortificatione the brew houss with the roumes above on the other 
syd of the closs . . . Lykeas it is heirby declarit that the said 
Master Hospitall Deacone Convenner and remanent Deacones of 
the crafts of Aberdeine shall have richt to the maills and duties 
of the saids tenements vnder and above with the pertinents from 
the nixt terme immediatly followeing the deceis of Catharine Rolland 
spouse to the said deceist Doctor William Guild ... In witnes 
quhereof (writtine be Patrick Hay servitor to Andrew Thomsone 
advocat in Aberdeine) we have subscryvit thir presents at Aberdeen 
the nynt day of Februarij ane thousand sex hundreth thrie score 
thrie yeirs Before thir witnessis Jon Scott bailie of Aberdeine Mr 
James Kennedy toun clerk thereof Thomas Ros servitor to the said 
Thomas Cushny and the said Patrick Hay 

(Signed) Christane Guild 
T Cuschney 

I Margaret Guild forsaid with my hand at the pen led be the 

notars vnderwrittin at my command becaus I canenot writ myself 

Ita est etc. 

(Signed) An Thomson N.P. 

A Dune N.P. 
John Scott witnes 
J Kennedy witnes 
Thomas Ross witnes 
P Hay witness 

From the original in the hands of Messrs. J. & G. Collie, Advocates, 
Aberdeen (I. W. 11).* 

• •• Under an authority from the Court of Session, obtained in 1884, the Trades 
disposed of the Bursars House and other property which had been subsequently purchased 
in the same locality, and the money is now otherwise invested. 

" For the first hundred years or so the rents or maills of the houses thus bequeathed 
were fully required to support the stipulated number of bursars. About 17 10, however, 
there seems to have been a scarcity of bursars, and as the bursaries were then paid in 
the shape of fees direct to the professors, these gentlemen, not unnaturally, took steps 
to have the terms of the will duly carried out. In 17 10 the principal and professors of 
Marischal College raised an action in the Court of Session against the Master of Trades 
Hospital, Deacon-Convener, and Deacons of the Crafts, to have it declared that in terms 



1663.] WILLIAM GUILD'S BURSARIES, 285 

of Dr. Guild's Mortification they shall present and maintain three bursars at the College, 
and pay the fees of the bursars at the rate of 20 merks Scots each yearly to the professors 
of the College ; that in the event of no craftsmen's sons in the town of Aberdeen being 
found qualified to enter the College, then to declare that the Master of Hospital, Convener, 
and Deacons be bound to find duly qualified bursars from some other part of Scotland, 
and have them presented ; and also to ordain them to count and reckon for the rents of 
the property mortified for the period up to the raising of the action. The professors 
maintained that in case of a bursar giving up his presentation before his time was finished, 
the Trades were bound at once to fill up the vacancy by presenting a craftsman's son ; 
and in case of their being unable to find a tradesman's son qualified for the presentation, 
then the patrons were obliged ' to present any poor boy that is qualified and unable to 
maintain himself,' a bond being taken from them or some of their friends binding them 
to refund the amount of the benefit got by them from the mortification. 

" The case having been duly heard, the Lords Of Session found that the mortifier 
(Dr. Guild) determined no preference as to the persons to be presented bursars, but 
allowed the Master of Hospital, Convener, and Trades of Aberdeen to prefer the crafts- 
men's sons within the town of Aberdeen to be bursars in the first place, when they can 
be found qualified ; and failing them they must present any other craftsmen's sons in 
Scotland. They also decided that there must be three bursars always presented. They 
refused the claims of the professors for 20 merks for each of the bursars, but ordained the 
craftsmen to fill up the vacancies at once, in terms of the Mortification. The Trades 
were also ordained to produce their books and count and reckon for the rents of the 
Bursars' House during the period when bursars were not presented. 

" After this date the fund seems to have prospered considerably. In 1837 the 
managers prepared a report for a Royal Commission, in which they state that ' the whole 
funds are not distributed, though the whole free income might be so if there should be 
claimants entitled to it. A certain fixed sum, above the average of college bursaries, has 
been set apart for each bursar for these many years, and since 1825 no applicant has been 
denied or refused a bursary. The balance of income, if any, after paying bursaries has 
been employed at current interest to form a fund for rebuilding the property, and that by 
authority of the managers. It may be proper to state here, however, that in addition to 
the bursaries enjoyed by tradesmen's sons, the managers have been in the way of giving 
premiums for merit to bursars, varying in value fi:om one to five pounds, and that such 
has been included as part of the annual expenditure.' 

" From a table prepared a few years ago by the present writer, it appears that since 
1858 £3350 has been paid in bursaries. At present the value of bursaries is £2% tenable 
for four years, and should a student qualify at the bursary competition to take one of 
the college bursaries he gets as an addition to his Trades bursary a sum equal to one- 
half of the bursary he proves himself able to take. Thus a student qualifying for, say, a 
^20 bursary would receive in all £35 as his Trades bursary. The stock of the fund, 
which has been carefully nursed for a number of years, considerable sums having been 
lent out of the other funds for the purchase of additional property without any interest 
being charged, now amounts to over ;^5ooo." (Bain's Merchant and Craft Guilds : A 
History of the Aberdeen Incorporated Trades ; Aberd., 1887, p. 163.) 



286 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1657. 

LIII. 

Robert Dun, Doctor of Medicine, mortifies his books to the College, 
^th December, 1657.* 

The said day Forsameikle as the Counsell haueing befor givin 
ordour to the magistrats to receave from Charles dune Litster 
burges of Aberdein and Margret Innes relict of the deceast Doctor 
Robert dune doctor of medicine the books mortified be the said 
deceast Doctor Robert to the colledge within this burghe And the 
samen being delyverit be the said Charles dune and Margret Innes 
and put in the Bibleothik of the said Colledge Master Robert 
downey Keeper of the said Bibliothik hes grantit the recept of the 
samen conforme to ane Inventar containeing the haill particular 
names of the samen consisting of fyve leaues whereof everie page 
is markit and subscriuit be Master James Sandelands toun clerk and 
the said Mr Robert downey and thrie copies of the samen wheroff 
on is delyverit to the counsell to be keepit be them among thair evidents 
another to the said Charles dune and the thrid to the said M"" Robert 
downey Keeper of the saids books Thairfor the counsell grants the 
recept of the saids haill books conforme to the said Inventar markit 
and subscriuit as said is And discharges the said Charles dune and 
the said Margret Innes and all others the aris executors successors 
and intrometters with the goods and gear of the said deceast doctor 
dune of the saids books containit in the said Inventar for now 
and ever 

From the Town Council Register, Vol. liii., p. 578. f 

* " Patricium comitetur Robertus Dun^us, ejusdem ex fratre Nepos, Medicina etiatn 
Doctor, Nobis peramicus et munificus ; qui Bibliothecam nostram, et Suis, et Patrui Patricii 
libris, trecentis nimirum ad minimum, voluminibus, auxit. Sicque monumentum exegit, 

Quod 

Nee potent ferrum , nee cdax abolere vetustas. 

Cernitis jam Auditores, cernitis, quantum Medieis, Medicorumque munificentiac, debeat 
Academia Marischallana ! Recolite quantum Liddelio, Cargillo, Chambcrlano, Ra'do, 
yohnstono, atque utrique Dunao debeamus ! Exulent jam maleferiatorum hominum, in 
Medicos convitia, et Religio Medici, quae antea in opprobrium, jam in imitationem abeat." 
(Smith's Oratio, p. 26,) 

Dun's armorial bearings, identical with those of his uncle, had a place in the Heraldic 
Ceiling. 

+ Dun's books, 258 in number, are inventoried in Gray's Library Catalogue (supra, 
p. 218). 



1658.] CROMWELL'S CHARTER. 287 

LIV. 

The Lord Protector grants a Charter under the great seal of Scotland con- 
firming the provisions of the Act of 1654. \%th June, 1658. 

Oliver by the grace of God Lord Protector of the Comonwalth 
of England Scotland and Ireland and domineones thereto belonging 
To ALL MEN to whose knowledge this oure present Chartour sail 
come Greetting Be it knowen that Wee by and with the consent 
of our Councell by ane act of the eight of August one thousand sex 
hundreth fiftie four yeares did Grant Mortifie and dispone To the 
Vniversitie of Aberdene and to the Principall Professors Regents and 
remanent Members therof and their successours for ever according to 
the divisione exprest in the said Act All and sundrie the Superio- 
rities lands teynds and others vnder repeitted And Wee vnder- 
standing that it is most necessarie to have the afoirsaid grant in 
there favours past vnder our great seall of Scotland that Infeftment 
and Seasing may pas therevpoun in manner vnderwrittin There- 
fore Wee with consent of the Commissioners of our Excheker have 
given granted disponed and be this our present Chartour dotted and 
mortified likeas wee be the tenour thereof Give grant dispone and for 
us and our successours perpetuallie dote and mortifie to the said Vni- 
versitie of Aberdene and to the Principall Professors Regents and 
remanent Members therof and to their successours for ever According 
to the divisione of the afoirsaid Act Viz To the Colledge of old Aber- 
dene Two pairts in thrid to be divyded And to the Colledge of New 
Aberdene one thrid pairt in thrie to be divydit All and sundrie 
the Superioritie of the lands belonging to the late Bishoprick of 
Aberdene That is to say The Superioritie of the lands of Aber- 
dene formerly called the Baronie of Aberdene Off the lands of 
Murthill Fetterneir Clett Tillienessill Daviote Rehne and Birsse 
All lyand in the Shirrefedome of Aberdene As also the lands of For- 
dyce and Murtlauch lyand within our Shirrefedome of Bamff togither 
with the Superioritie of the aikers of old Aberdene and of all other 
lands tenements & housses with the pertinents formerlie belonging to 
the late Bishoprick of Aberdene The few-fermes few-dueties kaynes 
customes casualties teynds personage and viccarage teynd-dueties 



288 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1658. 

and all other dueties of the Lands Churches and Paroches afoirsaid 
Togither with the other dueties of the Church of Machir and Sanct 
Nicolas and of all other Churches and Paroches which formerlie 
belonged to the said Bishoprick togither with the teyndes of the 
salmond-fishing and other fishinges vpoun the waters of Die and 
Don or on the sea or any other places formerlie belonging to the 
said Bishoprick Togither with the haill fruites and teythes church- 
rents and all other dueties anywise belonging to the Temporalitie or 
Spiritualitie of the said Bishoprick With power to the saids Principalis 
Professores and Regents and remanent Members of the said Vni- 
versitie present and to come and their successours for ever according 
to the divisione afoirsaid To receave Resignationes enter the Few- 
holders tennents and all others formerlie called Vassalles of the said 
Bishoprick lands and others be due chartours of Resignatione Con- 
firmatione or otherwayes To compone transact and aggrie anent the 
Fynes and Compositiones due for the same And to receive and vptak 
the same And to do all and sundrie other Acts and things therein 
that any Superiour or Over Lord in Scotland may do to the Few- 
holders tennents and all others formerlie called the Vassalles according 
to the law in such caces And lykewayes Wee have given granted 
doted mortified and be this our present Chartour disponed Lykeas wee 
be the tennour thereoff Give grant dote mortifie and for us and our 
successours with consent foirsaid perpetuallie dispone To our said Vni- 
versitie for ever The Summe of Two hundreth merks Sterling yeirlie 
To be payed quarterlie to the saids Principall Professours and other 
Members or to such as they sail appoynt Forth of the first and readiest 
of the Customes of Aberdene To be employed for augmentatione of 
the provisiones and mantenance of the saids Principall Professors 
Regents and others Members of our said Vniversitie In manner 
following To Witt Two pairts thereoff to our Colledge of New 
Aberdene And the other thrid pairt thereof to the Colledge of old 
Aberdene With provisione That the Principalis of the said Colledges 
sail have twyce as much augmentatione of the said yearlie Summe 
added to their provisiones as is added to the provisiones of the 
Professors and remanent Members of our saids Colledges Moreover 
Wee will and grant and for us and our successours decernes declairs 
and ordaine That ane Seasing now to be taken be the saids 



1658.] CROMWELL'S CHARTER. 289 

Principalis and others Members of our saids Vniversities at the 
principall gates of the same sail stand valid and be ane sufficient 
Seasing to them and there successours in all tyme comeing for the 
haill Superiorities lands teynds few-dueties and others above exprest 
without any other particular Seasing to be taken theranent Not- 
withstanding the samyne ly not contigue but in divers pairts and 
places Wheranent wee have dispenced and be this our present 
Chartour for us and our successours wee do dispence for ever And 
lykewayes wee ordaine our others letters of horning to be direct 
vpoun ane simple Charge of ten dayes against all and sundrie the 
Heritors Fewars Lyfrentars Titulars Tennents Takismen and others 
lyable in payment of the saids few-dueties rents and casualties of 
the foirsaids lands and others belonging to the said late Bishoprick 
and against our Customers of Aberdene For readie answering and 
paying the saids dueties and yearlie Summe afoirsaid ilk ane for 
there owne pairts To the saids Principall Professors Regents and 
Remanent members of our said Vniversitie of Aberdene present and 
to come According to the provisione and proportione abovewrittin 
To BE HoLDEN AND TO BE Held All and sundrie the foresaids 
Superiorities lands teynds and others generallie and speciallie above- 
writtin Off Us and our successours in fie and heritage for ever Be all 
right meithes and marches theroff old and divydit as the samyne 
lyes in lenth and breidth In housses biggings bounds feilds mures 
marrishes ways rods waters stankes burnes bruiks medowes pasturs 
leasurs mylnes multures and there sequelles halkinges huntinges 
fishinges peates turvs coills coilheughes cunyngs cunynghares dowes 
dowcattes smythes smyddies brewhousses broomes wodes forrests 
shawes of wodes tymber quarrells stane and lyme With free ish and 
entrie and with all and sundrie others liberties commodities proffites 
easments and righteous pertinents thereof whatsomever alsweill not 
named as named alsweill vnder as above the earth farr and neir be- 
longing to the Superiorities lands teynds and others particularlie above 
writtin whatsomever manner of way in tyme comeing frielie quyetlie 
fullie honourablie weill and in peace But any Revocatione contra- 
dictione impediment or obstacle whatsomever Rendering and paying 
therefore yeirlie To us and our successours The Sowme of ten shillings 
money And that for all other duetie or due service that can 

00 



290 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1658. 

anywise be requyred forth thereof Attour to our Shirreffe of Aberdene 
and his deputts and als to or any of them conjunctlie 

and severallie our Shirreffes in that pairt of our said Shirrefedome 
of Aberdene speciallie constitute Greeting Wee comand and charge 
that ye give heritable State and Seasing to the saids Principall 
Professors Regents and others Members of our said Vniversitie or to 
there certane Actornay bearrer heirof and off our Chartour abovewrittin 
Off all and sundrie the foirsaids Superiorities lands' teynds and others 
speciallie and generallie above specified lyand respective as said is 
Conforme to the tennour heirof and of our Chartour abovewrittin in' 
all poyntes without delay And this onnaewayes ye leave undone the 
whilk to do wee commit to you or any of you our Shirreffes in that 
pairt of our said Shirrefedome of Aberdene conjunctlie and severallie 
as said is our full power be thir presents and our Chartour abovewrittin 
In testimonie whereoff Wee have caused append our great seall 
to this oure present Charter of Mortificatione at Edinburgh the 
eightene day of June The yeir of our Lord ane thousand sex hundreth 
and fiftie-eight yeirs 

Writtin to the great seall the penolt day of June 1658 

[Signed] Al. Jaffray 
Presented and Sealed att Ed"^ the last of June 1658 Reed, 
ane hundreth thirty six pounds Scotts 

[Signed] An. Abernethie 

From the original in the King's Coll. Charter Room. Old Shuttle xli., 
No. 17.* 



* Sasine was taken, 22nd July, 1658, by the Principals of both Colleges in name of the 
whole members (No. 18) : recorded in the County Register on the following day. 



l6S9.] WILLIAM ROSSE'S ENDOWMENT. 29 1 

LV. 

William Rosse of Rossyle, by his last zvill and testament, bequeaths two-thirds 
of his estate to the Universities of Aberdeen to found bursaries. 25M 
January, 1659.* 

I William Rosse of Rossyle Knoweing the frailtie and un- 
certaintie of mans life And considering that my tymes are in the 
hands of the Lord my God And being now to goe out of the nation 
for a tyme may be calHt by him before returne And thairfor doe 
nominat In caice of my removeing Marie Sinclare my spous my 
sole executrix and to have for the saids office and also in place of 
joynture All and haill the rents of Drumgarland during her lyftyme 
Togither with the annuallrent of sex thousand merks Lying wpon 
Eisterhowlawes and Rowcesterrig as the samen is or shall be im- 
ployit Togither with three hundreth merks out of the readiest of my 
haill estait yeirlie during the said Marie Sinclare her widowhead and 
noe langer And after the said Marie Sinclare her deceas The 
forsaids lands and money to accress to the universaties underwrittin 
proportionablie as is underdivydit And then if my estait exceid the 
provisiones of the number underexprest Then the number to be 
augmented by the persones oversiers respective as is underdivydit And 
in the meintyme and imediatlie after my deceas the select number 
underwrittin to be appoynted and after disput and approbation 
in maner underwrittin then established . . . Mair I Leaue my 
whole real! and moveable estait except the provisions above 
exprest to the universaties of Aberdin and Glasgow Tuo pairts 
quherof to the said universatie of Aberdin and a third pairt to the 
universatie of Glasgow and that for breading and mentaineing of the 
most quick and accurat spirits of the name of Rosse who sail be 
found after disput to be most qualified of that name without respect 



* " Huic [Alexandre Ross, v. p. 272] ob nominis, et forsitan Sanguinis, cognationem 
conjungo, Gulielmum Rosse a Roseyle, qui duabus Academiis Abrcdoiiensibus, et Glasaicnsi 
amplam legavit pecuniae summam ; ab ipsius licet Haeredibus, aut nescio, quo malo fato, 
maxime imminutam et pene exhaustam." (Smith's Oratio, p. 27.) 

Some facts relative to William Rosse will be found in Deeds Instituting Bursaries, &'C., 
in the University of Glasgow," 1850, p. 54. 



292 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

of persones And that all such schollars as sail crave the benefit as 
bursiers to me in the said universatie of Aberdin shall disput befor 
the Lairds of Belnagoun Kilraick and Auchlossan the ministers of 
Aberdin new toun and old the masters of the universatie And who 
amongst the saids disputants shall have the approbation of any tuo 
or more of the forsaids Lairds and tuo or more of the forsaids ministers 
and principall of the colledge they to be preferred And ane bursier 
of philosophie to have tuo hundreth merks yeirlie and ane student 
of divinitie thrie hundreth merks yeirlie And both to indure for four 
yeires onles it please the Lord they be wtherwayes imployit In 
which caice another is to succeid And the number not to exceid 
nor be under four -students of philosophie and alse many of divinitie 
at the raits above exprest . . .* With power to the forsaids 
persones to call the executrix to ane accompt of everie particular 
(Excepting as is excepted) And also the said Lord Rosse and Laird 
of Belnagoun with the tuo principalis of the saids universaties And 
to establish some honest faithfull man to intromet with and collect 
the forsaids rent and to be comptable to the respective students 
and bursiers who shall be haldin to pay as is aboue divydit And 
becaus of his travell to Aberdin once in the yeir and also to Glasgow 
Is to haue thrie hundreth merks for his yeirlie fie or in caice the saids 
bursiers can receave it at Edinburgh Then he is to have tuo hundreth 
merks Bott it is heirby speciallie provydit that non of the forsaids 
persones shall haue power to sell dilapidat put away or burding any 
pairt of the baronie of Rossyle or wther lands Bott may improue 
the rent therof and collect the same for the ends forsaids Which 
fail3ieing or in caice of misapplying the forsaids provisiones to be 
null and of no effect As if the samen had never bein granted And 
the saids estait to redound and accress to a second brother of the 
Lord or which fail3ieing to a second brother of the Laird of Belnagoun 
or to the most active of either of them as they shall be approvin By 
the Duik of Hamiltoun Marquis of Dowglas Earle of Nithisdaill 
Earle of Queinsberrie Lord Hertfell or which of the tuo shall be 
most approvin of the greatest pairt of the forsaids honorable persones 
The same to enjoy the forsaid estait And thir provisions above- 

• For the conditions of the Glasgow Bursaries, see Deeds, &>€., p. 57. 



1659.] WILLIAM ROSSE'S ENDOWMENT. 293 

writtin to be extendit be the advyce of my Lord advocat Lockhart 
sir John Gelmour mr John Nisbit mr John Harper mr Peter Wedder- 
burne mr George Nowell mr Andrew Gilmour mr WiUiam Maxwell 
or soe many of them as shall be alyve for the tyme And this pro- 
vision and letter will to stand in full force In Testimonie quherof I 
have subscryvit thir presents with my hand at Prestoun the tuentie 
fyft day of Jarij 1659 yeares Befor thir witness mr Allexander Strang 
wrytter heirof and Patrick Hog servitor to William Austin comissar 
deput of the comissariat of Drumfreis 

Sic Subscribitur Will Ross 

Alex"^ Strang witnes 
P Hog witnes 

From a certified copy of the will in the King's Coll. Charter Room, 
Old Shuttle xxxii., No. i.* 



* In the same shuttle are several papers relative to Rosse's will : — 

Opinion of Counsel — Sir John Temple — thereanent, 2nd Sept., 1676. 
Letter, Mr, C. Gordon to his father, Professor Patrick Gordon, relative to pro- 
ceedings in London, 24th March, 167 . 
Instructions from the Masters of both Colleges of Aberdeen to Professor Patrick 
Gordon and Mr. Robert Paterson to proceed to Edinburgh and prosecute the 
legacy, 8th June, 1677. 
Contract between the Lord Ross and Francis Ross of Auchlossen on the one part 
and the Masters and Members of the Universities of Glasgow and Aberdeen on 
the other part, 27th June, 1677. [Printed at length in Glasgow Deeds, p. 55.] 
Instrument, the Masters of King's College against Messrs. Gordon and Paterson, 

i6th August, 1677. 
Three informations, the Colleges of Aberdeen against Lord Ross and Auchlossen, 

1677-8. 
Decreet by the Lords of Council and Session, at the instance of Lord Ross and 
Auchlossen, against the members of the Aberdeen Colleges, decerning them to 
implement the foresaid contract, 31st January, 1678. 
Horning following thereupon, 31st January, 1678. 

Obligation, Auchlossen to the Masters of the Aberdeen Colleges, 2nd March, 1678, 
Declaration by Auchlossen and his son anent a commission to inquire into William 
Rosse's effects in Ireland. 
A Rosse Bursary of £^ 3s. ^d. was established in the University of Glasgow in the 
patronage of the Lords Ross ; but although it is stated in 1688 {Glasgow Deeds, p. 65) that 
Auchlossen "had agreed with the Universitie of Aberdeen for there two third pairts of 
the sd Sex Thousand Merkes," yet it would seem that from some cause now unknown, 
neither King's nor Marischal College derived any benefit from the bequest. 



294 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

LVI. 

Catherine Rolland^ widow of Dr. William Guild, mortifies, inter alia, to the 
Provost, Baillies, and Council, the lands of Miltoun and Southfield of 
Murthill, and lands of Ardfork and Kilblain, for the support of bursars, 
and others. ()th December, 1659.* 

Bee it kend till all men be thir presents Me Catherin Rolland 
relict of the deceist Doctor William Guild doctor of divinity in 
Aberdeine Forsamikil as my said deceist husband befoir his deceass 
for the love and favour quhilk he caryed to me and other onerous 
causses moving him having perfect knowledg of my resolution and 
purposs to mortifie the lands and others underwrittin did by his 
letters obligators writtin and subscryvit with his hand obleiss him his 
airs executors and successors to perform any mortification I sould 
mak of the toun and lands of the miltoun of Murthell and mill 
thereof with the heid roum called the south feild belonging thereto 
and salmond fishing of the Salmound on the water of Dee with the 
houses biggings and pertinents of the samen according as I should 
happen to sett down in my letter will and to fulfil the sam to the 
pious wses whairwnto I should destinat and appoint the sam con- 
form to my will in all poynts but revocatione or again calling as the 
saids Letters Obligators of the dait the last day of Februar J'^vj'^ 
fourty nyn yeirs (reserveand to Issobel Cochrain spouse to William 
Toux burges of Aberdeen her lyfrent of the said milntoun of Murthel 

• *' Habuit et Zecharias noster Elizabetham suam ; nam non minus gratam, ac 
honorificam commemorationem meretur D. GuUclmi Guildi Conjunx optima, Kathakina 
RoLLANDA, ex antiquo et honorabili oriunda stemmate, quae cujusvis Saeculi aut Scxus, 
Virtutc et Pictate, maximos et optimos facile aequavit, et immensis suis largitionibus 
Nominis immortalitatem comparavit : Illitis etenim munificentid aluntur, Sex Philosophiae 
Studiosi : Quatuor in Schola Publica Discipuli ; Duo studiis Thcologicis initiati ; Sex pau- 
peres Viduae, totidemque pauperum Libert. O tantam pietatem ! O singularem Munifi- 
centiam, Saturnio dignam saeculo ! Cogitate auditores, quanta fuerit Katharinae Nostrae 
Sanctimonia ? Voluit Fredericus, Acadeniiae Wittebergcnsis Fundator, Katharinae, quam 
celebrant Martyrologi, memoriae dicatum diem festum ac solennem, certisque ceremoniaxum 
ac sacrorum honoribus celebrandum praescripsit : Annon igitur nos Nostrae pietatem, merita 
et virtutes, grato semper recolemus animo ? quae si aliis vixisset temporibus, aut aliam 
habuisset patriam, Divarum, baud dubium, numero fuisset ascripta." (Smith's Oratio, p. 22.) 

The Heraldic Ceiling showed for Rolland, Argent, three ships, each with as many 
masts, sails furled, and flags displayed, sable. The "broad" has no armorial bearing. 



l659-] CATHERINE HOLLAND'S BURSARIES. 295 

mill lands and others abovwrittin conforme to her infeftments thereof) 
in itself at mor lenth bears And siclyk the said Doctor William 
Guild my said deceast husband for the matrimoneall affection and 
conjugall lov quhilk he did bear towards me and divers good respects 
reasonabl causes and considerations moving him did sell annail3ie and 
dispone from him his air-s and al others his assignayes in favours 
of me my assignais and successors to be mortified and disposed wpon 
be me for pious wses for helping the aged poor or education of the 
young poore or other ways as I sould think expedient All and haill 
the Toun and Lands of Ardfork and Kilblaine with their houses 
bigings yairds tofts crofts outsets insets mosses muirs meadowes 
leasurs pairts pendicles and pertinents with the teindshaives and 
teind viccarag thereof included lying within the barrony of Meldrum 
parochine of Bethelnie and Shireffdome of Aberdeen quhilk wer 
wodset be Patrick Wrquhart of Lethinty to the said Doctor William 
Guild his airs and assignays wnder reversion and by payment or 
consignation of the soum of aucht thousand merks in maner and 
according to the order of redemption contained in the clauss of re- 
version specified in the contract past betuixt the said Patrick Wrquhart 
and my said husband theranent Quhilk is of the dait the last day of 
Apryll J'"vj<= and fourty tuo yeirs wnto the whilk contract and haill 
obleissments therein contained soumes of money therein mentionat 
clauss of reversion and other causes therein exprest and haill infeft- 
ments following therewpon I am assigned by my said deceast husband 
as his letters of disposition and assignation maid and granted by him 
to me anent the premisses of the dait the aughteent day of Jully J'"vj'= 
fyfty seven yeirs at gryt length bears And I being most willing and 
desyrous to prosecut and perform my said godly intention and purposs 
anent the making of the said mortification to the glory of god and 
to the pious wsses underwrittin to be an good exampl to others to 
doe the lyck Wit ye me therfor to hav dispon and mortifiet lykas 
be the tennor heirof I do now and ever dispone and mortifie to the 
pious and christian wsses wnderwritten All and haill the said lands 
of miltoGn of Murthell mill millands astrict multurs and sequels therof 
with houses bigings parts pendicles and pertinents of the samen as 
thei ar set down and exprest in the infeftments maid theroff to my 
deceist husband quho denudit them in my favours as is abov writtin 



296 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

lying within the parochin of Netherbanchory and shirreffdom of 
Aberdene and quhilk will extend in yearly rents in victual compting al 
at an hundreth merks the chalder overhead to thrie chalders victual 
wharof tuo chalders ar meal and on off bear And sicklyk I be thir 
presents mortifies and dispons to the wses afforsaid all and haill the 
said lands of Ardfork and Kilblaine with the houses bigings and other 
pertinents thereof abov exprest wodset to my said deceist husband 
be the said Patrik Wrquhart and disponned be him to me as is 
abovwrittin quhilk will extend in yeirly rent at present to fourty 
four bolls victual and thrie hundreth and fifty merks of money 
quhilk I estimat at an hundreth merks the chalder for the victual 
both silver and victual all over head to sex hundreth merks of yeirly 
rent and quhilk haill lands wil extend in yeirly rent to (after 
Issobel Cochrain's deceass) nyn chalders in victual and money rent 
counteing ane hundreth merks for ilk chalder victual as said is and 
to the end the said may be imployed to the pious wsses wnderwrittin 
and yeirly payed be the patrons affter nominat to the persons and wses 
as is wnder exprest I will decern and ordain that ther shal be payit 
perpetually yeirly furth of the fermes and dutyes of the forsaids haill 
lands mill millands and others particularly abovexpresst to foure 
bursers within the colledg off new Aberdene being honest decayed 
burgess of gilds sons of the said brugh quhois parents be not able to 
mantain them at the said colledge of newe Aberdene for education and 
thair wp bringing at the samen during thair courses therin to ilk ane 
of the saids four bursers ten bolls sufficient ferme meall or bear or mony 
whair the victual faills acording to the rentall of the saids lands and 
as it shal happen to giv in the country for the tym Item I decern 
and ordaine and perpetualy mortifies furth of the rent of the saids 
lands to four bursers in the grammer schooll of the said brugh being 
sicklyk honest decayed burges of gilds sons within the said brughe 
quhois parents ar wnabl to mantain them at the said gramer schooll 
to ilk ane of them seven bolls sufficient ferme meall or bear or 
money as it happens to giv in the country yeirlie enduring thair 
courss at the said gramer schooll and to the end that the saids bursers 
may be the better ordoured in receiveing their burses it is my wil 
and desyr that at their entry to the colleg and gramer school thair may 
be on of the four apointed to be bursers by me in every on of them 



I659-] CATHERINE HOLLAND'S BURSARIES. 297 

entred in cvry class both off the gramer schooll and colledg so that 
evry on may ascend wp to anothers place till their courses be 
perfyted and others put in the vacant rooms and furtheir I doe heirby 
seriously recomend to the patrons wndernominat and to ther respective 
maisters of the colledg and gramer schooll as thei will ansuer to 
god that thei giv non the benefit of the saids burses but such quho 
ar com of honest parentag as said is and ar weill enclyned in ther 
own naturs and given to learning and if any sal be put in that ar 
otherwyss disposed that they be dullie tryed and examined be the 
patrons and the maisters afforsaid and wpon the notoriety of thair 
faults to be censured ore removed acording to the discretion of thair 
patrons and maisters and othirs put in their rooms incaiss thei be 
removed Item I doe heirby expressly decern will and provyd 
that thair be four bolls victuall payit yeirly furth of the forsaid rent 
to him that is into the fourth class after his laureation if he inclyn 
to the study of divinity as also tuenty pounds money to be peyit to 
him yeirlie as is after exprest for tuo yeirs after his laureation or 
one year as thei pleass and if he sal not giv himself to the study 
of divinity then I apoint the forsaids four bolls victual and tuanty 
pounds money to be yeirly payit for tuo yeirs efter the laureatione 
to another young man quho sal atend the divinity school being 
com of honest parentag quhos necessity sail be found grytest but 
if one of my owne bursers com in in the interim and followes 
the course of divinity of the colledg as said is then the benefit of 
the saids four bollis victual and tuenty pounds money sal return to 
him at his laureation and the other only to hav the benefit thairof 
quhen it waickes in default of any of my own bursers their not 
making wse thairof and no wtherwyss Item I furder ordain and 
decerns the soume of fourty aucht pounds money to be yeirly payet 
be the patrones wndernamed to sex poor schollers that gets ther 
education at ather inglish or grammer school for nothing quhilk will be 
tuelff merks for ilk ane of them for buying them an suit of cloathes 
for the winter season thoss that ar best inclyned and most given 
to learning and com of honest people that hes not wherwith to 
help them being alwayis preferred And forsamikil as the 20 punds 
to be yeirly payed to the student of divinity and fourty aught punds to 
the sex poor schollars will extend yeirly to the soume of threescore 

PP 



298 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

aught punds thairfor to the end the same may be dullie payed I heirby 
appoint and ordain that the nixt yeirs rent immediatly after my deceass 
when it sail happen (the yeir wherein I die being noways included) 
of the haill landis of Disblair except the waster maynes Ardfork 
Kilblaine mill and millands of Murthell quhilk I estimat to sevinteine 
hundreth merks rent for that yeir sail be lifted wp and stocked in 
a sowme be the patrons wndernamed and the yeirs rent therof quhilk 
wil be thre score aught pounds to be yeirly payed to the said student 
of divinity and six poor schollars in manner abov writtin Lykas 
I heirby provyd specially that any of the neirest of my kin aither of 
the father or mother syd be absolutly preferred to the benefit of this 
my mortification and to have the yeirly benefit therof if thei sail 
desyr the samen both in the grammer school and colledg and courss 
of divinity afforsaid and fail3eing them quhosoever beis of the 
surnam of Rolland thei alwayes be preferred therto ... * Morover 
seing my said deceast husband hes left ane thousand merks to the 
poor of the parochin of King Edward whair he wes first ministerr 
and whair he and I remayned an long tyme I will that thei discharg 
the said thousand merks left to them by my said deceast husband 
and that thei have of my mortification for their help yeirly and in 
satisfaction therof for tuo bursers of the said parochin of King Edward 
being tuo honest husbandmens sons ather at the colledg or grammer 
school of Aberdeine as the patrons wnderwrittin sail think expedient 
nyn bolls sufficient ferme meall or bear acording to the rentall of 
the abovwrittin lands yeirly to ilk ane of them quhos parentis beis 
wnabl to help and mantain them at schools and if the minister and 
elders off" King Edward sal not think fitt to employ the said victual 
to tuo bursers in maner abovwrittin but that thei desyr the poor 
of the parioch rather to hav the benefit thairof then and in that 
caiss I heirby ordain and appoint that the said 18 bolls victuall 
shal be perpetually payed yeirly by the patrons wndernamed furth 
of the rent of the lands abovwrittine or money therfor at ane hundreth 
merks the chalder to the minister and elders of King Edward to be 
distributed and deliured be them to the poor off the said parioch 
acording to their necessityes as thei sail think expedient And if the 

• Here follow bequests to six widows of decayed burgesses, to Catherine Rolland the 
mortifier's niece (spouse to John Murray, burgess), and to the poor of Aberdeen. 



I6S9-] CATHERINE HOLLAND'S BURSARIES. 299 

said minister and session of Kingedward doe not imbrace the saids 
aughtein bolls victuall yeirly in satisfactione of the forsaid thousand 
merks and discharg the sam in maner abovewritten but rather 
desyr to haue the said thousand merks and persew my husbands 
or my own airs and executors therefor then I heirby mortifie and 
perpetualy Ordain the saids aughteen bolls victual to be yeirly payed 
to any person or persons quho sail be distrest and forced to pay the 
said thousand merks and that the samen sail be payed to them their 
airs assignayes and successors in perpetuum as the samen sould have 
bein payed to them ... * And to the effect the saids mortifications 
may be rightly destributed and imployed for the pious wses at length 
abovexprest and that my Will herein specified may be observed in 
all points according as the sam is herein set down I doe nominat and 
appoint the provest baillies and counsell of Aberdeine and principall of 
the colledg therof with James Rolland my brother sonne and his mail 
children and their lawfull mail posterity to be patrons of this my haill 
mortification and distributers thairof Beseiching them as thei fear 
God and sail be ansuerabl to him at the great day to have a care 
off the samen and not to suffer nor permitt the samen to be anywayes 
missimproven abused or put to any other ws or wses nor to the pious 
wsses abov set doun And the said James Rolland and his maill 
successors to hav power to present thre bursers of the saids 
aucht bursers ethir in the colledg or grammer school be him or 
his saids maill successors themselffs allon . . . t And it is 
heirby expresly provyded that seing the rents of the saids lands 
is partly victual and partly money that where the victual is 
wanting the money shall be distribut at ane hundreth merks the 
chalder And evry one of the persons in quhos favours the forsaid 
mortification is granted sail hav an equal proportion of victual and 
money acording to the proportion and quantity of the mortification 
mad to them that all of them may be equall sharers of the victuall 
and money rent acording to the rent of the land and their proportion 
as said is Lykas it is heirby expresly provyded that in caiss the 

* A bequest to the Town Clerk of Aberdeen and his successors. 

+ Disblair is disponed to James Rolland, the mortifier's nephew, and his heirs male, 
whom failing, for the upbringing of decayed burgesses' daughters : fifty merks to be invested 
for upholding tomb of mortifier and her husband. 



300 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

forsaids lands of Ardfork and Kilblain sail be redeimit and that the 
8 thousand merks money whereby thei ar redemabl after new im- 
ployment thereof sail not yeild nor make wp the yeirly rent that is 
now payed forth of the forsaids land And that thereby my said 
mortification may be diminished in this cace I doe heirby Mortifie 
alsmuch of my yeirly rent due to me furth of ane part of the said 
lands of Disblair (except that part thereof which is alredy disponed 
to James Rolland) as will mak wp any part of the rent iff any sail 
happen to be in caice I provyd not otherways therefor in my own 
best time 

In testimony whereof thir presents (Written be Gilbert Beidie 
servitor to James Suan shirref clerk deput of Aberdeen) are sub- 
scrived with my hand at Aberdeen ye nynt day of december J'"vj'^ fifty 
nyne yeirs befor thir witnesses Master James Kennedy wryter in 
Edinburgh Georg Kilgoure son to Harie Kilgoure in old Aberdeen 
and the said Gilbert Beidie and Androw Gray servitor to Alexander 
Ettershank couper burges of Aberdeen 

At the speciall command of the abovnamed Kathrin Rolland 
(who affirmed she could not wreat) I James Suan nottar publict 
subscryves for her as witnesseth my sign and subscription manuall 

[Signed] James Suane 

I Thomas Mitchel notar publict subscryves the premiss at comand 
of the abovnamed Catherin Rolland becauss she can not wryt herself 
as she affirms be this my ordinar subscription 

[Signed] T Mitchell Connotar publict 

J Kennedy witness 
Georg Kilgour witnes 
Androw Gray witnes 
Gilbert Beidie witnes and wryter 

From a copy entered in the " Buik of Register ".* 

• Another copy appears in the Town Council Register (liv. 311) under date gth 
October, 1661, where the minute bears that James Rolland submitted the Deed of Morti- 
fication with relative sasine (recorded in the County Register of Sasincs, 28th December, 
1659), and that the Council accepted the same. The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts 
relative to the Rolland Mortification is as follows : 



1659.] CATHERINE HOLLAND'S BURSARIES. 301 

" Charge of the lands of Ardfork and Kilblaine Milltoune of Murthill and mill thereof 
mortified be the deceast Cathren Holland relict of the deceast D"" William Guild 
doctor of divinity for the vse of four bursars in the gramar scooll of this brughe 
and vther four bursars in the new colledge of the samen and for certane other 
pious wsses containet in the mortificatione maid thranent and that for the cropt and 
yeir of God 1661 
Imprimis the compter charges himself with aucht bolls aucht pecks bear and 
sextein bolls ferme meill macking in the haill tuentie - four bolls 
tuo firlots victuall payable out of the lands of Ardfork at four pund 
ten sh the boll conforme to the aggreement past betuixt the Counsell 
of Abd and James Holland Chamerlane to and collector of the rent lib. s. d, 
of the saids lands cropt forsaid inde no 5 o 

Item with the siluer rent payable out of the saids lands cropt forsaid 100 o o 

Item with the teind wiccarage of said lands is 1200 

Item with ane boll of great aits with the fodder at 4 13 4 

Item with tuo wedders and tuo lambs at 6 13 4 

Item with tuo duone capons and two duon hens pryce 10 o o 

Item with ane leit of peits is 400 

is in all 37 6 8 

Item with tuentie bolls ferme meill payable out of said lands of Kilblaine 
cropt forsaid at 4 lib 10 sh per boll conforme to agriement with the 
said James Holland is 90 o o 

Item with the siluer rent payable out of the saids lands cropt forsd 133 6 g 

Item with the teind wiccarage payable out of sds lands 16 o o 

Item with tuo wedders and tuo lambs is 6 13 4 

Item with tuo dussone of henis 400 

Item with ane leit of peits is 400 



30 13 4 



Item the compter further charges himself with sexten bolls bear thretie-tuo 

bolls ferme meill pryce forsaid payable out of the lands of niil- 

toune of Murthill and mill thereof cropt forsaid is 216 

Item with auchtein pund payable for the duetie of ane croft callet Beatties 

croft with aucht pund payable for the salmond fishing belonging to 

the saids lands cropt forsaid is in all 26 

Item with thrie dussone capons and ane duon hens is 11 o o 

Item with ane mill swyne is 600 

Item with 1 20 loads peits convertit at i sh 6d per load 900 

is 26 



Summa of the charge is sevine hundreth thrie scor nyne pund 769 11 8 
elevin sh aucht pennies 

Discharge. 

Imprimis the compter discharges himself of thretie pund elevin sh aucht d 
payit to Alexander Brodie bursar in the Gramar scool conforme to 
the conversione and pryce of the victual exprest in the charge is 30 u 8 

Item of the lyk soume payit to Alexander" Forbes sone to the deceast Alexr 

Forbes advocat bursar in the said scooll 30 11 8 



lib. 


5. 


d. 


24 








10 









302 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1659. 

Item of tuentie-four punds pa}nt be order of Counsell to Gilbert 

Skenis bairns to Gilbert Skenis is 

Item of ten pund payit be order aforsaid to Wm Kinnears sone 

Item payit to Cathren Holland spous to John Murray conforme to the morti- 
fication is 87 6 8 

Item to Mr James Kennedy toune clerk for his pains in this mortificatione 

according to the converone and pryce aforsd 11 5 o 

Item of few duetie for the saids lands of Ardfork and Kilblaine to the Laird 

of Meldrum sex pund and for mill multures four bolls ferme meill 24 o o 

Item of fourten pecks two haddishes victuall tuo part meill ane thrid part 
bear payit to the minister of Banchorie for his victuall stipend 
of milltoun of Murthill inde 426 

Item of 40 sh teind siluer payit to the minister of Peterculter for Beatties 
croft The tennents haueing to the said Minister £1^^ 13s 4d for 
the Milltoun Mill th'of Also the tennents payit to the Minister of 
Banchoriedevnick his siluer stipend both for the milltoun and mill 200 

Item of ten pund of few duety payit to the Thesr of Abd for the half feu of 
Southfeild for the termes of mert 1661 and wit 1662 the other half 
being payit be the lyfrenter 10 o o 

Item of sex pound payit to the last deceast bishop his exe" 6 15 6 

Item payit to the parochin of Kinedvart for thr part of the mortificaon 78 1 1 3 

Item oucht to be dischargit of nyne months cess firom to 

payit for the lands of Ardfork and Kilblaine is 33 8 3 

Item of nyne months cess from the to payit to the mill- 

toune of Murthill 8 I4 9 

Item oucht to be dischargit of aucht bolls bear and nynteen bolls ferme meill 
payit to Issobell Cochrane spous to William Toux out of the said 
mill and milltoune of Murthill as lyvrentrix of the sds lands at 4 lib 
10 sh per boll 121 10 o 

Item of tuo duone capons at sex pund ane mill swyne at sex pund with 120 

loads of peits at i sh 6 d the load siclik payit to hir is 21 o o 

Item the compter oucht to be dischargit of the service come wicarage leit 
peits and customs due and payable furth of the said haill lands 
In respect the samen belonges to and ar intromittit with be the 
said James Holland collector of the rents of the forsds lands 
according to the appointment of the mortificaon extending in all to 73 o o 

Summa of the discharge is fyve hundreth thrie scor sextein 

pund sevnten sh thrie d 576 17 3 

The charge being sevin hundreth thrie scor nyne punds 

elevin sh aucht d 769 11 8 



So rests be the compter ane hundreth four scor tuelf pund 

fourten sh fyve d 192 145' 



— Burs^h Mortification Accounts, 1661-62. 



1659-] 



CATHERINE HOLLAND'S BURSARIES. 



303 



The lands of Miltoun and Southfield of Murthill were feued in 1797 — articles of roup 
dated 5th August. 

Down to the year 1723 the minister and elders of King Edward applied the 18 bolls 
destined to their care to the maintenance of bursars, but at that date they elected in future 
to apply the same for behoof of the poor of the parish. Against this charge the Town 
Council, as patrons, protested, but ineffectually. (Petition to Lords of Council and Session 
by Magistrates and Masters of College against Minister and Kirk Session of King Edward, 
23rd January, 1724.) 

The lands of Ardfork and Kilblain, held in wadset, were redeemed in 1717 by payment 
to the Town Council of ,£'5333 6s. 8d. Scots. The Commissioners of Visitation of 1836-37 
complain {Second Report, p. xvi.) that " none of the bursars derive any benefit from the 
sum recovered in 1717, or from the sum mortified to yield a money bursary to a divinity 
student. On the whole, the Returns made to us by the Town Council relative to this 
mortification are very incomplete and unsatisfactory." 



At the union of the Universities in i860, the account stood thus: — 



•• 21. Catherine Holland's, 
to four bursars at Ma- 
rischal College and 
Grammar School, and 
to widows of decayed 
burgesses and poor of 
Aberdeen 



Balce 
1859. 



37 14 5 



Revenue. 



Expendre, 



295 9 5 



Balce 
i860. 



28 



Stock. 



7921 II I 



285 17 

— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 

Under the Provisional Order of 1881, the Holland bursaries are in future to be — 
four of £2$ per annum in the faculty of Arts, and one of £15 in the faculty of Divinity. 



304 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [l6^. 

LVII. 

The College of Eton and the Universities of Cajnbridge and Oxford contribute 
towards the building of a new Public School in Marischal College. 
1659-60. 

The count of the moneys contribut for building of ane new com- 
moun scoole and librarie in the colledge marschell on the 
years 1659-1660. lib. s. d. 

Imprimis from Nicolas Locker provest of the colledge of 
Eaton in England and Jhon Oxenbridge fellov of 
the said colledge the soume of ane hundreth auchtie 
fyve punds Stirling quhilk in Scots money extends 
to 2220 o o 

Item from Wm. Dillingam vice-chanceller of the vni- 
versitie of Cambridge fourtie marks Stirling quhilk 
in Scots money extends to 320 o o 

Item from vniversitie of Oxford feftie thrie punds gs. 3d. 

Stirling extending in Scots money to 641 11 o 

Of the twa last soumes extending to g6i lib. lis. ve haue 
resaved from Laurence Merser our agent by ane 
bill of exchange ane thousand marks from Alex"" 
Forbes of Sauech So the said Laurence rests vs 
as yet the soume of 294 lib. 17s. 8d. 

Item from Alex'' Forbes for exchange money tuentie 

marks 13 6 8 

So all the moneys ve have resaved extends to 2900 o 

the 7 of februar 1661 

From the earliest volume of College Accounts, 1642-82.* 

* The Account of Mr. Lawrence Mercer, the College Agent in the collection of these 
moneys, is preserved in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room. "College Buildings" No. 2. 
" London, April, i66i. Sterling Money. 
Marishal Coledge of Aberdein. 



Debitor. 

lib. 
London A°6o. Maij 3d — To Cassa, 
pay'd to Coll. Ashfield, accord- 
ing to Mr. Alexander White 
his bond and order, which I 
sent p. post to Abd. 15 



Creditor. 

lib. s. d. 
By Cassa, received of Doctor 
Wedderbourne two peece of 
Gold Carolus is summa 200 

By Cassa, received of Mr. 
John Dury 100 



'6|^-] 



OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE CONTRIBUTIONS. 



305 



lib. s. d. 
Debitor. 
August nth — To Cassa, pay'd to 
Mr. John Turing, an bill of 
exchange drawen upon me by 
the Masters of Marischal Col- 
edge in the summe of sterling 
money 55 n i 

To Cassa, pay'd for charges 
disbursed in my journey going 
to, at, and from Oxford and 
Eaton Coledge, as alsoe for a 
horss wch was stoUen at Ox- 
ford, very well known to the 
Mr. Vice-Chancelour and Mr. 
Major of Oxford. 

Charges 5I. 6s. 3d.^ 

Horss 9I. OS. 4d.j ^4 6 7 

To Cassa, pay'd for post of 
Letters from Scotland to Eng- 
land, from England to Scot- 
land, from London to both 
Vniversities, Cambridge and 
Oxford, and from them both 
to the Vniversitie of Abd. i g o 

To Prouision, reckning halffe 
a Crowne p. day during the 
tyme of my Imployment being 
usuall at London as other 
■ agents have, thogh some 
others have double soe much, 
nay quadruple 32 12 6 



Summa totalis Facit, 

sterling money 



118 ig 02 



lib. s. d. 
Creditor. 
Ao 60. In Maij — By Cassa, re- 
ceived of Dr. Dillingham, Mr. 
Vicechancellor of Cambridge 26 13 4 
In Junij, and October — By Cassa, 
received of severall Coledges 
and Halls at the universitie 
of Oxford 58 15 g 

By Cassa, received of William 
Meluill 15 o o 

By Ballans, Remaines due 
to me 15 10 I 



Summa totalis Facit, 

sterling money 



118 19 02 



QQ 



306 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1661. 

LVIII. 

The Scots Parliament confirm the Charter of Erection and the Act of Ratifi- 
cation of 1593. 20th March, 1661. 

Our Soverane Lord with advice and consent of his estates of 
Parliament Ratifies and approves and for his hienes and his suc- 
cessours perpetually confirmes the fundation and Erection of the 
Colledge of new Aberdein made be the deceast George Earle of 
Marishall Lord Keith and donation of the same with divers rents 
and patrimonies of his oune propper lands ffor advanceing of the 
which Also the Provost Baillies Councill and Coinunitie of the said 
burgh of Aberdein Gaue to the deceast Earle the place kirk closse 
and yeard whilks apperteaned sumtymes to the Gray freirs in 
Aberdein to be annexed to the said Colledge in maner at lenth 
speit in the saids leres of fundation and erection whilks are of the 
date of the day of Aprile 1593 Together with the act of ratifica- 
tion of the same made in Maties dearest Grandfather King James 
the sext of worthy memorie his current Parlia^ holden at Edinburgh 
within the tolbuith of the same vpon the tuentie one day of July 
therafter the said yeer and grant and disposition therin-mentioned 
In all and sindrie the heids points clauses articles circumstances 
and conditions thairof thairin contained and after the formes and 
tenors thairof in all points And further of new Gives and dispones 
to the said Colledge Masters and members thairof all freedoms 
liberties priveledges and jurisdiction that to any frie Colledge within 
this Realme be law and practick is known to apperteane And specially 
but preiudice of the Generality forsaid with power to them to make 
such vse of the said place kirk and yeard whilks apperteaned sum- 
tymes to the Grayfreirs of Aberdein gifted to the said Earle be the 
Provest Baillies Councill and Community of the burgh of Aberdein 
to be annexed thereto as said is As the saids masters and members 
shall think most fit and convenient for the benefite of the said 
Colledge Provyding alwayes that the masters members students 
bursers and haill inhabitants of the said Colledge are and shall be 
in all tyme heirafter Subject to the Jurisdiction of the Provest Baillies 
and Councill of the said burgh of Aberdein in all things to be done 



1 66 1.] PARLIAMENTARY RATIFICATION. 307 

or comitted be them outwith the walls of the said Colledge and 
within the territories and freedome of the said burgh 

— From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. vii. (1820), 
p. 69, cap, 99.* 

* Against the inclusion in the above Ratification of the Gray Friars Kirk (supra, p. 
230 ; T. C. R., lii. 135), Baillie William Gray, the Commissioner for the burgh of Aberdeen, 
protested in the following terms : — 

" Whairas ther is given in to this honll and heigh Court of Parliament be the principall 
masters and Regents of the Marishalls Colledge within the City of Aberdein and be William 
Earle of Marishall Patrone of the said Colledge Or ane or other of them ane Ratification of 
certane pretendit infeftments gifts grants or other rights or securities of and concerning 
the Church commonly called the Grayfreir Church lyeing at the head of the broadgate neir 
to the said Colledge to be past and exped be the Kings Majestie and Estates of Parliament 
to and in favours of them and thair successors intending therby as is informed to appropriate 
the same for the private vse and service of the said Colledge and to prejudge and de- 
pryve the said City and ther Magistrats of their iust and vndoubted right and interesse 
in and to the said Church Thairfor William Gray ane of the present Baillies of the said 
burgh of Aberdein and Commissioner serveing for them in this present Parlia' Did in open 
Parliat Protest in name and behalff of the Provest Baillies Councill and inhabitants of 
the said burgh That the passing and expeding of any such ratification of the forsaid 
Gray freir kirk or any pretendit rights infeftments gifts grants or other securities what- 
soever alledged made and granted to and in favors of the masters of the said Colledge and 
thair said Patron or either of them with any thing following or that may follow thairvpon 
Shall infer no prejudice hurt or derogation to any right tytle or possession or other pretence 
or interesse whatsoever compitent or that may be compitent to the said burgh of Aberdein 
Magistrats Councill and Community thairof Bot that the same shall stand valeid and 
eifectuall in full force as to all intents vnhurt and preiudged in any sort be vertew of the 
said Ratification as if the same had never been past or exped Wpon which Protestation 
the said William Gray askit instruments in the hands of the Lord Clerk Register " (Acts, 
vii. 70). 



308 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1661. 

LIX. 

The Scots Parliament rescind and annul all Acts of the Pretended Parliaments 
in the years 1640, -i, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8. 28//% March, 1661. 

The Estates of Parliament considering that the peace and happines 
of this Kingdome and of his Maiesties good subiects therin doth depend 
vpon the safety of his Maiesties persone and the mantenance of his 
toyall Authority power and greatnesse . . . And Although the late 
Kings Maiestie out of his meer grace and respects to this his Native 
Kingdome and the peace and quyet of his people and for preventing the 
consequences which such a bad example and practise might occasion 
to the disturbance of the peace of his other Kingdomes Was pleased in 
the yeer 1641 to come into this Cuntrie and by his oune presence at 
thair pretended Parlia'^ and otherwayes to comply with and give way to 
many things neerly concerneing the vndoubted interest and prerogative 
of the Croun expecting that such vnparalleled condiscentions should have 
made his subjects ashamed of their former miscariages and the verie 
thoughts thairof to be hatefull to them and their posterity for ever Yet 
such was the prevalency of the spirite of rebellion that raged in many for 
the tyme that not content of that peace and happines which even above 
their desires wes secured vnto them . . . They did assume vnto them- 
selffs the Royall power keept and held Parliaments at their pleasure . . . • 

Thairfor the Kings Maiestie and estates of Parliament Doe heirby 
Rescind and Aiiull the pretendit Parliaments keept in the years 1640 
1641 1644 1645 1646 1647 and 1648 and all acts and deids past and 
done in them And declare the same to be henceforth voyd and null 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. vii. (1820), p. 86, 
cap. 126.* 

* Under the Rescissory Act fell, among others, the Act of 17th November, 1641 
{V. p. 253), ratifying the union of King's and Marischal Colleges as King Charles' University. 
The separate existence of Marischal College had been recognised by the Act of 20th March, 
1661 (see also Acts, vii., p. 405, cap. 22 ; and p. 379, cap. 13), and that of King's College 
was implied in an Act " in favours of the City and Vniversity of Old Aberdeen " of 20th 
May in the same year [Acts, vii., p. 214, cap. 230), and fully admitted in another Act 
of 22nd August, 1670 [Acts, viii., p. 26, cap. 34) ; but the style Universitas Carolina is 
found in official use so late as 1714 {Theses Philosophicae Quas A.P.D.O.M. ingenui aliquot 
Adolescentes Laureae Magisterialis Candidati in Cclcberrimo Collegia Marischallano Univer- 
sitatis CaroUnae Abredenensis ad diem 22 Aprilis publice propugnabunt. Abred., 1714); 
and in 1740 Dr. Samuel Patrick, Master of the Charter House, uses it in a Latin letter of 
thanks for the degree of LL.D. 



1663.] bishops' rents. 309 

LX. 

The Scots Parliament assign to the Universities a charge on the Bishops' rents 
for five years, and the vacant stipends for seven years from 1664. wth 
October^ 1663. 

Our Soverane Lord and the Estates of Parliament takeing 
into serious consideration the Condition of the several! vniversities of 
this Kingdome And finding that present mean and incompetent pro- 
vision of the Masters and professors thairof is so prejudicial! to the 
floorishing of these seminaries of Church and State That vnles some 
considerable augmentation be setled vpon them for their encourage- 
ment the ablest and fittest persons of ingenuous spirits and education 
will shun and avoid the vndertaking of functions in Vniversities for 
want of such ingenuous means as should invite entertean encourage 
and obleidge men sufficient for such laborious employments To the 
great decay of learning and detriment of all ranks of persons in the 
Kingdom For preventing and remeiding whairof Ther being ane 
expedient proposed that the Archbishops and Bishops and rest of the 
inferiour Clergie may allow some parte yeerly of their rents benefices 
and mantenance for the space of fyve yeers to come as ane exemplary 
testimony of their piety and zeall for the advancement of learning and 
Religion Thairfor his Maiestie with advice and consent of the 
Estates of Parliament Doth Statute and Ordean that for the crops 
and yeers 1664 1665 1666 1667 and 1668 ther be raised yeerly out of 
the rents of ilk Archbishop and Bishop the sume of fiftie punds for 
every thousand merks of the said revenews and the sume of fourty 
punds out of every thousand merks of the Stipends or benefices of 
every Minister and so proportionably sex of the hundreth As the 
benefice or stipend shall be valued to be more or lesse by the 
Bishops of the dyocesses And that the saids several! proportions 
payable by the Bishops Shall be yeerly given in to the Archbishops 
of the respective provinces or such as shall have warrand from them 
And that the saids severall proportions payable by Ministers Shall 
be yeerly given in to the Bishops of the respective dyocesses or such 
as shall have warrand from them and for whom the saids Bishops 



310 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1663. 

shall be comptable Which sumes so to be raised Shall be distributed 
to the severall Vniversities according to those proportions which 
shall be assigned by his Maiestie by a Coitiittie to sit at Edinburgh 
Consisting of the Archbishops of S' Andrews and Glasgow and the 
Bishops of Edinburgh and Aberdeen and four others whairof one to 
be nominat by the Visitors of the Vniversity of St Andrews and 
another by the Visitors of the Vniversity of Glasgow the third by 
the visitors of Aberdeen the fourt by the Councill of Edinburgh 
Heirby Authorizeing the Archbishop of St Andrews and in his absence 
the Archbishop of Glasgow to preside in the said Coiiiittie And to 
appoint their dyets of meiting from time to time And the Coinittie 
to take care that the sums thus allotted shall be put into a stock 
and setled vpon land or otherwayes by advice of the respectiue 
Bishops who are Chancellers of the saids Vniversities And ordains 
the arent of the said stock to be proportioned to the Masters and 
professors of each Vniversitie as this visitors thairof shall appoint 
And further his Majestic and Estates forsaid doe ordaine that stipends 
and all benefices of kirks that shall vaik after the first day of 
ffebruary in this following yeer of God 1664 for the space of seven 
yeers next therafter shall be vplifted by Collector 

therof and imployed by him in the maner and according to the 
proportions abovespcit for the encressing of the stock of each Vni- 
versity Declareing that the fiftie tuo act of the first Session of this 
Parliament Concerning the disposall of vacand stipends Shall be of 
no force dureing the space of the years forsaid And ordaines letters 
of horning and poinding and all other execution necessary to be 
directed at the instance of the saids Bishops or any to be appointed 
by them and at the instance of the said Collector for the more 
speedie inbringing of the sums rexive abovementioned Further his 
Maiestie and the Estates of Parliament Doe recommend to the Lords 
of the Privy Councill To enterteane and promote any voluntary offer 
or contribution for the ends aforsaid to be made by Noblemen or 
Gentlemen for a work so worthy of the publict wisdom pietie and 
honor of this Kingdom It is alwayes declared that this act shall 
be without prejudice of acts past in this Parliament for allowing 
the vacant Stipends of the dyocesses of Yles and Argyll for breiding 
young schoUers the sume being regulat by the Coinittie abovenamed 



1670.] VACANT STIPENDS. 3II 

And that this act shall be no preparative for laying on any burdens 
on the Clergie heirafter without their own consent 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. vii. (1820), p. 491, 
cap. 62. 

LXI. 

William Leslie of Balquhane mortifies one hundred and twenty volumes to the 
Library of the College. 1669.* 

Anno Domini i66g William Leslie Laird of Balquhane did 
mortifie and send to the College from Breda in Holland sex score 
of verie choice books conforme to the Catallogues in the Charter 
Kist and ane Catallogue given into Mr Thomas Gray Regent and 
Bibliothecaire be Doctor James Leslie Principall who receaved the 
said bookes first in his custodie in his own chamber in the College 
and thereafter did give them in to the College Bibliotheck as said is 

[Signed] W. Leslie, Principall 
From an entry in the "Buik of Register", 

LXIL 

The Privy Council confirm to the Aberdeen Colleges the grant of vacant stipends 
for the period 1664-1671. 23rd? August, 1670. 

At Edinburgh the twenty and thrid day of August J'^vj*^ and 
seventie years Anent a petition presented to the lords of his majesties 

* " Academia Marischallana, omni qu^ par est gratitudine, inter Bencfactorcs suos vene- 
ratur D. Gulielmum Leslaeum a Balquhnyn, antiquissimae illius familiae Principem, quae 
non tantum apud Nos, potentia, divitiis et dignitate, per plures annorum centurias cele- 
berrima floruit, sed et etiam Comitis Leslaei titulum, amplissimis praediis, maximisque 
honoribus munitum, in Imperio Romano Germanico adepta est. Hie, singulari Dei beneficio, 
Reformatam amplexus Rcligionem, eandem propagate et perpetuo vigere voluit, ideoque 
dum in Belgio diversaretur, Bibliothecam nostram centum et viginti ditavit voluminibus." 
(Smith's Oratio, p, 27.) 

The shield assigned to William Leslie on the Heraldic Ceiling showed the very 
curious bearings : Azure, a chevron argent between three roses gules ; over all a fess sable 
charged with three buckles or — a form not occurring among the many Leslie coats given 
by Nisbet, Stodart, and the family historian, Colonel Charles Leslie. The shield of James 
Leslie, seventh principal, showed, Argent, on a fess between a mullet in chief and a tulip 
[?] in base vert, three buckles of the field. 



312 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1670. 

privy councill be mr Robert Forbes in name and behalf of and as 
commissionat be the Principall Professors Regents and masters of 
the Kings Colledge of Aberdein and mr Robert Paterson in name 
and behalf of and as commissionat be the Colledge Marishall of 
Aberdein Shewing that where by the twenty thrid act of the thrid 
session of his majesties first parliament Entituled act for additionall 
provision in favoures of vniversities * The vacant stipends of this 
Kingdome were for the space of seven years therafter appointed to be 
vplifted and imployed for the vse of the vniversities of this Kingdome 
And seing the vniversities of St Andrewes and Glasgow have 
receaved considerable supplyes furth of these vacant stipends and 
otherwayes of his majesties royeall munificence And that as yet 
the saids tuo colledges of Aberdein have receaved no supply Albeit 
by the diminution of their rents Ruinous condition of their Edifices 
mean provision of their professors ministers and members and a 
great burthen of debt They are in a sad and languishing condition 
And in all appearance without some seasonable supply will turne 
to ruine And therefore supplicating that seing there is no collectors 
I appoynted and accepting for uplifting the vacancies of the dioces of 

Aberdein and all benorth the same for diverse years bypast which 
by the said act of parliament is only to be uplifted for the Vniversities 
That the same might be given to the saids tuo colledges and they 
or such as they should appoynt might be impowered to uplift the 
same for the vse forsaid The Lords of his majesties privy Councill 
haveing heard and considered the forsaid petition doe hereby Give 
and Grant to the saids tuo colledges The vacant stipends of all 
' the kirkes within the shyre of Aberdein and the haill vacant kirkes 

I of the severall shyres and diocess lying benorth the same and that 

during the tyme and years the same have bein vacant since the 
first day of February J'^vj'' and sextie four or that shall happen to 
vaik before the first day of February J^vj*^ and seventie one 
years and which are yet lying in the heretors hands or are not 
compted for and satisfied by any who have intromitted thairwith 
With power to them or such as they shall appoynt to call for persew 
intromett with and uplift from the heretors feuers fermorers intro- 
mitters with and other persons lyable the saids vacant stipends for 

* No. LX., supra. 



1672.] VACANT STIPENDS. 313 

the years of God abovewrytten the said Principall professors Regents 
and masters of the saids tuo colledges being alwayes comptable that 
what shall be receaved be them shall be imployed for the vse of 
the saids colledges And ordaines letters to be direct hereupon in 
forme as effeirs 

Extr. by me 

Al Gibsone Cls. 

From the certified extract in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room, " Government 
Grants," No. 2b. 

LXIII. 

The Scots Parliament renew to the Universities grants of the vacant stipends for 
a second period of seven years from 1672. \oth September, 1672. 

The Kings Maiestie Considering the present condition of the 
severall Universities and Colledges within this Kingdome and the 
mean and incompetent provision of the Masters and professors 
thereof and being desireous to give all due encouragement to these 
Seminaries that thereby able and fitt persones may be invited to 
accept of ffunctions within the same Doth therfore with advice 
and consent of his Estates of Parlia' Statute and Ordaine that the 
Stipends and benefices of Kirks that shall happin to Vaike for the 
space of sevin Yeirs this present Yeir J'^vj'^ Sevintie two being 
the first of the sevin and soe furth to continow vntill the expireing 
of the sevin yeirs shall be employed for the vse of the Vniversities 
and Colledges in maner aftirspeit viz The Vacancies within the 
"Diocessis of S' Andrews Dumblain Dunkeld Breichin and Orknay 
for the Vniversitie of S' Andrews and the Vacancies within the 
Diocess of Edinburgh for the Colledge of Edinburgh and the 
Vacancies within the Diocessis of Abirdein Murray Ross and Caith- 
nes for the Universitie of Aberdein And the Vacancies within the 
Diocessis of Glasgow Galloway and the Isles as followes viz the 
Vacancies of the Diocess of Glasgow for this present yeir J™vj'= and 
Sevintie two to be employed the one halfe for the Vniversitie of S' 
Andrews and the other halfe for the Vniversitie of Glasgow and the 
Vacancies of that Diocess for the six yeirs ensueing with the 
Vacancies of the said two diocessis of Galloway and the Isles for 

RR 



314 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1672. 

the whole sevin yeirs abovementioned to be employed for the Vni- 
versity of Glasgow And that this Supply may prove the more 
effectuall The severall Vniversities and Colledges are hereby war- 
ranted to name Collectors (for whose diligence and faithfulness they 
are to receive sufficient Caution befor they receive their Comissions) 
to vplift the Vacand Stipends which are or shall become Vacand 
dureing the sevin yeirs abovementioned within the rexive diocessis 
hereby alloted to them The Collector to be appointed by the Col- 
ledge of Glasgow to vplift the Vacancies of the Diocess of Glasgow 
allwayes finding sufficient Caution at the sight of the Vniversity of 
S' Andrews to make payment to that University and to the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow equally betuixt them of the Vacancies which he 
shall receive within the sd Diocess of Glasgow for this present yeir 
jmyjc Sevintie two And his Maiestie with Advice forsaid Ordaines 
Lettirs of horneing and all other execution necessary to pas at the 
instance of the sds Collectors for the more speidy raiseing and 
inbringing of the Vacancies afoirsd Which Vacancies are to be 
disposed of and imployed for the vse of the rexive Universities and 
Colledges yeirlie by the Visitors to be appointed by his Maiestie 
for the rexive Vniversities and Colledges vndir the great seall. It is 
allwayes heirby Declared that the Vacancies shall be burdeined with 
the vpholding of the Manses of these paroches out of which the Vacan- 
cies shall be raised in the same maner as they wer formerlie vpon re- 
moveall of the incumbent Conforme to the act of Parliament maid 
thereanent And as to the Vacancies of the Diocess of Argyll they 
are to be employed for maintainance of Bursars as is appointed by the 
former acts of Parlia* And his Maiestie with advice forsaid Declaires 
the former act past in the thrid Session of his Maiesties first Parlia* 
Entituled Act for additionall provision in favours of Universities to 
be void and null to all the intents therincontained. 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. viii. (1820), p. 94, 
cap. 46.* 

* The Acts of 1663 and 1672 not indicating the shares of the vacant stipends that 
should fall to the two Colleges, the Masters agree upon a proportion : — 

"Att Old Aberdene The fyfteint day of November the year of God Jmvjc thrie 
scoir sexteine yeres It is condiscendit aggried and finallie endit betuixt the Principalis 



1676.] VACANT STIPENDS. 315 

Masters and Members off the Kings and Marischall Colledges off Aberdeine In maner 
forme and effect as afterfollowes That is to say Forsameikle as the saids tuo Colledges 
have By virtue of gifts and grantis from the Kings majestic and Estates of Parliament 
and Lords of Secret Counsell Right to all vaicand stipends of kirks vaicand or that shall 
happine to vaik benorth the water of die For the space of fyfteine yearis commenceing 
from the day of January Jmvjc sextie four yearis And also the saids Colledges 

have right and clame to the mortificationes left and bequeathed be the deceist Captaine 
Williame Rosse of Rissieland for the mantainance of certaine students In maner mentionat 
in his Letter will and Testament daited in Anno Jmvjc [fifty nine] yearis Which Gifts 
and mortificationes Being made to the saids tuo Colledges in genneral termes not con- 
discending upon the respective proportiones that should fall to each of the saids Colledges 
Ther might aryse controversie anent the divisione thairof For avoiding wherof the 
present masters and members have condiscended and aggried that eight thretteine pairts 
of whatsoevir shall accrease be virtue of the saids gifts of vaikand stipends shall accrease 
belong to and be applied for the use and behooff of the Kings Colledge masters and 
members thairof And that fyve thretteine pairts of that shall accreas and be recouered be 
virtue of the saids gifts of the said vaikand stipends shall belong appertaine and be imployed 
for the use and behooff of the said Marshall Colledge masters and members thairof And 
Consent that the Collector of the samen vaikand stipends present and to come shall make 
Compt Reckoneing and payment to the saids Colledges respective of the severall pro- 
portiones forsaids according to ther intromissione deductis deducendis And farder they 
have condiscendit and aggried that whateuer shall be receaved of the said mortificatione 
made be the said Captaine Rosse fyve eight pairts thairof shall belong and be appropriat 
to the Kings Colledge for wse of bursers of theologie and philosophie And thrie eight 
pairts thairof to the said Marshall Colledge for the lyke vse of bursers of theologie and 
philosophie And that they shall contribute proportionablie for prosecutione of that Effaire 
according to the respectiue interests forsaid Consenting thir presentis be Insert and Registrat 
in the Bookes of Counsell and Sessione Shireff or Commissar Court bookes of Aberdeine 
therin to remaine ad futuram rei memoriam And for Registrating therof constitutes 

coniunctlie and seuerallie ther procurators In witnes 

quhairof the foirnamed persones have subscryved thir presentis written be Williame 
Barker writtar in Aberdeine With ther hands day year and place forsaids Befor thir 
witnessis Mr Alexr Rose minister at Monymusk Mr James Gordone minister at Banchorie 
Deavnick Mr George Meldrum minister at Fintrey and Mr Alexr Forbes wreatter inserter 
of the date and witnessis 

(Signed) J. Leslie prinll of the Mr Al. Middleton principall of 

Marisch, College the Kings Colledge 

Ro, Paterson Regent Mr Geo. Nicolson Civilist 

G. Peacock Regent Pa. Urquhart M.D. 

. Jo. Farquhar Regent An. Massie sub pU 

Jo. Pattoun Regent Mr Ro. Forbes Regent 

Mr A. Rose witnes 
Mr Jam. Gordon witnes 
Mr George Meldrum witnes 
Mr Al. Forbes witnes" 

From the original in Mar. Coll. Charter Room, " Government Grants," No. 2a. 



3l6 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1677. 

LXIV. 

James Milne, elder, burgess of Aberdeen, mortifies to the Council the sum of 
two thousand five hundred nterks Scots for the tnaintenance of two bursars. 
2nd June, 1677.* 

Be it kend to all men whom it effeires be thir presentts Me 
James Milne elder merchant burgess of Abd and James Milne younger 
burgess of Abd my brothers sonne and servant out of the zeall I 
carry to the glory of God increass of learneing supplie of young boyes 
whose parents are dead and have not meanes of their owne for 
mantaining themselves sufficiently thereat and out of the respect I 
carry to the floorishing of the Colledge Marishall of Aberdene to 
have given granted mortified and disponed and be thir presentts gives 
grants mortifies and dispones All and Haill the soume of tuenty 
five hundreth merks scots money to be imployed upon land band 
or other sufficient securitie be the Provest Bailyies and counsell of 
the said burgh of Abd with express advyce and consent of the 
persones after mentioned my nephewes And the annuallrent therof to 
be yearely employed and payed be the master of the mortified moneyes 
of the said burgh for mantainance and intertainment of tuo schollars 
as bursers in the said College Marishall of Abd for the space of 
foure yeares And that at tuo termes in the yeare Whitsunday and 
Martimass be equall portiones beginnand the first termes payment 
therof at the nixt terme of Whitsunday or Martimass after the pay- 
ment of the said principall soume And which soume I the said 
James Milne elder have put in the hands of the said James younger 

* " Silentio minime dissimulanda, est pietas et muniRcentia Viri, de Nobis, Musisque 
nostris optime meriti, Jacobi MiLNiEi, Mercatoris Abrcdonensis, magnis dignissimi elogiis : 
Hie, priscae fidei et intaminatae honestatis, uni cum bene faciendi, et de aliis bene merendi 
ambibat honorem, omnesque alias refugiebat dignitates : Et praeter praedia, et amplum 
patrimonium, innocenter partum, Amicis et Ncpotibus legata; AcademicE Marischallance, 
Viduis aut Virginibus, atque Pauperibus, quatuor mille et quingentas mercas assignavit : 
Cujus pietatis, quamdiu intra haec tecta, vel docentis vel discentis audietur vox, semper 
vigebit memoria." (Smith's Oratio, p. 28.) 

By another deed of the same date fifteen hundred merks Scots were mortified for the 
support of decayed widows and daughters of burgesses. 

A portrait of James Milne hangs in the hall of Marischal College. 

The Milne mortification was not commemorated on the Heraldic Ceiling or on a 
" broad ". 



1677.] JAMES MILNE'S BURSARIES. ^^i;f 

for the effect forsaid And thairfore Wee The said James Milne 
elder and James Milne younger be thir presentts binds and obliges 
Us coniunctlie and seuerallie our aires executers and successores 
whatsomever thankfully to content pay and deliver to the said Provest 
Bailyies and counsell of Abd: and their successores for the use forsaid 
all and haill the soume of tuenty fifve hundreth merkes money forsaid 
and that within tuo yeares and tuo dayes compleat immediatly follow- 
ing the deceiss of me the said James Milne elder whensoever the samen 
shall hapen at the pleasure of God Togidder with the soume of eight 
hundreth marks money forsaid of liquidat expenssis in caiss of fail3ie 
and ordinar annuallrents of the said principall soume yearely termely 
ay and sua long as the samen shall happen to remaine unpayed after 
the terme of payment therof above writtene And ffarder I doe 
hereby nominat ordaine and appoint that the said Provest Bailyies and 
counsell of the said burgh of Abd and there successores (with express 
advyce and consent of my brother sones William Milne merchant in 
Abd Robert Milne writter in Edr and the said James Milne my servant 
they or any ane or all of them be overseers to this my mortificatione 
and any whosoever they present to be preferred befor all others what- 
somever) be patrons to this my present mortificatione in all tyme 
comeing and with consent abovewritten grant presentatione to such 
as shall hapen to be nominat and admitted to the said benefite and 
that none be presented to the said benefite but allennarly these that 
are qualified and have learned there course in the gramar schooll 
and are of ane good inclination and dispositione and nowayes given 
to wikedness nor vyce and those whose parents are poor and indigent 
and not able to maintaine them at the said College or whose parents 
are dead and have not meanes of there owne for maintaining them- 
selves sufficiently therat Moreover I doe hereby will appoint and 
ordaine that if any of my owne kine or the kine of Elspet Donaldsone 
my Spouse shall desire the enjoyment of the said benefite and morti- 
ficatione that they be preferred before all others without competitione 
and enjoy the said benefite above specifiett not only dureing the said 
foure yeares course at the said CoUedge but also for ane yeare 
thereafter for studying Theologie or any other sciences as they 
shall think fitt albeit others be vertue of this present mortificatione 
are only to have the benefit therof dureing the said foure yeares space 



3l8 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [^^77- 

allennarly as said is And sicklike I doe hereby humbly intreat 
and beseech the said Provost bailyies and councell of the said Burgh 
of Aberdene And my said Nephewes and there representitives over- 
seers forsaid whom I impower to present and whom they present 
to be prefered as said is to take speciall care from tyme to 
tyme that this mortificatione be punctually observed in the haill 
heades articles and conditiones thereoff conforme to the express 
wordes of the same in my will meaning and intention hereintill 
And that it be nowayes innovat altered nor changed in any part as 
they wold shunne the curse and maledictione of God And as they 
wold wish the blessing of God to be on them and there posteritie 
And also wee the said James Milne elder and James Milne younger 
do hereby declaire that albeit this presentt mortificatione and band 
is not to be given up to the said Provost bailyies and councell of Abd 
as ane delivered Evident till after the deceiss of me the said James 
Milne Yet the not delivering therof is not nor shall not be any 
hinderance or impediment to this presentt mortificatione or any clause 
therin containit but is and shall be as good valide and eifectuall as 
if the samen hade beene instantly delivered at the makeing hereof 
The not deliverie hereof wee the said James Milne elder and James 
Milne younger have dispenced with And be thir presentts dispences for 
now and ever renunceance all exception to be proponit in the con- 
traire And lastlie it is hereby speciall provided and declared that 
non of the forsaids bursers shall be obliged in payment to any of the 
masters or members of the said colledge Marishall of any stipend or 
colledge fee dureing the space above specifiett and if they shall pay 
any at all I will and ordaine that each burser be noe farder lyable 
to the saids masters and members yearely for the cause forsaid but 
only in the soume of ten marks scots money And if the regents of 
the said College shall not be content to accept of them at the said 
raitt in that caiss I declaire that it shall be licent to the saids 
patrones to present the said bursers to be bursers of the king's 
colledge of old Abd they accepteing them at the said raitt Con- 
centing to the regratione hereof in the bookes of counsell and session 
or any other judicatory bookes competent within this kingdom 
therein to remaine ad futuram rei memoriam And that lettres may 
be directed if need bees And constitutes . . . Our lauchfull pro- 



1677.] JAMES MILNE'S BURSARIES. 



319 



curatores &c In Witness whairof thir presentts are written be James 

Milne younger and subscriuitt with both our hands at Aberdene the 

second day of June J'^vj'^ threescoire and seventene yeares Before 

thir witnessis John Favans servitor to John Archbold merchant in 

Abd and James Rany Writer in Edr 

[Signed] James Mill elder 

James Milne yor 
John Favans witnes 

Ja Rainy witness 

From the original deed in the Town House Charter Room, " Mortifica- 
tions for Bursars," M^ 11.* 

* See the relative minute, of date 4th December, 1678, in which the two deeds of 
mortification are engrossed, Town Council Register, Ivi, 367-372. 

The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to the Milne mortification is as 
follows : — 

*' Charge of tuo thousand and fyve hundreth marks Scots money mortifiet be the deceast 
James Milne elder merchant burgess of Aberdein for mantenance of tuo bursars in 
the Colledge Marischall of Aberdein conforme to his letters of mortificatione dated 
the second day of Junij 1677 yeirs 
Imprimis the compter charges himselfe with tuo thousand and fyve hundreth lib. s. d. 
merkes receaved be him at Mertimes last 1678 from James Milne 
younger nephew to the said mortifier as the forsaid soumc mortified 
for the vse forsaid be him and which soume the compter did give out 
wpon band to the Thesaurer of the sd brughe conforme to act of 
Counsell th^anent 1666 13 4 

Item with the annual rent throf firom Mert 1678 to Wit 1679 is 50 o o 



Summa of the charge is ane thousand seven hundreth sextein 

pund threttene sh four d 1716 13 4 



Discharge. 

Imprimis the compter discharges himselfe of tuo thousand and fyve hundreth 
merkes prinll soume restand be the toune of Aberdein to this morti- 
ficatione conforme to the Thesaurers band is 1666 13 4 

Item of the expenss payit on warrand at receaving the mortificatione and 
deliverie of the money and secureing the same conforme to the 
mortificatione and for the securities thranent is in all 15 o o 



Summa of the discharge is ane thousand sex hundreth four 

scor ane punds thretein shilling four pennies 1681 13 4 

The charge being ane thousand sevin hundreth sextein pund 

13 sh 4 d 1716 13 4 

So rests be the Compter thretie fyve pund 35 o o " 



-Burgh Mortification Accounts, 1678-79. 



320 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1677. 

LXV. 

Robert Cumming, Merchant in Elgin, mortifies to the Council the sum of 900 
merks Scots, for the maintenance of a bursar. 14th July, 1677.* 

I Robert Cumming merchant in Elgine for certaine good respects 
and considerations moveing me for the speciall favor I bear to the 
bnighe of Aberdein and for the better floorishing of learneing therin 
Mortifies assignes and dispones To the Provest Baillies and Counsell 
of the said Brughe and their successors for the vse efter specifiet The 
soume of Nyne hundered merkes scots money restand to me be the 
said Alexander and WilHam Cummings merchants in Aberdene con- 
forme to ther band grantit theranent of the dait of thir presents 
payabill at mertimes nixt bearing annuallrent and fail3ie after the said 
terme of payment Which soume of Nyne hundreth merkes I appoynt 
and ordaine to be Imployed wpon annuallrent and sufficient securitie 
wntill the same make wp fourtie punds money of yeirlie annuallrent 
and which annuall rent of fourtie pund I ordaine to be payed be the 
patrons wndernamed to ane bursar in the colledge marischall of Aber- 
dein yearlie at mertimes and witsonday be equall portions of my owne 
kindred desyreing the same being fund qualified and fail5ieing of them 
to the name of Cumming desyreing the same being fund qualified and 



In i860, when the Universities were united, the account stood thus : — 



" 23. James Milne's, of 2500 
merks to Two Bursars at 
Marischal College 



Balce 

1859 

i 9 6 



Revenue 
10 18 4 



Expendre 



Balce 
i860 

8 16 10 



Stock 



328 16 10" 



— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 
Under the Provisional Order of 1881, the Milne and Eraser {infra, under date 1695) 
bursaries have been united into one of ;£'2o per annum. 

* " Hie memorandus venit, Robertus Cumminius, qui pecuniam, quam ipse Mercaturd 
et Industrid parisset, alendo Philosophiae studioso destinavit ; sicque caducas hujus mundi 
merces, cum immortali commutavit fcelicitate. 

•• O quam foelix est, bene agere ! Et quam providum est, de Academiis et Literatis 
bene mereri : Nam vivunt Roberti hujus merita, viget ipsius fama, dum quatuor illorum 
Comitum, et viginti duorum Baronum, quibus olim superbiebat Cumminorum Gens, ne vel 
nuda supersunt nomina, 

"Caruere quia vate sacro." 

— Smith's Oratio, p. 28. 

The Cumming mortifisation was not commemorated on the Heraldic Ceiling. On 
the " broad " the arms appear as, Azure, three garbs or within a bordure engrailed argent 
charged with eight crescents gules. 



l677-] ROBERT CUMMING'S BURSARIES. 32I 

fail3ieing of all to burges sones of new Aberdein being also fund qualified 
for ther mantinance and supplie as ane bursar in the said colledge 
marischall for the space of four yeirs successively And nominats 
and appoynts the Provest baillies and Counsell of Aberdein and ther 
successors with the said Alex' Gumming patrons of the forsaid morti- 
ficatione and assignatione Earnestlie intreating and beseeching them 
to manadge and Imploy the same for the effect above exprest and 
for no other intent or vse as they shall answer to God at the great 
day of ther appearance With full power to the saids Provest Baillies 
and Counsell patrons aforsaid to call follow and persew for payment 
from the said Alexander and William Cummings of the forsaids soumes 
when they shall think fitt And I consent to the registratione heireof 
in any Judges books competent to have the strenth of any of ther decreits 
that Lettres and executorialls may be direct heiron wpon Six days and 
constitutes . . . my procurators be thir presentis written be William 
Rose Writer in Aberdeen Subscrived with my hand at Pitmuckstoune the 
fourteint day of July J'"vj'^ thriescoire sevintein yeirs before witnessis 
M"" John Mair student in Aberdein John Mitchell Merchant ther and 
William Fraser notar publict ther Sic subscribitur Robert Cuming 
John Mair witnes John Mitchell witnes William Fraser witnes 

From a copy entered in the Town Council Register^ Vol. xxxvi., p. 261.* 

* The relative minute begins : — 

Sept. 5, 1677. 

" The said day compeired Alexander Gumming merchant in the said brughe and gave 
in the Letter of mortificatione wnderwritten which the Counsell ordained to be bookit in 
the Counsells books therin to remayne ad futuram rei memoriam of the which mortificatione 
the tenor follows &c" 

The earliest entry in the Town's Accounts relative to Cumming's Mortification is as 
follows : — 

" Charge of sex hundereth punds Scots mortified be Robert Cuming merchant in Elgin for 
ane bursar in the Colledge Marischall of Aberdein which is ordaineit to be imployit 
wpon annual rent vntill the same accress to ane thousand merks conforme to his 
mortificatione dated the day of last by past 

Imprimis the compter charges himselfe with nyne hundereth merkes restand lih. s, d. 
be Alexander and William Cummings merchants in Aberdein pay- 
able at Mertimes nixt bearing annual rent efter the said terme is 600 o o 



Summa of the charge is sex hundreth pund 600 o o 

SS 



;22 



MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. 



[1677. 

Discharge. lib. s. d. 

Imprimis the compter discharges himselfe of sex hundereth pund restand 
on band be Alexander and William Cumings above designit bear- 
ing annual rent as in the charge is 600 o o 

Item of the expenss debursit with them at getting in of the said mortifi- 

catione and band is i 15 o 

Summa of the discharge is sex hundreth ane pund 15 sh 601 15 o 

The charge being sex hundreth pund 600 o o 

So rests to the compter ane pund fyftein sh i 15 o " 



— Burgh Mortification Accounts, 1676-77. 
In i860, when the Universities were united, the account stood thus: — 



" 22. Robert Cumine's, to 
a Bursar, preferring his 
own relations of the 
nameof Cumine, whom 
failing, Town's Bairns, 
Children of Burgesses 



Balce 
1859 



15 18 10 



Revenue 



7 15 3 



Expendre 



lo 8 o 



Balce 
i860 



13 6 



Stock 



248 61" 



— Burgh Accounts, 1859-60. 



Under the Provisional Order of 1881, the Cumming and Gordon (infra, under date 
1737) bursaries have been united into one of £'20 per annum. 



1678.] GEORGE MELVILLE'S BURSARIES. 323 

LXVI. 

Mr. George Melville, Minister of Alford, by his latter will and testament^ be- 
queaths to the King's and Marischal Colleges equally a sum of 9320 
merks Scots to found bursaries. la^th November, 1678.* 

Be it knowine to all men by these present letters Me Master 
John Buchan Regent and commone procurator of the Kings collcdg 
of Aberdein With speciall advyce and consent of the principall and 
remanent masters and members of the said Kings colledg vndersub- 
scryving Forsomeikle as the deceist mr George Melvill late minister 
at Alfoord be his latter will and testament subscriuit with his hands 
of the dait the fourteint day of november J'"vj*= Sevintie eight yeirs 
left in legacie to the Kings colledg off Aberdein and to the Marischall 
colledg of new Aberdein equallie betuixt them the sowmes of money 
eftirmentioned Viz The principall sowme of nyne hundreth merks 
scotts money restand to the said deceist master George Melvill be 
mr William Johnstoune of Frosterhill With the principall sowme 
of ane thowsand punds money forsaid restand to him on ane here- 
table band be John and William Forbessis of Aslowne Togither with 
the principall sowme of tuo thowsand nyne hundreth merks money 
abovewrittine restand to him on ane heretable band be William 
Garioch of Archballoch and Alexander Garioch his sone Togither 
also with the principall sowme of sevine hundreth and eightie pund 
money forsaid restand to him be the deceist Sir Johne Forbes of 
Wattertoune vpon tuo bands Togidder with the sowme of tuo 
thousand four hundreth merkis restand to him on band be the 

* " Primaevae simplicitatis et pietatis exemplar, M. Georgius Melvillus, Ecclesiae 
Alfordiensis Pastor, dignissimum in Benefactorum nostrorum Calendario meretur locum : 
Fuit Vir undique doctus, et in omni versatissimus antiquitate ; qui non aliter vixit quam 
docuit ; in moribus, ad prisci Cutonis (seu potius Christi) normam ; in corporis cultu et 
victu, ad veteris aevi modestiam et temperantiam ; in verbis gestuque ad omnem decorem, 
et in vita ad maximam sanctimoniam, compositus et institutus. Et praeter alia Pietatis 
suae monumenta, Ptochodochiis et Pontibus legata, Illius munificentia tres in Collegio 
Marischallano, totidemque in Rcgio, aluntur Philosophias studiosi, Eximii hujus Viri virtus, 
meis potius attenuanda, quam amplianda encomiis." (Smith's Oratio, p. 28.) 

Melville graduated at King's College in 1646, and was minister successively at Bourtie, 
New Machar, Newhills, Udny, and Alford. 

His arms were shown on the Heraldic Ceiling as, Gules, a chevron between three 
crescents argent within a bordure of the last charged with eight roses of the first. 



324 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1678. 

deceist George Burnet and George Sibbald burgessis of Aberdein 
Togither siclyke with the sowme of ane thowsand merks restand to 
him be Alexander Straquhan of Glenkindie Togither with the princi- 
pal! sowme of fyve hundreth and fiftie merks restand to him be my 
lord Forbes And ane hundreth merks of what wes restand. to him 
be mr Robert Hervie of Mameulay All vpon band and all equallie 
to the saids tuo colledges Which sowmes left to the saids tuo Col- 
ledges (Except such as is excepted in the said latter will and testa- 
ment and reserved of the same) the said deceist mr George Melvill 
appoynted to be stocked in sufficient and responsall mens hands be 
the vnanimous consent of the saids tuo Colledges and of mr Alex- 
ander Lister student of divinitie in Aberdein executer testamentar 
nominat and confirmit to the said vmquhill mr George Melvill and 
the annuallrent therof to be imployed yeirlie for the mantinance of 
ane equall number of bursars at the saids tuo Colledges and ilk 
bursars mantinance to be yeirlie fourtie punds scotts money And 
be the said testament it is provydit and declarit that the said sowme 
of tuo thowsand nyne hundreth merks money forsaid restand be the 
saids William and Alexander Garioches suld be lyfrented be the said 
William Garioch and the deceist Janet Burnet his spous during ther 
respectiue lyftymes and efter both ther deceissis be the said Alex- 
ander Garioch ther sone and Jeane Garioch ther dauchter As also 
be the said testament it is provydit and declarit that the said deceist 
mr George Melvill left the sowme of ane thowsand punds scotts money 
of the forsaid sowme of tuo thowsand nyne hundreth merks restand 
be the saids William and Alexander Garioches to the hospitall in 
old Aberdein the yeirlie annuallrent wherof is to be imployed efter 
the deceiss of the said William Garioch his said spous sone and 
dauchter toward the mantinance of tuo poor beidmen in the said 
hospitall as in the said testament testamentar confirmit befor the 
commissar of Aberdein vpon the fourt day of Junij J'^vj"^ Sevintie nyne 
ycirs and wherin the said mr Alexander Lister is executer confirmit 
to him at lenth is contenit And Seeing James Chrystie in Wester 
Cheyne air servit and retourit to the said deceist mr George Melvill 
and the said mr Alexander Lister as executer confirmit to the said 
vmquhill mr George did setle and agrie anent the legacies above- 
writtine with the principalis masters and members of the saids tuo 



1678.] GEORGE MELVILLE'S BURSARIES. 325 

colledges in maner contenit in ane discharge * grantit be them to 
the saids James Chrystie and mr Alexander Lister of the dait the 
last and dayes of Maij and Junij last bypast in this instant 

yeir of god J"'vj'= fourscoir tuo yeirs And that I the said mr John 
Buchane as commone procurator of the said Kings colledg for my- 
selff and in name of the remanent masters and members therof have 
receaved in my custodie the particular writts and evidents vnder- 
writtine relative to the legacies abovementioned . . . Therfore 
witt ye me the said mr John Buchane as commone procurator 
forsaid to be bund and oblidgit and be the tenor heirof with 
consent of the masters and members of the said Kings colledg 
I bind and oblidge myselff as commone procurator forsaid and my 
successors commone procurators in the said Kings colledg to make 
the forsaids writs and evidents so receaved be me and in my 
custodie as is abovewrittine furthcommand to the masters and 
members of the said colledg ijiarischall of Aberdein and master of 
hospitall of old Aberdein and ther successors according to their 
respective interests therintill at all occasiones when they sail, have 
to doe therwith the same being nowayes prejudiciall to the masters 
and members of the said Kings colledg ther interest and concerne 
in the same ... In witness wherof (writtine be M"" Alex"" Thomsone 
writter in Aberdein) wee have subscriuit thir presents with our 
hands att the said Kings colledg of Aberdein the day 

of J'"vj^ fourscoir tuo yeirs 

[Signed] Jo. Buchan comun. pror. 

M"^ Al. Middleton consents 
M"" R. Forbes consents 
Geo. Middleton sub prin' 
M"" P. Gordon h. 1. p. 
Geo. Fraser consents 

From the original obligation in Mar. Coll. Charter Room, "Bursaries," 
xvii. i.t 

* Printed in Fasti Aberdonenses, p. 183. 

t See also a mass of writs relating to this Mortification in King's Coll. Ch. Room, Old 
Shuttle xlv. It appears from the Discharge referred to that the sum of 1000 pounds Scots was 
paid by the Masters of both Colleges to James Chrystie in consideration of his renouncing 



326 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1684. 

LXVII. 

Patrick Chrystie mortifies a house to the College for the use of the said College and 
the maintenance of the building, i-jth March, 1684. 

In Dei nomine amen Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum 
cunctis pateat. . . . Quod anno a Christo nato millesimo sexcentesimo 
octuagesimo quarto mensis vero Martij die decimo octavo. ... In 
mej notarij publici et testium subscriptorum presentium personaliter 
comparuit Gulielmus Livingstoun mercator burgensis burgi de Aberdein 
procurator et eo nomine Patricij Crystie senioris mercatoris ejusdem 
hereditarij proprietarij domus cum pertinentiis ejusdem infrascriptae 
(De cujus procuratoris mandato per literas dispositionis procuratorium 
resignationis in se continentes per ilium in favorem magistri Roberti 
Paterson Primarij Collegij Mariscallani Aberdonensis et magistri 
Alexandri Litster Communis procuratoris dicti Collegij eorumque 
successorum pro usu infra mentionato De data decimo septimo ejusdem 
mensis Martij factas dictas et subscriptas coram Ballivo testibus et me 
notario public<i subscripto exhibitas lectas et intellectas lucide constabat) 
Et accessit ad personalem presentiam Honorabilis Viri Georgij Leslie 
Vnius ballivorum dicti Burgi Et ibidem . . . Totam et integram illam 
domum subtus et supra cum pertinentiis in Australi gabulo tenementi 

all claims on the sums bequeathed by Melvill. The earliest entry relative to the Mortifi- 
cation occurs in the College Procurator)/ Accounts for 1682-3, where it appears that a 
bursar, Alexander Ritchie, was paid ^20 i8s. 8d. The College seems to have received 
at different times sums amounting to about ;£"2ii sterling. Till the year 1764 there were 
on the foundation occasionally three bursars, sometimes two, but more frequently only 
one ; who received different amounts, the funds being often unproductive, and being 
recovered with difficulty firom the hands in which they were placed. The stock was ex- 
pended in 1740- , partly on new buildings, partly in liquidating debts contracted in con- 
nection with these. It hence came, in common with the stocks of certain other bursaries 
under College management (Adam's, Davidson's, Denoon's, Forbes', Galloway's, Garden's, 
Ramsay's, and Smith's), to be considered as vested in what was known as the Burse Fund, 
the interest being made up partly by rents received for College properties, partly by a 
share of the Bishops' rents. In 1764 the stock, together with such portions of interest as 
had not been paid in bursaries, amounted to about ^305, the annual interest on which, at 
4i per cent., was divided into three bursaries ; later into two. By Ordinance No. 31 (Aber- 
deen No. ii) of the University Commissioners of 1858, the sum of £15 shall in future be 
paid annually to one bursar on behalf of this Mortification. 



1684.] PATRICK CHRYSTIE'S HOUSE. 327 

terrae olim defuncti Nicolai Innes postea defuncti magistri Roberti 
Innes appothecarij per illos et defunctum Nicolaum Arclay personis et in 
modo mentionatis in eorum juribus et securitatibus ejusdem impignorati 
jacentem infra dictum Burgum in via lata vici furcarum et Occidentali 
latere ejusdem inter terram olim dicti defuncti magistri Roberti Innes 
ex Boreali et Orientali partibus et communes vias regias ex Australi 
et Occidentali partibus In manibus dicti Balivi tanquam in manibus 
immediati superioris ejus per denarium de Vttoll sursum reddidit. . . . 
Ad dandam sasinam ejusdem dictis magistris Roberto Paterson et 
Alexandro Litster . . . pro usu dicti collegij et sustentatione edeficij 
ejusdem ... 
Ita est . . . 

[sic subscr.] Al Robertson 

From the Burgh Register of Sasines, Vol. xlix., f. 248.* 



LXVIIo. 

Abstract of foregoing Instrument. 

On 1 8th March, 1684, compeared William Livingstoun, merchant, burgess 
of Aberdeen, procurator for Patrick Chrystie, elder, merchant, and (in virtue of a 
procuratory of resignation, dated 1 7th October) resigned into the hands of Baillie 
George Leslie, for infeftment to Mr. Robert Paterson, Principal, and Mr. Alex- 
ander Litster, Regent and Common Procurator of Marischal College, and their 
successors, a house in the S. corner of a tenement of land formerly belonging to 
the late Nicholas Innes, afterwards to the late Mr. Robert Innes, apothecary, 
and lying on the W. side in the Broadgate of Gallowgate, between the land 
formerly belonging to the said Mr. Robert Innes on the N. and E., and 
the King's high ways on the S. and W. — for the use of the said College and 
the maintenance of its buildings. The grant of infeftment certified by Mr. Al. 
Robertson, Notary. 

* This tenement was sold in ten years : — 

lib, s. d. 
" Item from Mistres Cowie for the price of the house sold by the Colledge to 

her and qlk was mortified to the Colledge by Patrick Chrystie 146 13 4 " 

— College Procuratory Accounts, 1693-94. See also Burgh Register of Sasines, Vol. Hi., f. i. 



328 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1685. 

LXVIII. 

William Maine mortifies a tenement to the College toivanls the support of a 
bursar of his own kin, tlie augmentatiofi of the salaries of the Principal 
and Regents, and the reparation of the fabric of the College. y>th 
October, 1685.* 

In Dej nomine amen Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum 
cunctis pateat . . . Quod anno a Christo nato millesimo sexcentesimo 
octuagesimo quinto mensis vero Octobris die penultimo ... In mej 
notarij publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter com- 
paruit Georgius Patton advocatus Aberdonensis procurator et eo 
nomine Gulielmi Maine arcuarij burgensis Burgi de Aberdein heredi- 
tarij proprietarij tenementi terrae infrascripti cum pertinentiis (De 
cujus procuratoris mandato per literas dispositionis procuratorium 
resignationis in se complectentes per ilium in favorem magistri 
Roberti Paterson Primarij Collegij Marischali de Aberdein et magistri 
Roberti Keith vnius regentium et communis procuratoris dicti Collegij 
eorumque successorum [pro usu] infra mentionato De data vigesimo 
nono ejusdem mensis Octobris factas datas et subscriptas coram ballivo 
testibus et me notario publico subscripto exhibitas lectas et intellectas 
lucide constabat) Et accessit ad personalem presentiam honorabilis 
viri Valteri Robertson vnius Ballivorum dicti Burgi Et ibidem . . . 
Totam et Integrum tenementum anterius subtus et supra cum per- 
tinentiis ejusdem jacens infra dictum Burgum in boreali latere vici 
castri ejusdem inter tenementum anterioris olim Gulielmi Robertson 
postea defuncti Andreae Watson lanionis et nunc Jacobi Watson ejus 
filij et Jacobi Colinson vietoris ex Orientali tenementum defuncti 
Thomae Melvill et nunc Valteri Melvill fabri aurarij ejus filij ex 
Occidentali tenementum interius olim defuncti magistri Vedasti Low- 
son postea Jacobi Smith junioris et nunc Gulielmi Smith ejus filij 
ex Boreali et communem viam Regiam ex Australi partibus Quod 
tenementum per dictum Gulielmum Maine a Sessione ecclesise dicti 
Burgi fuit acquisitum In manibus dicti Balivi tanquam in manibus 

•On 29th October, 1684, "William Main, Bouer, burges of Abd.," produced a 
presentation from George, eighth Earl Marischal, to be Janitor in the College, and 
having given the oath de fideli administratione, was duly admitted (Minute signed by 
Principal Paterson in the " Buik of Register "). In 1697 he is designated Sacrist. 



1685.] WILLIAM MAINE'S HOUSE. 329 

immediati superioris ejusdem per denarium de vttoll sursum reddidit 

... Ad dandam sasinam . . . ejusdem dictis magistris Roberto 

Paterson et Roberto Keith . . . pro usibus et intentibus et sub 

declarationibus provisionibus et conditionibus infra mentionatis prout 

in vulgari sequitur viz ''That fourtie punds Scots money of the 

yeirlie frie rent of the said tenement or of the yeirHe annual rent of 

the money for which it suld be sold suld be given by the saids 

masters and members of the said Colledge yeirlie for the mantinance 

and educatione of ane burssar in the said Marshall Colledge being 

of the kinred blood and relatione of the said William Maine and 

who suld be found qualified be the Rector principall and regents of 

the said Colledge and presentit be them to the said burs in all tyme 

comeing and the superplus (attour the said fourtie pund money for- 

said destinat for the mantinance and educatione of the said burssar) 

of the yeirlie frie rent of the said hous or yeirlie annuall rent of the 

money for which the same suld be sold To be employit and bestowit 

yeirlie the tuo pairt thairof to the Principall and Regents of the 

said Colledge for thair owne proper vsses And the thrid pairt of 

the same for the mantinance and reparatione of the fabrick and 

edefice of the same College And in cace that non of the kinred 

and relations of the said W"" Maine doe put in for and desyre the 

said burs or (giving in thairfor) be not found qualified thairfor Then 

and in that cace that the haill yeirlie frie rent of the said tenement 

or the haill annuall rent of the money for which it suld be sold be 

wholie and fullie imployit and bestowit conforme to the devision 

and destinatione aboue and efter mentionat viz ane thrid pairt 

thairof to be applyit for the mantinance and reparatione of the 

same Colledge And the vther tuo pairts of the same to be vsit 

and disponit vpon be the said principall and regents for thair oune 

proper behooffs and interests And that yeirlie and ilk yeir during 

the vaccance of the said burs and ay and whill it be filled with ane 

of the relations of the said W™ Maine being found qualified and 

presentit as said is " . . . 

Ita est . . . 

[sic subscr,] M'^ A. Robertson N.P. 

From the Burgh Register of Sastnes, Vol. 1., f. 25.* 

* This tenement does not seem to have been a source of much revenue, and there 

TT 



330 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1685. 

LXVIIIa. 

Abstract of foregoing Instrument. 

On 30th October, 1685, compeared George Patton, advocate, procurator 
for William Maine, bowman, burgess of Aberdeen, and (by virtue of a pro- 
curatory of resignation, dated 29th October) resigned into the hands of Baillie 
Walter Robertson, for infeftment to Mr. Robert Paterson, Principal, and Mr. 
Robert Keith, Regent and Common Procurator of Marischal College, and 
their successors, a forehouse on the north side of the Castlegate, between 
the forehouse formerly belonging to William Robertson, afterwards to the late 
Andrew Watson, butcher, now to James Watson, his son, and James Colinson, 
cooper, on the E. ; a tenement belonging to the late Thomas Melvill, and 
now to his son Walter Melvill, goldsmith, on the W. ; a backhouse formerly 
belonging to the late Mr. Vedast Lowson, afterwards to James Smith, junior, 
and now to William Smith, his son, on the N. ; and the King's highway on 
the S. — which forehouse had been acquired by William Maine from the Kirk 
Session of Aberdeen — for the uses above specified. The granting of infeftment 
certified by Mr. A. Robertson, notary public. 

LXIX. 

The Scots Parliament assign to the Universities, dfc, the stipends of vacant 
kirks for five years Jrom 1685. 22nd May, 1685. 

Our Soveraigne Lord with consent of the Estates of Parlia- 
ment Statuts and Declares that the Vacand Stipends of all churches 
in time coming shall be Imployed on pious uses within the respective 
parochins by the patron and more particularly for the building and 
repairing of Bridges Repairing of Churches or entertainment of the 
poor as the patron shall determin yearly and if he fails therin he shall 
lose his Right of presentation for the next vice. It is allways pro- 
vyded that the Vacant Stipends in the Diocesses of St Andrews 

is no record of any bursar having been appointed on this foundation. The College 

Procuratory Accounts of 1704-5 contain the following entry : — 

"From Robert Gordone Cardmaker as the price of the house mortified lib. s. d. 
to the College by William Main late Janitor and sold by the 
Masters because the great Expenses of Reparations had occa- 
siond the Contracting of Considerable Debt after clearing of 
which the College is to stand Debitor to the Mortificatione for 
the superplus of the price which in all was 800 o o ' 

See also the Burgh Register of Sasincs, Vol. liii., ff. 137b, 141b. 



1685.] GEORGE KEITH'S ENDOWMENT. 33 1 

Edinburgh Dunkeld Dumblane and Brechin for fyve yeares shall 
be Employed for repairing of the Gair Bridge Crawmond Bridge 
and Newlistown Bridge and for the use of the University of St 
Andrews The vacant Stipends of the Diocesses of Glasgow and 
Galloway for the same number of yeares to the use of the Colledge 
of Glasgow and these vacant stipends within the Diocess of Aber- 
deen and Diocesses benorth the samen for the use of the old 
and new Colledges of Aberdeen and Reparing of the Bridges within 
these Diocesses Excepting the vacancies of the Diocess of Orknay 
(which are hereby ordained to be applyed for reparation of the 
Cathedral Church of Kirkwall during the said fyve years) And that 
at the determination and appointment of such persons as shall be 
nominat by the Privy Council for overseeing therof Which fyve 
yeares aforsaid shall commence from this present year 1685 ^^^ 
so continue Consecutively during the said Space And His Majesty 
with consent forsaid Declares that after expyring of these fyve 
yeares The vacant Stipends doe belong to the patrons to be Im- 
ployed by them for pious uses within the respective parochins aforsaid 
But prejudice allways of the maintinance of the ministers manse 
during the time of the vacancy out of the first and rediest of the 
Vacand Stipend Conform to former acts of Parliament and that not 
only during the said fyve yeares but in all time Coming It is 
allways hereby declared that the act is not to be extended to the 
vacancies of these Churches wherof the Kings Majesty is patron 
nor to mensal and patrimonial Churches belonging to Bishops 

From the Ads of the Parliaments of Scotland^ Vol. viii. (1820), 
p. 474, c. 22. 

LXX. 

George Keith of Zentush, by his last will and testament, bequeaths the sum of two 
thousand merks Scots to the College to help to educate two bursars. 6th 
June, 1685.* 

Be it knowen to all men by these present Letters Us Master 
Robert Patersone Principall of the Colledge Marischall of Aberdeen Mr 

* " Tacendus non est Georgius Keith a Lentush, qui exinde uberem saeculis futuris 
carpet laudum segetem , quod, ex divitiarum, quas congesserat cumulo, duo mercarum 
millia, totidem Philosophic^ alumnis donaverit ; munificentia sua in Academiam Maris- 
challanam, se genuinam fuissc Kethorum propaginem testatus." (Smith's Oratio, p. 29.) 



332 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1685. 

George Peacock Mr James Moir Mr Alexander Moir and Mr William 
Smith Regents of the said Colledge Forsomeikle as upon the tenth 
day of March J'"vj'= eightie eight years I the said M' James Moir 
then Common procurator of the said Colledge obtaint decreit at my 
instance before the Comissars of Aberdeen against Mr Robert Keith 
of Lentush executer testamentar nominate and confirmed to the deceist 
George Keith of Lentush his Uncle who deceast upon the sexth 
day of June J'^vj'^ eightie fyve years befor Whitsunday the said 
year Decerneing and ordaining the said Mr Robert Keith as executer 
testamentar confirmed to the said George Keith his Uncle to pay 
and delyver to me the said Mr James Moir as then comon procurator 
forsaid the soume of Two Thousand merks Scots money left in legacie 
be the said defunct to the said Colledge for helping to educat two 
bursars thereat conforme to his latter will and testament of the date 
the sexth day of June J'"yj<= eightie fyve years confirmed be the said 
Mr Robert Keith before the Comissar of Aberdeen upon the last day 
of June J'"vj'= eightie fyve years Together with the ordinar annuallrent 
and profeit of the said principall soume resting awing since the said 
terme of Whitsunday J'^vj*^ eightie fyve years (which was the next 
terme after the deceiss of the said George Keith he having departed 
this life upon the said sexth day of June and year forsaid) and in tyme 
comeing during the not payment of the same As the said decreit 
of the date forsaid at more length bears Wherupon I the said M"" 
James Moir as comon procurator forsaid raist and execute Letters of 
Inhibitione horneing and captione against the said M"^ Robert Keith 
LiKEAs upon the seventeenth day of January One thousand seven 
hundreth years Sir James Stewart her maiesties Advocat and Wee 
the saids Mr Robert Paterson Mr George Peacock Mr James and 
Mr Alex*^ Moirs and Mr William Smith obtaint ane decreit of 
certificatione at our instance befor the Lords of Counsall and 
Sessione against the said M"" Robert Keith and Doctor Patrick 
Chalmers Doctor of Medicine in Aberdeen Reducing retreating 
rescinding casseing annulling and improveing the two dispositiones 
made and granted be the said M"" Robert Keith to the said D' 
Patrick Chalmers of the lands and barony of Fodderet and Lonmay 
and Lentush with the charters and sasines following theron be 
virtue of the inhibitione raist upon the forsaid decreit against the 



1685.] GEORGE KEITH'S ENDOWMENT. 333 

said M' Robert Keith As in the said decreit of certificatione of the 
date forsaid at more length is containt And sicklike upon the 
third day of July J'"vij'= and seven years Wee obtaint decreit of 
adjudicatione at our instance befor the Lords of Counsell and Sessione 
against the said M*" Robert Keith of Lentush Wherby the saids 
Lords Adjudged decerned and declaired All and Haill the lands 
and barony of Fodderet and Lonmay and the lands of Lentush 
with the housses biggings yeards orchyeards woods and teinds 
of the saids lands both parsonadge and viccaradge with the haill 
parts pendicles and pertinents of the saids lands pertaining to the 
said M*" Robert Keith lyeing within the parochines of Old Deer 
Newdeer Streichen Lonmay and Rain respective and shirrefdomes of 
Banff and Aberdeen As also all and haill that tenement of land 
back and fore under and above with the yeard draw wall and office 
housses or stable in the said yeard with the haill pertinents and 
priviledges thereof lyeing and bounded as followes viz The highway 
that leads down the north back syde of the Cannongate of Ed"" on 
the north the tenement of land now pertaining to Walter Listoun 
baxter burges of the Canongate and now of Cochran on the 

south the tenement and closs of umquhill Laurence Ord Coachkeeper 
on the west and the Chapell near the Watergate at the 

foott of the Cannongate at the east parts Lyeing within the said 
burgh of the Cannongate and shirrefdome of Ed'" And Also a 
tenement of land in Aberdeen latelie possest be John Burnet alias 
Durris merchant in Aberdeen on the north syde of the street near 
to the tolbooth betuixt the land of William Reid Taylior in the 
west and M"^ James Irvine and John Cuthbert to the east and Charles 
Main Clubmaker to the South with the yeards and well therof adjacent 
therto togither with the teinds parsonadge and viccaradge of the 
haill lands and others above specifiet To pertain and belong to ws 
and our successors in office heretablie for payment and satisfactione to 
ws of the forsaid principall soume of Two Thousand merks money 
forsaid with the annuallrents therof Extending in the haill at the date 
therof to the Soume of One Thousand fyve hundreth and twentie 
punds Scots money salvo justo calculo by and attour the Compositione 
due to the Superiors and expenssis of the infeftment to follow therupon 
And also in payment and satisfactione to ws and our forsaids of the 



334 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1685. 

annuallrent of the said accumulat Soume from the date of the said 
decreit of adjudicatione And yearlie and termlie in all tyme therafter 
during the not redemptione therof As the said decreit of adjudicatione 
of the date forsaid more fullie proports Of which decreit of adjudicatione 
ther is an abbreviat signed be Sir Robert Dundass of Arnieston one 
of the Senators of the Colledge of Justice pronuncer therof As the 
said abbreviat recorded in the register of abbreviats of adjudicationes 
upon the fyfteenth day of August J'"vij'^ and seven years at more 
length doeth specifie And sicklike be vertue of the said decreit 
of adjudicatione and abbreviat therof Wee obtaint decreit at 
our instance befor the shirreff of Abd and his deputs upon 
the seventh day of Aprill J"vij*= and eight years against 
Margaret Gordon relict of the deceist Mr Alexander Clerk in Lentush 
John Cruickshank in Litlepleugh of Lentush James Taylior in Len- 
tush William Blyth in Hornfield of Lentush James Lamb ther 
James Blyth in Lentush and William Anderson ther present occupiers 
and possessors of the forsaids lands of Lentush with the pertinents 
Decerning and ordaining them and ilk ane of them to pay and 
delyver to us and our successors in office the soume of seven merks 
Scots money as the price of ilk boll of Threttie two bolls of victuall 
meall bear or malt and Two hundreth merks of money as the maill 
and dutie of ilk ane of the forenamed persones their respective occupa- 
tiones of the forsaids lands of Lentush with the pertinents and that 
yearlie and ilk year the cropts and years of God J^vij'^ and seven 
and J"»vij'^ and eight years and yearlie in all tyme therafter during 
their possessiones therof (the termes of payment of the same being 
alwayes first come and bygone) As the said decreit of the date 
forsaid with horneing raist theron at more length doeth mentione 
And seeing the said Dr Patrick Chalmers hath payed and delyvered 
to ws ane certain soume of money for granthig of thir presents 
Wherof wee hold ourselves weell content satisfied and payed and 
discharge him therof renunceing the exceptione of not numerat money 
and all other objectiones of the Law whatsomever that may be 
proponed or alleadged in the contrair Therfore Witt ye ws the 
saids Master Robert Patersone M"" George Peacock Mr James and 
M"" Alexander Moirs and M"" William Smith To have made con- 
stitute and ordained And be the tenor hereof for ws and our successors 



1685.] GEORGE KEITH'S ENDOWMENT. ' 335 

in our respective offices above mentioned Make constitute and ordain 
the said Doctor Patrick Chalmers his airs executers and assigneyes 
our very lawfull undoubted and irrevocable cessioners assigneyes and 
donators Veluti in rem suam cum dispositione libera In and to the 
forsaid decreit of adjudicatione . . . With the soumes of money 
. . . therin containt and abbreviat therof ... in and to the forsaid 
decreit obtaint . . . befor the said Comissar of Aberdeen with the 
letters of inhibitione ... in and to the forsaid decreit of certifica- 
tione ... in and to the forsaid decreit obtaint . . . against the 
saids tenents of Lentush . . . and horneing raist theron . . . And 
in and to the maills fermes keanes customes casualities profeits 
and duties of the lands baronies tenements teinds and others above 
exprest . . . And also Wee be the thir presents for ws and our 
successors forsaids sell annallie and dispone to and in favors of the 
said D*" Patrick Chalmers and his forsaids All right and title what- 
somever which we have or may pretend to have be vertue of the 
forsaid decreit of adjudicatione grounds and warrands therof and all 
that hes followed or may follow therupon any manner of way In 
and to the lands baronies tenements teinds and others abovementioned 
adjudged in manner above set doune . . . 

In witnes wherof (Written be Alexander Gordon Servitor to 
Alex"^ Thomsone Toune Clerk of Aberdeen) Wee have subscryved 
thir presents with our hands at the day 

of One thousand seven hundreth and Eight years Befor 

thir witnessis 

[Not signed] 

From the draft disposition and assignation in the Mar. Coll. Charter 

Chest.* 

* The following entries are found in the Procuratory Accounts: — 
" 1708-og From Dr Patrick Chalmers in part of Bill due to the lib. s. d. 
College 066 13 4 

1709-10 By Dr Patrick Chalmers in full payment of his Bill due 
to the College on account of Expences of Lentush 
his mortification being 272 lib. 4 s. 8 d. 205 11 4 

As also half a year's annualrent and Expences 680 

By said Dr Chalmers payed four hundred pounds of the 
principall sowm of Lentush his mortification which 
I received from Sir James Elphinston 400 00 o 

Also half a years annualrent from Martimas 1709 11 00 o 









lib. 


5. 


d. 


lib. 


s. 


d. 


40 


00 





133 


06 


8 








293 


06 


8 









336 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1685. 



1709-10 Paid to two bursars 

1710-11 Received by Dr Chalmers his bill on Burntbrae 
By Dr Chalmers his other bill on Burntbrae 
Paid to two bursars * 40 00 o 

1711-12 Received from Dr Chalmers 67 00 o 

Paid to two bursars 40 00 o 

Nota. This mortification is resting to the Colledge all the 
expenses bestowed on severall processes concerning it and 
not recovered from Doctor Chalmers 
1712-13 Received from Dr Chalmers in part of what he was for 

Lentush his Mortification 118 15 4 

And he was resting at Mertimes, 1713 407 lib 07 s 8 d 

Paid to two bursars 73 6 8 

1713-14 Paid to the Regents for their proportion of what was 

due by the Decreet against Dr Chalmers 90 00 o 

Paid to two bursars 73 06 8 

1714-15 From Dr Chalmers in part of his bond for Lentush's 

Mortification 65 14 o 

Paid to two bursars 70 00 o 

Paid for writing a Disporiition to Dr Chalmers of adjudi- 
cation and other writs 3 00 o " 

For Sessions 1715-16 and 1716-17 there are no Accounts {supra, p. 65, note), and from 
1717-18 onwards no mention is found of this mortification. 



1 688.] JOHN turner's bursaries. 337 

LXXI. 

John. Turner^ merchant in Danizic, by his last will and testament^ bequeaths, 
inter alia, an annuity of four hundred merks for the maintenance of 
four bursars. I'jth January, 1688,* 

Whereas daily Experience teacheth us that nothing is more 
certane to us than death but the hour thereof uncertane therefor 
I John Turner now liveing in the City of Dantzig considering my 
Mortality and willing that the Estate God hes been pleased out of 
his goodnes to bestow on me may be left in good order after my 
death May be distributed and disposed of according to the intentione 
of my heart I doe heirby mak knowne to all men whom it may 
concerne That this my last will and Testament All Testaments 

* " Prolixe hie commemorandus Johannes Turnerus Mercator Dantiscanus : Qui a 
teneris annis, Natali relicto solo, ut liberior vivaci ipsius animae, pateret activitatis 
sphaera, se contulit Dantiscum, urbem multis nominibus ter celebrem, totius Prussiae Regalis 
caput, universae Poloniae atque exterorum granarium ; Emporium maris Baltici, quo non 
aliud datur nobilius : Urbem non tantum antiquam, amplam, munitam et divitem, sed 
Abredoniae nostrae semper peramicam et charam, Nostrisque Musis munificentissimam ; 
hue inquam se contulit perspicax Turnerus, 

Sedes ubi Fata beatas 

Dederunt. 

" Hie verd per multorum annorum curriculum, se virtutibus, ad maximum famae 
fastigium evexit, et prudentiS, fide, temperantijl, et laudabili industriS, ingentem pecuniae 
comparavit Thesaurum, quumque caelibem ac castam ageret vitam, divitias suas honest- 
issime partas prudentissime collocavit : Nam praeter amplam satis, in Patria institutam 
Familiam, quam voluit Nomen Sutim, ad posteros transmittere ; et immensas pluribus 
Cognatis, et Amicis factas legationes ; quatuor Academiae alumnis, quos opulenter alit, et 
liberaliter instituit ; aedibus Academicis, aliisque Abredoniae piis usibus, circiter viginti 
quatuor mercarum millia consecravit. En praeclarum Literarum fautorem ! Cogitate 
quaso A. A. quos I lie exantlarit labores, quas pertulerit molestias, quot susceperit itinera, 
et quanta devorarit taedia, ut, non Sibi, sed generi humano prodesset : De stirpe propa- 
ganda parum solicitus, patrem se egenis praestitit, Musisque in libera adoptavit. Turnero 
sane, ut merita postulant, digne celebrando, disertiore opus Lingua, quam mea esse possit, 
et Oratione, quam nostra esse debeat, prolixiore ; nam praefiniti temporis angustia, con- 
trahenda esse vela monet," (Smith's Oratio, p. 29.) 

The Heraldic Ceiling showed Turner's arms as. Quarterly : i and 4, Azure, a 
Katherine wheel argent; 2 and 3, Or, three guttes de sang proper. On the "broad" 
the same bearings appeared, but with the fields respectively sable and argent, in which 
form they were recorded, 1672-8, by Sir James Turnett (Mackenzie, 54, 68 ; Nisbet, i. 
438 ; Stodart, ii. 273). See the last reference for some account of Turner's family. 

UU 



338 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1688. 

made and writen be me before this date shall be of noe value I doe 
heirwith discharge and annull all of them This now only to stand 
in force writen and subscrived with my own hand in good health 
and good memorie blissed be God in presence of the subscrived 
witnessis To the executors whereof I ordain coniunctlie and seuerallie 
for the kingdome of Scotland The Right Honorable Sir George 
Skeen of Fintray and my Cousine Master Alexander Litster Regent 
in Marischalls Colledge as also my Cousine William Turner sone 
to the deceast John Turner who somtym lived at the Kirktowne of 
Birss And my troustie and well beloved frinds liveing in Dantzig 
namely William Broune Patrick Forbes William Lumsden merchants 
humblie and respectively intreateing them to cause after my death 
publish take care of and manage this my latter will and Testament 
untill the samen be truly and punctually fulfilled And that all points 
and orders therin contained be exactly and fully performed and 
Executed In the first place I ordaine that so much of my estate 
be invested on a purchass of lands in this kingdom of Scotland as 
may render fiftie chaulders victuall yeirly rent And those lands only 
to hold blensh from the Kings most Excellent Majesty To which 
lands I ordaine and declare by virtue of this my Testament my aire and 
successor Robert Turner lauchfull sone to the deceast Androw Turner 
somtyme dwelling in Kinminitie in the parioch of Birss at present 
he is liveing at Aberdein at Schools besyde my Cousine Mr Alexander 
Litster Regent and his Tutor appointed be me dureing the tyme of 
his minoritie That is God willing till he be compleat twentie four 
yeirs If it please God to call him from this Mortall lyfe without lauch- 
full begottin maill heirs of his oun bodie I ordain to be his successor 
and aire to his lands John Turner sone to William Turner dwelling 
at present in Aboyne And in ther maill familie the successione to 
continow no\V and at all tymes noe femall to succeed And whoever 
in the order foresaid falls to be aire and successor of these lands 
they shall be strickly bound and obliged be the law fathullie and 
duely to performe all the points and orders heirafter mentioned 
And out of the yeirly rents to pay the following Legacies vnder the 
penaltie of loseing his right of heritage And the next lawfull successor 
of the name of Turner may take possession and enter to the Estate 
as if the former wer dead First of all my aires and successors shall 



l688.] JOHN TURNER'S BURSARIES. 339 

not have power to sell wodsett pawne or burthen the saids lands with 
debt or any maner of way It may have what name it will but the 
saids lands in all time comeing to continow in the same free Estate 
and conditione as it hes been entred at first after my death Ther- 
for I desyre that on all occasions this may be made publictly knowne 
to all men that the saids lands cannot be sold nor burthened with 
debt so that no man may have cause to complaine that they came 
to lose by ignorance Second the lands houssis orchards gardens 
parks or what else aither for decorment or profeit belongs to this 
lands shall be keeped in good order at all tymes alwayes to be 
bettered and amended If they be negligent in repareing and up- 
holding all what is abovewriten if they be complained of befor 
the Judge by these of the name of Turner and be found faultie 
they shall be obliged to build and repaire for the halfe of the rent 
for a yeir this to be exacted so oft as they shall be found faultie 
Third they shall not highten ther tennants rents nether put them 
out of the lands so long as they pay duelie what they are adebted 
be Contract conditionalie they be bound and obliged yearly to plante 
ane oake or firr or some comodius tree in convenient place that 
may serve for present decorment to the lands and in tyme comeing 
may be vsefuU to ther Master for buildeing Fourthly my aires 
and Successors shall be bound and obliged yeirly to be paid out 
of the saids lands the foloweing legacies the one halfe meall according 
to the prycis current in the mercat of Aberdein and the vther halfe 
of mony Fifthly they shall be bound and obliged when it shall 
please God to send ane qualified scholar of the name of Turner to 
be Regent aither in the Kings Colledge in the old towne or Marishall 
Colledge in the new towne of Abd to pay him yeirly two hundreth 
marks this to continow from tym to tyme this only to be paid to 
the name of Turner* And lykwise two young children of the same 
name to be taken from ther parents at the age of nyne yeirs to be 
put to the schoolls and keeped dilligently att them to fyfteen yeirs of 
age To be paid yeirly for them Two hundreth marks that is for ther 
dyet cloaths and learneing Sixthly to the mantinance of four schoal- 
lers at Marishalls Colledge to every on yeirly one hundreth marks 
of this four the honorable Magistrats and Counsell of Aberdein shall 

* This has never been claimed. 



34^ MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1688. 

have the presentatione of two And two to be presented be my aires 
and successors whom they shall please conditionaly they be of 
honest parrents lauchfullie begottin decayed and not able to mantaine 
them at the Colledge non to be admitted until they be tryed be the 
Ministers and professors that they be found to be capable of learning 
Seaventhly to be payed yeirly tuo hundreth marks to decayed 
honest burgessis of Aberdein or to ther widows to be destribute to 
them according to the Magistrats and Counsells directione with consent 
of my aires and successors to everie thing mortified it be by them 
aprobat Eighthly to be payed yeirly for mantinance of two decayed 
burgessis to live in the Towns Hospitall To everie ane of them ane 
hundreth marks and for mantinance of two burges craftsmen in the 
trads Hospital seventie fyve marks to every on of them all these 
premisses I desyre to be punctually observed in all tymes comeing 
and by law to be established . . .* this now only to stand in force 
as my last will and testament writen and wnderwriten with my 
hand in good health and good memorie (blissed be God) before thir 
witnessis namely Patrick Forbes and William Lumsden merchants 
and Indwellers in the City of Dantzig The seventeenth day of 
Januarie J'^vj*^ four score eight years Sic subscr John Turner with 
my hand sealld Patrick Forbes witnes William Lumsdean witnes 

From a copy entered in the Book of the Mortificationes of the burgh 
off aberdein, Vol. i., p. io6.t 

* Here follow bequests to the testator's cousin, Alexander Litster, Regent, his sisters 
and their children ; another cousin, Alexander, son to Mr. David Lindsay ; another cousin, 
William Turner, Aboyne, and his son John ; the sisters and children of the late Andrew 
Turner, Kinminity, the eldest son John succeeding to Kinminity, and the fourth son Robert 
being the testator's heir as above ; William, brother to John Turner, Poland ; the Scots Cor- 
poration in London ; the testator's cousin, John Turner, merchant in Poland ; *' my gossip " 
William Lumsden, Peter Dunbar's widow, Mr. Smert's widow, Mr. Thore's daughters " three 
maidens," the Scots School, Saint Elizabeth's Hospital, and the " Pocken house," all in 
Dantzig. 

+ The lands purchased by the executors were those formerly called Rosehill in the 
parish of Ellon, thenceforward known under the name of Turnerhall. In the Town House 
Charter Room " Mortifications for Bursars," M* 12, is an Extract Contract between the 
Provost, &c., on the one part, and Robert, heir of John Turner, on the other part, stipulating, 
inter alia, that the said Robert and his heirs shall present two Bursars, and the Town 
Council two : dated 14th November, 1700 ; recorded in Sheriff Court Books, ist September, 
1704. See also entry under date 8th April, 1696, in Town Council Register, Ivii. 512. 



169I.] ALEXANDER ADAM'S BURSARIES. 34I 

LXXII. 

Alexander Adam, Doctor of Medicine, of Anstruther Wester, mortifies to the 
Principal, Masters, and Regents of the Marischal College, certain crofts 
of land for the maintenance of two bursars in philosophy, of his or his 
wife's kindred, or of the names of Adam, Davidson, or Simpson. 10th 
August, 1 69 1. 

Be it kend till all men by thes present Me Master Alexander 
Adame Doctor of Medicine and att the tyme Inhabitant In Anstruther 
Wester in the shire of fife In the Kingdome of Scotland Heritable 
proprieter of the Lands and houses afterspecified Forsoemeikle as 
by Contract of Marriage Past betwixt me on the on part and Jean 
Davidsone lawfull daughter to the deceast M"^ Alexander Davidsone 
of Newtone on the other part of the date the twentieth and sixt day 
of October in the year on thousand six hundred and eightie six 
yeares In contemplatione of the which marriage The said Jeane 
Davidsone did sell and dispone to and in favoures of the said 
D'' Alexander Adam his heires and Assigneys whatsomever All and 
haill that croft of land called Adiepingle lying in the West territories 
of the said Crofts of Abirdein betwixt the Crofts of the heires of 
umqhill Gilbert Gray att the Southe The Croft of the heires of 
the deceist John Donaldson att the North The King's Comon way 
at the East and the Crooked Myre at the West Item another Croft 
of land towitt the long Rigg lyand betwixt the Croft of the heires 
of the deceast Alexander Kemp att the South the Croft of the New 
Colledg of the said burghe att the North and the King's Comon way 
att the East and the said Crooked Myre at the West Item another 
Croft lyand in the North territories of the Crofts of the said burghe 
under the Great balke called the Longe Rigge Betweene the Crofts 
sometime of Mr John Irvine And now of Alexander Burnett att the 
South the King's Comon way at the West the Croft of the aires of 

The four bursaries of 100 merks {£^ us. i^d.) continued to be paid (see College Minutes, 
30th January, 1747), the Magistrates and the proprietor of Turnerhall presenting alternately, 
until the union of the Universities. By Ordinance No. 51 (Aberdeen No. 31) of the 
University Commissioners of 1858, the bursaries are in future to be one of £11 2S. pre- 
sented to by the Magistrates, and one of equal amount presented to by the founder's 
heirs. 



342 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1691. 

umqhill Duncan Donaldson att the North and futties myre att the 
East Item Another Croft lyand att the Sickhouse betwixt the Croft 
of the deceast Mariorie Umphry now belonging to the Kinges Colledg 
att the South the Croft of the deceast John Weire thereafter the 
deceast John Leith And now the aires of Patrick Jacke att the North 
The King's Comon way at the East And the Calsie myre att the 
West Item another Croft lyand at the Spitthill Betwixt the croft 
of the heires of the said Patrick Jacke at the South the Spittehill 
att the North the Kings higheway att the East and the said Calsie 
mire at the West Item of Another Croft of land called fill the 
Cupp lyand in the North territories of the Crofts of Abirdeine Neare 
the thiefs Brigges betwixt the Croft of umqhill David Man And now 
of Alexander Burnett att the South and East parts The Croft som- 
tyme of the Preaching fryers att the North And the King's Comon 
way att the West Item that Barne with the yard and taile of land 
thereto belonging lyand in the said burghe in the West side of the 
Gallowgate thereofe betwixt the saids of the aires of umqhill 
Irvine at the South now [sic] the aires of James Webster and Now 
of Inhabitant ther the land of the aires Gray 

And M"^ William Moore att the North the Comon Loche of the said 
burgh att the West and the Kinges Highway at the East Item 
Another Barne and Yard with the Pertinents lying att the North 
side of the Castigate of the said burgh of Abirdeine Betwixt the 
land of Alexander Cuming att the East the lands of George Ferguson 
att the West and the lands of att the South The Kings 

Comon way att the North And sicklike all and haill that Tenement 
of Land foreland under and above with the pertinents thereof some- 
time pertaining to the deceast Andrew Skein Merchant in Aberdeine 
lying in the east side of the Broadgate of the Gallowgate of Aber- 
deine as the samen is presently possest by George Keith Advocate in 
Aberdeine conforme to my Infeftment of the samen of all the which 
foresaid lands I am Infeft and Seized And Now for the Love and 
Favour which I have and Beare unto the Glory of God Advance of 
pietie and learning Witt ye me (under the Reservationes and Re- 
strictiones afterspecified) For certain onerous Causses to have Sold 
Assigned and Disponed And be these presents Sells Assignes and 
Dispones To and In Favoures of the Universitie of Aberdeine the 



169I.] ALEXANDER ADAM'S BURSARIES. 343 

Masters and their Successors And to the Marishall Colledg of new 
Aberdeine and to the Hospitall of old Aberdeine and unto the 
Hospitall of new Aberdeine comonly called the Trades Hospitall For 
the maintainance of a bursar in each of the said colledges and of a 
headman in the said hospitalls allowing fourtie pounds for each 
bursar by year and twentie pounds to each of the headmen by yeare 
as after limited ... I dispone unto the masters and regents of the 
old toune Colledg * ... As also I the said M'' Alexander D' of 
Medicine sells despones and makes over unto the Principall Masters 
and Regents of the Marischall Colledge of new Aberdeine all thos 
Crofts of land befor named at present occupyed and possessed by 
Alexander Smyth fermourer in Aberdeene lying at the theifes bridges 
with the barne and Corne yard possessed and occupied by the same 
Alexander Smyth lying at the west of the Castlegate of Aberdeene t 
and that for the mantainance of two bursars of philosophy in the 
Colledg of new Aberdeene being of my kindred or of my wifes 
Jeane Davidsones kindred which failing any duely qualified of the 
names of Adame Davidson or Sympsone And that out of the rents 
of the said Crofts they pay or cause to be payd to the trad's Hospitall 
of Aberdeine twentie merks Scotts money for a help to a trads 
headman besides the ordinarie salary of the house to be given to 
any of my kindred or of my wifes Jean Davidsone being in a con- 
ditione standing need of such a suplie which failing to any trades- 
man failed of the name of Adam Davidson or Sympsone . . . And 

* See the Fasti Aberdonenses, p. 195 ; or Deeds of Foundation of Bursaries at the 
University and King's College, p. 37. 

+ Thus described in the Instrument of Sasine (7th September, 1699) : — 
"ToTAM ET iNTEGRAM illam Croftam terrae jacentem in boreali territoris Croftarum 
dicti burgi de Abd (sub magna lira lie great balk) vocatam longam Riggam inter 
Croftam quondam magistri Joannis Irvine et Alexandri Burnet ex australi Communem 
viam Regiam ex occidentali Croftam heredum demortui Duncani Donaldsone ex boreali 
et lie Futtiesymre ex orientali Ac etiam totam et integram illam Croftam terrae vocatam 
lie Fill the cup jacentem in boreali territorio Croftarum dicti burgi prope pontem furum 
jacentem inter Croftam Alexandri Burnet ex australi et orientali partibus Croftam quondam 
fratrum praedicantium ex boreali et communem viam Regiam ex occidentali Nec non 
totum et integrum illud horreum cum horto et pertinentiis jacens in boreali latere vici 
Castri dicti burgi de Aberdein inter terram Alex" Comeing ex orientali terras Georgii 
Fergusone ex occidentali terras ex australi et com- 

munem viam Regiam ex boreali partibus," 



344 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [169I. 

to the effect the principall and Masters of the Marischall Colledg 
may be Infeft in the Crofts riggs lands banie and yard above specifyit 
and Disponed by me to them as now possessed and occupied by 
Alex"" Smyth fermourer in Abd for the mantainance of two Bursars 
of philosophy They not being of the same year and classe butt 
different and they paying twentie merks to the hospitall of the trades 
of new Abd as befor ... I bind and obleidg me to make grant 
and subscrive and deliver to the said persones named afore and their 
foresaid successors and heires full righte of the said crofts and other 
above specified ... In Witness whereof thes presents are written 
and subscrived with my hand att Anstruther Wester upon the tenth 
day of August One Thousand six hundredth and nintie one yeares 
befor thes witnesses Robert Lyell Bailie of the said Burghe M"" James 
Chalmers Schoolmaster there and Johne Wilson and Thomas Mitchell 
and Robert Racker Inhabitants in the said Burghe 

[Sic Subscr] M' A Adame 

James Chalmers witnesse 
Robert Racker witnessis 
Tho. Mitchell witnes 
Jo. Wilsone witnes 

From the original Deed in the Town House Charter Room (Bundle 
1690-99) : registered in the Baillie Court, 7th September, 1699, 
on which day also Sasine was granted and recorded. Burgh 
Register of Sasines, lii., f. 293.* 

* Dr. Adam died 2nd June, 1699 ; and his last will and testament, dated 27th May, 
was confirmed in the Commissary Court on 25th July following (Extract in Mar. Coll. Ch. 
Room, "Bursaries," xviii. i). 

It would seem that the claims of the Colleges were not allowed to pass unchallenged. 
No. 5 in " Bursaries," xviii., is a transcript of what purports to be a Disposition executed by 
Dr. Adam on 22nd August, 1695, conveying his crofts and rigs to his brothers George and 
Andrew Adams, and revoking "ane gratuitus dispositione to the Colledges and hospitals 
of old and new Aberdeen " which he had been " imposed upon in prejudice of my own 
brothers to make for peace saik ". No. 11 is a Decreet of Reduction and Declarator by 
the Lords of Council and Session, on an action " The Queen's [sic] and Mariscall Colledges 
agt Irvine and others," dated 4th June, 1708. From this it appears that George Adam, 
described as advocate in Aberdeen, and brother to Alexander Adam, had, after the latter's 
death, produced a bond for 4000 merks alleged to have been granted, igth September, 
1682, by the said Alexander Adam (therein designed "residenter and preacher of the Gospel 
in the kingdom of England ") to ex-Baillie Walter Robertson (brother-in-law to said George 



l6gi.] ALEXANDER ADAM'S BURSARIES. 345 

Adam) ; and an assignation of the bond to Mr. James Irvine, Sheriff Clerk of Kincardine 
(son-in-law to Robertson). In the pursuer's nleadings it is asserted that George Adam, the 
writer of the bond, " is a man pessimae fidei and was actually depryved from being a pro- 
curator befor the Commissars of Aberdein for severall acts of forgery " ; and that the wit- 
nesses " are two poor fellows who were scarce worth the King's unlaw, Paull Rankine being 
a Sheriff officer who would have subscrived anything for a sixpence, and it can be proven that 
the other witnes, Andrew Adam cordiner could never wryte ". The Lords " fand the bond 
abovementioned null and not probative ". (See also mass of papers relative to this Mortifica- 
tion in King's College Charter Room, Old Shuttle xxxvii., Nos. 13 and 14.) 

In 1724, the College feued " the croft and rig of land and pertinents mortified to the 
said University by the deceasit Dr. Adam " to Patrick Duff of Premnay, for a feuduty of 
;£'8o Scots. The croft is described in the feu charter as " lying near the Theifs bridges 
within the territories of the Burgh of Aberdeen presently possessed by Robert Sandieson 
horsehirer having the road that leads from Justice port to the Links and mouth of the water 
of Don at the West ; the croft belonging to the said College possessed by Alexander Fraser, 
George Robertson, and William Scott, at the North ; the croft belonging to Gilbert Moir 
towards the East and South parts or thereby : with the Rig of land also possessed by the said 
Robert Sandieson lying betwixt the said Road and the stank of Futtiesmyre, having the lands 
of the said Gilbert Moir at the South, and one croft belonging to the Trades of Aberdeen at 
the North : together with that piece of ground belonging to the said Croft, where there was 
formerly a little Barn and small yard which is now all ruined and in decay lying at the 
North side of the Burgh of Aberdeen, betwixt the barn of Alexander Forbes of Locher- 
mick and the barn and cornyard of ". 

The amount of ^6 13s. 4d. sterling still appears in the University Rentals as "Feu 
Duty of Adam's Croft ". It is subject to a payment of £1 2s. 2§d. to the Trades Hospital. 
The account was incorporated with the Burse Fund {supra, p. 326) ; and the balance was 
divided into two bursaries until 1799, when these were united into one. The Commis- 
sioners of Visitation of 1858 conjoined the Adam and Davidson (infra, under date 1706) 
bursaries into one of £10 per annum (Ordinance No. 36, Aberdeen No. 16). 



XX 



346 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. l^^l' 

LXXIII. 

Jibing Wiiliam III. and Queen Mary grant to the Universities of Scotland a yearly 
sum of jQi2oo sterling from the Bishops^ rents, for the maintenance 
of professors and bursars in Divinity. 28M February, 169'. 

William R. 
Our Soveraign Lord and Lady out of their pious intention 
and care for the educating and instructing a competent number of 
Bursers in Divinity in their four severall Universities and Colledges 
of their ancient Kingdom of Scotland, which may prove a ReHgious 
and learned Seminary for supplying the Vacancies that must fall 
from time to time in the Church of that their Kingdom being 
resolved to mortify Gift and Dispone a considerable part of their 
Revenues and Rents of the Bishopricks now in their Maiesties hands 
by vertue of the Act of Parliament abolishing Episcopacy Therefore 
their Maiesties with advice and consent of their right trusty and 
right welbeloved Cousin and Councellor John Earle of Tweeddale 
Lord High Chancellour their right trusty and welbeloved Cousins 
and Councellors James Earle of Drumlangrig John Earle of Cassills 
George Earle of Linlithgow and John Earle of Broadalban and of 
their right trusty and welbeloved Councellor Alexander Lord Raith 
their Maiesties Treasurer Deput Lords Commissioners of their 
Maiesties Treasury and also with advice and consent of the Lords 
and others Commissioners of Exchequer of their Maiesties said 
ancient Kingdom of Scotland Ordain a signature to be past under 
the Great Scale of their Maiesties said ancient Kingdom Giving 
Granting Mortifying and Disponing Like as their Maiesties by 
these presents Give Grant Mortify and Dispone the sum of twelue 
hundred pounds sterlin yearly To and in favours of the Universities 
and Colledges of S' Andrews Aberdeen Glasgow and Edinburgh 
for the maintenance of one Professor of Divinity and ten Bursers 
in Divinity in each Colledge which Professors are to be called 
Nominated and Presented by their Maiesties and their Royall Suc- 
cessors from abroad or by their Maiesties Treasurers Principall 
and Deputs or Lords Commissioners of their Maiesties Treasury 
for the time being and likewise the forty Bursers are to be Nomi- 
nated and Presented by their Maiesties and Royall Successors their 



1693.] WILLIAM III.'S GRANT. 347 

Treasurers Principall and Deputs or Lords Commissioners of their 
Treasury for the time being being Students of good Report for 
their learning sober and pious conversation who have past their 
Course in one of the Colledges and being Laureated and graduated 
Masters of Art in one of the Colledges of that Kingdom before they 
can be Nominated or Presented to be of the number of the aforesaid 
forty Bursers and being Presented they are to study Divinity by 
the direction and oversight of the Professors aforesaid by the space 
of two full yeares within one of the four Colledges aforesaid and the 
third year they are to goe abroad and study one year in a Protestant 
University by the Direction of the Professors aforesaid whereby 
they may be instructed disposed and qualified to be Ministers of the 
Gospell as they shall have occasion to be called after their Returne 
and their three yeares study in Divinity And their Maiesties do 
impower the present Lords Commissioners of their Maiesties Treasury 
their Treasurers Principall and Deputs for the time being to make 
Statutes and Rules for the better ordering dividing and conveying 
the foresaid pious charitable ffond and Mortification of twelue hun- 
dred pounds sterline yearly out of the first and readiest of the 
Bishops Rents and to make yearly Enquiries and Accompts thereof 
in the Month of January that the same may be rendered eifectuall 
for the pious uses and ends for which they are intended And their 
Maiesties Ordain the said Letter to be further extended in the most 
ample and best forme with all Clauses needfull and to pass the 
said Great Scale per Saltum without passing any other Scale or 
Register In order whereunto These presents shall be to the 
Directors of their Maiesties Chancellary and their Deputs for writing 
the same and to the Lord High Chancellour for causing the Great 
Scale to be appended and to the Appender for appending the same 
thereunto a sufficient Warrant Given at the Court at Kensington the 
28^*^ day of ffebruary i6g^ and of their Maiesties reign the 4"^ year 
From the entry in the Home Office Warrant Books (Scotland) in the 
Public Record Office, London, Vol. xv., p. 219.* 

* This Signature seems to have escaped the notice of the editors of the Fasti Aber- 
donenses and the Munimenta Universitatis Glasguensis. See infra the charters by William 
III. of dates 29th April, 1695, and 30th November, 1699, from which it will be noticed the 
proposals to nominate professors " from abroad" and bursars " to goe abroad" are removed. 



34$ MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [169$. 

LXXIV. 

King William III. grants to the University of Aberdeen £,y^o sterling yearly 
from the Bishops rents^ for the maintenance of bursars in Divinity^ and 
of a second professor of Theology. 2gth April, 1695. 

Gulielmus Dei Gratia Magnae Brittanise Franciae et Hibemiae 
Rex Fideique Defensor Omnibus probis hominibus totius terrae suae 
Clericis et Laicis Salutem Quandoquidem nos considerantes quod 
per signaturam sub manu nostra Regia de data apud Kensingtoun 
vigesimo octavo die mensis Februarij Millesimo sexcentesimo nona- 
gesimo tertio Dedimus concessimus mortificavimus et disposuimus ad 
et in favorem Universitatum ac Academiarum Sancti Andreae Abre- 
doniae Glasguensis et Edinburgi summam unius mille et ducentarum 
librarum monetae Sterlinensis de redditibus et fructibus Episcopa- 
tuum Scotiae nunc in manibus nostris existentibus et ad nostram 
donationem et dispositionem virtute acti Parliamenti Episcopatum 
abolentis idque pro sustentatione unius Professoris Theologiae et 
decem Bursariorum in Theologia in unaquaque dictarum quatuor 
Academiarum dictis Professoribus ab exteris per nos nostrosque suc- 
cessores vocandis et praesentandis vel per Dominos nostri Thesaurarii 
commissionarios ac etiam dictis Bursariis per nos vel Dominos nostri 
Thesaurarii praesentandis et modo in praedicta signatura specificato 
qualificandis prout eadem in se diversas alias clausulas continens et 
in scacario expedita in se latius proportat Nosque etiam considerantes 
quod magis commodum erit dictis Universitatibus ut dicta summa 
mille et ducentarum librarum monetae Sterlinensis non solum inter eos 
dividatur per distinctas donationes et jura sed etiam usque dum 
intentus dictae prioris signaturae pro providendis et stabiliendis dictis 
externis Professoribus et accomodandis dictis Bursariis modo inibi 
mentionato determinetur quodque rationi consentaneum et neces- 
sarium est ut prsedictae Universitatis Abredoniensis novum et par- 
ticulare jus ad praedictam summam trecentarum librarum monetae 
Sterlinensis tanquam partem et portionem praedictae summae mille 
et ducentarum librarum habeat summa quadraginta librarum monetae 
Sterlinensis de praedicta summa tricentarum librarum pro sustinendis 
duobus Theologiae Bursariis in dicta Universitate ad ratam subtus 
mentionatam applicetur et reliquum dictae summae trecentarum lib- 



l6gS.] WILLIAM III.'S GRANT. 349 

rarum pro solutione debitorum dictae Universitatis in primo loco 
applicetur et postea ut idem applicetur pro sustentatione alterius 
Theologiae professoris in dicta Universitate praeter eum quern nunc 
habent Noveritis igitur nos cum speciali avisamento et consensu 
fidelissimorum dilectissimorum nostrorum consanguineorum et con- 
ciliariorum Joannis Comitis de Tweedale summi cancellarii antiqui 
Regni nostri Scotise Jacobi Ducis de Queensberrie Joannis Comitis 
de Cassills Georgii Comitis de Linlithgow Joannis Comitis de 
Broadalbine et Alexandri Domini Raith Theasaurarii deputati infra 
dictum Regnum Scotias Dominorum Commissionariorum nostri 
Theasaurarii computorum rotulatorum et Theasaurarii novarum nos- 
trarum augmentationum infra dictum antiquum Regnum nostrum 
Dedisse concessisse mortificasse et disposuisse sicuti nos per has 
literas damus concedimus mortificamus et disponimus ad et in 
favorem principalium professorum et magistrorum dictae Universi- 
tatis Abredoniensis eorumque in officio successorum nomine et 
utilitate dictae Universitatis Totam et Integram praedictam summam 
trecentarum librarum Sterlinensium tanquam eorum justam et aequa- 
lem portionem dictae summse mille ducentarum librarum monetae 
Sterlinensis annuatim percipientem ad duos anni terminos Pentecostes 
et St' Martini per aequales portiones de primis et promptissimis annuls 
reditibus Episcopatuum dicti Regni modo subtus mentionato appli- 
candam viz Summam quadraginta librarum Sterlinensium de praedicta 
summa trecentarum librarum Sterlinensium pro sustentatione duorum 
Bursariorum Theologiae in dicta Universitate eorumque successorum 
Bursariorum ibidem ad ratam viginti librarum Sterlinensium pro 
unoquoque bursario annuatim applicandam reliquamque summam 
quae conficit dictam summam tercentum librarum pro solutione 
debitorum dictae Universitatis [et postquam] soluta sunt summam 
centum librarum ejusdem pro sustentatione et provisione alterius 
Theologiae Professoris in dicta Universitate praeter eum quem nunc 
habent applicandam ac summam centum et sexaginta librarum quae 
dictam summam tercentum librarum conficit pro sustentatione octo 
Bursariorum in Theologia eorumque successorum dictae Universitatis 
Bursariorum ad ratam viginti librarum Sterlinensium annuatim pro 
unoquoque bursario applicandam praesentatione dictae Theologiae 
Professoris omnimodo nobis reservata qui de tempore in tempus 



350 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1695. 

personam in dicta professione sufficienter qualificatam ac ante admis- 
sionem suam a principalibus aliisque Theologiae dictae Universitatis 
professoribus cum ministris dictae civitatis Abredonensis pro tempore exa- 
minandam praesentaturi sumus Et quidquid [sic] in Theologia Bursarii 
per nos praesentandi sunt ad vel ante decimam diem mensis Octobris 
ex catalogo sex idonearum personarum clerico Thesaurarii nostri 
transmittendo per facultatem dictae Universitatis ad vel ante primam 
diem mensis Augusti et qui etiam instituendi et locandi sunt a dictis 
principalibus aliisque professoribus cum dictis ministris Abredonien- 
sibus pro tempore bonae famae studentibus qui cursum suum in qualibet 
una dictarum Universitatum dicti regni nostri peregerunt ac qui laurea 
donati sunt priusquam tanquam unus dictorum Bursariorum praesentari 
queant ac per spatium quatuor annorum ad maximum continuandi Ac 
qui Professor et Bursarii erunt notae pietatis et sobrietatis ac sanc- 
torum principiorum ac fidelitatis et boni affectus erga nos et regimen 
nostrum in ecclesia et statu incipientes pro termino solutionis prae- 
dictae summae tercentum librarum Sterlinensis ad festum et terminum 
Pentecostes anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo nonagesimo quarto 
et ita deinceps annuatim et terminatim omni tempore futuro con- 
tinuandi Atque per praesentem nostram Cartam plenam committimus 
potestatem Thesaurarii nostri Dominis Commissionariis solutionem 
punctualem praefatae summae factoribus dictae Universitatis Abre- 
doniensis pro tempore annuatim pro usu et utilitate dictorum Principalis 
Professorum et Bursariorum modo supra diviso causare faciendam Ac 
Declaramus et Ordinamus collectores assedatarios aliosque intromis- 
sores cum redditibus dictorum Episcopatuum subjectos esse dictae 
Universitati Abredoniensis ej usque factoribus in solutione dictae an- 
nuitatis trecentarum librarum monetae Sterlinensis prout deberi con- 
tigerit de primis et paratissimis eorum intromissionibus Et ulterius 
Declaramus quod pro solutionibus dictae Universitatis factoribus in 
usum praedictum eorum apochae seu exonerationes desuper datae suffi- 
ciens erit exoneratio dictis collectoribus assedatoribus et intromissoribus 
et eorum intromissionibus pro tanto In cujus rei Testimonium huic 
praesenti nostrae Cartae magnum sigillum nostrum appendi mandavimus 
apud Kensingtoun vigesimo nono Aprilis Anno Domini Millesimo sex- 
centesimo nonagesimo quinto anno Regni nostri septimo 
From the Registrum Magni Sigilli^ B. Ixxiii. 216. 



1695.] VACANT STIPENDS. 35 1 

LXXIVa. 

Abstract of foregoing Charter. 

King William, referring to the signature of 28th February, 169',* and 
considering the desirability of apportioning the previous grant among the four 
Universities, and of cancelling the provisions anent professors from abroad and 
bursars, grants to the University of Aberdeen ;^3oo sterling yearly from the 
bishops' rents : ;^4o for the maintenance of two bursars in Divinity, and the 
balance at first for payment of the debts of the University, and afterwards 
;^ioo towards the support of a second Professor of Theology, and ;^i6o for 
the maintenance of eight bursars in Divinity. The patronage of the professor- 
ship and bursaries is reserved to the Crown : the bursars are to be selected 
annually, not later than loth October, from a list to be transmitted before 
August I St by the faculty, of six students who have completed their course 
and graduated in one of the Scottish Universities : such professors and bursars 
to be of good morals and well affected to the State ; and the endowments to 
run from Pentecost, 1694. The Lords of the Treasury and the collectors of 
the bishops' rents are empowered to make payments to the factors of the 
University, whose receipts shall be sufficient for the said collectors. Sealed 
at Kensington, 29th April, 1695. 

LXXV. 

The Scots Parliament assign to Marischal College the vacant stipends of the 
Churches whereof Earl Marischal was patron towards the expense of the 
new buildings of the College. I'jth July, 1695. 

At Edinburgh the Sevinteenth day of July One thousand Six 
hundred and nynty-fiue years Anent the Petition given in and pre- 
sented to his Majesties high Commissioner and the Estates of Parlia- 
ment by the Principal and Masters of the Marishal Colledge of 
Aberdeen Shewing that where it had been his Majestie and Royal 
Predicessors constant care to provide for and give all Incouragement 
to Universities and Colledges and by several Acts of Parliament 
there had been vacant stipends allowed them for the use and up- 
holding of their fabricks And now by the late act of Parliament 
the vacand stipends being applyed for pious uses within the respec- 

* No. LXXIII. 



352 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1695. 

tive parishes they might be disappoynted of these fonds And they 
finding some years ago that their Colledge was exceedingly decayed 
did adventure the founding of a new addition to the said Colledge 
and by the charitable assistance of several Gentlemen in the Countrey 
and others the roof was finished without any former encouragement 
from the publick but the gift of two vacancies (which they had not 
as yet receaved) and there being no fond left in their hands for 
compleating the said work and beside they being considerably in 
debt through the great advances therupon and seeing it wold yet 
take a considerable expense to finish the same They had humbly 
presumed to make application to his Grace and honourable Estates 
of Parliament that they might be allowed the vacand stipends of 
such Churches wherof the Earle Marishal was formerly Patron to be 
applied for the use forsaid as the samen should happen to be vacant 
by the deceas or removal of their respective Incumbents And there- 
fore Craving his Grace and Lordships wold Consider the premisses 
and to pass an Act authorizing them to uplift the vacant stipends 
of such Churches wherof the Earle of Marishall was patron viz 
ffoveran New Dear St Brides alias Dunnottar Fetterosso Old Dear 
Auchriedie Longside Peterhead St Fergus King Edward and any 
other wherof the Earle was undoubted patron and to ordain Letters 
of horning and other Execution needfull to pass at their instance 
and their Successors against all others lyable in payment as the 
said petition bears Which being upon the day and date of thir 
presents Considered by his Ma*^ high Commissioner and the saids 
Estates of Parliament they granted and hereby Grants the Desire of 
the said Petition as to the particular Churches within named with the 
burden of the Act of the date the first day of July instant In favours of 
such Ministers as by invitation from the respective Presbytries shall 
happen to preach at any of the saids Churches allennarly and this 
to endure till the nixt Session of Parliament 

From The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. ix. (1822), p. 463, 
cap. 75. See also App., p. 123.* 

* " 17 Julij 1695 . . . Petitione Earle Marishalls Colledge of Aberdeen craveing 
]>e vacancies of certaine Churches wherof the Earle Marshall was patron read and the 
desyre therof granted with the burden of the acts past in favors of the ministers to continue 
till the next Sessione of Parliat and the former act for certaine vacancies in favors of the 



1695.] VACANT STIPENDS. 353 

Kings Colledge granted in this Sessione of Parliat lykwayes restricted till the nixt 
Sessione of Parliat." 

Four years before, the College had applied to the Privy Council for a grant of vacant 
stipends. 

•' Edinburgh the twentie second day of December Jmyjc and 
nyntie one yeares. 

"Anent the petitione given in to the Lords of ther Maiesties privie Councill be the 
principall and remanent members of the new Colladge of Aberdein called Marishalls 
colledge Shewing that the petitioners haveing bein at a vast charge in building ane new 
work to the said Colladge for the accommodatione of the students therein which is now 
brought a great lenth and the compleating therof being interrupted for want of mony 
And seeing the church of Foverane hes bein vaccant for the year Jn^vjc nyntie one and 
that the stipend therof for that year is no otherwayes disposed of and that the Earle of 
Marishall undoubted patrone of the said paroch kirk hes by his consent and assignatione 
of the date the twelth day of November last bypast produced not only consented that the 
saids vaccand stipends for the year of God forsaid be payed to the petitioners procurator 
for the use abovementioned But also assigned and disponed to and in his favours for the 
use forsaid the said localled and modified stipend of the said paroch of Foveran the said 
year Jmvjc nyntie one And seeing it concernes not only the standing and flourishing of the 
said Colladge but also the universall good of the natione that so the publict work be 
compleated and brought to perfectione And therfor humbly Craving that the Councill 
wold grant warrand to the heretors fewers liferenters wodsetters and others within the 
said paroch of Foveran lyable in payment of the said stipend for the year J^vjc and nyntie 
one to make payment therof to Mr Allexr Moir procurator of the said Colladge The Lords 
of ther Maiesties privie Councill haveing considered this petitione given in to them be the 
above principall and members of the new colladge of Aberdein with the consent of the 
patrone mentioned therin and produced therwith They allowe and approve of the patrones 
disposeing of the stipend of the above kirk of Foveran for the year Jmvjc nyntie one In 
favours of the petitioners in maner abovewrittine Conforme to the lawes and acts of 
parliament of this kingdome for compleating of the above work And nominats and 
appoynts the said Mr Allexr Moir procurator of the said Colladge to be factor for up- 
lifting of the said yeares stipend And ordaines him to be readilly answered obeyed and 
payed therof be the heretors fewers wodsetters liferenters fermorers titulars tacksmen of 
teinds tennents possessors and others lyable in payment of the samen And ordaines letters of 
horning to be direct heeron at the said factors instance against thes lyable for that effect upon 
production of a decreit of localitie And in caise ther be non ordaines the heretors and 
others forsaids lyable in payment of the said stipend to make payment therof to the said factor 
for the forsaid year according as they shall be decerned be the Judge ordinary In respect the 
said factor hes found sufficient catioune acted in the bookes of privie Councill that he shall 
employ the stipend forsaid appoynted to be uplifted be him upon the ends and uses above- 
mentioned 

Extracted by me 

Gilb. Eliot Cls. sti. Cons." 

From the certified extract in the Mar. Coll. Charter Room, " Buildings of 1682- ," No. 2. 

Note on College Buildings of 1682-1712. 
In 1682, the buildings of the Greyfriars monastery having become ruinous and un- 
suitable, the principal (Robert Paterson, v. supra, p. 118) and professors resolved to attempt 

YY 



354 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1682- . 

the erection of a new edifice — a great labour which they accomplished imperfectly ; but con- 
sidering the difficulties, the wonder is that they did so much. The Accounts of the period are 
full of entries of the various expenditures and of records of benefactors ; for, there being no funds 
for the purpose, the whole was accomplished by voluntary aid. The receipts for the thirty 
years during which the Charge and Discharge of the " New Work " form distinct items in 
the annual accounts appear to have reached a total of about 18,000 pounds Scots. " My Lord 
Marischall" gives ;£'2oo, the Rector, the Principal, the Regents, the gentlemen of Aberdeenshire 
and of the neighbouring counties, all contributed liberally. In addition to the vacant stipends 
granted by Parliament in 1685, 1695, 1696, and i6g8, the College got 1200 pounds Scots from 
the Convention of Royal Burghs. On July 5-9, 1698, the Commissioners sat at Aberdeen, and 
were entertained by the principal and masters, who presented a petition, printed as a broad- 
sheet by John Forbes,* "which petition being read, heard, and considered by the conventione, 

lib. s. d. 
^ *" Item to John Forbes printer for printing the petition to the Burrows 4 19 o 

Item quhen the royall Burrows cam to the Colledge as follows for 2 lib of cours 

biscat and six ounce of fyne biscat 2 05 o 

Item for 5 of rough almonds 4 00 o 

Item for 5 lib of raisans i 10 o 

Item for 3 pints of claret and ane choppin of ail 4 06 o 
Item for a pint of Canary fra Thomas Burnet at i lib 8 s the pint and fra 

Clerk Robertson for 7 pints of aill 4 04 o 

Item for whit loafs pips tobaco and candle i 06 o" 

— College Accounts, 1697-98. 

" To the Right Honourable, the Lord Presses and remanent Commissioners from the Royall 
Burrow's of Scotland assembled at Aberdeen. 

The Petition of the Principall and Masters of the Marischall Colledge, 
Humbly Sheweth, 
That while our Town and Countrey are happy in enjoying the presence of so many wise and 
eminent Persons, pitch'd upon for their Merit, to settle the best measures for advancing the Honour 
and Interest of the Royall-Burrow's of this Kingdom, to whose Conduct and Activity, the flourishing 
of this Nation, the Advancement of Arts and Sciences, and the thriveing of Schools and Colledges, 
is next to God and our Great King, chiefly to be ascribed : We take the confidence humbly to 
represent, that the Edifice of our Colledge, having from its first founding after the Reformation 
continued mean and incapable to lodge our Students, or allow Conveniency for our publick Com- 
mencements ; We, press'd with the daily Disadvantages of so small a Building, were forc'd to set 
about an Addition, which by the favour of Heaven, and charitable Contributions of pious Persons, 
without any other stoct, We have considerably advanc'd. But our funds being now near 
exhausted. We humbly intreat, that this Honourable Council, in whose hands the management of 
the great Stock of the Nation is lodged, would be pleased to conimiserat the state of our Fabrick, 
which for want of Money is like to be ruin'd before it can be perfected, and to appoint some seasonable 
and charitable supply for completeing so necessar and usefull a work, that as the greatest projects 
and best designs of the Nation receive Life and encouragement from the Royal Burrows, so this 
Tffwn and Colledge may ow the perfecting and finishing this New Work to their Charity. And as 
the Bounty of the Royal-Burrows, shall be most thankfully Received and honestly imployed ; and 
the memory of it made as lasting as the Society upon which it is conferr'd : so We shall insert 



l682- .] BUILDINGS OF 1682- . 355 

they, for encouradgement of soe usefull and recessarie a work, appoints the agent to pay to 
the principall and masters of the said college the sowme of ane hundreih pounds sterling to 
be applyed in the termes of the petitione and upon performance of the conditions thereof, 
Whereanent thir presents with ther recept upon the back thereof, shall be a Warrand for 
alloweing the said Sowme in the agents accompt." {Extracts from the Records of the 
Convefition of the Royal Burghs of Scotland, 1677-1711. Edinburgh, 1880, p. 267.) 

In the agent's accounts of disbursements from July, 1698, to July, 1699, occurs the 
entry: — 

" Item, to the Marshall Colledge of Aberdeen as per act and receipt ;£"i2oo o o" 

The Town Council do not seem to have contributed to the General Fund, the following 
entry, relative to a grant for a special purpose, being the only one in the Minutes during the 
period: — ' * 

2ist September, 1694. 

" The said day the counsell haveing considered ane petitione given in to them be the 
principall and Regents of the Colledge Marishall of the said burgh desyreing ane con- 
tributione for leadeing the observatorie in the new work of the said Colledge for the vse of 
the master of mathematicks in the said colledge As also haveing taken the advyce of the 
bretheren of gild publictly conveend for that effect who all consented that the counsell of the 
said burgh should grant ane contributione to the forsaid work out of the gild wyne monys 
They therfor apointe the present dean of gild of the said burgh to pay out of the gild 
wyne monys the soume of fyve hundreth marks scots money to the procurator of the said 
Colledge to be employed for leadeing the forsaid observatorie alenarly and for noe vther 
vse and ordains the dean of gild to see the same bestowed and Employed as said is " 
— Town Council Register, Ivii. 451. See College Accounts, 1694-5. 

In 1695 the Incorporated Trades granted 50 merks annually for three years: — 

"The Conveener Court of the traids of Aberdeen holden within the Trinity 
Hall of the said brugh upon the 24 of September 1695 In presence 
of Wm Couts Deacon Conveener, The Court Lawiy fenced and 
affirmed. . 

" The said daye the traids by voyce of Court statuts and ordaines That the Masters of 
the traids hospital pay yearly to the comone procurator of the Marishall Colledge of Aberdeen 
for the use of the New Works of the said Colledge the summe of fefty markes Scots 
money yearly for the space of thrie yeares nixt heirafter Begineing the first Yeares pay- 
ment at Whytsunday nixt 1696 yeares and that out of the mails and dueties of the bursers 

houses yearly and this to be ane warrand 

A Mitchell s." 

— Convener Court Book of the Incorporated Trades, Vol, i., p. 171, 

the Names of every individuall Commissioner in our publick Registers among our Benefactors, and 
erect a Monument of our gratitude, by which We may testifie to posterity how much We stand 
indebted to the Charity of the Royall-Burrows. 

And the Continuance of Peace, the flourishing of Trade, and the Pro- 
sperity of the Royall-Burrows shall be your Petitioner's continued 
Prayer." 
(From a copy in Mar. Coll. Ch. Room, " Buildings of 1682- ," No. 5.) 



356 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1682- . 

Not the least interesting feature of these " Accounts of the New Work " is the 

proof they afford of the intimate relations then subsisting between Aberdeen and the 

Baltic ports. The following entries may be cited : — 

lib. s. d. 

" 1684 Item firom Patrick Forbes merchant in Dantzig * 280 00 00 

1685 Item Mr John Turner in Dantzick 666 13 04 

1686 Item from Bailyie Geo Aedie for payment of Alexr Aedie in Dan- 

ziack his 50 lib. sterling an transaction where debitor Mr Rot. 
Keith, from whom, and Andrew Burnett upon Mr Keith's ac- 
count received at seuerall tymes 535 00 00 
Item from Mr Rot. Keith for compleat payment of Alexr Aedie his 
50 lib. sterling and also for his hundred merks due by him to 
the colledge 141 06 08 

1687 Item from James Waker quhat he had collected at Elbin and 

Queensbridge viz from John Keith in Elbin 50 guilders, from 

Mr Marishall in Queensbridge 20 guilders, from 

Gray sone to Creichie Gray 8 dollars, in all received from 

him 27 rix dollars and 2s. 079 00 00 

Item from Robert Davidson g rix dollars and ane leg quhich he 

hade received from in Dantzick 028 18 00 

1692 Item from George Gordone upon the accompt of Robert Gordon of 

Tillielt merchant in Dantzick 40 leg dollars 112 00 00 

Item from George Gordone factor in Holland 013 06 00 

lib. s. d. 
1699 {Discharge] Item spent with John Forbes printer when 

wee gave in our supplicatione to the press 000 06 00 

Item with the principall and masters when wee gave of 
our supplication to Mr Robertson when goeing 
to Pole 000 09 00 

• Forbes' letter is extant in Mar. ColL Ch. Room, " Buildings of i682- ," No. i. 

"To the Right honouratell the Rector Principall and Regentes ofif the Marshall College off 
Aberdein These 

Right Honorabell Sirs 

Through this bearer Baylie Alexander Gordone, your acceptabell letter I reseawed, and 
heawing respect to such worthie persones yor good desinges and rasonabell demands, I wold not be 
refractiue bot heaw (for hes discharg) delyvred to the forsaid Baylie Gordone ane hundreth Crosdollers 
in specie, which I intreat yee will accept, and registrat in yor books for the bulding of the Marishall 
CoUeg. I wish it be onlly imployed to that vse, and it shall be allwayes my earnest wish to heyr, 
giue not to see, Leameing may increas in my native, which is the speciall mean to uphold both church 
and stait, which god allmightie mantin in hes fear loue and vnjformetie to the end 

" Commiteing you and your desing to the directyone of the allmighty and rayselff to your &uor 
I subscrybe 

Sir yours in obseruanc 

Patrick Forbes 

Dansig 6 September Ao 1684 " 



l682- .] BUILDINGS OF 1682- . 357 

lib. s. d. 
logg Item to Peter Thomson bookbinder for cutting them 

being 3 quares 000 06 00 

Item to John Forbes printer for printing them conforme 

to his accompt 005 04 00 

Item drink money to his man 000 07 00* 

lib. s. d. 

1700 Item from Mr Low merchant in Danzeickf 290 00 00 

*A copy of the printed " Supplicatione " is preserved in Mar. Coll. Ch. Room, "Buildings 
of 1682- ," No. 3. 

" To all Our Generous and Charitable Coun trey-Men within the Cityes of Dantsick and Konings-berg, 

and the Kingdom of Poland. 

The humble Representation of the Principall and Masters of the Marischall Colledge of Aberd&ek 

in Scotland. 
Sheweth, 

That the Edifice of our Colledge having, from its first founding after the Reformation from Popery, 
continued mean and incapable to lodge our Students, or allow conveniency for our publick Solemni- 
ties ; We being pressed with the daily Disadvantages of so small and incommodious a Building, 
were forced to begin a New-Work, which by the favour of Heaven and charitable Contributions of 
pious Persons we have now near compleated : and is so spacious, stately and convenient, that its 
no less an Ornament to the City, then an Advantage to the Colledge. And as this Work hath been 
much advanced, and in a great measure carried on by the Charity of our worthy Countrey-Men in 
Dantzick, Konnings-berg, Elbing, and other Forreign Parts (all whose Memories shall ever be 
honoured by Us, and some of Whom for their great Liberality have Chambers appointed in the said 
New-work for their Name and Friends) and our money being now exhausted, in order to the 
perfecting and furnishing of the Fabrick, we are under a Necessity of having Recourse to the Piety 
of Those of Our Countrey-Men who have not had Opportunity to extend their Charity for so good a 
Work. And therefore have Recommended to Our trusty and good Friend Mr. James Robertson 
Merchant, (whose love to Religion and Leaining, and kyndness to this Town and Colledge have 
Encouraged Us to offer Him this Trouble) that He may present this Our Address to all Those who 
are true Lovers of their Countrey, and wish the Advancement of Religion, and Increass of Learning ; 
And that he or any intrusted by him may receive from them what Contributions they shall be pleased 
to allow for the finishing of our New- Work ; and as We shall never be wanting to offer up our 
Prayers for the Prosperity of our Benefactors ; so we shal duely Record the Names of all Those who 
are pleased to allow Us any Assistance in Our Publick Registers, and by the Monuments of Our 
Gratitude render the Memory of their Charity as lasting as the Society on which it is bestowed. This 
is solemnly Promised and shall be Inviolably and Faithfully Performed by 

lAMES OSBURN T. P. ROBERT PATERSON Principal. 
MARISCHALL Colledge George Peacock Regent, 

of ABERDEEN, Iames More Regent. 

George Liddell S. M. P. Alexander More Regent. 
June 2d 1699. William Smith Regent." 

+ Mr Low writes 

" For the much Honoured Director Principall and Regents off the Marshall CoUedg of 

Aberdeene 

Dantzig 26 Aug Ao 1700 
Much Honoured 

Your Letter of the 4 Jully signifiet to me that Mr Robertson hath deUvered to you ane 
hundred rix doUers quhich I alloted for the reparatione of your Colledge, and when gloriously finished 



358 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1682- . 

lib. 5. d. 

1700 Item from Robert Panton factor in Holland 066 13 04 

1701 From James Robertson marchant of the money which he had pro- 

cured in Polland for our Colledge the rest being payd in to 

Mr Peacock 957 13 04 

From Thomas Lesly of Colpney which he had received from 

Thomas and Waltar Leslies merchants in Danzick 203 00 co 

From William Miller merchant in Danzick which he collected 

from our Countreymen in Conigsberg* 595 00 00 

I shall think that small mite of Contributione weell bestowed, neither shall I euer be against anything 
that tends to the good and weelfaire of your Citty, but rather promott the same to the vttmost of my 
Pouer. Moreouer I acquaint you that my Vncle hath giuen me orders also to remitt you for that 
same fabrique ane hundred rix dollers quhich ye will be pleased to receaue from my brother in Law 
James Moorisone the delywerer of this Letter. I shall be glaid to hear of many, yea and more 
generous Contributters for that use then we have beene. Interim quhairine I cane in any other thing 
be serviceable to you my chieffest desire shall be to honour your Commands. Adding no more to 
this purpose I conclude with assuring you that I remaine 

Much honor'd 

Your most humble servant 

Robert Low" 
(Mar. Coll. Ch. Room, " Buildings of 1682- ," No. 4.) 

In the Accounts occur the entries : — 

lii. s. d. 
" 1701 To Charles White for drawing Robert Lows picture givn by order of the 

principall six dollars 17 08 00 

1707 To Charles Whyt for gilding and painting Mr Lows picture frame 02 00 00 " 

According to Professor Knight [Collections, pp. 909, 1295) the portrait of I^w (termed 
" postmaster of Dantzic ") was extant circa 1840. It cannot now be identified. 

» Mr Miller writes (Mar. ColL Ch. Room, " Buildings of 1682- ," No. 4.) 

" To the Much Honoured the Principal and Masters of Mareshall Colledge in Aberdeen 

Dantzig 261I1 March S N 

1701 
Much Honoured 

I had the hgnour of your verie aggreable Letter per Thomas Hendersone, to which had made 
answer sooner had anything worth writeing occurred. This Winter I have been occasionaly 
at Conigsberg, wher I made all imaginable Interest with our Countrymen ther, in order to gett ther 
charity for the Marshall Colledge, and contrare to thoughts have had pretty good Success being 
every of our Countreymen gave according to his ability, in so farr that I gott Seven hundred gilders 
polish for which (being have No Occasion to Remitt) yow may prevail upon me by your draughts 
at pleasure. I Reffer sending yow a Catalogue of those who have contributed (being upwards of 
fiftie in number would take up too much Room) untill the Aberdeens Ship arrive. I hope yow'l be 
so kind as to write a general Letter of thankes to our countreymen in Conigsberg and send it per the 
Aberdeens ship addressed to Mr Thomas Hervie Senior and Mr William Gray and others our 
countrey in CSnigsberg and please send it under my Cover. If I can be further serviceable to my 
Alma Mater with heart and hand 111 goe about it being I am with much Respect, Much Honoured 

Your verie humble Servant 

Will. Miller" 

Writing again on 14th July, Miller regrets that he cannot hold out hopes of a further sub- 



1 682- .] 



BUILDINGS OF l682" 



359 



lib. s. d. 

1702 Item from James Robertson Thesaurer the ballance of the money 

he received from Danzick and Polland conforme to accompt 159 16 08 

1703 Item from Alexr Ross marchant in Danzick 026 05 00 

"Many of the applications, however, are afterwards characterised as having been 
• expensive and unsuccessful '. 

" The money obtained was expended in purchasing trees, stones, sand, and lime : 
there were no contractors or estimates. Every voucher, even the most trifling, has been 
preserved, and a great economy seems to have been practised. But the miserable state of 
roads, masons and carpenters in that age made everything expensive in the end. 

" The interior finishings were long postponed. The Hall in particular lay for many 
years without windows ; several of these were erected and adorned by the graduates at 
leaving College, as appears from various entries in the Album, and from the names painted 

scription " tymes are so very hard in this countrey and so little trade". He sends the list of 
former subscribers. 

" Conigsberg ymo Febrij 1701 
A List of the Scots Fraternity in Conigsberg who have been pleased to Extend their charity 
towards the perfecting the fabrick of Mareshall Colledge in Aberdeen 



Mr Thomas Hervie, Sr 








f. 30 


Mr James Kuick , 






20 


Mr William Gray 








30 


Mr Robert Stronoch 








IS 


Mr Alexander Smith . 








18 


Mr Alexander Menie . 








30 


Mr James Ritchie . 








4 


Mr Adam Fuller . 








18 


Mr George Gordon 








6 


Mr Charles Ramsey 








10 


Mr Peter Murison 








18 


Mr John Murison . 








18 


Mr William Hervie 








18 


Mr David Hervie . 








10 


Mr David Mill . 








18 


Mr Francis Hay . 








30 


Mr George Allan . 








20 


Mr William Allan 








15 


Mr Andrew Ramadge 








10 


Mr John Rait 








18 


Mr John Gordon of C 


Jolda 


p sen 


t pe 




Wm Allan . 








IS 


Mr William Watt . 








8 


Mr Alexr Watt . 








10 


Mr James Raine . 








17 


Mr Gilbert Couper 








20 


Mr George Gray . 








10 


Mr John Trotter . 








JO 


Mr Henry Panton 








6 


Mr William Mercer 








10 



Mr Gilbert Craigie 
Mr David Cramond 
Mr David Miller . 
Mr George Lessel . 
Mr Mill 

Young Men and Servants — 
Mr Thomas Hervie, Jr. 
Mr John Birrel 
Mr James Tam 
Mr Francis Craw . 
Mr John Johnston 
Mr Thomas Ramadge . 
Mr John Lyel 
Mr Laurence Birrel 
Mr James Mitchelhill , 
Mr William Tevendel . 
Mr George Gordon 
Mr William Gordon 
Mr Ferdinand Tilleman 
Mr Johan George gross 
Mr Daniel Mitchel 
Mr Ertman Winster 
Mr David Bailie of Colbin 
Mr Thomas Hay of ditto 
Mr William Douglas . 
Mr Henry Hunter of Keidam 



f. 12 



10 

10 

6 

6 

20 

10 

10 

20 

8 



6 

6 

6 

10 

3 
10 

7 
7 
18 



f. 700 " 



36o 



MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. 



[1682- 



on the wainscot. The names of other benefactors to the buildings are still visible on 
tablets in the pannels of the Vestibule of the Hall [destroyed in 1840]. 

" In estimating the expense of the building it is nearly impossible, from the accounts, 
to discriminate it from the numerous repairs. Thus keys innumerable to the Tertian, Bajan 
Schools, &c. ; bands and locks for them nearly as often. ' A lock to the Bilboe ; ' ' a 
lock to the penetential chamber ' ; 'a new key to the fornicators chamber ' : 

"Then the endless annual entries about the lodgings: 'boxbeds'; 'daills' without 
end ; tables ' brocken be that damnable custome of Chalking the schooles be the students 
of the first and third classes ' ; ' glassen windoes brocken be ane other custome of 
bracking windoes at their removall '. 

"No carts seem to have bepn employed. The sandstone came from Moray, the 
lime by sea." (Knight's Collections.) 

The following are sample disbursements : — 



' 240 bolls of lime at 14 s. 
330 loads of sand from the Castlehill before the lime came at 6 placks 

the load 
500 loads of sand brought from the links at rod per load 
900 barrowfuls of stones undressed 
A boatload of stones 
100 sklates 
595 trees 
Clearing the court of 2000 loads of rubbish 



lib. 


s. 


i6g 


8 


8 


5 


4 


4 


36 




50 




2 


10 


292 


10 


50' 


' 



In the same Mass, together with two letters 
" Colection for the Marschal Coledge of Aberdeen 

Mr Wilhelm Broune . 

Mr Daniel Davidsone 

Mr John Broune 

Mr Peter Watt Dantzick money 

Mr William Lumsdale 

Mr Alexander Paip and Son 

Mr Thomas Leslie . 

Mr Walter Leslie . . 

Mr Andrew Maryoribanks 

Mr George Buchan . 

Mr Wilhelm Turner . . 

Mr Andrew Turner . 



from Mr Robert Gordon, Warsaw, is a note of a 
In Anno 1700 





Mr Gilbert Moyre . 


f. 100 




Mr Thomas Mashal . 


. 100 




Mr George Paip 


30 


f f. TOO 


Mr Arthur Forbes, Warsaw 






Mr Robert Lowe, Warsaw 


. dol. 100 


. dol. 20 


Mr Robert Gordon, Warsaw 


60 




Mr George Gordon . 


2 




Mr James Ross, Lubline . 




30 


Mr John Farquhire, Dantzick 




30 






, 


dol. 242 f. 330" 



I695-] JOHN eraser's bursary. 361 

LXXVI. 

John Fraser, student of Divinity^ mortifies to the Council one thousand merks 
Scots to maintain a bursar. i2>th September, 1695* 

Be it known to all men by these present Letters Me Mr John 
Fraser Student of Divinity in Aberdeen Forasmeikle as I am g.t 
present Sick and diseased in bodie but perfect and sound blessed 
be God in mind memory and judgement and being certain of death 
though most uncertain of the time and manner thereof I doe recom- 
mend my soul to God hopeing to be saved by the merits of Jesus 
Christ and my body to be decently interred as becometh And as 
for my worldly affairs I make my letter will and testament as follows 
And first I nominat and appoint Robert Gumming present Master of 
Mortifications of the Burgh of Aberdeen and his successors Masters 
of Mortifications of the said Burgh my only Executors haill and 
universal Legators and Intromitters for the uses and ends always 
^fter specified with my haill goods gear debts sums of money books 
and others whatsomever pertaining and resting owing to me And 
/ 

* " Bencf actor um igitur agmen claudat M. Johannes Fraserius, ex generosa oriundus 
prosapia, et S. Theologiac Studiosus, cujus virtutem, doctrinam et pietatem supra annos, 
non ita pridem conspeximus et amavimus, et quem pr£epropere nimis nobis, in ipso 
Juventutis flore eheu ereptum lugemus ! Insolitam in jfuvene testatus est pietatem, bona 
sua, laudabili parsimonia et sobrietate comparata, Academiae huic et Pauperibus ex asse 
erogando : Et moriens monstravit, qualem habitura fuisset Ecciesia columnam, et Academia 
Marischallana alumnum, modo Numini visum fuisset, ipsius producere vitam. Sed Ignis 
quo clarius effulsit, citiits extinguitur ; eripit se aufertque ex ociilis subitb perfecta virtus ; 
quicquid est absoluti facilius transfluit, et optimi Proh I neutiquam diurnant. Ast^ 

Si numeres annos cecidit, Jlorente juventd, 
Si studia, et mores et bene/acta, Senex." . 

— Smith's Oratio, p. 30. 

With this tribute to the virtues of John Fraser, Professor Smith brings his record of 
benefactors to a close, assuring his audience " nullius Benejicii vel Donarii, in Academiam 
Marischallanam collati, utcunque exigui, unquam interituram Memoriam . . . Et 
quamdiu uUus restabit honos Literis, quamdiu Latinae Linguae potentia, vel Graecae gratia 
florebit, Musarum Alumni, summis semper laudibus, praedicabunt, Maximos illos Heroas, 
' eximios illos Viros, Academiae Marischallanae Benefactores, 

Nulla dies unquam memori quos eximet aevo ; 
Sed referent Musae, et vivent, dum robora tellus 
Dum Ccelum stellas, dum vehit amnis aquas ". 
ZZ 



362 MARISCHAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY. [1695. 

I doe hereby leave and bequeath the same to them for the uses and 
ends always aftermentioned secluding and debarring my haill friends 
and nearest of kin from any part or portione thereof With power 
to my saids Executors to mell and intromitt therewith and to 
Dispone thereupon for the Uses and ends after exprest Allenerly 
and no other ways and all other things necessary to doe theranent 
competent in law And sicklike out of the zeal I have to the glory 
of God Increase of learning and supplie of young poor boyes and 
out of the respect I bear to the burgh of Aberdeen and flourishing of 
the Marischall College therin I hereby destinat mortifie and appoint 
t